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Prier Per Copt, W Onto. 

Annual Svhtrription , tk.OO. 


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Vol. uir. 


Number 7. 

Printed and Published erery Saturday by I At proprietor. FRED MARRIOTT. 
*0*-*(9-4t3 Merchant street. San Francisco. Entered at San Francisco 
Pottojlce as SeeonJ-ctats Matter. 

Tkt oJUt of IJU NEWS LSTTER in Ktm Tort City it at Temple Court; 
and at Chicago, 90S Boyce Building. [Frank E Morriton. Eastern 
Representative), where information maybt obtained regarding subscrip- 
tion and advertising ratet. 

ftlilTA'TE against the mckel-in-the-slot machines! They 
are stepping-stones to the prison and the jail. 

THE Morgue and the Police Court should be closed to 
the general public. It is in such places that the 
embryo criminal takes his first step on the way to the 

S RESTAURANT in the Park, open early in the morn- 
ing, would be greatly appreciated by wheelmen and 
would surely repay anybody with enterprise enough to es- 
tablish it. 

THE Reverend Edward Davis, of Oakland, approves 
the principles of the A. P. A., but pronounces its 
practices damnable. The Reverend gentleman should 
know that the principles lead inevitably to the practices 
he condemns. The tree is known by its fruit. 

SOME weeks ago we demanded of the street car com- 
panies that the cars be stopped for gentlemen, and 
that the conductors receive orders to treat passengers 
with civility. Unless action is taken in the matter in the 
near future, we shall go for obnoxious magnates in a man- 
ner little to their liking. 

THE members of the Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Animals should turn their attention to the 
bits used on many horses in this city. Every day we see 
some noble animal enduring unspeakable torture because 
its brutal owner prefers to be more stylish than sympa- 
thetic. The horse is the noblest animal next to man 
(woman excepted), and should be protected accordingly. 

" OOUND money" is as empty a phrase as 
\3 shouted in a political campaign. 

was ever 
Nobody wants un- 
sound money. The question is whether silver dollars, under 
free coinage, would be sound money, in the sense of being 
as good as gold. This is the final test of the worth of any 
form of money: Is it as good as gold ? And this means: 
Can it be exchanged for gold at its face value ? 

THE Examiner published last Sunday an illustrated 
article designed to show what effects a tornado would 
cause in San Francisco. The city was pictured as a com- 
plete wreck. And all this was published regardless of the 
fact that one of California's great advantages is exemption 
from such destructive wind storms. "Anything for a sen- 
sation" is the motto of the ''Exhumer." 

THE agitation for free coinage of silver in the United 
States, independently of the action of any foreign 
country, has had the effect of driving many bimetallists 
into the camp of the advocates of the single standard of 
gold. These bimetallists believe it practicable, by a con- 
cert of action among the commercial nations, to admit 
silver to free coinage, and at the same time to preserve^ 
the parity between gold and silver at whatever ratio mai 
be agreed upon. But the cry for free silver has mac 
them fearful of disaster, and hence they go to the oppc 
site extreme as the only safe means of checking what they" 
regard as a dangerous delusion. 

OUK policemen and detectives might just as well be 
disbanded and made to earn honest livings without 
taxing our pockets. Should, by some strange accident, 
they ever succeed in capturing a murderer, the law pro- 
tects his life after he has been given over to the hangman. 
What between an expensive police force and jails over- 
loaded with murderers, it is no wonder that the people are 
groaning under excessive taxation. 

IT is evident that the Spanish Government is determined 
to suppress the insurrection in Cuba. With the grant 
of $100,000,000 by the Chamber of Deputies for war pur- 
poses, and reinforcements of 40,000 for the Spanish army, 
the insurgents must be hard pressed during the coming 
months. The talk of American intervention seems to have 
intensified Spain's resolve to retain the island at any cost 
of blood and treasure. 

UNLESS A. S. Cooper, of Santa Barbara, is badly mis- 
taken, California is destined to be a greater producer 
of petroleum than Pennsylvania has ever been. He has 
studied the subject for eight years, and believes that pay- 
ing wells will be had all along the west side of the San Joa- 
quin Valley, for a distance of 250 miles southward from 
Mount Diablo. Even though pumping should be requisite, 
the oil industry would be a great source of wealth to the 
State. The oil developments in Fresno County, where 
there is at least one flowing well, are very encouraging. 

LOVERS of the national game of baseball are wonder- 
ing why so little interest is taken in it by respectable 
people and why it is so rapidly declining as a sport. The 
reason is not hard to find. The presence of pugilists at 
the games, either as judge or player, is not a feature likely 
to attract other than the very low element of the sporting 
fraternity to the grounds. Neither Mr. Sharkey nor Mr. 
Corbett are interesting specimens except to the gambler 
and the i-ougb, and where such men congregate decent 
men and women are seldom to be found. When profes- 
sional players open their eyes to the disgrace and stupid- 
ity of permitting such creatures to umpire their game, 
intelligent people will rapidly take an interest in it again. 
Until then, however, they will prefer to remain at home. 

OUR Carnival should be a guaranteed success, or it had 
better not take place at all. Should it turn out to be 
a fiasco, then the city will suffer, and it will take us a long 
time to recover from the ill effects. Much as we are in 
favor of the movement, we think that, all things consid- 
ered, it might be better to postpone it until next spring 
than to rush it through after only a few months' prepara- 
ration. The sum of at least $100,000 is necessary to en- 
sure perfect success in its every detail, and we do not 
think our business men are prepared at present to advance 
such a large sum without the chance of regaining it in one 
way or the other. Eastern visitors will certainly not come 
fiere in numbers during the months of September and Octo- 
ber, and muchis dependent upon their custom. Then, again, 
people from the adjacent counties will be visiting us at that 
time_oi_thg_y_ear, Carnival or no Carnival, so that nothing 
•om that source. Few preparations can 
■t a time, and we therefore suggest that 
leld in the early months of next year, by 
11 have been able to thoroughly adver- 
An improved business outlook will also 
To in making everybody more inclined to be 
necessary matter of solid subscriptions. 


July 4, 1896. 


DID Senator Fair really marry Mrs. Nettie Craven ? 
This is a question of both taste and law. Perhaps he 
did, and perhaps, also, in his mad passion, he bestowed on 
her deeds to an imposing slice of his estate. It would be 
ungallant to east doubt on Mrs. Craven's claim to posses- 
sion of the late Senator's young affections, and rash to sur- 
mise that she says what isn't so when she asserts that he 
put in time signing away his property to her. Matters 
up before the courts for settlement are not properly mat- 
ters for newspaper decision, but all the same we should 
like to hear from the Senator on the points at issue. If 
spiritualistic mediums are any good now is their chance to 
show it. A straightforward statement from the departed 
millionaire would be read with universal interest, and it is 
strange that none of the daily newspapers, which make 
many "thousands of dollars yearly by printing the adver- 
tisements of the mediums, have had either the faith or the 
enterprise'to procure an interview. On this hint we are sure 
that one will be obtaiued, and, when it appears, we ven- 
ture to feel sure that the Senator's indignation will be im- 
pressive. He may confess to the deeds of gift, for giving 
away property was one of the Senator's favorite amuse- 
ments during life, but as to the marriage, we think he will 
defend himself, even if he has to turn his immortal back on 
truth. Mrs. Craven is an able lady, one of the foremost in- 
structors of San Francisco's growing girls and boys in 
reading, writing, arithmetic, and morals, but she is no 
longer young, and flattery itself must shrink from saying 
that she is beautiful. Senator Fair, on the other hand, 
while he knew all about reading, writing, and arithmetic, 
but instructed nobody in morals, was up to the 
very last an extremely good-looking man. He was noted, 
too, for his appreciation of the refining and elevating sex, 
and liked them young and pretty. Being a millionaire, 
there were few female hearts that could resist him. Why, 
then, should he not only have yielded to the autumn 
charms of the esteemed Mrs. Craven, but have been so far 
subjugated as to make only honorable proposals for pos- 
session of the same ? Did thoughts of his boyhood revive 
and render him tenderly susceptible to maternal influence? 
There is no telling. The human heart is a strange thing. 
Byron said he always felt that he had become a child again 
when he laid his head in a woman's lap. Possibly that was 
what happened to Senator Fair. 

It doesn't matter much to the people of San Francisco 
what the ultimate disposition of the Fair millions may be, but 
the natural heirs are entitled to fair play. It is to give fair 
play that courts exist, and these heirs have as good a 
right to get it as if they were all terrestrial angels. It is 
perfectly well known that when a widowed millionaire dies 
in California ihese things are bound to appear : Several 
platoons of lawyers, followed respectively by widows, ille- 
gitimate children, and a rabble of persons who assert rela- 
tionship. This industry has nourished greatly for the past 
dozen years without any help from a protective tariff. It 
is to the interest of all men of property, and to that of the 
community, that the courts should give as little encourage- 
ment as may be to these forays on fortunes. 

Mrs. Craven says that Senator Fair made her a wealthy 
woman in secret and secretly married her. She may be 
telling the truth, but under the circumstances she has no 
reason to complain if common sense justifies the strongest 
kind of doubt of her veracity. Neither will she have any 
reason to complain if her claims shall be subjected to the 
severest, the most impolite scrutiny. It is right that they 
should be, right that no regard whatever be paid to her 
feelings in the course of the inquiry. It is entirely natural 
that the investigation should proceed on the theory that 
she has invented the marriage and the deeds. Senator 
Fair was not a fool. Neither is the mature and experi- 
enced Mrs. Craven. 

A Return It is to be sincerely hoped that the interest 
to displayed in prize-fighting in this city is 

Barbarism, merely superficial, and is on\y an expression 
on the part of the lower elements of our 
society rather than of respectable people. Pugilism is de- 
grading and disgusting, and is lowering to the tone of any 
community. The bruiser is ahead of the brute only in that 
he has been modeled in the human form. His instincts are 

ever bestial. When he is victorious he may be likened to 
the tiger ; when he is defeated he resembles the skunk. 
That pugilism is looked down upon in San Francisco is ap- 
parent by the many protests made against it by leading 
business and professional men, but, fostered as it is by the 
daily press and the blackguard portion of the populace, 
it is likely to blossom into life again unless the movement 
be killed in its infancy. From one end of America to the 
other, cities have refused to allow pugilists to ply their 
disgusting calling within their limits, and it is to be hoped 
that San Francisco will not allow herself to be pointed out 
as the one blot upon the face of the country, where men are 
permitted to make spectacles of themselves for the edifica- 
tion of a few perverted citizens and for the replenishing 
of pockets they cannot fill by honest labor. Ten years ago 
such exhibitions were not considered out of place. Things 
are different now, and the intelligent portion of this com- 
munity is determined upon making itself heard and having 
something to say in whatever concerns the welfare of San 
Francisco. We are rapidly casting aside the influence of 
the saloon-keeper and the gambler — the natural friends of 
the prize-fighter. If he is not aware of that fact, or the 
undeveloped condition of his brain will not allow of his 
clearly grasping it, then the police must be called upon to 
educate him by a course of hard bread and harder labor. 
The brutal exhibition given last week at the Mechanics' 
Pavilion, where one pugilistic fraud was confronted by one 
even greater, was a farce of the worst kind, and was en- 
gineered through merely with the intention of enriching a 
few gamblers and their associates. It will take us a long 
time to regain the dignity our city lost by those few hours, 
and although a number of low-minded fellows had their 
passions appealed to and excited for the time being, 
numerous men and women, whose tastes do not lead them 
to the saloon or the pool-room, will regret it for many a 
day to come. The daily papers are as much to blame for 
lending their support to such a scheme as are the pro- 
moters and the participants themselves. The Examiner, 
for instance, after devoting columns and columns to the 
nauseating affair, gives space to the virtuous indignation 
expressed by one of its respectable editorial writers, and 
the day after permits his opinions to be criticised by 
an outsider whose instincts and sympathies lead him to 
espouse the cause of prize-fighting ! This action on the 
part of our contemporary does not surprise us, for we are 
well aware of its tendencies to dally, as does the woman of 
shame, with all and any comers. We hold, however, that 
it is time for all intelligent men and women to band to- 
gether and express their indignation at conduct which is 
so detrimental to this city. A prize-fight is as brutal as a 
cock-fight, a dog-fight, or a bear-bating. And until it is 
looked upon as such, we cannot say that we have entered 
into anything like a full appreciation of the true and divine 
meaning of manhood. 

The Press The freedom of the press is being defended 
and eloquently by the press from one end to the 

Mendacity, other of California just now. The News 
Letter has itself taken a hand in the battle 
against judicial encroachment, and will do so agaiu when 
occasion requires, but it is not at all blind to the press's 
abuse of its freedom. If reputable journals were as ready 
to rebuke the license of newspapers as they are to cham- 
pion the freedom of the press, there would be more public 
sympathy shown when that freedom is infringed. The libel 
laws need strengthening. It is not enough that news- 
papers should be punished for uttering gross slanders that 
inflict material damage; they should be held responsible 
for wanton injury to the feelings of individuals with whom 
they make free. A case in point occurred within the week. 
In private conversation, a young woman, a member of a 
reputable theatrical company, talked of her skill at fencing, 
and said she was afraid of no man with the foils. "What, 
not afraid of Corbett ? " jocularly asked a " journalist" of 
her acquaintance. "No." she answered playfully, "I 
wouldn't be afraid to challenge Corbett." The next day 
there appeared in a newspaper a gravely written story of 
the intention of the lady to challenge the prize-fighter to a 
boxing match for points. Tt was so well done as to deceive 
the ordinary reader, and this unoffending, modest, and un- 
obtrusive lady was placed before the whole country in the 
light of a female ruffian anxious to win distinction as a 

July 4, t&q6. 


pugilist The girl was thrown into bj and it was 

-ary to coll in ti Ber father, <>iT 

necticut. was found dead, a suicide, with a copy of a news 
taining the story, which had 
rywhere. Wh( ther it was the shock of the 
disgr .used the fattier to take his own life is not 

nown. but. presumably, it was not without its in- 
due r. 

What remedy has the law for an Outrage such as this r 
The lady cannot stay here to tight a lilx-1 suit, and. if she 
did. lawyers would so torture her on the stand that she 
would regret having endeavored to defend her character. 

Respect for truth has, seemingly, departed from the of- 
fices of most daily newspapers Not what is true, but 
what can be made interesting regardless of fact is what 
they hanker for without ceasing. There is fierce competi- 
tion in this dishonorable and heartless species of "enter- 
prise." It has become the distinguishing feature of daily 
journalism throughout the United States. The papers 
which excel in it achieve the greatest circulation. Men- 
dacity pays. 

But mendacity should be made not to pay. There ought 
to be legal penalties for plain lying as such. Freedom to 
falsify about men, women, or anything at all, is not the 
kind of freedom which a self-respecting press desires, and 
it is a kind of freedom which the disreputable press ought 
not to be permitted to enjoy. 

The ' 'Waiting for Chicago" is all the answer there 

Political is this week to enquiries as to the political 
Situation, situation. Until we know the man and the 
platform of the Unterrified all is doubt and 
uncertainty. Never has there been such political confu- 
sion in a Presidential year since the' Republican party was 
born and the great Abraham Lincoln elected President. 
Now, as then, it looks as if the one party that knows its 
own business and how to mind it, will win. No doubt if 
the three opposition parties could have united, Lincoln 
would have been beaten. So to-day, if the Democrats, 
Populists and silverites were to combine on Senator Teller 
or o n any other man of fair reputation and ability, the 
chances would be evened up, and the contest that would 
ensue would be only less memorable than that of 1860. 
We cannot say, however, that we should like to see such a 
combination in favor of silver. Believing as we do that 
the free coinage of the white metal at the ratio of 16 to 1 
would bring upon us the most terrible money panic this 
country ever experienced, to be followed by a long period 
of hard times and general distress, we cannot for a mo- 
ment desire to witness a combination calculated to bring 
these dire results to pass. This consideration does not, 
however, compel us to shut our eyes to the political 
possibilities. It is undoubtedly on the cards to put up a 
ticket that would defeat the McKinley combine, and, if 
only the silver craze could be eliminated from it, all would 
be well. But that now appears to be impossible. So that 
the difficulty recurs as to what else Chicago may do. Two 
or three courses are possible, whilst only one is desirable. 
Senator Teller may be indorsed, or a true blue silver 
Democrat, like Bland, may be nominated, both of which 
would be results to be lamented. Cleveland, and all that 
he stands for, would once more rally the nation, and prob- 
ably win; but if perchance defeat came, it would be defeat 
with honor, and that would speedily bring triumph with 

A State The Times of Los Angeles and the Record- 
Police. Union of Sacramento are engaged in airing an 
interesting difference of opinion in regard to 
the establishment of a State police system. Both journals 
ardently support the idea, and think that the easy escape 
of Blanther, Dunham and others, is due to the wantof unity 
of action on the part of the various sheriffs throughout the 
State. The News Letter has advocated this reform for 
more than twenty years past. Taking its cue from ex- 
periences in many lands, it would devolve the maintenance 
of law and order upon the State. The District Attorney, 
Prosecuting officer, constable or policemen should hold 
elective positions and a strict civil service system should 
regulate both the law and police departments, and, in 
point of fact, interference in politics should be prohibited 

ainst both class of Officers, Al present all criminal 

CUtions arc instituted in the name of 'the people of 

the Mate. That ought to be made a fact, instead of 

remaining a mere fiction of law. In other words, the 

municipalities anil counties should he relieved of the entire 

business of dealing with crime and criminals. Again and 

again have we known of hardened rascals, even 

murderers, going free because the county could not alTord 
>^t of their prosecution, We know murderers from 
the country walking the streets of San Krancisco. who 
wont unwbipped of justice on that ground. Truly, such a 
result is a reflection upon our boasted civilization, and a 
crime against public justice. It is idle to say that the 
proposed new system would be more expensive than the 
existing one. As a matter of fact it would be much 
cheaper and incomparably more effective. It would not 
be necessary to have a sort of Chief of Police — sheriff — in 
every county and town. The cost would be met, as in 
equity it ought to be, by the whole people, rather than a 
portion of them, and police protection would be extended 
to all and at the same time would be uniform and capable 
of being made effective, which the present system is not. 
Our two contemporaries differ in that one of them (The 
Record-Union) would set up a sort of cheap-John Bureau, 
composed of some half-dozen detectives, one of each to be 
placed in certain important centers. The Times gives a 
fairly accurate description of the Australian system and 
strongly approves it, and, at the same time, makes our 
Sacramento contemporary's exceedingly inadequate pro- 
posals look very small potatoes. The Australian plan, is 
subject to semi-military discipline, and it, and the law 
department of the State, are run on lines very similar to 
those herein explrined and approved. 

Americans Americans are learning to enjoy life. Each 
and year adds to the relative number of those 

Recreation, who take a vacation for rest and recreation. 
The idea is gaining ground that it is not all 
of life to live. Said a man in a street-car the other day: 
"I have been working hard for twenty years, without any 
vacation, and I am much worse off in mind and body than 
if I had allowed myself a reasonable amount of pleasure as 
I went along. After this I propose to take life easier." 
He voiced the sentiment of many other business men who, 
like himself, have beemburning the candle at both ends. It 
is as injurious for a man to dissipate his energies in exces- 
sive devotion to business as in excess of any other sort. 
Unfortunately, many men become such slaves to business 
that their eyes are never opened to the folly of the 
sacrifices they make in its pursuit. True, they find a cer- 
tain sort of pleasure in business, but it is a poor sort of 
satisfaction compared with that which the angler, the 
hunter or the mountain-climber feels in his days of outing. 
One of our most successful business men, who is a 
mountaineer and unsurpassed as a descriptive writer in 
all that pertains to the beauty and grandeur of California 
scenery, has often declared that he would far rather be 
tramping up a mountain side than making money out of 
real estate transactions in San Francisco. And yet he 
has impaired his health by his too keen attention to busi- 
ness. How few there are who can retire early from the 
cares of business or of professional life, after having ac- 
quired a competency. And yet, in the days of youth, 
every man begins work with the hope of making an inde- 
pendence before age comes on, and of getting plenty of 
rest and repose in the afternoon of life. After all, there 
is not any greater privilege of wealth than that of ena- 
bling its fortunate possessor to be master of his time. But 
it is one thing to be free to do as one chooses, and quite 
another to do as one chooses. There are no harder workers 
than many of the millionaires. They are like the ass in 
Shakespeare, "whose back with ingots bows." They bear 
their heavy riches but a journey, and death unloads them. 
Thus wealth often has the effect of making a man poor in 
all that tends to make life worth living. " Give me 
neither poverty nor riches," saith the Biblical sage, and 
nothing could better express the golden mean. To be an 
angler, and to have plenty of time to go fishing, would 
sum up the philosophy of rare old Izaak Walton. And 
perhaps we have no wiser men than he was, in these days 
of haste to get rich and of feverish anxiety to affix another 
cipher to the credit balance of the bank account. 


July 4, 1896. 

How Will Men Vote Most men would, no doubt, gladly 
On The escape voting on the Woman's 

Woman Question ? Suffrage amendment to the consti- 
tution, if they reasonably could. 
That is just how the members of the last legislature felt 
when they avoided the direct issue themselves and re- 
ferred it to a popular vote. The amendment will be on 
the official ballot, and the duty will devolve upon every 
voter to say either "yes" or 'no.'" What will the tyrant 
man do? If he be the sort of creature that the Reverend 
Anna Shaw and other members of the Woman's Confer- 
ence recently held in this city, endeavored to make him 
out to be, he will go to the polls like a sheep, vote like a 
brute, and then chatter over it like a magpie. If it were 
not the unreasoning sex that said this, we should wonder 
what Miss Susan B. Anthony, and her friends, expect to 
make out of their vigorous campaign in quest of male 
votes. As only men can vote, the women orators are as 
logical as usual when, with one and the same breath, they 
denounce the male as hard-hearted and brutal and then 
ask him for all the good things at the political "pie 
counter." Nor are they as sincere toward him as they 
might be, for, when they make such large demauds upon 
his disinterestedness and good nature, they by all possible 
force of implication admit that, where the sex are con- 
cerned, he has as soft a spot in his heart as he must have 
somewhere in his head. It is just like women, too, to seek 
to get that by a scold which they could easier obtain by 
means of a wink. They have probably learned by ex- 
perience that men love peace at home and will part with 
their birthright, if need be, in order to secure it. It is 
just right there that his difficulty comes in on this woman's 
suffrage question. Would it add to the peace of the home? 
Assuredly not, if we are to judge by the tone and temper 
of the unhappy language used by the woman suffragists of 
late. Anything that will bring more discord into the 
business world is bad and to be avoided with all the genius 
that men possess, whilst that which would bring it into 
the family — and that is what the women recently showed 
it would do — is to be avoided as an emanation of the devil, 
from which may the good Lord deliver us! If the good 
women of the state want the suffrage they will get it 
sooner or later. It would be well to let the question wait 
until they are heard from. 

From Morgue Whenever any disaster occurs in this city, 
To Prison. resulting in the sacrifice of human life, 
hundreds of persons may be seen gaz- 
ing upon the distorted features of the dead as they rest 
upon their slabs in the City Morgue. The people who go 
there are invariably of the lower classes, people who find 
much pleasure amid 1 such morbid surroundings, and who 
go home to their wretched hovels to read over every de- 
tail of the horrible tragedy which culminated in the deaths 
they had shortly before gloated over. Men out of employ- 
ment, with nothing in their pockets and murder or suicide 
in their hearts, irresponsible and impressionable women, 
and callous children sneak in and imbibe the deathly 
atmosphere of the place and then creep out again and 
hide their faces from God's searching sunshine. The 
deadly and deadening influence of the place stunts their 
already attenuated souls, or fires their brains with morbid 
and unhealthy desires and visions which finally lead them 
to commit murder or suicide themselves. For this reason 
we claim that the Morgue should be closed to all people 
except those having business there, or whom the Coroner 
or his deputies may deem it proper to admit. No healthy 
person takes pleasure in going there; and the others, who 
would delight in watching the butchering of a lamb, should 
be turned from the doors out of general principles. 

Look After California not being a pivotal State, it 

The City would practically make no difference in 

Government, the general result if she did not cast a 

vote on National issues. Those matters 

will take care of themselves. It is, as the case stands, of 

much more consequence to give heed to our Municipal 

Government. The Board of Supervisors is our local 

Parliament. It can and it does lay its heavy hand on 

every man who has anything. It lays on taxes with the 

strength of a Jupiter and spends them with the lavishness 

of a Croesus. It can practically confiscate our rents and 

render our homes minus a capital value. Our Board of 
Health can permit nuisances to lexist that kill and that 
benefit their friends, the undertakers. Our policemen can 
render the ways of the murderer easy, and cause all his 
tracks to be paths of peace. Our County Clerk can 
spend twice as much as his predecessor, and laugh at the 
taxpayers at the same time. And so it may be all along 
the line. The existing law is so loaded down with burglar's 
devices that we despair of seeing stealing kept within any 
thing like reasonable bounds until a new charter is 
adopted. That is the principal task the taxpayers ought 
to set themselves to accomplish at this election. It should 
be taken in hand as a serious matter of business and put 
through as an absolute necessity and almost regardless of 
time or money. We believe the requisite effort will be 
made this time and hope the ballots and the tally clerks 
will be watched until the count is completed. The city tax 
must and will be kept down to about $1.07, for it is known 
that the political doom of any man will be sealed who votes 
to make it higher. To accomplish these and other good 
purposes the taxpayers must not be divided by party 
names. The taxeaters make no such mistake. There is 
nothing of party in good city government, but there is a 
great deal for the taxpayer in good, old fashioned honesty 
and economy. 

The Insignificance The little fad that is nursed to be kept 
of the warm, and occasionally brought out 

Single Tax Fad. to get an airing, called "the Single 
Tax," is such an insignificant little 
innocent, and is advocated by such a band of small men, 
that we have never cared to touch it seriously, lest it fall 
to pieces in the handling. It was long before it took de- 
finite shape, or got a name. It was at one time desig- 
nated "The Nationalization of Land " and as it was a high 
sounding name, Little Harry George tried to make it go 
at that, but the name would not stick! The "homestead" 
was too dear to the American heart to have it changed in- 
to National ownership. The idea originated in Australia 
and actually became the law there for a while, and George 
at first endeavored to render the Antipodean plan ap- 
plicable to this country. He has learnt somewhat of 
American constitutional law since then. In its original 
form it was a graduated tax on land growing in an ever 
increasing ratio per acre in proportion to the number of 
acres held by the individual landowner, or corporation of 
land owners — the avowed purpose being to " burst up the 
big estates." It did not accomplish its purpose there and 
was abandoned within two years. George found that no 
such proposal would stand discussion in this country, be- 
cause all taxation must be equal and uniform. So he 
quickly changed base, and the single tax idea, which in no 
manner meets the original purpose, is the final outcome. 
The recent discussion of the single tax in the little State 
of Delaware attracted attention in Europe, and capitalists 
began to be afraid for their investments. It seems as if 
foreigners will never know what peace is until they 
familiarize themselves with the nature and history of 
American political fads. They are usually brought about 
by the combined action of publicity and impecuniosity. 

California California fruit is known the world over. 
Fruit The fruitmen are the mainstay of this 

In London, state and we are always glad when any- 
thing occurs to their advantage. The Cali- 
fornia Fruit Transportation Company is arranging for 
special trains and ocean service during the fruit season by 
which Californian goods will be placed on the London 
market in twelve days. When this is accomplished, and 
we are assured that it will be, California will be able to 
hold its own against the fruit shippers of Germany and 
France and Spain. The quality of our goods is so excellent, 
so superior in flavor and size to that of the just-mentioned 
countries, that it will immediately be in demand. Great 
care, however, must be given to packing and, the railroad 
and steamship agents should do their very best to further 
the interest of the shippers. In time, London will prove 
a better market for Californian fruit than is New York to- 
day. The fruitmen have waited a long time for an op- 
portunity to go ahead. It looks now as if their chance 
has come and we sincerely trust that they will be able to 
go in and make something out of it. 

July 4. 1896. 



THK Socond Congressional D ratu- 

lated upor 
T. Lane to the National Democratic Convention at Chicago. 

Mr. Lam f the 

rising young politicians ol 
^tatc. and is an out- 
and-out Democrat, not 

likely to lx> wooed away 
bis purpose in look- 
ing after tlie best interests 
of the party. He is a 
leading Calaveras man and 
90 well and favorably 
H^ known to many prominent 

> jRAk people in San Francisco as 

^■H' _ an energetic worker with 

a future before him. He 
' is well liked and believed 

in by the miners in his dis- 
trict, and is known to be 
a principled business man 
as well. We feel safe in 
saying that he is thor- 
oughly honest, and that 
the clean atmosphere of 
the mountains will enable him to rise above the pettiness 
which so degrades the ordinary politician. Captain Lane, 
of the Utica mine at Angels, is his father, Mr. Tom Lane 
being the present Superintendent. The miners usually 
know who will look honestly after their interests, and from 
what we personally know of their representative, their 
confidence will not be misplaced. 

T. T. Ln 


MR. Harry E. "Wise, who has been selected as a delegate 
from the First Congressional District to the National 
Democratic Convention, is one of the most prominent 

Harry E. Wise. 
young men engaged in business in this city. He is 
associated with the firm of Christy & Wise, wool and 
commission merchants, and is one of the proprietors of the 

Vallcjo street 1'nited States Bonded Warehouse and the 
VaUejo-atreel Free Warehouse. The Niwa Lima has 
ever advocated the selection of business men to such im- 
portant positions as Mr. Wise will occupy, anil wc know 
that in him the Democratic party will have an honest and 
a BtaUCCh advocate, whose voice will lie hoard in the Con 

vention to some purpose. Mr, Wise has ever been a 
Democrat, and his father was one before him, so that he 
has had the principles of the greatest of all parties in- 
stilled in him from his earliest vouth. 


THE different gentlemen who have been selected by the 
Democrats this year to represent them at the 
National Convention at Chicago are all men of the highest 

Lends Mttzger. 

standing in this community and will not remain silent when 
the interests of their constituents are in any way en- 
dangered. Mr. Louis Metzger, who goes there represen- 
ting the Fourth Congressional District is one of the most 
prominent citizens we have and has been interested in 
politics for so many years that it is impossible for any one 
to get ahead of him in. that game. He is a capitalist and 
is interested in the welfare of the State, and a better re- 
presentative could not have been decided upon. He was 
a delegate to the last National Convention. He is also a 
prominent member of the Iroquois Club, having been one 
of the organizers, and having acted in the capacity of 
President thereof. 

San Francisco & 
Norm Pacific Railway 
4th 01 July Holidays 


Reduced Rates 

h. c. WHITING, 

General Manager 

Very low special rates to all points on this road 
and greatly 

to all Resorts. For particulars, inquire at ticket 
office, 650 Market street. 

R. X. RYAN, 

General Passenger Agent. 


July 4, 1896. 


E EDITOR NEWS LETTER,— Sir: I have said in these 
/ papers that the subject will be discussed by me from 
a purely historical and economical standpoint, and in doing 
so I shall frequently use the phraseology of standard 
authorities without in each and every case indicating the 
fact by quotation marks. 

In the May Overland Mr. Scott says: 

"The mone> lenders- money gamblers, etc.,- might perchance be 
adversely affected by the establishment of bimetallism." 

( Meaning, I assume, the independent unlimited free coin- 
age of both gold and silver as legal tender at fixed ratios.) 
Prance holds as much silver as the United States, and the 
ratio there is 151 to 1, but free coinage was long ago dis- 
continued by France, and she declines to resume, main- 
taining, however, restricted silver circulation, practically 
on the Petty system or theory. If the United States ac- 
cords independent free and unlimited coinage of silver, 
gold will be driven out of current circulation, and with the 
parting of the two coins in circulation — after the monetary 
panic is over — after the financial wreck comes the wreck- 
age, come the opportunity of the money brokers — "money 
gamblers," etc. at the expense of the people, vide green- 
backs, gold and silver 1862 to 1878. 

Let it never be forgotten that a coin is just as bad when 
debased by over-valuation, if n>>/ exchangeable for better, as 
when unduly alloyed, clipped or sweated. Adam Smith 
sets forth the condition of Hamburg, 1009, as follows: 

"Before 1G09 the great quantity of clipped and worn^foreign coin, 
which the txtensive trade of Amsterdam brought from all parts of 
Europe, reduced the value of its currency about nine per cent below 
that of good money fresh from the mint. 

"Siuh money no sooner appeared than it was melted down or 
carried away, as it always is in such circumstances. The merchants, 
with plenty of currency, could not always find a sufficient quantity 
of good money to pay their bills of exchange and the value of those 
bills, in spite of several regulations which were made to prevent it, 
became in a great measure uncertain. 

"f n order to remedy these inconveniences, a bank was established 
in 1609 under the guarantee of the city. This bank received both 
foreign coin, and the light and worn coin of the country at its real 
intrinsic value in the good standard money of the country, deducting 
only so much as was necessary for defraying the expense of coinage, 
and the other necessary expense of management. For the value 
which remained after this small deduction was made, it gave a 
credit in its books. This credit was called bank money, which, as it re- 
presented money exactly according to the standard of the mint, was 
always of the same real value, and intrinsically worth more than 
current money. It was at the same time enacted, that all bills 
drawn upon or negotiated at Amsterdam of the value of six hundred 
guilders and upwards should be paid in bank money, which at once 
look away all uncertainty in the value of those bills. Every mer- 
chant, in consequence of this regulation, was obliged to keep an ac- 
count with the bank in order to pay his foreign bills of exchange, 
which necessarily occasioned a certain demand for bank money." 

The agio or discount on these moneys varied from 9 per 
cent to 14 per cent, and this, of course, had to be borne 
by the people who paid the coins to the merchants. 
There is an admirable exposition or treatise by Lord 
Liverpool, at the close of the last century, on a similar 
state of affairs in England. The circulating silver coins 
were at a discount, as against good money, of from 9 per 
cent, to 38 per cent. This inequality is always the bane 
of the. people. 

Professor W. A. Shaw, in his history of currency, 
speaking of the conditions prevailing in the 16th and 17th 
centuries, says: 

"There was constant oscillation— change of ratio, and the least 
alteration of the condition of one metal made it a lever for opera- 
tions on the other. These operations were for brokerage, commis- 
sions merely. They had no relation to the ebb and flow of com- 
merce as modern arbitrage transactions have. It was a money 
dealers' opportunity of private gain, and for private gain the system 
was worked. The ebb and flow of European currencies, which the 
16th and 17th centuries witnessed, were as unnecessary for the pur- 
poses cf her commerce as they were disastrous." 

A striking portrayal of the injury wrought by such 
causes is also to be found in the fourth volume of Macaulay's 
History of England, chapter twenty-one. He describes 
the baneful effect of the employment of clipped coins which 
had become, in the year 1695, so universal that he says of 

"It may well be doubted whether all the misery inflicted on the 

English nation in a quarter of a century by bad kings, bad ministers, 
bad parliaments, and bad judges was equal to the misery caused by 
a single year of bad crowns and bad shillings." 

It was found necessary to apply a remedy, and Somers, 
Montague, Locke and Newton were the men who devised 
measures for relief. The bad money was melted down and 
good substituted for it — that which was worth as bullion 
what it purported to be as coin. Macaulay says that "in 
the midst of the public disasters one class prospered 
greatly — the bankers." They were in a position to take 
advantage of the opportunities of profit which were pre- 
sented to them. But. he remarks. 

♦ * "the- laborer found that the Bit of metal, which, when he 
received it was called a shilling, would hardly, when he wanted to 
purchase a loaf of bread, go as far as six pence. The ignorant and 
helpless peasant was cruelly ground between one class which would 
give money only by tale and another which would take it only by weight." 

Let Mr. Scott note the remark, "take it only by weight." 
When Mr. Scott asserts that gold monometallism (mean- 
ing, I suppose, the gold standard of value with silver 
auxiliary, as in the United States and France) renders 
money scarce, he makes a statement that is in defiance of 
all the facts of the case. There is more money, real and 
credit, per capita in France, Great Britain and the United 
States, and the world also, than ever before, and this too, 
with a refinement, a facility of exchange never before 
approximated. The scarcity or abundance of money is in- 
dicated by the rate of interest. Interest was never so 
low as at" the present time. In California the Savings 
Bank rate of interest earnings has fallen six-tenths in 
twenty years, and throughout the United States 33 per 
cent in the same period. 

As countries on a silver monometallic basis are cited by 
the advocates of free silver as more prosperous than the 
United States, the prosperity surely cannot arise from 
what Mr. Scott calls "plenteous money " — the circulation 
per capita being, approximately, as follows: 

United States. Gold, silver and paper, active $23. no per capita 

.Mexico gold and silver 4.95 " " 

Japan gold and silver 4.00 " " 

India silver and paper 3.33 " ■• 

China silver 2.08 " " 

Malayan Straits, silver 3 2fi " " 

The obligations of one country to another are not in the 
main paid in money, but in the exchange of productions 
and the final settlement of balances only is in gold or silver 
as commodities, at their commercial value per ounce. No 
money can enter this commercial realm as standard but 
true money, viz: that based on intrinsic equivalency; only 
that which, after melting is worth as bulHon what its face 
previously purported, is true money; not any other. And 
no legal enactment or kingly decree can alter this un- 
written law. "Commerce from the dawn of civilization 
has been the supreme arbiter of every system of monetary 
exchange; that system has either stood or fallen as it has 
conformed to or been in violation of the principles of justice 
and equity which commerce has declared. That declara- 
tion has been at all times, without a single exception, that 
in every metallic money there must reside such intrinsic 
and indisputable value as makes the stamped coin of the 
same value as a commodity of merchandise as the un- 

As to the proportion of obligations to gold, 49 to 1, 
alleged by Mr. Scott on page 564 of his May article, say 
for the United States, or for the State of California, or 
the world — it matters not, — the conception of the func- 
tions of money therein indicated is worthy of "Coin's 
Financial School," and to illustrate the absurdity of it, I 
suggest to Mr. Scott that to gold he add silver, then the 
proportions of his despair to hope will be, not as 49 to 1, 
but as 49 to 2! 

Herodotus gives an account of a Persian King who 
treasured up his revenue in this way: "He melts the gold 
and silver he receives and pours it into earthen vessels. 
When the jar is full and the metal cooled he breaks the 
jar. From these lumps when he wants money he cuts off 
what he needs." But modern finance is not like that. 
Davanzate thought the sum of all the gold, silver and cop- 
per in the world equalled in value all the other wealth of 
the world. But we know better than that. It is related 
of the father of Alexander Pope, the poet, that when he 
retired from business in London he carried to a retreat in 

July 4. 1896. 


m taming some 20.000 pounds sterling 
and took out from lit ■ what traa required for 

household 1 .nd the historian records that it is 

probable that tins wa- by no means a aolltarj 
ed since then. 

Mr. Scott Beems to !><• unconscious of the great eoonomic 
potentialities of the present century— particularly those 
of the present generation— the transferability of capital, 
cash, or credit, the so-called international loan fund 
stitutin;; a mechanism in obedience to which money moves 
freely wherever it is in best demand — wherever it is sup- 
posed it will earn the most. As examples, Brlandger A 
the European bankers of the Southern Confederacy, 
averred that in response to their advertisement for bids 
on fifteen millions Confederate Government bonds they re- 
ceived bids for over five hundred millions. When France 
needed money to pay the German indemnity, fifty-five 
banking houses of Continental Europe and Great Biitaui 
promptly responded with over one thousand millions of dol- 
lars. And on the sixty-two million bond loan of the United 
States for 1895 there were bids in London for over five hun- 
dred millions, and for the bond loan of 18!>b' there were bids 
in New York for over five hundred millions. Said Walter 
Bagehot, speaking of the French loan : 

" The magnitude of it as a single transaction was indeed new, but 
it is only a magnificent instance of what incessantly happens; and 
the commonness of similar smaller transactions, and the amount of 
Ibeni when added together, are even more remarkable, and even 
more important than the size of this one: and similar operations of 
the " loan fund " are goingon constantly, though on a far less scale." 

If, for example, the United States — having prepared for 
other forms of circulating notes — to retire greenbacks 
and Treasury demand notes, and thereby break the endless 
chain of Government redemption of greenbacks and save 
all further need for bond issues, were to ask bids for five 
hundred millions gold on 3 per cent, bonds, they would be 
immediately forthcoming. But if the independent, un- 
limited free coinage of silver be achieved in this country, 
the first effect of that will be wide-spread ruin, because it 
will occasion the exclusion from current use of the stock of 
gold coins of the country, and to replace these by silver 
coins would require thirteen years of the entire coinage 
capacity of the United States mints. This, to say nothing 
of the results of instant contraction, consternation, and 
disastrous panic, from the sale of securities that would be 
occasioned by such a change. But suppose ultimate infla- 
tion through the medium of silver. Money, like property, 
is parted with for a consideration. No matter how many 
more coins there might be coming from the mints under 
free coinage and going into the pockets of bullion owners, 
there would be no more coins in the pockets of the people 
at large, unless they had something to exchange for them. 
Secretary Gallatin once said : 

" The want of money is the want of exchangeable or valuable prop- 
erty or commodities and the want of credit. The man who says 
that he wants money could at all times obtain it if he had either 
credit or valuable commodities." 

When a question of equity is considered in connection 
with the stability of a standard, it is averred by those who 
have examined the subject that the average duration of 
ordinary debts is less than a year, and it has been shown 
by statistical investigation that the average life of land 
mortgages of whatsoever kind and character is less than 
four years. As gold resumption was legally declared 
twenty-three years ago, fixing the standard of our money, 
it is perfectly safe to say that the average life of all land 
mortgages has expired six times over within that period. 
Compare the value of Western wheat lands and Southern 
cotton lands per acre before the Civil War and it will be 
found that, despite the depression of the immediate pres- 
ent, the lands are worth far more than they were then. 
Mullhall reports the value of farm lands of the United 
States as follows, pounds sterling, figured at $5 : 

1860 $ 6.910 millions 

1870 8,430 

1880 10,610 " 

1890 12,790 "(estimated) 

But to be as exact as possible I will take the United 
States Census returns as follows : 

1850... $3,272,000,000, or $11 14 per acre 

I860.... 6,645,000,000, or 16 27 per acre 

i-T" Omitted broauae of depreciated paper onrrenoj 

10 i .7 000 000, or $10 iil' per acre 
or 21 si par i 

A> for corporations, railway mortgages, for example, 

they are a part and parcel of the present civilization iii 

every country on the face of the globe, and as they mature 

from time to time they are almost invariably renewed at a 
lower rate of interest : and so it goes on, and will go on for- 
ever, without an appreciable demand being made for cash 
payment of anything of the kind. The same principle ap- 
plies to domestic enterprises and loans from savings or 

commercial banks. So long BS the borrower has good 
assets he does not need to pay more than the interest 
maturing, because what the banks seek is responsible cus- 
tomers who are willing to use the funds which they manage, 
and by far the greater part of these funds belong to the 
working people. 

As to banks and their obligations, even if any consider- 
able proportion of the deposits were called for and ob- 
tained, the people in general would not know what to do 
with the money they had withdrawn. This is not assum- 
ing a lack of intelligence on the part of depositors, nor 
that they are exposed to no hazard, nor that bankers can 
provide against all contingencies. Ricardo remarks, what 
every thoughtful banker has observed, that : 

' On extraordinary occasions a general panic may seize the coun- 
try when every one becomes dt sirons of possessing himself of the 
precious metals as the most convenient mode of realizing or conceal- 
ing his property ; against such panic banks have no security on any 
system. 11 

The very reason for the existence of deposit banking — 
essentially a development of the present century — is that 
the owners of money find it less risky, troublesome, and 
expensive to place it in a bank than to keep it themselves. 
The safety of deposit bankirg is confidence, and this is 
partly the result of habit, and partly of the knowledge 
that anything like wholesale and simultaneous withdrawal 
is impossible, inconceivable — and thus confidence is main- 
tained, although the fact is perfectly well understood that 
the amount of money in hand or within reach is as a rule 
small compared with the amount of deposits — while the 
aggregate of properly constituted banks is a prepared 
machine to carry capital in any direction. 

San Francisco, June 30, 1896. A Layman. 

{To be continued). 

A Pound of Facts 
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the Gail Borden Eagle Brand Condensed Milk than upon any other 
food. Infant Health is a valuable pamphlet for mothers. Send your 
address to the New York Condensed Milk Compiny, New York. 

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As a table water it is unsurpassed. 

— London " Hospital Gazette." 

California Milk Producers' Association. 


Special Rates Made. Depot: 128-130 Turk St., S. F 
Telephone East 942. 



July 4, 1896. 

<j • if L* 1/ TJ" 

' We Obev No #and but Pleasure's."— 7'owi Moore. 

\y whether it be printed, played or 
painted, deserves a title adequate to its 
artistic excellence and sententiously de- 
H soriptive of the motif of the work. For in- 
■ stance, the hippy female with the big hat 
and insinuating legs, gazing over Moore's blithe line, "We 
obey no wand but pleasure's"— she and her hopeful quota- 
tion are seldom in spirit with the profound reasoning, the 
chaste style, the polite protest, the courtly misdemeanor 
that graces the type beneath her feet. She is invaluable, 
I admit, amazoning the cause of living pictures, palpitat- 
ing ballets, and other ocular delights dear to him of the 
hairless pate; but beyond this she is a poor, ill-clothed 
symbol for the impressions and impertinences of a modest 
student of the drama. 

It is the same thing with the title, A Bunch of Violets. In 
the vortex of Montjoie, A Man of Success; Mammon, The Greed 
of Gold, Foeuillet, Grundy, Coghlan, Willard and Tree, I 
am somewhat mixed in my chronology of titles, authors 
and players. But of one thing I am certain: It is too good 
a play, too strong and positive a play to be masqueraded 
under such a dinky, ditty title as a A Bunch of Violets. It 
is suggestive of "Just Tell Them That You Saw Me," "She 
May Have Seen Better Days," and "The Cat Came Back." 
J * * * 

No matter under what alias this recurrent feline ap- 
pears, it is a staunch old play, and the exceptional work 
of Kelcey, Stockwell, and Sullivan made it a witnessable 
performance despite the inefficienc}' of the women. I 
honestly believe that Stockwell has lived so long and en- 
joyed such abundant health just that he might play Mark 
Murgatroyd. It is the best North of England character 
that I have seen in ages. Dialect, make-up, pose, every- 
thing is tuned to nature. And Nature did a great deal for 
Stockwell in the way of comicality. So much so that he 
does not endure with much exaggeration. His Yorkshire- 
man is a clod, but not a clown; a good natured, self-suffi- 
cient boor, but not a boisterous buffoon — distinctions which 
are not always patent in Stockwell's acting. 

Kelcey does a great deal with Sir Philip Marchant — 
much more than I expected he would do on short notice — 
and he leaves a great deal undone. Sir Philip, the con- 
scienceless schemer, he realizes; Sir Philip, the father, he 
does not. He appreciates and gives full significance to 
the rascal's grim wit, his cynical hypocrisy, and the rich 
satire in his speech to the Sons of Toil. He makes nothing 
of the father's love for his child, the pent strength of his 
one natural impulse. 

There is a difference of a letter and a smile between 
Dickens' Carker and Harker, Sir Philip's secretary, a 
quiet part wealthy with dramatic silence, and overdrawn 
only in making the man too much of a menial. It gives 
Sullivan the first fair chance that he has had during the 
engagement. And he uses it to the limit. 

I don't know what sort of a dialect Effie Shannon gives 
Mrs. Murgatroyd. It is that languid speech common to 
the adventuress of all countries, full of chromatics, forti- 
mentos, and ahs! ralentando. Miss Shannon makes a lit- 
tle of it last longer than any lady villain virtuoso I have 
ever heard. As for little sister Shannon, she rings clearer 
as a hungry French maid than as the conventional British 
daughter. Perhaps it is the author's fault. It's a dead 

Miss Oliver more than realizes Lady Marchant's exas- 
perating placidity. It is the only believable person she 
has given us since the season opened. J don't like the 
sons of toil. They make a very unspontaneous mob. Even 
Mr. Beach's deep-mouthed Swartz does not fill them 
with the proper wild disdain for riches and luxury. I'll 

wager they are millionaires in disguise. 

* * * 

No one can find fault with the title of Martha Morton's 
comedv. Its story is fittingly told in three little words — 
His Wife's Father. 

Since man's wife first had a mother, the world has 
suffered not only from the mother-in-law, but from the 
mother-in-law joke. By actual count there have been 
100,392 plays written wherein this Nemesis of matrimony 
is the leading comedy figure. The mother-in-law 
gags which have appeared in the jocular papers of 
this country alone are in excess of three to each living 
subject. Think of it: 3x60,000,000! And yet, in a land 
bulging with Twains, Nyes, Billings, and Boks, there was 
not a funny man among us all to think of the father-in-law 
as a thing of humor and a joke forever. As the warm 
comfort of mother-in-law, or even wife, has been denied 
me, I have had uninterrupted time to compile the forego- 
ing statistics. A married man knows but one mother-in- 
law, and that's his own. "There's only one mother-in- 
law in this world for me," is the burden of every man's 

As I said before, not one among us to find father-in-law 
and his possibilities. "We were all too busy, perhaps, 
standing off a mother-in-law — or else contracting one. So 
Miss Martha Morton — young as the hills, fair as the moon, 
and all that sort of thing — picks up a copy of the Fliegende 
Blatter, sees a picture of an old gentleman with a rosette 
of gray whisker on each cheek, bullying a young couple. 
"Father-in-law! " cries Miss Morton; "I have found you 
at last! " And, in less time than it takes to write a book 
of sonnets, she had labeled him Buchanan Billings, and 
worked him into a play for Crane. 

Crane is the most amusing comedian in the country for 
the middle classes. Butchers, bakers, candlestick makers, 
policemen, and Methodists will travel miles to watch him 
heroize a middle-aged tradesman. Billing's muffin-shaped 
whisker fitted Crane like a relation; so did father-in-law's 
store clothes. Then Miss Morton put in a fruit-stand lady 
to marry him in the last act and make him feel at home, 
and everybody was happy. Thus the latest Martha Mor- 
ton comedy was given to the world. 

* * * 

Frank Worthing is the husband in this funny little play. 
He strengthens a rather weak role by the force of his 
vivid personality. Worthing has magnetism of the best 
sort; and, whether he is laughing or weeping, loving or 
hating, kissing or kicking, he has the audience with him. 
His grain is tine, and his art the truest of the true. 

Blanche Bates has been giving us a little surprise party 
every week or so lately. She plays the wife — the girl who 
loves her husband, but loves her papa, too. Her difficulty 
lies between these diverse affections. And she handles the 
situation amazingly well. The part bristles with oppor- 
tunity for over-pose and hysterical outbursts. A season 
ago Miss Bates would have gone head first into these pit- 
falls. Now she avoids them tactfully. Her work is straight- 
forward, sincere, and telling. 

Harry Corson Clarke plays father-in-law. I do not like 
him as much as I do hubby — in truth, I could not go Crane 
himself to half that extent. Clarke is, essentially, a farce 
comedian. He has humorous legs and a property funny- 
walk. From the usual standpoint, it is good acting. But 
it is too usual to command attention when one considers 
the monopoly of chances Miss Morton has given the role — 
too usual to accepted comedy ideas and too usual to Clarke. 

Leslie and Power, the treble and bass of Frawley's men, 
make easy work of inconsequent characters. The infusion 
of new actorial blood in the Frawiey Company is having 
great effect on the pioneers. Hope Ross goes up seven 
pegs with Kitty. 

Wilson Enos is in danger of becoming popular. He plays 
a stage servant, with several hundred entrances, without 
making him a bore. 

* * * 

While the alterations at the Orpheum are by no means 
complete, enough has been done to add greatly to the at- 
tractiveness of the house. The most important feature to 
the patrons is the arrangements that have been made for 
emptying the house in case of fire. Exits have been added 
and the front enlarged until now means are provided that 
the house can be cleared of the largest crowds in less than 
three minutes. When the exits by the way of the new 
Wein Stube are added, the time will be reduced to less 
than two minutes. The wonderful work of the Great Fred- 
ericks Troupe has attracted the attention of every one. 

July 4, 1896. 


ilwn i'iiibi Abroad, one of Sardou's successes, will be the 
play in which Stock well's company of players appear at 
the California next week. The cast will include the best 
members of the company. Herbert Keloey will appear in 
bis original role of the younp artist, wlucli he presented, 
as a member of the Lyceum Theatre Company, when the 

f)lay was first put on some BeasoOS back. This will be the 
ast week of Kelcey, and, with his departure, come two 
celebrities. Frederick Warde and Rose Coghlan, who are 
to appear with StockwelTs company in a dramatized ver- 
sion of ' '.lrm. ,». 

1 i rand opera, new people (some of them famous), now 
costumes, new scenery, new director (Gustav Hinriehs) at 
the Tivoli next week. Lucia opens Monday night with 
Louise Natale in the title. Fernando Michaelena as Ed^ardo, 
Maurice de Vries as Ashton. and Abramhoff as Norman. 
Gounod's Romeo "»'/ Juliet will have its initial performance 
in San Francisco on Wednesday with Xina Bertini Humph- 
reys in the title-role. Anna Russell will sing Stephauo. The 
Tivoli promises to give the great operas on a scale sur- 
passing alt previous efforts. 

London Atturance will be given at the Columbia next 
week with the full strength of the Frawley Company. 
Maxine Elliott is to play Lady Gray Spanker. It is almost 
a decade since Boucicault's famous comedy has been played 
in San Francisco, and its revival by Frawley should be a 
big success. 

The Park Theatre, formerly known as the Grove-street 
Theatre, has been leased and re-opened by Wm. E. Johns. 
Dan McCarthy and the Park stock company are playing 
Tin Rambler From Claire, 

Big Tyrone Power, of the Frawley Company, is one of 
the few actors in the world who has played in private be- 
fore Her Majesty the Queen of England. 



WE are glad to see a man of such sterling qualities and 
business ability as Henry P. Umbsen selected to fill 
the responsible position of Grand Marshal for our Fourth 
of July celebration to-day. Mr. Umbsen, together with 

Henry P. Umbsen. 

his brother G. H., composes the firm of G. H. Umbsen & 
Co., real estate and house agents, and is one of the most 
popular of our younger business men. He is a Native Son 
and has the support of that powerful and patriotic organ- 
ization, and it is owing to this fact that the parade on this 
great and glorious oeeasion will prove such an unqualified 
success. We hope that in future business men will see fit 
to follow Mr. Umbsen's example. The solid people of the 
community like to see affairs governed by an enterprising 
business man instead of a politician, and that is why re- 
newed interest will be taken in to-day's celebration and 
the popular Grand Marshal who leads it. 

WHen you 
Buy a Wheel 


Buy one with a ukvv- 
tation— one tltut won ' 1 

break down when you're 
ten miles from home. 

Don't lean to "fads"; 
thevure not substantial. 
been on the market live 
years We guarantee it 
for one year, and also 
guarantee oUH tibes for the same period. Replacements made at our 
office in San Franc I80O. The STERLING costs $!00. If you want to 
know more about it, send for our art catalogue, mailed free to any address, 
and you will buy the 


Address STERLING CYCLE WORKS, 314 Post St., S. F., Cal. 

Wm. V. Bryan, Manager Pacific Coast Branch. 

G|;r ■ TL -t- al. hayman & Co., (Incorporated) 

alitornia I heatre. proprietors 

Next week, Monday, July 6th. As the fourth production of the 
present season, L. R Stockwell's Company of players will pre 
sent the original comedy in three acts entitled 


Written for the Lyceum Theatre by Victorien Sardou, and pro- 
duced with great success. 

Monday. July 13th: Frederick Warde, Rose Coghlan, and L. R. 
Stockwell's Company of players in a grand dramatized version 

Gl l ' TL _L The " Gem" Theatre Qf the Coast. 

OlUmDlcl I heaXre- Friedlander, Gottlob&Co., Lessees 
and Managers. 
Sixth week of the great success of THE FRAWLEY COM- 
PANY, Commencing Monday, July 6th. The acme of all great 


By Dion Boucicault. The most charming comedy ever written. 
Every memtnr of the company in the cast. Again new and ele- 
gant costumes ; elaborate stage settings. 

Mrs. Ernestine Krelino. 

Proprietor and Manager 
Monday evening, July 6th Opening grand opera season, under 
the direction of M. Gustave Hinrichs. Repertoire first week: 
Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday evenings, Doni- 
zetti's favorite opera, 

LUGIA (In Italian). 
Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday evenings, Gounod's tragic 

ROMEO AND cJULIET {In English) . 
First time In this city. Great casts; correct costumes; appro- 
priate accessories. 
Popular Prices 25c and50o 

1 San Francisco's Greatest Music Hall. O'FarreU 

rp RG U m . street, between Stockton and Powell streets. 

Week commencing Monday, July 6ch. A great bill of novelties. 


The greatest monkey imitators in the world. Collins & Collins, 
The Rossow Midgets, the great Fredericks Troupe, the Four 
Maisanos. Lillian Western, acd a great vaudeville company. 
Matinee Prices: Parquet, any seat, 26c; balcony any seat, 10c; 
children, 10c, any part 

Reserved Seats, 25c : Balcony. 10c. ; Opera chairs and box 
seats, 50c Matinees Wednesdays, Saturdays and Sundays. 

Tivoli Opera Mouse. 


1206 Sutter St., S. F. 

X CO.. 

The Model 



Telephone 2388 


For Young Men 
and Boys. 
3300 Washington Street. 

Prepares for college and university; 
accredited school with University of 
California and Leland Stanford Jr. Uni- 
versity. Christmas season opens 

Monday, August 3. 1896. 

DR. E. B. SPALDING - ■ Rector. 

nR RIPDRn'Q RESTORATIVE PILLS.— Buy none but the genn- 
UT\. v\\\j\JT\U O ine— A specific for Exhausted Vitality, Physical 
Debility, Wasted Forces. Approved by the Aoademy of Medicine, Paris, 
and the medical celebrities. Agents for California and the Pacific States. 
J. Q. STEELE & CO., 635 Market street (Palace Hotel), San Francisco. 
Sent by mail or express anywhere. 

PRICES REDUCED— Box of 50 pills, «1 25; of 100 pills, J2; of 200 pills, 
13 50; of 400 pills, 88; Preparatory Pills, *2. Send for circular. 


July 4, 1896. 

SOME of the facetious friends of the venerable and pop- 
ular pastor, Reverend Horatio Stebbins, are telling a 
good story on him, but, as it is a parrot story, no one will 
more than half believe it, notwithstanding the affidavits 
which are said to accompany it. 

As the story goes, he was recently visiting a member of 
his congregation who has a remarkably versatile poll par- 
rot, with a repertoire that a professional entertainer 
would be proud of. During the early part of the visit he 
slept peacefully, with his head under bis wing, but finally 
straightened up, blinked his eyes, fluffed up his feathers, 
flapped his wings a time or two, and started in to sing the 
old hymn: " Oh, You Must be a Lover of the Lord." 

" Oh, you must — " croaked the bird, and then came to a 
stop, humped up his shoulders, fluffed out his feathers, 
re-arranged them again with his beak, and croaked again: 

" Oh, you must — " 

He made three or four trials at it before he finally 
worked up enthusiasm enough to sing the two first lines. 
All the while Dr. Stebbins sat lost in wonder at the re- 
markable intelligence of the bird, but, when it had finished 
its singing, he exclaimed enthusiastically: 

"Nicepolly; good bird. Polly sings hymns. Nice bird!" 

The parrot appeared startled at first, and then angry, 
and, with a vicious snap of its bill, screamed: 

" Shut up! You make me tired! Go to h — 1! " 

A young man well known in commercial circles, but who 
mingles very little in society, was introduced to one of the 
most charming members of the local Pour Hundred at 
Santa Cruz last summer. They met again for the second 
time on Market street last Saturday evening. His face 
seemed familiar, though she could not recall the circum- 
stance of their meeting, so she smiled and bowed. He had 
not the slightest recollection of ever having seen her be- 
fore, but was ready for what he believed was merely a 
flirtation, so he lifted his hat and joined her. He observed 
that she flushed with embarrassment, but ascribed her con- 
fusion to the sudden realization of her naughtiness in flirt- 
ing. The bold tone of his conversation soon convinced her 
that he was ignorant of the fact that they had met before. 

He asked permission to see her safely home, and she 
consented with a determination to humiliate him. They 
rode up Sutter street to one of the pretty residences near 
Van Ness. He knew who lived there, and instantly real- 
ized the awkward mistake be had made, but while he was 
still engaged in a mental struggle to frame an apology, 
she smiled and said in a confused way: 

"I'm so sorry— really— but I can't ask you in. I'm sure 
1 don't know what you will think, but I'm only — only the 
cook here." 

"Oh, don't mention it. I'm only a waiter in a Kearny 
street coffee house." 

Each is still wondering just how much the other knows. 

* * * 

District Attorney Barnes had a photographer at his 
home the other day taking flash-light views of the interior. 
When General Barnes dropped in a few minutes later, to 
visit his son's family, he found the smoke from the chem- 
icals used in making the flash so thick that he could hardly 
see who it was that greeted him. He stumbled through 
the front hall growling: 

"I wish Will would quit smoking those confounded cigar- 
ettes. They'll kill him yet." 

* * * 

"Pardon me, gentlemen," said Joseph Tobin, as he 
stepped up to a group of acquaintances in a corridor of 
the City Hall. "Anything private about this conver- 

"Oh, no," replied one of them, "get right in." 
'Don't want to hear it, then," said Joe, as he hurried 

Judge Hawley, of the United States Circuit Court, re- 
lated recently from the bench a good story at the expense 
of a distinguished lawyer and United States Senator, 
whose name wasnot mentioned. This prominent member 
i. of the bar was very absent-minded at times. One morn- 
ing he was on his way to court in a great hurry, and, hap- 
pening to overtake a friend, remaiked: "I dressed in such 
haste this morning that I forgot my watch." A little fur- 
ther on he said: "I wonder if I have time to go back and 
get it," and. as he spoke, he pulled out the watch from 
his pocket. "No, I have not time," he concluded, after 
consulting the dial, and he walked on. Nearing the court 
house, he hired a messenger to go for the watch, paying 
him a dollar for the service. The messenger returned 
with the information that the time-piece could not be 
found, whereupon the lawyer exclaimed, looking up from 
his books and papers: "That is very strange!" Then he 
took a swift glance at his watch, and said: "It makes no 
difference, anyhow. I can do without it. The Judge is 
late, and there is plenty of time." And he paid the mes- 
senger another dollar. 

* * * 

Though Homer Davenport has made a national reputa- 
tion as a caricaturist since he went East a few months 
ago, he has lost none of his love for well-bred chickens that 
came to him when he was shelling corn on his father's 
ranch, near Silverton, Oregon. 

A short time ago he was sitting on the floor of the Sen- 
ate with Senator Morgan, while he made a sketch of him. 
A reporter was interviewing the Senator at the same 
time. Suddenly the crow of a rooster was heard, and, 
dropping his pencil and sketch book, Davenport dashed 
through the crowd that surrounded the doors of the 
Senate and filled the lobby, till he found a big colored man 
carrying a coop of chickens into the Senate restaurant. 

" Is that man crazy " asked the Senator, as he stared in 
amazement at the lanky form of the artist disappearing in 
the crowd. 

" No, he just heard a chicken crow." 

" In a few moments Davenport returned, breathless and 
filled with disgust. 

"Huh! " he grunted contemptuously, as he picked up 
his sketch book and pencil and resumed his sketching: 

" Shanghai." 

* # * 

" I fix dot fellow Broterick, you see," exclaimed Mayor 
Sutro gleefully, as he rubbed his hands and gloated over 
the prospective fixing. 

" Seleries vas due next Vednesday, und I haf to audit 
Broterick's selery varrant. I'll go tode gountry Monday, 
und he can't draw his selery till I get back. Von't dot 
tickle de poys vot haf had deir selery varrants hung up by 
him ? By shimminy, dot vill be a great choke." 

The Mayor chuckled, and Secretary Rogers smiled. 

" Und, by de vay, Rochers, draw my selery and deposit 
it in de bank right avay so dot it will draw interest." 

The Mayor went up into Napa County Monday, still 
chuckling over his joke on Auditor Broderick. Wednesday 
morning he found a telegram from his Secretary awaiting 
him. It read: 

" Broderick won't give me your demand, or mine either, 
till he gets his." 

The joke had kicked backward, and the Mayor caught 
the next train back to San Francisco to sign Broderick's 


* * * 

There is joy in the Country Club, for Fred Webster, that 
gallant knight errant of the gun, has defeated the crack 
shots of England at Hurlingham, the national pigeon 
shooting rendezvous. Mr. Webster killed twenty-two 
birds straight at thirty yards rise, winning the prize of 
five hundred pounds sterling. When Fred comes back to 
the green pastures, and gentle slopes, and murmuring 
streams of the Marin County Arcadia, he will be received 
with a grand ovation. 

* * * 

Sam Tucker, the Grace Church basso, was in the middle 

of a solo during the services last Sunday, when an elderly 

member of the congregation, with a pair of boots that 

squeaked like a rusty wheelbarrow, walked down the 

I aisle. Of course the solo and the squeak could not do 

July 4. i89«- 


bnrincM tarnioiiiou>.ly under one roof, though both were 


ir friend 
Br Mlh a bald I 
that train jhm! down ti |ueaklos bI 

i to any one who would 
hit him with an . 

"Why," replied the young man, "tlmt was my father," 
and Sam thought for a moment that the axe tiad fallen on 


* « • 

They were the best of friends before that tttc-&-tttt at the 
;per reception -on Pacific Heights a few nights ago, 
but they are no longer on speaking terms. She declares 
that he was impertinent— almost Insulting— and' beyond 
that declaration she will not go. He asseverates most 
solemnly that it was all a trifling misunderstanding such 
as often arises in the most natural way during au ordinary 
conversation, and in self-defense he offers the following ex- 

They were discussing the bicycle craze, when she an- 
nounced her intention of purchasing a wheel. 

"But you will not wear rational dress," he suggested, 
as he glanced at her slender figure rather dubiously. 

"Why not'.' she asked. "I have a perfect right " 

"Yes?" he interrupted with a sudden show of interest, 
"And what is the left like?" 

* * * 

Willis Polk flattered Professor Holden, of the Lick Ob- 
servatory, with a visit recently. He discussed astronomy 
as learnedly as he did architecture, and the Professor was 
charmed. The conversation drifted around to an aurora 
borealis that Willis had once seen in Tennessee. 

''By the way, do you know the cause of that phenome- 
non ? " inquired the Professor. 

i: Well — er — I did know, but I have forgotten," declared 

"That's too bad. Really it is," remarked Professor 
Holden, with a sorrowful shake of the head. " The only 
man who ever knew the cause of the aurora borealis has 
forgotten it." 

* * * 

From a quiet, sociable, sensible game, whist has grown 
into a mania. There are men of apparently sound mind in 
this city, who would as soon think of going abroad without 
a hat as without a pack of cards in their coat-tail pocket. 
They creep away to quiet corners, spread out the cards, 
and wrestle with problems. For example, there is Judge 
Dangerfield. The Judge, not content with spending all his 
vacation at the game, actually plays it by correspondence. 
Alas, for the uncertain pedro and the good old whiskey 
poker. They are voted vulgar nowadays; while that big 
snob, whist, in its shiny hat and dress clothes, stalks 

* * * 

The usual " distinguished foreigner " of our summer re- 
sorts seems this year to be conspicuous by his absence. 
Now that the Hobart sisters are out of the market and 
Miss Virginia Fair is a denizen of the East, the bait of 
wealthy heiresses for impecunious nobility is not so strong 
as of yore, apparently. 

* * * 

Harry Stetson is said to have had a bad half hour after 
that picture of the paternal came out in an evening paper. 
'Tis said a kind-hearted matron tried to smooth his ruffled 
plumes by telling him Clay was easy to mold, but it didn't 

William E. Gladstone, the Grand Old Man, has been recom- 
mended by the leading physicians of England to take three glasses of 
Keystone Monogram Whiskey daily to brace up his system. This is 
a great recommendation, and one which Sherwood & Sherwood, the _ 
agents, are very proud of. Our leading politicians, artists, and busi- 
ness men endorse it, and the brand will be found in nearly every 
club and private house. 

" Fair are tlie flowers and the children, but their subtle sugges- 
tion is fairer." So sang Richard Realf, the poet. He, doubtless, was 
thinking of the beautiful flowers to be seen in Charles M. Leopold's 
store, on Post street. Mr. Leopold exhibits great taste in his selec- 
tions, and only the finest blossoms and plants will be found there. 
Table decorations a specialty. 

Good Appetite 

Is restored and the disordered 
Stomach and Liver Invigorated by taking a 
small wineglassfal, before meals, of the cele- 


• • • ■ x aaoasa 

Giuj street Improvement Go., 

Rooms, 11 and 45, Fifth Floor, Mills Building. 
Telephone, Main 5377. 
Sacramento Office, 411 d St. 


H Dotahd. C. B. Stone. T. B. Bishop, J, W. McDonald, 
W. E. Dennison. J. W. McDonald, President; W. E. Dennison, 
Secretary; Col. J. H. Mendell, Corps of Engineers. U. S. A., (Retired) 
Consulting Engineer. 

Proprietors Santa Cruz, Cal., and King City, Monterey Co. 


Contractors for all kinds of street work, bridges, and rail- 
way cons'ruction. wharves, jetties, and sea walls. 

W.~fl." RAMSlyT 

Successor to 


Merchant ^ Tailor 
121 Montgomery Street, 

Opposite Occidental Hotel. 

AUSTRALIAN SALT BUSH, WHplextfemibaccatwn.) 

The Forage Plant for Alkali Soils. 

The tens of thousands of acres of alkali lands in California may be made 
productive and profitable by planting Salt Bush. 
For further information, address 

... r. nF - nr . Seedsmen and Nurserymen. 
TRUMBULL & BEE.BE, 419 and 4-31 Sansome street, S. F 

Pacific Towel Company. ^-Wm™. 

Furnishes olean Towels at the following low rates: Clean hand 
towels each week, $1 per month ; 12 clean hand towels each week; 
jl 50 per month; 4 clean roller towels each week, $1, 6 months 
6 clean roller towels each week, $1 25 per month 


"Gold Seal" 

The Best Made. 


Excellent Quality. 

" Gonquerer " 

Fine Quality. 

" Elk" 

Good Quality. 

Pioneer " 

Medium Quality. 

ftnvil " 

Fair Quality. 


Cotton Hose. 

Neptune " 

Cotton Hose, 

Rubber-Lined COTTON Hose 

GOODYEAR RUBBER CO., K - %? c E e A # r E . 

577 and 579 MARKET ST., S. P. 

Eureka" Brand, Best Quality. 


■Pres. and Manager 


July 4, 1896. 

Mining shares went to wreck and ruin 

The Situation on Pine street during the past week, 

On Pine Street, and, strange to say, members of the 

Stock Exchanges were instrumental in 
bringing about the trouble. A few short weeks ago the 
market was in imminent danger of dissolution complete 
and final. A strike of ore was made on the Brunswick 
and a revival took place, enhancing values to a degree 
which put a number of dealers on velvet. It would be only 
natural to suppose that some degree of good feeling would 
have been created by the sudden change in circumstances 
for the better. This would have been the case in any 
other community but San Francisco. But here, no sooner 
did the prospect arise that somebody might make more 
money than another, than the nihilistic element arose and 
began to pull down the entire edifice, even though it should 
bury them in the ruins. Tooth and nail have they worked 
to undermine the position of the progressive party, and no 
means was too low to belittle the prospects of the new 
find. Stocks were pooled by this clique for the purpose of 
hurling batches on the market at weak intervals in a well 
organized movement to uncover margins and utilize there- 
by the shares of outside dealers to still further increase 
the general demoralization. This clique of small, dis- 
gruntled habitues of Pine street received not a little sup- 
port from brokers in both boards, who sold their cus- 
tomers stocks which they openly derided as wild-cats. 
The people of San Francisco who patronize the stock 
market should bear this in mind for the future, that the 
worst enemies they have are to be found among the men 
who advertize to do a commission business on the floor of 
the Stock Exchanges. They will not travel far on Pine 
street, within the precincts of the craft, to meet men of 
this class, who not only depend upon the public for sub- 
sistence, but who are connected with cliques and cabals 
tireless and unceasing in the work of wrecking the busi- 
ness which furnishes them an excuse for dubbing them- 
selves stock brokers. They are no more to be compared 
to the old school of brokers who built up the business in 
days gone by, than a Patagonian is fitted to sit in the 
House of Representatives. A broker is supposed to exe- 
cute his orders on the floor for his customers, without in- 
terference in matters which do not concern him. That was 
here, once upon a time, and is elsewhere a rule ever strictly 
observed. Now, however, the local representatives of a 
time-honored fraternity constitute themselves judge and 
jury to condemn their wares, at no time more loudly than 
when their offices are loaded down with margin stocks. 

Fortunately in this case there is 
enough merit behind the market, 
through the Chollar development, 
to pull prices up again eventually. 
One could almost feel like wishing there was not, and 
saving the decent men in the business, that a dead rot 
would set in which would crumble the mortar in the big 
Pine-street building until it collapsed, leaving an ungainly 
pile to commemorate the disgraceful ending of a magnifi- 
cent business, ruined by malice and greed. A few good 
men would have proved the salvation of Sodom and Gomor- 
rah, and there is just enough of the leaven of decency left 
on Pine street to prove a redeeming trait. It is to this 
small band that the outside operator must look for relief. 
Not a few dealers should have learned during the present 
crisis the calibre of their broker. If he never has a good 
word for the shares he sells you, drop him and take your 
trade to another shop, where the proprietor, even if he 
cannot speak favorably of an investment, has at least the 
good sense to say nothing. In no other profession does the 
old proverb, "a close mouth shows a wise head," apply 
more forcibly than to that of the stock broker. Chollar 
alone saved the market last week from going to sheer 
destruction. In spite of the outrageous and unwarranted 
statements made about failure on the Brunswick location, 
it held its own in good style, the men who believed in it 
backing it up with all the coin they could rake up. The 
game is not ended by any means, and the turn in the tide 

Merit Alone 
Supports the Market. 

is close at hand. The next reaction will not likely be so 
short-lived as the last upheaval. The margin sales have 
been heavy of late, and all the weaker operators have been 
sold out. With a few exceptions all the long stock is now 
strongly held, and by people who have learned the value 
of bear talk on the part of brokers. Like a two-edged 
sword it cuts both ways, and a possibility exists that it 
may have the effect of a boomerang on some of them. 

Colonel James M. Brazell is back again in 
The Pioneer town looking as hale and hearty as ever, 

Battle Ended, despite a residence of weeks in Boston. 
He evidently found something there to 
thrive upon as well as "culchaw." On second thought, 
however, it does seem that the promoter of the Pioneer 
has acquired some of the studied grace of the Bostonese, 
but this may be only fancy. At any rate, he returns to 
the West flushed with victory, the arms of both contin- 
gents in the strife over the Pioneer having been stacked 
away in the garret. The Brazell side won out, and, in 
future, everything will be smooth sailing, leaving the ulti- 
mate location of the mine to General Hugh McDonnell with 
Providence on the side. The stockholders will, possibly, 
find in the long run that the tale about played-out ore 
bodies and some other little discrepancies of thought and 
reason were simplj' so much campaign literature, which 
made them sick for a time. The Pioneer is another in- 
stance of " All is well that ends well." 

Mr. DwightM. Crittenden is in town again 

A Wanderer after a prolonged absence in foreign 

Home Again, climes. Mr. Crittenden has not favored 

many of his old-time friends with a visit. 

Possibly affairs of state have kept him too fully employed 

for the time being. There is still room on the Pacific Coast 

for men like Crittenden if he could see it in that light. 

Colonel W. J. Sutherland has left for 

The Holmes As Nevada on a flying visit to Candelaria. 

a Silver Producer. Should silver climb again to the dollar 
mark, as it is hoped it will in the near 
future, the old Homes Mine will again blossom forth in all 
its pristine glory. It has an immense wealth of the white 
metal stored up in its miles of underground workings, none 
of the many thousands of tons of $20 ore having been con- 
sidered worth extracting in the palmy days of the past, 
when it paid out millions in dividends. It is one of the 
most reliable producing properties of the kind on earth, if 
silver was worth enough to pay for its extraction. 

A correspondent reads between the lines 

The Jumper of an article on the Jumper mine of Tuol- 

Looming Up. umne County which appeared in this col- 
umn some weeks ago, to discover a reflec- 
tion upon the merits of the property. Nothing of the kind 
was intended. There is no denying the high prospective 
value of the Jumper ground or that the present showing 
is phenomenal. Reference was, however, made to an in- 
flated rumor that it was to be bonded abroad for a million, 
and at that figure, considering the present stage of de- 
velopment, we would draw the line, even considering its 
contiguity to the far-famed Rawhide. As a mine, the 
Jumper will undoubtedly shine in the future, with the adja- 
cent ground, the New Era; but a million dollars is just a 
little too steep for the present showing in either claim. It 
now turns out that the mine is not even up for sale, al- 
though a good round price was refused for the lead loca- 
tions. It is understood, however, that Mr. W. P. Miller, 
the prominent mining engineer, has recently reported 
on the mine for the wealthy owners in Great Britain, 
and possibly the visit of this expert to the ground may 
have had much to do with starting the rumor. As Mr. 
Miller is now paying a professional visit to mines in newly 
discovered bonanza districts near Mohave, the News Let- 
ter has not been able to straighten the warp out in the 
evidently much tangled up reports about the future of 
these properties, but an attempt will be made to do so 
upon the return of this gentleman from his Southern trip. 
The idea we intended to convey by the remarks under 
criticism was that a mine must stand upon its own legs in 
point of merit and not depend upon the reputation of a 
wealthy neighbor. There is nothing wrong about that, un- 
less a person turns his spectacles upside down when he 
reads. There are fifty mines lying within as many miles of 
the Utica which all claim recognition on account of a 
questionable proximity to Colonel Hayward's bonanza. 

July 4. 1896. 



' Heir the Crier:" "Wb»t the devil art thou)" 
Onethal wlllplaj Ihedotll. air, with you." 

WHAT the press of this city most needs is a tew un- 
known correspondents — just a few reporters who will 
go to State and national conventions and keep in mind 
that they are sent there to gel the news and wire it. The 
instant a reporter is permitted to sign his name to his 
matter he becomes as self-conscious as a girl in white read- 
ing a graduating essay, and feels that his first duty is to 
his great self. As the terrors of the Chicago convention 
approach the longing for reporters instead of correspond- 
ents — correspondents who know that the eyes of the earth 
are upon them — rises to a mad passion. Give us. oh Lord, 

some plain rep But no; the .Lord has abandoned the 

newspapers to the devil 

IT was really a godsend to the Examiner when the South- 
ern Pacific withdrew the subsidy of $1,000 a month. 
This left it free to whoop things up anent the Funding bill, 
and that must be a relief to it. since it preserves a cow- 
ardly sileuce about silver and every other issue upon 
which its subscribers are divided in opinion. The Exam- 
iner is a fraud and knows it, but as it is money in its 
pocket to keep as many other people as possible from 
knowing it, it deafens the ears of mankind with its bark- 
ing at the railroad — the one objectwhich it feels at liberty 
to attack without fear of losing nickels. When the South- 
ern Pacific wants a rest the Buckley of the Dailies will 
stop barking fast enough. 

THAT was a good, hard smash which Father Yorke 
landed on the wind of the Rev. Dr. Dille when he said 
that "a Methodist pulpit is filled to-day by a preacher 
whom the San Francisco papers accuse of a heinous crime, 
and who walks the streets a free man because his very 
trial would disgrace the city and pollute the public mind." 
This means the Rev. Colburn, who was arrested in Golden 
Gate Park for an offense that cannot be named. Father 
Yorke is right. So long as the Methodists can stand 
Colburn nobody ought to be expected to stand criticism 
from any Methodist preacher. No gentleman can afford 
to be alone with one of them. 

PROFESSOR Jordan has been sent to Alaska by the 
Government on a scientific expedition. Whether or 
not he has taken Professor Griggs along, we don't know. 
Professor Griggs is Miss Anna Shaw's Ideal Man, the hap- 
less Bunthorne of all the young and yearning suffragists. 
Alaska would have the double advantage for Professor 
Griggs of being remote, and a good place to cool off in. 
Professor Jordan was young himself once, and if he has left 
the beautiful Griggs behind he has neglected the highest 
interest of Stanford University. 

THE prize-fighting at the Pavilion has caused some of 
the brethren to lift up their heads and deprecate the 
same as highly immoral. And so it was. Yet the brethren 
need to have it said to them that the virtuous protesting 
should be left to the laity. After all, we must remember 
that a hundred Corbetts and a hundred Sharkeys fighting 
together in one ring every night for a year would not be 
so demoralizing as a single Brown scandal. 

ONE of the grand merits of Holy Writ is that it 
prophetically shadows forth everything that occurs. 
When Abraham led his son Isaac up the mountain to offer 
him as a slight tribute unto the Lord, he was really show- 
ing in a symbolic way what the Republican newspapers, 
heretofore crazy on silver, would do when McKinley was 
nominated on a gold platform. And the Lord hasn't in- 
terfered this time to prevent the appalling sacrifice. 

TWO Italians were made one blood and bone at sea by 
a captain and a lawyer last Suuday. Judging by the 
number of divorces, the Almighty is sick and tired of mar- 
riage as cemented by the ministers, and is willing to let the 
lawyers and the Devil try to make them binding. 

THE Reverend George F. Hall came all the way from 
Illinois to tell Californians that the Bible is the best 
and greatest of all publications. Is it possible that this 
holy man has never heard of the News Letter? 

THAT discretion does not always accompany years is 
made clear by the action of the ironclad irrepressi- 
bles composing the American Wo n - Libera] League, 

wIm> lately passed Of teen resolutions condemning J. Richard 
Freud. Why this was done i.- not clear to us, the only 
criminal 0ffen8e that gentleman is guilty of being the in- 
decent exposure he makes of his middle name. Besides, 
what woman has ever been known to live up to her resolu- 
tions ? 

Til K Examiner's 1 pages are full of the mugs 
01 that lowest of vermin— the blatherskite pugs; 
The size of their hips and the strength of their thews 
Is considered an item of wonderful news. 
It. would not be fair this vile journal to blame. 
Cod knows 'tis a stranger to virtue or shame : 
And so we must hope that its owner, the Devil, 
Will move it to hell, and wilt so stop the evil. 

SIGNOR Rolando Amontillado Luchesi, whose musical 
ravings over the name of "A Sharp" have right- 
eously earned him the reputation of being a flat, is at pres- 
ent fighting the Italian Philharmonic Society with that 
natural organ — his tongue. The Professor's knowledge of 
music is as limited as ours of the Professor. For this 
reason our criticism will now cease, and, if the Professor 
is wise, he will do likewise. 

IT is to be hoped that the Nettie R. Craven Fair comedy 
will be thoroughly sifted, and the fair claimant receive 
either her just reward or her merited punishment. Widows 
are as dangerous to-day as they were in the days of Sam 
Weller. The Town Crier, being a man of unlimited 
wealth (chiefly brass), is in mortal fear of being victimized 
himself, and wants the courts to settle the matter for once 
and all time. 

THE Reverend Dr. Dille is felicitous in saying the wrong 
word at the right time. His brain is smaller than his 
mouth, and the matter that comes out of it has more vol- 
ume than meaning. His last sermon against the foreigners 
resident in this country proclaims him to be several kinds 
of an ass at once. Does this reverend man forget that to 
decency and shame he is a foreigner himself ? 

JIM Corbett's excuses for his defeat are all twaddle. He 
says, for instance, that French dinners are hardly the 
thing to train on. When a man who has had the honor of 
being a pugilist for a number of years falls back upon such 
paltry small talk, it is a sure sign that he is physically, 
mentally, and morally no good. 

HALOS are being polished up in Democratic circles, 
and a general odor of sanctity is prevalent among the 
saints. Sam Rainey intends starting a new club, to be 
called "The Toll Gate," where Chris. Buckley will deliver 
lectures, from behind a curtain, on purity in politics. 

FOOR dear Mattie Overman-Brown says that, when she 
is rested, she will become a reporter. It is not quite 
apparent what this modest bird has done to tire herself, 
but how comes it that she has so low an idea of the press? 
Probably the Examiner has made her an offer. 

JUDGING by the daily papers, the late James G. Fair 
must have had mighty poor taste in his selection of 
feminine beauty. Although Mrs. Craven has not sued 
them for criminal libel, it is to be hoped that she is not 
quite as bad as they make her out to be. 
TL DENTIST, who doubtless had administered gas to 
jfX many a patient, committed suicide last week by the 
same method. He is the one physician we know of who 
had the courage to heal himself. 

NOW that Supervisor Benjamin has got his much- 
vaunted Japanese leprosy cure, we hope he will try 
it on himself. Should it prove fatal there will still be eleven 
Supervisors too many. 

NOW that Mr. Sutro has returned from the East, he 
will re-commence his weekly ablutions at the Sutro 
Baths. The public cordially invited. Patronize the Sutro 

" T"*\R." Sweany has been doing some heavy advertising 
\J of late. Silence, as far as the daily papers are con- 
cerned, is expensive, but the "Doctor" knows its worth. 
THE folly of the anti-suffrage females is just as bad as 
that of their noisier sisters. The only thing in their 
favor is that there are fewer of them. 



July 4, 1896. 

A Book Mr. Hamilton Wright Mabie is gifted with 
of imagination. He possesses the faculty of 

The Week.* conceiving mind pictures, and he can, too, 
transmit those pictures in well-chosen words 
and good English. With such a gift as this Mr. Hamilton 
Wright Mabie should be a poet, provided, however, he also 
possesses the other gifts of metrical facility and spontane- 
ity. We are not, indeed, aware whether Mr. Mabie ever 
attempted poetry or not, but, judging from his book of 
"Essays on Nature and Culture," we have more than "a 
lingering suspicion " that poetry is his forte, and that he 
would succeed better by mounting the winged steed which 
sprang forth from the neck of Medusa, than he ever will as 
a follower of Pythagoras. Indeed, when in the twenty- 
eighth essay, this author writes about poetry, he proves 
his claim to poetic inspiration, and there is a sensuous im- 
pressiveness running through this essay which reminds us, 
in a small way, of Lafcadio Hearn. For instance, Mr. 
Mabie says: 

" The poets felt the rhythnrc element in Nature in those far-off 
beginnings of time when the myth-makers told their stories. The 
flow of rivers, the procession of stars, the antiphony of day and night, 
the silent but inviolate order of seasons, made the earliest men of ob- 
servation and imagination aware of a rhythm to which all natural 
movements were set. Every kind of action betrays a melodic ten- 
dency, and there are days when one seems to bear the whole world 
become audible, like some great epic poem recited by winds and 
waves. The tinkle of the mountain brook, sounding all manner of 
clear fresh notes, sings in the ear that has learned to distinguish the 
different tones, and has become familiar with a gamut of sounds 
wholly alien from human vocalization or mechanism, and yet full of 
a penetrating melodic quality." 

This is very nice in its way, but, after all, does not be- 
tray the hidden well-springs of poetry more than it does 
the force and descriptive power of prose. It is " pretty," 
but it is not vigorous, and, like the remainder of the essay, 
it appears to us like the writings of a man who had mis- 
taken his vocation, one in whom the poetic fire is smothered 
by vain attempts to write an epic in prose. And this 
fact is apparent in other essays of Mr. Mabie's, as well as 
in the one we have quoted, for we find it in "The Poetic 
Interruption" and in " The Discovery of the Imagination," 
in each of which the germinal genius of the poet forces it- 
self into recognition. In one place the author tells us that: 

"To the senses, by observation alone, the world might have seemed 
a great piece of mechanism ; to the imagination it was a great living 
organism— flooded with life, charged with energy, fecund, reproduc- 
tive, creative. So vital was it, in the vision of those old-time children, 
that every wood and stream was peopled with beings after their own 
kind; in every sea was a beautiful race akin to the wave, the storm, 
and the light; in every forest a race allied to the ancient solitude, 
the sacred silence, the wooded duskiness and myster}'." 

This, no doubt, is more mythological than poetical, but 
we have the same weird, dreamy, fanciful imagination run- 
ning through it all. And yet Mr. Mabie is not deficient as 
a writer of prose, and the careful student of these essays 
will find brilliancy, thought, and knowledge in every one of 
them, They are short, pithy, and versatile. When he 
confines himself to the emotions, however, he is at his best, 
but he fails when he attempts to wrestle with ambitious 
subjects. His writing is good, but it lacks force; he has a 
large vocabulary, but that alone is not enough for those 
whose philosophy aspires to clip an eagle's wing. He is 
fluent, but yet it appears to us as if he was writing on 
topics for which he had no great sympathy, and that he 
was battling against his natural inclination. As a philos- 
opher he is a failure. It is here, indeed, that he has made 
the greatest of his mistakes. And philosophy, iu some 
form, runs through many of his interesting and well written 
essays. Sometimes it is the philosophy of the ancients; 
sometimes that of the moderns, for he covers the ground 
both in Mental and Natural Philosophy of all ages. He 
jumps from the pythagorean, the platonic, the skeptic, 
and the epicurean to the sensational philosophy of Locke, 
the idealist philosophy of Hume, and the transcendental 

philosophy of Kant down to the evolutionary philos- 
ophy of Spencer. In fact, he covers too much ground, and 
to accept all his views and opinions would be to attribute 
to him a genius as rare as it is transcendent. But Mr. 
Mabie has written an interesting book, and, if he has tried 
to do too much, he has at least succeeded in proving his 
claim to be placed among the few American authors from 
whom we have reason to expect great things in the 

*" Essays on Nature and Culture." by Mr. Hamilton Wright Mabie. 
Dodd, Mead & Co For sale at Doxey's. 

In order to know India one must read more authors than 
Kipling. In fact, Kipling's India is only a part of India, 
the India of "Tommy Atkins" and the English occupation. 
Then there is the India of Mrs. Steel, the India of the 
Hindoo and the Mohammedan races, who have undergone 
no radical changes under the British masters, an India 
more romantic than Kipling's and one that is handled with 
much imaginative and pathetic power. One more India is 
the India of Mrs. Everard Cotes, which is also the India of 
British occupation, but it is the India of the Civil Service 
into which she married. This last India is well illustrated 
in "His Honor and a Lady," which has just been published 
by D. Appleton & Co. 

A writer in the Sun says that Mrs. Humphrey Ward re- 
ceived $8,000 for the serial rightof "Sir George Tressady," 
now running in the Century Magazine. But this sum is 
relatively small. Scott got $40,000 for "Woodstock," and 
Moore got $16,000 for "Lalla Fcookh." Then, on the other 
hand, Mrs. Humphrey Ward got $20,000 for the American 
serial rights of "Marcella," and, itis believed, more for the 
English rights; while for the serial rights of "Sir George 
Tressady" she will probably get $50,000 or $60,000 from 
England and America. Mrs. Humphrey Ward again re- 
ceived about $200,000 for her three novels, "David Grieve," 
"Marcella," and "Robert Elsmere." 

"A Modern Argonaut," by Leela B. Davis, is a story of 
California, laid amidst the familiar scenes of "the Coast." 
It is a story in which the dialogue is, not unfrequently, 
well sustained, the descriptions good, and the badinage 
sportive and playful. There is a weakness in the plot, and 
the characters are not always refined in language or bear- 
ing, but the men aDd women in the book are flesh and 
blood, and if the story does not please us in all its details, 
yet we put it away with a belief that the author can do 
better. The Whitaker & Ray Co., San Francisco. 

The Dial completed its twentieth volume, and the seven- 
teenth year of its existence, on June 16th. It has remained 
under the same editorial management during the whole of 
this time, and its position in the world of critical literary 
journals is well-established and well deserved. Although 
published in Chicago, it is, and has been, a record of Amer- 
ican literary activity irrespective of locality, and its pages 
are always a welcome addition to our Library Table. We 
wish the Dial "many happy returns of the day." 

Richard Henry Stoddard, the eminent literary critic, 
advises Stephen Crane to "stop writing for a year or two 
and devote himself to the hardest kind of study of the Eng- 
lish language and literature," and if he does Mr. Stoddard 
thinks that he "may win an enviable place in literature." 
As it is, however, his place is beside Rider Haggard, and 
Mr. Crane no doubt aspires to something better than that. 

Probably the most important article in the July number 
of The Forum is by M. Paul Leroy-Beaulieu, the distin- 
guished French political economist. He frankly discusses 
the political situation iu the United States, as it presents 
itself to Europeans, and points out clearly and unmistak- 
ably the disastrous consequences to the United States that 




FROM AND AFTER JULY 1, 1896, tbe Spring VaUej 
Water Works proposes to undertake the delivery of 
water at such wharves in this city as are supplied with 
its hydrants. Written applications for water are lobe 
made at the water office, which the Harbor Commis- 
sioners propose to erect on the sea wall, between How- 
ard and Mission streets. Ships lying in the stream will 
be informed at the above office, at the time of making 
such applications, from what hydrants their water- 
boats will hesupplied. 

REASONABLE NOTICE must be given mail eases, 
and applications will be tilled at the earliest convenience 
between the hours of 7 a. M. and 5 P. M. daily, Sundays 
and holidays excepted, unless specially contracted 
otherwise, By order of the Board of Directors. 

PELHAM W. AMES, Secretary. 

July 4. 1896. 



. in November of 
' the stngli 
■j affliction," be 
tti centuri ill tlii- eon- 

npt tin- 
blunder of chaining itself to the silver standard, while not 
only all Europe, but the immense empire of Russia, "in- 
half ' on the eve of adopting the sing 
A wry timely ami valuable paper. 

In tietion. the July number of Scribner's Magazine is made 

notable by one of the last short stories of the late II II. 

00 With Kate." [1 
charming love story of an ocean voyage. There is also a 
short story of the American Revolution by Clinton Rosa, 
entitled - The Confession of Colonel Sylvester." Mr. Ross 
has made a study of this period for the purposes of tietion. 
T. R.Sullivan, the author of 'Day and Night Stories," 
contributes a finely wrought tale of an old French sculptor 
and his young friend, an American artist. It is artistically 
illustrated by Walter Gav and Albert Sterner. Many de- 
lightful poems also appear in this number. 

A writer in the St. Louis Mirror savs that Miss Ina 
Coolbrith's poetry has the 'indefinable touch of Shelley, 
the breadth of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, the swing and ripple 
of Swinburne's rhythm, and often, from this singer in the 
hedges and groves of the Western slope, comes a rift of 
melody learned from Tennyson." Really, this is high 
praise for a Californian poet, and we are glad to know 
that she deserves it. 

Mr. John Morley, in a review written by him on Mr. 
Lecky's "Democracy and Liberty," admits that democracy 
has its dangers and weaknesses, but he says that Mr. 
Lecky's indictment against democracy is really an indict- 
ment against the great universal movement in the whole 
field of social, moral, and even spiritual life. Mr. Morley 
finds Mr. Lecky's picture too gloomy. 

Charles P. Lummis, the brilliant editor of the "Land of 
Sunshine," has written a letter to the Critic, in which he 
says that by midsummer the "Landmarks Club" of Cali- 
fornia will have spent about $1,500 in restoring the Mission 
at San Juan Capistrano. In September, he says, the club 
hopes to be able to turn its attention to a second Mission — 
probably San Fernando. 

The Pall Mall Magazine continues to make great efforts 
to hold its place as the leading illustrated magazine in 
England. The number for July contains a fairly written 
story by the proprietor, William Waldorf Astor, and con- 
tributions from Sir Walter Besant, Charles Dilke, and 

Alden's Living Topics Magazine and Cyclopaedia comes 
to us bound in book form, with its useful and up-to-date 
contents. It is compact, convenient, and cheap, and, as a 
book of reference on subjects of the hour, it cannot fail to 
interest the busy men of the world. 

The "Confederate Soldier in the Civil War " is an ency- 
clopaedic collection of documents, narratives, battle re- 
ports, biographies, and anecdotes, which contain m uch of 
the crude material of history, and make some amusing 
reading as well. 

The Young Duchess of Marlborough has revived an old 
custom, mentioned in Thackeray's novels — that of having 
a black servant carry her prayer books to church. The 
young Nubian servant is a picturesque sight. 

Mr. Gladstone usually has three books in reading at the 
same time, and he changes from one to the other as he con- 
siders that his mind has reached the limit of absorption. 

The best $1 dinner in thia city can be enjoyed at Swain's Bakery, 
213 Sutter street, between the hours of 5 and 8 p. m. Travelers from 
all over the world have pronounced the cooking as absolutely ex- 
cellent. This table d'hote dinner is a new institution but has already 
proved a great success, and is extensively patronized by ladies with 
or without escorts. Next time you are down town step in and try 
the dinner yourself. 

Life is ■well worth living after all if you only go the right way 
about it. The Argonaut brand of whiskey will dispel all sorrow 
from out your life and will make you feel ten years younger in a 
week. B. Martin & Co., 411 Market street, are the agents for this 
famous brand, and the recommendations in their possession from 
leading men in this city speak well for its power. 

i ^L^^_-„ .... 


MablUwd Dorchutcr, Man,, itso. 

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Made at 


The German Savings and Loan Society. 
For the half year ending with June 30th, 1896, a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of four and twenty-six one hundredths (4 26-100) per cent 
per annum on Term Deposits, and three and fifty-five one hundredths 
(3 55-100) per cent, per annum on Ordinary Deposits, free of taxes, payable 
on and after Wednesday, July 1, 1896. GEO. TOTJRNY, Secretary. 
Office— 526 California street. 


Savings and Loan Society. 
For the half year ending June 30, 1896. a dividend has been declared at the 
rate of four and thirty-two one-hundredths (4 32-100) per cent, per annum on 
term deposits and three and sixty one hundredths {3 60 100) per cent, per 
annum on ordinary deposits, free of taxes, payable on and afte. Wednes- 
day, July l, 1896. Dividends not called for are added to and bear the 
same rate of dividend as the principal, from and after July 1, 1896. 

Office— 101 Montgomery street, corner Sutter, San Francisco. Cal. 


Mutual Savings Bank of San Francisco. 

For the half year ending with June 30, 1896, a dividend has been declared 
at the rate of four (4) per cent, per annum on term deposits, and three and 
one-third (3M) per cent, per annum on ordinary deposits, free of taxes, 
payable on and after Wednesday, July 1, 1896. 

Office— 33 Post street. San Francisco, Cal. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 


San Francisco Savings Union. 

For tne half year ending with the 30th of June, 1896, a dividend has 
been declared at the rate per annum of four and thirty-two one-hundredths 
(4 32-100) per cent on term deposits and three and sixty one-hundredths 
(3 6U-100) per cent on ordinary deposits, free of taxes, payable on and after 
Wednesday, the 1st of July, 1896. 

Office— 532 California street, cor. Webb LOVELL WHITE, Cashier. 


Security Savings Bank. 
Dividends on Term Deposits at the rate of four and thirty-two one-hun- 
dredths (4 32-100) per cent per annum, and on Ordinary Deposits at the rate 
of three and six-tenths (3 6-10) per cent per annum for the half year ending 
June 30, 1896, will be payable free of taxes on and after July 1, 1896 

S L. ABBOT JR., Secretary. 
Office: 222 Montg mery street, Mills Building. San Francisoo 


Hibernia Savings and Loan Society. 
Office of one Hibernia Savings and Loan Society, corner Market, McAllis- 
ter, and Jones streets, San Francisco, June 29, 1896. At a regular meeting 
of the Board of Directors of this Society, held this day, a dividend has been 
declared at the rate of three and three-quarters {3%) per cent, per annum 
on all deposits for the six months ending June 30, 1896, free from all taxes, 
and payable on and after July 1, 1896. ROBERT J. TOBIN. Secretary. 

Dr. F. G. PAGUE, 


Rooms 4 and 5, Academy of Sciences Building, 

819 Market street 


'409V4 Post St., San Francisco. 


United States Laundry, 

Office; 1004 Market St., near Baldwin Telephone, South 4-2-0. 

Weak flen and Women 

Should use DAMIANA BIT- 
TERS, the great Mexican rem- 
edy ; It gives health and strength to the Sexual Organs. Depot at 323 Mar- 
ket street. San Francisco. (Send for circular.) 



July 4, 1896. 

>ROM what the girls 
say, it would appear 
that Del Monte is the only place of all the swagger outing 
resorts that is not affected to any great degree by the 
absence of the male gender. There is a breezy, free-and- 
easy swing among the girls there which makes them soci- 
ably inclined, free from the stiff stand-offishness which is 
the result of a fashionable crowd. But when the tide comes 
in (of men, not water), look out for your breakers. Won't 
these same dear friends be ready to fight for the posses- 
sion of the best man? Oh no! Guess not! Of course, one 
can understand why the best society beaux prefer Del 
Monte to any other resort. The human form divine can be 
shown off to good advantage in the surf, and the delightful 
drives in the vicinit}' of the hotel cannot be equaled. There 
are so many amusements going on for the pleasure of the 
guests that they hardly know where to turn. That is why 


flocks here as swallows return home after the 

Mrs. Henry Scott's arrival at B'lingham has been the 
occasion of a spurt of gaiety, several luncheons on the club 
house balcony and dinners at her own cottage on the slope 
having been given by that very energetic and hospitable 
lady. The fact of Mrs. Walter Hobart being of domestic 
taste has had a more or less subduing influence upon the 
circle at this swagger spot, and Charley Baldwin's electing 
to go in double harness has put four-in-hand coaching in 
the background. The death of General Dimond has, of 
course, had its effect on the festive doings of the Joe 
Tobins, so, take it altogether, it must be said that even 
Burlingame has been touched by the prevailing atmosphere 
of dullness so noted everywhere the past month. Society 
folks are hoping that the Fourth of July fireworks at least 
may put a little life into things generally, but the real 
truth is, the men who do the society act of partners at 
cotillions and chit-chat at teas during the winter, cannot, 
as a rule, afford either the time or the money for summer 
outings at fashionable hostelries. Even the army beaux 
have not been available so far. 

* * # 

If rumor speaks by the card, one of our legal lights him- 
self will leave a lively time behind him when he passes in 
his checks, and the courts may have knotty, as well as 
naughty, questions to determine. How truly the Immortal 
Bard wrote for all time when he said, "The evil that men 
do lives after them." Surely our dead and gone rich men 
of any note have left much that was unsavory behind them, 
and of those not yet passed on what possibilities there are! 

* * * 

The approaching wedding of Mrs. Minnie Mansfield Wood 
and Lieutenant Coffin has not been a surprise to Presidio- 
ites, who have long prophesied a happy ending of the gal- 
lant officer's wooing, and both he and his prospective bride 
are warmly congratulated by scores of friends. 

* * * 

Apropos of the Presidio, 'tis said that when Miss Amy 
Requa takes her place in the army circle there as the 
bride of Captain Long, she will by long odds (no pun in- 
tended) be the cynosure of that delightful post. Young, 
rich, and accomplished, she will be in a position to take 
the lead in social matters, as youth, beauty, and wealth 
are entitled to do. 

* * * 

A regular howl has gone up from the girlies at the trans- 
fer of Lieutenant Joyce from the Presidio to West Point. 
No more cozy teas in bachelor quarters ; no more lovely 
dances with this popular beau ; but such is the fate of army 
boys — here to-day and away to-morrow. Wilcox seems to 
have switched off from seasoned blossoms to verdant buds, 
keeping his hand in during vacation, perhaps. Well, it all 

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Paraffine Paint Company. 

The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Paraffine Paint 
Company will be held at the office of the company, No. 116 Battery street, 
San Francisco, Cal., on 

WEDNESDAY, the 15th DAY OF JULY. 1896, 
atthehourof l:30o'clockp.M., for the election of a Board of Directors to 
serve for the ensuing year and the transaction of such other business as 
may come before the meeting. Transfer books will close on Saturday, 
July 11. 1896, at 1 o'clock p. M. E. S. SHAINWALD, Secretary. 

Office— No. Battery st reet, San Francisco, Cal. 

Overman Sliver Mining Company. 
The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Overman Silver 
Mining Company will be held at the ofnoe of the company, 414 California 
street, San Francisco. Cal., on 

at the hour of 1 o'clock p m. , for the purpose of electing a Board of Directors 
to sei ve for the ensuing year, and for the transaction of such other business 
as may come before the meeting. Transfer books will close on Tuesday, 
June 11, 1896, at 3 o'clock P. M. GEO. D. EDWARDS. Secretary. 


Best & Belcher Mining Co. 
The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Best & Bel- 
cher Mining Company will be held at the office of the company, room 33, 
Nevada Block. 309 Montgomery street, San Francisco, Cal., on 

at the hour of 1 o'clock p. m., for the purpose of electing a Board of Direc- 
tors to serve for the ensuing year, and the transaction ot such other busi- 
ness as may come before the meeting. Transfer books will close on Thurs- 
day, the 9th day of July, 1896 at 3 o'clock p. M _.__ _ 

" M. JAFFE, Secretary. 
Office— Room 33, Nevada Block, 309 Montgo mery St., S. F„ Cal. 


524 Sacrame nto St., S F. 

Imperial Hair Regenerator 

If you value your hair. use only the Imperial Hair Re 
generator, to make GRAY HAIR its natural color, or 
BLEACHKD HAfR any color desired. Baths do not 
affect it. Neither does curling or crimping. Incom- 
parable for the BEARD on account of its durability 
and cleanliness. 

No. 1. B'ack; 2, Dark Brown: 3, Medium 
Brown; 4, Chestnut: 5, Light Chestnut; 
6, Gold Blonde; 7, Drabor BlondeCendree. 

PRICE, $1.50 and $3. 

Imperial Gtiemical MtQ. Co. 

292 Fifth Ave., New York. 
For sale by all druggists and hair dressers. 

July 4, 1896 



DEAR EDITH: Shol silks ipular as ever, 

and the most beautiful effects Imaginable are obtaii 
by combining three distinct gether Instead of two. 

These are called "chameleon" silks, and they appear to 
be almost iridescent. They make particularly handsome 
mantles, and are to be seen both in the form of lony; cloaks 
and also as chic iittle capes, in various colorings. They 
are made in dark colors as well as in pale shades, and 
thouu'h they are very effective, they are really much 
quieter than self-colored silks, for in the distance they ap- 
pear to be almost of a neutral tint of color, and it is only 
when near to them that their full beauty is appreciated. 

Chine broche silks are very much used for sunshades, 
and these are in some respects more desirable than the 
plain shot silks, for they are less likely to soil, and very 
handsome effects can be obtained, even in dark colors, such 
as navy blue and drab, with blurred designs of pink roses 
and leaves. These are mostly left untrimmed, so they are 
particularly recommended for using with tailor-made cos- 

It is likely that by the time that heavy cold-weather fab- 
rics are again seasonable we shall see a still greater change 
in the contour of sleeves. Just now the airy summer tex- 
tiles make the full puffed styles almost a necessity, and the 
models for the moment are a compromise between the ex- 
tremes of the old-fashioned light unadorned variety and 
the huge balloon monstrosities, which, however, never be- 
came as wholly inflated in Paris as with us. The present 
shapes are really prettier and more becoming than any- 
thing we have had in years, and the choice is almost un- 
limited as to the style of arranging the upper portion of 
the sleeve. Three frills, plain or lined, with colored silk or 
satin instead of a puff at the top, are very pretty in silks 
and light wools, and the bell puff, with nearly all the full- 
ness above the elbow, is another favored model. Some of 
the transparent gowns have sleeves of alternate Huguenot 
puffing and lace insertion covering the arm to the shoulder, 
where there are pointed jabot draperies edged with knife- 
plaited frills or lace. Tulle fichus with short butterfly 
shoulder puffs are worn on airy evening toilets made up 
over Liberty satin. 

Very pretty beach and mountain dresses are made of 
dark-blue etamine canvas or mohair, with blouse waist and 
revers of embroidered grass linen in openwork designs. 
Cuffs and sailor collars are added to many of these cos- 
tumes. The fancy for collars, plastrons, and other acces- 
sories of ecru or flax-colored linen grows rapidly, and 
almost every day some novelty of this kind appears. 

There are many beautiful tints of green among the sum- 
mer dress fabrics, and pink is charmingly combined with 
these dyes. It is a question yet to be solved how these 
delicate dyes will resist the onslaught of the American 
laundress, but there is no doubt that the shades are all 
particularly restful to the eye in midsummer, and as charm- 
ing as they are restful. 

One of the latest novelties for hats is a broad bow com- 
posed, say, of narrow rose pink velvet ribbons and lace 
insertion, which is tied round the crown and fastens in a 
large bow at the back. Toques are very wide and glorious 
with azure velvets and tinsel : sometimes a sable tail, some- 
times a white osprey, will enhance their elegance. The 
parti-colored aigrettes are quite the newest thing in mil- 
linery, which for the present is a perfect jumble of colors 
and things. Belinda. 

"Seavey's" have an immense stock of hats, flowers, feHthers, rib- 
hons, etc.. and are selling everything in millinery lower than any 
other house in this city, 1382 Market street. 

The Finest banquet hall in the city is that of the Maison Riche. 
The accommodations for guests are unequaled, and the cooking has 
been pronounced most excellent. 

The Prettiest things in gents' furnishing goods at John W. 
Carmany's, 25 Kearny street. Special line of ladies' shirts. 

Use Richardson & Robbins' canned and potted meats for picnics. 


*'* ifr 





fa See Daily Papers for Particulars. 







MURPHY BUILDING, Market and Jones Sts., San Francisco. 

203 to 207 N Spring St. bet. Temple and First St., Los Angeles, Cal. 



Bergez's Restaurant, Academy Building, 333-334 Pine street. Booms for 
ladies and families, private entrance. John Bergez, Proprietor. 

Bay State Oyster House. 15 Stockton & 109 O'Parrell. N. M. Adler.Prop. 
Montgomery-St. Coffee and Lunch House. Good coffee and fresh eggs 

a specialty. Cream waffles. 426 Montgomery St. H. H. HJUL, Prop. 
Maison Tortoni, French Rotisserie, 111 O'Farrell street. Private dining 

rooms and banquet hall. S. Constantini, Proprietor. 

Nevada Restaurant, 417 Pine st. Private rooms; meals 50c. LoupyBros 

Poodle Dog Restaurant, S. E. cor. Grant ave. and Bush st. Private 
dining apd banquet rooms. Tel. 429. A. B. Blanco & B. Brum. 


Dr. Thomas L. Hill, 

OFFICE: Odd Fellows' Building, southwest cor. Seventh and Market 
streets. Office hours : 9 A. m. to 5 p. M. Consultation Hours : 4 to 5. 

Dr. R. Cutlar, 818 Sutter street. 

Dr. Hall, 14 McAllister St., near Jones. Diseases of women and children. 

Hawaiian Stamps a specialty. MAKINS & CO 506 Market street. 
Selections on approval: any place in world. W. F. GREANY, 827 Brannan 
The W. H. Hollls Stamp Co., (Incorporated), 105O'Farrell St., S. F. 


Koch & Harney, (Jas. H. Harney, Geo. T. Koch), Job Printers, 648 Sacra- 
mento St. Fine printing and embossing, seals, rubber stamps, stenoils, etc 

Miss Caroline Shlndler, Soprano. Vocal Culture. Hours, 1 to 3, 2416 Clay 

CANDIES.— Don't leave the city without a dox of ROBERTS' Best. 

How to 
Keep Fair 
Beautiful : 


From Tan and Freckles 

By Using 

Shaw's Glycerine Lotion. 

Sold at SHAW'S, 3 Montgomery St. 
and by all Druggists. 


July 4, 1896. 

** '4&" 


Deacon Frisby (impressively)— Young mau, Iwould rather 
be a doorkeeper in the house of the Lord than to dwell in 
the tents of wickedness. 5Toi m Man Well, if your door- 
keeper is anywhere near as important as our janitor, I 
haven't a bit of doubt but what you would. — Puck. 

"That young man stayed till after midnight," began the 
stern parent, with all the acerbity he could command. 
"Yes, papa, answered the silver Senator's daughter. 
"He left me at just L6 minutes to 1." "I — 1 guess he's all 
right, after all." — Cincinnati Enquirer. 

Professor in English (to young man) — How would you 
punctuate the following: "The beautiful girl, for such she 
was, was passing down the street?" Student — 1 think, 
Professor, I would make a dash after the beautiful girl." 
— Woodsocket Reporter. 

Iceman — On the dead, lady, we are selling ice at a loss 
right now. Mks. Wiokwire I believe you. I'm certain 
that the Bfty-pound chunks you leave have suffered a loss 
of from six to eight pounds before I get them. — Indian- 
apolis Journal. 

"Can you cook, dearest?" he asked, in a moment of 
dreamy abandon, "No, and I never intend to learn," she 
BOulfully answered, "Hurling, you make me too happy!" 
he murmured, blissfully. — Detroit Free Press. 

"I told the lady that in order to get a good photograph 
she must forget where she was." "Well?" "She did it so 
thoroughly that she went away without making the re- 
quired deposit." — Boston Transcript. 

"Blykins is the most modest man I ever saw!" said a 
friend of his. "What makes you think so?" "I never yet 
beard him claim that the bicycle he rides is the best on 
the "ket." — Washington Star. 

"Speaking of old soaks," said Asbury Peppers, though 
the subject had not been under discussion at all, 'speaking 
of old soaks, I guess the one Cain gave Abel is about the 
most ancient on record." — Cincinnati Enquirer. 

Brown — I see that the lawyers in a recent case wanted 
to have a violin played in court as part of the evidence. 
JONES— Yes, a juryman nowadays can't tell what he's go- 
ing to run up against. — Puck. 

"You are the first girl 1 ever loved," he sighed. "Well 
— never mind," she replied. "1 don't care about that. 
The point with me is, am I the last girl you are ever going 
to love?" — Harper's Bazar. 

"Dr. Sixthly is trying to abolish big hats in church." 
"Yes; he says when the women wear such enormous hats 
he can't detect the men who slip out before the sermon." 
— Detroit Tribune. 

"Biggars is generous, whatever his faults may be." 
1 lenerous? Oh, yes. He'd give away the best and only 
friend he had. "—Indianapolis Journal. 

The Boss — Our party doesn't want untried men in office. 
Applicant— That s all right; but I've been tried twice and 
acquitted on appeal. — Town Topics. 

"Where do you dine to-night?" "I do not dine — and 
you?" "Nor do I." "Very good. Let us dine together." 
— Up to Date. 

Wife — Those roses you bought me are so beautifully 
blown. BRUTE— Yes, I felt that way, too, when I paid 
the bill. — Kansas City World. 

Landlady — What par \ of the turkey will you have, Mr. 
Newboarder? "A little of the outside please." — Life. 

Storage For Valuables. 
During the summer months the CALIFORNIA SAFE DEPOSIT 
AND TRUST COMPANY receives on storage at low rates in its fire 
and burglar-proof vaults silverware, furs and valuable property of 
every description. It also rents steel boxes at from $!> to $150 per 
annum. Conveniences for its patrons are unsurpassed. Office 
hours, 8 to G daily. Corner Montgomery and California Streets. 

Use Richardson & Robbing' canned and potted meats for picnics. 



Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1862. 

Capital Paid Up, 83,000,000. Reserve Fund, $500,000. 

Southeast Cor. Bdsb and Sansome Sts. 

HEAD OFFICE 60 Lombard STREET, London 

branches— Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster, Kamloops, Nan 
iamo, and Nelson, British Columbia; Portland, Oregon; Seattle and Ta 
coma, Washington. 

This Bunk transacts a Goneral Banking Buslnoss. Accounts opened sub- 
ject to Check, and Special Deposits received. Commercial Credits granted 
available In all parts of the world. Approved Bills discounted and ad- 
vances made on good collateral security. Draws direot at current rates 
upon Us Head Office and Branches, and upon its Agents, as follows : 

New YORK— Merchants' Bank of Canada; Chicago— First National Bank; 
Liverpool— North and South Wales Bank; Scotland— British Linen 
Company; Ireland— Bank of Ireland; Mexico— London Bank of Mexico; 
South America— London Bank of Mexico and South America; China and 
Japan— Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China; Australia and 
New Zealand— Bank of Australasia and Commercial Banking Company of 
Sydney, Ld; Demerara and Trinidad (West Indies)— Colonial Bank. 


Capital $3,000,000 00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits (October 1, 1894).. 3.158,139 70 



S. Prentiss Smith.... Ass't Cashier 1 1. F. Moulton 2d Ass't Cashier 


New York— Messrs. Laldlaw & Co.; the Bank of New York, N. B. A. 
Boston— Trcmont National Bank; London— Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & 
Sons; Paris— Messrs. de Rothschild Freres; Virginia City (Nev.)— 
Agency of The Bank of California; Chicago— Union National Bank, and 
Illinois Trust and Savings Bank; Australia and New Zealand— Bank of 
New Zealand; China, Japan, and India— Chartered Bank of India, Austra- 
lia and China; St. Louis— Boatman's Bank. 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world. 

Draws Direct on New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Salt Lake 
Denver, Kansas City, New Orleans. Portland, Or., Los Angeles, and on 
London, Paris, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Frankfort-on-Main, Copenhagen, 
Stookholm,Christiania, Melbourne, Sydney. Auckland, Hongkong, Shang- 
hai, Yokohama, Genoa, and all cities In Italy. 


Corner California and Webb Streets. 

Deposits, Dec. 81, 1895 $24,202,327 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus 1,575,631 

ALBERT MILLER, President | E. B POND, Vice-President 

Directors— Thomas Magee.G. W. Beaver, Philip Barth, Daniel E. Mar- 
tm, W. C. B. De Fromery, George C. Boardman. Robert Watt; Lovell 
White, Cashier. 

Receives Deposits, and Loans only on real estate security. Country 
remittances may be sent by Wells, Fargo & Co., or by check of reliable 
parties, payable in San Francisco, but the responsibility of this Savings 
Bank commences only with the actual receipt of the money. The signature 
of the depositor should accompany the first deposit. No charge is made for 

f>ass-book or entrance fee. Office hours— 9. a. m, to 3 p. m. Saturday even- 


Capital $1 ,000,000 

Successor to Sather & Co., Established 1851, • -n Francisco. 

James K. Wilson President. Albert Miller, Vice-President 

L. I. Cowgill. Cashier. Allen Knight, Secretary. 

Directors— C. S. Benedict, E. A. Bruguiere, F. W.Sumner, Albert Mil 
ler, Wm P. Johnson, V. H. Metcalf, James K. Wilson. 

Agents: New York— J. P Morgan & Co. Boston— National Bank of the 
Commonwealth. Philadelphia— Drexel & Co. Chicago— Continental Na- 
tional Bank. St. Louis— The Mechanics' Bank. Kansas City— First Na- 
tional Bank. London— Brown, Shipley & Co. Paris— Morgan, Harjes & Co 


N. W. Cor. Sansome and Sutter Sts. 

Subscribed Capital $2,500,000 | Paid Up Capital $2,000,000 

Reserve Fund $850,000 

Head Office 58 Old Broad Street, London 

AGENTS— New York— Agenoy of the London, Paris, and American 
Bank Limited, No. 10 Wall Street, N. Y. Paris— Messrs. Lazard, Freres 
& Cle, 17 Boulevard Poissoniere. Draw direct on the principal cities of the 
world. Commercial and Travelers' Credits issued. 


Cor. Market, Montoomeky, and Post Sts. 

Pald-Up Capital 11,000,000. 

WM. H. CROCKER President 

W. E. BROWN Vioe-Prestdent 

GEO. W. KLINE Cashier 

Directors— Chas. F. Crocker, E. B. Pond, Hy. J. Crocker, Geo. W. Soott 


N. E. Cor. Pine and Sansome Sts. 

Capital authorized $6,000,000 I Paid Up $1,500,000 

Subsorlbed 3,000,000 | Reserve Fund 700,000 

Head Office— 18 Austin Friars, London, E. C. 

Agents at New York— J. & W. Sellgman & Co., 21 Broad street. 

The Bank transaots a General Banking Business, sells drafts, makes 

telegraphic transfers, and issues letters of credit available throughout the 

world. Sends billp 'nr collection, loans money, buys and sells exchange 

and bullion. IGN. STEINHART 1 M( , n «. ff « Pn 

P. N. LILIENTHAL } Managers 

July 4, 1896. 


[ all the men have bought straw 

\J hats and colored shirts, and the women 
have wasted their patrimony in summer frocks, the 
heavens have opened themselves and poured down torrents 
of water, and the town is afloat. It is very distressing, 
ially for us unfashionable lingerers in town, who look 
to the Park and the roof gardens for our "divarsion," and 
who — melancholy and housed — resent this freak of 

Commander and Mrs. Richardson Clover have taken a 
cottage at Newport for the season. Mrs. Clover, as Miss 
Eudora Miller, was a very popular belle ten years ago in 
San Francisco, when her distinguished father. General 
(and Senator) John F. Miller, was living, and when Mrs. 
Miller's hospitality at Lavergne. their beautiful country 
seat, was proverbial. Mrs. Hermann Oelrichs has opened 
her cottage. Rose Cliff, at Newport, for the summer. 
Mrs. I. \V. Brown has gone to Nantucket for a few weeks. 
Her recently married daughter, Mrs. Hugh Fleming, is at 
Atlantic City. Mrs. Clement Hammond has gone to 
Flushing, and Mrs. W. T. Martin to the same pretty spot. 
Commodore and Mrs. Harry Gillig have sailed for America 
and are expected to arrive to-morrow. Sam Shortridge 
is at the Holland House; Senator Jones is at the same 
establishment. Mrs. Walter Crosby is at the Bruns- 
wick, but as that charming old hostelry will be closed on 
Saturday, all the residents must reluctantly depart. It 
seems really sad that this old hotel is to go, for it has kept 
up its reputation against the inroads of the newer and 
more showy houses that have been built in the neighbor- 
hood of Madison Square. The Victoria, opposite, has been 
closed for several months. ■ The up-town movement has 
had a sad effect upon the hotels of the central part of the 

Mrs. "Teddy" Robinson, nee Ivers, has been in the city 
for a few days on a visit from her Philadelphia home. 
Theodore Wores has just finished a very beautiful pastel 
portrait of Mrs. Snyder, nee Sheda Torbert, who seems to 
grow more beautiful as the years go on. She and her 
sister, Miss Torbert, who have just left off mourning, were 
the guests of honor at a tea given by Mr. Wores on Satur- 
day last. 

Mrs. Gregory McLaughlin, with her children, and 
accompanied by her sister, Miss Grace Cole, has gone to 
the Adirondaeks for two months. Willard Barton has 
been for the last fortnight at Larchmont. 

The younger society men are very much depressed at 
the death yesterday of Lorillard Kip, the son of Colonel 
Lawrence Kip, and grandson of the late Bishop Kip of 
California. Young Kip was a strikingly handsome chap, 
and considered the best dressed young man in New York. 
He was a noted athlete and a prominent club man. His 
death was due to typhoid fever, from which he has been 
prostrated for the last month. 

A death of national interest is that of General 
Gustavus Smith, who was a character in the history of 
this country. He commanded the Southern army after 
"Jo" Johnston was shot at Fair Oaks, and was in com- 
mand at the battle of Seven Pines. He was a distin- 
guished officer of the Mexican war, and was brevetted for 
gallantry. He was acting Captain in the company of 
which Mc.Lellan was Lieutenant. He will be buried by the 
Masons, in which society he attained the thirty-third de- 

Mrs. W. W. Belvin, who has been seriously ill of late, 
will leave in a few days for the Catskills, where she will 
remain until the autumn in the hope of restoring her 

Dr. Malcolm Toland Sime has decided to take his vacation 
now, and has started on his bicycle to New London, where 
he will visit his mother. Like most enthusiastic wheel- 
men, he has adopted the latest fad — the Racycle, which is 
supposed to be the smartest wheel going. 

New York, June 24, 1896. Passe-Partotjt. 

A delicious lunch is served at the Maison Riche and is well 
patronized by ladies during their shopping hours. 



33 Post Street, below Kearny, Mechanics' Institute Building. 

Guaranteed Capital, 81,000.000. Paid-Up Capital, 8300,000. 


JAMES D. PHELAN, President. I S. G. MURPHY, Vioe-President. 

JOHN A. HOOPER, Vice-President. 
Directors— James D. Phelan, L. P. Drexler, John A. Hooper, C. G. 
Hooker, James Mofflt, S. G. Murphy, Frank J. Sullivan, Robert McElroy, 
and Joseph D. Grant. 

Interest paid on Term and Ordinary Deposits. Loans on approved se- 
curities. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Deposits may he sent by postal order, Well, Fargo, & Co., or Exchange 
on City Banks, When opening accounts send signature. 


N. E. Corner Sansome & Sutter Streets. 

Cash Capital and Surplus 86,350,000 

John J. Valentine President I Homer S.King Manager 

H. Wadsworth Cashier 1 F. L. Lipman Assistant Cashier 

N. Y. City, H. B. Parsons, Cashier. | Salt Lake City, J. E. Dooly, Cashier 
Directors— John J. Valentine, Benj. P. Cheney, Oliver Eldridge, Henry 

E. Huntington, Homer S. King, George E. Gray, John J. McCook, Charles 

F. Crocker, Dudley Evans. 


No. 526 California St., S. F. 

Capital actually paid up in Cash, 81,000,000. Reserve Fund 8 715,000 

Deposits, Dec. 31,1895, 830,727,586 59. Guaranteed Capital. .81,200,000 

OFFICERS— President, B. A. Becker; Vice-President, Edward Kruse; 
Second Vice-President, A. C. Heineken; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; As 
sistant Cashier, Wm. Herrmann; Secretary, George Tourny Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller, 

Board of Directors— Edward Kruse, George H. Eggers.O. Shoemann, 
A. C. Heineken, H. Horstmann, B. A. Becker, H. L. Simon, Ign. Steinhart, 
Daniel Meyer, Nic. Van Bergen, Emil Rohte. Attorney, W. S. Goodfellow. 


222 Montgomery St.. Mills Building. 



Wm.Alvord S. L. Abbot. Jr. H.H.Hewlett 

Wm. Babcock O. D. Baldwin E. J. McCutchen. 

Adam Grant W. S, Jones J. B. Lincoln. 


No. 18 Geary Street. 

Incorporated November 24, 1869. 

ADOLPH C. WEBER President 

ERNST BRAND Secretary 



Storage Capacity, 100,000 tons. Regular warehouse for San Franolsco 
Produce Exchange Call Board. 

These warehouses are the largest on the Pacific Coast, and are furnished 
with the latest Improvements for the rapid handling and storing of Grain 
A mill attached, supplied with the best and newest machinery for cleaning 
foul and smutty wheat. 

Money advanced at lowest rates of interest on grain stored in warehouses. 
Insurance effected at lowest rates in first-class companies, or grain sold, 
if desired, at current rates. 

OFFICE— 202 Sansome St., over the Anglo-Call forni a Bank. 


July 4, 1896. 

W KcQEjftl^ 

WHY GRIEVE FOR THE PAST. -cincihhati cnquires. 


HY mcurnfor the hours that have vaaished! 

Why grieve for the things that are lost? 
Why weep for the flowers of summer 

That lie 'neath the cold winter's frost? 
Can we make time stand still or turn backward? 

Or revive the dead rose to the lea? 
We might just as well try as go searching 

For a pearl that is lost in the sea. 

Why cherish a dream that is ended ? 

Why look down the vista of years, 
But to suffer a long buried sorrow, 

To open the wound with new tears? 
It is over; forget it — as useless 

(No matter how anxious we be) 
To try to go back as recover 

A pearl that is lost in the sea! 

Why burden to-day with regretting 

What might have been, had we but known? 
Why long for the much beloved music 

After the singer has flown? 
Will the regrets and the longings 

Avail against Fate's stern decree? 
Ah ! no, for the past and its chances 

Are as pearls that are lost in the sea ! 

Why waste precious moments in thinking 

Of scenes that were beautiful then? 
Why linger o'er graves that hold treasures 

They ne'er will return us again? 
Why wish for our youth and its gladness 

When from sorrow and care we are free? 
When 'tis gone from our grasp, gone forever, 

As a pearl that is lost in the sea ! 

THE HARDEST LOT.— chadmck in poems. 

To look upon the face of a dead friend 
Is hard ; but 'tis not more than we can bear 
If, haply, we can see peace written there, — 

Peace after pain, and welcome so the end, 

Whate'er the past, whatever day may send. 
Yea, and that face a gracious smile may wear, 
If love till death was perfect, sweet, and fair; 

But there is woe from which may God defend; 

To look upon our friendship lying dead, 
While we live on, and eat and drink and sleep,- 

Mere bodies from which all the soul has fled, 
And that dead thing year after year to keep 

Locked in cold silence in its dreamless bed, — 
There must be hell while there is such a deep. 

THE HAUNTS OF THE HALCYON -charles henry luders, poems 

To stand within a gently-gliding boat, 
Urged by a noiseless paddle at the stern, 
Whipping the crystal mirror of the fern 

In fairy bays where water-lilies float; 

To hear your reel's whirr echoed by the throat 
Of a wild mocking-bird, or round some turn 
To chance upon a woodduck's brood that churn 

Swift passage toward their mother's warning note; 

This is to rule a realm that never more 
May aught but restful weariness invade; 

This is to live again the old days o'er, 
When nymph and dryad haunted stream and glade; 
To dream sweet idle dreams of having strayed 

To Arcady, with all its golden lore. 


Long years, beloved, held us far apart; 
A waste of days, the goal beyond her sight, 
We only knew by our firm faith in right, 
That somehow, some day, bringing heart to heart, 
Our ways would meet and never more would part, 
And we would both be happy, bearing light 
To make life's journey for each other bright, 
And knowing balm to heal each burning smart 
But now, oh, joy ! beloved, see the goal; 
Behold the glory of that mountain peak ! 

Ah, sweet, your eyes are lit with happy tears, 
A light is in them laying bare your soul. 
A little while, dear love, and" all we seek 

Will then be ours, to crown the coming years. 


Fire and Marine Insurance Agents, 

309 and 311 Sansome St. 

San Francisco, Cal 


FINDLAY, DURHAM & BRODIE 43 and 46 Threadneedle St., London 

SIMPSON, MACKIRDY & CO 29 South Castle St., Liverpool 



Fireman's Fund 


Capital, $1,000,000. Assets, $3,000,000. 



CHAS. A. LATON, Manager 439 California St., S. F. 
Fire Insurance. 

Founded A. D.°1792. 

Insurance Company, ot North America 


Paid-up Capital S3,000,000 

Surplus to Policy Holders 5,022,016 

JAMES D. BAILEY, General Agent, 412 California St., S. F. 


Capital Paid Up 11,000,000 

Assets 3,192.001 .69 

Surplus to Policy Holders 1,506,409 . 41 

ROBERT DICKSON, Manager 501 Montgomery St. 

BOYD & DICKSON, S. F. Agents, 501 Montgomery St. 

OF AIX LA CHAPELLE, GERMANY. Established 1825 

Capital. 12,250,001 Total Assets, 16,854,653 65 

UNITED STATE EPARTME.'NT : 204 Sansome St., S. F. 

VOSS, CONRAD & CO., General Managers. 


BUTLER & HALDAN, General Agents, 

413 California St., S. F. 



Capital 16,700,000 


No. 316 California St., S. F 


(Established 1875.) 


Imperial Photographic Studio, 

724, 726 and 728 MARKET ST. (1st Floor), 
Bet Kearny street and Grant ave., S. P. 
Carbon Plates a Specialty. Lightning plates for taking Children. 

July 4, 1896. 




FAR up in the silver)- heavens, 
Looking down upon mountain* Ami •«tre«nis. 
When hi? day of triumph approa. . 
The grand, great eagle Mraama, 

And down from the aiure floatetb 

To the hot earth listening. 
>winging adown the breezes. 

A plume from the eagle's wing. 

A rushing hither ami (hither, 

A gleaming of eager qjl 
As the bards and the bardlets jostle 

To grasp the desire*! prize. 

Nought but Ibe eagle's feather, 

Shed from the bird sublime. 
Is suited to poet's uses 

To utter a ringing rhyme. 

Nought but the kingly pinions. 

That has soared over torrent and glen, 

Is fit to awake the emotion 

In the hearts of patriot men. 

There were days of the sounding cannon. 

There were hours of terrible strife. 
When far o'er the steam of battle, 

Where honor outbalanced life, 

The eagle beheld the masses — 

The blue and the sombre gray, 
Charge and waver, and vanquish, 

From dawn to the shut of day. 

There were nights in the silver moonlight, 

When the eagle, looking below, 
Saw, lying like sheafs in the harvest, 

The corses of friend and foe. 

The friends of the flag, and the foemen, 

Careless of sabre and gun, 
Gathered all in by the reaper, 

War and dissension done. 

No marvel then that the pinion, 

Dropped in the eagle's flight, 
Is the only pen for the poet 

To write of the nation's might. 

Then give us a swelling anthem, 

You bards of these later days ; 
Of the land, and the bird we honor, 

An anthem of hope and piaise. 

A poem of hope and loving, 

Of a future devoid of wrong, 
An anthem to live forever, 

A chord in the Nation's song. 
Son Francisco, July 4, 1896. Daniel O'Connei.l. 


OUR illustration this week shows a delightful spot in 
the Presidio, where a military band discourses sweet 
music for the edification of the numerous fair who congre- 
gate there of an afternoon. The cannon-ball borders 
speak eloquently for our nation's strength, especially in 
times of peace. ^. 

GREAT preparations are being made for the Young 
Men's Institute Banquet to be held at the Occidental 
Hotel Cafe on Tuesday evening. One hundred guests will 
participate in the proceedings. The floral decorations for 
the occasion will be furnished by C. M. Leopold, of Post 
street, and will surpass in beauty anything ever attempted 
here before. 

Fifty-seventh Half-Yearly Report 


526 California St., S. F., Cal. 

The Overland Limited, 


The Union Pacific is the only line running vestibuled Pullman 
Double Drawing-room Sleepers and Dining Cars daily. San Fran- 
cisco to Chicago without change. Vestibuled buit'et smoking and 
library cars between Ogden and Chicago. Upholstered Pullman 
Sleepers, San Francisco to Chicago, without change, daily. Steam- 
ship tickets on sale to and from all points in Europe. For tickets 
and sleeping car reservations apply to D. W. Hitchcock, General 
Agent, No. 1 Montgomery street. San Francisco. 

The Press Clipping Bureau, 510 Montgomery street, S. F. reads all 
papers on the Pacific Coast, and supplies dippings on all topics, business 
and personal. 

Sworn Statement 

Or the condition and value of t lie Assets and Liabilities of the German 
Savings and Loan Society, a corporation doing business at No 520 Califor- 
nia street, in the City and County of San Francisco, State of California, 
and when' *;iid assets are situated «m June a i, IW)6. 


1— $2,111,000 Miscellaneous First Mortgage Railroad 
Bonds of East err States and State of 
California, and United States 4 per 
cent, registered Bonds, the value of 
which is $2,216,565 

1.883,250 Miscellaneous Cable and Street Rail- 
way. Water. Light and other Corpora- 
tion First Mortgage bonds, the value of 

which is 1,964,255 

(All of said Bonds are kept in the vaults 
of the Corporation.) 

1,550,000 United States 4 per cent registered and 
Miscellaneous Railroad First Mortgage 
Bonds, the actual value of which is.... 1,673,750 
(These Bonds are kept in a box in the 
vaults of and rented from the New York 
Stock Exchange Safe Deposit Company 
in New York City.) 

85,544,250 $5,853,570 
Standing on the books of the Corporation at $5,644,491 93 

2 — Promissory notes secured by first mortgages on Real Es- 

tate, within this State, the States of Oregon, Washington, 
Nevada and Utah. The actual value of said promissory 
notes is 23,706,732 40 

3 — Miscellaneous Railroad, Cable and Street Railway, and 

other Corporation Bonds and Stock Certificates pledged to 

the Society for the amount of 817,500 00 

(All said Notes, Bonds, and Certificates are held and kept 
by said Corporation in its own vaults). 

4 — Bank building and lot, the value of which is 175,000 00 

5— Other Real Estate situated in the States of California and 

Oregon, the value of which is 581,240 71 

6 — Furniture in the bank office of said Corporation 1,000 00 

7 — Cash in United States Coin and Currency, the actual value 

of which is 1,093,461 60 

Total $32,019,426 64 


1 — To Depositors : Said corporation owes deposits amounting 

to, and the value of which is $30,041,771 32 

2 — To Stockholders: The amount of capital stock, actually 

paid up, the value of which is 1,000,000 00 

The condition of said liability to stockholders is that no 
part of the amount can be paid to them, or in any way be 
withdrawn, except in payment of losses during the exist- 
ence of the corporation, nor until all depositors shall have 
been paid in full the amount of their deposits and accrued 

3 — To Depositors and Stockholders : 

(a) The amount of the reserve fund, the value of which is.. 750,000 00 
Inclu ling the amount of matured but uncollected interest 

on loans and securities. 

(b) The amountortbecootirgentfund, the valued whichis 57,891 26 
The condition of said junds is, that the same have been 

created for the purpose of additional security to depositors 
against losses. 

4 — State, city, and county taxes assessed by the Government 

hut not yet payable 169.764 06 

Total $32,019,426 64 

B. A BECKER. President of the German Savings and Loan Society. 
GEORGE TOURNY. Secretary of the German Savings and Loan Society. 


State of Califor. ia, 
City and County of San Francisco. 

B. A. Becker and George Tourny being each separately duly sworn, 
each for himself says : That said B. A. Becker is President, and that said 
George Tourny is Secretary of the German Savings and Loan Society, the 
corporation above mentioned, and that the foregoing statement is true. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 30th day of June, 1896. 
[Seal]. GEORGE KNOX, Notary Public. 


Those who are troubled with rheumatism and allied pains in 
the back or limbs may receive PERMANENT reliet by a 
speedy, simple, and inexpensive treatment, if they communicate 

" CURATOR,' 553 Mission St., S. F. 


July 4, 1896. 

SAN Francisco is supposed to be a howling wilderness 
this week, and, for all social purposes it undoubtedly 
is, even theatre parties failing to materialize to any ex- 
tent. John Drew's many friends rallied in goodly numbers, 
and gave him an excellent send-off on his last appearance, 
his visit here this time being all too short to please them., 
a sentiment joined in by himself. Every spare moment of 
his time was spent at Burlingame, where he was leted and 
feasted to repletion, and his next coming is already looked 
forward to there. Life at Burlingame has not, as yet, be- 
come very exciting, though the future is big with promise 
once the " Fourth " is a thing of the past. Dinners and 
luncheons at the Club House take place every day. Some 
of the residents in the vicinity are entertaining friends 
from town, while others have as their guests friends of the 
neighboring country. 

Fourth of July dances will be given at all the resorts. At 
San Rafael it will be a part of the tennis tournament fes- 
tivity, which is the great event of that pretty place, and 
will mark its conclusion. The influx of visitors this week 
at the Hotel Rafael has been very large, and now the 
season there may be said to have begun in earnest. There 
are numerous changes in the cottagers of San Rafael and 
Ross Valley this year. Mrs. Dibblee, who has gone abroad 
with her daughter, has rented her cottage to the Henry 
Bothins, who will remain all summer. The A. P. Hotalings 
have taken the J. F. Boyd place. The Crowleys have gone 
East, and their cottage is occupied by Mr. and Mrs. C. E. 
Green, with whom Miss Ella Adams is a guest. The J. F. 
Bigelows are installed in the Donahoe cottage, while the 
Donahoes are at Klamath Springs. The Elliott McAllis- 
ters have the Dodge cottage, the owners preferring 
Bolinas for the summer, where are also the Bradfords, 
who have rented their cottage to the Gordon Blandings. 
The Van Winkles have taken the Fish Cottage, and Mrs. 
Alex. Forbes and her daughters are occupying Mrs. 
Berry's. Among those who are "at home," so to speak, 
are the George Boyds, Henry Sontaggs, Min Tompkins, 
Dennis Donahoe, Jr., Frank Johnsons, Will Babcocks, 
Morrows, and Fechtelers, etc. The McCutcheons have 
arrived in Paris, where they will enjoy life with the Ed. 

The Fourth of July ball at Del Monte will be on a very 
elaborate scale, and will also mark the opening of the fash- 
ionable season at that charming spot. There, also, crowds 
have arrived for the holiday period, many of whom will re- 
main over the fiesta at Monterey next Tuesday, and a 
goodly proportion of our swim will, for several weeks to 
come, enjoy all the pleasures to be found at beautiful Del 

At Castle Crags the holiday will, no doubt, be appropri- 
ately celebrated, though, as yet, no ball has been officially 
announced as on the programme. Among the departures 
thence this week are the Gwins, W. F. Herrins, W. H. 
Mills, F. W. Tallants, etc. 

It appears of late to be the correct thing to have one's 
engagement announced as the invitations to the wedding 
are sent out. Such was the case with Mr. and Mrs. Rich- 
ard Wallace, n(e Harper, last week; and this week follow 
in their footsteps Miss Lillian Watson and Leland Stanford 
Lathrop, whose marriage took place on Thursday after- 
noon at the Goodrich residence on Dwight Way, Berkeley, 
the Reverend Dr. Spaulding officiating. 

In the city the wedding event of the week was the cere- 
monial at the First Unitarian Church, on Tuesday evening, 
when Miss Helen Andros and Professor Hengstler of Berk- 
eley, were the bride and groom. Potted palms and ferns, 
with pink hydrangia blossoms and La France roses, made 
the interior of the church, which was filled with guests, 
appear in a very attractive guise. At the hour of eight 
the strains of the Lohengrin Chorus announced to the ex- 
pectant crowd that the bridal party was at hand. From 

the door to the left of the chancel emerged Messrs. Hubert 
Mee, Clarence Doane, George Whipple, and John S. Mer- 
rill, who officiated as ushers, followed by the four pretty 
bridesmaids, the Misses Gertrude Church, Elizabeth San- 
derson, May Ayres, and Elizabeth Moffatt, who were all 
gowned alike in pink organdie over pink silk, and carried 
bouquets of pink carnations. They proceeded down 
the main aisle, taking up positions on either side, and 
between the rows thus formed passed the rest of the 
party as it came up the aisle from the main door of 
entrance, the maid-of-honor, Miss Blanche Baldwin 
first, who was also robed in pink satin this time, and her 
hand bouquet was of pink poppies. Then appeared the 
lovely bride walking alone, followed by her father and 
mother, Mr. and Mrs. Milton Andros; at the chancel they 
were received by the groom and his best man, Professor 
Corey, and the Rev. Mr. Stebbins at once tied the nuptial 
knot. The bride looked charmingly in her robe of white 
crystal silk trimmed with duchesse lace, sprays of lilies of 
the valley held her vail in place, and her hand bouquet was 
of bride's roses. From the church the bridal party and a 
few friends drove to the University Club, where supper 
was served, and on Wednesday the happy couple departed 
for Lake Tahoe to pass their honeymoon. 

In addition to the church wedding there was an elabor- 
ate home ceremonial at theBlaskower residence, on Pacific 
avenue, on Tuesday evening, when Miss Elsie Cook and 
Henry Levy were united in marriage by the Rev. Dr. 
Voorsanger, in the presence of a large assemblage of 
guests. Green was the dominating hue of the decorations, 
which were very profuse, foliage, flowers and toy balloons 
being used in the adornment of the entire house. The 
bridal robe was of white satin trimmed with point lace, 
and the hand bouquet of lilies of the valley. Miss Bertha 
Sachs, who appeared as maid-of-honor, wore white satin 
trimmed with chiffon. I. Levy supported the groom as 
best man. Mrs. Blaskower, the bride's sister, wore white 
satin, trimmed with pink satin and duchesse lace. Fol- 
lowing the ceremony came congratulations, and then an 
elaborate supper, after which there was dancing for sev- 
eral hours. The presents were very numerous and of 
much value. 

From Fort Mead, S. D., has come the news of a pretty 
army wedding, when Miss Agnes McGregor (who was with 
her father, Colonel McG regor, at the Presidio a few years 
ago) was the bride and Dr. Paul Shillock, of the Army, 
the groom, and the ceremony was performed in the chapel 
at Fort Mead by Archdeacon Ware, of Deadwood. The 
McGregors are still held in kindly remembrance by their 
friends in San Francisco. 

The great society event of next week will be theHobart- 
Baldwin wedding at San Mateo on Tuesday, which is to be 
conducted on the lines of all country weddings — especially 
English — and is looked forward to with gleeful expectancy 
by all who are bidden to the feast. 

Miss Ethel Cohen will accompany the Carrolls on their 
trip to Honolulu, whence they sail next week, and antici- 
pate an absence of sevr-ral weeks. They are all enjoying 
the holiday festivities of San Rafael at present. Mr. and 
Mrs. Dick Pease and Mrs. Beardsley are among this 
month's Alaskan tourists. Mrs. John Stafford has re- 
turned to her husband's post in Wyoming, after a delight- 
ful visit to the C. V. S. Gibbs, on Post street. 

Fred Webster is en route homewards from Europe. 
Mrs. Low and Miss Flora are with us, after an extended 
absence abroad. Webb Howard has returned from his 
visit to the Sandwich Islands. Mrs. Pfuvbe Hearst is 
among the recent arrivals from the East. Mr. and Mrs. 
John Hays Hammond are on their way home from Africa, 
where of a verity their life has been at the least eventful 
for the past six months, and when they arrive in the late 
autumn they may expect a most joyful greeting from their 
friends ; n California. 

Mr. and Mrs. M. H. de Young have again gone to 
Europe, sailing from New York this week. 

Sunburn and Freckles removed by "Cream of Orai ge Blossoms . 
jars, 6O0. Pacific Perfumery Co. San Francisco. 

After dinner try Adams' Pepsin Tutti-FnittiChewing Gum. Yon 
will find it admirable. Indigestion fades before it. 

July .». 1896- 




nfortunnU' for ladies that there are so many 

who, without boasting any practical 

edge of cycling, have no hesitation in taking upon 

themselves tod;- the Mibject. ami to lay clown the 

law as to what lady riders should and should not do. Curi- 
enough, the more influential the journal the more 
misleading is the advice offered. Take, for Instance, the 
following sentence, which has appeared in slightly alt 
form in numerous papers "The saddle should be fixed 
high enough to allow the letr to be fully straightened in 
pedaling.'' It is hardly a matter tor surprise that many 
ladies make but indifferent cyclists, if they are led away 
by such doctrine as this. Need we say that this instruc- 
tion is absolutely erroneous. 

To ride with the saddle as high as this is just as bad. if 
not worse, than having it too low. If the leg has to be 
straightened fully out at each stroke, one's action of neces- 
sity becomes stilted and irregular, and the knee-joint has 
double work put upon it. Not only is this the case, but 
when the reach is so long that the leg has to be extended 
when the pedal is at its lowest, there is always a tendency 
for the rider to stand momentarily on the fallen pedal in 
order to gain a purchase wherewith to begin to push down 
the other one. Such a fault is easily acquired, and is fatal 
to either good style or good riding. 

The correct reach may be defined as one which entails a 
nearly straight leg. There is a marked difference in action 
between a knee-joint which is straightened until the upper 
and lower leg form one continuous line, and a joint which 
is always bent a little, if only very slightly. The rider will 
be quite safe in raising her saddle to any height which will 
not cause the leg when at its longest reach to be fully ex- 
tended. Anything just short of straight will do. Most 
lady riders make a mistake in the opposite direction, and 
cycle with their saddle too low. It is probably this fact 
which has caused the critic with the little, on that account 
proverbially dangerous, knowledge, to rush in and recom- 
mend a position which is altogether too high. We appear, 
pendulum-like, to be liable to swing from one extreme of 
error to the other. It seems a pity that a short cut to 
the happy mean which lies between the two cannot be 

Another critic has taken some pains to compare cycling 
with cricket, football, and hunting, very much to the detri- 
ment, in his estimation, of the first named. 

Why such a comparison should be made it is not very 
easy to see. Cycling, as we conceive it, is in no sense of 
the term a " game." It is a pastime pure and simple, or 
regarded more narrowly still, it may be taken as being 
nothing more than a means of locomotion. As such, it is a 
great convenience, for it enables its votaries to explore the 
country, and while doing so to secure the benefits of fresh 
air and moderate exercise in an agreeable form. 

And then there is the pleasurable sensation which is de- 
rived from the mere action of traveling over the ground 
at a rapid rate, and a certain delight of independence, 
which for some people has a special charm. Cycling does 
not, however, set itself up as a rival to any of our 
national games. It is something altogether new and apart 
from these things. It is a hobby, if you like, but distinctly 
not a game. Cycling's strong point is that it appeals to 
such a vast number of people. It may be taken by way of 
gentle exercise for the weak, and as anything from that 
up to a violent athletic pursuit for the young and robust. 

THE Fourth of July literary exercises will be held at 
the Auditorium at 3 o'clock p. m. The programme 
consists of much excellent matter. 

Before taking your summer outing see John W. Carmany's fur- 
nishing goods, at 25 Kearny street. Large stock of tennis shirts. 

When you are selecting a weddiDg present, go to S. & G. Gump's, 
113 Geary street. They have a magnificent variety to choose from. 

Mothers, be sure and use " Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup " for your 
children while teething 

It is a dainty beverage. Like smooth 
wine, it touches tin- seat of lite with a 
delicacy not to be put into winds. Un- 
like a mere stimulant, it re-creates, 
it contributes something to life, and 
leaves no hunger or thirst. 

And yet it is only tea — dainty, deli- 
cious, delightful tea. 

Schilling^ />W Ideal Blend, $1.25 a 

A SohlllfDg & Com! 
Sari Fr;r 

^P^P ^P^P ^P^P ^P ^^^p ^^^P ^^^P 

I To Ride Easy % 
m wear # 

f "Ball-Bearing"* 

£'.<.! Bicycle Shoes ) 

£.i) Pratt Fasteners Hold Laces. ((.J 

m ^S\P%, m 
§ w^Sl^w t 

§> This Trade-Mark | 

^J is stamped on every Shoe. It J5 

® is a guarantee that you are buying (tip 

#the best bicycle shoe on the market. |i 

#— S. F. Shoe House; E. T. Allen Co ; )%Z 
B KatchinsUi Los Angeles : Stephens (((» 
®&Hickok;E. E. Bai'den. San Diego : F. "Si 
F. Wright & Co. San Bernardino : H. L. {((m 
^«, Peck & Co. Portar.d. Or: E. C. God- "ST 
^jj) dard & Co. ((.<p 

Styllsti Suits.. 

The Most Stylish and Elegant Suits 
Samuel Meyer. B. J. Burr. are made by ...... , 

Successors to 

Burr & Fink. 

B. J. BURR & CO., 


At 224 Sutter Street, North Side, West of Kearny. 

The modern oxygen cure for 

Watson & Co. 

Pacific Coast Agents : 

- 134 MARKET ST. 
Send for circulars. 



July 4, 1896. 


(Pacific System.) 
Trains Leave and are Due to Arrive at 

Leave. \ 

From June 7, 1896. 

I Arrive 

*6:0ua Niles, San Jose, and way stations 8:45 a 
7:00 A Atlantic Express, Ogden and East 8:45 P 
7 :00 A Benlcla, Vacaville, Rumsey, Sac- 
ramento, Oroville, and Redding, 

via Davis 6 :45 P 

7:00 A Martinez, San Ramon, Napa, Cal- 

istoga, and Santa Rosa 6 : 15 p 

8:30a Niles, San Jose, Stockton, lone, 
Sacramento, Marysville and Red 

Bluff 4:15p 

•8:30 A Peters and Milton *7:15P 

9:00a Los Angeles Express, Fresno, 

Santa Barbara and Los Angeles. 4:45 P 

9 :00 A Martinez and Stockton 10 : 15 A 

9: 00 A Vallejo 6 : 15 P 

1:00 p Niles, San Jose and Livermore... 8:45a 

•1:00 p Sacramento River steamers *9:00p 

tl:30P Port Costa and Way Stations.... f7:45P 
4:00 P Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, 
Napa, Calistoga, El Verano and 

Santa Rosa 9 :15 A 

4:00p Benicia, Vacaville, Woodland, 
Knight's Landing, Marysville, 

Oroville, and Sacramento 10 :45 a 

4:30p Niles, San Jose, Livermore and 

Stookton 7 : 15 P 

4:30p Merced, Berenda, Raymond (for 

Yosemite) and Fresno 11:45 A 

6:00p New Orleans Express, Fresno, 
Bakersfleld, Santa Barbara, Los 
Angeles, Deming, El Paso, New 

Orleans, and East 10:15a 

6 :00 p Santa Fe Route, Atlantic Express, 

forMojave and East 10:15A 

5:00 p Vallejo 11 :45 A 

6:00 p European mail, Ogdenand East.. 9:45 A 
6:00 P Haywards, Niles and San Jose... 7:45 a 

p :00 p Vallejo f7 :45 P 

7 :00p Oregon Express, Sacramento, 
Marysville, Redding, Portland, 

Puget Sound and East 10 :45 a 

Santa Cruz Division (Narrow Gauge). 

J7 :45 a SantaCruz Excursion, Santa Cruz 

and principal way stations J8 :05 P 

8:15A Newark, Centerville. San Jose, 
Felton, BoulderCreek, SantaCruz 
and way stations 5:50 P 

•2:15 p Newark. Centerville, San Jose, 
New Almaden, Felton, Boulder 
Creek, Santa Cruz, and principal 
way stations. *11 :20a 

gl:15p Newark, San Jose, Los Gatos Hi :50 a 

Coast Division (Third and Townsend streets). 

6 :45A San Jose and way stations (New 
Almaden Wednesdays only 

J7:30a Sunday Excursion for San Jose. 
Santa Cruz. Pacific Grove and 
Principal Way Stations 

8:15 a San Jose, Tres Plnos, Santa Cruz, 
Pacific Grove, Paso Robles, San 
Luis Obispo, Guadalupe and prin- 
cipal way stations 

J9 :47 A Palo Alto and Way Stations 

10:40 A San Jose and way stations 

11:30 a Palo Alto and way stations 

*2:30p San Mateo, Menlo Park, San Jose, 
Gilroy, Tres Pinos. Santa Cruz, 
Salinas, Monterey. PaciflcGrove ! 

*3:30p San Jose, Pacific Grove and way 

*4 :30 P San Jose and Way Stations 

5:30 p San Jose and principal way 


6 :30 p San Jose and way stations 

fll:45p San Jose and way stations 

18 :35 P 

7:05 p 

tl :30 P 

5:00 P 

3:30 P 

•8:06 A 

6:35 A 

San Lkandro and Haywards Local. 

(•6:00 A! 
8:00 A 

9:00 A 

10:00 A 

ii ! .no a 

8:00 P 

3:00 p 

4:00 P 

5:00 P 

5:30 P 

7:00 P 

8:00 P 

0:00 p 

ttll:15 p 

7:15 A 

/9:45 A 


10:45 A 

Seminary Park, 

11:45 A 


18:45 p 

San Leandro, 

H:45 P 


4:45 p 


5:45 P 

6:15 P 

7:45 p 

i Runs through to Niles. 

8:45 P 

t. From Niles 

9:45 P 

10:50 P 

lttl2:00 p 


From San Francisco— Foot of Market street 
(Slip 8). 

•7:15, 9:00, and 11:00 A. m. ,11:00, *2:00, 13:00, 

•4:00,15:00 and *6:00p. m. 
From Oakland— Foot of Broadway. 

♦6:00,8:00, 10:00 A. M.; J12:00, *1:00, 12:00, 

*3:00, 14:00 *5 :00 p.m. 

a for Morning. p for Atternoon. 

♦Sundays excepted. tSaturdays only. 

tSundays only. 

tt Monday, Thursday, and Saturday nights only. 
3 Saturdays and Sundays for Santa Cruz 
II Sundays and Mondays from Santa Cm z 

The Pacific Transfer Company will call for 
and check baggage from hotels and residences. 
Enquire of Ticket Agents for Time Cards and 
other information. 

PRESCIENCE.— t. b. alorich, in boston qlobb. 

The new moon hung in the sky. 
The sun was low in the west, 
And my betrothed and I 
In the churchyard paused to rest; 
Happy maid and lover, 
Dreaminc the old dream over. 
The light winds wandered by, 

And robins chirped from the nest. 
And lol in the meadow sweet 

Was the grave of a Utile child, 
With a crumbling stone at the feet, 
And the ivy running wild, 
Tangled ivy and clover, 
Folding it over and over ; 
Close to my sweetheart's feet 
Was the little mound up-piled. 

Stricken with nameless fears, 
Sheshrank and clung to me, 
And her eyes were filled with tears. 
For a sorrow I didnotsee; 
Lightly the winds were blowing, 
Softly her tears were flowing- 
Tears for the unknown years, 
And a sorrow that was to be ! 


The scene opens, in this choice little fan- 
tasy, on the ennui of a pretty young woman, 
whose husband, a sea captain, is far across 
the water. The afternoons pass slowly for 
her; she cannot read and tosses on her 
boudoir lounge distressfully. To add to her 
uneasiness a young man across the way has 
had the impudence to send her flowers and 
a note, with a rendezvous for 3 o'clock. In- 
dignation. Pride of conscious strength. 
Admiration. Curiosity. Hesitation. Re- 
morse. Prayers to her husband's portrait. 
Sighs. Wriggles. Pillowtossing. Thought- 

The clock strikes 2. ZutI She starts up 
guiltily, tiptoes across the room, and turns 
Rer husband's picture to the wall. Now she 
is in a tempest of preparation with her street 
toilette. The time is growing short. She 
has her gloves, her hat, her cloak, her muff, 
her veil, her parasol, and stands at the open 
door to give a last apologetic look. Ouch ! 
What is that! Can it be! Ouch! again. 
Certainly a flea is biting her neck. She 
reaches for it! Then the trouble begins. In 
the search for the nimble flea nearly every- 
thing the lady has on is cast aside. At last 
she finds it. But by this time she has re- 
vealed a very roly-poly tenement of clay 
with a center of gravity like a sofa pillow. 
Lingerie is strewn over chairs, tables, sofa 
and floor. She is clad only in very scanty, 
but dainty dimity. The clock isstriking'3. 
Too late! she looks at the flea, first revenge- 
fully, then thoughtfully, then gratefully. 
Hesitatingly she slips across the room and 
turns her husband's portrait to the light. 
Saved— providentially saved, saved by a 
flea ! Curtaio.— The Philistine. 


People do not lack strength; they lack 
will.— Hugo. 

He who seeks the truth should be of no 
country.— Voltaire. 

The youth of the soul is everlasting and 
eternity in truth.— Richter. 

Every man has just as much vanity as he 
wants understanding.— Pope. 

Nothing is rarer than the use of a word in 
its exact meaning.— Whipple. 

"I bear Curry is a finished blacksmith." 
"Yes, he finished day before yesterday." 
"Eh— don't understand." "Hetried to shoe 
a mule."— New York World. 







S. S. "Australia, for Honolulu only, Saturday. 
July 11th. at 10 A. M. 

S. S. "Mariposa" sails via Honolulu and Auck- 
land, for Sydney. Thursday, July 23th, at 2 P M. 
Line to Coolgardie, Australia, and Capetown, 
South Africa. J. D SPRECKELS & BROS. CO.. 
Agents, 114 Montgomery St. Freight office, 327 
Market St., San Francisco. 


tibdron Ferry— Foot of Market Street. 


WEEK DAYS— 7:30, 9:00, 11:00 A M; 12:35,3:30 
5:10, 6:30 p M. Thursdays— Extra trip at 
11:30 p h. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1:50 
and 11:30 p M. 

SUNDAYS— 7:30,9:30, 11:00a m; 1:30 3:30, 5:00, 
6 :20 P M. 


WEEK DAYS— fl:15, 7:50, 9:10, 11:10 AH; 12:45, 
3 :40, 5 : 10 p M. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1 :55 
and 6:35 PH. 

SUNDAYS— 7:35, 9:35, 11:10 AM; 1:40,3:40,5:00, 
6:25 PH. 
Between San Francisco and Schuetzen Park, 

same schedule as above. 


In Effect 
April 2, 1896 







7:30 AM 
3:30 PH 

9:30 AH 

Santa Rosa. 

10:40 am 
6:05 PH 
7:30 pm 








3:30 PM 






IIIopmI 7: 3° a « 1 Guernevllle| 7:80 pm 

10 10am 

7:30am| 7:30am 1 Sonoma, [10:40am [8:40am 
5:10pm| 5:00pm 1 Glen Ellen. | 6:05pm |6:15Pm 

7:30 AMI 7:30am [ o-v,,,.-, |10:40AH 110:10am 
3:30pmI 6:00pm | Sevastopol.) 6:05pM | 6: i 5pM 

Stages connect at Santa Rosa for Mark West 
Springs; at Geyservllle for Skaggs' Springs: at 
Cloverdale for the Geysers; at Pieta for High- 
land Springs, Kelseyville, Soda Bay and Lake- 
port; at Hopland for Lakeport and Bartlett 
Springs; at Ukiah, for Vichy Springs, Saratoga 
Springs, Blue Lakes, Laurel Del Lake, Upper 
Lake, Porno, Potter Valley, John Day's, Lier- 
ley's, Gravelly Valley. Booneville, Greenwood, 
Orr's Hot Springs. Mendocino City. Fort Bragg 
Westport, Usal, Willitts, Cahto, Covelo, Lay- 
tonville, Harris, Scotia, and Eureka. 

Saturday-to-Monday Round Trip Tickets at re- 
duced rates. 

On Sundays, Round Trip Tickets to all points 
beyond San Rafael at half rates. 

TICKET OFFICE— 650 Market St., Chronicle 


Gen. Manager. 

R. X. RYAN, 
Gen. Passenger Agent. 


Dispatch steamers from San Francisco for 
ports in Alaska, 9 a.m.. July 3, 13, 18, 23; Aug. 

'For B. C. and Puget Sound portB, July 3, 8, 
13, 18, 23, 28 and every 5th day thereafter.* 

For Eureka {Humboldt Bay), Steamer ''Pom- 
ona," at 2 P. M. July 5, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, and 
every fourth day thereafter. 

For Newport, Los Angeles and all way ports, 
at 9 a. M. ; July 2, 6, 10, 14, 18, 22, 26, 30, and every 
fourth day thereafter. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Port Harford 
Santa Barbara, Port Los Angeles, Redondo, (Los 
Angeles) and Newport, July 5, 8, 12, 16. 20, 21. 28, 
and every fourth day thereafter, at 11 a. m, 

For Ensenada, San Jose del Cabo, Mazatlan, 
La Paz. Altata, and Guaymas (Mexico), steamei 
"Orizaba," 10 a. m,, July 3, and 25th of each 
m onth thereafter. 

Ticket Office— Palace Hotel, No. 4 New 
Montgomery street. 

GOODALL, PERKINS & CO., Gen'l Agents, 

No. 10 Market street, San Francisco 


For Japan and China. 

Steamers leave wharf at FIRST and BRAN- 
NAN STREETS, at 3 P M, for YOKOHAMA and 
HONGKONG, connecting at Yokohama with 
steamers for SHANGHAI. 

Doric Tuesday, July 21, 1896 

Belgic (via Honolulu). Saturday, August 8. 1896 
Goptic (via Honolulu), Wednesday, Aug. 26. 1896 
Gaelic Saturday, September 12, 1896 

Round Trip Tickets at Reduced Rates. 

For freight or passage apply at Company's 
Office, No. 421 Market street, corner First. 

D. D. STUBBS, Secretary. 

Prier 1'rr Copy. 10 Cr»t$. 

Annual Subscription, Si.OO. 


Vol. Liir. 


Number 2. 

Printtd and Published ecery Saturday by the proprietor. FRED HARRIOTT, 
tot^m-dn Merchant street. San Francisco. Snttrtd at San Francisco 
Pottofice a* Second-class Matter. 

The ofa 0/ the SEWS LETTER in .Yew Tort City is at TempU Court; 
and at Chicago. 90S Royc* Building, {Frank K. Morrison, Eastern 
Representative), where information maybe obtained regarding subscrip- 
tion and advertising rates. 

THE Democratic party will not always be controlled by 
cranks. We have taken our stand on the leading 
issues and will maintain it. Our flag is nailed to our mast. 

WE are glad to see that the merchants of this city are 
at last opening their eyes to the possibilities of com- 
merce with Japan. Friendly relations with that country 
are worth cultivating, and we shall never regret making 
the first, overtures. 

S COMBINATION of tact and talent makes David 
Bennett Hill the foremost politician of the Democratic 
party. He has not been ranked as a statesman, in the 
highest sense of the word, but as an adroit party 
manager he has few equals and no superior. 

HEAVY traffic should be forbidden on our chief thor- 
oughfares except during certain hours of the day. 
The presence of drays there is both an annoyance and a 
menace. In the larger citbs of Europe they are relegated 
to the back streets, and the same law should apply here. 

IN a morning paper there lately appeared an advertise- 
ment stating that a lady, returned from Paris, wished 
to meet with two or three ladies, or widows, for purposes 
of mutual enjoyment. We trust the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Vice will not allow this matter to escape their 

DEBS is now talking against strikes. He declares that 
what the workman needs is the abolition of the wage 
system and the establishment of co-operation. The great- 
est drawback of this industrial revolution, for Debs, would 
be that he would have to work, instead of to agitate. 

THE quack doctors who advertise in the daily papers 
should be severely let alone. They rob you of your 
money without effecting a cure and, sooner than lose you, 
will inoculate you with some fresh disease. The doctor 
who brags of his proficiency is like the woman who brags 
of her virtue. Both are harmful to the community. 

¥E are not in favor of lynchings, neither do we believe 
in Vigilance Committees. But for the reputation of 
California, measures should be instituted by which mur- 
derers will pay for their crimes on the gallows instead of 
leading a luxuriant' existence in jail at the expense of an 
over-burdened public. If the law cannot bring this about, 
then the law should be changed. 

ACCORDING to a recent decision of the Supreme Court 
of this State, a contract to pay any debt or other ob- 
ligation "in gold" is not binding, as to payment in that 
particular form of money, unless it be in writing. Section 
1913 of our Civil Code provides that a borrower of money, 
unless there is an "express contract" to the contrary, 
must pay the amount due in such money as is current at 
the time when the loan becomes due, whether such money 
is worth more or less than the actual money lent. Ordin- 
arily, an "express" contract means no more than one set 
forth in words, not necessarily in writing; but in regard to 
gold coin the court has given the term a more strict con- 
struction, as above noted. 

IX view of the fact that the existing ordinance, requiring 
the closing of saloons at 1 A. St., is not enforced, it 
would seem wholly absurd were the Supervisors to require 
closing at twelve o'clock. The one o'clock ordinance is 
reasonable, as a police regulation, but if it is virtually a 
dead letter there is no reason to suppose that a require- 
ment for earlier closing would be any the less a nullity. 

OFFICIAL statistics show that the mineral products of 
the United States in 1895 amounted to $612,000,000, 
an increase of over $80,000,000 in one year. This does not 
look like hard times. But if one could believe the pro- 
tectionist organs, the factories are all idle, and nothing 
can bring a return of prosperity but another McKinley 
tariff. ' 

EXAMINATION of the annual report of Assessor Siebe 
shows that no other single industry of this city com- 
pares in financial magnitude with that of sugar refinery. 
The one refinery, owned by Claus Spreckels, used up raw 
sugar in twelve months to the amount of 283 millions of 
pounds, and its total output was valued at more than nine 
millions of dollars. This establishment gave employment 
to nine hundred hands. If Mr. Spreckels shall succeed in 
his project for building up a great beet sugar industry in 
California, the results must be of the highest benefit to 
the State. 

SURPRISE is often expressed that comparatively few 
hotels or restaurants serve wine with meals, as freely 
as they do tea or coffee, seeing that a good table claret 
may be supplied at a cost no greater than that of the 
latter beverages. The reason for this discrimination is not 
far to seek. It lies in the internal revenue tax of $25 a 
quarter. The same license is exacted from hotels and 
restaurants furnishing wine free at table as from saloon- 
keepers selling all sorts of liquors over the bar. This is 
not reasonable, and it is a strong check upon the more 
general use of California wines as table beverages. 

COMPLAINTS come to us from people who have had 
business to transact in the Appraiser's Building, and 
who, upon asking information of the numerous clerks em- 
ployed in the different departments, have invariably re- 
ceived answers more conspicuous for their rudeness than 
otherwise. The elderly individuals there — who draw sala- 
ries from the Government, apparently with the under- 
standing that they sit upon soft-bottomed chairs for five 
hours a day and smoke choice cigars only — should not for- 
get that they are public servants. It may be too much to 
expect of them that they exhibit the instinctive courtesy 
of a gentleman, but they might possibly acquire the outer 
polish of the menial. We have the right to demand it, and 
we do. 

ONE of the standing nuisances of this city is the un- 
cleanliness of the principal thoroughfares. On Market 
and Kearny streets, any summer afternoon, the eyes of 
pedestrians are constantly menaced by flying particles of 
chaff from the roadway. The interstices between the 
basalt blocks are filled with rubbish of this sort, and the 
supply is constantly renewed by the multitude of horses 
that are used for draught or other purposes. The only 
way to suppress this annoyance is by filling up the spaces 
between the blocks with asphaltumor some like substance, 
and by keeping the roadway well swept from morning to 
night. With this evil removed, our glorious summer 
breezes would be a source of enjoyment rather than vexa- 
tion to all who walk the streets. 


July ii, 1896. 


SN interesting and new experiment in journalism is be- 
ing tried in San Francisco. We see a daily news- 
paper, which desires to be ranked as spokesman for a 
great political party, deliberately proposing to itself to go 
through a Presidential campaign without expressing edi- 
torial opinions on any of the important issues which divide 
the people into Democrats, Republicans and Populists. 
This extraordinary newspaper is the Examiner. 

Were the Examiner honest enough to announce that it 
has no opinions, or, having them, does not mean to print 
them, one might wonder at its cowardice, yet could at least 
give it credit for frankness. But the Examiner is a fraud 
as well as a coward. It sedulously endeavors to conceal 
from the public the fact that it has been stricken dumb 
editorially. Regard its course on the money question. 
Time was when the Examiner debated it, and leaned 
strongly to the gold side. But when the controversy be- 
came heated, and particularly after the Republican party 
had taken a clear stand for gold, the Examiner fell 
utterly silent. While the whole country is aflame on the 
subject of free silver, the Examiner says nothing. While 
the Republican newspapers of the city, not long ago pas- 
sionate advocates of free coinage, have, in slavish 
obedience to the party platform, wheeled about and eaten 
their crow, the Examiner has spoken never a word of 
criticism to turn that abject spectacle to Democratic ad- 
vantage. Had the Examiner died it could not be stiller. 
To cover this silence, to divert attention from conduct 
unexampled for its treacherous poltroonery in American 
journalism, the Examiner resorts to tricks which its large- 
brained proprietor evidently hopes will succeed. Mr. 
Hearst has a high notion of his powers to deceive the 
simple-minded public, the imbecile Democratic party. 
Machiavelli was a mere jay in the estimation of this tre- 
mendously artful young millionaire. Determined to be 
without opinions of bis own, he develops a consuming and 
very conspicuous desire for the opinions of others. Armed 
with a cocked interrogation point, the Examiner goes up 
and down the land demanding of men of all degrees what 
they think of the silver question. Mr. Hearst offers a 
prize for the best essay on the silver question. He ar- 
ranges to take a coupon vote of the State on the silver 
question, but it would require a respectable sum of money 
to induce Mr. Hearst to print his own coupon, properly 
filled out and signed with his thrifty name. Mr. Hearst 
flatters himself that he is clever enough to fool California, 
that the Examiner can skulk mutely through the campaign 
and not be found out for the craven and mercenary dodger 
it is. 

The reasons for this policy of silent editorial columns, 
accompanied by brass-banding news pages, are sufficiently 
obvious. The Examiner has a great many Republican 
subscribers. If the paper should offend them by being 
Democratic there are several very good Republican daily 
papers in San Francisco which they could take instead. 
As for the unfortunate Democrats, they are limited to a 
choice between the Examiner or a forthright Republican 
organ. So Mr. Hearst betrays the Democratic party for the 
sake of Republican nickels. Moreover, he has a news- 
paper in New York, the Journal, to which his San Fran- 
cisco paper is held secondary. The Journal applauds Mr. 
Whitney and the gold standard, since everybody in New 
York is for gold. Eastern nickels lie that way. It 
wouldn't do to have Mr. Hearst's San Francisco paper 
booming for silver while his New York paper is booming 
for gold. Inconsistency like that would stagger even Mr. 
Hearst, not because of any sentiment of shame which it 
might awaken, but for the reason that it couldn't be made 
to pay. 

If the Examiner were universally known to be nothing 
more than the personal organ of young Mr. Hearst and 
the careful servant of his private interests, it would be a 
matter of small concern to auybody save himself whether 
it was silent or voluble editorially. But it pretends to 
speak for the Democratic party, and is therefore a fraud 
which does harm. As a matter of fact the paper is merely 
the money-making machine of a young man who is sadly 
deficient in principle, courage and pride. But the Exam- 
iner is read in good faith by thousands as a Democratic 
organ, and so deceives these thousands to the unfair gain 

of the Republican party, whose managers may or may not 
be as generous as was once the Southern Pacific. 

The Democratic State Committee owes it to the party 
to repudiate the Examiner, to repudiate it formally as a 
fraud, a designing, mercenary and impudent cheat. The 
Committee ought to attend to this duty at its first meet- 
ing, for there can be no profit to the Democracy in carry- 
ing the Examiner through the campaign. At present it 
is on the party's back with a hand outstretched on either 
side, not for votes, but nickels. 

Newspapers Not The typesetting machine is bringing 
Meant some trying evils in its train. Ultim- 

To Be Read. ately, no doubt, it will work good re- 
sults. When the coming inventor has 
replaced the costly press with some inexpensive process, 
metropolitan newspapers will cease to be the appurte- 
nances of millionaires. Journalists will have a chance then 
to publish journals, and we shall get some brains and pub- 
lic purpose into the editorial columns. But at present the 
chief effect of the type-setting machine is to cheapen type- 
setting to such an extent that printers' wages is an insig- 
nificant item in the total. This leads to the enlargement 
of newspapers, which, in turn, has produced an insanity of 
amplification. Space no longer is valued, and every gar- 
rulous dullard who can hold a pen and make " copy " ap- 
pears to be at liberty to write his no-thoughts at length 
for publication. Witness the manner in which the two 
National conventions have been treated by the local press. 
The primary — indeed, the sole — purpose of reporting, 
which is to record events for the information of the reader, 
has been lost sight of altogether. The newspapers have 
run a race to determine which can print the maximum of 
matter with the minimum of news. The news has been all 
there, to be sure, but so swamped in a monstrous chaos of 
type and pictures that nobody with anything else to do 
could dig it out. To get as many correspondents as possi- 
ble, to exploit their names for advertising purposes, to 
print whatever they might send, regardless of harmony, 
or even coherence, to fling acres of print at the appalled 
public, and leave the rest to heaven — that is what the 
mindless newspapers have done, with these two great con- 
ventions. The commanding, adjusting, and condensing 
editor has, for the time being, retired from journalism, and 
the anonymous, intelligent, and industrious reporter has 
gone out with him. 

They will come back. Notwithstanding the type-setting 
machine and type-setting that costs next to nothing, the 
editor and reporter will come back. There are other 
more profitable and agreeable occupations in life than try- 
ing to read newspapers, and this new fashion of taking 
pages to tell what could bemuch better told in half-columns 
will pass. After all, newspapers should be published to be 
read — a great fact which has been forgotten by the pro- 
prietors, but to which they will be roused presently. To 
do the rousing it may require the appearance of new jour- 
nals put forth by men who understand what newspapers 
are for; but, however the return to plain good sense be 
bi'ought about, it will occur. Mankind can't stand the 
American daily press as, thanks to the economical type- 
setting machine, we see it now, drowned and swollen in a 
sea of cheapness. 

The Democracy The National Convention of the Demo- 
Gone Crazy. cratic party that has been in session at 
Chicago during the wfeek has proven it- 
self an aggregation of elements that have lost their wits 
through the pressure of hard times. For more than three 
years past dollars have been exceptionally difficult to get 
hold of. Not from one cause only, but because of many, 
capital became timid. Money was withdrawn from cir- 
culation and hidden away or hoarded. As an inevitable re- 
sult, the pressure of hard times has been felt throughout 
the length and breadth of the land with an intensity to 
which the present generation of Americans are quite un- 
accustomed. Since the war, with one or two slight set- 
backs, an era of marvelous prosperity has prevailed 
throughout all our borders and money has been easily ob- 
tained and freely spent. Habits of extravagance and 
luxurious tastes and desires have grown up with the pre- 
sent generation that the fathers knew not of, and that 
have now become impossible of gratification to the many. 

July it, 1846. 


: condition of (In- material 

• k for 
political pa are not to be cured tliat 

rnmenl can do many tiling's, but it ran 
no m" d proap* row all 

the time thau it can change the rotation of U 
The real remedy is with the individual himself, and It 

■r patent remedy either. In fact it is as old as 1 rea 
tion itself. Nil man can long honestly keep a BUrp 
coin in his pocket unli ontent to spend loss than 

r to put it in the words of the good Now England 
wife who said that " if her income were but potatoes 
and salt, she would live on the potatoes and save the salt. 
Totally unaccustomed, as we have said, to meet the stern 
realities of hard times in that determined way. all too 
many of our people have lost their heads and iii that be- 
wildered condition are ready to Jump at every quark ish 
promise of relief that can conspicuously advertise itself. 
No more empiric remedy than that approved at Chicago 
was ever formulated or indorsed by anybody. Putting a 
full dollar stamp on fifty cents worth of silver will not in- 
crease its purchasing power, although its tender in pay- 
ment of existing debts may undoubtedly act as a repeal 
of the moral code. Is it to that point the people of this 
great Republic are about to come? If so, Maeaulay's 
much derided prediction is about to be fulfilled, and 
thoughtful men may well feel abashed at the tendency of 
Democracy at this time and place. 

Somebody is reported as saying at Chicago the other 
day: 'The merits of the fifty cent dollar are only a part of 
a larger issue. It is the proletariat against the plutocrat." 
That remark has a world of meaning in it. It means that 
large masses of voters will determine this purely money 
problem wholly without reference to its merits as a ques- 
tion of expediency and common honesty and solely in view 
of their feeling towards richer men than themselves. Peo- 
ple who will stop to consider the question a moment can 
hardly fail to see that here is an issue that cuts straight 
up and down through all social layers and affects rich and 
poor alike. We all have to use money. We must all buy 
and sell with money as a measure of exchange and as a 
standard of value; both rich and poor are represented in 
the debtor and creditor class, and oftentimes the so-called 
rich are the largest borrowers, while the so-called poor, 
through their Savings Banks, are the greatest lenders of 
all. Every wage earner, too, is a creditor of his employer 
and is deeply interested in having the dollar he earns 
possess the very highest purchasing power. It may be, 
and undoubtedly is true that a few men in this country 
possess an amount of wealth that is a menace to the 
equality and independence of our people, but their wealth 
is more often in oil wells, coal mines, railroads, etc., than 
in hard money. To scale down the value of the dollar 
would be to touch them but lightly. The aggregate of the 
dollars around among the masses is immeasurably greater 
than the combined fortunes of all our millionaires put to- 
gether. If a fresh start had to be made, with our debts 
all paid, and our commercial ledger of accounts balanced 
with the rest of the world, it would matter little what 
standard of values we adopted, always providing it were a 
sure, fixed and permanent standard. But every interest 
in the land has grown up under an existing condition of 
things that cannot be changed or even seriously tampered 
with, without resulting in panic, cessation of profitable 
labor, and loss to everybody. Of course, with such an is- 
sue raised, honest, thoughtful men can have no part or lot 
in advancing the cause of the Chicago nominees. 

Money That There is a lot of money standing to the 
Wants credit of San Francisco that badly needs 

Letting Loose, to be let loose and sent on its fructifying 
and useful way to the pockets of our 
people. There is a ten dollar piece, in gold of course, for 
every man, woman and child in the city awaiting expendi- 
ture and distribution, and nothing stands in the way of 
that operation being successfully performed, except the 
cutting of a few pieces of red tape. The whole sum is 
about $3,150,000, and nearly the whole of it is lying idle, in 
the shape of twenty dollar gold pieces, in the treasuries of 
the State and of the United States— $2,000,000 of it is in- 
tended to start our New Post Office on its way towards 

oompleUon; 1600,000 is in the suite treasury, where it 

I apart for the purpose of giving us our new. 
irnnmental. and much needed Kerry Depot Then there 
is in the lame place 1250,000 for the affiliated colleges 

building, and there is. or might to be, $800,000 in the city 
treasury tor the Kearny-street Municipal building, These 

are all special appropriations. The money is immedia 

available, and no sufficient reason exists why it should not 
be let loose. The jingling of it around among our pei 
would be sweet music in their ears, and would drive ;i 
threatening wolf from many a family's door. The time 
has fully arrived when somebody should be held responsi- 
ble for its non-expenditure, Some unnamed draftsman ill 
a Federal office at Washington is said to he hanging up 

the Test Office appropriation all this time, because he is 

not yet ready with the plans! Pshaw. Have we not live 
Congressmen to pull such rats as lie out of their holes? 
Where were Maguire's zeal and industry? Crazy, idiotic, 
single-tax speeches in Delaware probably exhausted his 
energy, whilst consuming malice against the railroad used 
up his zeal; until all else that was left of him was so list- 
less and lifeless that he had not strength or will power 
enough left to enable him to shake up that miserable 
underling in the architect's office. It is safe to say that if 
Congressman Maguire had seen' any politics or patronage 
in doing his duty to his constituents in this matter, several 
hundred pairs of busy hands would have been usefully and 
profitably employed on the New Post Office Building long 
ago. He is the Congressman from the business section of 
this city, and is, above all others, the representative we 
have a right to look to for the requisite zeal and energy to 
brush obstructive underlings out of the way. Whilst' the 
business of the city needs that Post Office building, hun- 
dreds of his constituents would be benefitted by employ- 
ment upon it. He seems to forget that he was once a 
working blacksmith himself; we think if he were not in re- 
ceipt of that $5,000 a year as Congressman his memory 
would be at least keener in regard to a subject of this 
sort. In regard to' the red-tapeism that is obstructing 
the building of the Ferry Depot, we know nobody more 
responsible for the delays that are occurring than Gover- 
nor Budd and his friend Colnon. They may not themselves 
have always provoked the delays, but they could if in 
earnest, have prevented them. Until that building is well 
under way they both stand in the political pillory, for 
every indignant citizen to hurl a rebuke at. The truth is 
that all too many of our public men are mere talkers and 
not workers. This city is becoming very much in earnest 
about some things, and it means that its blatherskites 
shall either work or quit feeding at the public trough. It 
is intolerable that San Francisco, during such times as 
these, should have so long had more than $3,000,000 to its 
credit without being able to benefit by a dime of it. 

Should Have The testimony given on the trial of 
Their Deserts. Becker and Creegan, two of the partici- 
pants in the Dean forgery case, leaves no 
doubt of their guilt. It discloses the existence of a com- 
bination of dangerous criminals, and it is of the greatest 
importance to banking and commercial interests that the 
scoundrels who have been brought to book should meet 
with the punishment they so richly merit. Clemency is 
out of place with criminals of this stamp. Their example 
is a direct encouragement to forgery, and their escape 
from a long term in the penitentiary would be little short 
of a public calamity. The brilliant success of these rogues, 
in their late fraud upon the Nevada Bank, as well as the 
magnitude of the operation, gave an impulse to the art of 
forgery that only conviction and a severe sentence can 
counteract. "The Dutchman," Becker, is a particularly 
dangerous man, for against such skill as his the most ap- 
proved precautions as to forgery seem entirely vain. 

Two of The brethren are resurrecting themselves — 
a Kind, brethren who in decency should remain in the 
grave of obscurity which they have earned so 
well. We refer particularly to Brother Dille and Brother 
Case. If the Methodist congregations of these two preach- 
ers of the word are content to listen to them, and to pay 
them salaries for the precious privilege, that is a matter 
which may with resignation be left to the congregations 


July II, 1896. 

and the Lord. But when Brother Dille or Brother Case 
has the hardihood to poke his head out of the Methodist 
tomb it becomes a duty to hit that head with the sbillelah 
of secular rebuke. Brother Dille has recently ventured to 
constitute himself a spokesman for patriotism, as it is un- 
de-stood by the A. P. A., and to make reflections on the 
inferior morality of foreigners; Brother Case has found the 
nerve to rise behind his sacred desk and admonish a Police 
Judge for having gone to a prize-fight, and also for having 
punched the head of his clerk of court. We say nothing 
as to the soundness of the views of Brothers Dille and Case 
in regard to these grave matters, but we do feel at liberty 
to say that the spectacle of Dille and Case lecturing any- 
body as to his conduct is enough to cause the Rev. Dr. 
Satan to pinch himself in order to ascertain whether or not 
he is awake. If Messrs. Dille and Case do uot know that 
they are bankrupt in moral authority in this community, 
everybody else does. And we are quite sure that both 
know it quite as well as other people do. 

Drs. Dille and Case were among the public champions of 
the infamous Dr. Brown, in whose defense, when he was 
charged with adultery, perjury, subornation of perjury, 
and intimidation of women witnesses, it could only be 
pleaded that he wore the cloth. That plea was enough for 
Dille and Case. And worse : When Rev. Colburn, pastor 
of Grace M. E. Church, was arrested in Golden Gate Park 
for an unnameable crime, and was released by the Park 
Commissioners, who preferred this course to the frightful 
scandal of a trial, a committee of Methodist clergymen and 
deacons hurriedly met and whitewashed the man who has 
not dared to attempt to prove that he is not a monster. 
Drs. Dille and Case were members of that astounding com- 
mittee. They stood by Colburn as they stood by Brown; 
why, it is not worth while to speculate. But it is worth 
while to remark that a brace of preachers who have thus 
demonstrated themselves to be devoid of the moral sense, 
have forfeited their right to speak as moral teachers. As 
expounders of the gospel Drs. Dille and Case have their 
place, seemingly, but men and women who consider it im- 
portant to retain the capacity for judging between right 
and wrong would rather be excused from listening to them. 
Inside their respective churches Messrs. Dille and Case 
appear to be regarded as fit for the office of shepherd, but 
in the normal world outside the sanctuary they stand only 
for Cheek. 

On True A good deal of buncombe surrounds all this 
Patriotism, talk about "the flag." When carried to 
excess it belongs to Spencer's "Sir Bragga- 
docio's" school of boastfulness. It too often typifies the 
vainglorious, insolent, and assumptious pretender, and it 
is not infrequently used to cloak the scoundrelism of a 
blugurur. Some rascals appear to think that they can 
transgress all the laws of God and man, and then dra- 
matically fold " the flag " around their corrupt carcasses 
and the world will shout, as in Scotch law, "absolvitor." 
But the people of this country are not as doltish as "the 
flag" blagveurs appear to think they are. Americans are 
not so easily imposed on. They respect and love the em- 
blem of their land in a becoming way, but they decline to 
be hoodwinked by theatrical appeals to fictitious "patriot- 
ism" and "the flag." They know that this is a composite 
nation, and that millions of good people have come to these 
shores loving the "Old Glories" they left behind them, and 
Americans are broad minded enough to respect, and even 
to admire, this veneration of its foreign born citizens for 
the flags of their native land. The glory of this Republic 
is in the liberty enjoyed by its subjects, and in the broad- 
ening influence it exercises on all, or nearly all, who live 
permanently on its soil. And so Americans tell those 
foreigners who come here to make this country their home, 
that they may love the flag of their fathers as much as 
they please so long as they are loyal to the flag of this 
nation. From the native born we have a right to expect 
love and allegiance, but from the foreign born we are satis- 
fied with allegiance alone. The one is inate — the other is 
the result of intellectual training, and our experiences in 
four wars proves that the one was not a whit better than 
the other in the hour of our need. Facts, cold, stubborn 
facts, tell us that it was the immigrant Irish, Protestant 
and Catholic, and the foreign French, who made the Revo- 

lution possible; that in the Mexican War our "foreign 
born citizens" took their share in the "imminent breech 
and deadly peril," while in our Civil War the South came 
mighty near whipping the Yankees in '61 and '62, but was 
whipped by the Irish, the Germans, the Euglish, the Cana- 
dians, and other immigrants in '63 and '64, as one of their 
own Generals is reported to have said. And we venture 
to believe that if the antecedents of some of the men who 
are eternally prating about " the flag" were traced their 
names would be found among the long list of the 30,000 
American loyalists who, as Sabine shows, fought on the 
royal side against Washington, or who rang the joy bells 
in Boston when an English victory was announced in 1812. 

The Farcical The Farcical Fourth has went ; for all of 
Fourth. which the great American public should 

solemnly thank the Devil.orthe Almighty, 
as taste or prejudice may prefer. We expended two dol- 
lars in the purchase of Chinese fire-crackers and the like 
amount in Havana cigars and Scotch whiskey. In the pro- 
cession we beheld with pride a couple of squads of police- 
men, removed temporarily from the neighborhood of fruit 
stands, and forced to reduce their adipose tissue by the 
exercise of limbs grown fat in honorable repose ; we be- 
held several regiments of our paid defenders, whose gal- 
lantry, for long years, has been confined mainly to the fair 
sex; we beheld numerous hard-faced and soft-handed sons 
of toil, forced, for the time being, to rest their mouths 
and work with their legs; we beheld our honorable Mayor 
and his monkey, Mr. C. L. Taylor, reclining luxuriantly in 
a carriage drawn by spavined steeds, and refuting the 
Biblical statement that horses and asses can never be 
yoked together; we beheld on one of the floats a motto 
which causes us to suspect that the procession was subsi- 
dized by Major McKinley, and finally we had the gratifica- 
tion of beholding a little army of disgruntled Socialists, 
tracking along in the rear like vermin on the trail of that 
which contains within itself the elements of decomposition. 
We heard much bluster, more buncombe, and even more 
profanity. Up to the hour of writing this, we fail to see 
the cause of all the commotion. This country may have 
been independent once, but it was before our time — a long 
time before it. Judging by present conditions we are 
very much inclined to doubt it, and would recommend that 
in future we find some quieter way of making ourselves 
ridiculous. We are not opposed to exercising the police 
and the soldiers, but we do not consider these gentlemen 
worthy a national demonstration. If people will act like 
fools they should be educated to do so at home, and not 
upon the public streets. Common decency demands it. 

Some Men It does not lie in the mouth of certain 
Who Should California Republicans to deride the crazi- 
Sing Cheap, ness displayed at Chicago, seeing that 
they themselves went to St. Louis brimful 
of precisely the same craze. They were instructed that 
way, approved of their instructions, and did their best to 
give them effect. The Republican convention of this 
State unanimously declared in favor of the free and un- 
limited coinage of silver at a ratio of 16 to 1, the same to 
be a legal tender in payment of all debts public and pri- 
vate. The Chronicle and Call advocated and approved 
that plank in the State platform and did what they could 
to have it ratified at St. Louis. As it is by all odds the 
leading issue of this election, and if there were consistency 
and principle in politics, they would be in honor bound to 
go for the silver dollar offered at Chicago rather than for 
the gold one demanded at St. Louis. There is another 
point in regard to which these Republican gentlemen 
should sing cheap. They are declaring that a return to 
something like the McKinley tariff will at once be had with 
the result that general confidence will be restored and 
prosperity ensue. All this, whilst no fact in politics is 
better understood than that the silver men hold the bal- 
ance of power in the Senate and that they are banded to- 
gether as one man to permit no tariff amendment without 
a silver rider being tacked thereto. Will our respected 
Republican contemporaries please stop fooling with politics 
long enough to give a candid and straightforward state- 
ment as to how their party proposes to meet this diffi- 

July ii, 1896. 


-•: 1 fllll.K the Fourth of July parade with 
Vy its old time features of militia-school 
small detachment of regulars.— many leagues of 
A. EL, its in carriages," oraUir of the day. 

and the long wind-up of tradesmen's carts, is a thing of 
the past, there is. none the less, an enthusiastic celebra- 
tion of the Fourth which even the heat will not down. 
Very little of the enthusiasm is. however, displayed in the 
citv! and the day will l>e chiefly devoted to regattas— 
notably the Larehmont and Leawauakha Corinthian; 
tennis matches. — Tuxedo and Montclair conspicuously — 
athletic garni s at Bergen Point, polo at Cedarhurst, shoot- 
ing at the Bohemian Gun Club, and half a dozen cricket 
matches in different places. Other entertainments will in- 
clude laying of corner stones, certain patriotic meetings, 
a Tammany reunion, and numerous picnics and fireworks. 
The air is already filled with ♦he noise of fire crackers and 
double headed Dutchmen and revolvers, which to-morrow 
will be varied only by another noise far more pleasing — 
the ringing of old Trinity's chimes in national music. 

Society, what is left of it in town and all of it out of town, 
talks of nothing but the proposed marriage of Cornelius 
Vanderbilt. Jr.. and Miss Grace Wilson, now set for the 
seventh of this month, and not likely to be again post- 
poned. Young Vanderbilt is rapidly regaining his health 
and is naturally eager for his settlement in life. His 
father is said to have relented, so all will go merrily. 
Some of the papers have in a very spiteful way referred 
constantly to Miss Wilson as young Vanderbilt's "elderly 
fiancee." As a matter of fact Miss Wilson is not more 
than twenty-nine, if so old, and looks twenty. She has au 
exquisite figure, is very pretty, and is both amiable and 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Pair are at Manhattan Beach. 
W. O'B. Macdonough was at the same fascinating place 
last week, as were also Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Payot. The 
Whist Tournament gave a closing dinner last week at the 
Oriental hotel, and the serious minded card players gave 
themselves up for the night to hilarity. Mr. and Mrs. 
James Clarke of San Francisco were among the guests. 
Newport Californians include only Mrs. Oelrichs and Miss 
Fair. I understand that Jos. Redding, who occupies an 
apartment in the "Broadway" in the Metropolitan Opera 
House Building, will spend a part of the summer at Rhode 
Island's fashionable resort. To-morrow under the direc- 
tion of Hermann Oelrichs, Harry Eldridge, Prescott 
Lawrence, and other well-knowD Newporters, there will 
be an old fashioned clambake at Newport to which society 
is expected to flock. The invitations are very quaint, and 
in inviting the "God-fearing menne of Newport" the 
phraseology of the popular Old Folks' Concert programme 
is used. Commodore Harry Gillig has arrived from Eur- 
ope and will preside at the annual regatta at Larehmont 
to-morrow. Mrs. Gillig will arrive on Saturday, having 
been detained in Paris by woman's tyrant — the dress- 
maker. Mrs. Ruth Abbey is again in town and staying at 
the Hotel Normandie. ''Billy" Littaueris playing polo at 
Cedarhurst. Mrs. Nichols and her relative, Miss Potter, 
are at Lake Mohonk. Mrs. W. W. Belvin, who is much 
run down in health, has gone to the mountains to recuper- 
ate. Henry McDowell and Mrs. McDowell are at Atlantic 
City. Dr. Sime has gone to New London for a few days 
to visit his mother. Mr. and Mrs. Marx and Miss Helen 
Culver are in Paris. Mrs. W. P. Williams and Mrs. G. P. 
Gray of Los Angeles are in Naples. 

New York, July 3, 1896. Passe-Paetout. 


R. SOPER has been appointed School Director, 
one more illiterate is provided for. 


The most sacred of all human functions is doubtless that of eating. 
The stomach is the seat of the soul and by overlooking it you may 
endanger yoar moral growth. Why should you do this, when for 
the small sum of $1 you can enjoy the finest dinner in this city at 
Swain's Bakery, 213 Sutter street ? Between the hours of 5 and 8 
p. m. this feast for the gods is spread, and is especially patronized 
by ladies who may happen to be without escorts. The best service 
is guaranteed. 


Last Saturday we went to see all the troops in Berlin 
make their grand spring parade before the Kal 
We started at eight o'clock in the morning, and drove to 

a little tillage about two miles from Berlin, where, after a 

great deal of excitement ai g the policemen and guards, 

we were allowed to take our stand along with the other 
carriages on the field to await the arrival of the soldiers. 
The weather was beautiful. The " Kaiser weather," they 
Bay, lias never yet failed, but it was a little cold for one 
wagon load of spectators. The Emperor had ordered the 
"Kameroons," the German African colonists who are 
exhibiting in the " Ausstellung,'' to see the noble army of 
their ruler in all its mighty force, but they didn't take any 
interest in the proceedings, as they shivered in the cool, 
fresh air. ami wanted to go home. The troops were lined 
up by half-past nine, and at precisely three minutes to ten 
— he is always an irritating three minutes ahead of time — 
the Kaiser rode on the field, with the Kaiserin, dressed 
in her white Hussar riding habit, beside him. The rest of 
the court followed in carriages. A mighty cheer greeted 
him from the ranks, and as it echoed over the hills it 
sounded very impressive, and one could almost think it was 
spontaneous. Then the troops were carefully inspected as 
they stood, and finally they had to form in line and march 
before the Emperor, first walking, and then in double 
quick time. The most beautiful regiment was Bismarck's 
"White Cuirassiers," with their shining corslets and hel- 
mets glittering in the sun and mounted on chestnut-brown 
horses of exactly the same shade and size. It was very 
amusing to watch the old drummer in one of the mounted 
bands. His great tympany seemed to cover the horse, 
and as he waved his arms frantically about, beating as 
hard as he could, the horse would ride apart from the 
others and attract the attention of every one. This par- 
ticular drummer is a privileged old character, having 
figured in his band for years and years, so as he went by 
he was warmly cheered by the spectators. It was such a 
pleasure to see that among all the mounted attaches and 
Generals near us the best rider by far was Captain Evans, 
our military attache. The Germans simply couldn't ride, 
even being outdone by the little Japanese General, who, 
covered with medals and decorations, was as proud and 
dignified looking as the finest Teuton warrior there. About 
noon, after the troops had left the field, the Kaiser com- 
mented on their condition, promoted some of his officers, 
retired others, and then went home to Potsdam. 

In spite of the late season, a good many teas have been 
given this week. Mrs. Wieland gave a reception to Mrs. 
TJhl, her last, I am sorry to say, as the school is now 
closed. Mrs. Trowbridge gave a very charming informal 
tea to Richard Harding Davis who, with Mr. Trowbridge, 
returned from Moscow a few days ago. Mrs. John B. 
Jackson gave a farewell tea this afternoon, but such fright- 
ful weather prevailed that there were not many guests 
present. Little Miss Jackson, the violiniste, played a few 
solos beautifully, and Walter Damrosch, who is over here 
looking for artists for his next season, complimented her 
highly upon her performance. Mr. Willard leaves very 
soon for Russia. He has finished his work in the Berlin 
"Arbeit Colony," and now wishes to join Count Tolstoi, 
where he can pursue his sociological studies in the colony 
of the great Russian. 

A Mr. Lilienthal has been trying his flying machine here 
in public. He declares it to be a success but that the 
Roentgen ray could, I am informed, reveal more broken 
bones than he would be willing to admit of. It is very 
gruesome to see the great human bird soar over the house- 
tops, and one trembles for the rider's safety should a thun- 
der storm come up. There has so far been more thunder 
and lightning in Berlin than ever before of late. Yesterday 
three houses were struck and any number of horses killed, 
and most of the streets are blocked on account of the fear- 
ful floods of water. 

A recent arrival from California is Professor Richardson 
of the Berkeley University, who expects to stay here 
about three months to pursue his archajological studies, 
and afterwards will go to Athens for the rest of his year. 
Mrs. Schmiedell, who has recovered from her severe illness, 
expects to be here without fail by the first of July. 

Berlin, June 17, 1896. A Musical Student. 


July II, 1896. 


EDITOR NEWS LETTER. Sir: — Recurring to Mr. 
Scott's articles ou "Hard Times," in the February 
Overland, his astonishing error regarding the consumption 
of gold seemed difficult to equal, but it is a mild draft on 
human credulity in its misleading effect compared with the 
following in the Overland for May. In that issue he says: 

' To pay in gold the interest for two years on theaggregate debt of 
this country, would require not only the world's entire output of 
gold during the specilied time ($400,000,000) but the world's present 
stock of $4 000,000,000 in addition." 

Now $4,400,000,000 is the interest on $110,000,000,000 at 
4 per cent. As Mr. Scott combines two years for his ex- 
ample we must divide the amount leaving a debt of $55,- 
000,000,000 and an annual interest account of $2,200,000,- 
000. If he can demonstrate that, for example, after a 
general clearance of counterbalancing obligations, this 
country owes $55,000,000,000 I will not wonder at his simile 
of wolves, — assuredly the contemplation of such a state of 
things as he asserts must have put his mind into a condi- 
tion similar to that of the skater pursued by wolves: 
"Over his shoulder wild with fear 

One hasty glance he steals, 
And all the wolves in Christendom 
Seemed scampering at his heels." 

Under like circumstances I should myself be disposed to 
say with the frontiersman, ''The woods are full of 'em." 
But before accepting as truth his construction I must 
respectfully ask a definite bill of particulars. To whom 
and for what do we owe 55 thousand millions of dollars? If 
the whole mass of business transactions, including the 
passing to and fro of debits (which are offset by credits,) 
be Mr. Scott's estimate of the obligations of this country, I 
grant him a monopoly of that interpretation of the situa- 
tion. Every debtor has a creditor, but the real debt of a 
country is the sum remaining after its credits are de- 
ducted — the clearing house balance, as it were, upon a 
general adjustment. For a given period the clearing 
house balances in London showed of coin used only 1 of one 
per cent., and 991 per cent, carried in bills, cheques and 

That England has loaned us money at lower rates than 
other countries, would appear to be the head and front of 
her offending, — illustrating the old adage: If you want 
to lose a friend lend him money. If we are bankrupt and 
cannot pay, we ought to make an assignment for the bene- 
fit of all our creditors. That is the way an honest man 
does when he fails in business. He does not hide bis pro- 
perty and offer 50 cents on the dollar. To use the lan- 
guage of a well-known French writer of to-day, M. G-ui- 
bert of Paris: 

"We will say nothing of the moral discredit which would be cast 
upon the United States by the adoption of a monetary system 
equivalent in respect of Europe to a declaration of legal bankruptcy. 
Let us look to the consequences which would infallibly be produced 
by the accession to power of the men who recommend this solution 
— the independent unlimited free coinage'of silver. Financial disasters 
would follow close upon evil economic measures, and general 
poverty would appear, with the discontented, the intriguing and the 
ambitious in its train." 

We now come to Queen Elizabeth's proclamation re- 
lative to base money, regarding which Mr. Scott remarks, 
"she evidently had no reference to silver, which was sound 
money," etc. As to legal tender in Queen Elizabeth's 
time, which Mr, Scott infers, it was probably not known 
then in connection with gold and silver, as we now under- 
stand it. Mr. W. A. Shaw remarks: 

"From the 13th to the 18th century both gold and silver were 
actually employed in European commerce without any idea either 
of declaring or restricting the tender." 

If Mr. Scott were familiar with his subject he would 
know that the money termed base was silver, but issued 
at coinage values or debased much beyond its commercial 
value, and not being redeemable in good money was there- 
fore base. Just as silver compared with gold, would be to- 
day under unlimited free coinage at any ratio less than its 
market value. Mr, Scott doubtless knows that a Mexican 
dollar — unlimited coinage — contains six grains more silver 
than a United States standard silver dollar, but is worth 
only fifty odd cents in San Francisco, or any other com- 
mercial or financial center of a first-class power of the 
western world. If he would like to know the monetary 

conditions under Henry VIII and Edward VI, (a period of 
the most flagrant and notorious debasement of money by 
kingly fiat in English history,) that caused Queen Eliza- 
beth's proclamation, I can enlighten him. These poten- 
tates believed that kingly decree, law, fiat could create 
values. What it did create was indescribable human 
misery. 1 repeat, a coin is just as bad when debased by over 
valuation if not exchangeable for better as when unduly 
alloyed, clipped or sweated. 

Probably the gain of the money metals by Spain from 
America in the 16th and 17th centuries was followed by a 
rise of prices in Spain — the modern exchange and credit 
system being then unknown — and what the other powers 
of Europe, including England, lacked in solid quantity they 
sought to make up for in fictitious multiplication, thus 
causing an extraordinary advance in prices by reason of 
the continual debasement and depreciation of the money. 

From the time of Henry VIII, early in the 16th century, 
until in Elizabeth's reign, the debasement of the coinage 
was peculiarly deplorable. Henry VIII reduced the 
amount of silver in a pound sterling from 2,663 grains — 
first in 1527 to 2,368 grains,— second 1543 to 2,000 grains; 
third 1545 to 1,200 grains; fourth 1546 to 800 grains; and 
in 1551 — under Edward VI — it was only 400 grains, or, at 
present mintage value of silver, about $1.08. Under the 
depreciated coinage prices rose over four hundred per 
cent, and business was active with the tradesmen, brokers 
and "money gamblers," but not so with the working peo- 
ple. The historian says: 

"It would naturally be imagined, at a time when money was al- 
most exclusively looked upon as wealth, that an addition to it, 
(supposed new metal from Spain's stores) would have been bailed 
with joy— that every individual and each community would have 
been gladdened at the knowledge that they were becoming more 
rich than they had before considered themselves. The very reverse 
of this, however, appears to have been the case, and complaints of 
distress were never so frequent nor so loud as at the period we are 
now referring to. The rates of wages to day laborers do not seem to 
have risen in the same proportion as the necessaries of life, and the 
laws passed under Elizabeth for the relief of the poor are sufficient 
evidence of their wretched condition." 

Of which Queen Elizabeth later on took further notice 
by reforming the coinage. In the midst of this period 
Bishop Latimer inveighed bitterly against the cruel in- 
justice wrought upon the laboring classes, saying that, 

"Poor men (which live of their labor) cannot, with the sweat of 
their face, have a living, — all kinds of victuals is so deare, pigges, 
geese, capons, chickens, egges, etc. These things with others are so 
unreasonably enhansed, and I tbinke, verily, that if it thus con- 
tinue, we shall at length be constrained to pay tor a pigge a pound." 

And as Latimer predicted it came about that they did 
have to pay a pound for a pig ; but as shown above the 
pound would be to-day only $1.08. 

In Thorold Rogers' Economic Interpretation of History 
he says: 

"The conclusion which I arrived at was that payments uere made 
by weight and not as now by tale, that whatever was the weight of 
pieces issued by the mint a man who covenanted to pay or receive a 
pound of silver for goods, services or dues received 5400 grains of 
silver up to 1527, and 57G0 grains afterwards, and that tbis system 
lasted from the earliest records down to the reformation of the cur- 
rency under Elizabeth." 

Hence Macaulay's reference to the grinding of the pea- 
sant between the upper and the nether millstones, that is 
the exacting by weight and paying by tale. 

To further illustrate the futility of fiat — of statutory 
enactment to create values — I take the liberty of quoting 
from John Locke, one of several quaint and lucid 
illustrations which he gave in answer to a proposition 
from Secretary Lowndes of the British Treasury, to in- 
crease the denominational value of a crown, and I trust its 
pertinence to the artless theories of the silver agitators 
will be duly observed. Said Mr. Locke: 

"The multiplying arbitrary denominations, will no more supply 
nor in any ways make our scarcity of coin commensurate to the 
need there is of it, than if the cloth which was provided for clothing 
the army, falling short, one should hope to make it commensurate 
to that need there is of it, by measuring it by a yard one foot 
shorter than the standard, or changing the standard of a yard, and 
so getting the full denominations of yards necessary according to the 
present measure. For this is all that will be done by raising our 
coin as is proposed. All that it amounts to is no more than this, 
viz : That each piece and consequently our whole stock of money, 
should be measured and denominated by a penny one-fifth less than 
the standard." 

July it, 1896. 


" The HfirMM of dtnvm\nat\o*k doei >>r ran do NofAint? in lS> 
ii u mrial by \li ybdafi'ly and «■■! denomination, that u ISf ; 
Ikinji and meat ure of tommeiee . aint if ij (Ac weight of metal in if. .111./ 
not the namu of the pieet* that men estimate commodities by, and exchange 
litem for. 

"If tbit b* not so. when the necessity of our affairs abroad or ill 
bus'.-amlry at borne, has carried away half our treasure and a moldy 
of our money is gone out of England, it is but to issue a proclama- 
tion that a peony shall go for two pence, six pence for a shilling, 
half a crown for a crown, etc.. and immediately, without buy more 
•do, we are as rich as before, and when half the remainder is gone, 
it is but doing the same thing again, and raising the denomination 
anew, and we are where we were, anil so on." 

Mr. Scott says: 

"That, on a gold basis, money in this country is scarce is evidenced 
by the fact that we by necessity issue bonds, to the amount of 
hundreds of millions of dollars, obsequiously paying the bond lakers, 
mostly foreign, a large premium on the gold received from them." 

Mr. Scott should know that the demand for gold of this 
country within the past four years, while in part caused 
by the need of it resulting from the general breaking down 
of speculative inflation in Argentina, Australia, and the 
United States, has been largely caused by the sale of vari- 
ous forms of American investments securities held by 
foreigners, because of the apprehension that we might try 
to pay a dollar of obligation in 50 cents worth of silver. 
As to the necessity for the sale of bonds by this Govern- 
ment recently to provide a supply of gold — that was owing 
to the vicious system of note issues by the Government. 
The law of 1878 compels the re-issue of greenbacks no mat- 
ter how often redeemed, and under the workings of that 
law and the incubus of silver certificates and Treasury de- 
mand notes — an addition of 500 millions since the gold re- 
serve was fixed at 100 millions — our Government must be 
the purveyor of gold for all bond-brokers, "money gam- 
blers," importing merchants, etc. The vice is in the laws 
of 1862 and 1878, compelling the issue, redemption, and 
re-issue in endless iteration of legal tender paper money 
by the Government. In 1879, in the Congress of the United 
States, General Garfield said : "I fear there will never be 
any permanent safety to business so Jong as there is a 
greenback in circulation." I shall be glad to furnish Mr. 
Scott an exposition of this subject if he desires it. 

San Francisco, July 7, 1896. A Layman. 

{To be continued). 

The Banks The agitation for free coinage of silver is 
and producing a bad effect upon the business of 

Business, the savings banks in this city. There is a 
lighter demand for loans than there would 
be if the financial outlook were more secure. Though the 
rates of interest are low, and money in abundance can be 
had on good security, the general feeling of doubt as to 
the future makes borrowers shy of incurring large obliga- 
tions. This unsettled state of affairs, together with high 
taxation, accounts for the reduction in the dividend rates 
of the local savings institutions. The management of none 
of these banks is to blame for the prevailing dullness. The 
directors do the best they can, under the circumstances. 
Unfortunately, there are in this community, as in most 
others, a class of demagogues who aim to make political 
capital with the mass of ignorant voters, by exciting pre- 
judice and distrust against banks and bankers generally. 
The bankers are by these scurvy politicians denounced as 
selfish and grasping "gold bugs," eager to squeeze the 
last dollar from the oppressed borrower. Business men, 
of course, know this to be utter nonsense. Banks are the 
life of trade and commerce. But for their aid thousands 
of farmers in this State would to-day be homeless and 
destitute. Millions of San Francisco capital are tied up 
in loans on farming lands in the interior, which, under 
present conditions, the borrowers are unable to repay. 
The banks, however, by pursuing an accommodating and 
liberal policy, allow these loans to remain outstanding, 
trusting to a return of prosperity to enable the borrowers 
to liquidate. No class, more than the bankers, would pro- 
fit by good times. 

A Good Child 
is usually healthy, and both conditions are developed by use of 
proper food. The Gail Borden Eagle Brand Condensed Milk is the 
best infant's food ; so easily prepared that improper feeding is inex- 
cusable and unnecessary. 


ALL the world baa known for some days thai the Yale 
crew »;o easily beaten by tin- Leander crew in 
first heat for the Grand Challenge Cup for eight oai 
Henley. It cannot, however, be suggested by tbemost 
nisly ill-disposed person that the beating was not an 
entirely fair one. The Yale men were in capital health 
and spirits on the day of the race, hail not lust a pound in 
weight, weighed ton pounds per man more than the Lean- 
der Crew, ami thought that the hot July weather suited 
them better than it did the British oarsmen. Farther 
(though it turned out a still day. with little or no breeze) 
Yale drew the Buckinghamshire side of the Thames, a 
station which is considered on a windy day to be worth 
one-and-a-half lengths to the boat that is lucky enough to 
get it. The crew were treated with the utmost kindness 
and attention, and we may rest assured that no "kick" 
of any kind will be made by any but the ignorant and male- 
volent; it certainly will not be "registered" by the Yale 
coach or crew. Now for the causes of defeat — that is to 
say, the reasons why the Yale crew did not row fast 
enough to win their heat. The crew never got really "to- 
gether," they rowed short, lacked swing, and were per- 
plexed by the changes in oars and slides, and by their 
coach's extreme anxiety to pick up ideas and suggestions 
from the English crews. Now, it is possible to be too open 
to new impressions, and this, while an amiable failing, 
is a sort of weakness. "Bob" Cook seems to have 
been even too ready and anxious to learn. The 
fact is that a visiting crew should not try to gain any 
new theories of rowing after preparation for the race 
has once begun: it should row its own stroke in its own 
style as well and pluckily as it knows how, and therewith 
be content. It should, further, not attach an exagger- 
ated importance to the result of a contest in what is, after 
all, only a sport and recreation. There is, of course, no 
reason why oarsmen visiting a country where eight-oared 
rowing is highly developed and carried on under favorable 
circumstances, should not, after their own work is done, 
watch their competitors' style, and try to get ideas for 
future use; but to attempt to adopt a new, or partially 
new, theory a week or two before the contest, is hopeless. 
Every University oarsman in England is quite satisfied to 
row the stroke taught to Eton schoolboys, who, as regards 
form and watermanship, are not excelled by any crew 
in the country. Both coach and crew are thoroughly 
agreed as to what to do, and how to do it, and there is no 
divergent theory of rowing present in the minds of any of 
the men in the boat or on the bank. What an advantage 
this unanimity is to the morale of a crew is obvious. In- 
stead of "falling to pieces" when called on to row a hard 
race, their body-swing remains rhythmical, and their 
stroke long and even while the strength to grasp an oar 

It has been suggested that the Yale crew would 
perhaps have done better in a four-mile race; but, in 
reply to this, it must be remembered that the Leander 
men are all long-distance rowers, and that their Stroke 
won the Oxford and Cambridge boat-race this year through 
magnificent staying and spurting qualities, whereas Yale's 
Stroke oar was faltering at the half-distance, in a course 
of less than one-and-a-half miles in calm weather. 

Arthur Inkersley/. 

Use Kichardson & Robbins' canned and potted meats for picnics. 


t ™ jR0GftDER0?t 


A. Eat. Drink and be Merry at "THE TROCADERO." ji. 

T? A little Paradise: "THE TROCADERO." 200 yards from the ;» 
Jt> Ingleside, Corbett Road, near the new race track. ,;i. 

^ ERNEST DOELTER, Proprietor and Caterer. ^. 

^4*4*4* 4*4*4*4**4. 4.4*4*4. 4*4*^ 


July ii, 1896. 

1 We Obev No Wand but Pleasure's."— Tom Moore. 

H 1 

[ILARIOUS Hartrnanis no longer king 
_ over the Tivolians. Gustav Hinrichs 
and his mighty baton and his vocal army 
have come, sung and conquered. Hart- 
P man, in the prime of his reign, in all the 
glory of a green umbrella, a kinetoscopic 
mug, an oscillating leg, and thirty-eight verses of topical 
song, never evoked the delirious bravos, ecstatic huzzas, 
and crashing boot thunder that punctuated Lucia 
on Monday night. It was the wildest, noisiest blast of 
felicitations that I have heard since Maggie Cline t'rew 
down McCloskey. And all this, mind you, over that dear 
old um ta-ra ra ra ra da Dagoese firecracker, Lucid di 
Lammermoor, which for eighteen years, annually, or semi- 
annually or quarterly, has hissed, boomed and sputtered 
through the Tivoli. 

Believe me, I come not to bury Lucia, but to praise 
her. I love every one of the saccharine melodies, I dote 
on the quaint, crocheted harmony, I am intoxicated, almost 
disorderly, when the ripping sextette is bravely sung, and 
I would not change a bar of the sweet, flowery rhythm to 
which Edgar dies. I even feel the fluent grace of its Latin 
speech — though I am the only critic within the fire limits 
of San Francisco, Oakland and Alameda who does not 
think himself great chums with the Italian language. But, 
as I said before, it is an opera full of the friends of our 
childhood's ear, and by no means a novelty for the Tivoli. 
Yet in this old vehicle Hinrichs and his songsters drove 
into the Tivoli, missionaried the natives, and buried the 
breezy spectacle where it will remain all summer un- 
honored and unsung. Over the tomb of the Comic, the 
Grand stands triumphant. And who too poor to do it 
reverence — at fifty cents a revere — or twenty-five, for 
that matter, if you are not particular where you sit? 

# # * 

If I rightly anticipate the repose and unanimity that 
will come with a week's performances, the company at the 
Tivoli is going to give as good opera as we have had in 
several seasons. Hinrichs found capable, disciplined 
musicians awaiting him in the orchestra, with plenty of 
good local material at hand from which to select the 
" strengthened." The chorus is fresh-voiced, and evenly 
proportioned. It scattered at times during the opening 
performance, which was scarcely to be avoided, consider- 
ing the brief time for rehearsals and the many new voices 
unbroken to the Tivoli harness. Altogether the company 
impresses me as a good one. Hampered as it was by 
the uncertainties of a first night, Lucia, I am confident, 
initiated a successful season. 

# * * 

The men are the most favored of the principals. Michael- 
ena has the same old sunshine in his voice: a tenor warm, 
pliant, caressive, unheroic, and delicately, passionately 
dramatic. De Vries sings a broad-toned, cello-like bary- 
tone — strong, sure, and telling. Abramhoff we know like 
a brother. His sturdy bass, rich with eloquent rumblings 
and deep, deft staccati (like the mysterious, melodramatic 
plunk of a double-bass) makes him a valuable anchor man. 
He has all the qualities of the bass profound, minus the 
very lowest tones. I remember him in the Tavary produc- 
tion of Lea Huguenots: ploumpf ! ploumpf ! ! And 

when he came to the last low ploumpf ! he didn't have a 
word to say. 

Mme. Natali has a flute voice. Not a very agile flute 
voice, nor the voice of a very soulful flute, for it does not 
warble. It lacks moisture; it sounds unduly punctured — 
due, I hope, to the cold that Natali contracted for her 
opening night, and not the heritages of time and hard ser- 

# # * 

I am pondering over two estimates of London Assurance. 
Neither of them belong to me. The first I take from an 
advertisement in Tuesday's Examiner: " Most delightful 
comedy ever written. A Lasting Monument in the Crea- 

tion of the Fertile Brain of that Abnormally Clever Author- 
Actor, Dion L. Boucicault." The other is from the edi- 
torial introduction to the play: "It's success was at first 
accounted for by the unprecedented display of upholstery 
furniture which attended its production both on the Covent 
Garden and Park boards. We fear that but for these ex- 
ternal accompaniments, the play would not have had the 
run it experienced in this country." 

I now know what Oscar "Wilde meant when he wrote of 
the body snatchers of literature. 

* * * 

My own estimate lies between these two. I cannot look 
upon the comedy as a lasting monument in the creation of 
the fertile brain of its abnormally clever author-actor. (In 
very fact, I don't know just what that means). Nor can 
I believe that the upholstery furniture is responsible for its 
fifty-five years of vigorous existence. The Frawley Com- 
pany has played London Assurance at the Columbia this 
week without any wild burst of stage garniture, and in the 
smart, prosy costumes of to-day — yet it seems a lively old 
comedy still. Not a bit realistic, of course, or even human, 
with modern gowns, creased trowsers, and electric lights 
linked to those bouquet speeches of a day when time and 
lungs were plenty — but full of genial satire, action and fun, 
which, though objectionable ingredients to many modern 
play-makers, are not such bad things to stuff a comedy 
with, after all. 

* * * 

I have said before that Maxine Elliott finds her own in 
comedy. It was not a particularly brilliant observation; 
anybody might have made it, but I said it first, and it is 
the truth, and Lady Gay Spanker proves it. Barring 
Dazzle, Lady Gay was the best character in the perform- 
ance — a picture and a dream beside. If I were old and 
privileged, like Grandpa Willie Winter, I would say that 
Miss Elliott was as handsome, dashing, febrile, and mettle- 
some a Lady Gay as ever donned riding habit. And, had 
I Grandpa Willie's vastness of comparison, I would further 
say that Miss Cushman, who played the part at the old 
Park Theatre in 1841, is out-Spankered at every point. 

* # # 

A young actor, touring the English provinces as leading 
man for Mrs. Bandman Palmer, was one night accosted by 
a famous wit. "There are,'' said the wit, with fine epi- 
grammatic delivery, "only two ways of acting: one is not 
to act at all; the other is to play-act with Mrs. Bandman- 
Palmer." The famous wit was Oscar Wilde, the young 
actor Frank Worthing. We of San Francisco are now 
profiting by that epigram. Worthing no longer play-acts 
with Mrs. Bandman-Palmer — he does not act at all. He 
brings nature to the stage. If you don't believe me, see 
his Dazzle. It is a new Dazzle, I'll admit — but that's be- 
cause it is alive. 

* * * 

With the exception of Wyngate and his voice, it is a re- 
markably good performance from beginning to end. 
Power brings his versatile largeness to bear on Sir Har- 
court, and gives us a new and excellent phase of his char- 
acter skill. Even Leslie develops versatility. All that 
crisp, gingery manner of his gives way to the meek 
placidity of Dolly. Arbuckle moderates his glorious voice, 
and does good, even work as Max. Clark, despite his 
funny-walk and a brass-buttoned blue coat, handed down 
from the original production, which does not belong in a 
modern costume performance, no matter what the stage 
director says to the contrary, does Meddle with commend- 
able comicality. And Gertrude Elliott's Grace is as sin- 
cere a sentimental little simpleton as one wants to see. 

* # # 

I have always admired the sweet spirit of trustfulness 
with which Dan Frohman accepted Sardou's Americans 
Abroad. Frohman wanted a harmless little comedy, pure 
as a May-day festival, and he got it — got it directly under 
his back hair, I should say. It was so good that the New 
York Sunday-schools forewent their annual picnic and pie 
and hard-boiled egg contest, just that the Bible class and 
catechism debutantes might attend the matinee. "Life" 
was on the point of investing the moneys of its fresh-air 
fund in Lyceum Theatre tickets when Herbert Kelcey 
went on a strike and Frohman took down the play. 
Kelcey didn't mind wearing a bright Christian smile and a 

July ii, 1896. 


painter's blouse, but I or emulation to 

I of marrying F Inthrop just be- 

cause tbe poor dear girl had money to burn. 

• • • 

Kel 't plav the artUt this week at the Califor- 

nia. Ho plays Landolphe— a good, kind man-of-the-world, 
a man-of-the-world who does not make indecent exposures 
of his past, and who marries the heiress's pretty cousin 
without a struggle, though she. too. is infested by wealth. 
the role with easy, artistic dispatch. Beach 
• do the purity part. Hi^ trusty Methodist voice, 
healthful and sonorous, stands Mm in good stead. The 

blouse fits him like a birth mark. The dress suit Well, 

Beach is one of those proud, self-made sons of a republic 
who do not take easily to the little vanities of apparel. 

Stockwell breaks his record: for two consecutive weeks 
he has settled down to straightforward comedy work. 
Effie Shannon needs odIv half a chance to bring back the 
lovable ingenue of other days. Her Jessie Fairbanks is 
the quadruple extract of maidenly fragrance. Miss Oliver's 
Florence is more plausible than most of her young women 
have been, but it needs more flexibility and a little en- 
thusiasm. The Baroness is funnier than a drunken sketch 

bv Zim. 

* * * 

For nearly thirty years San Francisco has lived without 
Gounod's Romeo and Juliet. True, we have heard frag- 
ments of it sung to pianoforte accompaniments at local 
concert orgies, and Madame Patti, I believe, was kind 
enough to sing the Waltz Song at a musical reception — 
but the opera in its full glory of orchestration, scenic splen- 
dor, and tragic romanticism has been an unknown quantity 
until Wednesday night's performance at the Tivoli. 

It is easy and trite to say that it is one of Gounod's 
greatest works, for the greatest of all critics, Time, and 
the world have settled that. It is equallyeasy to say that 
the music is unmistakably Gounodian, for the ear of an 
Oriental could note the familiar flow of soft, clinging, rare- 
fied harmony that has made Faust the most universally be- 
loved of operas. And it is only lit that we should regard 
the advent of such a work as a red letter in our little mus- 
ical archives, even though a Melba or an Eames does not 
bring us Juliet or a Jean de Reszke, Romeo. 

What impressed me most in the one reading that I 
have been fortunate enough to hear is the exquisite 
flavor of romanticism that pervades the opera. There is 
a musical picturesqueness — an ineffable picturesqueness — 
to the themes and treatment of the lover's duets; a sub- 
dued, yet gorgeous melodramatic coloring to the strife of 
the Montagues and Capulets, and a vast, impressive tran- 
quility in Friar Lawrence. And so masterfully are these 
tonal characterizations lived up to that, even in the inter- 
twinings of orchestration and chorusing, the musical iden- 
tity of every role stands out clear and definite. The spirit 
of romance — ardent, tempestuous, tempered with a relig- 
iousness almost pagan in its splendid simplicity — is breathed 
in Borneo and Juliet, as in all of Gounod's creations. Whether 
he wrote for the majestic idolatry of Church, or the 
theatric splendor of the stage, the warm pulse of man, the 
quick blood of mortal, courses through every measure. 
* * # 

To Gustav Hinrichs I do homage for Wednesday night's 
success. He has brought the Tivoli orchestra nearer to 
perfection than it ever has been before; and with such 
people as Nina Bertini Humphreys (who at best has only 
a mild, colorless soprano), and Miss Anna Russell (who 
could not strike the key, even by fluke) to impede him, he 
gave a brave performance of an exacting work. The men, 
as in Lucia, divided all the good singing. Michaelena, 
though at times the long half-voice passages perceptibly 
fatigued him, sang Romeo with fine ardor. Moreover, he 
made a great deal of the histrionic opportunities the role 
offers, which is an agreeable innovation to the Tivoli, or 
any other operatic stage. For some time I have suspected 
Raffael of sinking away a big portion of his voice against 
grand opera time. I was right. He disgorged gener- 
ously as Mercutio, and vibrated the Tivoli (which is becom- 
ing as old and resonant as the belly of a Strad) as he has 
not done in moons. If Hinrichs is by nature at all recip- 
rocal he will thank the Tivoli management for good orches- 
tra material, good chorus material, and Raffael — and 

another little man whom the audience never sees, but who 
is responsible for all the movement, tableaux, scenery and 
OOStumes which make up the tasteful stage pictures — 

George La 

• • * 

Monday night commences the last weekof tbeRossow 

midgets at the Orpheum. Mason and Manola in an oper- 
atic sketch; the Washburne sisters, song and dance 

comediennes; the Donates, who have only two legs between 

them, and Hugh .1. Knimett, the ventriloquist, are the new 
features of next week s programme, 

William 1'avcrshain. Viola Allen, May Robson, Annie 
Irish. .Mrs. Thomas Whiffet), Ida Conquest, J. E. Dodson, W. 
H. Crompton, Ferdinand Gottschalk, and Robert Edeson are 
among the prominent members of Charles Frohman's Em- 
pire Theatre Company, which opens at the Baldwin, on 
Monday, the 27th inst. 

Carmen, dramatized, was the theatrical fad in the East 
last season. Rose Coghlan and Frederick Warde, sup- 
ported by Stockwell's Company, will produce a new edition 
of the story on Monday night at the California. 

Rameo ami Juliet will have three more performances 
(Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday) at the Tivoli next 
week. Rigoletto is the opera for Monday, Wednesday, 
Friday, and Sunday. 

The Charity Ball, which accomplished the banner week 
at the Columbia Theatre, will be given again by the Fraw- 
ley's next week. 

Moore's Poison Oak Remedy 
Cures Poison Oak and all Skin Diseases. Sold by all druggists. 

California Theatre. AL - H ™ & Co -' '^oS 

You have never seen the like in the way of a stage production. 
The drama of 


To be produced at this theatre nest Monday evening, July 13th, 
by a great cast, which will include FREDERICK WARDE, 
ROSE COGHLAN, and the full strength of L. R. Stockwell's 
company of plajers. New and elaborate scenery; specially de- 
signed costumes, and above all the most brilliant dramatized 
version of the story yet brought out. 
Monday, July aOch— MADAME 

O^L.^k!-. TU^-I^ The "Gem" Theatre of the Coast. 
V/OIUrT\Dia I neclXre- Friedlander, Gottlob&Co., Lessees 

and Managers. 

Again the climax of them all. Commencing Monday, July 13th, 

a unanimous demand for a repetition of 


The great New York Lyceum Theatre success, by San Fran 
Cisco's "Home Organization," THE FRAWLEY COMPANY, 
the only perfect dramatic organization in America. 
Scenic Synopsis: Act 1, The sitting room at the rectory;' 
Christmas day, 1887. Act II, At the Metropolitan Opera House; 
evening of the Charity Ball (two weeks later). Act III, The 
study at the rectory "in the watches of the night, 1 ' (two hours 
later). Act IV, The sitting room, morning of memorial day, 
1889 (eighteen months later). Elegant costumes by Redfern, 
Moskowski, and Worth. Our regular popular prices. 

San Francisco's Greatest Music Hall. O'Farrell 
street, between Stockton and Powell streets. 

Week commencing Monday, July 13th, Notable additions to a 
strong bill: Mason & Manola, The Donatos, Hugh J. Emmett, 
The Washburne Sisters, Lillian Western; last week of the 


Matinee Prices : Parquet, any seat, 25c. ; balcony, any seat, 10c ; 
children, 10c, any part. 

Reserved Seats, 35c; Balcony, 10c; Opera chairs and box 
seats, 50c. Matinees Wednesdays, Saturdays and Sundays. 

Mrs. Ernestine Kreling. 

Proprietor and Manager 

Season of Italian and English grand opera, under the direction 
of Mr Gustav Hinrichs. This Saturday evening, LtJCIA. 
To-morrow evening. ROMEO AND JULIET. Repertoire next 
week: Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday evenings, 
Verdi's celebrated lyric drama, 

Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday evenings, Gounod's tragic opera, 

Greatcast; special scenery; correct costumes. 
In preparation: Mignon; Martha. 
Popular Prices 25o and 50c 


The Model 




Tivoli Opera House. 

1206 Sutter St., S. F. 

TelepKone 2388 


July if, 1896. 

•^^KEff 0tof- : 

THE good intentions of our friends sometimes cause 
embarrassment. That is what Fred Lawrence thought 
yesterday when he found in the Examiner business office 
a large bundle addressed to him, covered with the strange 
looking stamps of a foreign land, and bearing in a prom- 
inent place three large red letters — "C. O. D." Heopened 
the package with some misgivings, and found a suit of 
underclothing which, although as clean as a laundry could 
make it, bore unmistakable signs of long and honorable 
service. Pinned to the unmentionables was a note from 
the landlord of the house in which Lawrence had resided 
in Havana while depicting the brutality of "Butcher" 
Weyler for the edification of an astonished civilization. 
The honest Cuban wrote that having found the under- 
clothing in the room of his guest after that gentleman's 
departure, he had sent them to the laundry, and then, 
knowing the value of such habiliments in a land of freedom, 
had at once despatched them to the owner. 

The underclothing had followed Lawrence to New York, 
and thence across the continent to this city, the charges 
accumulating with each mile of transportation until, when 
the obliging cashier of the Examiner business office re- 
ceived the bundle and cheerfully paid the toll, $5.50 was 
deducted from the account of the war correspondent. 

"And the hardest part of it all is," said Lawrence, as 
he gazed sadly at the reminders of the warm days in 
Havana, "this whole outfit isn't worth twenty cents. I 
left these things in the room because they were not worth 
giving away, and I did not think to burn them. I suppose 
that every day for a month now I will receive old socks, 
worn out shoes, battered hats and ancient neckties from 
that honest Cuban landlord, all marked "C. O. D." 

* * * 

A matronly member of the Four Hundred, who delights 
in chaperoning debutantes, regarding herself as peculiarly 
fitted to the delicate duty on account of her pronounced 
hostility to the ordinary fads, follies and frivolities of the 
fair sex, called on her family physician the other day to 
be treated for a severe local inflammation, involving the 
side of her face and neck. The doctor inquired in a solicitous 
tone after her general health, and then examined her face 

"Madam," said he, gravely, "you should paint " 

"But, doctor, you know I have always been unalterably 
opposed to that practice," pleaded the patient. "It is 
simply disgusting." 

"I am prescribing for you, madam, aud I prefer to fol- 
low my own ideas of practice. You must paint " 

"But, doctor, it makes one's face look so terrible. It 
utterly ruins the natural texture of the skin, and there is 
no way of restoring it." 

"Nonsense, madam. It is the most common practice." 

"Yes, I know it is altogether too common. That only 
makes it more disgusting." 

"Now, to-night, you must paint " 

"Well, I suppose I must." 

" paint your face and neck with colorless iodine " 

"Oh — with iodine. Why, certainly, doctor," and she 
heaved a sigh of relief. 

* # * 

Horace Piatt, who has rented General Dickinson's Sau- 
salito house, is going in heavily for aquatics. The willowy 
form of the gifted advocate is seen every evening bending 
to the oars off that stormy quarter known as Hurricane 
Gulch. Mr. Piatt, who is nothing if not classical, has re- 
named his place Tuscalum, after the villa of the other 
Horace who was given to odes. General Dickinson declares 
he'll change it back to its old name of "Seagull's Roost," 
as soon as he returns from the woods. 

* * * 

Judge Hunt is one of the most gentle and sensitive souls 
that ever sat on a bench, and he actually grieves over the 
heated and acrimonious disputes between "attorneys that 

will arise over the most trifling matter. They dri 
him almost frantic while on the bench, and he has long 
since abandoned the thankless task of acting as a media- 
tor. The Judge, however, has found means of effecting 
reconciliations. He has hit upon the happy idea of hang- 
ing the photographs of all the leading attorneys in his 
apartments, so when he retires to his home after the wor- 
ries and cares of the day, he sees them at their best — when 
they are silent — and forgets what they have been. If two 
attorneys happen to clash during the day in his court, his 
first task on reaching his room is to place their smiling 
photographs side by side. There General Barnes gazes 
with enraptured awe and admiration upon Colonel Kowal- 
sky, who smiles benignly down on the General. P. G. Gal- 
pin's eyes beam with confidence and return the admiriDg 
smile of D. M. Delmas. Samuel M. Shortridge and George 
A. Knight stand side by side almost ready to clasp hands; 
and W. W. Foote, Henry E. Highton, Carroll Cook, and 
Reuben Lloyd all join in the general love feast. Judge 
Hunt beams on each in turn and is happy. 

* * * 

It comes awfully hard on those sweet young girls who 
have been queens of carnivals and fiestas to have to return 
to the ordinary affairs of life when their brief reign is over. 

Take away that shocking wash-board, and give me back my crown. 

Was it to iron father's shirts I laid my scepter down ? 

Who talks to me of baking ? Fling that biscuit pan aside, 

Let me once more in my regal barge, float upward with the tide, 

Put out that saleratus, cast that apron in the grate, 

And garb my glorious form in my flowing robes of State. 

Have I not read the papers ? was not my picture there ? 
And did not the reporters pronounce me passing fair ? 
Call back my maids of honor, to wait at my command, 
Let all my loyal subjects caress my jeweled hand. 
What ho! without there, minions, remove this frying pan, 
My name is Angeline, I'm no longer Mary Anne. 

Alas, alasl 'twas but a dream — I ope my eyes with pain, 
Vanished scepter, crown, and palace— I am a drudge again. 

* * * 

The very latest and most original fad affected by the 
Four Hundred is the artificial blush. It is not that steady 
glow that one is accustomed to see on the cheek of the 
faded belle, but a genuine flush that comes and goes at 
will. And now the pale-faced young woman who was com- 
pelled to feign embarrassment by hiding behind her fan, 
can turn crimson in a second, and bring delight to the 
heart of her admirer by murmuring: 

"You're a horrid wretch." 

And that flush of innocence is a never ending source of 
delight to him. He can almost see her heart beat faster 
and the blood mount to her cheek as he approaches, and 
he congratulates himself on his conquest. Little does he 
suspect that the secret is in that flimsy bit of lace she 
holds in her hand, but there it is. Concealed in its folds is 
a long silver vial containing a dozen drops of nitrite of 
amyl. She sees him approaching and she holds the vial to 
her nostrils; one deep inhalation and her face is instantly 
suffused with an artificial flush that would do justice to 
the most ingenuous debutante. In a second it is gone, but 

it has done its work. 

* * * 

Uncle George Bromley has taken Monterey by storm. 
He has infused new life into the stagnant guests at the 
Del Monte. First he gives them " Shinboue Alley " as a 
sort of mental cocktail, and soothes them down with " The 
Cows Come Slowly Home " when he thinks the strain has 
been too much for them. Two young ladies from Boston, 
who, before Uncle George's arrival, could not walk with- 
out pain, are now sufficiently recovered to wander with 
that venerable Bohemian in the maze, and, indeed, their 
conduct has created no small scandal in the Del Monte com- 

* * * 

Colonel A. G. Hawes, resident agent in London of the 
New York Life, an ex-President of the Bohemian Club, 
and who has always been one of its most prominent mem- 
bers, has returned to California for a brief visit. The 
Colonel's accent is not a bit changed, and the only Angli- 
cisms perceptible in this elegant gentleman are in his spats 
and his waistcoat. The latter is of the true Piccadilly 
summer pattern, and is a sweet and refreshing thing to 

July n, 1896. 


gaie upon. Colonel Ha»r- le of the most alTablc 

men t • the I'nion .lark. Iia* 

met the Prince of Wales, ftod reporta mosl favorably upon 
that individual Be -;iy> the I'ritue is B Bort of edition ■/> 
I Northrop d i:' Mr. Oowlea made up with 

a surinklintr of tlour in his beard, and were B few Inches 
taller, he would be the living imajje of Walee ' olonel 
Ilawi's i- a little indisposed just now. but as soon as be is 
able to stand the strain the Bohemians are to (rive him a 
rousing welcome home dinner. 

* * « 

A man in Philadelphia, having cut a woman's throat. 
concealed himself in the attic above the room in which the 
murder had been committed. There he lay for two days, 
being entertained meanwhile by listening to the theories 
of the crime enunciated by the detectives who now and 
again gathered in the room beneath. Finally he wearied 
of his confinement, and, descending, lay down in the bed in 
which he had killed the woman and cut his own throat. 
There he was found a few days later. On a table was this 
note : " I have wa ; ted two days for the Philadelphia detec- 
tives to arrest me. and, life becoming a burden, I will cut 
my throat. ' Now, wouldn't it be unkind if Blanther, or 
the men who killed Stagg, or the slayer of the drug clerk 
in the St. Nicholas building, or the murderers of the fallen 
women, or any one of half a dozen other assassins of this 
town should cast a reflection like that on the local detec- 
tive force? 

* * * 

Al. Murphy, the " Blinker Murphy" of the Examiner, 
got his name in a peculiar way. The Murphys have given 
largely to the press of this city. They are Paddy Mur- 
phy, Frank Murphy, and Blinker Murphy, all reporters on 
the dailies. Al. was hunting around the cavities of his 
brain one day for a nom de plume for his new political de- 
partment when he met Ross Jackson. Murphy's eyes were 
sore, and he wore colored glasses. "Why, what are you 
doing with those blinkers on ? " asked Jackson. "Come and 
take a drink, Ross," rejoined Murphy, exultantly. "You 
have helped me out. Blinker Murphy will do." 

And it did, and moreover led to Mr. Murphy's neat little 
sinecure of secretary to the Pilot Commissioners, where 
he has to sign his name only once a month and draw $100 
monthly for the same. Blinker's wonderful command of 
slang is the spice of those articles. 

* * * 

The Bohemian Club is apprehensive that the approach- 
ing midsummer high jinks will be the lastit will ever hold in 
its old ground, Meeker's Grove, wherein are the grandest 
sequoia in the State. The woodman's axe has cleared 
away the trees about the grove, and unless the Bohemians 
buy it. nothing but a forest of stumps will be left. Now 
that the institution is out of debt, some of the most active 
of the members are agitating the question of purchasing 
this grand rendezvous, issuing bonds if necessary, but 
securing it at any effort. 


pj^DMUND M. Cooper, General Manager of Wells, Fargo 
J_/ & Co. 's Express, passed away at 1a. m., on the 7th 
inst., after an illness of only twenty-four hours' duration. 
The deceased had been connected with the Company for 
twelve years, coming from Chicago to manage a business 
which was even then of enormous magnitude. He possessed 
executive ability to a great degree, and has made friends 
of every one with whom he came in contact. By his death 
the Express Company will lose a tried and efficient official 
and the city a substantial and energetic business man. 

A Prince's Tipple. 
A well-known citizen, who has just returned from England, was 
introduced to the Prince of Wales at the Derby. His Highness was 
in capital humor, for his horse had just won the Blue Kibbon of tbe 
turf. So he graciously passed the American his flask. The flavor 
was unmistakable. It was "Old Saratoga," now the choice of the 
British upper ten.— New York Journal. 

Ladies, when through with their shopping, should step into the 
Maison Riche for a delicious lunch. 

St. Denis" 

Broadway & t IthSt., 

Rooms $1.00 per Day urn! I'pwardA. 

Ill ii tin ■■ \\ hrlliT 

the SI. D.'iii- 

Ttae grcol popularity it h*a ftcqnlrod cad readily 
iu unique location, ir« home-Ilka il 
jihiTf, the peculiar c i m andeervloe, 

tnd it* very modci atn pri© -. 


Good Appetite^ 

Is restored and the disordered 
Stomach and Liver invigorated by taking a 
small wineglassful, before meals, of the cele- 


xsdbqqoqo: ■ ■ • • - 


Gitu Street Improvement 60., 

Rooms, 11 and 45, Fifth Floor, Mills Building. 

Telephone, Main 5377. 

Sacramento Office, 411 cl St. 

ni rectors • 

H Dotard. C. B. Stone. T. B. Bishop, J. W. McDonald, 
W. E. Dennison. J. W. McDonald, President; W. E. Dennison, 
Secretary; Col J. H. Mendell, Corps of Engineers, TJ. S. A., (Retired) 
Consulting Engineer. 

Proprietors Santa Cruz, Cal., and King City, Monterey Co.. 


Contractors for all kinds of street work, bridges, and rail- 
way construction, wharves, jetties, and sea walls. 

W. fl. RAMSEY, 

Successor to 


Merchant ^ Tailor 
I2l Montaomeru Street, 

Opposite Occidental Hotel. 


When you are selecting a wedding present, go to S. & G. Gump's, 
113 Geary street. They have a magnificent variety to choose from. 

"Gold Seal" 

The Best Made. 


Excellent Quality. 

"Gonquerer" I 

Fine Quality . 


"Pioneer " 

Medium Quality. 


Fair Quality. 


Cotton Hose. 


Cotton Hose. 

Good Quality. 
Rubber-Lined COTTON Hose "Eureka" Brand, Best Quality. 


577 and 579 MARKET ST., S. F. 


Vice-Pres. and Manager 


July ii,i? 

The holidays interfered with the mining 

The Pine market to some extent, and even yet the 

Street Market, brokers and their clients have hardly 

settled down to work. The movements 
of the principal shares keep the street guessing, and the 
chipper for once has his work cut out in following the ups 
and downs in values without dropping all their profits for 
the month previous. Just when the bottom seems ready 
to drop out of everything, up go prices with a spring 
which suggests the possibility that they will never come 
down again. This keeps the talent from selling, and be- 
fore they can decide upon any course of action, down come 
the shares with a thud, and the winnings on paper of a 
few minutes before are swept into oblivion. The news 
from the Chollar mine is of a character which renders a 
heavy shot line, unhealthy for most people. While values 
do not build up in a way likely to create or stimulate any 
excitement, still there is sufficient merit, with possibilities 
in store for the future to justify the belief that an up- 
heaval is apt to take place at any moment. So far there 
has been but little activity at the South end of the lode, 
but veteran dealers are sanguine that a blaze must sooner 
or later break out in that quarter. At Con. Cal. -Virginia 
the trouble from gas is well nigh ended. This stock is 
billed to look upward again in time, and holders are safe 
in comparison with investors who continually pick stocks 
with less genuine merit behind them. Norcross was 
assessed 15 cents during the week. 

When the strike of ore was made 
The Brunswick Lode on the 200-level of the Chollar loca- 
Looming Up. tion on the Brunswick lode, it 

rather rattled the individuals who 
have never ceased yelling that the ground was barren ever 
since it was taken up. It proved, for one thing, that the 
new lode was mineralized, giving renewed hope for the fu- 
ture in the breasts of those who were spending their time 
and money in the work of development. The next propo- 
sition was: did the ore go down ? There were many 
doubts about that also, and the pessimists got another 
chance to air their dolorous chant. Last week, most un- 
expectedly, for the drift on the 300-level had not pene- 
trated to the region where anything was looked for, ore 
was cut eight feet north from the Norcross line, and 
twenty-six feet north of the point where it came in on the 
200 above. In speaking about the new find, the Virginia 
Chronicle says: The south drift on the 300-level is skirting 
the ledge on the west side, and the new ore deposit came 
in on the east side. About two feet of ore is showing on the 
east side of the drift. It is expected that the direction of 
the drift will carry it into the ore again as it proceeds 
south. The drift is being sent ahead in a southerly direction. 
Superintendent Kerwin and other mining men who have 
examined the strike said that it was looking well and is a 
promising development. Thedevelopment is considered very 
important in mining circles, as it shows that the ore found 
on the 200-level goes down and probably spreads out as it 
descends. It raises the hope that a big body of ore may 
be discovered. 

Colonel Sutherland, President of the 

Candelaria Holmes mine, returned from Candelariaon 

Livening Up. Thursday, and reports the pipe line of the 

Candelaria Company in good condition, de- 
livering upwards of 200,000 gallons more than required in 
the town and surrounding country. The Superintendent 
of the Holmes Company has been testing the gold vein re- 
cently discovered in Candelaria, and finds the average 
value for over one mile in length to be $20 in gold and 
from four to eight ounces in silver. This camp will soon 
start up under favorable auspices, and as the present 
management is opposed to assessments, shareholders need 
have no fear to hold on until the good times come. The 
Candelaria Company is having a good time over the 
vegetables produced, as well as their fruit, cucumbers, 
onions, cantelopes, etc., etc., are the best in Nevada. 

There was a time, and not so very long 

Gold Mines At ago, when the man in search of amine 

A Premium, could afford to be fastidious in regard to 

locality, and the district had as much to 
do with the value of a property as its surface indications. 
Now, however, the conditions are changed, and the old 
saying holds good that ''Gold is where you find it." 
From Alaska to Mexico prospectors are on the move. Dis- 
tances cut little figure, when a promising prospect 
offers. For years past the sandy wastes along the Colo- 
rado were ignored, although their wealth in gold was fully 
recognized. Water was scarce, the climate was hot, and 
that settled it. Before long it will be difficult to get a 
square yard of unclaimed ground on either side of the 
river. The bonanza deposits of quartz, gravel, and cement 
to be found in this region are attracting men and capital 
toward the coming Johannesburg of the West, and scarcely 
a day passes without some new departures for the new El 
Dorado. Gold is a magnet which will draw the money neces- 
sary to introduce all the water required for working pur- 
poses, and a plentiful supply of the generous fluid will speedily 
revolutionize conditions which, at present, it must be ad- 
mitted, are rather uninviting. 

The semi-annual financial statement of 
A Great Monied the Hibernia Savings and Loan Society, 
Institution. for the term ended June 30th, marks an- 
other era of prosperity for this wealthy 
bank. The total assets aggregate the magnificent sum of 
$36,552,014, of which sum nearly a million is represented 
in gold coin, cash on hand, with close on seven millions of 
dollars invested in United States Bonds. This bank, while 
pursuing a very conservative policy, transacted a very 
heavy business during the past six months, and its profits 
were large. The loans on real estate amount to $25,655,- 
156, and, in addition, $255,600 has been loaned out on such 
sterling security as Market street and other city railroad 
bonds. Its reserve fund is now placed at $2,610, i08. Such 
enormous figures speak well for the Hibernia Savings and 
Loan Society and the careful management of the gentle- 
men who manage its extensive operations. 

The nigger in the wood pile, but poorly 
The Raid concealed at best, became strikingly prom- 
On Bankers, inent when no less than twenty millions 
were added to the assessments of the city 
bank during the past week. Of course Assessor Siebe 
cannot be blamed for the performance of his duty, and no 
doubt need be felt in placing the onus of the outrage on 
the shoulders of the one man responsible in the premises. 
Mr. Budd, by the grace of "de push, " Governor of the 
State of California, made the game in this instance. His 
animus is difficult to appreciate, unless a never-failing dis- 
position to raise complications of every kind, calculated to 
disturb the serenity of the situation in trade and com- 
merce, on every available opportunity. Radical reform is 
as dangerous in its way as the laxity of methods suggests 
its necessity. 

The three biggest Life Companies of 
New York had assets aggregating the 
sum of $594,253,215, or almost exactly 
equal to the combined assets of the 
twenty-nine companies doing business in New York in 
1885, at the end of which year their assets were reported 
at the aggregate of $595,670,577. Their total amount of 
insurance ir. force December 31, 1895, was $2,609,995,739, an 
amount greater than that of all the companies doing busi- 
ness in New York in any year prior to 1888. Their sur- 
plus at the same date was §90,363,215, which is more than 
the entire surplus held, on the same standard of valua- 
tion, by all the companies at the end of any year prior to 

The Hawaiian Government has received 
Refunding The an offer from London to refund the en- 
Hawaiian Debt, tire public debt, amounting to nearly 
$4,000,000 at four per cent interest, two 
per cent, commission, and five per cent, discount, bonds to 
run twenty-five years without the right to redeem. A new 
loan bill of $2,000,000, at five per cent, par bonds and two per 
cent, commission has been introduced. About $800,000 of 
these bonds will be issued in 1896. It is calculated that 
$350,000 will be placed in Honolulu. The balance will be 
offered on the markets of San Francisco and New York. 

Life Companies. 

July it, 1896. 



' Httr theCrlcr:" "Wbii tho derll »ri ihou!" 
•Oncth»t wlllpUT thcJcvU. sir. with you." 

n5T of the dailies have now what might In- termed a 
rl Journal " department, where the matrimonial 
alliances of the aristocracy (" wedami common a 

ied. and where the Market-street chippy, 
by the expenditure of a nickel, can read all about the 
bride's wardrobe, the color of her stockings, and the de- 
f her garters. This is a truly delightful state of 
things, and must be most gratifying to the milliners and 
women tailors. True, there may be a large class of readers 
outside the intimate friends of the bride and groom, who 
do not relish it. and call it bosh, and use curse words when 
the gush hits them particularly hard. But those growlers 
are not to be considered. We are truly a provincial peo- 
ple, and must take our daily dose of provincialism by the 

IT was a fortunate thing that Beylard and Baldwin did 
not fight that duel at Burlingame, and crimson the 
cheerful polo ground with their gore. That club is 
altogether a too nice institution, even though the plebeians 
at it. to be made the scene of what our ever voluble 
friend, the police reporter, would call a disgraceful affair. 
Better, oh far better, Marie, the popping of champagne 
corks than the banging of pistols, the perfume of pinks 
than the vile smell of powder, and a chicken liver brochette 
is at all times preferable to a man for breakfast. They 
are both brave men, and if Beylard called Baldwin a 
naughty name, we hope it was uttered in French, and 
purely in a Pickwickian sense. 

WHEN the shy tourist enters within our gates armed to 
the teeth, and filled with apprehensions, we scoff at 
him, and say Go to, thou tenderfoot, for lo! we are a 
peaceful people.'' Indeed we are. Certainly. We are so 
awfully peaceful that when a woman lays aside her Bible 
for a moment, and pauses in the middle of the "Sermon on 
the Mount" to take a shot at a defendant in open court, 
every pillar of the law thrusts his hand in his rear pocket 
for his pistol. Let us be honest, and confess the truth. 
We may play golf and polo, but by the shades of the 
lamented Colonel Bowie and Three-fingered Dick, we are 
still a league or two away from civilization. 

OXE of the disadvantages of being a millionaire is that 
the course of true love positively declines to run 
smooth for you. Every feeling heart must sympathize 
with tender, passionate, romantic Lucky Baldwin, who 
yet, being rich, has only to smile upon one of the fair in 
order to bring a libel suit on his hands. And his gallant 
efforts to make himself agreeable have so often been 
punctuated by pistol shots that one wonders why he doesn't 
either buy up all the deadly weapons in town or make ap- 
plication to Archbishop Riordan for admission to a monas- 
tery. If the fascinating Baldwin were poor his life would, 
we should say from looking at him, be quite safe. But, 
after all, what is life without love ? 

lUf P. Tarpey is a good Democrat and a good fellow, and 
1 Li it is not his fault that he had the Examiner's sup- 
port for the retention of his place on the National Demo- 
cratic Committee. The friends of Senator White are be- 
ginning to tremble for him, too. Mr. Hearst, who pur- 
sued him with insult and calumny when the Senator was a 
candidate, is now fawning upon him so industriously that 
slaver drips from the Examiner's columns. Possibly it is 
a new mode of attack; perhaps it is only a slavish-souled 
creature's tribute to power, but, in either case, Senator 
White has reason to be pale. 

DR. Brown, notwithstanding his celebrity as a scoundrel, 
doesn't seem to draw well as an independent preacher. 
He can't grasp the reason, and neither can his faithful, if 
discouragingly small, congregation. Yet it is perfectly 
apparent to the unregenerate miud. The lamentable truth 
is, brethren and sisters, that God, in his infinite wisdom, 
didn't see fit, when he otherwise rigged the Doctor out as 
a man, to give him brains. The only sacred function for 
which the Almighty designed Brown was that of passing 
the plate. 

WHAT does Father Yorke mean by threatening the 
Kr\ Dr. Dille with the same fate as that which over- 
whelmed the Rot, i>r. Overman Brown? Father Yorke 

is a trained controversialist, and BO one knows more of the 
danger to his own ease of bearing false witness such as 
" the chief priests and elders and all the council Bought 
against Jesus" than lie. And yet we hope, nay, we pray 
by all the seeds of abrvt prtoatorius, that the Lucian ban 
of lewdness ami obscenity may not be successfully laid at 
another cleric's door, although our a 111 ic ted and much tried 
nostrils sniff significantly, like dear old Mrs. Gamp, when 
we .see another danger signal Hying in the air. 

OUR sister in the Lord, Sarah B, Cooper, proposes that 
the policemen of this city maintain a kindergarten for 
the little children of the poor. We are perfectly willing 
to see these ornamental lilies do something in return for 
the salaries paid them, but we think they might even profit 
by a little education themselves. We do not like to doubt 
the motives of so eminent a philanthropist as our saintly 
sister, but it ni'ght be well for her to think up another 
scheme whereby she can curry favor with the Lord and do' 
a little good as well. 

WHAT a shock and delight it would be to this town if a 
daily newspaper should suddenly take it into its head 
to speak about public affairs with the same truth and 
frankness that sensible men bring to their discussion in 
ordinary conversation. Whyunseasoned boiled tripe should 
be considered the only permissible material for editorials 
by the local press is a mystery which hides in the skulls of 
the managers of the modest publications which respect- 
fully describe themselves as great metropolitan dailies. 
¥E are sorry to hear that the Reverend C. Overman 
Brown will shortly leave the city, taking with him his 
little brood of Brownlets. The Lord, we fear, is turning 
the light of his countenance from us, and we doubt if we 
can survive his displeasure. Dr. Colburn is still with us, 
however, and a little of him goes a long way. 

SICKLY sentimentality is again being displayed: over 
Emma Ashley. The woman is a diseased result of rot- 
ten Sunday School training, and should be kept in a jail 
until Death flings her into the great pit where she will be 

JUDGING by the statement that Emma Ashley asked 
her friend God whether she should kill Baldwin or not, 
and then did so, we presume that the' Almighty gave her 
permission to pot at him, knowing full well that with a bard 
heart and a soft head the results could not be fatal. 
]V* ISS Emma Ashley is to be congratulated upon having 
_/'L attempted to admit daylight into "Lucky" Baldwin's 
cranium. But why did she eat fat pork with her fingers 
while in prison? That does not speak well for her home- 

THE Reverend John Stephens, whose house was burg- 
larized last week, will doubtless wish he had locked up 
his treasures in heaven. There they will be^ safe, for it is 
hardly to be supposed that dead Supervisors will ever be 

IP all our other officials would only follow Mayor Sutro's 
example and leave' the city, we might find it worth 
while to pension them on half pay. It would be far better 
for us to be ruled by honest thieves than by hypocritical 

JUDGE Campbell says that Court Clerk O'Brien is an 
improved man since he thrashed him. This is not only 
gratifying in itself, but hopefully recalls the fact that 
Judge Campbell himself has room for improvement. 

THE Board of Health's reports show that there has 
been a considerable falling off in the death rate of late. 
Considering that Dr. Sweany is still with us, we must say 
that we are surprised to hear it. 

A LADY who lives on Alabama street was hugged by a 
gentleman, and preferred a charge of battery against 
him. 'Scuse us, but we thought "bats" were confined to 
the tenderloin district. 

THE Aeromotor is likely to supplant the horse. Would 
to God it might do away with the ass as well. We 
might then be rid of Dr. Dille. 

THE Socialist Labor Party in this city has organized. 
The leaders are getting hungry. 



July II, 1896. 

A Book Mr. Gilbert Parker, the Canadian novelist, 
of has been gradually making his way to the 

The Week.* front in the world of letters. Gifted with the 
power of presenting vivid pictures to the 
reader, he is always striking even when he is not agree- 
able. In "Pierre and His People" Mr. Parker gave us 
many spirited incidents of life in the Canadian Northwest, 
and yet what a detestable character Pierre was. In his 
"Trail of the Sword" we had the story of Admiral Phipps' 
attempt to capture Quebec, and with a romantic plot we 
had flash-lights of history woven in the book. Indeed, all 
Mr. Parker's works educate the reader, and if, up to the 
present, he has not startled us with his brilliancy, he has 
pleased us with his finish, and instructed us with the easy 
grace with which he clothed the cold facts of history. But 
now comes a change, for here we have his last book, "The 
Seats of the Mighty, Being the Memoirs of Captain Robert 
Morey, Some Time an Officer of the Virginia Regiment, 
and Afterwards of the Amherst Regiment," and we do 
not hesitate to say that it is by far the most serious thing 
he has undertaken, and the best. Even in this age, pro- 
lific as it is in good works of historical romance, this last 
book of Mr. Gilbert Parker's cannot fail to be regarded as 
a masterly effort, powerful, keen, witty, and historical, and 
yet with not a trace of the pedagogue in its pages. At the 
moment of writing this review we cannot remember any- 
thing in Conan Doyle, Stanley I. Weyman, or Anthony 
Hope more romantic, entertaining, or admirable than we 
find in "The Seats of the Mighty," and the book places the 
author easily at the head of Canadian novelists, and in the 
front rank of the master writers of historical fiction of the 
decade. It is to be regretted, however, that the author 
did not submit his proof sheets to his friend, Mr. Lemoine, 
the antiquarian scholar of Quebec, and if he had, that gen- 
tleman would have reminded him that the citadel, in which 
his hero was confined before the capture of that city by 
General Wolfe, was not built at that time, nor for many 
years after. For the sake of historical accuracy this fact 
interferes somewhat with the truthfulness of detail, and 
how it could have escaped so close a student as Mr. Parker 
must have been, we cannot easily understand. But this 
does not interfere with the literary merit of the work nor 
detract from the splendid portrayal of the fight for life 
and love, which never flags from cover to cover. But with 
this, and one or two other minor exceptions, Mr. Parker 
took pains to fit his story into the facts of history, and the 
result is that he has given his romance a flavor of reality 
as descriptive as it is charming. 

The hero of the book has been a prisoner in the hands of 
the French for about three years previous to the incidents 
in the opening chapters of the book. He had been wounded 
on the Ohio and taken prisoner, and had liberty, on parole, 
in the "ancient capital" of "New France," as Canada 
was then called. The very surroundings of the old city are 
i-omantic even to-day, and the Palace of the Intendant, the 
home of the Governor, the Marquis de Vandreuil, who is 
so often mentioned in the story, was, until the last few 
years, used as a "Palace of Justice," and Mr. Parker 
gives us some glimpses of life within its walls which are full 
of dramatic force and power. But the hero, during his 
captivity, sends some information to the English General; 
his letters are intercepted, he is arrested as a spy, and is 
confined in a dungeon. Then a fascinating villain comes on 
the scene, one Doltaire, whose intrigues and jealousies cast 
a sinister shadow on the lives of the hero and a French 
Canadian girl the hero has learned to love. The badinage 
between this Doltaire, who is a captain in the army and a 
natural son of the King by a peasant woman, is character- 
istic of the period— gay, frivolous, and abandon, reeking 
with the odor of the camp fire, and yet retaining the 
national traits of French or English as spoken by the 
prisoner and his gay tormenter. As a bit of character 
drawing, Doltaire is superb, and is the best in the book. 
His finesse, his delicacy, his ruthlessness, the mingling in 
him of prince and peasant, is portrayed with consummate 

art. The debonair manner of Doltaire, as he conveys 
Captain Morey to prison for having sent information to 
General Braddock, and, indeed, his conduct all through the 
book, is as fascinating a piece of individual picture draw- 
ing as we have seen for some time, and, if Mr. Parker bad 
done nothing but this, it is enough to stamp him as a genius 
among his kind. But it would not be fair to tell the story 
to the end, and whether Captain Morey marries his French 
Canadian love, is shot for a spy, or escapes to the English 
lines, we must leave the reader to find out, contenting our- 
selves with the pleasure we found in the literary and art- 
istic merits of the work. It is a book in which the action is 
swift and the situations strong and full of dramatic force, 
while the narrative is spirited. After reading it we felt — 
indeed, we knew — that we had one more master of fiction 
alive, an author who can give us a coherent plot, one that 
runs smoothly from the opening to the close. There is not 
a forced situation in the story, and there is no straining 
after effect. We are thrilled and our heart beats are 
quickened, and yet it is all done so naturally that we won- 
der at the intensity of our interest. In fact, " The Seats 
of the Mighty " is a great novel, and one that gives Mr. 
Parker a world-wide reputation, at least in the English 
world of letters. 
*" The Seats of the Mighty." Appletons. For sale at Doxey's. 

"The Vanished Emperor" will not rank as one of Mr. 
Percy Andrse's best books. It is well written, and in the 
same good, plain Anglo-Saxon which characterizes the 
author of "Mr. Stanhope of Chester," but there is much 
irrelevant matter between the covers, and the busy reader 
can " skip" pages of description without losing the thread 
of the story. As a work of speculative politics the myste- 
rious disappearance of a certain living emperor in Europe 
would, of course, cause a tremendous sensation, and this 
feature of the book gives Mr. Andra? much room for con- 
jecture, which is well sustained to the end, but the critic 
cannot but wonder that so good a writer as Mr. Percy 
Andra? would make a diplomat swear " by Heaven" in the 
presence of royalty and a royal princess threaten to 
"curse" people in the presence of a diplomat. We would 
like to speak well of this author's works, for we admire 
his plain Anglo-Saxon writing, and he has proved himself 
to be good at plot and dialogue. Judging from his past, 
we believe he can do better than "The V r anished Emperor," 
and that if we all live, and he tries, we hope to be able to 
write good things about him again. Rand, McNally & Co. 
For sale at Doxey's. 

"Checked Through," by Richard Henry Savage, is a 
book for men, and will be of interest to men only. It is 
brilliant, of course, for we could expect nothing else from 
the author of "My Official Wife," but it is a book whose 
chief characters are New York politicians, detectives, 
saloon keepers, Tammany, and a millionaire, and when we 
had read it we felt that it might have been labeled " For 
Men Only." To be sure the author covers the continent 
in the range of places mentioned, and he transports us 
from Newport to the Bowery, from Sag Harbor to St. 
Louis, from New Jersey to Montana, and then hies us to 
Cuba and the Tyrol, but the central figures are New 
Yorkers, murderous, beer swilling, thieving New Yorkers, 
with their counterpoise, the millionaire and the professional 
thief catcher. It is a book of living interest, and it gives 
a capital view of the dark side of the Empire City, but we 
question the prudence of giving all the criminals in the 
book a generic appellation by which they are pointed out 
as belonging to a single foreign nationality. This is 
neither just, true, nor politic. Rand, McNally & Co. 
For sale at Doxey's. 

Mrs. Burnett will not add to her reputation as a writer 
by her last work, "A Lady of Quality." It is a romance 
of the days of Queen Anne, and it is a crude production. 
The phraseology is stilted, and it appears to us that the 
author does not faithfully picture the language or manners 
of the period about which she writes. Perhaps we would 
think better of the book if we had not expected so much 
from the author of " Little Lord Fauntleroy." 

The Arena is always brilliant, always thoughtful, and 
always progressive. It is not of our way of thinking on 
many of the great subjects of the day, but we gain a world 
of information from its pages, and the number for July 
abounds in more than usual novelty and force. 

July ii. 1896. 



iv M. Di S uood read- 

ing tor America ■ tells tbem 

some plain truths w> . . or later. 

and it enables them to un<: ow they are regarded 

by cultured Kuv and there the author rails 

•oh the true genius and -piritof the American p 
and we believe he does not i! a them justice in all things, 
but he hits the American, who Mieves he is the only mighty 
onr on earth, rather hard. It is, in the main, a just and 
wholesome book. 

The July number of the Arena contains a most interest- 
ing paper by the well known journalist. Kate Burlington 
Davis, on the unique and remarkable personality of the 
jfreat prophet of modern Theosophy, Helen 1'. Blavatsky. 
Mrs. Davis discusses Madame Blavatsky and her teachings 
from the standpoint of a student, and her paper will be 
found of great interest in throwing further light on the 
character and work of one of the most startling and per- 
plexing actors on the stage of the nineteenth century. 

"The Diary of a ' Peculiar' Girl " is by a new writer, 
Mr. George Austin Woodward, who, if he' continues as he 
has begun, promises to make a mark in literature. There 
is hardly a misplaced word in the book, and the "diary" 
is written in language which betrays good taste and a 
knowledge of human nature — two essentials of success. It 
is a short story, and only covers 130 pages of large type, 
but it is well written and interesting. The Peter Paul 
Book Company, Buffalo, New York. 

The Nation says that Mr. Stephen Crane is "a rather 
promising writer of the animalistic school," and that "his 
types are mainly human beings of the order which makes 
us regret the power of literature to portray them. Not 
merely are they low, but there is little that is interesting 
in them." What the Nation calls "animalism " others call 

The " Dial " says that "The Quicksands of Pactolus" 
is " a capital story." But is the "Dial" not wrong in 
adding that "California is known to the novel-reader 
through the work of Mr. Harte, but that is about all." 
Surely a paper of the literary pretensions of the "Dial" 
ought to know better than that. 

THE steamboat Tahoe, which plies the peaceful bosom 
of Lake Tahoe, is one of the finest equipped and fastest 
boats in the world. It was built by one of the largest 
shipbuilding firms in the country and is replete with every 
modern device. The boat is under the management of 
C. F. Bliss. Prank S. Oliver, the well-known purser, at- 
tends to the comfort of passengers as might a king in his 
own castle. The dining room on board is elegantly fitted 
up and the meals served are most excellent. Altogether, 
a trip on the "Tahoe" is something to be remembered for 
many a day to come. 


A MOST desirable eight-room residence, handsomely 
furnished, and with all modern improvements, is for 
rent by Baldwin & Hammond, 10 Montgomery street. The 
house is surrounded by a lovely garden, and the location is 
choice in every respect. Rent low to responsible parties. 

THE Sunday Letter, a bright little journal published at 
Eureka, California, comes to our table in a new dress 
this week. Times must be good in Eureka. 

The Overland Limited, 


The Union Pacific is the only line running vestibuled Pullman 
Double Drawing-room Sleepers and Dining Cars dail}-. San Fran- 
cisco to Chicago without change. Vestibuled buffet smoking and 
library cars between Ogden and Chicago. Upholstered Pullman 
Sleepers, San Francisco to Chicago, without change, daily. Steam- 
ship tickets on sale to and from all points in Europe. For tickets 
and sleeping car reservations apply to D. "W. Hitchcock, General 
Agent, No, 1 Montgomery street, San FraDCisco. 

The best equipped banquet hall in this city is doubtless that of the 
Maison Kiche. The largest functions are held there, the service is 
all that can be desired and the accommodations perfect. 

The Press Clipping bureau, 510 Montgomery street, S. P. reads all 
papers on the Pacific Coast, and supplies clippings on all topics, business 
and personal. 


Union Trust Co. of San Francisco. 

A dividend has been declared op deposits in the Savings Department of 
the company, for the half year ending June 30, 1806 as follows : At the rate 
of four (4) per cent per annum on Term Deposits, and Three (3) per cent per 
annum on Ordinary Deposits, free of taxes, payable on and after Wednes- 
day, July 1, 1896. I. W. HELLMAN, Jr., Cashier. 

Office : Cor. Market, Montgomery and Post Sts., S. F. 

The German Savings and Loan Society. 
For the half year ending with June 30th, 1896, a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of four and twenty-six one hundredths (4 26-100) per cent 
per annum on Term Deposits, and three and fifty-five one hundredths 
(3 55-100) per cent, per annum on Ordinary Deposits, free of taxes, payable 
on and after Wednesday, July 1, 1896. GEO. TOITRNY, Secretary. 
Office — 526 California street. 

Savings and Loan Society. 
For the half year ending June 30, 1896. a dividend has been declared at the 
rate of four and thirty-two one-hundredths (4 32-100) per cent, per annum on 
term deposits and three and sixty one hundredths (3 60 100) per cent, per 
annum on ordinary deposits, free of taxes, payable on and afte. Wednes- 
day. July 1, 1896. Dividends not called for are added to and bear the 
same rate of dividend as the principal, from and after July 1, 1896. 

Office — 101 Montgomery street, oorner Sutter, San Francisco. Cal. 


Mutual Savings Bank of San Francisco. 

For the half year ending with June 30, 1896, a dividend has been declared 
at the rate of four (4) per cent . per annum on term deposits, and three and 
one-third (3H) per cent, per annum on ordinary deposits, free of taxes, 
payable on and after Wednesday, July 1, 1896. 

Office— 33 Post street. San Francisco, Ca l. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 


Hibernia Savings and Loan Society. 
Office of cue Hibernia Savings and Loan Society, corner Market, McAllis- 
ter, and Jones streets, San Francisco, June 29, 1896. At a regular meeting 
of the Board of Directors of this Society, held this day, a dividend has been 
declared at the rate of three and three-quarters (3%) per cent, per annum 
on all deposits for the six months ending June 30, 1896, free from all taxes, 
and payable on and after July 1, 1896. ROBERT J. TOBIN. Secretary. 

California Milk Producers' Association. 


Depot: 428-430 Turk St., S.F 


nP PIODRITQ RESTORATIVE PILLS.— Buy none but the genu- 
al n. mV/Unu O i ne — A specific for Exhausted Vitality, Physical 
Debility, Wasted Forces. Approved by the Academy of Medicine, Paris, 
and the medical celebrities. Agents for California and the Pacific States. 
J. G. STEELE & CO., 635 Market street (Palace Hotel), San Francisco. 
Sent by mail or express anywhere. 

PRICES REDUCED— Box of 50 pills, 81 25; of 100 pills, 82; Of200 pills, 
43 50; of 400 pills, 86; Preparatory Pills. 82. Send for circular. 

Dr. F. G. PAGUE, ' 


Rooms 4 and 5, Academy of Sciences Building, 

Special Rates Made. 
Telephone East 942. 

819 Market street 


409H Post St., San Francisco. 


United States Laundry,, 

Office; 1004 Market bt., near Baldwin Telephone, South 4-2-0. 

Weak flen and Women 

Should use DAMIANA BIT- 
TERS, the great Mexloan rem- 
edy; It gives health and strength to the Sexual Organs. Depot at 323 Mar- 
ket street, San Francisco. (Send for circular.) 



July ii, 1896. 

f HAT a charming sight 
is the summer gir^! 
Especially is this the case at lovely Del Monte, where the 
broad verandas, the cool, big hall, and the shady, leafy- 
pathed walks afford a delightful retreat from the hot sun. 
At San Rafael, the heat of the tennis court and its blinding 
glare will long be remembered by the guests on the Fourth. 
The dainty shirt waists of dimity and muslin on the girls, 
and the duck suits of the men, seemed actually to accen- 
tuate the sufferings of the wearers under old Sol's scorch- 
ing ravs. 

* * * 

As to which place of all our resorts carried off the palm 
for beauty and fashion it would be difficult to give Helen's 
apple to any in particular. Each place had its own line 
of attractions. Del Monte had a large contingent of swell- 
dom; the Hager party in itself constitutes a big element, 
combined with the Walter Deans. Then there are always 
people from the East who are of the best quality, and 
foreigners galore ditto. At Sausalito the Goad-Hooker 
forces were very energetic in making a large family gath- 
ering a most enjoyable one, an addition to it being made 
of friends from the city. San Rafael was largely given up 
to the tennis crowd; the games drew the usual number of 
Ross Valleyites, and the different "house parties" con- 
tributed to swell the attendance. The hotel guests boasted 
some of our prettiest and most attractive girls, the Kip 
sisters, Miss Francis Curry and Miss Ethel Cohen being 
leading lights, while dainty Helen Wagner and sylph-like 
Bernie Drown kept up the bud end bravely. 

* * * 

When beautiful Miss Hannah Williams won the prize 
matrimonial of the San Francisco market, the other girls 
said she would blossom out as a gay young matron, and 
the dowagers wagged their wise old heads in pity over a 
young maiden's "risk in marrying a horsey man, my dear." 
But we ask, could anywhere be found a more ideal young 
couple than Walter Hobart and his lovely young wife? The 
fortunate Prince Charming showed rare discernment in 
his choice, and proved once more that race and training 
are as requisite in a wife as in a horse. Surely, if breeding 
must be a sine qua non in a stable, it should be doubly so 
in the salon. 

* * * 

Society people are looking forward with hope to August 
and September, as then crowds of Eastern visitors will 
flock to our coast, and the local lights of our swim will all 
congregate for the Country Club shoot at Del Monte. The 
Crockers will be largely in evidence in all their numerous 
branches. Colonel Fred and his family, then only returned 
from Europe, will be on the ground. Mrs. Hattie Alex- 
ander with hers, and the George Crockers with the Ruth- 
erford offspring— all will assemble; even the Will Crockers 
and their princely following will leave the pleasures of 
their Blingham villa for a view of the "shoot." 

* * * 

"I say, girls," said a plump maiden the other evening 
at the Hotel Rafael to a group of friends watching the de- 
parture of the different traps for the after-dinner drive, 
" I say, ain't it nice to have a rich grandfather to give you 
a jolly turnout like that rig ol Florence Breckem-idge's? 
I just wish I had one." "The rig, or the grandfather? " 
queried a tall, slim girl near by. The group tittered and 
the first speaker colored visibly. 

* * * 

The graceful manners of Miss Bowie were generally re- 
marked and admired at the Hotel Rafael hop on the even- 
ing of the national holiday, and sweet, modest Miss Fanny 
Loughborough was one of the most attractive girls at the 

* * * 

The girls at Del Monte held winning cards over all other 
out of town resorts in the beau line last week, having army 
and navy men as well as civilians to dance attendance upon 

It is doubtful if San Francisco's social ranks ever ex- 
hibited more charming material than this year. The crop 
of beauty just budding for next winter's season is a most 
promising one; the pretty girls of two or three winters 
are as pretty as though just out, while the veteran girls 
are as full of "go" and enterprise as any of their younger 
friends. Miss Flora Low has brought back some stunning 
gowns from Paris, they say, which will be worn at Del 


* * * 

The Boardman boys, as the girls call them, make most 
attentive beaux, and are very popular young men. "Only 
two of us left," is what Danfbrth is reported as saying, 
"so don't all speak at once." Dr. Tevis is not as popular 
with the buds as with the young matrons — naturally. 

* * * 

Gossip says Miss Tompkins and Mr. Greenwood will be 
the next couple to announce an engagement. 

The Keystone Monogram Whiskey 
"Would make a lame man frisky, 

In fact it is said 

'Twill awaken the dead 
Though the statement, we fear, is — er — risky. 

After dinner try Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum. You 

will find it admirable. Indigestion fades before it. 

Use Richardson & Bobbins' canned and potted meats for picnics. 



Extra Quality 


Sole Agents. 
314 Sacramento Street, S. F. 

Comet Oolong. 

The oldest and most reliable brand on the 
market. Sold only in 1-3 pound papers at 
20 cents per paper. All grocers keep it. 

THOS PRICiF H SON Thos. Price. Arthur F. Price. 


584 Sacramento St., S. F. 

Imperial Hair Regenerator 

If you value your hair, use only the Imperial Hair Re 
generator, to make GRAY HAIR its natural color, or 
I3LEACHED HAIR any color desired. Baths do not 
affect it. Neither does curling or crimping. Incom- 
parable for the BEARD on account of its durability 
and cleanliness. 

No. 1, Black; 2, Dark Brown; 3, Medium 
Brown; 4, Chestnut; 5, Light Chestnut; 
6, Gold Blonde ; 7, Drab or Blonde Cendree. 

PRICE, $1.50 and $3. 

Imperial Chemical Mfg. Co. - 

292 Fifth Ave., New York. ^t 

For sale by all druggists and hairdressers. 

July ii, 1896 



JM • o M 

;. •♦ 


DBAS EDITH:— Sleeves are growing more moderate 
in width, it being fashionable to have a portion of the 
sleeve above the elbow close fitting on the arm, sometimes 
just above the elbow with full frills falling from the 
shoulder, sometimes between with puffed frills at the el- 
bow, and as epaulettes. 

Silky batiste and sheer grass-linen lawn are for the 
moment the leading materials for the making of stylish 
and elesrant gowns designed for dressy wear on sultry 
days and evenings. These fabrics are elaborated with 
embroideries, laces and insertion bands, fancy ribbons, 
beading and chiffon. The richest gowns are made up 
over taffeta silk, but dainty and summer-like toilets of 
those semi-transparent textiles have foundation skirts and 
under bodices of tinted dimity. French lawn or moired 
sateen. Lace-trimmed skirts in lilac, yellow, pink, tan, 
ceil-blue and sea-green lawn come ready made, to be worn 
beneath unlined batiste or grass-linen skirts. Expensive 
toilets, however, are made up over mauve, daffodil, pink 
and other crisp, lustrous taffetas; and lovely toilets for 
bridesmaids' wear have foundations of rich jonquil yellow, 
rose-colored, or Persian mauve satin, the bodices gar- 
nished with broadly tucked epaulettes of the satin, 
covered with ruffles of Venetian lace, with a mass 
of lace and insertion on the front and back of the waist. 

Stylish Norfolk jacket suits are made of pin-check wools 
in various novel and pretty color bleachings, but the 
majority of the mohair Siciliennes and twilled mohairs are 
made up in the tailor fashion with full gored skirt and an 
open-fronted jacket that is cut to lap and button when oc- 
casion requires. 

Grass-linen handkerchiefs are the latest development of 
the craze for this hay-colored material, which, unless re- 
lieved with some complementary trimming, is unbecoming 
to nine-tenths of the women who wear it. Vests of grass 
linen are worn with tailor-made coats and skirts. The 
vest is full and loose, and is arranged in a series of tucks 
with lace insertion and narrow edging between the tucks. 
Canvas and etamine dresses in the same color as grass- 
linen are made to show colored silk linings corresponding 
to the color of the pattern on the canvas ground. 

Black and white Honiton and point lace braids are much 
introduced in the embroideries. Capes of black gauze so 
worked, laid over silk linings, are one of the novelties of 
the year. Sunshades are decorated alike, also evening 
bodices and blouses. White chiffon blouses and vests are 
very effective embroidered with cream or primrose-colored 
lace braids and fancy stitchings. 

Buttons varied in size, for skirt, bodices, sleeve and vest 
decorations, with buckles and shoulder-clasps to match, 
form a verv important feature of dressy gowns for the 
summer. They are used severally on morning, afternoon 
and evening dresses, but they look the best and most ap- 
propriate on airy toilets for full-dress wear, glittering 
amid folds of chiffon or mousselaine de soie, or cascades 
and choux of lace or plaited tulle. 

While round waists and round-waisted effects are still 
the rage, the short-pointed bodice is likewise iu great use. 
The basque is added to many of these bodices, but unless 
very short and full the basque bodice with hip seams cer- 
tainlv adds years to the appearance of its wearer. Al- 
though stylish effects are achieved in this style of waist, it 
is never a youthful-looking one, even on a young, slender 
figure. Belinda. 

SUPERVISOR Joe King appears to be desirous of run- 
ning for Sheriff in the coming election. Come to think 
of it, that's a pretty safe way of keeping out of jail. We 
may try it ourselves some day. 


She — How nervous you were when you proposed ! He- 
Yes, I'm always that way when I'm getting engaged.- 
Indianapolis Journal. 


•4? dULY 



J fit Forcing Out Prices 





MURPHY BUILDING, Market and Jones Sts., San Francisco. 

203 to 207 N Spring St. bet. Temple and First St., Los Angeles, Cal. 


Bergez's Restaurant, Academy Building, 332-334 Pine street. Rooms for 

ladies and families, private entrance. John Bergez, Proprietor. 
Bay State Oyster House. 15 Stockton & 109 O'Farrell. N. M. Adler, Prop. 
Montgomery-St. Coffee and Lunch House. Good coffee and fresh eggs 

a specialty. Cream waffles. 426 Montgomery St. H. H. HJUL, Prop. 
Malson Tortoni, French Rotisserie, 111 O'Farrell street. Private dining 

rooms and banquet hall. S. Constantini, Proprietor. 

Nevada Restaurant, 417 Pine st. Private rooms; meals 50o. Lotjpy Bros 

Poodle Dog Restaurant, S. E. cor. Grant ave. and Bush st. Private 
dining and banquet rooms, Tel. 429. A. B. Blanco & B. Brum. 


Dr. Thomas L. HIM, 

OFFICE: Odd Fellows' Building, southwest cor. Seventh and Market 
streets. Office hours : 9 A. M. to 5 p. M. Consultation Hours : 4 to 5. 

Dr. R. Cutlar, 818 Sutter street. 

Dr. Hall, 14 McAllister St., near Jones. Diseases of women and children. 

Hawaiian Stamps a specialty. MAKINS & CO 506 Market street. 
Selections on approval: any place in world. W. F. GREANY, 827 Brannan 
The W. H. Hollls Stamp Co., (Incorporated), 105 O'Farrell St., S. F. 

Koch & Harney, (Jas. H.Harney, Geo. T. Koch), Job Printers, 648 Sacra- 
mento St. Fine printing and embossing, seals, rubber stamps, stencils, etc 

Miss Caroline Shlndler, Soprano. Vocal Culture. Hours, 1 to 3, 2416 Clay 

CANDIES.— Don't leave the oity without a box of ROBERTS' Best. 




Makes the Skin Fair and BEAUTIFUL. 
It is Essential at the SEASHORE. 
It will remove SUNBURN and TAN. 
It will prevent POISON OAK. 

i? la SMAW'S, 

No 3 Montgomery St. 


July II, 1896. 

** -%( 

Primus — The woman I proposed to to-night declared that 
she loved me, but that she could not marry me as long as 
she Uved. Sbcundus — That's queer. What's the trouble? 
Primus — Well, I was divorced from her once and she has 
scruples about marrying a man whose first wife is still 
living. — Harlem Life. 

Condoling Friend to Young Widow — My dear, you really 
must bear up. You are fretting yourself to death. 
Young Widow — Ah! my dear, my sorrow is a heavy one. 
(Sighing.) But I, at least have the consolation of knowing 
where he spends his nights now!" — London Society. 

Agent — Can't I put a burglar alarm in your house? 
Lady — No, we don't need it. Agent— But — ' Lady — No, 
I mean it; the family across the street watches the place 
so closely that even a burglar could not get in without be- 
ing seen. — Tit-Bits. 

"You didn't stay long at that hotel which advertised a 
fine trout stream in the vicinity?" "No; the hotel man 
explained that it was a fine trout stream, but he couldn't 
help it if the trout hadn't sense enough to find it out." — 
Chicago Record. 

"There's one thing," he said, jeeringly, "men never get 
together and talk about one another the way women do." 
"No," she answered, "I don't think they do. There is 
nothing interesting to say about them." — Washington 

The Bride — I want to thank you so much for that 
beautiful present. Her Married Friend — Say no more, 
my dear, it was a mere trifle. The Bride — Well, I didn't 
think so when I gave it to you at your marriage. — Boston 

The Professor — This little incident forcibly reminds me of 

the fable of Ixion and his wheel, of which Bodkins, 

'97 — 'Scuse me, sir, but what kind of a wheel did the 
gentleman ride? — Cleveland Plain Dealer. 

Friend — That snowstorm that you have painted is really 
wonderful. Artist — Yes; why, the other day a friend of 
mine called on me, and when he saw that picture he put 
on my heavy ulster and walked off. — Tid-Bits. 

Slipkins — I — aw — see that some one has — aw — invented 
— aw — a machine faw looking into the brain? De Gumley 
— Yaas, so I — aw — see. But that don't interwest us — aw 
— doncheknow. — New York World. 

Watts — I wonder if the water is fit to drink yet? Potts 
— Guess it is. An eel came through our hydrant this 
morning, and it seemed to be in good health. — Indian- 
apolis Journal. 

"He is a mighty unlucky man." "In what way?" 
"Well, he married to get out of a boarding house." 
"Yes?" "And now his wife runs one to support him." — 

"What a well-informed man Jenkins seems to be! He 
can converse intelligently upon any subject." "Yes. 
Jenkins has brought up five boys." — Judge. 

Doctor — If you bind salt pork on your face it will cure 
toothache. Patient — But, doctor, won't it give me pork 
chops. — Detroit Free Press. 

Dyer — What is you business, may I ask? Boorish 
Stranger — I'm a gentleman, sir. That's my business. 
Dyer — Ah! You have failed I see. — Truth. 

"Why does Mrs. Wester always refer to her daughter as 
a queen?" "She married a cattle king. — Detroit Free 

If you want a really good thing for that " tired feeling " after the 
day's work is over, try some of the famous Cutter Bourbon whiskey. 
It is the best appetizer on the market, and has a place in every home. 
E. Martin & Co., 411 Market street, who are the agents for this coast, 
state that the sales during the warm weather have been unprece- 

John W. Carmany, 25 Kearny Street, has the finest and very lat- 
est things in gents' furnishing goods. 



Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1862. 

Capital Paid Up, $3,000,000. Reserve Fund, $500,000. 

Southeast Cor. Bush and Sansome Sts. 
HEAD OFFICE 60 Lombard Street, London 

Branches— Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster, Kamloops, Nan 
iamo, and Nelson, British Columbia; Portland, Oregon; Seattle and Ta 
coma, Washington. 

This Bank transacts a General Banking Business. Accounts opened sub- 
ject to Check, and Special Deposits received. Commercial Credits granted 
available in all parts of the world. Approved Bills discounted and ad- 
vances made on good collateral security. Draws direct at curreat rates 
upon its Head Omce and Branches, and upon its Agents, as follows : 

New York— Merchants' Bank of Canada; Chicago— First National Bank; 
Liverpool— North and South Wales Bank; Scotland — British Linen 
Company; Ireland — Bank of Ireland; Mexico— London Bank of Mexico; 
South America— London Bank of Mexico and South America; China and 
Japan— Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China; Australia and 
New Zealand — Bank of Australasia and Commercial Banking Company of 
Sydney, Ld; Demerara and Trinidad (West Indies)— Colonial Bank. 


Capital $3,000,000 00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits (October 1, 1894) . . 3.158,129 70 



S. Prentiss Smith Ass't Cashier 1 1. F. Moulton 2d Ass't Cashier 


New York— Messrs. Laidlaw & Co.; the Bank of New York, N. B. A. 
Boston— Tremont National Bank; London— Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & 
Sons; Paris— Messrs. de Rothschild Freres; Virginia City (Nev.)— 
Agency of The Bank of California; Chicago— Union National Bank, and 
Illinois Trust and Savings Bank; Australia and New Zealand— Bank of 
New Zealand; China, Japan, and India — Chartered Bank of India, Austra- 
lia and China; St. Louis— Boatman's Bank. 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world. 

Draws Direct on New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Salt Lake 
Denver, Kansas City, New Orleans, Portland, Or., Los Angeles, and on 
London, Paris, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Frankfort-on-Main, Copenhagen, 
Stockholm, Christiania, Melbourne, Sydney. Auckland, Hongkong, Shang- 
hai, Yokohama, Genoa, and all cities in Italy. 


Corner California and Webb Streets. 

Deposits, Dec. 31 , 1895 824,202,327 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus 1,575,631 

ALBERT MILLER, President | E. B. POND, Vice-President 

Directors— Thomas Magee, G. W. Beaver, Philip Barth, Daniel E. Mar- 
tin, W. C. B. De Fremery, George C. Boardman, Robert Watt; Lovell 
White, Cashier. 

Receives Deposits, and Loans only on real estate security. Country 
remittances may be sent by Wells, Fargo & Co., or by check of reliable 
parties, payable in San Francisco, but the responsibility of this Savings 
Bank commences only with the actual receipt of the money. The signature 
of the depositor should accompany the first deposit. No charge is made for 
pass-book or entrance fee. Ofilce hours— 9. a. m. to 3 p.m. Saturday even- 
ings, 6:30 to 8. 


Capital $1,000,000 

Successor to Sather & Co., Established 1851, : .■a Francisco. 

James K. Wilson President. Albert IW.ller, Vice-President 

L. I. Cowgill, Cashier. Allen Knight, Secretary. 

Directors— C. S. Benedict, E. A. Bruguiere. F. W.Sumner, Albert Mil 
ler, Wm. P. Johnson, V. H. Metcalf, James K. Wilson. 

Agents: New York— J. P. Morgan & Co. Boston— National Bank of the 
Commonwealth. Philadelphia— Drexel & Co. Chicago— Continental Na- 
tional Bank. St. Louis— The Mechanics' Bank. Kansas City— First Na- 
tional Bank. London— Brown. Shipley & Co. Paris— Morgan, Harjes & Co 


N. W. Cor. Sansome and Sutter Sts. 

Subscribed Capital $2,500,000 | Paid UpCapital $2,000,000 

Reserve Fund $850,000 

Head Office 58 Old Broad Street, London 

AGENTS— New York— Agency of the London, Paris, and American 
Bank Limited, No. 10 Wall Street, N. Y. Paris— Messrs. Lazard, Freres 
& Cie, 17 Boulevard Poissonlere. Draw direct on the principal cities of the 
world. Commercial and Travelers' Credits issued. 

SIG. GREENEBAUM \ Manaeers , 
C. ALTSCHUL I Managers. 


Cor. Market, Montgomery, and post Sts. 

Pald-Cp Capital »1,000,000. 

WM. H. CROCKER President 

W. E. BROWN Vice-President 

GEO. W. KLINE Cashier 

Directors— Chas. F. Crocker, E. B. Pond, Hy. J. Crocker, Geo. W. Scott 


N. E. Cor. Pine and Sansome Sts. 

Capital authorized $6,000,000 I Paid Up $1,500,000 

Subscribed 3,000,000 | Reserve Fund 700,000 

Head Office— 18 Austin Friars, London, E. C. 

Agents at New York— J. &, W. Seligman & Co., 21 Broad street. 

The Bank transacts a General Banking Business, sells drafts, makes 

telegraphic transfers, and issues letters or credit available throughout the 

world. Sends bills for collection, loans money, buys and sells exchange 

and bullion. IGN. STEINHART \- MtLnAtre . r R 

P. N. LILIENTB.AL f Mana K firs 

July 1 1, 1896. 



TIIK eight women colonels of the German army, who 
draw swords only occasionally and their salaries 
regularly, are: The Empress of Germany: the Dowager- 
Empress, wife of the late Frederick III.: the Princess 

Frederick Charles of Prussia, the Queen Regent Sophia, 
and the Queen Helmina of the Netherlands, the Duchess 
of Connaught. the Duchess of Edinburg, sister of the Em- 
peror of Russia, and Queen Victoria. 

Mme. Patti's bath room at Craig-y-Xos is a dream 

of loveliness and a triumph of art, and when indulging in 
her ablutions she is always attended by her faithful 
Mexican woman servant, Manuala. who finishes the cere- 
mony with a vigorous application of eau de cologne or 
alcohol. Slme. Patti's stock of towels is alone worth a 
fortune, being imported direct from Turkey and other 
oriental countries, where they are woven of the costliest 

George Augustus Sala died at a moment when his 

financial position was at its lowest ebb. Shortly before 
his death Lord Rosebery granted him a civil list pension of 
£100 a year, which, of course, died with him. Mrs. Sala 
has thus been left in a very precarious and distressing 
financial condition, and an effort is to be made to make 
some provisions for her and to erect some kind of memorial 
to the distinguished journalist. 

Mr. Holman Hunt, the artist, is engaged in a scheme 

for forming a Jewish nation in Palestine. He would raise 
a hundred million and buy out all Turkish rights in the 
Holy Land, with the approval of the Great Powers. The 
boundary is supposed to be that indicated by Moses. The 
great question is whether the Jewish people are prepared 
for the immigration. As yet there are no particular 
signs of this. 

Though Oxford has won the boat race eight times 

more than Cambridge, in other sports Cambridge's record 
is the better; at cricket she has won thirty-one times to 
Oxford's twenty-seven; in the athletic sports nineteen 
times to thirteen; at football, Rugby and association, 
twenty-four times to seventeen. At golf they are even; 
eight games each. 

In the royal family of England the order of preced- 
ence among men is thus: The sovereign, the Prince of 
Wales, the other sons of the sovereign in the order of 
their age, the sovereign's grandsons, the brothers or 
sisters of the sovereign, the sovereign's uncle, and, finally, 
the sons of the brothers or sisters of the sovereign. 

The ten largest cities in the world and their res- 
pective populations are London. 4,231,000; Paris, 2,447,- 
000; New York, 1,801,000; Canton, 1,600,000; Berlin, 1,- 
579,000; Tokio, 1,389,000; Vienna, 1,364,000; Philadelphia, 
1,142,000; Chicago, 1,099,000, and St. Petersburg, 1,035,- 

A 46J-carat Burmah ruby, the largest ruby ever 

cut, so far as is known, was bought in at a London 
jeweler's sale recently for $40,000. A one-carat blue dia- 
mond brought $3,000, and a 140-grain black pearl, once 
belonging to Queen Isabella II. of Spain, $5,750. 

Ernest T. Hargrove, the newly elected President 

of the Theosophical Society, belongs to an old English 
family. One of his ancestors was Gen. Hargrove, once 
Governor of Gibraltar, and his mother was a descendant 
of Sir Martin Probisher, the famous navigator. 

The prince of "Wales has given a church to the 

Babingley parish in England, where the first Christian 
church was erected in East Anglia by St. Felix, the 
Burgundian, in 600 A. D. 

Storage For Valuables. 
Daring the summer months the CALIFORNIA SAFE DEPOSIT 
AND TKTJST COMPANY receives on storage at low rates in its fire 
and burglar-proof vaults silverware, furs and valuable property of 
every description. It also rents steel boxes at from $5 to $150 per 
annum. Conveniences for its patrons are unsurpassed. Office 
hours, 8 to 6 daily. Corner Montgomery and California Streets. 

Mothers, be sure and use "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup " for your 
children while teething 

Work flies 
right along 

when you 

have wings, 

in half the 


Pearline to 
it. So docs 
the dirt. 
Every scrubbing brush seems to 
You qet through your cleaning 
time you used to, and without 
any commotion or fuss. 

Pearline saves rubbing. That means a 
good deal besides easy work, even in house- 
cleaning. Paint and wood work and oil-cloth, 
etc., are worn out by rubbing. 

Pearline cleans, with the least labor, and 
without the least harm, anything that water 
doesn't hurt. m 



33 Post Street, below Kearny, Mechanics' Institute Building. 
Guaranteed Capital, $1,000,000. Pald-TJp Capital, 8300,000. 


JAMES D. PHELAN, President. I S. G. MURPHY, Vice-President. 

JOHN A. HOOPER, Vice-President. 
Directors— James D. Phelan, L. P. Drexler, John A. Hooper, C. G. 
Hooker, James Mofflt, S. G. Murphy, Frank J. Sullivan, Robert McElroy, 
and Joseph D. Grant. 

Interest paid on Term and Ordinary Deposits. Loans on approved se- 
curities. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Deposits may be sent by postal order, Well, Fargo, & Co., or Exchange 
on City Banks. When opening accounts send signature. 


N. E. Corner Sansome & Sutter Streets. 

Cash Capital and Surplus 96,350,000 

John J. Valentine President I Homer S.King Manager 

H. Wadsworth Cashier | F. L. Lipman Assistant Cashier 

N. Y. City.H. B. Parsons, Cashier. | Salt Lake City, J. E. Dooly, Cashier 
Directors— John J. Valentine, Benj. P. Cheney, Oliver Eldridge, Henry 

E. Huntington, Homer S. King, George E. Gray, John J. McCook, Charles 

F. Crocker, Dudley Evans. 


No. 526 California St., S. F. 

Capital actually paid up in Cash, 81,000,000. Reserve Fund 8 715,000 

Deposits, Dec. 31, 1895, 830,727,586 59. Guaranteed Capital.. 81,200,000 

OFFICERS— President, B. A. Becker; Vice-President, Edward Kruse; 
Second Vice-President, A. C. Heineken; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; As 
sistant Cashier, Wmi Herrmann; Secretary, George Tourny Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller. 

Board of Directors— Edward Kruse, George H. Eggers, O. Shoemann, 
A. C. Heineken, H. Horstmann, B. A. Becker, H. L. Simon, Ign. Steinhart, 
Daniel Meyer, Nic. Van Bergen, Emil Rohte. Attorney, W. S. Goodfellow. 


222 Montgomery St.. Mills Building. 



Win. Alvord S. L. Ahbot. Jr. H. H. Hewlett 

Wm. Babcock O.D.Baldwin E, J. McCutchen. 

Adam Grant W. S. Jones J. B. Llnooln. 


No. 18 Geary Street. 

Incorporated November 24, 1869. 

ADOLPH C. WEBER President 

ERNST BRAND Secretary 



Storage Capacity, 100,000 tons. Regular warehouse for San Francisco 
Produce Exchange Call Board. 

These warehouses are the largest on the Pacific Coast, and are furnished 
with the latest improvements for the rapid handling and storing of Grain 
A mill attached, supplied with the best and newest machinery for cleaning 
foul and smutty wheat. 

Money advanced at lowest rates of interest on grain stored in warehouses. 
Insurance effected at lowest rates In first-class companies, or grain sold, 
if desired, at current rates. 

OFFICE— 202 Sansome St., over the Anglo-California Bank. 


July ii, 1896. 

^ 6 l^^^^ 

ABSENCE.— howakd chandler Christy, from " in camphor." 


AS ever the scent of a simple flower, 

Though very faint its perfume, 
Made you feel sick and all alone, 

Just you— and the world in gloom? 

Have you ever felt in the summer's breath. 

Though only a zephyr passed, 
Faint and trembling and cold with fear, 

As though the breath were a blast? 
Have you ever gazed on a passing shower, 

And felt you could drop a tear, 
As the music sweet of its plashing drops 

Brought back to you memories dear? 

Have you ever felt lonely, with gloom oppressed, 

Amid the happy and strong? 
Of all your life the loneliest there 

When thrown with the joyous throng? 

'Tis this that hearts feel in absence drear 
Of loved ones in heaven or earth ; 

'Tis sigh after sigh— and heart crying out, 
The same all along from our birth. 

SEPARATION.— emilie tracy y. swett in the bulletin. 

To-night I long for rest and fain would seek 
Thy sheltering arms that once around me twined, 
Nor ocean wild, nor blackened chasms grim 
Should separate our souls which once made one, 
Should aye be one through all eternity. 
Amidst the crowded throngs I stand alone, 
In isolation far more sad than death ; 
Mine eyes are dim with tears; my failing voice 
Choked with tumultuous grief cries out aloud, 
O Love, O Life, my Soul, my God, my All I 
Fling but one burning word across the night 
To fan my widowed heart once more to life. 
Not silent? Nay ! sweet love, that could not be. 
Wait! like a swelling anthem quick it comes 
To satisfy these craving human needs ; 
With one wild sweep of passion and of pain 
It strikes that grand harmonious answering chord 
That spans all space and bears to me thy cry— 
' My love, my love! yea, mine, until t die." 

A SMILE AND A FROWN -£*am c. dowd. 

Only a frown ! yet it pressed a sting 

Into the day which had been so glad; 
The red rose turned to a scentless thing, 
The bird-song ceased with discordant ring, 
And a heart was heavy and sad. 

Only a smile ! yet it cast a spell 

Over the sky which had been so gray ; 
The rain made music wherever it fell, 
The wind sung the song of a marriage-bell, 
And a heart was light and gay. 

DETHRONED.— zitella cocke. 

A King was he yesterday, ruling his realm, 

By a nod or a beck of his hand, 
And never were subjects more loyal or proud 

Of a sovereign's behest and command. 
A King yesterday ; but alas for the change 

Which may come in a night or a morn ! 
The King is dethroned, for to-day came the Queen 

When the sweet baby Bister was born. 


When I beheld the placid smile 
Upon her lips and noted how 
Immortal calm had crowned her brow, 
Smoothed of each furrow life had wrought, 
Death was her truest friend, I thought. 

And, if I knelt and wept the while, 
'Twas not that she, my love, was gone, 
But 'twas that I must still live on. 


Fire and Marine Insurance Agents, 

309 and 311 Sansome St. 

San Francisco, Cal 


FINDLAY, DURHAM & BRODIE 43 and 46 Threadneedle St., London 

SIMPSON, MACKIRDY & CO 29 South Castle St., Liverpool 



Fireman's Fund 


Capital, $1,000,000. Assets, $3,000,000. 



CHAS. A. LATON, Manager. 439 California St., S. F. 
Fire Insurance. 

Founded A. D. 1792. 

Insurance Company of North America 


Paid-up Capital $3,000,000 

Surplus to Policy Holders 5,022,016 

JAMES D. BAILEY, General Agent, 412 California St., S. F. 


Capital Paid Up 11,000,000 

Assets 3, 192,001 . 69 

Surplus to Polloy Holders 1,506,409 . 41 

ROBERT DICKSON, Manager 501 Montgomery St. 

BOYD & DICKSON, S. F. Agents, 501 Montgomery St. 

OF AIX LA CHAPELLE, GERMANY. Established 1825 

Capital. J2.250.00C Total Assets, 16,854,653 65 


VOSS, CONRAD & CO., General Managers. 


BUTLER & HALDAN, General Agents, 

413 California St., S. F. 



Capital 16,700,000 


No. 316 California St., S. F 


(Established 1875.) 

Geo. M. Lonergan. 

Imperial Photooraphic Studio, 

724, 726 and 728 MARKET ST. (1st Floor), 
Bet Kearny street and Grant ave., S. F. 

Carbon Plates a Specialty. Lightning plates for taking Children. 

July II, 1896. 



to a French journal, an inventor lias devia 
trie arrangement which f a microphone 

placed near the head of the baby iu its cradle, ani 

• 1 to a sort of relay which operates an electric bell 
placed near to where the nurse is asleep: B cry from the 
child will therefore cause the bell to ring. 

Steihi.izki. Water. — It is Stated, on the authority of 
7V,. Medical Record, New York, that "an offer has been 
made by an inventor to the municipality of the city of 
Paris to sterilize five thousand cubic meters daily of water 
for public consumption at his own expense. After pre- 
liminary inquiry the municipality has decided to obtain an 
expert report upon the value of the proposed measure, 
and if it is found to be of practical utility the inventor's 
offer will be accepted as a preliminary to adopting the 
system in case the experiment is satisfactory." 

CURIOUS Trees— In the West India Islands and in South 
America grows a tree whose fruit makes an excellent 
lather and is used to wash clothes. The bark of the tree 
which grows in Peru, and of another which grows in the 
Malay Islands, yields a fine soap. The common soapwort, 
which is indigenous to England and is found nearly every- 
where in Europe, is so full of saponine that simply rubbing 
the leaves together in water produces a soapy lather. 

Glass Bricks. — Glass bricks have reached this city from 
Germany. They are blown with a hollow center contain- 
ing rarefied air, and they are said to be as strong and 
durable as clay bricks. They freely admit light. So far, 
the glass brick has only been used in the construction of 
conservatories, and has been voted a success. It is said 
that several orders have now been sent from this country 
to Germany for the new bricks. 

Wood Pulp. — The enormous amount of wood used every 
year for the purpose of making paper may be estimated 
from the fact that the ''Petit Journal," of Paris, which 
has a circulation of over 1,000,000 copies a day, and is 
printed on wood pulp paper, consumes in a year 120,000 
fir trees of an average height of 60 feet. This is equi- 
valent to the annual thinning of 250,000 acres of forest 

Electrified Paper. — In winter paper mills are fre- 
quently troubled by static electricity. In some cases 
sparks six to eight inches in length are produced as the 
paper leaves the calender. A steam damper is used to 
prevent this, or a copper wire, well grounded, is made to 
rest on the web as it passes from the calenders to the 

A Loss in Gold. — Gold in transit across the Atlantic 
sweats however tightly it may be packed. It is usually 
sent in stout kegs and squeezed in as tightly as possible, 
but there is a regular allowance for loss by attrition upon 
the voyage and in the course of years this loss to the com- 
mercial world amounts to a large sum. 

A Large Plate. — A steel plate said to be the longest 
ever made has just been turned out by a Stockton, Eng- 
land, iron company. It measures, after shearing, 76 feet 
3 inches, by five feet, by 6-10 of an inch in thickness, 
weighs five and a half tons, and is without a flaw. 

Telephonic Gear. — A foreigner has invented a tele- 
phonic gear that can be carried with ease on a soldier's 
back in lieu of the ordinary knapsack. It combines the in- 
dispensable qualities of simplicity, lightness, facility, and 
rapidity of installation. 

The Capacity of Ships. — Mathematical calculations show 
that an iron ship weighs 27 per cent less than a wooden 
one, and will carry 115 tons of cargo for every 100 tons 
carried by a wooden ship of the same dimensions, and both 
loaded to the same draught of water. 

A Sensitive Barometer. — A little petroleum barometer, 
150 times as sensitive as the ordinary mercury barometer 
has been exhibited to the Berlin Physical Society. 


lOd BOhOOl wllli University of 
Cuhfoi'iii.'i and i.«l;in.i BtftOfttrd Jr t'ni- 
\rrsily. OhrtSU OPOOS 

Of exceptional purity and excellence. 

— London " Lancet." 

TRINITY SCHOOL, ££T for c ' 

For Young Men 

and Bo V s Momlan, flUQiist 3. 1896. 

3300 Washington Street, dr. b b. spalding ■ - R.Ltor. 


Those who am troubled with rheumatism and allied pains In 
the back or limbs may receive PERMANENT relief by a 
speedy, simple, and inexpensive treatment, if they communicate 

" CURATOR," 553 Mission St., S. F. 


Chollar Mining Company. 

Location of principal place of business—San Francisco, Cal. Location 
of works— Virginia, Storey county, Nevada. 

Notice is hereby given that at a meeting of the Board of Directors, held 
on the Ninth (9th) day of June, 1896, an assessment. No. 42, of twenty- 
five cents per share was levied upon the capital stock of the corporation, 
payable immediately in United States gold coin to the Secretary, at the 
office of the company, room 79, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery street, San 
Francisco, Cal. 

Any stock upon which this assessment shall remain unpaid on the 
14th DAY OF JULY, 1896, 
will be delinquent and advertised for sale at public auction; and, unless 
payment is made before, will be sold on TUESDAY, the 4th day of August, 
1896, to pay the delinquent assessment, together with the costs of adver- 
tising and expenses of sale. By order of the Board of Directors. 

CHAS. E. ELLIOT, Secretary. 

Office— Room 79, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery street, San Francisco; 


Best & Belcher Mining Company. 

Location of principal place of business— San Francisco, California. Loca- 
tion of works— Virginia District, Storey Co , Nevada. 

Notice is hereby given that at a meeting of the Board of Directors, held 
on the 2d day of July, 1896, an assessment (No. 60), of Twenty-five cents 
per share was levied upon the capital stock of the corporation, payable 
immediately in United States gold coin to the Secretary, at the office of 
the company, room 33, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery St., San Francisco, 

Any stock upon which this assessment shall remain unpaid on the 
will be delinquent, and advertised for sale at public auction, and unless 
payment is made before will be sold on Thursday, the 27th day of August, 
189B, to pay the delinquent assessment, together with costs of advertising 
and expenses of sale. By order of the Board of Directors. 

M. JAFFE, Secretary. 

Office— Room 33, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery St., San Francisco, 

Best & Belcher Mining Co. 

The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Best & Bel- 
cher Mining Company will beheld at the ottice of the company, room 33, 
Nevada Block, 3U9 Montgomery strret, San Francisco, Cal., on 

at the hour of 1 o'clock p. m., for the purpose of electing a Board of Direc- 
tors to serve for the ensuing year, and the transaction of such other busi- 
ness as may come before the meeting. Transfer books will close on Thurs- 
day, the 9th day of July, 1896 at 3 o'clock P. M. 

M. JAFFE, Seoretary. 

Office— Room 33. Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery St., S. F., Cal. 


Savage Mining Company. 

The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Savage Mining 
Company will be held at the office of the company, room 50, Nevada 
Block, 3U9 Montgomery street, San Francisco, Cal., on 


at the hour of 1 o'clock p m., for the purpose of electing a Board of Trustees, 
to serve for the ensuing year, and for the transaction of such other business 
as may come before the meeting. Transfer books will close on Monday, 
July 13, 1896, at 3 o'clock P. M. E. B. HOLMES, Secretary. 

Office: Room 50, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery street, San Francisco, 
California . 

ParafTine Paint Company. 

The regular annual meeting of the stockholders of the Parafflne Paint 
Company will be held at the office of the company, No. 116 Battery street, 
San Francisco, Cal., on 

atthehourof liSOo'clockP.M., for the election of a Board of Directors to 
serve for the ensuing year and the transaction of such other business as 
may come before the meeting. Transfer books will close on Saturday, 
July 11, 1896, at 1 o'clock p. M. R. S. SHAINWALD, Secretary. 

Office— No. Bnttery street, San Francisco, Cal, 


July ii, 1896. 

THE great event of the week, and in fact of the month 
so far, was the wedding at San Mateo last Tuesday, 
when Miss Ella Hobart was the bride and Charles Bald- 
win the groom. A much larger number of guests were in- 
vited to the ceremony than had been first intended, and 
those who accepted were conveyed by special train to that 
charming suburban village, where pretty, rustic St. 
Matthew's Church was the temple chosen for the exchange 
of the nuptial vows. The floral decorations of the sacred 
building were all in white— lilies, tuberoses, violets, sweet 
peas, etc., and combined with palms, asparagus, and 
pepper branches, the picture presented was cool and 
pleasant to look upon. Shortly after the noon hour the 
bridal party entered to the strains of the Mendelssohn 
March. First, the ushers, clad in the regulation attire of 
all English morning weddings— Prince Albert coats, white 
vests, dark trousers, and boutonnieresof white carnations; 
they were Messrs. John Lawson, W. A. McCreery, Count 
Pare, and M. de Artsimovich. Following them came the 
four bridesmaids, the Misses Jessie Hobart, Julia Williams, 
Florence Mills and Mary Eyre, gowned alike in white 
mouseeline <l<- sou over white silk, white lace hats, and bou- 
quets of white violets. Finally appeared the bride escorted 
by her brother, "Walter Hobart, who, at the altar rail, 
placed her in the keeping of the groom, who, with his best 
man, Richard Tobin, there awaited them, Bishop Nichols, 
assisted by the Rev. Mr. Cowie, performing the marriage 
service. The bride's gown was of white satin richly 
trimmed with Valenciennes lace, orange blossoms confined 
her tulle vail to her coiffure, and she carried a bouquet of 
lilies of the valley. After the ceremony the guests were 
driven to the Hobart cottage, where, in a large tent upon 
the lawn, the wedding dejeuner was served, the bridal party 
seated at a large round table in the center and the guests 
at numerous smaller ones. Here again white flowers were 
chiefly in evidence amid a perfect forest of palms and other 
foliage. The presents, which were numerous and costly, 
were displayed in one of the rooms of the cottage, and 
were, of course, a great point of attraction. Miss May 
Hoffman was the lucky finder of the ring in the wedding 
cake, and Miss Juliet Williams caught the bride's bouquet. 

The next in line of country weddings will be that of Miss 
Alice Gerstle and J. Levinson, which will be celebrated on 
a very elaborate scale at San Rafael, on Wednesday, the 
29th of July, and on Thursday, the 30th, Miss ' Belle 
McKenna and Peter Martin will be united in marriage at 
St. Mary's Cathedral, on Van Ness avenue, the ceremony 
to be followed by a grand nuptial mass. 

July, from present appearances, seems likely to prove a 
formidable rival to June as a wedding month, as already 
there have been many, and there are many more to come. 
Among the first on the list was the marriage of Miss Lena 
Schell and Wilson Underbill, which took place at the Schell 
residence, on Twenty-first street, on the afternoon of Wed- 
nesday, the first, when pink and white roses, smilax, and 
ferns were prettily arranged in the parlors, where the 
ceremony was performed by the Reverend Dr. Dille. On 
Thursday, the second, came the ceremony which united 
Miss Claire Burkhardt and Alfred C. Ledeme, at the home 
of the bride's parents, the Reverend J. D. Buehler offici- 
ating. Miss Amelia Burkhardt and Miss Dora Westphal 
were the bridesmaids, Messrs. Henry Colombat and -Ed. 
Burkhardt the groomsmen, and Del Monte the scene of the 

The wedding of Miss Flora Lemle and Max Sommers 
took place in the evening of the 5th in the upper hall of the 
Golden Gate building, on Sutter street, where, beneath a 
floral bell of lilies and white roses suspended from a canopy 
of smilax, the nuptial knot was tied by Rabbi Jacob Nieto. 
The bridal party was quite a pretty one; flower girls and 
the little ring-bearer led it, and the bridesmaids were: Miss 

Rosenstern, in cream white and violet; Miss Newberg, in 
pink; Miss Lauer, in yellow; and Miss Heiter, in white and 
blue; and Miss Sara Sommers, who wasmaid-of-honor, was 
in pale blue. The bridal robe was of white satin trimmed 
with duchesse lace and orange blossoms. Messrs. Lemle, 
Kaufman, Hecht, and Frank officiated as ushers, and Mor- 
ris Kaufman was the groom's best man. Supper followed 
the ceremony, and then there was dancing. 

All the pristine glories of Del Monte seem to have re- 
turned to it this year, arid, for the past ten days, it has been 
far and away the gayest spot in the State. The festivities 
attending the jubilee celebration at Monterey — pretty girls 
in countless numbers in their dainty toilettes; soldier and 
sailor beaux ad lil>; music, swimming, wheeling, driving, 
tennis, etc., by day, and dances every night have contrib- 
uted to make it a pure delight to be enrolled among the 
guests thereat. 

Tennis was the attraction at San Rafael on the Fourth, 
and in the evening there was the usual dance which is the 
wind-up of the contest, and which, if it did not provoke the 
enthusiasm of old, sufficed to draw a large attendance 
from the hotel, village, and the cou"try round about. Ten- 
nis was also the feature of the day at the Hotel Mateo, 
where an excellent match was played, Miss Winifred Sher- 
wood, Mr. Huet, and Lionel Sherwood appearing as the 
victorious contestants, and there also was a dance in the 
evening which was a very pleasant affair. 

House parties were many last week all over the country, 
from Ross Valley to Santa Cruz, taking in San Mateo and 
Menlo Park en route. At Santa Cruz the most noticeable 
was that of the McLaughlins at Golden Gate villa; the one 
at the Jarboe cottage was a purely family gathering, and 
Mrs. McLane Martin had only a couple of friends at her 
pretty cottage on Beach Hill. At the hotels were Miss 
Grace Baldwin, the Misses Wells, Miss Grimes of Oakland, 
and many charming matrons. Our young ladies have been 
spending the holidays in divers directions, and during the 
month of July the great majority of our belles will be ab- 
sent from the city. San Rafael has claimed the Misses 
Eleanor Wood. Bernie Drown, Helen Wagner, Clementine 
and Mary Kip, Francis Curry, Ethel Cohen, Fanny 
Loughborough, May Belle Gwin, Lizzie Carroll, the Misses 
Hush of Oakland, Miss Wallace, Bessie Bowie, Florence 
Breckenridge, etc. At Del Monte were to be found the 
Misses Dick, Laura Bates, Jennie Catherwood, Millie 
Murphy, Ella Hastings, Marjorie Young, Bessie Mills, 
Helen Dean, Casserly, Lucas, Davis, and the Hagers. 
The Misses Sherwood and Castle are at San Mateo, and 
Miss Laura McKinstry is up in Lake County. Miss Louise 
Breeze is the guest of Miss Bee Hooper in Napa Valley. 
The Misses Sabin have gone abroad for the purpose of 
musical study, accompanied by their father; they sail from 
New York next week. 

Mrs. S. F. Thorne has gone to her country home in the 
Santa Cruz mountains for the summer, where it is her in- 
tention to continue those pleasant house parties for which 
Cragthorne has been so noted in the past. Mrs. Dr. 
Hopkins accompanied her mother, Mrs. C. P. Eagan, to 
Paso Robles last week. Miss Lena Blanding has gone to 
Europe to join Mr. and Mrs. Fred Sharon in Paris. The 
McBeans and Ed. Schmiedells are looked for in San Fran- 
cisco upon their return from abroad about, the first week 
in August. Dr. Harry Tevis will entertain a party of 
stags at his brother's villa at Bakersfield during the ab- 
sence of the family at Santa Monica. 

A grand entertainment will be given next Saturday 
night at Mill Valley. The place will be one beautiful mass 
of electric lights, special attention being given to the old 
mill. A vaudeville entertainment in the Grove by pro- 
fessional talent from the city will be another feature. 
Special trains will be run, so that all passengers will be 
easily accommodated. The Belvedere show will be entirely 
eclipsed by this one, and everyone ought to go and see it. 

F ARSONS Walk, Case and Dille tell us, through the 
medium of a daily paper, that they believe in a per- 
sonal Devil. We have ceased doubting since we saw these 
gentlemen in their respective pulpits. 

Sunburn and Freckles removed by "Cream of Orar ge Rlossoms." In 
jars. 60c. Pacific Perfumery Co. San Francisco. 

July 1 1, 1896. 

fr wcisco m:\vs i.uttkr. 


Woman's 0»y 

A luc: inder the social restraints 

her sex, went abroad 
• mi the night of Independ- 
ence Day to see the sights v 1 « .is in 
her brother's clothes, and, being carious .is to saloons and 
■ ither places to which women are nol admitted, she — 
doubtless in order to sustain the masculine character 
drank too much. A- a consequence she. because of her 
r and hips, was taken in charge by the police. 
subjected to the humiliations of an appearance in the police 
court, a lecture from Judge Campbell, and a full account 
in the newspapers of her performam 

We do not know how Miss .Susan R Anthony and the 
Shaw feel about this, but if they are true to 
the cause, their indignation must be near to bursting their 
reform waists, for of course they are too rational to wear 
corsets. If a man may stalk in trousers, why not a woman ? 
If a man may visit saloons, why not a woman 1 If a man 
may stagger along the sidewalk, and not get run in so 
long as he is able to make progress toward home, why not 
a woman '.' The advanced soul thrills with choler at the 
thought of this double standard of morals and propriety 
which lias been set up. To be sure, it would be well if 
lovely woman could raise sinful man to her own chaste and 
abstemious plane, where, for physiological and nobler 
reasons, it is prudent that she should remain; but, if she 
can't accomplish the uplifting, is she forever to suffer the 
intolerable injustice of being forbidden to descend to man's 
gross liberty ? The ballot, therefore ! And the breeches, 
and human freedom to do as she pleases — and Judge Camp- 
bell in the morning. Woman's day is gloriously dawning. 


THE Republican nominee for President was born at 
Niles, Trumbull County, Ohio, on January 29th, 1843. 
He matriculated at the age of sixteen in the Alleghany 
College, of Meadville, Pennsylvania. In the Civil War he 
enlisted as a private soldier, and was rapidly promoted to 
Second Lieutenant, First Lieutenant, Captain, and received 
an honorable discharge, when the war was over, as Captain 
and Erevet-Major. He was admitted to the practice of the 
law in 1867, and in 1869 was elected Prosecuting Attorney of 
Stark County on the Republican ticket. In 1876 he was 
elected to Congress, being re-elected in 1878. In 1890 the 
country was wracked from one end to another over the 
tariff bill to which his name was attached, and which 
brought defeat to him that year. In 1891 he was nomin- 
ated Governor of Ohio. In 1892 he was again a delegate- 
at-large to the National Convention, occupying the position 
of Chairman of the Committee on Resolutions, and was 
afterwards chairman of the convention. 

ONE of the most amusing, if not the most chaste, of the 
plays of Aristophanes is the Ecclesiazusae (female 
parliament). It is a broad farce, showing how the women 
of Athens might have made laws had the government been 
placed in their hands, with Prax agora as "Generalissima." 
Some of the satires of the classical comic poet might apply 
well to the agitation for woman's rights in these days, but 
nothing of this sort was known in ancient Greece. Women, 
at least respectable women, had no part in the wonderful 
intellectual development of the Athenians. Aspasia, with 
all her gifts, was not an exception, for she was a mistress 
before she became the wife of Pericles. 

The genial young divinity student who runs the Town 

Chier department of this journal, and who fell from his 
wheel on his way to a revival meeting at the Louvre, can- 
not expect much sympathy from wheelmen. A man who 
is fool enough to place his trust in a Vim tire deserves 
whatever accidents the gods may see fit to send him. 

S DAILY paper states that Parson Brown is living at 
the Brooklyn Hotel, and then quite unnecessarily adds 
that he is the guest of the proprietor. 

THE members of the California Society of Pioneers met 
this week and elected officers. Strange to say, there 
were no casualties. 

" Does this roof leak always ? " Agent— Oh, no, ma'am; 
only when it rains. — Melbourne Weekly Times. 

There is more real tea-taste, cheer, 
goodness, strength, and inspiration, in 
twelve ounces of Schilling's Best than in 
a pound of other tea. 

Tlie very best part of tea — the part 
that satisfies the most highly trained 
palate — is not to be found in tea that is 
roasted in far-away countries. 

We have the only tea-roasting ma- 
chines on the coast. 

A. Schilling & Company, 
San Francisco. 



When you 
Buy a Wheel 

Buy one with a repu- 
tation — one that won't 
break down when you're 
ten miles from home. 

Don't lean to "fads"; 
they are not substantial. 
been on the market five 
years. We guarantee it 
for one year, and also 

guarantee our tires for the same period. Replacements made at our 
office in San Francisco. The STERLING costs 8700. If you want to 
know more about it, send for our art catalogue, mailed free to any address, 
and you will buy the 


Address STERLING CYCLE WORKS, 314 Post St., S. F., Cal. 

Wm. V. Bryan, Manager Pacific Coast Branch. 



Successor to . . . 

__ SWAN &. STEIN, 

At the old stand, 

759 Market St., S. F., Cal. 


House and Sign 
Painting. - 

Tel. Main 372. 

Stylish Suits._ 

The Most Stylish and Elegant Suits 
Samuel Meyer. B. J. Burr. are made by 

B. J. BURR & CO., 

Successors to 

Burr & Fink. 


At 224 Sutter Street, North Side, West of Kearny. 

The modern oxygen oure for 

Watson & Co. 

Pacific Coast Agents : 

Send for circulars. 



July it, 1896. 


(Pacific System.) 

Trains Leave and are Due to Arrive at 


Leave. \ 

From ■June 7, 1896. 

*6:00 A Niles, San Jose, and way stations 8:45 a 

7:00 a Atlantic Express, Ogden and East 8:45 P 

7:00 A Benicia, Vacaville, Rumsey, Sac- 
ramento, Oroville, and Redding, 
via Davis 6 :45 P 

7:00 a Martinez, San Ramon, Napa, Cal- 

istoga, and Santa Rosa 6 :15 p 

8:30a Niles, San Jose, Stockton. lone, 
Sacramento, Marysville aod Red 

Bluff 4:15p 

•8:30 A Peters and Milton *7:15P 

9:00a Los Angeles Express, Fresno, 

Santa Barbara and Los Angeles. 4:45 P 

9:00a Martinez and Stockton I0:15a 

9:00a Vallejo 6:15p 

1:00 p Niles, San Jose and Livermore... 8:45 A 

*1 :00 P Sacramento River steamers *9:00p 

tl :30 p Port Costa and Way Stations .... ff :45 p 

4 :00p Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, 
Napa, Calistoga, El Verano and 
Santa Rosa 9:15a 

4:00 p Benicia, Vacaville, Woodland, 
Knight's Landing, Marysville, 
Oroville, and Sacramento 10 :45 a 

4:30p Niles, San Jose, Livermore and 

Stockton 7:15P 

4 :30p Merced, Berenda, Raymond (for 

Yosemite) and Fresno 11:45 a 

5:00p New Orleans Express, FresDO, 
Bakersfleld. Santa Barbara, Los 
Angeles, Deming, El Paso, New 
Orleans, and East !0:15A 

5:00 p SantaFe Route, Atlantic Express, 

forMojave and East 10:15A 

5:00 P Vallejo 11:45 A 

6 :00 p European mail, Ogden and East . . 9 :45 A 

6 :00 P Hay wards, Niles and San Jose. . . 7 :45 A 
J7:00p Vallejo t7:45p 

7:00 p Oregon Express, Sacramento, 
Marysville, Redding, Portland, 

Puget Sound and East 10 :45 a 

Santa Crtjz division (Narrow Gauge). 

J7:45 a SantaCruz Excursion, Santa Cruz 

and principal way stations t8:Q5P 

8:15 A Newark, Centerville, San Jose, 
Felton, BoulderCreek, SantaCruz 
and way stations 5:50 P 

•2:15 P Newark, Centerville, San Jose, 
New Almaden, Felton, Boulder 
Creek, Santa Cruz, and principal 
way stations *1 1 :20 a 

g 1:15 P Newark, San Jose, Los Gatos IP :50 a 

Coast Division (Third and Townsend streets). 

6 :45 a San Jose and way stations (New 

Almaden Wednesdays only *1:30 P 

17:30a Sunday Excursion for Sin Jose. 
Sauta Cruz. Pacific Grove and 
Principal Way Stations 18:35 P 

8:15 a San Jose, Tres Pinos, Santa Cruz, 
Pacific Grove, Paso Robles, San 
Luis Obispo, Guadalupe and prin- 
cipal way stations 7:05P 

t»:47 A Palo Alto and Way Stations tl:30 p 

10:40 a San Jose and way stations 5:00 P 

11:30 a Palo Alto and way stations 3:30 P 

*2:30p San Mateo, Menlo Park, San Jose, 
Gilroy. Tres Pinos. Santa Cruz, 
Salinas . Monterey . Pacific Grove *10 :40 a 

*3:30p San Jose. Pacific Grove and way 

stations 9 :47 a 

*4 :30 p San Jose and Way Stations *8 :06 A 

5:30 p San Jose and principal way 

stations *8:48A 

6 :30 p San Jose and way stations 6 :35 A 

111:45p San Jose and way stations t7:45P 

San Leandro and Haywards Locat,. 

WS:0O Al 
8:00 a 

9:00 a 

10:00 a 

ill .00 A 

2:00 p 

3:00 P 

4:00 P 

5:00 P 

5:30 p 

7:00 P 

8:00 P 

9:00 p 

tttlllS pj 

Seminary Park, 
San Leandro, 

i Runs through to Niles. 
t From Niles 

I ,S 


:15 A 
:45 A 
:45 A 
:45 A 

:45 P 
:45 P 
:45 P 
:45 P 
:15 P 
45 P 
45 P 
45 P 
50 P 
:00 p 

From San Francisco— Foot of Market street 
(Slip 8). 

♦7:15, 9:00, and 11:00 A. M., J1:00, *2:00, 13:00, 
**:00, J5:00 and *6:00p. m. 
From Oakland — Foot of Broadway. 

*6:00, 8:00, 10:00 A. M.; J12:00, *i : oo, 12:00, 
*3:00,:4:00 *5:00p. M. 

a for Morning. p for Afternoon. 

♦Sundays excepted. tSaturdays only. 

JSundays only, 
tt Monday, Thursday, and Saturday nights only. 

j! Saturdays and Sundays for Santa Cruz. 

II Sundays and Mondays from Santa Cruz 

The Pacific Transfer Company will call for 
and check baggage from hotels and residences. 
Enquire of Ticket Agents for Time Cards and 
other Information. 


The cry for free silver is a misleading one. 
It is easy to hold up a silver dollar to the 
laborer and the farmer and say to him: 
"With this silver dollar you caii buy as 
much as you can with a gold dollar." And 
so you can, but that is because that silver 
dollar, with only 50 cents' worth of metal in 
it, is backed by the gold dollar. Remove 
that gold backing and your silver dollar is 
worth only its market value. 

The trade journal known as Drugs, Oil 
and Paint, makes this point so clear under 
the title of "The Fool's Revenge" that its 
fable and moral are transferred to these 
columns. It says: 


"There was once a man who climbed a 
tree, and he had in his hand a saw. And 
while he was in the tree his enemy came 
beneath it and lay down to sleep in the 
shade. And the man said to himself: 'Be- 
hold my enemy, asleep and in my power! 
I will avenge myself upon him by sawing off 
a limb of this tree and allowing it to fall up- 
on him and crush him.' And as he said he 
did ; but he sat upon the limb, and when it 
fell he fell with it and was grievously in- 
jured. But the sleeping man was not in- 


" There was once a farmer who went in 
debt to a banker. And values declined and 
money became scarce, and he said: 'I will 
have a law passed making my debt payable 
in cheap mouey and thus I will be avenged 
upon ihis Gold Bug.' And as he said he 
did. But when debts had been payable in 
cheap money he received only cheap money 
for the products of his farm and he was re- 
quired to pay double the amount of cheap 
money for his necessities; and Ihe Gold 
Bug foreclosed the debt and was not injured, 
but the farmer was ruined." 

"And this is the story of 'The Fool's Re- 
venge.' " — Philadelphia Inquirer. 


The Irishman when called upon to reason 
out a problem often makes a short cut to- 
ward the answer and thereby proves that 
■' brevity is the soul of wit." One day as 
Pat, a water carrier, who supplied the little 
village with water from the river, halted at 
the top of the bank, a man famous for his 
inquisitive mind stopped and asked: 

"How long have you hauled water for the 
village, my good man? " 

"Tin years or more, sorr," was the ready 

"Ah, yes! How many loads do you take 
in a day? " 

"From tin to fifteen, sorr." 

"Ah! Now I have a problem for you. 
How much water at that rate have you 
hauled in all, sir?" 

Pat promptly jerked his thumb backward 
toward the river and replied: 

"All the wather you don't see there now, 
sorr." — Chicago News. 

San Francisco Window Gleaning 


Windows cleaned, floors scrubbed, stores, 
offices, and general house cleaning at very 
reasonable prices. Contracts made for 
cleaning by the week or month. 
Telephone 5U3. 328 Sutter St. 


NEW ZEALAND, ■ 1 »» 


for Honolulu only, Saturday, 

S. S. "Australia, 
July 11th. at 10 a 
S. S. "Mariposa 11 sails via Honolulu and Auck- 
land, for Sydney. Thursday, July 23th, at 2 P. M. 
Line lo Coolgardie, Australia, and Capetown, 
South Africa. J. D. SPBECKELS & BROS. CO., 
Agents, 114 Montgomery St. Freight office, 327 
Karket St., San Francisco, 


Tiburon Ferry— Foot of Market Street. 


WEEK DAYS— 7:30, 9:00, 11:00 A M; 12:35,3:30 
5:10, 6:30 p m. Thursdays— Extra trip at 
11:30 P M. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1:50 
and 11:30 pm. 

SUNDAYS— 7:30,9:30, 11:00 A M; 1:30 3:30, 5:00, 
6:20 PM. 


WEEK DAYS— 6:15, 7:50, 9:10, 11:10 AM; 12:45, 
3:40, 5:10 p M. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1 :55 
and 6:35 PH. 

SUNDAYS— 7:35, 9:35, 11:10 AM; 1:40,3:40,5:00, 
6:85 p m. 
Between San Franclsoo and Scouetzen Park, 

same schedule as above. 

Leave S. F. 

In Effect 
April 2, 1896 








3:30 PM 
5:10 PM 

,6:00 pm 

Santa Rosa. 

6:05 PM 
7:30 pm 

8:40 AM 













6: 15pm 

JImp"! 7:80AM | Querneville | 7:30pm 

10 10am 

7:30am| 7:30am 1 Sonoma, 110:40am 
5:10pm| 5:00pm | Slen Ellen. I 6:05pm 


7:30amI 7:30am 1 Q„h»..-nnl |10:40AM 
3:30pm! 5:00pm | Sebastopol. | 6:05pM 


Stages connect at Santa Rosa for Mark West 
Springs; at Geyserville for Skaggs' Springs; at 
Cloverdale for the Geysers; at Pieta for High- 
land Springs, Kelseyville, Soda Bay and Lake- 
port; at Hopland for Lakeport and Bartlett 
Springs; atUkiah, for Vichy Springs, Saratoga 
Springs. Blue Lakes, Laurel Del Lake, Upper 
Lake, Porno, Potter Valley, John Day's, Lier- 
ley's, Gravelly Valley. Booneville, Greenwood, 
Orr's Hot Springs, Mendocino City. Fort Bragg, 
Westport, Usal, Willitts, Cahto, Covelo, Lay- 
tonville, Harris, Scotia, and Eureka. 

Saturday-to-Monday Round Trip Tickets at re- 
duced rates. 

On Sundays, Round TrlpTlckets to all points 
beyond San Rafael at half rates. 

TICKET OFFICE— 650 Market St.. Chronicle 


Gen. Manager. 

R. X. RYAN, 
Gen. Passenger Agent. 


Dispatch steamers from San Francisco for 
ports In Alaska, 9 a.m.. July 3, 13, 18, 23; Au». 
2, 12, 27. ° 

For B. C. and Puget Sound ports, July 3, 8, 
13, 18, 83, 28 and every 5th day thereafter. 

For Eureka (Humboldt Bay), Steamer "Pom- 
ona," at 2 P. M. July 5, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, and 
every fourth day thereafter. 

For Newport, Los Angeles and all way ports, 
at 9 A. M. ; July 2, 6, 10, 14, 18, 22, 26, 30, and every 
fourth day thereafter. 

For San Diego .stopping only at Port Harford 
Santa Barbara, Port Los Angeles, Redondo, (Los 
Angeles) and Newport, July 5, 8, 12, 16. 20, 2*, 28. 
and every fourth day thereafter, at 11 a. m. 

ForEnsenada, San Jose del Cabo, Mazatlan, 
La Paz. Altata, and Guaymas (Mexico), steamei 
"Orizaba," 10 a. m., July 3, and 25th of each 
m onth thereafter. 

Ticket Office— Palaoe Hotel, No. 4 New 
Montgomery street. 

GOODALL, PERKINS & CO., Gen'l Agents, 
No. 10 Market street, San Francisco 


For Japan and China. 

Steamers leave wharf at FIRST and BRAN- 
NAN STREETS, at 3 P M, for YOKOHAMA and 
HONGKONG, connecting at Yokohama with 
steamers for SHANGHAI. 

Doric Tuesday, July 21, 1896 

Belgic (via Honolulu), Saturday, August 8, 1896 
Goptic (via Honolulu), Wednesday, Aug. 26, 1896 
Gaelic Saturday, September 12, 1896 

Round Trip tickets at Reduced Rates. 
For freight or passage apply at Company's 
Office, No. 421 Market street, corner First. 

D. D. STUBBS, Secretary. 

40th Anniversary Number. 


S. F. News Letter, July 18, 1896. 

.Respectfully inscribed to "the "Wealth Enterprise, and Beauty of California by their faithful friend, F. Marriott, July, 1879. 

/Vw Prr Cbpy, 10 Cmts. 

Annwti Nwhatriptiim % $£.00. 


Fol. £///. 


Number 3. 

Printed and Published erery Saturday by the proprietor. FREII HA KRIUTT 
904^t»-415 Merchant street. San Francisco. Entered at San FrancUco 
Postofiee a* Second-rtas* Matter. 

Tkl ofct or the SEWS LETTER in .\>ir lor* City it at Trmplt Court; 
and at Chicago. SOS Boyet Building. {Frank E Morrison. Eastern 
Representative), irhere information may be obtained regarding subscrip- 
tion and advertising rates. 

QILVER be— harped! 

THE cool weather will commence shortly, but with a lot 
of crank Democrats steering the Ship of State we 
are likely to run into hot water before long. 

THE Pacific Mail Steamship Company is in hard luck. 
The loss of the Colombia adds another item to a long 
series of disasters. Navigation a'.ODg the shores of the 
"peaceful ocean'' is not all that the fancy of poets has 
painted it. 

IT is explained that the man who fired upon President 
Faure of France sought only to attract attention. His 
cartridges were blank. It is much the same way with 
some of the shouters who indulge in the most horrible 
threats of revolution and anarchy unless "the masses" get 
free silver at 16 to 1. These loud-sounding warnings are 
as harmless as the Frenchman's pistol, but they serve the 
desired purpose. 

BRYAN may be a little young, but he is modest and 
patriotic. His noble refusal of a second term as Pres- 
ident has had no parallel in the history of this republic 
since the days of Washington. And he tells an admiring 
people that this is no hasty determination on his part; it is 
a stern resolve that has been with him since the day he 
doffed knee-breeches for the last time. Nothing now seems 
to stand in the way of Bryan's election — except the voters. 

WHEN the question of fixing a coinage ratio between 
gold and silver was under discussion, in the early 
days of this Republic, the voice of every statesman was for 
following the commercial ratio, whatever that might be. 
In his report on the establishment of a mint, Alexander 
Hamilton discussed the subject in a thorough fashion, 
clearly showing the impossibility of maintaining a parity un- 
less the commercial ratio were ascertained and adhered 

SCHEMING women, who have designs on the property 
of rich bachelors or widows, should be mindful of the 
Act of the last Legislature, which gave a death-blow to the 
secret marriage contract business in this State. Since 
March 26, 1895, solemnization by a Justice of the Supreme 
Court, Judge of the Superior Court, Justice of the Peace, 
priest, or minister of the gospel of any denomination, has 
been essential to the legal validity of marriage in Califor- 

FR. BOONE, president of the Berkeley Board of Edu- 
i cation, says that if he could have his own way every 
applicant for a position as teacher should be married, "and 
married young, with the additional requirement that they- 
be the mother or father of at least two children." In 
what way these embryo teachers would sustain themselves, 
while thus qualifying for teaching, the good man fails to 
point out. Marriage as a step to pedagogy will strike the 
average reader as a novel idea. Seeing that most of the 
lady teachers are well pleased to leave the school-room for 
the home, and that husbands are ordinarily expected to 
maintain their families by their own exertions, it is 
scarcely likely that the Berkeley man's views will become 
widely popular. 

WK. cannot think of a better man for the position of 
Prison Director in place of .1. H. Neff, resigned, than 
Mr. Chas. Sonntag. Mr. Sonntag is a well-known gentle- 
man and has beer, one of our leading business men for a 
number of years. Penalogy needs some one who has given 
it attention and who has experience behind him to give 
weight to his judgment and advice. Mr. Sonntag has al- 
ready filled this important position and did the office cre- 
dit. For this reason we suggest that he be re-appointed. 

S PARTICULARLY odious example of the political ser- 
mon was preached in Plymouth Church last Sunday 
by the Reverend Dr. Williams. It. was entitled, " An Il- 
lustrious Beginning of a Great Campaign," and was a 
thinly-disguised effort to create sympathy for the free sil- 
ver movement, with incidental reflections upon the rich, 
the employers of labor, and the introduction of labor-sav- 
ing machines. Stump speeches from the pulpit are among 
the numerous influences at work to destroy what remains 
of respect for religion. 

IN his feverish address to the Non-Partisan Bimetallic 
Convention of Iowa, the chairman, S. H. Bashor, asked 
this question: "What is the difference whether the masses 
are pierced with bayonets and bullets, in one mighty on- 
slaught, or slowly ground to starvation under the heels of 
oppression ?" Thus the advocates of the fifty-cent dollar 
seek to draw to the banner of silver all the forces of revol- 
ution and anarchy. Bryan will lead a motley host to de- 
feat next November, but the instruments of their over- 
throw will be ballots, not bullets. 

IF Golden Gate Avenue is to be considered a boulevard, 
proper measures should be taken tomaintain it as such. 
At present the street is swept late at night, and in the 
early hours of morning teams are driven over it in such 
numbers that by nine o'clock it becomes a veritable stable. 
The only way to stop this is to station sufficient policemen 
along the avenue from five o'clock in the morning and give 
them instructions to keep it clear of teams. Wheelmen 
especially are considerably inconvenienced by the present 
state of affairs and unless matters are speedly changed it 
is simply farcical to speak of the street as a boulevard. 

THE nomination of a national ticket by gold standard 
Democrats would be a relief to many thousands who 
will not vote for Bryan and free silver, but yet can scarcely 
stomach McKinley and his tariff views. It would be bet- 
ter to have McKinley's election accomplished through a 
division of the Democratic vote in this manner, than to 
have "great gains" credited to the Republican party. 
The latter result would tend to give new life to the ancient 
fallacy of protection. A gold standard Democratic ticket 
might be destructive xo the organization of the old 
Jeffersonian party, but it would be conservative of its 

SLATE publication by the Bureau of Statistics at 
Washington contains an instructive chart, illustrat- 
ing the annual variations in the volumne of imports and 
exports. It is a striking fact, which at once arrests 
the attention of the observing, that the years or periods of 
greatest exports have likewise been characterized by cor- 
respondingly large imports. The truth that commerce is 
an exchange of commodities is brought home to the reader 
in a single glance. In other words, we cannot hope to 
have a large export trade unless we buy freely in foreign 
countries where we aim to sell. A high tariff is the worst 
enemy of foreign trade. 


July 18, 1896. 


Frederick Marriott, Sr. 

THE late Frederick Marriott, founder of this paper, 
was born at Enfield, near London, England, on the 
16th of July, 1805. and died in this eity on the 16th of 
December 1884; having attained the ripe old age of 79 
years and 5 months. His father practised law in Taunton, 
Somersetshire, and at the same time published the leading 
newspaper of the County; so that the subject of this sketch 
came naturally by his literary judgment and experience. 
His first employment in life, after finishing his education, 
was in the service of the renowned East India Company. 
In this fine field for talent, and adventure, he rapidly 
made his mark, and had he remained in India, he would as- 
suredly have risen to a position of great dignity and in- 
fluence. The climate, however, and the all-pervading 
system of corruption that prevailed at the time, did not 
suit him, and after a few years of service he resigned and 
returned to England. He soon embarked in the business 
of paper manufacturing, which he made a success, and in 
a remarkably short period accumulated considerable 
wealth. Had he been content to conduct his paper sales 
on strictly business principles, he would, at an early age, 
have become quite a rich man. But a soft side for journal- 
ism and journalists was not quite compatable with profit- 
able paper manufacturing. Soon he was supplying 
pretty nearly all the impecunious "sheets" in England and 
permitting them to get deeply into his debt. This led to 
his taking the management of more than one of them into 
his own hands, and to his ultimately withdrawing from the 
manufacturing of the white paper. The present Conser- 
vative Chronicle of London fell into his hands in that way, 
and he ran it for some time. He established that best of 
all illustrated papers, the London News, but sold it to his 
engraver Ingram, in whose family it still remains, for 
$5,000. He subsequently started a breezy weekly called 
Chat, with the late George Augustus Sala as editor. Mr. 
Marriott bad a rare genius for discovering talent in young 
writers, and to that fact Mr. Sala, who lived to become 
the best known journalist in England, owed, at the early 
age of 20, his transference from a position as assistant 
scene painter at a theatre to that of Editor of Chat. 
Very pleasant references to Mr. Marriott and his news- 
paper ventures are to be found in Mr. Sala's recently 

published "Life and Adventures." The Guide to Life and 
the Railway Bell, were both published by him about this 
time. Early in 1850 he caught the California fever and 
made tracks for these shores. At first be went to the 
mines, but soon found he was not suited to such a life and 
came to San Francisco. Here he found no difficulty in 
raising capital with which to couduct a banking business. 
Possessing the confidence of several capitalists, he did a 
large money-broking business. He was the medium through 
whom vast sums were advanced to the late Henry Meiggs, 
but such was Mr. Marriott's shrewdness that when the 
collapse came it was found that his patrons were all so 
well secured that they lost not a cent. In 1856 his uatural 
bent led him from the comparatively peaceful paths of 
business into the thorny ways of journalism. He estab- 
lished the News Letter, which was a success from the 
first, and thenceforward its history was his history, and 
remained so until the day of his death. He was a witty, 
cheerful companion, a true and stanch friend, loyal to any 
cause he espoused, an inbred hater of demagogism in 
all forms, and, take him all in all, he was a man whose like 
we shall not soon look unon again. Without constructive 
literary ability himself, be probably had no equal as a judge 
of literary productions. He knew the best and possessed in- 
finite tact in always securing it. For force, vigor, literary 
skill, and boldness in dealing with wrong, the News Letter 
had no near competitor. All his associates who have sur- 
vived him cherish a tender recollection of the late Mr. 
Marriott and with one heart and one mind are ready to 
pray for peace to his ashes. 

For Our Party is nothing as against honesty and 
Country right. That is the way in which all the 

And Right, citizens are now called upon to view national 
politics. The anarchy of Altgeld, the blat- 
ant demagogy of Tillman, the fifty-cent dollar of Bryan, 
and the levelling downwards of the Chicago platform, are 
all wrong and can never obtain the assent of the best 
minds of a great and educated people. What is right in 
their hearts and minds is everywhere and everlasting 
right. In their minds and hearts honest money is right, 
beyond a question or a peradventure. Through the ages, 
in all history, around the world, and invariably in America 
it has been right. It was right at Chicago, whatever the 
numbers or the words there against it. It will be right 
at the polls in November, whatever the forces adverse to 
it. Against a truth that is eternal, a party convention 
that lost its head is not an authority. This country is ac- 
customed to being dominated from the top, and not from 
the bottom, from its brains, and from its heart, and from 
its conscience, not from its greed, not from its revenge, 
not from its hates, and not irom its impulses to repudia- 
tion, to robbery, or to any other lowering influence. In 
November America will be saved to honesty and the Demo- 
cracy saved to reason and taught the folly of wrong. No 
man, or set of men, can by stamping it make 50 cents in 
silver an honest payment for one-hundred cents worth of 
indebtedness. To attempt it is to endeavor to popularize 
unjust dealings between man and man, and to repeal the 
moral code. A war on the multiplication table will not go 
with educated minds, and an attack upon the ten com- 
mandments will not prevail over the consciences of the 
American people. Neither the adherents to dishonesty, 
nor the advocates of degraded values, and of sham demo- 
cracy at Chicago will win their way in the country, or with 
the country, no matter how conclusive their success at the 
late convention may seem to have been. This country 
will maintain its money as good as the best, will see that 
the working man's dollar shall be second to no other in 
purchasing power, and that all debts, public and private, 
are paid in money as good as that that was borrowed. 
Times may be hard, but dishonesty will not better them. 
A fifty-cent dollar will be voted down in November. 

The question arises in this connection as to how honest 
men of all parties, and of no party, shall best give effect 
to their views in regard to this matter. That they cannot 
vote the Democratic ticket, is, of course, agreed. Their 
chief object being to defeat that ticket, the question of 
paramount importance is as to how to most certainly ac- 
complish that end. The Gold Democrats have not yet 
spoken with a certain voice, but the tendency appears to 
be to throw party to the winds and vote for McKiuley. 

July 18, 1896. 


That is do doubt the way to make a ballot count for all it 
r ih in Um now Invoked against common 

hont- a that the flection 

tween McKintey and Bryan. There is no chance whatever 
for a third ticket A vote for one would not count for 

Bryan, hut it would not be counted against him as It 

to be. if it is made to do ROod. A vote tor M< 

Kinley is the most effective Wow that can be struck at 

the dishonest dollar, and the News LaTTO favoi 
course; not that it believes in the man. but that it i^ 
fied the conservatism of the Republican party can be 
trusted to stand by the St. Louis platform. That is the 
point. The platform is all right, and there are stalwart 
men behind it who can be trusted to see that it ooes not 
go to pieces under the feet of a man of so many silver 
speeches as McKinley. He never has been sound on the 
money question, but he is not now his own master. There 
is a mortgage upon him that will hold him firmly to honest 
money. _ Of course, we could wish that the next President 
of the United States could come to his great office in a 
noble and honorable way. But the die is cast. It is either 
Bryan and dishonesty, or McEinley and forced integrity. 

Jacobin We are having overmuch of Judge Maguire 
Maguire. these diys. Besides being a Congressman, 
he has turned himself into a newspaper cor- 
respondent, to the no great advantage of the public. 
Judge Maguire wearies. He is to California what 
Tillman is to South Carolina— that is to say, a states- 
man whose capacity to talk bears a scant" relation to 
bis ability to think. Judge Maguire is endless. At 
home he is voluble, in the House of Representatives his 
eye is forever on that of the Speaker, and when he cannot 
catch it he seeks outside engagements for the exercise of 
his remarkable loquacity. California and Washington com- 
bined being too restricted a field for the outpour of the 
Maguire eloquence. Delaware has felt the load of his pres- 
ence. For Judge Maguire is a single-taxer. Whatever 
promises to threateu property or disturb the peace of 
society, has an irresistible fascination for this stormy 
petrel of politics. He knows the value of popularity and 
seeks it, which is business. His sympathies are all with 
the mob. Whatever is solid, regular, and established, 
represents so much capital to Judge Maguire — he can 
attack it. The propertyless have in this Californian Alt- 
geld an interested spokesman. He is not propertyless 
himself, any more than is his Chicago counterpart, but as 
he had his political birth on the sand lots he knows how the 
penniless feel. On that knowledge he trades. Any man 
who owns something comes under Judge Maguire's profes- 
sional suspicion. He is shrewd, and comprehends the 
value of numbers at the ballot-box. The man without a 
shirt is as potent there as the millionaire whose well-being 
depends on the respect for law felt by the community. 
Judge Maguire chooses the Democratic party as the scene 
of his activity. The circumstance that most poor men are 
Democrats is what has determined his choice. The per- 
former must have an instrument to play on. He is a man 
of intelligence and knows perfectly well what he is about. 
Consequently his career is the more disgraceful. If he 
were an ignoramus, fired with the dark zeal of the illit- 
erate, he could be respected for earnestness, but that 
tribute must be withheld from him. Judge Maguire is not 
a Democrat, but a demagogue. He rose to the Superior 
Bench by the votes of the proletariat, and has never for- 
gotten the obligation. The shovelers, the drudges of 
society, made him a magistrate, and he continues to be 
their representative, in the perennial war between the 
"masses and the classes," Judge Maguire is with the 
people who have nothing and detest those who are better 
off. That is his metier. He has the role of the Jacobin to 
play, and plays it with vigor. 

At the moment, the republic is in arms — and with reason 
—against the Jacobins. They have only to see something 
existing, settled, and respected, in order to be its venom- 
ous enemies. The Jacobins were the men of Paris who 
threw up the barricades. Had Judge Maguire been there 
his voice would have been lifted to encourage them. 

It is not seemly that such a man should represent Cali- 
fornia in Congress. He does not speak for our interests, 
but rather for the socialistic discontent which is honey- 
combing the United States. He does not voice the ideas, 

the wants, or the sentiments of business men. but talks 

for the radicalism of the streel corners Bis chief dis- 
tinction is that he is a follower of Henry George, and the 

time he should rive to his Congressional duties Is often 
spent in crusading around Delaware and elsewhere advo- 
cating confiscation of the land. In his most reputable 
aspect Judge Maguire is something of a crank. Hut he is 
never crank enough to forget his own welfare, which is 

served by bis seeming enthusiasms. Mixed with his rat 

tie brain ardor there is a cunning which looks out for votes. 
The combination is not new ; often there have been in poli- 
tics men who were half patriots and half demagogues. 
Marat, Robespierre, Danton, and most of the Jacobins of 
Paris who rose from the obscurity of the gutter to com- 
mand of the guillotine, were of this order. Maguire is a 
revolutionist by instinct. The peaceful conditions of his 
time and country are against him, but what he can do as 
a disturber he does, and does gladly. It is a mistake to 
send such a man to Congress. He should be kept at home 
and watched by the police. 

The Railroads The statistics show that the railroads of 
and the country are still bearing their full 

Hard Times, share of the brunt of hard times. If 
there were the slightest shadow of truth 
in the teaching of the demagogues, the railroads would now 
be waxing rich by grinding out of the producer an undue 
share of his profits. As a matter of fact the pinch is 
specially severe on capital invested in railroads. During 
the first half of the present year there went into the hands 
of receivers eighteen railroads with a mileage of 3896, and 
a capital of $190,361,000. In the corresponding period of 
last year, eleven roads with a mileage of 2409 and a capi- 
tal of $149,651,000 passed into the hands of receivers; or, 
in other words, into bankruptcy. And yet all this is a 
mere bagatelle compared with the failures of '93-4. 
Nothing can more clearly show that fares and freights are 
rather below than above what they ought to be. Charges 
that do not yield the cost of operating, and fair interest on 
capital, are manifestly inadequate, and certainly afford 
no righteous cause for the denunciation of demagogues 
who demand that they shall be made still less. Railroads 
are a necessity to this expansive country, they are splendid 
servitors of a great country that would have been nothing 
without them and it is a marvel how our wants in this res- 
pect have been supplied. We have nearly as many miles 
of railroad as are to be found in all the rest of the world 
put together, and we need many miles yet. Our railroads 
are our largest employers of labor. The doctrine of "live 
and let live " is a very necessary one in this connection. 

Three Mayor Pingree of Detroit is a practical refor- 
Cent mer who prefers results to talk. When he put 

Fares, the idle hands of the city of which he was Chief 
Magistrate to work cultivating potato patches 
he enabled them to tide over a hard winter, showed them 
how to maintain their independence and at the same time 
support themselves and their families. The scheme proved 
practicable and eminently successful. About the same 
time he began to preach three-cent car fares iD half the 
towns of the West, and he prophesied that three-cent fares 
would become the rule, because they would, pay. At last 
his efforts have been crowned with success in a manner 
that disproves the old adage that no man is a prophet in 
his own country. The City of Detroit has forced the 
street railway corporations within its limits to adopt the 
three cent fare, which is now good for a ten mile ride on 
any line in that city. It is evident that the companies 
saw that they could do well at that rate, for they yielded 
promptly when the city began to take steps to grant 
franchises based on a three-cent contract. In fact the 
companies could find no reply to the figures of Mayor 
Pingree who demonstrated beyond a peradventure that 
the lower charge would pay, and was at that moment pay- 
ing in Toronto, Canada. Then when it became a certainty 
that capital was ready to go into the business on the ex- 
press understanding that three cents should be the 
maximum cost of a ride, the old companies had nothing to 
do but capitulate. It is a good work to have proved that 
three cents will pay. That fact established the three cent 
fare will not long be confined to the City of Detroit. We 
should take very kindly to it in San Francisco. 


July 18, 1896. 


THE News Letter celebrates the 40th anniversary of 
its birth. On the 20th July, 1856. this journal made 
i u s first appeal to the judgment and patronage of the peo- 
ple of San Francisco. A great many things have 
happened since then. The greatest city of this last half of 
the nineteenth century has sprung into life and being and 
become one of the wonders of the world, after passing 
through a marvelous history crowded with events as rare, 
strange and interesting as any found within the realms of 
poetry or fiction. Of the making of that history the News 
Letter has been a witness, and a part of that history it 
has itself been. No event of any moment has occurred in 
which it has not intervened with a more or less potential 
say, often preventing great wrongs, both public and pri- 
vate, and at least modifying them when it could not do 
better. It has always been the greatest source of the 
News Letter's strength that it did not seek its constitu- 
ency among the unwashed multitude, and that it dared to 
speak as it thought, knowing that it had at its back a 
class of readers at once discriminating and influential, and 
rendered tolerant of independent opinions by reason of 
their education and worldly experience. To keep safely 
within that groove it has always been mindful to measure 
its coat according to its cloth. It has adhered to its 
weekly form and never sought to branch out into a daily, 
because that would have been to abdicate its true func- 
tions by putting it under the heel of the unthinking crowd. 
It was, and is, and will remain free to speak as the very 
best brains it can command — which, so far, have been the 
ablest the city afforded — may think right and proper. It 
is in that way that it has carved out a sphere of activity 
and usefulness, peculiarly its own, that is as applicable to 
these days as it was to those of '56, and that will endure 
as long as the costly dailies must needs have the nickels of 
the many or die. Inexorable demands for a large and 
ever increasing circulation mean subserviency to the most 
pronounced tyrant on earth — the Mob. The News Letter 
is not and never has been the Mob's organ. A remem- 
brance of that fact is as necessary to an understanding of 
its past as it is of its present. 

Hence it has come that this journal has never run with 
the many to do evil, and more often than not has found it- 
self on what for the moment was the unpopular side. This 
policy was adhered to at times when it meant something 
more than pecuniary loss. When men's passions are in- 
flamed criticism may mean personal danger, and that is 
just what it did mean to the News Letter on several 
occasions during its career. Indeed, it was born amidst a 
storm of passion that tried men's souls. In 1856 the 
second vigilance committee sprang into existence. Its 
avowed purpose was to suppress the many criminals then 
believed to have their haunts in this city. The claim was 
that the law could not be left to take its course, because 
its administration was in the hands of the very men it was 
desired to suppress. On the other hand, there was a 
strongly entertained belief that, whilst many well meaning 
citizens were acting with the committee, there were others 
intent upon wreaking vengeance upon personal or political 
enemies. It is not our purpose at this late day to discuss 
who were right and who wrong in these opposite conten- 
tions; even if we knew, which we do not. It is enough for 
our purpose to indicate the nature of the dispute. Vio- 
lent measures were adopted, prisoners were taken out of 
the hands of the law, and hanged in full view of the ex- 
cited crowds that assembled in the streets. That many 
very tough and hardened criminals were, to the city's ad- 
vantage, thus gotten rid of, is doubtless true, but the facts 
remain that it was a lawless proceeding and a dangerous 
precedent. A Sovereign State of the Union at the time, 
law and order in California ought to have been paramount. 
Besides, if one side could indulge in lawless courses to-day, 
the other might to-morrow, and so the end of it all was un- 
certain. Viewiug the matter in that light, the News 
LETrER ventured upon the bold and dangerous course of de- 
nouncing the Vigilantes and calling upon the United States 
authorities to suppress them. The proprietor of this 
paper was promptly waited upon by members of the com- 
mittee and "warned." He thereupon changed his tactics 
somewhat but kept firmly to his purpose. In his next 
issue he intimated that if some sinners were being hanged, 

there were many no-saints doing the hanging, as he 
threatened to show. He was not, however, called upon 
for his proofs, and the committee soon disbanded What 
influence, if any, the News Letter had in ameliorating 
the severity of the committee's course, may not now be 
correctly estimated, and it matters not to estimate it. It 
is enough that the historical fact is stated and remains 
that the News Letter began its career, as it has con- 
tinued it, in opposition to mobs and to mob made laws and 
opinions of every sort and description. Many members of 
the vigilantes became and remained warm friends of the 
News Letter, admitting that it had done good in check- 
ing the ardor of several very doubtful committeemen. 
Than the late Wm. T. Coleman, the head of the Vigilantes, 
the News Letter never had a stancher supporter, from 
the troubled days of '56 to the more tranquil times in which 
he went down to an honored grave. In this connection, it 
is interesting to recall how unable the dailies of that time 
were to say what they thought about the exciting events 
of the period. The Herald, published by the late John 
Nugent, was by all odds the most prosperous paper of the 
time. The Alta California, was then but an auctioneer's 
advertising sheet, and possessed neither circulation nor 
influence. After much hesitation, the Herald committed 
itself in opposition to the Vigilance Committee and within 
24 hours was without readers or advertisers. On that 
day the Alta California had two editorials in type; one for, 
and one against the committee. By something in the 
nature of an accident late at night, the favorable article 
got into the forms, appeared next morning, and the Alta 
California's fortune was made. The fate that befell the 
abler and more courageous Herald still acts as a kind of a 
nightmare upon the daily journal, and is, no doubt, to 
some extent responsible for the anxiety we still witness to 
be on the side of the mob, right or wrong. As the dailies 
have increased in value so they have necessarily increased 
in fear of all save the individual and the weak. If a half 
column editorial sufficed to kill John Nugent's tried Herald, 
how little might dispose of Hearst's uncertain Examiner? 
We may talk of independent journalism as we please, but 
it cannot exist when a million or more are at the mercy of 
the whims, crazes or passions of a mob. 

Another occasion on which the News Letter felt called 
upon to display courage, if not discretion, was during the 
war. As anxious as anybody could be that California 
should remain loyal to the Union and keep out of the un- 
pleasantness, it felt that if that were accomplished the 
evils of the war should be minimized as much as possible 
and not needlessly forced into the affairs of the Pacific 
Coast. We were then so distant from the scene of action, 
there being no railroad across the continent, that there 
was much reason to hope that we cosmopolitan seekers 
after gold on the shores of the mild Pacific might be per- 
mitted to remain comparatively undisturbed by a conflict 
in which we could take no efficient part. The passions of 
the time very naturally tended the other way. Now 
that we can view dispassionately what then occurred the 
marvel perhaps is that we got along as well as we did. If 
hot heads on both sides had had their way things would 
certainly have gone to greater extremes than they did. 
The News Letter, with a certain sympathy for the under 
dog, and a decided disapproval of many measures em- 
ployed to entrap peaceable citizens into unwise expres- 
sions of opinion, so as to serve as an excuse to get them 
out of the way by deportation to Alcatraz, was almost in- 
variably in the many disputes of the period, found on the 
side of the Southern man. Its course was generous and 
unselfish and needs no apology at this time of day. The 
News Letter was understood by its friends and reckoned 
among its most frequent contributors such loyal men as 
Frank Pixley and John F. Swift. Yet it angered the 
crowd, by its sympathy for local Southern men, to such an 
extent that a mob visited its office, threw its type and 
presses into the street, and did much damage; for which, 
however, the city subsequently paid adequate compensa- 
tion. We think this paper was at that time a moderating 
and ameliorating influence locally and such we know it was 
the intention of its proprietor it should be. Happily, those 
times are now but a memory. We recall them only to 
illustrate once again that a weekly publisher for the dis- 
criminating and educated can afford, even in perilous 
times, to dare the passions of the hour and fly, if need be, 

July 18. 1896. 


in the face of the many. When John Milton wrote that 

wonderful essay on a free press that will endure as long as 

could not have had in mind a millionaire's 

•!iat dare Dot call murder by its proper name, if 

d by labor strikers; that must not for Its very 

noe a fifty-cent dollar as a fraud; and that 

to bow tbe knee to even Buokleyism, when 

in the ascendant. As a palladium of our liberties, tbe 

daily has. hereabouts at any rate, outlived its usefulness 

and the truth, if unpopular, must be looked for in weeklies 

that cannot be ruined by a passing whim or passion. 

iking of Buckleyism reminds us that any mention of 
the News Letter's career, however brief, that failed to 
to the fight this paper waged for years against the 
corrupt elements that controlled the affairs of this wealthy 
municipality, would be lacking in a very essential feature. 
For twelve years, or more, an astute saloon keeper 
named Buckley, ran this city's government as if he owned 
it. Without office of any kind he yet controlled all the 
offices, sold everything that an official could do for money, 
and. of course, became rich by his operations. An able 
organizer of men. he combined together the criminals, 
gamblers, and other rough and tough elements of this 
strangely constituted city, by whose aid he carried the 
primaries, dictated nominations to office, and practically 
owned all officialdom, from the Judges on the Bench to the 
pound keeper in his yelping den. The News Letter, al- 
most alone and unaided, determined that this state of 
things should be broken up. At first it was slow work 
and an up hill fight. The dailies remained as dumb as 
muzzled oxen, until with a vim and adetermination peculiar 
to itself, the News Letter had sapped and mined the very 
foundations of Buckleyism, and the superstructure began 
to totter. Then, and not until then, the dailies came to 
our assistance and Buckley's indictment and flight from 
the State soon followed. During most of that period 
public opinion was singularly tolerant of corruption, and 
it was long ere the crowd could be aroused to smite the 
"'Boss" hip and thigh. As a matter of fact, they con- 
tinued to support him long after his methods had been 
made notorious and it is no fault of theirs, or of their 
chosen daily organs, that Buckleyism and its corruption 
and terrorism have ceased to be. 

From the date of its establishment until now the News 
Letter has persitently advocated the cause of the tax- 
payer as against the taxeater, and has done what it could 
to keep down taxes and avoid municipal debt. In local 
government it has inclined towards independent nomina- 
tions, and in regard to corporate investments in every 
kind of public use, it has invariably and stancbly cham- 
pioned the conservative, but often times unpopular side of 
vested interests. It has always believed that capital in 
public uses should be fairly protected and that anything 
savoring of confiscation, even though done under the color 
of law, is rascally, dishonest, and in the end most injurious 
to the community as a whole. This is not popular doc- 
trine at this time but it is true all the same, and as long 
as the News Letter endures, it will be advocated with an 
ability the dailies do not command, and which they would 
not utilize if they did. 

In State and National politics the News Letter has al- 
ways been independent and has advocated measures rather 
than men; at the same time it has been a terror to candi- 
dates with shady records, whether found in one party or 
the other. With perhaps a leaning towards the Demo- 
cratic party, it has never failed to point out what it 
deemed the" mistakes of that party, and, when they were 
vital, to repudiate it on that ground. The results of the 
late Chicago convention compel it to take that course now. 
Social life and the domestic affairs of the city have al- 
ways had special attention. No social function has been 
held in our city for forty years but has received its best 
mention in these columns, and for many years this import- 
ant department of journaliism was left entirely to the 
News Letter. 

Our notable fights against frauds in weights and 
measures, and in adulteration of foods, brought us much 
trouble and not a little anxiety. We had to be bold to 
affect anything and that we could not be without paying 
for chemical analyses upon which we could absolutely de- 
pend. The signs are that the good fight in this direction 
will be taken up by the State. Medical quacks, without 

diplomas, or My pretentions to skilled knowledge, almost 
monopolized tbe practice Of medicine in this eity twenty 

years ago, and a most shameful condition ol things existed, 

The N«W8 LBTTM aroused publie Opinion, exposed some 

300 quack practitioners, drove them out of thecifr 
i> rought tin- medical profession, for the Brat time in the 
state, into recognition by law. The Springfield Republi- 
can said it was B greater work than Stanley's In discover- 
ing Livingstone, and the London Lancet declared that it 
had profoundly interested the entire medical world. 

These are samples of the methods by which the NEWS 
Letter has claimed and obtained publie patronage, and 
has managed to outlive nearly all its contemporaries, 
daily and weekly. Save the daily Evening Bulletin, which 
outranks us only a few months, the News Letter is the 
oldest journal now published in San Francisco. Its founder 
died in December 1884, since when it has been conducted 
by his son, the present proprietor, who, whilst keeping 
pace with the t.mes has remained true to its original 
policy. As the News Letter began so it will continue. 
From grave to gay, and from lively to severe, it will re- 
main, at once, the mentor, whip, and mirror of the town. 


TO people who remember the News Letter and its 
founder up to the eighties, no mention of the career 
of this journal would be altogether complete that ignored 
one who in his way was a most efficient member of the 
staff. We refer to "our dog Jack.'' For nearly a quarter 
of a century he was to all intents and purposes a part and 
parcel of the News Letter. He and the late Mr. Mar- 
riott were inseparable friends, and were about equally 
well known by the community generally. Where the one 
was the other was pretty sure to be. Though his master 
was a non-combatant and aman of peace, his dog " Jack " 
was always for war, if only the assault were directed 
against his master. A more faithful animal never lived, 
and many of his ways were so cute that Mr. Marriott 
maintained to the day of his death that animals had souls, 
and that his "Jack" could reason and think. This led mem- 
bers of the staff to often give "our dog Jack" as the 
authority for many of their brightest payings, and so it 
came that the faithful creature had quite a reputation as 
an assumed contributor to these columns. Like his mas- 
ter, he was a good judge of men, and like him, too, he 
lived to a ripe old age, and went down to his grave full of 
vears and honors. 

B. c. HESFOBJ), 
Grand President N. S. G. W.j State Senator Seventh Senatorial District 


July 18, 1896. 


THE practical evolution of gold mining in California 
during the past forty years has been in conformity 
with the progressive advancement of the century in the 
arts and sciences, as applied to the development of indus- 
trial enterprise. When the Pioneer first began to open 
up the treasure vaults of the Golden State, he literally 
started from the very grass roots, leaving it to his de- 
scendants to carry the work downward to the lower levels, 
hundreds of feet below the surface where the rich veins of 
auriferous quartz are being profitably exploited at the 
present day. It is an interesting as well as an attractive 
study, tracing the varied changes in the methods and 
scope of mining since the first sanguine argonaut camped 
upon the banks of some mountain stream, from the bed of 
which he hoped to gather the fortune he had traveled so 
far to seek. To him, indeed, nature proved bountiful. Be- 
fore him was spread the golden accumulations of centuries, 
the detritus from ledges crumbled by passing years, 
and the erosive action of the elements to be swept and 
sifted m their course through ravines and canyons by 
mountain creeks and streams, swollen at intervals to tor- 
rential proportions by the winter storms and melting 
snows, leaving the shiny particles of yellow metal stored in 
the " bars " below which acted as natural riffles. The 
passing of the placer miner marked the advent of the pros- 
pector for veins of gold-bearing quartz and other mineral 
deposits. The primitive pan and rocker gave way to the 
stamp mills, with their metal saving appliances, inaugurat- 
ing a new era in the industry which served to build up this 
great commonwealth on the shores of the Pacific, and 
added so materially to the money circulation of the world. 
The discovery of auriferous gravel channels, in addition to 
'edges of quartz, enhanced the interest taken abroad in 
California mines, and, for a time in the early sixties, large 
amounts of capital drifted into the State from the East 
and Europe. 

To review the successes and failures which have attended 
California mining investment during a period covering 
nearly half a century would require more space than can 
be spared for the purpose on this occasion. The failures 
have been too frequent, unfortunately, owing in most in- 
stances to mismanagement and ignorance, yet they only 
serve to show up to greater advantage the ventures which 
proved highly profitable to all connected with them. The 
early quartz companies which fizzled out after expending 
considerable money in attempting to open up mines in what 
are to-day the most prominent mining districts of the 
State are forgotten, but not so with such concerns as the 
Sierra Buttes, Ruby, and Dunderbury, the Richmond, and 
Albion, of Nevada, which disbursed millions in dividends 
among foreign stockholders. It may seem strange, but it 
is true, nevertheless, that notwithstanding the fact that 
San Francisco owes its very existence to gold mining, the 
mercantile classes of the period immediately before the 
Civil War were inclined to frown upon the business man 
who was known to be connected with a mine. This refers 
especially to quartz mines, owing to the uncertainty which 
attached to the system in vogue for saving the gold. The 
water supply, through lack of the necessary means of con- 
ducting it to the scene of operations, was utterly inadeq uate, 
and the winter rains alone could be depended upon at the 
mills. On this account the miner had to store his ores for 
months at a time until able to work them, and the possi- 
bility of losses apt to occur by the delay did not help his 
credit out with the city merchants. Besides this, the re- 
duction machinery was so defective, owing to inexperience, 
that the results were not satisfactory in any event. An 
inability to handle water encountered in sinking on prom- 
ising ledges was another drawback not easily overcome, 
and quite frequently the owner of some valuable property 
was compelled to abandon it just at the moment success 
seemed certain. These objectionable contingencies all 
served to keep the industry in the background, and re- 
tarded its progress in a great measure, so far as the in- 
vestment of home capital was concerned. Hydraulic min- 
ing fared a little better, and quite a little business was 
transacted by old-established importers in the canvas used 
originally for hose, and general supplies absorbed in large 
quantities iu the interior mining camps. 

Not so many years later this branch of mining fell under 
the ban of the San Francisco merchant, who, overlooking 
the fact that the gold production from this source aver- 
aged from eight to ten millions of dollars per annum, aided 
and abetted a movement to close the hydraulic mines. A 
few agitators with an ax to grind raised the cry that the 
debris from the mines threatened navigation by shoaling the 
rivers, and Gold was deposed to make room for the Grain 
King. One little flourishing mining town after another 
died a lingering death, merchants lost the bulk of their 
country trade, and with the exception of the News 
Letter, which unceasingly fought for the resumption of 
work in the mines, not a voice was raised for over ten 
years in sympathy throughout the entire length and 
breadth of the State, the loss to the community before 
the fight was finally won being estimated at over $100,- 
000,000 in gold. At the same time the quartz miner 
suffered in no small degree, an evidence of the pecu- 
liar revulsion which takes place in popular opinion, even 
in a city like San Francisco, which has benefited 
so largely from an industry tabooed and restricted for 
years in every possible manner. And yet one has only to 
wander through the streets to see the monuments of suc- 
cessful mining enterprise on every hand. Magnificent 
buildings and the colossal fortunes of citizens all argue in 
favor of a change in feeling which is now daily growing 
stronger in support of mining enterprise. 

While private investment in mines on what is termed a 
legitimate business basis gradually declined during the per- 
iod under discussion, speculation became rampant upon the 
discovery of the great Comstock lode in Nevada. At one 
time no less than three Stock Exchanges were running 
full blast, the streets surrounding them being packed at 
the same time with curbstone brokers. The volume of 
business transacted daily was phenomenal. Reviewed 
calmly in the lapse of time, the amount of trading and the 
range of daily values seem almost incredible. Companies 
listed had a capital of over $300,000,000, the shares show- 
ing at times a rise or fall in a single day of from ten to 
twenty millions of dollars. The excitement may be said to 
have reached its pitch when the big bonanza was cut in 
Con. Virginia in the latter part of 1874. To say that the 
town went wild would be putting it mildly, and not here 
alone, but all over the world, where the shares were in as 
eager demand. Many millions of dividends were paid by 
this wonderful mine and California, the adjoining property, 
from that day down almost, it may be said, to the present 
day, when consolidated they seem as prolific in ore as 
ever. Crown Point, Savage, Belcher, and Sierra Nevada 
all had their turn in adding fuel to excitement, and pros- 
perity shone upon the city, more so than it has ever done 
before or since. After long intervals of depression the 
Comstock shares every now and then blaze out in some of 
their old-time glory. It is a little faded, no doubt, but 
there are many who still look for a revival of the good old 
times which accompanied the booming market in bonanza 
days, an epoch never to be obliterated in the history of the 
State. While the stock business has been comparatively 
quiet of late, a rival to the Comstock has appeared in the 
Brunswick lode, a mineralized belt of great promise lying 
west of the old bonanzas, and now being opened up with 
much promise for the future. Should the ore development 
recently made in the Chollar ground in this territory open 
up into grand proportions, a revival of the old-time spirit 
of 1874 may be confidently expected. A lively stock mar- 
ket would do more to bring prosperous times to this city 
and State than any other panacea which could be sug- 

The lack of general interest taken in the development of 
California mines by capitalists large and small throughout 
the State, and the evil effeetof the speculative mania which 
prevailed for a time, afforded an opportunity for the pro- 
moter engaged in floating companies abroad. And such 
promoters! It can truthfully be said that had it not been 
for the News Letter, which took the field against the 
thieving rascality at an early stage of its development, 
the losses to investors in London, Paris and the East 
would have been much heavier than they were. Our 
readers among the investing classes in London will re- 

July 1 8, 1896. 


member the May Lundy bubble, which was pricked by thi- 
papcr. ending in the libel suit against the Financial S 
which had copied the I rr.n articles, ami in which 

Mr. Henry Marks eventually came out victorious, the pro- 
moter landing in jail. "Money," and some other promi- 
nent tinancial journals were threatened with the law for 
taking up the light of this paper against the notorious 
which for years struggled to substantiate all 
itements of its promoters in regard to value. 
•ill struggling under an alias, and its shareholders, 
foolish enough to refuse good advice, arc starving if they 
have to depend upon the promised dividends, which are 
still in the future. 

Then there was the Ilex, which spent half a million of 
money in erecting a monument to fools and their folly, in 
the form of a magnificent mill and reduction plant, not 
omitting a palatial residence for the manager. The man- 
sion was burned down the day after it was turned over to 
the company by the contractor, and the mill was carted off 
in sections all over the country to other mines, the owners 
of which benefited by the absolute robbery of another 
batch of victims of the foreign promoter's guile. The 
stamps dropped once on a run of ore. and that was the last 
occasion they were used on the Ilex, an expert discovering 
that the mine was worthless, containing nothing which 
would bay to mill. The Union Gold, alias Rathgeb, alias 
Cordova, was in turn the means of costing English in- 
vestors 1600,000. Beguiled by misleading statements in a 
prospectus, this worthless wild-cat, refused recognition on 
the Pacific Coast, blossomed out in London as a bonanza. 
The News Letter did all in its power to save the many 
at the time, but only succeeded in pulling a few out of the 
vortex which swept their more credulous associates to 
ruin and destruction. This impudent scheme has been 
King dormant for some time, with the chance that it may 
lift its hydra-head again under the protection of a new 
combination, acting possibly under the impression that the 
fools are not all dead yet. 

Twenty other minor conspiracies against the purse of 
the Eastern and European investor were nipped in the 
bud and rendered innocuous. The old Garfield mine, which 
its promoters will admit was floated on the strength of a 
favorable criticism in the News Letter, fulfilled all that 
was predicted for it, disbursing considerable money in the 
form of dividends among its shareholders. The fact that 
during the past fifteen years this paper has not laid itself 
open to a charge of error in its comment upon invest- 
ments offering abroad has had one good effect of placing it 
in a position to maintain the confidence of foreign financial 
operators. This has served aud will serve in the future to 
enable it to check or in any event to ameliorate the malign 
influences of the unprincipled class of promoters, who 
could not be honest in act or intent to save their lives. 
That there are some honorable men in the profession must 
be admitted, and they alone are in a position to enter the 
markets abroad with the slightest chance in pushing an 
investment proposition to a successful issue. The State is 
only recovering, and very slowly at that, from the injury 
to its reputation in the mining line inflicted by the unscru- 
pulous promotions of such wild-cat schemes as those men- 
tioned above. For its part, the News Letter promises to 
do its best in the future to keep these tricksters in the 
background, where they are now pretty well cornered 
through its efforts in the past. 

River mining ou a gigantic scale has also signalized the 
advancement of modern methods in mining. Three enter- 
prises of this character have been promoted within the 
past ten years. The Big Bend tunnel, on the Feather 
river, and the Horseshoe, in the Middle Fork of the Amer- 
ican promoted by Eastern capital, were not successful, 
owing to the incompetence of the management, as much as 
anything else. The Golden Gate Company, working in the 
North Fork of the Feather, the most important of the 
operations, is still working with every prospect of success. 
This enterprise, suggested and carried out by Major 
Frank McLaughlin, with the assistance of English capital, 
possesses a magnitude of detail which must be seen to be 
appreciated. No matter what biased critics may say, it is 
an engineering feat second to none on this continent. That 
the works have not proved more remunerative up to date, 
is due to the immense natural difficulties which had to be 
overcome, and the continual conflict with the elements. 

Lifting .1 river like the Foatber out of its am lent bed, and 
carrying it for miles tlfty feet or more through the air la 

an undertaking not to !»• carried out in a day. 

Ttic rcient decline of sih en values lias been the cause of 
much loss to this city, owing to the close ilown of tin 

mining rami a dependent lor support upon the operation of 
this class of properly. Notably among the sufferers by 

the dcprei in lion in price rif the white metal is Candelaria, 
where the Holmes Mine is located. This property, to- 
gether with all the other mines of value in the district, is 
now owned bv a London company, under the management 
of Colonel William .1. Sutherland. With thousands of tons 
of low grade ore in its stopes ready for extraction, this 
famous property, which has paid out millions in dividends, 
has been idle for years. An arrangement recently made 
to work these ores at a profit promises to revive business 
in this cain]i at an early date, the process being another 
modern advancement in the science of ore reduction. 

The prospects at present are bright for gold mining all 
over California -brighter than ever before, it might be 
safely said. New ideas are constantly being introduced 
in the methods of reducing ores in the interest of economy, 
while the mines themselves are being conducted upon a 
more honest and common-sense basis. Mining has at last 
been recognized by the community at large as a legitimate 
iudustry, which is a subject for universal congratulation. 

John Finlay. 







ist or THE S T C K U L D e a s 



Slate 1 

RALSTON. Cashier 

•psndiBU Id London, DA-IK O 

The undersigned Rive m.liie (lmt tin: above nmned corporation ha* been organized for the purpose of carrying on 
iho Binding and Exchange, in all ils brandies, in this City and with th... interior of Iliiu Stale, the neighboring 
ml Tmiliirii'H, ami with M,.m, .,; al«.i iviih thu Atlantic Cities, Europe, China, and the Emit Indies; for which Ihoy 
I'idwJ Willi nniplc facilities, mid in caiiformily with articles or association will commence operation! on the 5th day 
r«-U, nt the Banking House now occupied by Uunuhoc, Ralston & Co., corner of Washington and Battery streotfl. 
IVitli tho view of giving to die Inmiin'MH of (Im corporation nil thu efficiency and promptitude of a private banking 
villi that confidential seclusion of private business matters so generally desired, the immediate manage- 
rely to D ; 0. Mills and Win. C. Kalston. as President and Cannier respectively, to 
Tho regular meetings of the Board 

or Trustee! will tukc ulnc 

The undesigned div 

milted oxcli . 

he customers of (he Hank will apply in all business 
■i deem it advisable to cull particular 

to tin- following peculiarities of their organization, 

fly binding 01 

Fir/it: Sales uf iln Capital Slock can be effected only after duo appraisement by Stockholder selected for that 
special purpose; and the Trustees of the corporation have, in nil cases, (he right to become purchasers of llio Stock ap- 
praised at the appraisement, for the benefit of the remaining Stockholders, This restriction is printed upon each Certifi- 
cate uf Slock. 

Second: Loans cannot he made to Stockholder!!, except upon collaterals other than their shares in the Capital Stock 
of this Dunk. 


W, C. II ALSTON, O, K. Rims, MM. MORR19. TIIOS. UELL. J Trams. 

JAS. WillTKLTT, J*., J. B. TIIOMaS, JNO. 0. EAHL. I 

Si* Fs.HriK-o. Juo-Jfllb, IBM. 

The first announcement of the Bank of California was 
made in the form of a half-page advertisement which ap- 
peared in the News Letter in 1864. This interesting ad- 
vertisement is herewith reproduced in miniature, and will 
awaken many memories in the hearts of our old-timers. In 
the history of the development of San Francisco and the 
Golden State, no single agency stands further to the front 
in the attainment of strength, influence and popularity 
than the Bank of California. With its proud name are 
linked the names of California's greatest pioneers, and in 
its record is woven the story of some of California's great- 
est achievements. Its strength has appeared to the 
greatest advantage when other banks, the country over, 
have trembled on the storms of financial panic. At such 
precarious periods its assistance in maintaining the credit 
of the State is beyond estimate of value. The credit is 
due to the excellence of the previous and present manage- 
ments that to-day the Bank of California is one of the 
famous sound institutions of the world. 

It is your own fault it you become dyspeptic. Good food and 
good cooking will keep your stomach in good condition and will en- 
able you to enjoy life until Death grabs hold of you by the hair. The 
best table d'hote dinner in this city can be had at Swain's Bakery, 
213 Sutter Street, between the hours of 5 and 8 p. M., for the moder- 
ate figure of SI 00. Ladies especially will appreciate this innovation 
as, needless to say, everything is of the very best and they will re- 
ceive the most courteous attention. 


July 18, 1896. 

IT was easy to perceive at a glance that domestic cares 
weighed heavily on her. Servants were so frightfully 
stupid that they were absolutely exasperating. They had 
driven her almost to desperation by putting two lumps of 
sugar in her coffee when she had told them repeatedly that 
she wanted three, and by calling her at 10:15 instead of 
10:30 in the morning, and then laying it to the clock, which 
she knew they must have tampered with. 

In sheer desperation she took her four-year-old boy, and 
his nurse, and fled to the Park. She was sitting on a 
bench in the shade of a cypress tree, so deeply engrossed 
in one of Zola's novels that she did not hear her bny crying 
petulantly, so he discreetly raised his voice to a scream. 

"Oh, Mary, why do you tease that hoy?" asked the care- 
worn mother, without raising her eyes. 

"Sure, mum, I'm not teasing him." 

The boy resumed his attempts to pick a bumble bee off 
a holly hock, and the nurse tried to dissuade him. 

"Want a p'itty fly," he screamed. 

"Give him what he wants, Mary. Don't tease him," 
ordered the thoughtful mother, without glancing from the 

A moment later there was another wild scream from the 

Mary, why don't you give him what he wants?" 

"Sure, mum," said the slavey, "he's got it." 

* # * 

Henry C. Gesford, the popular President of the 
Native Sons of the Golden West, and State Senator 
for the Seventh Senatorial District, is one of the most 
prominent men we can boast of to-day. Mr. Gesford is a 
successful lawyer, aud is associated with Assemblyman H. 
G. W. Dinkelspiel, also a prominent Native Son. This 
great organization has profited much by the untiring 
energy of its Grand President, who has its interests at 
heart, and has made a friend of every Native Son by prov- 
ing it. Mr. Gesford's office is in the Chronicle Building, 
and he is a resident of San Francisco, preferring the windy 
city to either of the charming cities across the bay. He 
served for two terms in the State Senate, and made a 
good record for himself by his opposition to all forms of 
corruption. He was also District Attorney for Napa 
County one term, and his work while occupying that oner- 
ous position merely added to his laurels. He was, more- 
over, appointed Insurance Commissioner by Governor 
Budd, and enjoys the respect and confidence of the people 
of the State. 

* * * 

Peter F. Dunne, one of the leading young lawyers of this 
city, is known to be one of the most brilliant orators we 
possess. His gifts and his staunch integrity and love of 
principle have caused him to go to the front as a Democratic 
leader, and a very successful career is predicted for him. 
It will be a good thing for the State when more men of his 
calibre interest themselves in politics. 

* * * 

E. P. Colgan, State Controller and a member of the 
State Board of Equalization, is one of the best known men 
in this State, and has a remarkable head for figures. His 
record proves him to be a thoroughly efficient official, and 
entitles him to re-election when his term of office expires. 

* * * 

Mr. W. S. Wood, a member of the firm of Lloyd and 
Wood, is another lawyer with more than a good outlook 
for a great future before him. The San Francisco Bar 
contains more men of exceptional ability than are to be 
found in law circles in any other city. Mr. Wood is a 
good pleader, and enjoys the respect of all his fellow law- 
yers. " 

NO one has yet tried to convince the workingman that 
his silver dollar, under free coinage, would buy him 
more than it does now. But the campaign has scarcely 
opened, and the liars have not yet warmed to their work. 


EUGENE N. DEUPREY, one of our leading lawyers, 
was born in New Orleans in 1849 and shortly after- 
ward' came to California. He graduated from the Uni- 

Eugene Deuprey. 

versify of California in May 1868 and was admitted to the 
practice of law in 1870. He has been actively engaged in 
his profession ever since and has been interested in some 
of the largest legal fights of this Coast. For instance, he 
worked on the Tiffany will contest, the Hunter Estate and 
the Kennedy Estate cases, besides others involving the Com- 
mercial Hotel and the Crocker Building. Mr. Deuprey 
was counsel for the people in the celebrated case against 
Dr. Milton Bowers and brought about the conviction of 
that individual, gaining much popularity thereby. He was 
also attorney for the people in the case against murderer 
Goldenson and therein also added to his laurels. In the 
case of the People vs. Durrant, Mr. Deuprey, although 
suffering severely from an acute illness at the time, ably 
defended his client. Mr. Deuprey is a member of some of 
the largest Masonic organizations in the country, having 
served terms as a high officer in several of them. He was 
a delegate to the Democratic State convention and has al- 
so attended several municipal conventions, having served 
as Chairman of the last one held in this city. A short 
while ago Mr. Deuprey moved from his old quarters to 
more capacious offices in the Parrott Building, fifth floor. 



PaGltlG Surety Company, 

Opposite Bank of California. 

Paid-Up Capital 

Surplus • . 
Wallace EVERSON, 

S. F. 



John Bbeminqham, 

A. P. Reddino, 

DIRECTORS— Geo. C. Perkins, John Bermingham, Al- 
bert Miller, Jas. Moffitt, Wm. Clift, H. S. Crocker, J. L. 
Moody, H. L. Davis, Wallace Elverson, A. P. Redding. 
F. P. Deerinq, Counsel. 







O o 

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a: ? 

IL | 


LU .5 

O o 

Q- »- 

40<h Ann .flfijrj SjTSer 

S. P. New. Letter. July 18, 1896. 

PROBATU Mi : EST IlIFrom original painting by MargaretePfeifer. Munich. 

From Christmas Number 1886. 


July 18, 1896. 


A Growl All positions in life are said to be attended 
From with features more or less disagreeable. 

The Editor. The editor's chair is probably the most un- 
easy seat that was ever manufactured for 
the use of mortal man. But, of all the trials with which 
he is afflicted, perhaps the greatest is that, whilst he is 
himself inclined naturally, by his education and instincts, 
to tread an elevated plane of conduct, and strives to pre- 
serve a clear judgment as to what is right, true, and noble 
in the world, he is brought into contact with more of its 
shams than any other man. To him come, day after day, 
all the weaknesses of the world, all the vanities that want 
to get puffed, all the revenges that want to be wreaked, 
all the mistakes that want to be corrected, all the dull 
speakers who want to be thought eloquent, all the brokers 
who buy for their customers at the highest price of the 
day, and sell at the lowest, and yet want to be written of 
as honest men; all the adulterators of food, who yet talk 
to him as if there were no such command as "Thou shalt 
commit no adulteration"; all the truckling legislators who 
are daily breaking their pledges and proving themselves 
recreant to the sacred trust reposed in them, and yet have 
the effrontery to seek editorial salve for their violated con- 
sciences; all the death-dealing quacks, who think that 
every editor is either a Pickering or a Fitch; all the 
wealthy rascals who "starve out " wives, abandon children, 
and revel in lust, and want him to still the voice of indig- 
nant and outraged society, when they themselves supplied 
it with its tongue; all those parsons who, in their pulpits, 
speak of him as a graceless sinner, almost beyond redemp- 
tion, yet they want a favor able notice of their latest, and, 
perhaps, their dullest sermon; all the bilks who hang on 
by their eyebrows to the outer edge of journalism, and are 
everlastingly in want of "four bits"; all the played-out. 
actors who, having failed everywhere else, are intent upon 
fooling him, in order that he may fool his readers, into the 
belief that crowned heads have done them homage, whilst 
the populace idolized them; all the meanness that wants to 
get its wares noticed gratis in the editorial column, in 
order to save the tax in the advertising columns; all the 
men who want to be set right, who were never right; all 
the crack-brained philosophers with stories as long as 
their hair, and as gloomy as their finger-nails, in mourning 
because bereft of soap; all the bores who come to stay five 
minutes, but attempt to talk five hours, without having 
anything to say. By the Editor is seen, day after clay, all 
the follies and shams of the world, until the wonder is, not 
that he believes in so few things, but that he has any faith 
left for God, man or woman. — February 2nd, 1878. 

Is It While here, in San Francisco, " The Knacker's 
Murder? Institute," alias "The Medical Department of 
the University of the Pacific," is, after a few 
weeks' "study," turning out a set of vicious, broken-down, 
drunken clowns as " Doctors," we find that in England it 
is being had in contemplation to extend the period of med- 
ical education. The editor of the Lancet observes: " It is 
not unreasonable to suppose that, as medical education re- 
quired three years long ago, it should require six years 
now. This is an extension of time not out of proportion to 
the additional work to be done, or to the additional means 
of a wealthy community, and it would have the good effect 
of keeping out of the profession men who, by reason of the 
scantiness of their leisure or their means, can m ver h more 
than half -educated i to the discredit of the profession and the 
disadvantagi of the public. The Medical Profession in San 
Francisco is in a lower state than in any place we were 
ever in, and is daily becoming worse and worse. To be 
called " Doctor " is to-day almost as disreputable as to be 
called " Professor." We have it on the very best author- 
ity that there are from eight to ten persons murdered 
weekly, in regard to whose death not one remark is made. 
We do not refer to "difficulties," or to what our brilliant 
Coroner is wont to term an "over-dose" of arsenic or 
strychnine, " administered " by his own or some other per- 
son's hand; such cases are notorious, and create no sur- 
prise whatever. " Dead men tell no tales," have, for the 
most part, "no friends," and are pretty quickly popped 
into a hole, and "there's an end of it." Any unconscien- 

tious scoundrel can practice medicine and surgery, and 
can be dubbed "Doctor" for a few dollars, any day he, or 
she, or it likes — either on the spot or by " sending the 
money East " — and the ignorant and unsuspecting persons 
who employ them are cruelly sacrificed. At the best, there 
are only a few really educated physicians in San Francisco; 
a table-cloth would cover them if standing shoulder to 
shoulder, and it is, therefore, not surprising that all kinds 
of impostors thrive — seeing that the " Doctors " dejure are 
not doctors de facto, but just as vulgar and ignorant a pack 
of make-believes as the devil could desire to look on. — 
April 30, 1864. 

The Greater the For the truly great and good the 
Truth, the shafts of satire can have no terrors, 

Greater the Libel, since it is only Truth that can give 
those shafts an envenomed point. In 
order to be wounded we must be vulnerable. Even the 
most reckless and unscrupulous satirist recoils instinct- 
ively before the calm strength that inheres in every noble 
and genuine character. He forbears the meditated blow 
from a sense of its impotence, if from no higher motive; for 
he has an instinct for his appropriate prey no less unerr- 
ing than that which guides the prowling wolf, or the hun- 
gry vulture. No moral or intellectual eminence is so great 
as to shield its possessor against coarse invective or vul- 
gar abuse. But the finer edge of satire is blunted when it 
encounters the armor that mails every honest and loyal 
heart. Satire does not misrepresent men; it exhibits them 
as they really are, stripped of the poor disguises in which 
vanity and pretense are wont to wrap themselves when 
they would pass for what they are not. He who is intrin- 
sically above satire need not dread it; the man who winces 
and writhes beneath the stroke, proves thereby that it has 
been justly aimed. Even the coarsest ridicule must have a 
foundation in truth in order to be effective. The epigram 
which is wholly unjust is also pointless and inoffensive. 
There is a sense in which the legal maxim, "The greater 
the truth, the greater the libel," is literally true; for noth- 
ing is so bitter and intolerable to the hypocrite and the 
charlatan as the Naked Truth. Lie about him, and he 
will smile in the security of conscious innocence. But the 
Truth stings like the bastinado, and causes him to rave 
like a maniac. — February (i, 1864. 

Sic Donee. The proprietor of this paper has been ar- 
rested just eleven times this week on charges 
of libel preferred by the eminently just, honest and 
virtuous individual whose full merits an injunction at pre- 
sent prevents a better referrence to. The amount of bail 
necessarily filed by us has aggregated the amount usually 
stolen by the average modern defaulter, though we still 
have a few more sureties in reserve. The constant pres- 
ence of the members of the police force about the News 
Letter establishment cannot but result in the intellectual 
elevation of that body. Hereafter, bail bonds in blank 
will be kept on hand at this office, and the next Legisla- 
ture will be petitioned for permission to establish a little 
Court of our own in the back room. The contributors can 
act as jury during off hours, the proprietor can arrest 
himself in moments of leisure, and periodically take the 
oath at Gibbs', next door, where they put sugar in it. In 
this way much justice can be dealt out to our widely 
known but "scurrilous" sheet, without seriously interrupt- 
ing the compilation of our slanders of the good and great, 
besides occasionally enabling us to do a little job work for 
the regular Courts when pressed. The generous patron- 
age of beats, murderers, defaulters and the trade gener- 
ally earnestly requested. Our fighting editor desires a 
vacation, and our new Refrigerator Hearse is, just now, 
being repainted for a future occasion of unusual interest, 
—September 30, 1876. 

Our Position We are again called upon to define our 
and position upon the political issues of the day. 

Politics. Our readers expect us to indicate for whom 
they are to vote. The success which at- 
tended our effort at the last Municipal Election admon- 
ishes us not to let this opportunity pass of putting in our 

July iR, 1896. 



irr our pr 
nion am) I It mak- 

what may it ion of any 

.n) in hit profes- 
sions He in ■•• •': ■ to tight his country's 

He must 
from tlio 1 
of an . ■ t>e willing to shed U 

1. ami to spend the 

jh this Infamous rebellion, 
extending I per every inch of our 

al domain — driving the French out of Mexico, ex 
ish from Canada, anil of declaring war 
- and the Sandwii 
- th Carolina I harleston • 

rhed with columbiads, planted with Baltpetrp, bowd 
gunpowder, and made into a negro colony, Our leg- 
dollars to Union Leaj 
to be used in preventing an insurrection in this Stair. 
Oath- -i.ould be protwunded to every 

trade and profession. After this legislation has been had, 
let all hands turn in and plunder the State. A toll-gate in 
Montgomery atre< t- -the exclusive navigation of thi 
ramento — a false light for wrecking at Half Moon Bay- 
fifty dollars per month to our brave volunteers, as extra 
compensation for their dangerous service — one million dol- 
lars should be voted for defence of our harbor. This is a 
glorious time for loyal thieves. Only put on the cloak of 
loyalty, and it makes no difference what may be the char- 
acter of incumbents for either integrity or intelligence. — 
August 22, 

Capital The Constitutional Convention now in session 
And Labor, represents the extreme view of Capital and 
the extreme view of Labor. The extremes 
have met. That they will be the better for the meeting 
we are well persuaded. There will be an end to the con- 
flict when it is understood how much the one depends upon 
the other. Capital is at its wit's end to pay the taxes and 
to keep the store and factory running. Show us any point 
in the last fifty years where Capital was getting large 
accumulation, and we will show you the point at which 
Labor was getting large wages. Show us a point at any 
time in the last fifty years where Labor was getting large 
wages and we will show you the point where Capital was 
getting large profits. Until the crack of doom there will 
be no relief for the working-classes until there is a better 
understanding between Labor and Capital, and the war 
ends. Every speech that Capital makes against Labor is 
an adjournment of our national prosperity. Every speech 
that Labor makes against Capital is an adjournment 
of our national prosperity. The Pennsylvania miners, 
supposing that their interests are different, from the inter- 
ests of those who own the mines, keep themselves poor, 
from generation to generation, by frequent strikes. All 
the strikes, like that of the railroad strike of summer be- 
fore last, put back Capital and put back Labor. When 
the Capital of the country maligns Labor it is the eye 
cursing the hand. When Labor curses Capital it is the 
hand maligning the eye. If the capitalists of the country, 
so far as we know them, would draw their gloves, you 
would see the broken finger-nail, the scar of an old blister, 
here and there a stiffened finger-joint. Capitalists have 
worked their way up. They have accumulated money, and 
cannot invest it, or employ it in any manner, whether in 
building, railroads or erecting manufactories, without bene- 
fiting the laborer. Capital is the handmaid of Labor, and 
their interests are identical. — October 12, 1878. 

Bigamy No social relation is more universally es- 
ln California, tablished than matrimony, resting, as it 
does, on the fundamental principles of our 
being, and giving rise to the primary element of all social 
order and civilization, the domestic connections. Lessen 
its sanctity, hold out inducements for tearing asunder its 
bonds, or treat lightly the crime of bigamy or polygamy, 
and a fatal blow is aimed at the very foundations of mor- 
ality. To Christianity we are indebted for the elevating 
institutions of the family, and to Christianity we are like- 
wise indebted for the abolition of polygamy. It is an un- 
deniable proposition, that the State should surround the 

.ml and wife with all possible safeguards. 
Dlvon e should no1 be made easy, nor bigamy treated u 
oogn se than petit larceny. Yet, Btrai 

say, in tiit— Christian commonwealth of California these 

by legislative enact at li Is unnecessary to 

about our divorce laws. The temple of Aphi 

DOt be paralleled on the Pacific, but the laws are BO 

obstacle to the practice of its abominations. Will our 

• milled in Sacramento, look al the penalty 

for bigamy? In no Christian stat 1 the fare 

earth, save California, Is bigamy treated other than as a 

Here it is a misdemeanor. The man tired of his 

partner may marry, while Bhe lives, and enveigle another 

woman into misery and disgrace. Such an offense should 
alt with severity, and the law-makers of Europe and 
America, knowing its atrocity, have provided the hulks 
ami the penitentiary as the penalty, They are right. 
How long is i lalifornia to continue in its present unenviable 
position?- February 20, i860. 

Hang Them Sheriff Hopkins, of this city and county, 
Privately. has announced that hereafter all execu- 
tions which take place during his term of 
office will be conducted privately. That is to say, no one 
will be admitted except twelve citizens, the reporters of 
the daily press, and necessary public officials. This is an 
admirable resolution, and it is to be hoped that the Sheriff 
will adhere to it, and that all his successors will follow in 
his footsteps. The fact of the matter is, there should be a 
general law providing for the privacy of executions. 
Public executions are a relic of barbarism. In England 
they have long since been abolished by law. The necessity 
of putting criminals who have shed the blood of their fellow 
men to death is a stern one. It is a step which the safety 
of society demands, yet it is one from which every refined 
instinct of human nature will shrink from witnessing, and 
every brutal, morbid, depraved instinct will struggle to 
get a glimpse of. These brutal, morbid and depraved in- 
stincts should not be pampered or pandered to. People 
who cannot find anything better to do than to gloat over 
the taking of the life of a fellow-being, should be sent to 
jail as vagrants. Bull-baiting, cock-fighting, etc., are bad 
enough, but when it comes to making a public entertain- 
ment of a man's dying moments, a peg or two beyond the 
limit has been reached. The scenes which attended the 
execution of Le Roy, recently, and the conduct of the 
spectators on that occasion, were indecent to an intoler- 
able degree, and it is to be hoped that they will never 
occur again. — February 21, 1885. 

Extension of The new extension of Montgomery 

Montgomery Street, street is progressing rapidly. 
Nearly all of the frame buildings 
from Market to Mission have been removed. The removal 
of those occupying the line of the street between Mission 
and Howard will soon be made. Very extensive prepara- 
tions are in progress for the erection of substantial and 
ornamental buildings upon the new street. It will be 
seventy feet wide, and will in every respect surpass the 
old street. The old extension project ■ is comfortably 
stowed away upon the shelf on which are kept the things 
that might have been. It will not be disturbed in a hurry. 
We were in favor of the old project until the newer and 
better one appeared, and for reasons already given we 
supported it. We do not say that our support had any- 
thing to do with the unqualified success which has attended 
the new extension project; but our discriminating friends 
will talk.— March 27, 1869. 

Notice to the We give fair notice to the tyrants, and 
Despots. despots, and aristocrats of the down- 
trodden nations of Europe, and to all 
Kings, Kaisers, Emperors, Czars, Princes, and the rest of 
them, that we shall soon have an army of three-quarters 
of a million of men disengaged, and a fleet of iron-clad ves- 
sels that can whip the navies of the world. We shall then 
upset all the rotten monarchies and aristocracies of Eu- 
rope, give Prance and England particular fits, establish 
republican government throughout the earth, enforce the 
Monroe Doctrine to the extremest limit of the solar system, 
and fix up all creation according to Yankee notions. — 
December 24. 1864. 

?. m 








■° 9^H 



July 18, 1896. 


The Elephant Keeper's Story. 


I LOITERED where a curious crowd 
Thronged in an open square 
To see an auction held of things 

That were both old and rare. 
It was a traveling showman's stock 

That made ihe people stare. 
There were horses gray and ponies brown, 

And birds of every kin, 
And lions rieice, and polar bears, 

And serpents long and thin ; 
An elephant was up for sale 

Amid the noisy din. 

Gravely above the gaping crowd 

The huge beast palient stood. 
Yet gazed, methought, with anxious eye 

Beyond the rabble rude, 
To where an old man sat apart 

In fixed and mournful mood. 

" And why so sorrowful, old man ? " 

I asked. He raised his head. 
His eyes were full of that dumb grief 

On faces that are dead. 
" They're selling off old Bet from me," 

In husky voice he said. 

" And do you care so much ? '' A tear 

Upon the rough cheek fell, 
" Stranger, sit down beside me here. 

And, if you like, I'll tell 
Why that old beast to me is dear, 

And why I love her well. 

'Tis nigh twelve years since Bet and I 

First started on the road, 
And never once, in all that time, 

I've touched a whip or goad; 
She is the kindest, quickest thing 

That ever bore a load. 

She'd catch a trick, and do it, too, 

Before you'd time to wink. 
And every word I'd speak she'd know, 

And, 'times, I'd almost think 
She'd find, at last, a way to talk, 

And be that ' ruissin' link.' 

Always the same old patient girl, 

Though little hay she'd get 
Sometimes, when biz was very bad, 

And roads were rough, and yet 
She was the gentlest of we three, 

Me, Jitnmie, and old Bet. 

Jim was my little one, you see, 

The brightest, pertest boy 
That ever came from heaven on earth 

To be a father's joy. 
His mother died when he was born, 

And Bet, awhile, was coy 

And jealous, too, until at length 

She somehow seemed to find 
That Jimmy had no mother left, 

And so— she changed her mind, 
And 'dopted him herself, and proved 

As any mother kind. 

We brought him up by hand, we two, 

You needn't smile, 'tis true, 
There's not a nurse in all the land 

That could old Bet outdo; 
She'd make a cradle of her trunk, 

And shake his rattle, too. 

And, when the nights were cold and sharp 

The rain came driving in, 
Beneath her big warm side he'd lay 

And laugh at blankets thin. 
No fear that Bet would doze away 

And crush that baby in. 

Ah 1 well, one day (the rich don't know 

What poor folks have to do) 
I was training Jimmy for the ring, 

When, as he vaulted through 

A paper hoop, he missed and fell, 

All white, and senseless, too. 

His spine was hurt, and two long years 

We nursed my crippled child, 
Yet even when he suffered most 

He patient was, and mild. 
A hundred times he dried my tears 

And coaxed me till I smiled. 

We never left him, Bet and I, 

But steady day by day 
She'd soltly swing him off to sleep, 

Or fan his pain away ; 
And every cake or nut she*d get, 

On Jimmy's bed she'd lay. 

But that's not all— one stormy night, 

Jufct as we pitched the tent, 
The lightning struck a tiger's cage, 

And out the mad beast went. 
Then suddenly there came a scream 

For help, that Jimmie sent. 
We heard the tiger snarl just where 

The tiny bed did lie, 
The keepers jerked their pistols out 

And rushed towards the cry. 
Quick as they were, old Bet was first; 

She flung the baby high ! 

And, as upon her great black head 

He clung, all white and tlat, 
With lifted trunk and leveled tusks 

Old Betsy faced the cat. 
I gave her double hay that night, 

Who wouldn't— after that? 

At last Jim died, and when in peace 

The little angel lay, 
The very clowns had tears to shed, 

And one knelt down to pray. 
Although our boss was ruugh and hard, 

We didu'c show that day. 

And as around the coffin tniall 

Gathered our little band, 
Old Betsy took it up herself 

E'er we could stretch a hand. 
And, when we left the grave, looked back, 

And seemed to understand. 

Then only we were left. That seemed 

But closer still to tether 
Old Bet and me, and sadly since, 

In fair or stormy weather, 
Upon the road or in the ring, 

We've mourned our dead together. 

They say beasts have no souls— no heaven 

When they are dead— I know 
If there's a place where fa'tbful love 

Has got the smallest show, 
They 11 let Bei in, or else it's not 

The place I want to go. 

I haven't many years to live, 

And Betsy's growing old; 
They might have let us rough it through—" 

Just then his face grew culd— 
For as he spake tbe hammer fell, 

And poor old Bet was sold. 
January 5th, 1878. Frank H. Gassaway. 


DAY of Satan's painful duty ! 
Earth shall vanish , hot and sooty ; 
So says Virtue, so says Beauty. 

Ah ! what terror shall be shaping 
When the Judge the truth's undraping 
Cats from ev'ry bag escaping! 

Now the trumpet's invocation 
Calls the dead to condemnation; 
All receive an invitation. 

Death and Nature now are quaking, 

And the late lamented, waking, 

In their breezy shrouds are shaking. 

Lo! the Ledger's leaves are stirring, 
And the Clerk, to them referring, 
Makes it awkward for the erring. 
When the Judge appears in session, 
We shall all attend confession, 
Loudly preaching non-suppression. 

How shall I then make romances 

Mitigating circumstances? 

E"en the jutt must take their chances. 

Kiog whose majesty amaze?, 

Save thou him who sings thy praises ; 

Fountain, queixh my private blazes. 

Pray remember, sacred Savior, 
Mine the plajful band that gave your 
Death-blow. Pardon such behavior. 

Seeking me fatigue assailed thee., 
Calv'ry'a outlook naught availed thee; 
Now 'twere cruel if 1 failed thee. 

K'ghteous Judge and learned brother, 
Pray thy prejudices smother 
E'er we meet to try each other. 

Sighs of guilt my conscience gushes, 
And my face vermilion flushes ; 
Spare me for my pretty blushes. 

Thief and harlot, when repenting, 
Tbou forgavest— complimenting 
Me with sign of like relenting. 

If too bold is my petition, 

I'll receive with due submission 

My dismissal— from perdition. 

When thy sheep thou hast selected 
From the goats, may I, respected, 
.Stand amongst them undetected. 

When offenders are indicted, 
And with trial-tianies ignited, 
Elsewhere I'll attend if cited. 

Ashen-hearted, prone, and prayerful, 
When of death I see the air full, 
Lest I perish, too, be careful. 
On that day of lamentation, 
When t'enjoy the conflagration, 
Men come forth, 0. be not cruel, 
Spare me, Lord— make iberu thy fuel! 
June 24 1876. A. G. Bierck. 


'''TWAS Christmas Eve— they sat apart— 
1 Nor breathed the story old ; 
For he was poor and faint of heart, 

And she had store of gold. 
And so, iu spite of glances fleet, 

And soft, assuring sighs, 
He dared not ass the question sweet, 

That falti red in his eyes, 

"You 11 hang your stocking up to-night?" 
At last she said, " Ah, no, 
Kriss Kringle is a niggard quite 
To me." " Then— ere you go 
Take one of mine," she blushed, " for this 
May change your luck, you know." 
" At least 'twill bring me dreams of bliss." 
He murmured; '■ Be it so." 

And long within his lonely room 

He watched the silken thing 
Float near the fire, 'till in the gloom 

Its owner seemed to spring 
From out its clasp, as lilies grow 

Above their clinging leaves, 
And through his pipe clouds softly slow 

His soul's enslaver breathes. 

At last the morning came. His face 

With sudden rapture thrilled, 
For there, O! miracle of grace! 

The hose hung snugly filled. 
He saw the idol of his dreams 

Perched on tbe mantel shelf. 
" Knss Kringle found your sock, it seems, 

And tilled it with— myself!" 

Frakk H. Gassaway. 
December 25, 1889. 

July iS, 1S96. 




AT the bar. at the bar. 
Al trie bar thundered. 
Thundered with fierce*! din. 
Topers one hundred. 

There stood lhe*e thirsty men. 

Thirsty one hundred ; 
1 'a!. in>: (or drinks in vain— 

The barkeeper slumbered. 
Hark ! there's a sound from one 
List how the CUTWfl come 
From each and every one 
Of that dry one hundred. 

Into the bar they pitched, 

Noble old topers; 
For np comes an order which 

Pleased tbe old soakers— 
"Forward tbe Tight Brigade! 
Take the bar!'' Muggins said. 
Into it undismayed. 
Pitched now each drunken blade — 
Pitched the one hundred. 

"Forward the Tight Brigade!" 

Gods ! what a charge they made 

No man was there afraid, 
No person blundered. 

Theirs, but to drink their till ; 

Theirs, but to have a swill ; 

Theirs, not to pay the bill; 

Ah ! yes. they know it well- 
Knowing one hundred ! 

Bottles to right of then, 
Bottles to left of them. 

Buttle* in front of them. 

I.«heted and numbered ; 
:ney (ought, and well 
There many a hero fell, 
Covered with blood and beer; 
Beer, that they lov d so well— 

Gallant one hundred ! 

: now each nose in air, 
what is under there?— 
Mugs charged with potent beer, 

All the world wondered ! 
Fiercer the revel grows, 
Redder each blazing nose, 
Faster the liquor Mows— 
Under the table goes 
Half of the hundred! 

Bottles to right of them, 
Bottles to left of them. 
Bottles all round them. 

Emptied and sundered ; 
Oat from that dreadful room, 
Out from that dark saloon, 
Comes forth a beery fume, 
Comes forth a dismal moan- 
But none of the hundred. 

"When they awoke again, 

O how their heads did pain — 

No person wondered. 
Houor the Tight Brigade! 
Honor the charge they made — 
Thirsty one hundred. 

— A California Tennyson. 
March 2, 1861. 



A GAMBLER and a rake was he 
Whose days and nights were wild, 
A wan and weary midget she, 
A crippled beggar-child. 

Kectining at his ease be lay, 
When, lispingly. she said: 
" Please give me soraethin', sir; all day 
I hasn't had no bread." 

But he is moody with the fumes 

Of a prolonged debauch ; 
And drink tbe appetite consumes 

Like flax beneath the torch. 

He speaks the truth, then, when he says, 

Turning impatiently: 
" Tve eaten nothing these three days; 

Go, brat, don't pester me!" 
She goes— poor, shivering little one— 

Into the cold, dark night; 
Unheeding her, the man broods on 

In comfort, warmth and light. 

An hour goes by— he feels a touch 

Upon his folded hands; 
There, leaning on her tiny crutch, 

The baby-beggar stands. 
" Please, sir, take this (a copper cent), 

I'se sure that you must be 
(Her eyes were filled with wonderment) 

Much hungrier than me." 

11 Three days ! "Why, I can hardly keep 
Alive a single one! 
No— take it, please, I'se goin' to sleep, 
An' shan't feel hungry then." 

A flush of shame sweeps o'er his cheek, 

Hot tears bedim his eyes, 
His quivering lips refuse to speak, 

Then, kissing her, be cries: 
" Thou tiny minister of grace, 

A woman's heart is thine ; 
Lift up thy blessed little face, 

Let thy lips hallow mine. 

" I'll keep thy copper for thy sake 
Until my dying day, 
And thou, sweet child, my gold must take — 
To-night I shall not play." 
August 2, 1879. 



001 LD we ■'■■ ita unfold. 

And freely Bay All that we feel; 
What n throng of emotions that may not be told 

Would our faltering accents rOTOa] ; 
But feeling-* lie hid in its nethermost caves, 

Too precious, too deep to dta I 
Ukt gemi that far down 'nenth the tremulous waves ■ 
In qatet and beauty repose. 

Some glimpses of what p&SBM within may appear — 

By the treacherous features confest— 
A drop will gush up to the eye in a tear, 

From fountains that weep in the breast; 
And from the soul's sunshine a ray often mounts 

To break on the lips in a smile ; 
But the warmth of that sunshine, the depth of those founts 

Are searchless as springs of the Nile. 

The glittering cavern, though gorgeous and vast — 

Its mouth by rank thickets o'ergrown — 
From tbe stroller who brushes unconsciously past 

Keeps all its bright wonders unknown. 
Even so, at the verge of the mind's mystic cell, 

Some loiterer thoughtlessly treads; 
Nor dreams of the radiant splendors that dwell 

Behind its dark rampart of weeds. 

Full many a word from the lips we love much — 

Though no trace of sensation be shown — 
Strikes a cord in the bosom that thrills to the touch 

With an exquisite sweetness of tone; 
The heart is a harp of such delicate mould 

No mortal can master its strings ; 
Awhile it breathes music impassioned and bold, 

Then, tuneless, discordantly rings. 

The deer that is wounded forsakes the dense herd, 

In secret to suffer and moan, 
And the spirit withdraws, when its sorrows are stirred, 

To bleed o'er the anguish alone; 
Yet Oh, could we find some congenial breast, 

The weight of our sadness to share ; 
What fond consolations, by friendship impressed, 

Must lighten the burthen of care ! 

Alas, must it ever be coun!ed a sin 

Our innermost self to reveal? 
Must the vehement feelings that struggle within 

Apart from all sympathy steal? 
Through calm and through tempest the passion-stream glides 

Unseen and unheard aa it flows ; 
Never flashes our joy from its turbulent tides, 

Nor sound in its surges our woes. 
November 15th, 188L Jos. W. Winaks, 



DAMN him in the body, Damn him in his food, 
Curse him in the soul ; Curse him in his drinks ; 

Damn him by piecemeal, Damn him when he smiles, 
Curse him as a whole ! Curse him when he winks ! 

Damn him in the inside, 

Curse him in the out; 
Damn him all over, 

All around about! 

Damn him at his palms, 

Curse him in the crown ; 
All the Way upwards, 

And all the way down ! 
Damn him in his nostrils, 

Curse him in his lips; 
Damn hiru in his groins, 

Curse him in his hips ! 

Damn him in his teeth, 
Curse him in his chin ; 

Damn hiru in his muscles, 
Curse him in his skin ! 

Damn him in his fingers, 
Curse him in his toes: 

Damn him in his eyebrows, 
Curse him in his nose I 

Damn him in his forehead, 

Curse him in the face; 
Damn him, ay, thrice damn him 

In every other place! 

June 20, 1860. 

Damn him in his prayers, 
Curse him when he sighs ; 

Damn him when he stands up, 
Curse him when he lies ! 

Damn him in his hearing, 

In his sight as well, 
Curte him in his breathing, 

Damn him down to hell ! 

Damn him in his liver, 

Curse him in his lights; 
He prates of freedom 

And of human rights! 

Damn him in his voice, 
Curse him in his speech ; 

Damn him in the doctrine 
That he dares to teach 1 

Damn him in his basket, 

Curse him in his store; 
All the Saints and Angels 

Damn hira everniore! 

I'm modern Saint Peter, 

Follower of the Lamb I ! 
Carajo! Sacre Dieu [ 

Mille tonneres ! Gbdt for dam 1 1 ! 













July 18, 1896. 




^11 K Fourth of July 
hop at the Hot< 
fael was voted an unqualified BUOCeas by beaux and 
alike. Whether the dullness ol the weeks preceding that 
date made the influx of the male sex for the holiday doubly 
welcome and makes the men and boys so warmly received, 
and therefore delighted, at their reception, certain it is they 
were all iu an amiable mood, ready to dame, flirt, or eat 
as occasion called for, and the result proved eminently sat- 
isfactory to all but the dowagers, who did not find an "eligi- 
ble" in the lot! 

* # # 

" Little Willie " made his appearance, and was hailed 
with effusion, and the return of Ed. Greenway was also an 
occasion of rejoicing. The girls wore their prettiest gowns 
(and the light summer attire is infinitely more bewitching 
than heavy stuffs), and even the several grandmas were in 
a beaming mood. 

# * * 

It was amusing, if not instructive, to note the sudden 
friendship for the Ashe family developed by our society 
people when the news first flashed over the wires that 
Harold Sewell was the chosen Vice-President of the Dem- 
ocratic Convention in Chicago. Messenger boys were kept 
busy running up the bill bearing notes of congratulation to 
the family of Harold Sewell's wife (nee Millie Ashe), but, 
when the news arrived that it was old man Sewell, and not 
his son, the enthusiasm cooled down considerably. They 
say 'Potah : is going to make a big fight in the local field 
in aid of this ticket. If so, this energetic young man will 
surely find it a harder race to run than any he has yet en- 
gaged in. 

* * * 

The news of Miss Jennie Catherwood's engagement to 
Dr. Grinnell has been received with mixed feelings by her 
friends. The older girls say, " another girl gone from the 
list," and the younger ones envy the fair Jennie for the 
capture of a man, not a fledgeling. The chances are 
largely iu favor of Coronado suddenly jumping into pop- 
ularity among our anxious mammas, as the conquest was 
made down there, according to rumor. 

* * * 

Distingue Miss Ethel Cohen did not go to the Sandwich 
Islands after all, but, au contrairc, accompanied her sister, 
Mrs. Lansing, on her trip to Lake Tahoe. The Kip sis- 
ters are also dated for that locality, Deer Park Inn being 
the spot chosen by these agreeable young ladies for the 
end of their summer vacation. 

* * * 

Jim Phelan chose the maternal rooftree at Santa Cruz 
for his outing place; and, much to the discomfiture of "she " 
in town, the young lady who is so great a favorite with his 
family was also of the party, for the old adage goes that 
propinquity is a great factor in marriages. However, the 
astute James is not easily won, as many a belle can testify. 

* * * 

By long odds the most graceful, lovely girl at the Hobart- 
Baldwin wedding was Miss May Hoffman, to whom fell the 
ring from the bride's cake. Now that this charming young 
lady is in possession of the legacy left her by the late 
Charles Mayne, our beaux may be able to see what a prize 
she is in every sense. 

* * * 

Our pretty California girls who choose Eastern hus- 
bands always come back to the maternal nest after a 
while. Mrs. Timlow, n(e Eva Carolan, is visiting her fam- 
ily at Menlo Park this summer. 

* * # 

If rumor speaks correctly another engagement is about 
to be declared, this time in army circles, and the gallant 
Captain is said to have settled on " which" at last. 

* * # 

Del Monte is full of life and energy; the soldier boys in 
camps near by add zest to the girls' enjoyment, and each 
day sees fresh arrivals from town. 

"Wouldn't it be too tunny," said a gir! the other dav at 

the Del Monte lunch table, "if Will Whlttler and Lizzie 

1 came bock from Honolulu engaged." Trips on 

ocean Bteamen arc all very well when moonlight nights 

tempt one to pari' the deck or lounge in steamer chain 

under Luna's soft ami sentimental beams. 

* • • 

Tho latest intelligence from Japan is that the esthetic 
widower, Henry P. Howie, of San Mateo, is about to wed 
a moon-eyed maid and settle in the Orient. The latter 
item may be true, but Mr. Howie's numerous friends will 
seriously doubt the former, matrimony being a thing not 

at all in his line, sav those who know him best. 

* * • 

Society people are looking forward to Miss Amy Requa's 
wedding, which, if solemnized according to report, will 
show a brilliant array of gold laec and bright buttons. 
Every one hopes that it will not be a country wedding, but 

will take Dlace in church in the citv. 

* * * 

'Tis said Dick Wallace's bride will act as chaperon to 
her sister-in-law, Miss Romie, in this winter's swim, 
and thus relieve the elder Mrs. Wallace of that onerous 

* # ♦ 

Miss Emma Butler, like Miss Anna Head, refuses to 
satisfy the curiosity of her friends as to the cause of the 
ruptured engagement. 

* * * 

How completely Frank Carolan has merged his identity 
into the Pullman family! 

When you are a victim to that "tired" feeling and feel at outs 
with everyone, the best thing to cure you is a glass of first-class 
whiskey. The Argonaut brand is the best of any in this city and the 
sales, according to E. Martin & Co., the agents, at 411 Market street, 
speak well for its popularity. The leading physicians in the city also 
are unanimous in recommending it to their patients. 

After dinner try Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum. You 
will find it admirable. Indigestion fades before it. 

To Physicians and the Public : 

In Cases of 1 Dozen Bottles. 

Of perfect and reliable purity, unequaled for MEDICINAL and TABLE 

use, and guaranteed by shippers. This wine is Invaluable 

as a restorative for the invalid. 

For sale by all the Leading Dealers and Grocers. 


Sole Agents. 314 Sacramento St. , S. P. 

W. fl. RAMSEY, 

Successor to 


Merchant ^ Tailor 
121 Montgomery Street, 

Opposite Occidental Hotel. 

ft Pretty Woman T ^^™^ . 

Shaw's GlyGenne Lotion 

Is so much in demand 

Appreciates tZ s ™y: 

And at the CAMP, 

3oldat - SHAW'S, 

No. 3 Montgomery Street. 

ft Good Thina 


July i8, 1896. 


EDITOR NEWS LETTER— Sir : Digressing for a mo- 
ment from Mr. Scott's previous articles to refer to 
one in the July Overland: He sets afloat again a misquota- 
tion from Aristotle, which appeared in Henry Cernuschi's 
"Nomisma," published some sixteen or seventeen years 
ago, and which was exposed at the time, particularly so 
by Mr. Louis A. Garnett, of this city, in a monograph on 
Bimetallism, published in 1881. Mr. Scott, in his en- 
deavors to maintain the fallacy that Government can create 
value, misquotes Aristotle as follows: "Money by itself has 
value only by law and not by nature." In support of this 
view he goes on to quote Professor Andrews, of Brown 
University, but Professor Andrews has not yet attained 
to eminence as an economist, and his views cannot be ac- 
cepted as authority. 

Aristotle, in giving an account of barter and the origin 
of money as a medium of exchange, etc., (see an article on 
the Natural Law of Money in the July Overland) in speak- 
ing of the inconvenience of barter arising from the incom- 
mensurability of commodities, etc., said, substantially: 

" For this reason men invented among themselves, by way of ex- 
change, something which they should mutually give and take, and 
■which being really valuable in itself, might easily pass from hand to 
hand," etc. 

Referring in his Ethics to this idea of the inherent value 
of money, he adds: "But with a view to further exchange, 
if we have no present need of it, money is, as it were, our 
security," etc., thus clearly recognizing the value — stor- 
ing function of money when based upon inherent utility 
from which exchangeable value arises. Elsewhere in his 
Politics, in discussing the various theories of money, he says: 

"Men sometimes suppose wealth to consist in the quantity of 
money which any one possesses, as this is the medium with which 
trading and trafficking are concerned. Others, again, regard it as a 
trirle, as having no value by nature, but merely by arbitrary com- 
pact," etc. 

This is the passage which was misquoted by Mr. 
Cernuschi, and those who have followed him, including Mr. 
Scott, by omitting the very important words, "Others 
again regard it," etc. By this omission it has been made 
to appear latterly as Aristotle's own theory of money, 
whereas he was merely stating the various theories of 
others that were current in his days. 

Singularly enough — in view of the revival of this error — 
I have at hand a definition of good money by Mr. Cernuschi. 
He says: 

" The coins which, being melted down, retain the entire value for 
which they were legal tender before being melted down, are good 
money ; those which do not retain it are not good money." 

Mr. Scott can try this test on Mexican silver dollars, 
and according to the political lights of last week's National 
Convention at Chicago, we are to have the opportunity of 
testing upon a large scale the efficacy of Government fiat 
in creating values. Of this delusion and its causes, more 
in my next paper. 

Recurring to the "Hard Times" article of Mr. Scott in 
the May number of the Overland Monthly, on page 572 he 

" The act of 1873, limiting the legal tender function of silver to five 
dollars, tended to diminish prices still further, and has proven a 
canker growing continuously more obstinate." 

A Layman would be glad to hear further from Mr. Scott 
regarding such an act of 1873, of which he has not had 
prior knowledge. The act of 1853 limited the tender of 
subsidiary coin to $5, and the act of 1873 omitted the silver 
dollar from coinage. However, the United States have, 
since that date, acquired approximately 500 millions of 
legal tender silver. And here I submit for Mr. Scott an 
unanswered conundrum by Professor Lexis: 

" How has it been possible that the United States, which, from 
1878 to 1893, issued more silver money or silver-covered notes than 
all the European States taken together had issued in a like period 
previous to 1893, and more than it would have been called upon to 
coin under a system of universal international bimetallism ; how has 
it been possible that the United States, which produces annually 
•$35,000,000 gold and coins in correspondingly large sums, and which, 
moreover, has maintained in circulation 500 millions of paper cur- 
rency — and a superabundance of media of exchange— has suffered 
from a perhaps still greater depression than that assumed to have 
been produced in Europe by gold monometallism, and that the 
prices of commodities of the United States, notwithstanding the 

Chinese-like isolation of its market by a protective tariff wall, have 
shown the same downward movement we find in Europe? Is it not 
plain that the movement of prices which, in two regions with the 
condition of the standard so entirely different, but which manifest 
the same effects and the same course of things, must have other 
causes than the demonetization of silver, which did not really begin 
in the United States until the repeal of the purchasing clause of the 
Sherman Act (November, 1893), but which has left 500 millions of 
credit money in circulation at its full nominal value?" 

Again, if circulating money quantities control the price of 
commodities, why have they fallen in Germany after that 
government received $1,000,000,000 of gold from Prance, 
the greatest sum ever possessed at any one period by all the 
German States combined, and probably a greater sum 
than ever was possessed by any one government at any 
one time? 

Again: after the year 1780 an enormous and long-con- 
tinued rise of prices presents itself. And when they had 
reached their highest, about the years 1809-1815, a still 
more surprising fall of prices commences, reaching its low- 
est point between 1845 and 1849. Between 1809 and 1849, 
prices fell in the ratio of 100 to 41. This was the period 
in which the alleged great International Monetary regu- 
lator, the so-called French Bimetallic Act of 1803, was 
supposed to be at its highest state of efficiency. 

In the Chicago Quarterly Journal of Political Economy 
for March, 1895, is to be found an article on Money and 
Prices by a gifted California woman, Miss Sara McLean 
Hardy, which would be a credit to any of the best econo- 
mists of this country, and it is respectfully commended to 
Mr. Scott with the suggestion that he read, ponder, and 
inwardly digest. 

In this connection the following from Pierre des Essars, 
French economist, just published, is of present interest: 

'' The advocates of free coinage are wont to invoke the theory 
of prices and to enlarge upon a supposed appreciation of gold re- 
sulting from a monetary contraction, which is not to be discovered 
by any examination of the matter made in good faith. 

'' Those who make the fall in prices the basis of their complaints, 
and attribute it to a monetary cause, must accept the burden of 
proving their case, for as yet no relation of cause and effect has been 
established between the alleged scarcity of gold and the decrease in 
prices of commodities. What is incontestible is that industrial 
nations have been, and are, employing all the resources of modern 
science to reduce to the minimum the cost of production, and, as 
fast as an over-supply has closed the outlet for a constantly increas- 
ing capital, the money thus released has sought employment in new 
countries, which, in their turn, have become competitors of the old, 

" The attempt to use depreciated currency as a weapon with which 
to oppose a fall in prices acting like one of the forces of nature every 
where and upon all substances, is simply an attempt to impede the 
evolution of humanity and to place in jeopardy the future of civiliza- 

As a rise in prices is one of the things that the Free Sil- 
ver advocates are clamoring for, let us inquire into that. 
As far as business activity — so called prosperity — is based 
on a greater quantity of production, and that of the right 
article, as far as it is based on the increased rapidity with 
which commodities of every kind reach those who want 
them, its basis is good. But in so far as that activity, or 
so-called prosperity, is based on a general rise of prices, it 
is imaginary, it is bad. A general rise of prices is a rise 
only m name. As a rule, with exceptions, whatever any one 
gains on the article which he has to sell, he loses on what 
he has to buy, and so he is just where he was. To the 
country, as a whole, a general rise of prices in domestic 
commerce is no benefit at all; it is simply a change cf 
nomenclature for an identical relative value in the same 

The status of recent land values in California and present 
depression offers a striking example of this: 

Total Total 

Number Valuation 

of Total Land. Fences, 

Year Farms Acreage Improved Unimproved and Buildings 


IS, 716 
23 724 

3 893,985 
8 730.034 
21,427 2*3 

2,468 034 


3,861 531 
6,262 000 
5 924 044 

3.874 041 


141 210,028 

262 051,282 


The rate per acre is as follows: 1850, $.99 per acre; 
1860, $5.58 per acre; 1870, $12.36 per acre; 1880, $15.79 
per acre; 1890, $32.62 per acre, or an increase of 106 per 
cent, per acre between 1880 and 1890; a total increase in 

July 1 8, 1896. 


values of •435,0UO,U0O. or ItiO pt-r cent . an inflation wholly 
out of proportion to any normal conditions or prog 
Does Mr. Sootl wonder that there should haw bean a Col- 
in values within the | 
The above dot.. red from Mr. Edwin K. Smith. 

Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture at Sacra 
mento. and Mr. Smith remarks: 

" The value of farming lands in California at the present day has 
shrank at least 28 per cent, from the value of 1890 for many re 
The flrst and most prominent otic is that in l~!«i the lands of lulifor- 
nia assumed a fie-.itious value by reason of the extension of fruit 
growing. For a few year* prior to IfSff, the prices received fur fruit 
warranted an increased acreage, and. to that end, the most valuable 
lands, namely those bordering upon or near our large water courses, 
or susceptible to irrigation, were in demand, and values increased. 
This fact enhanced, to a considerable extent, lands not susceptible 
to fruit culture, but that were situated adjacent to first-class fruit- 
growing land, and upon which cereals were cultivated. Voder this 
influence, these lands that werciuoted at from $25 to J40 per acre in- 
creased to $50 and $75. not from any cause other than above quoted. 
It was about at this time that farmers beganjto feel wealthy, and in- 
vested in outside ventures, borrowing money upon these inflated 
values, and did not feel their condition until the present times of de- 
pression, and, when called upon to pay mortgages, found that trans- 
fer of loan was impossible by reason of shrinkage in values, and 
were, consequently, left in a deplorable condition." 

The facts and opinions furnished by Mr. Smith are com- 
mended to Mr. Scott's careful consideration, for they will 
explain one of the chief causes of financial embarrassment 
among the California farmers. 

Mr. Scott says that at the close of the CivilWar in 1865: 

" Labor pressed upon the industries far in excess of their ability to 
meet immediately its requirements. The price 'of labor largely gov- 
erning the price of various commodities necessarily fell." 

Now Mr. Scott's general contention is a fall of prices be- 
cause of a lack of money and lack of high protection. 
Within a period say from 1866 to 1877 inclusive, the value of 
the average product of the precious metals in this country 
was unprecedented, an average of over S68, 000,000 per an- 
num, and j'et during that period we experienced the most ex- 
traordinary commercial activity, and suffered, 1873-77, first 
a financial panic, and second an industrial stagnation, and 
third, a general depression of business that has not been 
exceeded in the history of the country, not even by the 
present. This during General Grant's two terms in office. 
Were these phenomena due to lack of ample protection 
and lack of money ? Moreover the period of falling prices 
has been the period of increasing wages up to 1893. 

As to low prices, the history of our trunk line railroad 
rates furnishes an interesting study. I quote from the 
Hon. John Dalzell, M. C, of Pennsylvania: 

" In 1865 the Penn. K, R. Co. and its lines west of Pittsburg; the 
New York Central and Hudson River R. R. ; the Lake Shore and 
Michigan Southern; the Michigan Central; Boston and Albany; the 
New York, Lake Erie and Western carried 11,151,701 tons of freight; 
or to express it in another way, moved of tons, one mile, 1 654,324,000. 
And how much did each ton cost for carriage? It cost 29 mills per 
mile. In 1885, twenty years afterwards, the same system of rail- 
roads moved of tons, at the rate of one mile, 11 331 303,000, at a cost 
of six mills a mile." 

And reductions have continued since that time to the 

A statement in the Financial Chronicle of June 6, 1896, 
of the business of the Southern Pacific Company, 1872 to 
1895 inclusive, shows that: While the carriage of all busi- 
ness per ton per mile increased 80 per cent., the reduc- 
tion in the receipts per ton per mile, from 1872 to 1895, 
inclusive, was 66 per cent., and this is not far from the 
rate of reduction general throughout the country during 
the same period. It seems pertinent here to add that the 
reports of our Inter-State Commerce Commissioners show 
that railroad service in the United States costs the public 
on an average less than one-half what it does in Europe. 
Does Mr. Scott consider these reductions, which are uni- 
versal, a hurt to the people? I believe that they are bless- 
ings, however much temporary disturbance or discomfort 
such vast changes impose. 

Mr. Scott says: 

" Congress in 1873 largely deprived silver of its monetary use, and 
in consequence its value greatly depreciated. Should Congress con- 
fer upon silver a monetary use, the logical conclusion is that its value 
would be augmented commensurate with such additional use." 

I will again remind Mr. Scott that coinage is not de- 

mand in the economic sense of consumption, but is in fact 
storage stocking of supply, That the money metal 

the mints when not wanted elsewhere. And this fart 

has two striking examples in t hi-, generation. First, the 
extraordinary sold coinage by the French Government in 
the fifties, which In one year coined more than the whole 
world's production for that year. Yet sold declined in 
value. Second, ihe Bland-Allison Act, in force from 1878 
to 1890, authorized the purchase of from twenty-four to 
forty-eight million dollars of silver. July 14, 1890, the so- 
called Sherman Act, authorizing the purchase of 54 million 
ounces silver per annum was passed, very greatly aug- 
menting the acquisition of silver. Yet from the time the 
law went into effect until it was repealed — three years and 
four months — the fall in the average price of silver was 
over 111 per cent. Says Senator Sherman, the author of 
the proviso: 

" The Act of 1890 demonstrated the inevitable result of free coin- 
age in our country. If ihe purchase of 54 million ounces of silver a 
year did not prevent the further decline of that metal, what would 
have heen the result if we received and coined all the silver that 
wjuld be brought into the United States from any region of the 
world at the fixed rate of $1.29 per i mice, worth in the market 73 
cents an ounce? This is a proposition the logic of which it is impos- 
sible to avoid. 

There has been an extraordinary increase of the British 
gold product within the past five years, including 1896, 
and it is more plentiful than ever in the English and con- 
tinental banks, and yet, as a matter of fact, the coinage, 
which is free, has fallen off. Thus the theory of the bimet- 
allist is again put to the test, and shows that it is un- 
founded. In fact, as stated hitherto, coinage is not de- 
mand in the economic sense. Moreover, it is the range of 
prices and the activity of trade which determine the quan- 
tity of money in circulation, and not the quantity of money 
in circulation that determines prices. 

As to any possible benefit from the independent unlim- 
ited free coinage of silver by the United States, Dr. Otto 
Ahrendt, the eminent German Bimetallist, says, in the 
North American Review for June: 

" The United States alone cannot establish the double standard by 
adopting free coinage; they would shift over to the silver standard, 
and we should vainly wait for a stable ratio of values." 

This is concurred in by every International Bimetallist 
of any repute whatsoever, and I repeat a coin is just as 
bad when debased by over-valuation, if not exchangeable 
for better, as when unduly alloyed, clipped or sweated. 
Political hysteria and popular frenzy may overthrow es- 
tablished institutions, but they cannot overcome natural 
law. A JLayman. 

San Francisco, July 14, 1896. 

{To be continued). 

Of all the banquet balls in the city that of the Maison Riche is 
undoubtedly the finest. The accommodations are perfect and the 
service excellent, and the largest functions can be held there. 

J SEEN — =- J 

I » jR0GflD&R0?t 

# * 


J£k Eat. Drink and be Merry at "THE TROCADERO." 3l 

T? A little Paradise: "THE TROCADERO." 200 yards from the ^ 
A* Ingleside, Corbett Road, near the new race track. ^^ 

& ERNEST DOELTER, Proprietor and Caterer. ^ 

^4.4.4. 4*4*4-4. 4*4*4*4*4* 4.4.4*4* 4*4.^ 

Yellow Jacket Mining Co. 
The annual meeting of the stockholders of the Yellow Jacket Silver 
Mining Company will be held at the office of the company. Gold Hill, Ne- 
vada, on Monday, the 

20th DAY OF JULY, 1896, 
at the hour of 3 :30 o'clock p, m. , for the purpose of electing a Board of Trus- 
tees to serve for the ensuing year and the, transaction of such other busi- 
ness as may come before the meeting. 
Transfer books will close on Monday, July 13, 1896, at 3 o'clock P. M- 

"W. H. BLAUVELT, Secretary. 


July 18, 1896. 


GREAT were the men who in the early days contributed 
to the News Letter. Bret Harte, Mark Twain, 
Avery, Rhodes, Watkins, and Frank Soule found a place 
between its covers for the brilliant contributions which 
afterward made many of them world-famous. Frank M. 
Pixley, the late editor and proprietor of the Argonaut, 
and one of the most brilliant writers this coast has ever 
produced, was a regular contributor to the News Letter 
from war times until he established the Argonaut. 

Among the early writers on the News Letter at the 
end of the '"60's" there prevailed a feeling not alone 
of good fellowship, but, in many cases, of strong and en- 
during friendships. James Bowman, or "Jim," as he was 
generally called by the fraternity, was fond of entertaining 
his associates on the paper at a picturesque home he in- 
habited on Washington street. His talented and excellent 
wife, who was an honorary member of the Bohemian Club, 
assisted Bowman in making those reunions delightful. Jim 
Bowman was a most independent character. In argument 
he was intensely aggressive. 

Bowman's contributions to the News Letter were char- 
acterized by a terseness of expression, and an intense 
acridity when somebody had to be " burned up "or " taken 
down." He was fond of throwing in a Latin quotation 
here and there, and not a little conscious of his knowledge 
of the classics. He was the first to agitate and arrange 
for the collection of Pollack's poems. There was no taint 
of literary jealousy in Bowman's composition. He was ever 
anxious to suggest and advise. And he was a better critic 
of others' compositions, not an unusual thing, than of his 
own work. He wrote more than average verse. It was 
always metrically exact, but he never reached the higher 
altitudes, or basked in " the light that never was on land 
or sea, the inspiration, and the poet's dream." 

Bowman's connection with the News Letter was of an 
erratic character. Some months he was a salaried mem- 
ber of the staff, but worked for the most part as a contrib- 
utor. He wrote clearly and well on political topics, and 
liked nothing better than an order for a caustic article of 
a personal direction. He took a keen pleasure in book re- 
viewing, and his comments on current literature were 
among the best features of the paper. 

The biting agnostic articles which appeared over the 
signature of "The Parson" were directed against the 
leading clergymen of the city, or, perhaps, to put it more 
correctly, were bitter criticisms upon their methods and 
doctrines. The identity of 'The Parson" was a secret 
except to a few of the staff. Their severity was unabated 
by any remonstrances from the parties assailed, and, as a 
matter of fact, " The Parson " had always a reason for his 
diatribes. Some contended that a clergyman was the au- 
thor of those cutting comments, because no layman could 
be expected to be as familiar with church affairs. None 
suspected then, and not many are now aware, that "The 
Parson " was Captain Rogers, a pilot who lived in Oak- 
land, and who wrote most of his contributions while stand- 
ing on and off outside the Golden Gate, waiting for a ship. 
At this period the regular staff of the News Letter con- 
sisted of Dan O'Connell, editor; Ambrose Bierce, Town 
Crier; and James Bowman, general editorial writer. But, 
in addition to these, there was a host of contributors J. 
Tremenheere Johns, the original Town Crier; Bret Harte; 
James Watkins, now editor of the New York Evening Sun; 
Henry George, Reverend Wm. Harvey, an Oxonian and 
a clergyman of the Church of England; Edward Neumann, 
twin brother of Paul Neumann, of Honolulu; Isabel A. 
Saxon, and many others Editorials on foreign affairs 
were mostly written by Mr. John Melville, an English gen- 
tleman of rare culture, and an intimate personal friend of 
Mr. Marriott. His wife, a very accomplished lady, was 
also a contributor to the paper. 

Bret Harte, who was then editing the Overland Monthly, 
with John Carmony as its publisher, brought one day the 
manuscript of the celebrated " Heathen Chinee " to Mr. 
Marriott. He handed it to Ambrose Bierce, who at once 
recommended Harte to use the verses in the magazine. To 
this advice Harte objected. He considered the matter too 
trivial for magazine poetry, and offered it to the News 
Letter, but finally concluded to keep it for the Overland, 

which he did for many months after it was written. When 
it did appear it made the hit of the season, and was copied 
not alone all over the State, but in the East. It was the 
indirect means of an offer from the proprietors of the At- 
lantic Monthly of the editorship of that magazine to Harte. 
Harvey's principal work in the News Letter was a 
column or more of doggerel verse written in Cockney dia- 
lect over the signature of "Mrs. Harris." It was a com- 
mentary on the doings of the week from the Harris stand- 
point, and was usually very pungent and clever. His re- 
view of the sermons of the week, written from a clerical 
and theological basis, used to make quite a stir among the 
church people. He was in every respect a singular char- 
acter — a bohemian who would have been in harmony with 
the times of Dick Steele and Goldsmith. He was care- 
less and extravagant to a degree, but had periods of 
the strictest propriety and economy. His return of 
grace was indicated in a curious manner. It began with 
the purchase of a silver pencil case. Then a watch and 
chain, and lastly good clothes, and a shiny, silk hat. And 
when he grew tired of the straight and narrow path, the 
silver pencil case was the first article to go. 

Tremenheere Johns, the first Town Crier, was an excep- 
tionally brilliant man. He was a most versatile, all round 
writer, and was equally facile in his descriptions of the open- 
ing of a new clothing house or restaurant, or a paragraph 
on the latest blunder of the city fathers. He was a rapid and 
voluminous worker, and even toward the end of his life, 
when he suffered incessantly, used to turn out a vast 
amount of "copy." Johns was an excellent dramatic critic, 
and spoke as well as he wrote. He regarded life as a huge 
farce, and was never serious when he could be otherwise. 
He did his best work on this journal, and always took a 
strong personal interest in the Town Crier department, 
resenting the introduction of any paragraphs but those he 
had himself written. 

Bowman succeeded Johns as Town Crier, but he lacked 
the crispness of the other. Neumann occasionally con- 
tributed to this department. 

William M. Laffan, now publisher of the New York Sun, 
was a constant contributor to the News Letter during 
the Franco-German war, and he had a singular knack in 
forecasting the result of many of the great battles. 
William H. Rhodes, one of the most brilliant writers of 
that period gave the News Letter much interesting mat- 
ter. His metier was the weird and fanciful, and he had an 
abiding horror of humbugs, whom he never failed to punc- 
ture when the opportunity offered. 

Stephen Massett, known to early Californians as "Jeems 
Pipes, of Pipesville," was fond of seeing his verses in this 
paper. Massett was the butt of the staff. They liked to 
hoax him, and had no sympathy with his rhapsodies. But 
the veteran singer had a cuticle like a tapir, and never 
permitted the pestiferous crowd to disturb him. 

The News Letter staff between '65 and '70 may then be 
summed up as comprised of James Watkins, Ambrose 
Bierce, J. T. Johns, Captain Rogers, James Bowman, John 
Melville, Wm. Harvey, with a number of occasional con- 
tributors. The poets of the period were especially fond of 
the News Letter, and many of our early contributors 
have since made their mark in the world. Foremost 
among these are Frank H. Gassaway, G. H. Jessop, Fred 
Emerson Brooks, and others of lesser light. 

Rev. Dr. Bleasdale, a Catholic clergyman, whose health 
compelled him to abandon the active duties of his calling, 
was from '73 to '78 a valuable member of the News Letter 
staff. Dr. Bleasdale was a most skillful chemist, and had 
his laboratory on Merchant street, adjoining the office of 
this paper, which was then engaged in an active crusade 
against food adulterations of every description. Analyses 
were made by the Doctor, and the published results 
startled the community. The News Letter was per- 
sistent in its course of exposure, and the effect of those 
investigations were most beneficial. 

Theodore A. Harcourt, a young Englishman, came from 
the literary department in Bancroft's to edit the News 
Letter at this period. Harcourt was an impressive and 
original writer, and some of his verses gave promise of a 
more than ordinary future. An intimate friend of his, and 
a constant contributor was Walter M. Fisher, who after- 
ward, upon the death of B. J. Avery, assumed the editor- 

July 18, 1896 



ship of the Overland Monthly, and who is now in lo:a d 
engaged in literary purs.: 

lam Lovel Evrf. .1 versatile writer, had charge of 
the paper for several years, and wrote the Town Ciurii 
department, besides articles of general interest, ;ind good 

David \V. Nesfield wrote and edited the News Lkttkr 
for some time; Richard Gibson and Edward Moran suc- 
ceeded him. The Town Ciuf.u department was written 
for some years before and after this period by Daniel 
O'Connell. who. except with rare intervals, has contributed 
to the News Lkttkr columns for twenty-five years. An- 
other writer whose articles attracted much attention was 
Mine. Corlette. She wrote over the »"/» d< plume "Silver 
Pen." and is still remembered very favorably. Earl 
Marble was editor of the paper about the end of the 
eighties. J. H. Gilmour, one of the most able and power- 
ful writers on the Coast, had editorial charge of the paper 
for about two years. 

That brilliant writer of fiction, and essayist, W. C. 
Morrow, also held the editorial reins for two years, and 
gained for the paper hosts of friends by the care and at- 
tention he bestowed upon its every detail. 

Howard V. Sutherland took charge of the editorial 
management of the News Letter after Mr. Morrow's re- 
tirement, and now occupies that desk. His lyrics were 
welcomed to the columns of this journal long before his 
more intimate connection with it. 

Woo. M. Neilson, who was connected with the News 
Letter as early as '69, and who may be accounted a 
journalist of world-wide repute and experience, Arthur 
McEwen, and John Finlay write regularly on the 
paper. Mr. Finlay has for many years conducted 
and written the financial and mining portion of the News 
Letter, and has done it so well that its statements and 
opinions are now continually quoted in London and Paris. 

To enumerate the talented men and women who have 
during forty years given their brightest and best ideas to 
this paper, would be to make a list of nearly all the gifted 
people of the Coast. It would contain the well-known 
names of Alice Rix, Gertrude Franklin Atherton, Alger- 
non Smith, Emmet Doyle, Robert Greathouse, W. H. L. 
Barnes, and of numerous other writers of pronounced 
ability whose names are not so famous. 

Among those of the News Letter's staff who have 
passed away are Mrs. Joseph Austin (Betsy B.) and Henry 
D. Bigelow. Mrs. Austin's articles were pungent and 
amusing, and her style pure and accurate. The memory 
of Henry D. Bigelow is still fresh in the hearts of his 
admirers and friends, who are many. He was a brilliant 
writer and a genial companion, and as such will ever be 
affectionately remembered. Dan O'Connell. 

Smart Paper. The London Court Journal is pleased to 
pay the News Letter a mild compliment, 
thuswise: " The foilowing modest remark is made by the 
California News Letter: 'There are three publications 
by which alone every home in California can be made happy 
— the Bible, Shakespeare, and the News Letter.' It is a 
smart little paper, truly ! and very good friends with Eng- 
land. We believe one of its proud boasts is that it sends 
a copy of each impression to Queen Victoria." If we were 
to adopt the Flag style of publishing all the flattering 
things said of us, we should have no space left for anything 
else. The News Letter, by the way, is about the only 
San Francisco paper that is quoted by the London jour- 
nals.— March 31st, 1866. 

[The same applies to to-day. — Ed. News Letter, 1896.] 


OUR Subscriber, who art almost everywhere, hallowed 
be thy name. May in thenearfuture thy little cheque 
come, payable on any bank in this city. Give us this day 
that which thou owest and forgive our shortcomings, even 
as we forgive them that crib our editorials. Lead us not 
into the way of using bad language; but rather save us 
from temptation, for the life of a publisher is a pretty hard 
one. Deliver us from evil; for thine is the kingdom, the 
pleasure and the glory, Forever and ever. Amen. 

Use Richardson & Robbins' canned and potted meats for picnics. 

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Regvorrator. to make QKAY hair w«* oatural oolor, 
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unit cleanliness 

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PRICE. $1 50 and $3 


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Ask your dealer for the " [}, S," brand 
and you will get the best. 

Beware of imitations. 

This is a facsimile of the 

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July 18, 1896. 

" We Obev No Wand but Pleasure's."— Tom Moore. 

1TOOK a hand grenade and my asbestos 
top coat to the California Monday night. 
I didn't need them. I had been deceived. 
Rose Coghlan is not an incendiary. She is 
a large, billowy lady, who might sell cor- 
sets, or conduct a lodging house, or, for the 
matter of that, engage in any occupation other than that 
of Carmen, the sultry seducer of Seville, who burned the 
Hudson dry and cremated the critics of New York. Miss 
Coghlan's cigarette girl is not a sensation. She is con- 
servatively, obviously and cheaply melodramatic, and there 
is never a moment of her performance in which you can 
forget that she is a fond mother, a devoted wife, and a 
respectable, law-abiding citizen. To be sure she has little 
heart to heart bouts with Mr. Warde's Don Jose. She 
wobbles about him in a sort of ring-around-a-rosy-she- 
never-saw-the-streets-of-Cairo dance; she pats his cheeks; 
she grabs him with warm, maternal half-Nelsons, and even 
poises him for an instant on her proud buzzum and says, 
"Kiss me! Let me feel you in my arms! Kiss me! Kiss 
me!" But even then she does not broil his lips in one fell 
bus. Their faces meet gingerly; their chins huddle con- 
vulsively — and their mouths dodge each other by a full 
inch. They do not even engage in the classic rapture of 
braided legs. This is no wild osculation orgie, no carnival 
of twisted lips and neighborly teeth. It is Carmen, maybe, 
but not Carmen the Kisser. 

* * * 

I am sorry to see Rose Coghlan trying to steal another 
woman's fad and wallow in cooked-over sensationalism, for 
she is a great actress in some Hues, and, moreover, she is 
old enough to know better. I am sorry to see Frederick 
Warde, a representative tragedian, reduced to kissee in a 
fake sexual study. And I am sorry to see the California 
Theatre housing such a freak entertainment. There can 
be no plea of "art and realism" offered for this after-birth 
of Carmen. It is sensationalism impure and simple, fash- 
ioned after Nethersole's feverish inspiration, which, like 
the underclothes and flea-stalking episode of Pilar Moran, 
was made a box-office success through the notoriety given 
it by the New York Press. I am glad my copy does not 
see print until Saturday — too late to do much booming. 
And I am glad that Sunday supplements do not come out 
until a day later — for I'll stake my fireman's outfit against 
one of Carmen's bogus embraces that in the Sunday papers 
pen and pencil will combine to picture the extent of Don 
Jose's felicity. 

* * * 

I might have known it. The trusty dailies were begin- 
ning their work while I was writing the above. A line has 
just come to me from the California's scholarly press 
agent: " Carmen is a great go; the public demand another 
week of it." And I, deluded mortal who thought to-morrow 
would see the last of her, have poured oil upon the flames. 

* * # 

Rigoletto confirms what I said last week, that the 
strength of the new Tivoli company lies in the male voices. 
I had heard a great deal of De Vries's Rigoletto, and his 
exceptional singing in Lucia led me to expect a good ren- 
dition of the Pool, but, even with these encouraging har- 
borings, I did not anticipate the stirring characterization 
of Monday night. Dramatically and vocally it was sure, 
strong, artistic work. There is a satisfying completeness 
to his voice. It has the rich, rude masculinity so vital to 
the barytone. Even the higher tones, where the average 
barytone breaks into cloying sugar voice, are broad and 
compact as a cello's. Michaelena was not in his usual form. 
In fact, he was so ill that Pache had to sing the final scene 
for him. Natali made a better showing with Gilda than 
she did with Lucia, but I cannot rave over her voice. She 
has been well schooled, her method is the best Italian, and 
she is an indefatigable worker, but she has not the melodic 
throat that commands my rich flowers. Natali is well 
worth half a dollar a hearing; but Hinrichs' orchestra, 

Michaelena, De Vries, and Abramhoff are a good invest- 
ment at three times the price. 

* * * 

I take this receipt for enlargement of the actorial cra- 
nium from Plays and Players. It is the first approach to 
jocularity that I have ever seen in a theatrical press sheet, 
so, in a moment of bewilderment, I print it in its entirety: 

An actor who has made a hit recently endeavored to pro- 
tect himself against (,he heat by drinking " fizzes." Meet- 
ing his manager he said: " Shay, you can't get 'long with- 
out m-me." 

" Why not ? " asked the manager. 

" B'cause I've made the hit of the play." 

"Well, suppose you died, what would I do ? " asked the 

" I don't know. I s'pose then you'd have to get som' 
one else." 

" Well, consider yourself dead," said the manager. 

Now an understudy is playing the part. 

* * * 

One-man shows are at present the particular fad at the 
Eastern vaudeville houses. Mons. Biondi, who plays a 
whole sketch by himself, impersonating seventeen distinct 
characters in as many lightning changes of costume, is the 
big card for next week at the Orpheum. Biondi made a 
sensation at Koster and Bials, in New York, which, no 
doubt, he will duplicate at the Orpheum, where the 
patrons have learned to feed on the best that is obtainable 
in the variety. Ross Snow of the 1492 company, in a new 
comedy act, is among the other new specialists. 

* * * 

At the Columbia The Charity Ball has run the week. On 
Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday the play that so bril- 
liantly opened the Frawley season, The two Escutcheons, 
will be given again. It is the last opportunity we shall 
have for some time of seeing Maxine Elliott, as she leaves 
for Australia on Thursday's steamer to join Nat Goodwin's 
company. Moths will finish out the week with Miss Craven 
as Vera. 

* * * 

Next Monday week Miss Coghlan, Mr. Warde, and the 
Stockwell Company will present Madame, a play by Charles 
Coghlan. which had a run at Palmer's Theatre, New York, 
but which has never been presented in San Francisco. As 
the play was written for Miss Coghlan by her brother, it 
undoubtedly offers her a role suited to her powers. 

All the local and visiting Thespians will have a chance to 
see Carmen. A professional matinee will be given next 


SHE loved me, she said, and she swore it ; 
She swore it a thousand times ; 
She treasured my letters like jewels ; 

She learned and repeated my rhymes. 

And numberless tokens she gave me; 

Her kisses were many and sweet; 
And I thought her an angel from heaven, 

While she was but a womanly cheat. 

She robbed me of rest and of comfort, 
And gave me bright hopes in return' 

And now, by the fireside lonely, 
Her letters 1 smilingly burn. 

For loud are the marriage-bells pealing; 

The priest, too, is blessing the bride; 
And she leans on the arm of another, 

Who once was my love and my pride. 

Ah, well! let her live and be married; 

Her letters are burnt, and I see 
'Tis better be rid of such tokens, 

And keep the heart healthy and free. 
August 3, 1B6S. 

Verily, who can tell whether the streets of San 

Francisco are paved with cobble-stones, or cobbled with 
paving-stones? — June 16, 1877. 

Moore's Poison Oak Remedy 
Cures Poison Oak and all Skin Diseases. Sold by all druggists. 

July i8, 1896. 




JOHN D. SIEBE, who to-day, as for manv \i;ir> p;»>t. 
has filled the ofliee of Assessor in and for the City and 
County of San Francis' 0, Is one of the best known of our 
citizens and one of the most respected. Be is not only a 
public official, but also one of the leadinp business men 
in this community, and is. therefore, well liked by his follow 
business men. The wholesale liquor linn of Siebe Bros A 
Placeman is known from one end of the State to the other. 
and has business dealings all over the Coast. His Mist 
candidacy for the onerous office he now fills, now nearly ton 
years ago. was a memorable one. as it marked very distinctly 
a now departure on the part of the citizens of this city. In 
those days the Bosses ruled everything, and nominated 
candidates on both the old party tickets. Those were the 
days of spoils, and an honest man did not stand much show 
of being elected. Mr. Siebe ran without a nomination from 
either of the old parties, and was so well known by honest 
and intelligent voters that he came within a few votes of 
election. There is no doubt that he was simply counted 
out. the Bosses preferring a tool they could use to a man 
who would fight them at every point in the interests of the 
people. An honest count would, doubtless, have proved 
his election by a handsome majority. Some five years ago 
he ran again on the Republican ticket, and was elected; he 
ran far ahead of his ticket, and his election was celebrated 
by business men who saw their freedom from the corrupt 
rule to which the}' had long been subjected. During his 
term of office he performed his duties so well, and made 
himself so popular, that at the last election the Non-parti- 
san Party nominated him on their ticket. At the time 
Mr. Siebe would not take the pledge exacted from him by 
the Republican party, preferring to run as an independent 
if necessary. Owing to his popularity he was once more 
elected by an overpowering majority, defeating both the 
regular nominees of the Democrats and Republicans. 

The time has come when the citizens of this city are de- 
termined to elect only honest men to office. That is the 
best way to keep expenses down, and to get good and effi- 
cient service for their money. They believe in the old adage 
that ''public office is a public trust," and they demand 
that men holding office shall think so likewise. This Mr. 
Siebe has done, and that is the reason why he is likely to 
hold the post of Assessor as long as he has a mind to. At 
present he has the good will of everybody in the city, and, 
should he run again, will, doubtless, be sent back to office 
far ahead of any other candidate. A short time ago an at- 
tack was made (out of purely personal motives, however) 
upon Mr. Siebe, wherein it was sought to be proved that 
he had been influenced by outsiders in taxing certain prop- 
erties. The matter went into the Courts, and Mr. Siebe 
came out covered with glory, better known for honesty 
than ever, and with the satisfaction of knowing that his 
enemies were put to shame. His assessment of the real 
estate of this city has frequently been subjected to close 
examination by experts, and has invariably been found to 
be fair and just. He knows no such word as favoritism, 
believes in no class distinctions, and taxes the rich man's 
mansion in proportion to its value, just as he does the hum- 
ble cottage of the poor man. Pew officials can lay open 
the book of their lives and show it to contain no blot or 
stain. Few officials care to be reminded of the past and 
few dare to look forward to the future. ' Mr. Siebe, how- 
ever, can do both. He is liked by people of all sorts and 
conditions. He has helped the needy, and has done it in 
such an unostentatious manner that often the recipient of 
his charity never knew from what source it came. Such 
men are wanted in this community, and it is to be hoped 
that he will be long spared to continue in the work he is so 
admirably doing. It is not always that a public official 
can be spoken so highly of, but, in the case of Mr. Siebe, 
such words of praise are called for, and are bestowed upon 
him by men of different political color, who recognize his 
honesty and efficiency, and who prefer to see him hold 
office than a man of their own party who would, most 
likely, rob the city right and left. 

She — Did you make anything in that trade with Bacon ? 
He— I should say I did ! I made a life-long enemy. — Yon- 
kers Statesman. 

C_|;jr__„' TL„l Ai. Hatnah A i '■. . , Incorporated) 
aliTornia I heatre. pni^iotoni 


Oo M00QD1 of Ihf immi'!. MlM demand 

for- r.t annnunoo ttim Lnc ruaKnihr.-nt pro- 

duction of the draniiiti.oil rcreloDOl 


Willi PredoHofe Warde. Rose OogblM, and I.. R Stnckwcll Co 
« -ill in- cnautHi'-.l tor "tie n it-); longer Last Huir Sunday, July 
Ulta, without full 
Monday, July 87th: The Meic hant of Vknicb 

G_|,,__L' TL A ^A-.~ The Gem" Theatre of the Coast. 
OIUmDia I neatre- Frtedlandcr, Gotllob&Co., Lessees 
and Managers. 
Read this weeks bl'l. 

Fir.stof ail, farewell appearance of MAXINE ELLIOTT. 
Monday, Tuesday, Wedny. THE TWO ESGUTCH EO MS. 
Next: Reappearance of MISS MARGARET GRAVEN. 
Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday, and Saturday matinee, 
Ouida's MOTHS. 

Both plays presented by the superb FRAWLEY COMPANY. 
In their usual masterly style. 

OU .-« San Francisco's Greatest Musio Hall. O'Farrell 
rpneU m . street, between Stockton and Powell streets. 

Week commencingMonday, July 20, extraordinary engagements. 


The comic eccentrique transformation artist; Ross Snow & 
Burt (Jlark, the great comedians; Washburne Sisters, songs, 
dances, and comedy; The Vadis Sisters, electric aerialists: 
Huyb J. Kmmett, famous ventriloquist; John Mason and Mar- 
ton iManola Mason. 28 great artists in all. 
Matinee Prices : Parquet, any seat, 2&c. ; balcony any seat, 10c. ; 
children, lUc, any part. 

Keserved Seats, 25c.; Balcony. 10c ; Opera chairs and box 
seats, 50c. Matinees Wednesdays, Saturdays and Sundays. 

T' I ' (~\ i_J Mrs. Ernestine Kreling, 

IVOll Upera llOUSe. Proprietor and Manager 

Season of Italian and English grand opera, under the direction 
tf Mr. Gusiav Hinrichs This Saturday evening, 

To-morrow evening, 

Repertoire for third week: Monday, Tuesday, Friday, Sunday 
evening, Ambrose Thomas 1 romantic opera, MIGNON . 
Wednesday and Saturday eveaings, Flotow's favorite opera, 
MARTHA Thursday evening : 35th anniversary of Mr. Gustav 
Hinrichs 1 directorship, PAGLIACCI, and prelude to " Hansel 
and Gretel, 11 and other selections by an enlarged orchestra . 
Popular Prices 25c and50o 



Successor to . . . 


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July 18, 1896. 


SAN FRANCISCO has absorbed another of the bright 
young men whose abilities demand a wider field for 
exercise than the interior of the State can offer. John E. 
Richards had firmly established himself at San Jose both 
as journalist and lawyer, but the larger opportunities 
offered by San Francisco lured him hither about a year and 
a half ago, and his rapid progress has justified his move. 
He already occupies a leading position as a lawyer, and 
his cool judgment and clear insight, so conspicuous in that 
profession, have attracted the attention of the controlling 
forces in the Republican party, with the result that his 
counsel and organizing ability have come into active de- 
mand. While this larger scope of his powers is duly ap- 
preciated by his intimate friends, he has other qualities 
that more strongly attract them. With the sensibilities 
as well as the talent of a poet, he has the gentleness and 
winsomeness of the poetic temperament, and an unfailing 
bonhomie that conceals an enormous capacity for hard 
work. The one regret of those who best know his re- 
sources is his seeming indifference to the fame which he 
might easily win in literature, and particularly as a writer 

John K. RicJiards. 

of verse. He has published in the Call and other papers 
some of the finest and most graceful poems that have ever 
been written in California, especially those relating to the 
peninsula of Monterey. The worst of it all is that he never 
seems to have taken himself seriously in this regard, and 
that he has hardly done more than trifle with his rare 
poetic talent. As a lawyer, however, he is eminent. It 
is uncommon to see one with a poetic temperament pos- 
sessing to so high a degree the hard practical sense, 
methodical habits, and untiring industry necessary to the 
legal profession, but Mr. Richards is one of those many 
exceptions which genius furnishes to all established rules. 

A Sutro, Esq., will proceed to London by the out- 
going steamer, for the purpose of laying before the capi- 
talists of Europe the merits of the project for draining the 
Comstock Lode by means of the ' Sutro Tunnel.' About- 
$3,000,000 will be required to carry through the enter- 
prise. Mr. Sutro departs upon his mission with the strong- 
est indorsement of all the most wealthy and sagacious men 
connected with the mining interests of this State." — May 
5th, 1866. 

How have the mighty fallen! 

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are loved by everybody. Those raised on the Gail Borden Eagle 
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Health is a valuable pamphlet for mothers. Send your address for 
a copy to the New York Condensed Milk Company, New York. 

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July 18, 1896. 


The war is proving a great assistance to the tem- 
perance cause. Good whiskey costs so much nowadays 
that barkeepers find it does not pay well enough to sell it. 
Six lawyers, as we mentioned some weeks back, joined the 
Dashaway Association on the grounds that there was no 
good whiskey to be obtained. This association receives 
large numbers of recruits weekly from the same cause. 
One of their latest joined members explains how he came 
to renounce King Alcohol, after (a long way after) the 
style of Edgar Poe's "Raven ": 


Once while in a rum-shop dreary, 
As I pondered, soaked and beery, 
And thought I'd like to cast up vile drinks, about a score, 
Suddenly I heard a rumbling 
As of something headlong tumbling, 
Tumbling on the shaky finor. 

Then I sleepily upraised 
My eyes, all filmed and glazed, 
And— good gracious ! goodness gracious ! what a horrid sight I saw ! 
A hideous, horned devil, 
On his paunch — A spirit level 
Was slowly creeping, crawling through the door. 

As if wracked with pangs of cholic, 

Writhed this spirit alcoholic, 
And with horrid lear be asked me if I'd like just one drink more. 

Then, straight erect upstanding, 

With look fierce and commanding, 
To my lips all pale and trembling a fiery cup he bore. 

" Come! tjuick! " said he; " No shrinking; 

Your monarch's health be drinking." 
Then I saw the name his forehead in blazing letters bore— 
" King Alcohol — Fou know me. 

Say, you ain't agoing to throw me ? *' 
" Yes! " I answered, " ill-bred devil, evermore! " 

Then, most pitifully whining, 

Round my knees his arms entwining, 
He besought ine to confess that I to him allegiance bore. 

I, the fallen monarch spurning, 

My cheek with anger burning. 
Said: " Forever I renounce you, since you've got so plaguey poor! " 

The "Rum 'Un " is right; evil spirits possess this war- 
stricken land. The good spirits who came from Caledonia, 
Hibernia, France, and Albion, have fallen before the tariff. 
We have fallen on evil times. Squarza fights against evil 
spirits almost alone. How long will he be able to hold out? 
—September 3, 1864. 

George Francis Train, that incomprehensible com- 
pounded agglomeration of impudence, brass, conceit, 
egotism, vanity, insolence, ignorance, shrewdness, cun- 
ning, cupidity, vulgarity, buffoonery, obscenity, infidelity — 
the intellectual eunuch, the oratorical harlequin, the verbal 
limber-jack, the financial burnt-cork clown, the political 
dancing monkey — that social eruption that keeps the epider- 
mis of the civilized portion of the human race in a constant 
state of irritation — that perambulating moral cancer that 
is eating out the life and patience of the two hemispheres — 
that universal peddler of stale fish, whose mental tin horn 
eternally vexes the ear of the world — the insufferable bore 
and ineffable blatherskite — is still holding forth in San 
Francisco before gaping multitudes, who accept his sense- 
less balderdash for wisdom, because they do not under- 
stand it, take his insolence for bluntness, his buffoonery 
for wit, his ranting for eloquence, his sickening self-lauda- 
tions for independence. — Stockton Gazette. [Our con- 
temporary is fair — very fair — but mistaken. The audiences 
of Mr. Train accept that gentleman's eloquence for nothing 
of the kind. They go to look at bim for the same reason 
that they go to North Beach to see the other nasty bears 
and monkeys. George Francis is amusing, and if our 
people keep a tight grip on their noses, perfectly in- 
offensive. — June 5, 1869. 

In consequence of the News Letter having had a 

beautiful new head electrotyped in copper, its enemies are 
taking advantage of this circumstance to call it a "Cop- 
perhead sheet." Surely no one will object to a little metal 
in the head of one California newspaper, when the heads of 
all the others are block-heads. — July 23, 1864. 

One of the most interesting conversions of the pres- 
ent decade is that of Asa Fisk. Mr. Fisk, before the 
opening of the Lental season, was addicted to the vice of 
lending money at large interest. His friends, whose name 
is legion, declared that he knew more about compound in- 
terest than the New Testament, and that a dollar planted 
in Mr. Fisk's garden of the Lord, and watered by the 
tears of his numerous creditors, would in a few months as- 
sume the expansive proportions of a fig tree in the desert. 
All that is now changed. Mr. Fisk, since the advent of 
Sam Jones, has forsaken his evil ways, and, in order to 
thoroughly convince the public, as well as his own con- 
science, that his reform is permanent, now offers to loan 
money without any security. It gives me the utmost 
pleasure to extend this information to a needy public, and 
beg of them to call upon Mr. Fisk during his office hours, 
and there to find the safe open, and the old-time securities 
grasped by Mr. Fisk before his conversion, lying in the 
waste-basket in ignominious confusion. Let every one who 
wants to borrow fly to Fisk. He has joined the church, 
and his generous hand is burning to distribute large stacks 
of American dollars, just for the pleasure of giving. — April 
20th, 1889. 

We have always said that the Work ingmen's plat- 
form out at the sand-lot was not high enough, but it's too 
late now. When it gave way and precipitated 150 people 
four feet into the sand it proved its good intentions, but 
that was all. That platform ought to be at least thirty 
feet high, so that the rotten rabble which curses capital 
by day and night, and curses for the very lust of cursing — 
the swill of the community which has sent fifty millions of 
money out of the State — might, when the platform gave 
way. break their worthless necks and be heard of no more. 
Probably the best way to accomplish this end is to see 
that the Legislature passes a bill that every one who as- 
cends the platform of the Sandlot agitators shall have a 
noose adjusted round his neck, attached to a reliable gal- 
lows. It will then not be necessary to have the whole 
platform give way, but merely a well-constructed trap, 
which anv sensible man could spring at the proper moment. 
—February 21, 1879. 

It is a very painful thing to record the fact that a 

murderer was deprived of his valuable life by hanging, 
but we are pleased to say he was a foreigner and a 
Chinaman. Some two years since Mr. Ah Luck killed a 
I countryman of his, and, having a little money, was enabled 
to stave off "Justice" for a considerable period. His 
money, however, gave out and he had to face the music. 
j Mr. Ah Luck, observing in the papers the marvelous 
' efficacy of prayer, as seen in the Kalloch case, where the 
1 Father, Son, and the Holy Congregation never let up on 
the Lord for five minutes, night or day, for months, re- 
solved to avail himself of the. advantages of religion, and, 
with this object, sent for Father Dalton, of Grass Valley, 
who put him through against time, rubbing in holy fat on 
sundry parts of his body and baptizing him in due form. 
This we think hard on Denni-s Kearney — the idea of a China- 
man being let into Heaven in that way on the sly. — April 
16th, 1831. 

The lash, and the lash alone, is the only cure for the 

hoodlum scourge. Those young ruffians, who now roam 
about in bands like hungry coyotes, have no dread of the 
ordinary punishment by confinement. What a stupid, de- 
testable, and pernicious sentimentality it is which precludes 
the flogging of those pests. The effect of the lash would- 
be immediate. Laid upon the backs of those cowardly 
young scoundrels, not with a merciful hand, but until the 
blood came, it would so appall the hoodlum world that un- 
protected women might saunter along any part of Tar 
Flat or Bernal Heights at any hour of the night, without 
fear of being molested. Flogging cured garroting in Eng- 
land after all other penal remedies had failed. But here 
we are such a mealy-mouthed, such a milk-and-water com- 
munity, and so infested with prating, windy, good-for- 
nothing, mock philanthropists, that we are compelled to 
endure the mock and disgrace of these vealy ruffians, with 
the antidote staring us in the face. — October 26th, 1889. 

July iS, 1896. 



An excellent Institution la the whipping post, ami the 

T. C. most ardently 

_'X*I for br dumb animals and torture 

them. It is n never-falling curative fur beasts who gel 
drunk ami abuse tlioir wives Further, it is a vigorous 
and searching tonic for men who garrote our citlieiu on 
r men whose pet weapon is a sand club or a 
pair of brass knuckles Because all these men who do 
these things are the dirties! cowards living, and they have a 
most decided objection to being whipped. The lash is pain- 
ful, for it cuts into the skin. It draws the blood, raises 

welts and weals, and repays the murderous garroter and 
the wife-beater in their own kind. Even their skins are 
tender, and wince under a whipping, and then to be flogged 
tisgraceful, and. therefore, so eminently fitting a 
punishment for sneak thieves and footpads. Of course, 
there are a lot of old Mollies who will say that whip- 
ping is a remnant of barbarism and unsuited to the 
necessities of the nineteenth century. But ask the 
authorities of London what whipping accomplished 
there twenty years a>:o. when men were knocked down 
and robbed every night: and let the authorities of 
San Francisco take this matter in hand, and ask them 
selves if there are not crimes of daily occurrence in 
this city which could be measurably checked by painful 
floggings — in public if possible, in private if it must be. — 
August 2iith. 1882. 

San Fraucisco contains a little coterie of dissatisfied 

and unpleasant persons, intended by nature for hod- 
carriers, but who manage to obtain an easy livelihood by 
preying upon their fellows. We need not more particu- 
larly allude to them as managers of the humbug known as 
the ''Labor Union" system. Ever and anon they have 
been in the habit of gravely puttingforth certain circulars, 
which, to the uninformed, are calculated to convey an idea 
that tbey and their "cause" are of some importance. 
This, however;, is a ridiculous mistake. These Labor 
Unions number in membership only a few ignorant cobblers 
and hewers of wood, and a little crowd of fellows who per- 
sistently shirk any honest toil — "bummers," who are striv- 
ing to foist themselves into some little prominence upon 
shoulders of their deluded followers. Every one who knows 
the managers of the "labor movement" upon this coast is 
amazed that any class of men, no matter how poor and 
ignorant, should allow themselves to be used by such a set 
of pretentious ignoramuses, lazy, loafing, beggarly mis- 
creants, contemptible blood-suckers, everlasting non-pro- 
ducers, eternal sores upon the surface of society as are 
the managers of the "Labor Party of California." Out 
upon them! Why is there not a chain-gang, wherein they 
might be made to do some useful work? — July 20, 1872. 

Oscar Wilde has arrived. A healthy sylph this 

poet, in his bottle-green overcoat, his yellow kids, and his 
six-feet form in his stockings. Arise, ye daughters of 
America, and fall into the latest British craze. Though 
his complexion be as yellow as his favorite sunflower, 
swear, maidens of New York, that it is a blending of the 
peach and the lily. Make room for his feet in your draw- 
ing-rooms, read up Patience for the correct attitudes, and 
fall into line, as is your wont, to worship everything odd, 
English, and incomprehensible. Keep your lamps burn- 
ing, oh! virgins of Gotham, and give Oscar a right hearty 
welcome. For by the bones of Diogenes, his father was an 
eye-doctor in Dublin, bis mother wrote ringing verses for 
the Nation, and he himself is the founder of a school wherein 
damphoolery is the only wear, and literary emetics the 
only medicine. But keep him not too long, for the jingle 
of the bells on his cap have already echoed across the con- 
tinent, and Nob Hill yearns for his elongated anatomy. — 
January 7, 1882. 

The worshipers at Calvary Church are now pre- 
sented each Sunday with a likeness of the new pastor, 
Master Hemphill. We recommend that an advertising 
frame, similar to those in use at the barrooms and boot- 
black stands, be suspended in front of the pulpit, and sup- 
plied with Mr. Hemphill's cards in a case neatly labeled 
Take One." If a sufficient number of photographs can- 
not be obtained, the case might be filled with the current 
portrait of His Majesty the King of Clubs. The godly 
would not know the difference, and with the ungodly it 
would make none. — December 11, 1869. 

Hoses O'Connor, who died the other day, left 16,000 

to his three brothers, 12,000 bo Ins wife and children, and 

"-'" to the Church for perpetual daily masses for the 

repose of his soul There is some popular indignation at 
this division of goods, but .Moses, himself, besl knew what 
il of h job it would be to scour up his soul; and we 
pity the Church. To help her (food work, we i><'t. r leave to 
the following, which may be said (or sang) before the 
tna~s is performed 

oh, Lord! wc pray Thee, for Thine honor 
<.ive peace to Moses, called O'Connor! 
An Iri-n Jew. a saint, a sinner. 
l>ead-hcat in life, in death a winner. 
Time failing fast and breath, his eyes 
Beheld Thine awful dawn arise. 
To save his wretched soul, he lent 
His cash. Don't damn him till it's spent. 
August 11;, 1879. 

Something should be done with these people who 

force fountains upon us. It is a most indecent way of call- 
ing us whiskey drinkers, and we ought to take it out of 
them while we can. Robert Apple, who has left us $10,000 
for a pump near the Market-street Ferry, was cunning 
enough to see Naples and die; so that we can't conveniently 
get at him until after the election. But Dr. Coggswell we 
have always with us, and there is no reason why he should 
not suffer for his own Montgomery avenue sin, and vicari- 
ously for apple. If there are sanitary objections to bury- 
ing him in the street, he might be dried in a kiln and hung 
on his tombstone for a perpetual scarecrow to philanthro- 
pists; or he might be reduced to impalpable powder and 
sent around as snuff to the most prominent reformers of 
the world. — August 9, 1879. 

The Woman's Suffrage Association is to the front 

again, but this time their demands from the Legislature 
include the right to vote on all questions affecting school 
laws and increased rights in community property of hus- 
band and wife. This last clause we cannot possibly en- 
dure. The wife's property is never so well managed as 
when the husband holds the reins, and gives the dear 
creature a fair allowance of pin money, without robbing 
himself of his own lawful luxuries. In fact, our idea of the 
millennium is that wives should acquire property, and suit- 
able and provident husbands manage it. — January 8th, 1881. 

The story that Dennis Kearney is about to sell himself 

to the capitalists is one of those things too good to be true. 
If there is any other way of disposing of Dennis Kearney 
than by rite of burial, a ceremony already sufficiently 
procrastinated, that way lies, like the funds of the Pioneer 
Bank, undiscovered. Negotiations in the present instance 
are reputed to have been broken off by Governor Stan- 
ford's comparative impecuniosity. He has found it impos- 
sible to make enough money in railroads to buy Dennis 
Kearney, at the estimate which that gentleman puts upon 
himself.— March 9th, 1878. 

These are dull times, and the proprietor of this 

paper has kindly consented to allow us to earn an honest 
penny outside of our regular business of slandering mother- 
less children and inoffensive brokers. Alluding to the 
above (as the advertisements say), we are prepared to 
give lessons in house painting, Sanscrit, bare-back riding, 
quadratic equations, fattening hogs and French. Hogs 
and French are our specialties, and we guarantee situa- 
tions on the police at current rates. — June 29, 1878. 

We all know that Mr. Evarts is painfully thin, but 

it is utterly absurd to try to make us swallow that little 
story about his being sent home after dinner in a hack 
from the Union League Club, and that the driver of the 
vehicle, being unable to find his fare's latch-key, quietly 
slipped the slumbering Secretary under the door, hung his 
hat on the bell knob, and drove off.— March 15th, 1879. 

In former days, numbers of persons might have been 

seen standing round the Post Office, licking postage 
stamps. Now, hundreds stand in the same place, longing 
to lick the Postmaster. — July 16, 1864. 

The Examiner demands that the Call show its hand. 

We pray the Examiner to exhibit its head. — Aug. 14, 1896. 

Tweed says he "cannot endure heat." Woe unto 

him, then, when he crosseth Jordan. — June 16, 1877. 







40th Anniversary Number. 

S. F. News Letter, July 18, 1896. 

OEATH OF THE BEDOUIN. From original painting by C. Rud Hubrr 

From Christmas Number 1893' 



July 18, 1896. 

We Want a It is a lamentable fact, that in San Fran- 
Protestant cisco all the learned professions, without 

Reformation, any exceptions, law, physic and divinity, 
occupy a degraded position, from the ex- 
istence of an overwhelming amount of ignorant, low, vulgar 
minded fellows in their ranks; or claiming to be recognized 
as such. The Professors of Divinity claim our present at- 
tention. To our mind it is time we had a Protestant Re- 
formation, 'tis time some little decorum and decency was 
observed in relation to the "outward and visible" affairs of 
the church; 'tis time church-going people were addressed 
as rational beings and not as idiots; 'tis time the Minis- 
ter was not the most ignorant animal in the church; 'tis 
time subjects were investigated in a rational, earnest, 
straight-forward, honest manner; 'tis time we heard less 
of the ignorant brutal notions of ancient itinerant 
Jews and Pagans; and that with our advantages, we 
formed opinions of our own; 'tis time, so-called, "Pulpit 
Oratory" was discontinued, and that "Sermons" were de- 
livered in a clear, distinct tone, and not as if uttered 
amidst the gripes and throes of a belly-ache. The Church 
of Rome, with all its faults, has ever been mindful of dig- 
nity and decorum; and confounds not oratory with the roar 
and turmoil of a Cheap-John night-auction. Having for 
many years been in the habit of attending a different place 
of worship every Sunday, we are in a position to form an 
opinion as to the relative merits of the Divines who infest 
this section of the country; and we unqualifiedly assert 
that, taking them as a body, it would be impossible to find 
in any other calling a more vulgar or common-place set of 
men. Without originality, enlightenment or usefulness; 
trained and stupid to the last degree, they follow one 
another right on end like a flock of wild geese, and all 
quack the one discordant note. Protestants, it seems to 
us, have never dared to advance a step, their priests 
think they have advanced too much already, and in Eng- 
land are trying to introduce a modified form of Popery, 
suited, perhaps, for old ladies of both sexes, but we trust 
in God utterly unsuited for Young America. The same 
game is being tried here — better the Church of Rome, a 
thousand times, than the vulgar imitation of it. But to 
return, the Clergymen of San Francisco, look at them — 
mark the want of personal cleanliness, the sinister unquiet 
expression, the furtive glance, the truculent hang-dog 
look that characterizes them — all is deceit and make-be- 
lieve; see that pale-faced creature on the pony with the 
corners of his lips turned down, and the points of his toes 
turned up — the personification of a broken-down dandy — 
his ambition is to appear aristocratic; see this character 
with the books under his arm — it is done for effect — his 
ambition is to appear literary; look, but there is no use 
looking, not one of the whole pack is worth looking at. 
Let us, however, forgetful of their infamous political 
stump sermons, turn for a moment to the programme 
published every Saturday, announcing the various enter- 
tainments to be had at their respective shops on Sunday: 
" The public are cordially invited to attend." 
very " " N 

" most " " " 

" with all cordiality* 

When any imposter contemplates a foray on the public 
he usually tries his hand at a seductive advertisement; 
this we notice from the venders of quack pills to the no 
less base and chuckle-headed propounders of petty po- 
lemical dogmas. Truly the cordiality of these ecclesiastical 
beggars is remarkable! "Cordial gin," as imported by 
White & Wilson, has been pronounced by Mr. McCulloeh 

and Judge Hoffman to be "first-rate stuff," but of a truth 
this is greater stuff still! This cordiality is in perfect 
keeping with all we see — contemptible and false — and ap- 
parently does not pay; for we observe another attempt to 
bone the bits got up in the shape of a deliciously spiritual 
hodge-podge of quite a novel and spicy description, sic: "In 
order to give variety and interest, as well as novelty and 
spiritual zest to the proceedings, no person will be allowed 
to blaspheme — rant we mean — for more than four minutes 
at a time." Mrs. Gamp is of course expected to attend, 
and will deliver one of her soul-thumping discourses. For 
the gratification of the visual orbs of the pious, it is an- 
nounced that "the Church will be neatly trimmed," and for 
the gratification of another sense "Communion will also be 
administered." Then, "a call" has been made by some 
miserable deputy soul-savior "at Lodiana, Asia, for the 
Christian world to unite in a week of prayer," and at it 
they go, hammer and tongs, for a whole week at a stretch, 
we have "female prayer meetings," "fastings, humiliation 
and prayer," "experience meetings," etc. The object ap- 
parently being to bother the Lord, by excessive impor- 
tunity, into permitting their very wise views to be carried 
out in preference to his own! Revolting as these indecor- 
ous orgies are, yet they sink into insignificance when com- 
pared with the daring flight at heavenly excitement got 
up, we fear, as an auctioneer's puff, to draw attention to 
the approaching sale of Japanese goods. "At the First 
Baptist Church, a lecture will be delivered by the Rev. 
Mr. Gobble on the religion, government, manners and cus- 
toms of Japan. A Japanese in full costume will be pres- 
ent." 'Tis true Mother Church has her images, but we, 
more fortunate, have the living animal. The charming 
lecture alluded to is of course published, and we notice 
that it strongly — rather strongly — draws attention to 
"that famous mermaid (is) now in California," and about 
to be brought to the hammer by our kind-hearted and 
most jolly fellow citizen, General Wainwright. We should 
not be at all surprised if the next stunning enterprise of 
the energetic managers of the celestial diggings alluded to 
would be a discourse on "that famous petrified angel — 
wings and tail complete — lately discovered at Loafer's 
crevice" or an exhibition of "the Digger Indians, male and 
female," or peradventure, "the Mammoth Lady of the 
World, weighing 643 lbs.," who might possibly "bring 
down the house" in more ways than one. 

This method of conducting affairs, though highly excit- 
ing, and in all probability very agreeable to the vanity and 
self-love of vulgar men, who desire to draw a crowd, can- 
not fail to bring religion proper and its observance into 
disrepute. The "Religious Newspapers" are not one 
particle better; they all grind on the same key, flat as 
dishwater, and not fit for any rational being to read. 'Tis 
time we had a Protestant Reformation. The Ministers of 
God are all fat and greasy, whilst the unhappy little in- 
mates of the Protestant Orphan Asylum — alone and with- 
out a soul on earth to love them — are, it appears, on half 
diet "for want of means to give them enough." And why 
is this? There is no community on earth so able to sub- 
scribe, none so willing to subscribe for any honest, legiti- 
mate purpose, as the citizens of San Francisco; none who 
have with so reckless a hand given money to every so- 
called "charity;" and yet these unfortunate little children 
are hungry! There is never any difficulty about getting 
the needful if some Rev. Chadbrand requires a little soft 
paper to wipe his razor on; never when the object is "to 
purchase an organ," "to erect a new altar," or "to alter 
the church and enlarge the pews," so that the over- 
dressed church-going she-vulgarians may to greater ad- 
vantage exhibit their finery, not only as they flounce up 
the aisle, lifting the crinoline and pointing the toe, but as 
they sit at ease, absorbed in the all-important duty of 
"taking stock" of their neighbors' clothes. Enormous 
sums have been raised in this city for "Religious Purposes," 
/'. '. , for building unnecessary churches with big towers for 
the accommodation of bats and spiders; for big infernal 

July 18, 1896 



bells. disgraceful in the nineteenth century for smashing 
md for the good of the aforesaid "Minis t 
But these dirty little desolate ofaildren "they are 
so far out of town"— and it is everybou JS, and 

nobody's business — and "the clergymen had so much to 
do"— and they know that charity begins at home— ami thai 
theirs is "a very arduous existence"— and that the 
"laborer is worthy of his hire" — and that "you must 
muzzle the donkey that treadeth out the corn' —and that 
their only legitimate duty In life is to provide for their own 
dirty stomachs. In sober sadness, for any decent purpose 
they have never made an effort; the most they have ever 
done has been to have "a collection" or to go around 
amongst the "pious ladies of their flock," and to be pious 
is to be genteel, and get up a Fair. They know right well 
that for the purposes they seek money it would be impos- 
sible to obtain any by decent means; they know right well 
that for the most part men are thoroughly disgusted with 
churchmen and out of church-going; and that the majority 
think they have done violence enough to their conscience 
when they have paid for a pew. and send their wives and 
children to church "as a compliment to God and an 
example to the servants;'' and, in truth, they have for a 
hollow, soulless mockery, a mere ignorant lip worship that 
neither warms the heart nor inspires the brain. The 
money has to be got for their purposes, however, 
fair means or foul, and honest wives and daughters, 
against their expressed desires, have to be coaxed and 
cajoled into "keeping tables." Here your daughters tobe 
good saleswomen must be familiar and jocose with the 
biggest blackguards in the community — here under the 
nameof "charity" are perpetrated crimes denounced by the 
law. and alike antagonistic to decency, morality and 
modesty: here is dice, lotteries and cheating; here young 
girls are taught the first lesson in effrontery, as in duty 
bound they slip their arms under that of the first fancy 
man who enters, and drags him up to "take a chance" for 
her "Beautiful Savior in Berlin Wool." We want a 
Protestant Reforcnation : we want Divines fit for the age 
we live in, and capable of pointing to a higher and a nobler 
subject than the reiterated details of "How Noah and the 
creeping things went up into the Ark." — Jan. 20, 1860. 

Talmage. The Lord has been trying for some time 
to convey to the Reverend T. De Witt Tal- 
mage the intimation that his services as an advance 
agent are not acceptable, but Talmage is not sensi- 
tive, and it takes a good, robust hint to penetrate 
his breezy self-satisfaction. Even a common, ordi- 
nary sinner sometimes tumbles when a house falls on 
him, but the Brooklyn contortionist has had his church 
twice burned down about his ears, and still bobs up as 
serenely complacent as ever. The late Tabernacle was 
a curio, but the next one, for which Talmage is already in- 
viting the subscriptions of the whole world, will be a 
chromo. It is to have a baptistery for the Baptists, a 
liturgy for the Episcopalians, cross over the organ (and 
probably on the steeple) for the Catholics, and for the 
Methodists there is going to be singing " like the voice of 
mighty thunders." And over all will be the Talmagian 
mouth, looming vast, illimitable, like the entrance to the 
Mammoth Cave. Mr, Talmage is not afraid of tiring his 
voice in a larger church than the old one. " Why," he ex- 
claims, "I have been wearing myself out for the last six- 
teen years in trying to keep my voice in." Lord have 
mercy upon us, mercy upon us miserable sinners! If Tal- 
mage has been holding himself in for sixteen years, tell us, 
ye winged winds, whether there is no desert isle that can 
shelter us when he begins to let himself out? — November 
2nd, 1889. 

A Fool and Whether or not the occupation of writing 
His Folly, for a religious paper is a relaxation of 
the intellect, will be found to depend 
upon the preliminary conundrum — whether intellectual re- 
laxation and idiocy are convertible terms. The opaque 
jelly which serves the country lout for brains would hardly 
have evolved the following, which we extract from The 
Pacific, upon the fall of the Vallejo wheat elevator: "We 
are fond of a lifting up. We are in sympathy with all 
attempts to raise that which is good. The technical ele- 
vator of the grain mart had no charm for us, but the term 

always a pleasanl sound in our ears." 
Wamba the Witness perchance discoursed upon tin 
when ins poor intellects wen' deranged by sour beer But 
Wamba would nol have Bpoken what follows, tor he was a 
well-bred fool; 11 savors rather of Gurth, tne 8wlneherd 
"Mr, b'riedlander is a very tall man already: be will be 
lifted many feel In our eyes when he gives $100,000 to 

of our Institutions of learning." If anybody knows win 
this Reverend Whelp is. we beseech him to kick him for 
\111l here We have to remark that a parson on the 
editorial tripod reminds us of a parrot on a perch; he con- 
trives to dirty every thing he can come within reach of. An 
editor is seldom a gentleman; he of the Xkws LetTEB 
brilliantly illustrates this rule in the light of an exception. 
A parson is one still seldomer; the Rev. Cox illustrates this 
proposition in the light of a shocking example. An editorial 
parson is one never; combining the meannesses of both with- 
out the redeeming qualities of either, his existence stag- 
gers belief in the beneficence of Providence and confirms 
the darkest views of human depravity. — Sept. 28, 1872. 

"A Bloodthirsty Priesthood If there be a God in Heaven, 
is the one particle of truth in re- 

Devil's Delight." vealed religion, or any differ- 

ence whatever between Vice 
and Virtue, then assuredly there cannot exist a more 
detestable set of scoundrels than our polluted Political 
Puritannical Priests. Were these obscene beasts but sin- 
cere in their damnable endeavor to trample out every 
Christian feeling in the people, we could mourn over their 
mental depravity; but these ministers of Satan, these paid 
prostituted hirelings of would-be tyrants and shoddy con- 
tractors, bellow " War! War! ". by the yard — according to 
contract. Wein America, once entitled to be called "Free," 
do now, for the first time, realize the causes that in Prance 
led to the massacre of the Priesthood — they were, ours 
are, a curse and a nuisance. — July 23, 1864. 

The Clergy As usual, are at one another tooth and nail. 
Mr. Starr King' having been selected to de- 
liver an oration, stirred up the bile in the other devil- 
dodgers, and there have been all kinds of religious war- 
whoops sounded. Mr. King, it /appears, is a Unitarian, 
and, curiously enough, claims to be a Christian! His ad- 
versaries think he is not a fit and proper person to speak 
on any subject before Episcopal children. It certainly 
does seem curious how any man in his senses can be so 
stupid as to believe in one God when he has the chance of 
believing in three. The clergy may differ as to the God- 
head, but all agree in a love of hard cash, and dearly de- 
light in hating one another for the love of God. — July 11, 1860. 

The Reverend Johnny Hemphill, who were to have 

arriven, have arroven. Last Wednesday evening he 
dragged his ugly shadow into Calvary Church in the midst 
of the service, and, getting into the pulpit, informed his 
congregation that it was not true that he was dead, which 
tidings will be received by the public with deep dissatisfac- 
tion. Moreover, he assured them that he was not mar- 
ried. Our profound sympathy for the fair victim of that 
matrimonial swindle is tempered with joy at the discom- 
fiture of the managing matrons by whom his election was 
secured in the interest of their straight-backed daughters. 
Mesdames, this broth of a boy has rather perpetrated it 
upon you, and it is more than probable that you will have 
to keep those comely damsels on hand for another custo- 
mer. However, this will be no difficult matter; the demand 
for them is not strikingly lively. — April 2nd, 1870. 

The Overland Limited, 


The Union Pacific is the only line running vestibuled Pullman 
Double Drawing-room Sleepers and Dining Cars daily. San Fran- 
cisco to Chicago without change. Vestibuled bufl'et smoking and 
library cars between Ogden and Chicago. Upholstered Pullman 
Sleepers, San Francisco to Chicago, without change, daily. Steam- 
ship tickets on sale to and from all points in Europe. For tickets 
and sleeping car reservations apply to D. W. Hitchcock, General 
Agent, No. 1 Montgomery street, San Francisco. 

The Press Clipping Bureau, 510 Montgomery street, S. P. reads all 
papers on the Pacific Coast, and supplies clippings on all topics, business 
and personal. 

40th Anniversary Number. 

S. F. News Letter, July 18, 1896. 

EVIDENTLY HUMOROUS- From original painting in Munich Academy of Art by Th Cederstrom. 

From Cbrislmas Number 1890. 

July 18, 1896. 




FIGURES at the b< form ol expn • 

whan the Ideas they arc n ivey arc not sub 

■ 1 onlinar;. Therefore, to expn 

million ol millions the idea of San Prom 

sumption of wa'. ,rry DO weight in a mind tin - 

mathematically inclined Suffice It to sav that an adequate 
supply ha* always met the growing population through 
the superb system of the Spring Valley Water Works. 
From hack in 1859, when water was brought into the 
northern portion of the city from Point Lobos Creek, by 
the old Beusley Water Company, until to-day, when the 
pure, sweet supplies of the San Mateo Mountains and Ala- 
meda Creek flow to our kitchen faucets. San Francisco has 
had no reason for complaint- of the quality or sufficiency 
of her water. 

In accomplishing such results millions of dollars have 
been expended in the perfection of an unequaled supply 
and distributing system. Wonderful feats of engineering 
have been achieved, notable among them the tapping of 
Alameda Creek above Niles Station, and conveying its 
waters across the Alameda marsh, and thence, by means 
of two submarine pipes under the bay to Ravenswood, on 
the westerly shore. Here the two pipes join again and 
run through Menlo Park and Redwood City, to the pump- 
ing station at Belmont. Another great feat was the con- 
struction of the Crystal Springs concrete clam, one of the 
largest in the world. 

The use of concrete in such a massive work was a de- 
parture from precedent, and its success is an everlasting 
credit to the Spring Valley Water Company and to the 
skill of its chief engineer, Mr. Herman Schussler. The 
foundation of this dam was laid in 1887, and was hewn into 
the bed rock. The dam is 176 feet thick at the base, 25 
feet thick at the top, ITU feet high, and is curved with a 
radius of 637 feet, the convex side being up stream. 

The storage capacity of this mighty basin is almost in- 
comprehensible. Besides these sources, there are storage 
supply reservoirs in Pilarcitos Valley, Lake Honda, San 
Andreas Valley, and Upper Crystal Springs. 

The pumping plants and distributing system, including 
the ten city storage reservoirs, and aerators are thor- 
oughly adequate to this wonderful supply. 

The perfection of such a S3 r stem was, by reason of San 
Francisco's location on the sandy, hilly peninsula, of great- 
est difficulty, increased by the distance and difference in 
location of the various adequate sources. 

That every difficulty has been surmounted is as much a 
reason, as a result of San Francisco's continual growth. 
The greatest value of the Spring Valley system is the fire 
protection it affords San Francisco, an architectural an- 
achronism in so far as mansion and hovel are built of the 
same wooden material, is an inviting morsel for the greedy 
tongue of fire; but nevertheless, the size of the city consid- 
ered, its proportion of destructive conflagrations is notably 
small, and that without a regular paid fire department. 

The credit belongs to the Spring Valley Water Company. 

This protection has been increased in the past two years 
by the laying of additional mains and the replacing of most 
of the eight-inch mains by pipes of a larger diameter. 

The work will be continued until all of the smaller 
diameter pipes are removed. Among the other improve- 
ments of 1896 was the erection of a steel reservoir on Clar- 
endon Heights with a capacity of 600,000 gallons, at an 
elevation of 600 feet above the city base. 

To supply this reservoir with water the company erected 
a compound condensing pumping plant on Seventeenth 
street, which has the capacity of lifting over 1,000,000 gal- 
lons daily to the aerating plant above the reservoir. 

These aerating plants are the purifiers of the city's 
water, and a thorough provision for complete aeration has 
been made by the addition of two large plants at Ocean 
View, and one at College Hill reservoir, which aerates 
about 8,000,000 gallons of water daily. 

These are the things that make our water system equal 
to any in the world. 

With the improvements comtemplated, the Spring Val- 
ley can provide water for a city of a million inhabitants. 

Chemical analysis has proven the purity of its supply, 
and tests have, proven its efficiency. Of these things San 
Francisco is justly proud. 


Till of California resources, the faith of < 

forniu men and the fearlessness of California 

ire responsible for the building of the Alameda and 
San Joaquin Railroad, more generally known as the Corral 

The incorporators of the Alameda and San 
Joaquin Company are men whose names are by-words in 

the history of the stall's development. Prompted 
their faith in the ultimate result, unaided by 

bonus oi' public inducement, they laid thirty live miles of 
track ami brought it into operation in eight months. All 
Stockton cheered when the first shovelful of dirt was 
turned on Monnan channel and the work of construction 
commenced. The enthusiasm was trebled, when a few 
weeks later the initial trip was made over the first six 
miles of completed track in a train made up of a rented 
Southern Pacific Engine and borrowed Valley Railroad 
cars and that was the tangible beginning of an enterprise 
destined to work wonders in the industry of California. 
To-day the road completed taps at one end the inex- 
haustible wealth of the Corral Hollow coal mines, and at the 
other the distributing point to a limitless market. The pro- 
moters of this work will doubtless reap a merited profit; 
Stockton, as the present terminus of the road, will be in- 
estimably benefited, but the greatest good of all will come 
to San Francisco. The product of the Corral Hollow 
mines, excellent in quality, and limitless in quantity can 
be placed in the San Francisco market at a price far be- 
low the present quotations. This will solve the manu- 
facturer's problem of cheap fuel and set the wheels of in- 
dustry to whirring again. The prospect has already been 
forcefully brought to the attention of importers of foreign 
coal. Either San Francisco will no longer be the dumping 
place of the output of British and Australian mines, or the 
shippers of such will have to meet the "home product" 
prices. Again the development of the Corral Hollow 
mines, in its various departments will afford work for no 
less than 2000 men. Machinery for the plant is now being 
shipped in and consists of seven boilers and three engines 
aggregating 1000 horse power. Bunkers to hold 4000 tons 
of coal are being built, besides trucks and other innumer- 
able necessities. While primarily a coal road, and as 
such, of sufficient importance to the district it traverses, 
the Corral Hollow line will do a general freight and 
passenger business. Its rates aud accommodations for such 
traffic make it a welcome convenience for the sections 
along the route, and it promises to be a valuable tributary 
to Stockton's commerce. 


AWAY back in April, 1859, out of the memory of two 
generations, when men made and lost fortunes in a day, 
a little office in Turner's Bank, on the corner of Jackson 
and Montgomery streets, became the home of the Hibernia 
Savings and Loan Society. To-day, at the junction of 
Jones, Market, and McAllister streets, in a massive mag- 
nificent structure, emblematic of unshaken integrity and 
firmly founded responsibility, the institution has found a 
permanent abiding place. The inteiim of thirty-seven 
years has been a record of uninterrupted advancement. 
Unswerving principle is the secret of its success. The 
confidence earned with the depositors of gold-dust has been 
maintained with -the savers of a weekly wage. The Hi- 
bernia Bank will receive no deposit amounting to over 
$4,000, and by that rule holds a safe-guard against any 
possible disaster from the most severe panic or monetary 
depression. Its present quarters, which it entered two 
years ago, are models of convenience. The banking room 
is of great dimensions, being thirty feet high, and covering 
more than seventy feet square. Every provision is present 
for the handling of a large business without the least annoy- 
ance or delay. Needless to say, the customers of such an 
institution are numerous and cosmopolitan. The officers 
of the Hibernia Savings and Loan Society are: James R. 
Kelly, President; Robert J. Tobin, Secretary; Alfred 
Tobin, Attorney; with Hugh Dimond, J. J. O'Brien, 
Richard M. Tobin, Charles Mayo, Henry Doyle, and Joseph 
I. Tobin as Directors. 

When you are selecting a wedding present, go to S. & G. (jump's, 
113 Geary street. They have a magnificent variety to choose from. 



July 18, 1896. 





FRANK Worthing is a revelation in naturalism. It 
would be hard to find an actor better posed, freer from 
conventional tactics, or more charmingly authoritative 
than is he. If you have learned to loathe the sprightly 
leading gent, with his beaming asininity, his aggressive 
joyfulness, and bis epicene gush of goo, see Worthing. He 
presages the art of a new century. 

* * # 

The severest critics of Oscar Wilde's work have found 
fault with the very brilliance that makes his plays alluring, 
reviling his piercing wit as strained and unnatural, abus- 
ing his epigrams as theatric, forced, and insincere. There 
is not a line in An Ideal Husband inconsistent with the 
character who utters it, nor one which retards the 
action of the play. That every other line is a flash 
of wit, riveted in burnished English, is about as de- 
plorable as the dazzling flame of the noonday sun. 
Mr. WUde's critics should try goggles. This author 
is too much poet to paint men and women as he finds 
them. He makes them as he wishes they were. And 
what genius lies in the wish and the power to make it 
known! In the literature of our times, An Ideal Husband 
will find a resting place honored and unique. As a play, 
to be played by players, its announcements will jostle for 
space with our obituaries in journals yet unnamed. 

* * * 

Goodwin's Jim Radburn impresses me as I have not been 
impressed since the last memorable visit of Edwin Booth. 
We do not all, with Ruskin, estimate the art of man by the 
loftiness of his subject. Radburn is a plain little man with 
red hair. He chews tobacco, wears his boot tops on the 
outside, and wots little of the prescribed grammar of his 
tongue. He is a hero, but not the hero of tragic blank, 
or the elaborate conqueror of melodrama, for he is un- 
theatrical and sincerely ineloquent as the unconsciously 
brave can be. In a word, a hero without heroics, who 
meets danger without a pose, endures renunciation with- 
out the solace of heart-breaking speech. It is never Nat 
Goodwin, the comedian, whom we see through this chara- 
ter; there is no manner of the actor, no consciousness of 
the audience and its riveted gaze — only Radburn, the red- 
haired Sheriff of Pike County, living out the homely ador- 
ation, the quiet bravery, the unostentatious sacrifice, and, 
at last, the happy con tent of his life. 

* * * 

It is not surprising that Paderewski's programmes 
should consist largely of Chopin. Poetic delicacy of 
temperament, warmth of imagination, and the inde- 
scribable blend of passion and chastity, unite the vir- 
tuoso and the composer by closer ties than their 
brotherhood as Poles. Vladimir de Pachman was the 
greatest Chopin player who had come to us before 
Paderewski. He had the refinement, the emotional 
quality, and the wooing touch, but he lacked the virile 
breadth that is the backbone of music — the disciplined 
strength that is the secret of the cat's unerring tread. 
Paderewski plays Chopin with a delicacy that, at times, is 
almost effeminate; but there is the large, unmistakable 
gentleness of the man underlying all its tenderness. He 
plays Beethoven in the full sweep and dignity of its superb 
grandeur. Schuman and Liszt are equally withio the grasp 
of those boundless hands. 

* * * 

I never see Eddie Poy without longing for the three-ring 
circus. That's where Eddie belongs— with the educated 
donkey, the terra-cotta lemonade, the fairy with the iron 
jaw, the hoop-la, sawdust, and perfumed animals. With 
white-washed face, and the spacious, maternal pantaloons 
of the old-time clown, Eddie Poy, like Castoria and Mellin's 
Food, would voice the cry of infants great and small all 
over this broad land of ours. 

* * * 

Mansfield's Beau Brummel, a cameo, is to be treasured 
in the annals of the stage. May his several other charac- 

ters die their own twisted deaths! Meantime they should 
be hammered down into one act and done on the variety 
stage. Think of Mansfield in lightning changes, from 
Hamstrung Hyde to Prince Karl, introducing the dainty 
little turn at the piano, and doing the pick-axe solo from 
Rodion. Where would Chevalier or the naughty Guilbert 
be ? Mansfield's mannerisms are as unfailingly prominent 
as his hellish halo of green calcium. I believe in individu- 
ality — who does not 1 But it takes a sweeter trustfulness 
than mine to reconcile itself to the phenomenon of six men 
of assorted nationalities, ages, and conditions each suffer- 
ing from the same pectoriloquial spasms and the same 
bored drawl of legs. Hyde, at all events, gives Mr. Mans- 
field a change of leg. He cannot do the Beau's indolent 
dawdle with the interference above the knees, and, at the 
same time, double up like the colic-stricken Hyde. As for 
Rodion, that literary Welsh rarebit of Meltzer's! Five 
nauseous acts to dissect the fee faw fungus that lines the 
skull of a Russian fanatic! Is it for such an uncanny psy- 
chological debauch that the public goes to the theatre ? 
After Rodion I can find entertainment, education, and sed- 
ative in a visit to the Morgue. 

* * * 

Martha Morton discovered the latent possibilities which 
lurk in father-in-law, and fitted him into a play for Crane. 
Crane is the most amusing comedian in the country for the 
middle classes. Butchers, bakers, candle-stick makers, 
policemen, and Methodists will travel miles to watch him 
beroize a middle-aged tradesman. Billing's muffin-shaped 
whisker fitted Crane like a relation; so did father-in-law's 
store clothes. Then Miss Morton put in a fruit-stand lady 
to marry him in the last act and make him feel at home, 
and everybody was happy. Thus the latest Martha Mor- 
ton comedy was given to the world. 

* * * 

The character of Pudd'nhead, as Frank Mayo has writ- 
ten and now plays it, is an ideal comedy creation. Homely, 
quaint, surfaced as a fcol, and underlaid with ineffable 
philosophic satire and rugged, incisive epigram, this 
country attorney, who for a score of years and more has 
been clientless through the luckless committal of a jest in 
Missouri, lives before us. Under Pudd'nhead's deprecatory, 
apologetic manner, the strength of bis character and the 
keen discernment of his drolly logical mind are splendidly 
outlined in contrast with the lazy, pent environment of 
Dawson's Landing and its cotton-brained citizens. 

The audience, from the start, knows Pudd'nhead at his 
full value, and, like the watchers beside a hat filled with 
bricks, baiting the ambitious kick of the uninitiated, it ob- 
serves with intense interest the awakening realization of 
Dawson's Landing. And at the trial scene, when it comes; 
when the treasured store of thumb marks and the stilted, 
old-fashioned oratory of Pudd'nhead have sent light through 
the opaque eyes of the jury, and Tom is unmasked, and the 
diadem of " pudd'n " transferred to the heads of the towns- 
men, and the curtain drops, one leaves the theatre with 
the snug satisfaction of having seen a great play and a 

great actor. 

* * * 

My auditory nerve is too feeble to completely digest 
Materna's voice neat. I should prefer it diluted with a 
full orchestra. She has been, undoubtedly, an heroic Wag- 
ner singer, but years have stolen the fresb melody from 
her voice, and she rants wildly. Her power is phenome- 
nal, and I dare say the X ray would reveal a throat lined 

with brass. 

* * * 

Herbert Kelcey is one of the few actors who do not 
think that, with a fair chance, they could run the dramatic 
gamut from Sir Toby to Macbeth, from Romeo to Lear. 
He is invaluable in drawing-room pieces; he has the air, a 
fine sense of the subdued, and a voice attuned to that art- 
ificiality which is inseparable from the modern epigram. 
As the man of the world in his finer aspect, the gentle- 
man, the squire of dames, he is the bright particular over 

July 1 8, i8<)6. 


tbebeidsof I>rpw, Barrymoro, am! all the impr. 

rs of our .-tin.'"' Kelcey Is nn artist But the 
'if Du I. as Krohmnni/ed him too often He Wl 
highbred, piiro man. thi 
• 'i grandn . .«• thai lbs Lyceun 

•■ ing of the past. I II wager thai Berber! K< 
is looking for a character part where be can bury bu 

lag ami looks in whiskers ami an old coat, and 
regular devil. Meantime. I feel that, under all the Buavc, 
uned acting of Tho dome Secretary, his sleek patent 
leathers are tingling for the coat-tail's of the man who 
the part. 

* * i 

In modern society drama one may realize that Return is 
passing, but in the garb of other days she still defies the 
years. Her Helena is everything that is grace and music 
Never have the Rehan arms been fuller of life and ex- 
quisite expression than were Helena's Never have the 
Rehan shoulders shrugged more superbly, nor the Rehan 
head graced its staunch pillar more "regally than did 
Helena's. And her rich, downy voice, so potent with 
melody and meaning— every breath of it was true to the 
poetic fancy of the lines And Rehan's Lady Teazle! Diet 
for dreams. Restless, volatile, enthrallingly weak and fra- 
grantly human, it marks a standard for the role in the long 
memory of famous characterizations that I am cultivating 
against the time when I become, encyclopaedic, erudite, 
and vast with comparison like Brother Meltzer, Willie 
Winter, and our own Peter Robertson. 

Theatrical. A few nights since we visited Maguire's 
Opera House, to see Musks and Faces, and 
we have no hesitation in saying that, as a whole, the per- 
formance was the best we have ever witnessed in Cali- 
fornia. It is always a more grateful task to us to praise 
than to condemn the efforts of those who cater to the 
public amusement, but we cannot do so at the expense of 
truth, and therefore it has happened that we have so fre- 
quently exercised the critic's privilege of grumbling that 
it has almost become chronic with us, the seeds of which, 
doubtless, were first sown by our being continually nause- 
ated by the fulsome critics of the press — besmearing with 
praise everything and everybody (however unworthy) 
brought out on the stage by any of their theatrical adver- 
tising patrons. In the present instance, therefore, we 
rejoice to be able to speak well of the performance with- 
out stretching our conscience, and we will not "damn with 
faint praise," although we will avoid hyperbole, and so, 
without further prelude, we will say that, to our mind, 
Wheatleigh carried off the actor's palm as Triplet, and 
we were almost about to add, that we never saw the part 
better, if so well, rendered on any stage. Sir Charles 
Pomander, and indeed all the male characters, were well 
sustained, whilst Peg Woffington was admirably done by 
Miss Davenport, who again was well supported by Miss 
Land and Miss Edwin. The play was well put on the 
stage, and being in itself an excellent production, and well 
suited to the company, we hope Mr. Maguire will not 
shelve it for such miserable trash as the Mesalliance, and 
that each future representation may draw as full a house 
as "applauded it to the echo" on Wednesday nigh,t. — 
August 1, 1860. 

* * # 

In the death of Edwin Booth America, perhaps 

the world, has lost its last great player. Good actors, 
studious, scholarly, ambitious, and painstaking, there are 
and will be; but in Edwin Booth all the elements, physical 
and mental, of greatness in his art met, and all transfused, 
vitalized, and harmonized by the subtle fire of genius. 
Such genius appears but once or twice in a century, and 
it is not likely that we of this generation will witness the 
birth and development of another. The coming century 
may see his equal, but when that genius arises he will look 
back and see one majestic figure, that of Edwin Booth, 
standing, a lonely pillar on the other side of a long stretch- 
ing level of mediocrity. 

To one who knew Booth in his younger days and has 
watched his course with the eyes of affectionate admira- 
tion, his too early death is no surprise. It is the easy-go- 
ing, surface-deep bonhomie which lives long in the land. 
Genius, which is always young in imaginations, is always 
old in untaught knowledge. He who sees the world as it 

humanity as it must In-, is sad even la his bap| 
.ul in his revelry The world lias little bold 
him, anil he lets go of 

n in his youth, Edwin Booth \v;is inrktm holy COD 

vivia! at times, perhaps beyond the poinl of prude be 

rather l'Xikoil on ;i t than joined in the noisy revelry of his 

boon companions Bis was the melancholy thai aocircum 

stance or surrounding, home, family, wife, or friends 

could have eradli ough they might soften and ill 

fully relieve lie saw too much. Ity the inscrutable in 

tuitions of genius, the world and Its hollow admiration, the 

iwness ami baselessness even of its appreciation, was 
understood, and its praises, ;,s easily bestow* d on a clown 
or (hnsevsf, gave him little satisfaction The possibilities 

of his art and the impossibility of their realization in a 
world, in which genius may be but not of it. tinged his 
mind, deeply poetic and imaginative, with the divine 
despair" which showed in every line of his face and 
vibrated in every tone of his voice. The sublime discon- 
tent of the soul which sees the heights that none may 
tread with earthly feet, was his, as it is the fatal gift of 
genius in every line of art or endeavor. 

So Edwin Booth lived and so he died — a lonely man in 
the midst of love and friends. With the tenderest heart 
and the sunniest kindliness of spirit it was his fate to be, 
as greatness in any line must be, isolated to a degree little 
appreciated by the thoughtless crowd, who saw in the 
great actor only an object of envy without comprehend- 
ing the penalty of his elevation. 

If we add that the degradation and base purpose and 
application of the latter day stage must have made him 
feel, however unjustly to himself, that he was, at best, 
but a triton among the minnows, the prince of fools, the 
head of an ignoble mob of mingled ignorance, knavishness, 
assurance, and buffoonery — that he saw in the stage 
which he had once loved and still honored, but a sinking 
ship about to be engulfed in a slimy seething sea of false 
comedy, falser sentiment, and falsest morality, we have 
added the final entry to the long account of the causes 
which loosened his hold on life at an age when he should 
have felt the zenith of his strength and power, and brought 
on, in mere lack of the ambition to live, the death which 
has left the world the poorer for all time. 

June 10, 1893. Kate Waters. 

* * * 

Dramatic authors dou't always have a fair show at 

the outset, whatever the managers may say. At least 
that is what a young friend of ours — who writes plays be- 
cause his name happens to be Buckstone — thinks, and 
these are the facts he put in evidence: He, says that he 
called at one of the Bush-street theatres the other morn- 
ing, and said to the manager: ''Well, sir, you told me to 
call in a couple ol weeks for your opinion of that play I 
left with you." "Play — play!" said the manager, rubbing 
his care-corrugated brow, "what play?" "Why, mine; 
don't you remember — realistic California play, Snorter 
.hike, or the days of '49." "Oh! yes, of course. Well, 
what about it?" "Well, as it has been here over two 
months, I dropped in to know whether you have accepted 
it." "Well, the fact is," said the autocrat of the boards, 
shutting the door and assuming a confidential air, "the 
fact is, your drama is a remarkably strong work, my dear 
sir; remarkably strong, but it needs pruning." "Does 
it?" "Yes; and then there's the third act. The action all 
through it needs livening up some, and the tableaux at its 
end isn't strong enough." "Want something more strik- 
ing?" "Exactly, and then you'd better introduce a comic 
character oi two; and — lem me see — wedge in a song or 
something." "How would a clog dance strike you?" 
"Well, I don't know about that. By all means try and 
kill the heavy villain earlier in the last act — kill him with 
poison, if possible, pistols frighten the ladies in the audi- 
ence, you know." "Think so, do you? Is that all?" 
"Ye-e-s, that's all I can think of just now. Here's the 
manuscript," fishing it out of a pigeon hole. "Just oblige 
me by opening it," said the author gloomily. The manager 
did so, and it disclosed nothing but a few quires of blank 
paper. And with an unearthly scowl the dramatist 
stalked out, leaving the astounded manager as much con- 
fused as one of his craft was ever known to be. And yet 
we talk about the encouragement of native talent. — 
August 2, 1879. Beauclbrc. 



July 18,1896. 

' Hear the Crier!" "What the devil art thou?" 
' One that will plav the devil, sir, with you." 

THE proprietor of this moral family journal occasion- 
ally takes the writer of this highly impersonal depart- 
ment to task for his delicate battle-axe satire and care- 
fully concealed wit. In self-defense, the Town Crier feels 
called upon to state that he has been foiled and fooled by 
more women than his immature years warrant; that he 
has been robbed of his hard-earned wages by designing 
men, and that he has even been chewed up by a hungry 
dog. The Almighty is also giving him dyspepsia on the 
installment plan, and, as he cannot vent his humors upon 
a wife, he is forced to lather the backs of the unfortunates 
who are immortalized on this page. The one fear ever 
haunting the Town Crier, is that he may some day lose 
his teeth. He finds consolation, however, in the fact that 
the older a man grows the sharper his nails become. He 
therefore looks lovingly down the long grove of years to 
come, and prays God nightly on thin and bended knees to 
send him fresh and juicy victims. 

THE reason why the bear on our cover is of such healthy 
and rotund proportions is thusly: Itisnot generally 
known, but the proprietor of this journal has long kept a 
live bear, the original of our picture, in the business office. 
To it he feeds stray clergymen, delinquent subscribers 
(when he can get bold of them), poets, and such vermin. 
On Monday evening last, a man approached Mr. Marriott 
very seductively, and offered him a forty-verse poem on 
the Silver Question. We will skip over unnecessary de- 
tails, only stating that the bear and the poet passed a por- 
tion of the night together. Unfortunately, there are others! 

IT is refreshing to know that the young Christian En- 
deavorers and Endeavoresses are flocking this way, and 
the Town Crier trusts they will look him up — that is to 
say, if they are possessed of any other than spiritual 
possessions and attractions. The Crier has had a clerical 
education himself, but was expelled from the church for 
turning the Roentgen ray on the Holy Ghost, and thereby 
endangering the Trinity. However, he bears religious 
folk no ill-will on account thereof. 

A RECONCILIATION is likely to be effected between 
the lambs and the goats of the First Congregational 
Church, and they may soon bray unto the Lord from the 
old stand, corner Mason and Post streets. Since Dr. 
Brown left the city the Devil is said to have become so dis- 
couraged that he has removed the feathers out of his cap. 
He has strong hopes, however, of Deacon Morse. 

VERY few people are exercising the glorious privilege 
of registering this year. The Town Crier has already 
registered three times so as to get three good licks at 
that Suffrage Amendment. Unless a few more good men 
hurry out to Registrar Hinton (who is said to be very 
much awake) we will have to do it again. 

BOZO Gopchevich, editor of the Servian- American, has 
been indicted for libel by Spiro Radolodich. The case 
is likely to be thrown out of the courts owing to the in- 
ability of the opposing attorneys to argue without endan- 
gering their lives while pronouncing the respective names. 
ON dit a substantial addition will shortly be added to the 
family of Mrs. Detective Bridget O'Hara, ne'e O'Hooli- 
gan. A special accoucheur has been imported from Paris 
for the occasion at a great expense. French papers please 

COUNTY Clerk Curry is being taken to task for the. 
large number of ornamental and ruffianly deputies he 
employs. It is only natural that a man with so warm a 
name should find pleasure in surrounding himself with "hot 

REGISTRATION has fallen off considerably compared 
to last year's ligures. Incidentally we would remark 
that Dr. Sweany's practice has been very great of late. 

NOW that excessive slumber drove a young Japanese 
insane, there is hope that our policemen may yet be- 
come inmates of a mad house. 

S SQUIB appeared in another department of this paper 
last week, stating that the Town Crier, who in- 
jured his head on account of using a wretched Vim tire on 
his bicycle, was entitled to no sympathy from respectable 
wheelmen. Not being of a murderous disposition, the 
Crier refrains from indulging in personal remarks about 
the low fellow who penned the paragraph; but, should he 
find out who was responsible for it, his Christian name will 
surely be what President Murphy's is — Mud. 

THE spectacle of Supervisor Benjamin pursuing the 
manager of the Corbett-Sharkey tight for two days so 
as to procure a few free tickets for that disgusting show 
is hardly edifying. But it speaks volumes for the Super- 
visor's iarge Hebrew hands, and, when the next fight 
comes off, his moral objections can doubtless be squelched 
by half a dozen seats and exclusive rights to the sawdust 
after the battle. 

GENTLEMEN with murderous tendencies should come 
to California. Our population, though by no means 
excessive, is still sufficiently numerous to afford them the 
necessary victims, and our methods of judicial procedure 
will enable them to operate with absolute impunity. Our 
jails are undergoing alterations and repairs, and will soon 
be habitable enough to suit the most fastidious. 

JUDGE Conlan should be promoted to the police force. 
His superior legs are entirely lost in the fulfillment of 
his judicial duties, where, it is said, one's palms are often 
more exercised than one's brains. By capturing the man 
Gordon, however, we fear that the Judge will antagonize 
the licensed peelers, and will, thereby, lose many votes 
when election time comes round. 

CAPTAIN Lees has been complimented by the American 
Bankers' Association upon the conviction of the two 
forgers. If this astute official will now manage to capture 
a few of the murderers at large in this moral city, we shall 
be pleased to do likewise. 

THE prisoners at San Quentiu are complaining because 
they are served with beans twenty times a week. Dry 
bread and water would be the proper fare for these gen- 
tlemen, with regular floggings to warm the food in their 
stomachs for them. 

THE genial Miss Yates has returned to the East. 
When the other Suffragists follow her example the 
Town Crier will willingly chip in a few dollars towards 
their expenses, as walking is undoubtedly bad at this sea- 
son of the year. 

WHY not hang Durrant and the other murderers in our 
jails and let their trials proceed afterwards? There 
is so much good rope in this city that it hurts our heart to 
see it spoil for lack of using. 

THE Rev. A. A. Graves, of Ventura, read a paper be- 
fore the Choctauquans, entitled "'How, Why, and 
What to Read." Needless to say he referred repeatedly 
to the News Letter. 

THE poor farmer who died in the Calvary Presbyterian 
Church last week is being spoken of by the temper- 
ance advocates of other denominations as a victim to the 
unholy Spirit. 

SMOTHER runaway wedding performed outside the 
Golden Gate last week. The father would not supply 
the necessary rocks, so the young couple went to sea to 
find 'em. 

" /^\LD Pard" Bassett, whose lips have long itched 
V_/ for a little silver or gold salve, has started his rav- 
ings again. Will not somebody throw the man a dollar, and 
silence him ? 

TO pastures new our Pastor Brown has flown, 
And with God's help will lead a better life; 
The woman with him is at least his own 

For all we know— because she is his wife. 

THE Rev. Anna Shaw patronizes a man dressmaker. 
No woman could confine that forty-inch waist of hers. 
" GJ*VERY man has a soft spot," said Mayor Sutro the 
!_• other day, rubbing that funny old head of his. 

ONE soldier murdered another at the Presidio last 
week. It's not a bad way of getting rid of 'em. 
ANOTHER policeman dead! There is hope for this city 

July is. 1896. 





IK oomel and 

tbe journalist 
arc alike. The one 
brightens forasborl 
period the dark race 
of the heavens and is 

then swallowed up 
by the night, the other burns a short, bright track across 
his little world, and verv soon passes from the ga/.o of his 
fellows into the restful darkness of the earth's cool bosom. 
While the liery wings of the comet quiver against the 
purpled heavens, men look at it and wonder: hut long ere 
the journalist is ready for the soothing hands that shall 
somewhat console him for his labors, he must be ready to 
stand aside and watch the battle he was once engaged in 
taken up by younger hands, while he in the shadow re- 
mains unnoticed. Life consists of the restless pursuit of 
phantoms, and the journalist is the greatest phantom- 
chaser among men. When he is sincere he finds some con- 
solation in his work: but whether he be sincere or not, ere 
the printer's ink is well dried upou the page, the matter 
he has written may have been read, pondered over, and — 
forgotten. Then he begins over again and the little story 
is repeated. Do people ever consider these things? Do 
they ever think how many an entertaining editorial has 
been penned while the writer suffered from a heartache? 
Do they think of him as one in a great army of workers, 
toiling "night and day for their edification, and condensing 
in those few lines before their eyes the concentrated expe- 
rience of many years? Not often, we fear; were it so, 
appreciation might turn the bitterness from out his heart, 
and the journalist would be a happier man. 

Where, now, are the many men who through long years 
labored for this journal, and whose efforts have helped place 
it upon the pinacle where it stands to-day? A few of them 
have wrested the laurel from the unwilling hands of Life, 
a few have had it bestowed upon them by the more gracious 
hands of Death; but oh! the many who went down to their 
graves unknown, whose very names we know not to-day, and 
are therefore unable to give them the credit they doubtless 
richly deserve. With lutes melodious or unmelodious tbey 
once gave expression to their thoughts, they were num- 
bered among the bright stars of their time, and friends 
pointed to them, saying they would some day surely be 
great. Yet to-day we know them not, and can only offer 
these poor words as a tribute to them — the Unknown 
Dead, and, alas! the Unknown Living. For often, indeed, 
the writer allows the light that is in him to be extinguished 
or dimmed by circumstance, he drops by the. wayside for 
a few short hours, and when he arises the pitiless hand of 
Fate has already pushed another soldier to the front, and 
— his light is as "though it never had been. 

Where will the writers of to-day be when forty weary 
years of change shall have altered this city beyond recog- 
nition? We who are so sure of Life, who hear the clarion 
calling us to the front, and who hope to gain some sign of 
recognition from the world's immobile lips, who are so sure 
of the Dawn that, when on the hilltops, we can hear the 
very whisperings of the angels— shall we not, too, be for- 
gotten and go down to the great halls of the-dead along 
with our older fellows? Even so, and, after all, God knows 

To our dead and living writers we send greeting, and to 
our many friends and readers, thanks for their apprecia- 
tion and sympathy. Howard V. Sutherland. 

Compare Correspondence with Articles. Never 

Will reider incline to dispute these two rales: 
Most persons who write For a journal are clever ; 
Most persons who write To a journal are fools. 
December 13lh, 1862. 


W II AT a fund of romance there is in the history of ;i 
treat hotel. The ooming and going of the world's 

era; the heralded approach ol mind and might, and 
the unchronlcled passage of silent wanderers make up 
the changing record 

The history of the Palace Hotel, San Francisco's great 

est caravansary, would read like a fairy talc. Its name is 
appropriate, and behind it is the setting of massive mag- 
nificence and superlative luxury. The characters would 
cover the entire range of humanity. Royalty incog, and 
royalty with its trains Of attendants have made their tem- 
porary homes in the Palace, and have jostled with the gold 
girded miners from the slopes of the Sierras. "Real live'' 
princesses have here met the admiringand wondering gaze 
of ideal American girls, and returned it with equal wonder 
and admiration. Scientists, diplomats, artists, writers 
and politicians; famous men from every part of the civi- 
lized globe have been a portion of the cosmopolitan com- 
munity, memorable though transient. 

The fame of the Palace is as wide as the fame of San 
Francisco, and its reputation is merited. To speak of its 
accommodations would be like repeating an old story — 
without interest. Its 755 guests' chambers, elegantly 
furnished, with their heating and lighting systems regu- 
lated by the latest appliances, are unsurpassed in the 
land. Its mirrored parlors, spacious corridors, grand 
court, entertainment halls and dining-rooms are perfect 
parts of a complete arrangement. Then there is the won- 
derful plan upon which the hotel is operated; the army of 
servants in every department, trained and acting with 
military precision, producing the results which make hotel 
life a pleasurable possibility. 

The Palace has always been popular at home, and has 
maintained its sway by numerous provisions for the welfare 
of our own people. Its greatest stroke was the inaugur- 
ation of the Ladies' Grill Room. A novelty at first, it 
grew at once into popular favor, and has kept its hold on 
the feminine heart ever since. The joy of ending or inter- 
rupting a shopping tour with a delicious lunch has become 
the feature of a down-town trip. The fashionable set are 
its regular patrons, and it is now the custom among friends 
to meet at the Grill Room by appointment, to plan or re- 
count a day's campaign. The immaculate neatness of the 
place is a matter of wonderment. A chipped bit of china 
or a tarnished piece of silver, by no means uncommon in 
first-class restaurants, are never seen in the Grill Room. 
The attendants are prompt and courteous, and the deli- 
cacies provided are the choicest the market affords. The 
small outlay required for a dainty repast is often an in- 
ducement for ladies whose purses have been depleted by 
the allurements of a bargain counter. A dressing-room, 
with an expert maid in attendance, adjoins the Grill 
Room, and many fair shoppers who have been jostled in 
the crowds repair there to smooth out their disarranged 
frills and replace a refractory curl. 

During the past season tie Palace has had the heaviest 
trade in its history, and the management is now complet- 
ing its preparations to handle the crowd at the coming 

Much of the popularity of the Palace Hotel is due to Mr. 
J. C. Kirkpatii k, the genial manager, who is ever alert to 
the smallest needs of guests. This has teen especially 
appreciated by visitors from abroad, and in return there- 
for, as a means of showing their gratitude, they have so 
advertised tbe Palace to their friends at home that it is 
even better known in London to-day than many of the 
largest hotels of the Continent. The Grill is patronized by 
our leading merchants as is no other place in the city. 
There you will daily meet the influential business men who 
have made San Francisco what it is to-day. Bankers, 
lawyers, doctors, journalists — all will be seen at the little 
tabies, sometimes happy in the company of delightful friends, 
sometimes solitary and alone. The name of the place 
is well chosen. You can see what you want, ask for it, 
and have it. We feel safe in asserting that by the time we 
celebrate our next fortieth anniversary the name and fame 
of the Palace will, if anything, be even greater than it is 
and have it. Such institutions are founded upon rocks (in 
more ways than one), and only grow more popular with time. 



July 18, 1896. 



ININI! law, by reason of its endless complications and 

technicalities, to be mastered, requires an Intellect 

.1. //. Rickettt. 

capable ol e* 1 raordlnary understanding. To successfully 
olve the knotty problems ol litigation based on mineral 
ownership or operations necessitates a thorough knowledge, 
not only ol the whole rani,'!' of civil law, but of geology 
und Its bo relal h e Bolences. 

California presents the most, Important field for the 
praotloe of this branoh of the legal profession, and by rea- 
son of the great interests continually Involved, only those 
praotH tonors who have demonstrated their right to a place 
in the front ranks can Bnd a profitable place in our courts 

One of the ablest authorities In the West on mining law 
1 \ 11 Rlcketts, of this city. The value of the work be 

lias done in I he inlei'esl of ilie miners of California Is in 

estimable. As the representative of the state Miners' 
Association, lie was sent to Washington in behalf of their 
Interests In the then pending Mineral Lands Bill. At- that 
Lime he appeared before President Cleveland and estab- 
lished the precedent of personally pleading a oase to the 
head of the nation He had the honor of being plaoed 
under the President's orders during his stay In the nation's 
capital, and upon ins return home be received an auto 
graph letter from President Cleveland. Had not, the 
Mineral Land BUI been defeated in Congress we would 
have witnessed the fruits of Mr. Rlcketts' able efforts, 
Independent of his work for the Association, be has ecu 
dered valuable service to the miners of the State by ad 
vising them, through the press and otherwise, on Import am 
deolsione and obanges In the laws, affecting their interests. 

In the course of his practice as a lawyer he has sue 

ceeded on several occasions iii establishing points In law 
that had not always been adjudicated u favor of the 
miners. The most celebrated Instance <>f which was the 
oase of Doe vs the Waterloo Mining Company, recently 

decided ley the fulled Stales Court of Appeals foi I 
diet rict . The case was one of the most extensive series of 
mining law suits ever conducted in California, and the Out 

come has enriched mining lav a 1 eatly, 

Attorney Kick. ■( ts conducted t his case for several vears, 
combating some of the most prominent attorneys iii the 

State, and finally overturning a decision of the Supreme 

I 'curt 

Mr. Ricketts once lived on the famous Comstock lode of 
Nevada, and there imbibed the knowledge as well as the 
taste for mining law. He recently wrote a dissertation 
upon "American Mining T;aw," which was published by 
the State Miners' Association, and went through an edi- 
tion of 10,000. The edition is entirely exhausted and a 
copy cannot now Ik- bought. At present he is engaged in 
preparing a more elaborate work on the same subject. It 
will be the lirsl compilation of the code and State pro- 
visions affecting mining law -matter very often called for. 
The book will also contain a full compilation of the federal 
mining law as interpreted by the court in its fullest sense. 
The volu will be published in a short time, and its ap- 
pearance is looked forward to by the members of the legal 

Attorney Rlcketts' practice is confined almost entirely 

to the I I nit i-il States Courts, and seekers for advice are 
constantly present, in his handsome oflice in the Crocker 



FOR more than a quarter of a century, in the early his- 
tory of this city, KJisha Cook held, at the bar, one of 
its most, prominent places; no important criminal ease was 
tried in which he was not employed upon either one side 
or the other. For now nearly a quarter of a century since 

then. Carroll Cook, his eldest, son, has followed his father's 

lo dsleps, and stands to-day in the position for iy tilled 

by his father. Carroll Cook s name is one familiar to all. 
lie is today at the very head of his profession, and 
his services are ever in demand by the oppressed. 

Mr. Cook is now forty two years of age, and lives with 
his charming wife and daughters on the corner of Lark In 

ami Sacramento streets, contented in their company and 

caring but little for society or pleasures away from home. 
It, is rumored, as .lodge Murphy, the reputed muster of 
criminal law now upon the Superior Bench, is about to 
retire, that, Carroll Cook will be named as bis successor. 
Should Mr. Cook accept the office, he will unquestionably 

Carroll Cook. 

till it, to the satisfaction Ol all and add new lustre to a luiiue 
already bright. It would be a lilting climax to a success 
ful career and a benefit to the community, for we venture 
lo say that, with his knowledge of the criminal law. no 
conviction had in his court would have behind it a loop hole 
for an appellate court, to find ground for reversal on. 


1-110 Socialists are lighting again. 


Their Stomaohs are 

July is, 1896. 




W. F. ARAM. 

Jiim<s A. Wvymire, 

JDDGE 1 A Wnymire. one of the leading lawyers of 
this city, has been one of the staunch uphold- 

4 the Re 
publican Party 
since I860, In 
those days he 
was teaching 

school anil 
Btudyiog law at 
the same time. 
He enlisted as a 
private soldier 
in 1861, and 
rapidly rose to 
the front. He 
resigued from 
the army in 
1869, inactivity 
not suiting his 
tempera men t. 
In 187(1 he was 
admitted to the 
bar by the Su- 
preme Court of 
Oregon, and 
commenced to 
practice in Sa- 
lem. In 1871 he 
moved to Sacra- 
mento, and in 
1874 came to 
San Francisco. In 1881 he was appointed to fill a vacancy 
upon the bench of the Superior Court, and, when he re- 
tired at the close of his term, had the universal respect of 
every member of the bar. 

In 1884 the Judge was elected one of the Directors of the 
Veterans' Home, at Yountville, by the Grand Army of the 
Republic. In 1885 he was elected President of the Board, 
and served as such until 1893. Through bis indefatigable 
energy a branch of the National Soldiers' Home was es- 
tablished at Santa Monica, where some two thousand old 
veterans are provided for in their old age. In 1890 Pres- 
ident Harrison appointed the Judge a member of the Board 
of Visitors to West Point. Today he is one of the Regents 
of the University of California, and has done much to fur- 
ther the interests of that great institution. He is also a 
member of George H. Thomas Post, of this city, and a 
companion of California Commandery Loyal Legion. The 
Judge's practice is chiefly confined to civil cases, but has 
extended to nearly all the States of the Union and Mexico. 


ONE of the solid, prosperous financial institutions of 
San Francisco is the California Safe Deposit and Trust 
Company, at the corner of California and Montgomery 
streets. It was incorporated in 1882, and has done a 
banking business ever since. Modest upon its entry into 
the financial world, its progress has been phenomenal. 
To-day it possesses assets amounting to $3,001,900, as well 
as trust assets of over $6,000,000. The institution does a 
regular banking, as well as a trust and safe deposit busi- 
ness. Its safe deposit vaults are equal to the largest 
in the country, and their convenience for patrons is unsur- 
passed. The company has paid regular dividends to the 
stockholders since its incorporation, and is now in a most 
flourishing condition. Its magnificent building, recently re- 
constructed at a cost of almost $200,000, is one of the model 
buildings of San Francisco, and overninety per cent, of its 
rooms are rented. 

WITH a series of successes in the interior counties of 
the Slate. \V. F. Aram comes to Sun Francisco with 
an unimpeachable and enviable record, to continue 1 lie 
practice of law. Though born in Licking County. Ohio. 
Mr Aram lias been a resident of California since 1852, In 
that year, with his parents, he settled in Santa Clara 
County. He pursued his studies there, and in the latter 
part of the Ws entered the offices of the Hon. Lawrence 
Archer to read law under that distinguished jurists 
tutelage. In ISC!) he was admitted to the bar, and since 
that time has practiced in several sections of the State up 
to six years ago, when he settled in Oakland and took a 
prominent stand among the attorneys of our neighboring 

Mr. Aram is familiar with all branches of the law, but 
has particularly studied the intricate mining laws of our 
code. Since his residence in Oakland he has gained con- 
siderable prominence in criminal law, and has been en- 
gaged as leading counsel in several notable cases. 

In January, 1893, Mr. Aram was married to Mrs. Marie 
E. Dalrymple, a well-known society lady of Santa Rosa. 
Mrs. Aram is a native of Medford, Massachusetts, and is 
justly proud of her Revolutionary stock. Her ancestors 
took an active part in our struggle for freedom. 

Mr. Aram speaks modestly of his many legal victories, 
and seems to love his profession above everything else in 
life. He is a hard student, and to use his own language, 
"has come to San Francisco to gain a foothold in his pro- 
fession here, as a metropolitan city is the only place for 

The Monroe Doctrine. — On the 19th inst., a resolution 
was offered in the Senate of the United States, to the ef- 
fect that, in view of the proceedings of the French in Mex- 
ico, it is the duty of the Government to enforce the Monroe 
Doctrine. There is but one step, it is said, from the 
sublime to the ridiculous. This resolution forcibly suggests 
two things: an old fable and an old proverb — the fable of 
the dog in the manger, and the old saying that, "A ruling 
passion is strong in death! " — January 24, 1863. 

W. F. Aram. 
an ambitious lawyer, who is honest and painstaking, and 
anxious to serve his clients above every other interest." 

Mr. Aram has fitted up handsome offices in the Parrott 
building on the fifth floor, entrance number 581. He 
has several clerks, and will always receive his old friends 
with the same geniality and courtesy which has always 
been characteristic of the gentleman. 

Storage For Valuables. 
During the summer months the CALIFORNIA SAFE DEPOSIT 
AND TRUST COMPANY receives on storage at low rates in its fire 
anil burglar-proof vaults silverware, furs and valuable property of 
every description. It also rents steel boxes at from $5 to $150 per 
annum. Conveniences for its patrons are unsurpassed. Office 
hours, 8 to 6 daily. Corner Montgomery and California Streets. 






Now in Progress. 

Preparatory to stock-taking and to 
make room for Immense Fall Im- 
portations, ALL SPRING AND 
SUMMER GOODS of every de- 
scription, including even THE 
Etc., are being cleared out at 

from Original 


mOCr Ladies' Undiessed Kid Gloves, 8-button I n* /LCf Ladies 5-Button Kid Gloves, in dark and 
C/ClU. length, tan and mode shades, worth $1, Ml) UCll). medium tan shades, worth $1, will be 
will be closed out at 35c. a pair. closed out at 65c. a pair. 

m£Cp Ladies' 4-Button Kid Gloves, in white, 11+ ^Cf Ladies' 4-Button English Walking Kid 
Utll). with black embroidered back, worth $1, 111) I 0\J, Gloves, embroidered back, all colors and 
will be closed out at 65c. a pair. black, worth $1.25, will be closed out at 7£C a pair. 


100 pieces Fancy Firjured Taffeta Silks, 

Marked down from $1 to 


40lh_Anmvtrs«ry Numb«r 



WELL HOOKED. From original drawing t>y B. F. Zogbaum. 

-STATE... *) 

From Christmas Number 1861. 

July 1 8. 1896. 



Key to Distinguished Californians "At the Play. 

I T II Goodman Grn Pass Ag't C P R R 103 

B Williams Ak'i I* M 8 8 Co •10B 

Prae't W !' .V Co'a Bank "101 

I J II Hagem Capitalist 105 

iiiian Merchant A Capitalist •!"•; 

• • DO Mi: - Capitalist 107 

7 Wm Alvonl Pres Hank ol inltlurnni I0H 

- Chas Webb Howard Pn S \ W W 108 

nahuc .Pres .-1 A N I' K R II" 

"1" Win Sharon Ca| iialisl III 

•11 J W Coleman Capitalist A stk Hrkr 112 

15 J W Markiiy Bonanza King US 
13 James K Keene Capitalist ill 

•II Hon A A Pan-cut 1 S Senator US 

18 Hon John P Jonet I .-senator •mi 

16 Cant 11 Eldrldge Merchant a Capitalist 11: 

17 J J Valentine lien 'I Sunt W I' A Oo II- 
1- Wm B rarr Capitalist 119 
in Win f Babcock Merchant A Capitalist 120 

••JO John Parrott Capitalist *12l 

.'1 Thos Brown Cashier Bank nf Ual 122 

•22 Pedar Sather Hanker ; 123 

•23 Joseph A Donohoe Bauker 121 

•21 Hon Wm Irwin Governor of Cal *125 

•SS Hon A J Brvant Mavor of S F 126 
•SB BC Fellows Ass't lien Sttp't C P R II ! »127 

27 E .1 Baldwin Capitalist "128 

28 A P Hotaling Merchant 129 
•29 J H Redington Pres Redton Mn'g Co *130 
31) Chas Main Main A: Winchester, lmptrs 131 

•31 Hon Newton Booth I'S Senator *132 

32 Sir Clans Spreckels Pres Cal Sugar Ret 133 

•33 Rt Rev Wm I Kip. Bishop Diocese Cal *134 

34 Rev H Stebbins. . Pastor 1st Unit'n Ch 135 

■ .;". 1 harles Lux. Landowner 136 

3ii Henrv Miller Landowner 137 

37 E D fleaily Dickon, DeWolf & Co 138 

3- 1 T Enimett Attornev-al-Law 139 

•39 Thomas Bell Capitalist 140 

•40 Hon Delos Lake Attorney-at-Law 141 

•41 Hon S M Wilson Attorney-at-Law 142 

42 Hon W H L Barnes Attorney-at-Law *143 

♦43 J P Hoge ArrorneV-at-Law 144 

•44 Hon Wm M Gwin EjDS Senator »145 

45 Hon A Louderback .Judge P'lee Court 146 

•46 Hon R K Morrison .Judge 4ih D Court *147 

♦47 F Marriott Prop 8F News Letter 148 

•48 C I Hutchinson. . H & M Ins Agency 149 

49 A S Hallidie Manf Wire Rope *15ll 

*50 J ohn Bensley Capitalist *151 

•51 AW Scott Supervisor *152 

52 Adam Grant . M, G & Co, Drv Goods 153 

•53 D J Oliver Capitalist 154 

54 Wm Line Booker British Consul 155 

55 Rev John Hemphill Pastor Calvary Ch *156 

•56 James Pha-lan Capitalist 157 

•57 Thomas H Blythe Capitalist *158 

♦58 F W Macondray Com Merchant 159 

•59 Tiburcio Parroit . .Cum Merchant 160 

•60 Edward Cahill Slock Broker 161 

61 Siewart Menzies Stevedore 162 

*02 Edward F Hall Stock Broker 163 

•63 Hall McAllister Attorney-at-Law 164 

64 Reuben Lloyd Attorney-at-Law 165 

65 Hon Cornelius Cole. . . Ex U S Senator *166 

66 Frank McCoppin Harbor Com 'snr 167 

•67 Hon S B McKee. . Judge 3rd D Court 168 

*68 Hon J S Hager Attornev-at-Law 169 

*69 Hon LSawver Judge|3rd'D Court *170 

70 A W Von Schmidt Civil Engineer 171 

71 J F Hough'on .Pres Home Mutual Ins *172 
•72 Fred'k McCrellish Proprietor Alta *173 

73 John P Jackson Proprietor Post 174 

•74 Milton S Latham . . . Pres N P C R R Co '175 

75 R G Sneath. Prop Jersey Farm Dairy 176 

76 Thomas Acheson .Supervisor *177 

•77 Com Theo H Allen Stevedore 178 

•78 Wm Norris Secy S V W W *179 

79 James Adams Ex-Sheriff 180 

•80 P H Canavan Real Estate Ag-nt 181 

81 Richard L Ogden Capitalist *182 

•82 Wm M Lent Capitalist 183 

•83 Philin Roach Proprietor Examiner *184 

84 D J Murpbv District Attorney *185 

•85 Charles Keating. . .Supt Alms House *186 

86 Thomas Reynolds County Clerk 187 

87 Wm Doolan Public Administrator *188 

•88 HonT WFreelon. Judge M C't of Ap'ls *189 

•89 Hon S W Dwindle Judge 15th D Court *190 

90 J A Robinson . . Dep Surveyor-General »191 

91 Theo Wagner. ...US Survevor-General *192 

92 Hon J T Farley US Senator *193 

93 Charles N Fox Attorney-at-Law *194 

94 G H Gray . . . Late Surveyor of Customs *195 

95 Henry E Highton Attorney-at-Law 196 

96 Romiialdo Pacheco Stock Broker 197 

97 Jasper McDonald Stock Broker 198 

98 Mark L McDonald Stock Broker *199 

99 E Grisar. Belgian Consul & Wool Mcht »200 

100 A Colman Clothier "201 

101 C A C Duisenberg Com Merchant I 202 

Arpa.l Hara/lhy Wim- (Jrower 

Rev II Vuiaver Rabbi 

K.-v A LStone. Pastor UtCongl burch 
l;<v W K Ij.ini-. Pastor Green-si CCh 
Rev 1 s Kmllocfa Paator Met Temple 
Ke? Wm H Piatt Senior Grace E Ch 
Henrv I. Hodge Supt 1 S Mint 

.1 II Jonet stork Broker 

Horace Hill stork Broker 

II II Noble Stock Broker 

.lames F Oarson. Attorney-at-Law 

.1 B Metcalfe Attorney-at-Law 

Thomas P Ryan. . Attorney-at-Law 
Hon A C Niles .Associate .Ills S Court 
Judges Heydenfelt 
.las M liitcbell Register in Bankruptcy 
C Warren Stoddard Journalist 

Chas de Young Prop S F Chronicle 
M H de Young ,l'ro|i s F chronicle 
L Pickering Prop S F Call St, Bulletin 
Henry F Williams . Real Estate Agent 

Henry L Davis. Capitalist 

Eugene L Sullivan Capitalist 

Fred C Castle Importer Teas 

M H Hecht M'fr and Leather Dealer 

.1 as .1 Waddell Captain 

II R Nuttall Physician 

Gen Scofield U SA 

Gen H A Cobb Auctioneer 

Gen James Coey Postmaster S F 

Gen John McComb Editor Alta 

Wm P Humphreys. City & Co Surveyor 
Chas Hubert. . . .City and Co Treasurer 

.1 Henley Smith Supervisor 

D A McDonald Enterprise Mills 

A L Mann Supt Public Instruction 

Thomas Flint Wool Merchant 

M Castle Capitalist 

W W Dodge Wholesale Grocer 

F B Taylor . . Oil and Com Merchant 
Geo H Bryant. N &Co, Bags & Bagging 

W N Olmsted Insurance Agent 

E N Fry Stock Broker 

Donald McLellan M'ngr Woollen Mills 

M G Pritchard Mexican Consul 

F A Bee ChineseConsul 

A Berggren. .Consul Sweden & Norway 

Col Geo W Granniss Real Estate 

S P Dewey Capitalist 

James White Ex M P, Brighton, Eng 
Charles Kohler ........... Wine Grower 

Robt Dickson .... Manager Ins Agency 

Capt Geo Naunton . . Shipping Agent 

Hon M M Estee Atiomey-at-Law 

Jennings S Cox Real Estate Agent 

H B Piatt Contractor 

Geo Lette. . .Sec'v German 8av & Loan 

Hon Geo C Perkins G P & Co's S S 

Gen G H La Grange. Ex-Supt U S Mint 

R Beverly Cole Physician 

Thomas Price Assayer 

George J Bncknall. . Physician 

Hon E D Wheeler Judge 19th D Court 
David P Belknap... .Attorney-at-Law 

Henry Casanova Wholesale Grocer 

James G Gauld L&SF Bank 

T V Waller L & S F Bank 

E Mickle Agent 

P M Bowen Capitalist 

E M Miles Stock Broker 

Samuel Brannan Real Estate 

John Scott Physician 

George T Bromley Contractor 

P J Cassin. . . . Wholesale Liquor Dealer 

Henry Marsh Pianist 

Thomas Bennett Physician 

Geo Wallace Pres Cal M'fg Co 

Frank M Pixley Attorney-at-Law 

J S Cunningham U S N Paymaster 

J M McDonald. Vice Pres Pacific Bank 

Alex Campbell Attorney-at-Law 

Col Oscar Woodhams. 1st Infantry Reg 

J ohn V Plume Banker 

Edward Curtis Litterateur 

Hon James \ Johnson .Lieut-Governor 

Thomas P Ryan Attorney-at-Law 

Charles G Toland Physician 

Fred M Somers Journalist 

T Mills, D D Mills' Seminary 

Wm Harney Notary Public 

Jonas J. Morrison Lumber Dealer 

L. L. Bullock Real Estate 

Charles Clayton Grain Merchant 

C. V. D. Hubbard Mining Sec'r'y 

H H Bancroft. Historian & Bookseller 

Mrs H H Bancroft 

Mrs A N Towne 

AN. Towne Gen Supt. C PRR 

Mrs James G Fair 

James G. Fair Bonanza King 

Miss Jennie Flood 

Ira J. C. Flood 
•2o| .1 U Flood Bonanza King 

■205 Leland Stanford. ,lr 
•200 Hon. Leland Btanfard Prea'l CPU R 

207 Mrs l.i'iunii Stanford 

■208 Mrs Hark Hopkins 

•208 Mrs Charles Crocker 

•21" Charles Crocker... Vice-Prcs't (' P R R 

211 Miss Hattie Crocker 

212 Mrs A MaddiOk of London 

213 Alfred Maddick of London 

•21 1 Smart M Taylor City & C'ty Recorder 

21--' E W Burr ...... Capitalist 

■216 J Palmer Winetlrower 

217 Mrs .1 Palmer 

■218 Hon. J C Fremont, tiov'nor of Arizona 

218 Mrs J Benton Fremont 

"220 Mrs O C Pratt 

•221 Howard Coit Caller S. P. Stock Board 

222 Mrs Lillie Coit 

223 Alex Badlam City and Co Assessor 

224 Mrs Alex Badlam 

•226 Mrs Joseph Austin 

226 Joseph Austin Port Warden 

227 D J Staples. Pres't Fireman's Fund Ins 
•228 Mrs D J Staples 

229 Mrs D Z Yost 

•230 Daniel Z Yost Stock Broker 

•231 Miss Cora Caduc 

232 Philip Caduc Contractor 

233 Mrs John D Yost 

•234 John D Yost Stationer 

235 Miss Julia Ruth Sbafter 

•236 Hon J McMShafter Landowner 

237 M rs Joseph W Winans 

•238 Hon. Joseph W. Winans Attorney 

239 George Gedge . . .Capt stmr "Yosemite" 

240 Mrs George Gedge 

*241 Rev Wm A Scott, D D Pastor St 

John's Pres Church 

242 Miss Ida Scoofly 

•243 George B Rieman Photographer 

244 Mrs George B Rieman 

245 H S. Crocker Wholesale Stationer 

•246 T A H arcourt Litterateur 

247 Mrs T A Harcourt 

248 John Landers Mining Secretary 

249 Mrs John Landers 

250 Frank C. Snow Dealer in Pictures 

251 G G Gariboldi Artist 

•252 A B Slaven Druggist 

•253 Mrs J H Stallard 

254 J H Siallard Physician 

255 Drury Malone Commission Broker 

256 Mrs. Drury Malone 

*257 RB Woodward . . Prop Woodward's Gar. 

258 Mrs WF. McAllister..: 

259 W F McAllister, M D . Quar'tine Officer 

260 Henry R Mann H & M Ins Agency 

261 Mrs William Ward 

262 William Ward Importer Liquors 

•263 H Channing Beals. Comm'cial Herald 

264 Augustus Laver. .Arch't New City Hall 

265 Frank H Gassaway Journalist 

266 Louis Low Secretary 

267 L S Church Land Owner 

268 Mrs LS Church 

269 Raoul Martinez. . Belloc & Co.'s Bank 
•270 M J Flavin. Prop'r IX L Auction House 

271 E Curtiss C C & Welch, Stationers 

272 Wm M Neilson . Journalist 

•273 O Livermore Real Estate Agent 

274 Col A Andrews. Prop'r Diamond Palace 

275 Charles Locke . . Prop'r Bush St Theatre 
•276 Thomas Maguire. . .Manager Baldwin's 

277 Barton Hill Actor 

278 Alex D Sharon . . Lessee Palace Hotel 

279 Prank G Newlands... Attornev-at-Law 
•280 Wm Willis Mining Secretary 

281 J B Wattles Stock Brokar 

282 D Albert Hiller Physican 

283 George Dawson Prop'r "Pantheon" 

284 Mrs George Dawson 

285 Gen W S Rosecrans. .Min. & Civil Eng. 
•286 A A Cohen. . . .Cap't'list and Attorney 

287 J Barr Robertson of London 

288 Edw J Jackson Cor London Times 

289 M G Gillette ... Supt Sav. Min. Co. Vir. 

290 Dr A McMahon of San Jose 

291 E C McFarlane Stock Broker 

292 George McFarlane . Sandwich Islands 

•293 John Jennings Warehouseman 

•294 J J Bleasdale, DD Analyst 

•295 Arthur Nahl Artist 

•296 Judge J C Pennie Justice of Peace 

•297 Charles Mason British Vice Consul 

•298 P B Kennedy Importer Dry Goods 

•299 Charles Kaeding Importer of Guns 

• Dead. 

4Cth Anniversary Number. 

S. F. News Letter, July 18, 1896. 







mMI I 









July 18, 1896. 

THE BLOODY SEAL; or, the Red Black Hand of Vengeance. 


t^ARLY one lovely evening in the autumn of '64, a pale 
!_• girl stood singing Methodist hymns at the summit of 
Bush-street hill. She was attired, Spanish fashion, in a 
loose overcoat and slippers. Suddenly she broke off her 
song, and as the words, "Stand dressed in living green," 
went echoing down the lanes and alleys, and knocking up 
against the dead walls, a dark-browed young soldier from 
the Presidio cautiously approached, and seizing her fondly 
in his arms, snatched away the overcoat, and ran with it 
to an auction house on Pacific street, where it may still be 
seen by the benighted traveler, just a-going for two-and-a 
half — and never gone! The poor maiden, after this mis- 
fortune, felt a bitter resentment swelling in her heart, and 
scorning to remain among her kind in that costume, took 
her way to the Cliff House, where she arrived, worn and 
weary, about breakfast time. Captain Foster received 
her kindly, and offered her a pair of his best pantaloons; 
but she was of noble blood, and having been reared in lux- 
ury, respectfully declined to receive charity from a low- 
born stranger. All efforts to induce her to eat were 
equally unavailing. She would stand for hours on the 
rocks where the road descends to the beach, and gaze at 
the playful seals in the surf below, who seemed rather 
flattered by her attention, and would swim about, singing 
their sweetest songs to her aloDe. Passers-by were 
equally curious as to her, but a broken lyre gives forth no 
music, and her heart responded not with any more long- 
meter hymns. After a few weeks of this solitary life, she 
was suddenly missed. At the same time a strange seal 
was noted among the rest. She was remarkable for 
being always clad in an overcoat, which she had doubtless 
fished up from the wreck of the French galleon Brignar- 
dello, which went ashore there some years afterward. 
One tempestuous night, an old hag. who had long 
resided as a hermitess on Helmet Rock, came into 
the barroom at the Cliff House, and there, amidst 
the crushing thunders and lightnings spilling all over 
the horizon, she related that she had seen a young 
the pinnacle of Seal Rock, and had distinctly heard 
seal in a comfortable overcoat, sitting pensively upon 
the familiar words of a Methodist hymn. Upon inquiry, 
the tale was discovered to be founded upon fact — it was in 
truth founded upon a rock. The identity of this seal could 
no longer be denied without downright blasphemy, and in 
all the old chronicles of that period not a doubt is even im- 
plied. One day a handsome, dark, young Lieutenant of 
Infantry, Don Edmundo by name, came out to the Cliff 
House to celebrate his recent promotion. While standing 
upon the verge of the cliff with his friends all about him, 
Lady Celia, as visitors had christened her, came swimming 
below him, and taking off her overcoat, laid it upon a rock. 
She then turned up her fascinating eyes and sang a Meth- 
odist hymn. No sooner did the brave Don Edmundo hear 
it, than he tore off his gorgeous clothes, and cast himself 
headlong in the billows. Lady Celia caught him dextrously 
by the waist in her mouth, and, swimming to the outer 
rock, sat up and softly bit him in two. She then laid the 
pieces tenderly in a conspicuous place, put on her over- 
coat, and plunging into the waters was never seen more. 
Many are the wild fabrications of the poets about her sub- 
sequent career, but to this day nothing authentic has 
turned up. For some months strenuous efforts were made 
to recover the wicked Lieutenant's body. Every modern 
appliance which genius could invent, and skill could wield, 
was put in requisition; until one night, Captain Foster 
fearing the constant efforts might frighten away the seals, 
had the remains quietly removed and secretlv interred. — 
June 26, 1869. 


THE snow was sifting thickly upon the summit of Monte 
Diablo, within fifty miles of the great city, and would 
have been plainly visible but for the darkness, yet a little 
California girl stood bare-legged upon the pavement, gaz- 
ing wistfully into the brilliant windows of the toy shops 
and wishing she had a cigar. From the dazzling mansion 
of a wealthy banker streamed rays of warm light, inter- 
twisted with sounds of revelry. The old gentleman was 
drunk again. To-morrow would be Christmas, and even 
then the sextons were taking in toddy preparatory to 
ringing the Angelus. The shivering virgin — she was only 
eight years old — stood on one leg, as every one has seen 
chickens do in cold weather, and thought. She stood on 
the other leg and meditated. Sheleaned against a hydrant 
and reflected. She was wishing she had a stocking to hang 
upon the stars — a pretty conceit, a very maidenly idea. 
Suddenly a church bell boomed out, jarring the creamy 
moonlight and shivering the starlit atmosphere into flinders. 
It startled this young girl — rather. She got away from 
that cold hydrant with a jerk that left a large section of 
her hide pasted upon its frosty surface. Instantly there 
were ten thousand bells all going at once; it was the mys- 
tic and solemn hour of midnight. The little wanderer did 
not know what to make of it, and hoped there was a fire. 
She was bitterly undeceived when she saw the heavens 
open and a band of angels descending upon earth, singing, 
with a slight Jewish accent: "Peace on earth and good 
will toward men! " The poor child marveled. She asked: 
" What's up ? " " Spades," was the reply of an irreverent 
gambler passing by. The angels came down, and the 
brightest one among them went for that homeless orphan, 
kicking a warmly-clad little boy into the middle of the hol- 
iday week for getting in the way. Taking a loaf of bread 
and a ham from a market-basket upon his arm, the good 
angel cast them at the feet of the little child. His reful- 
gent companions crowded about and did likewise. They 
piled the pavement with great sides of bacon, massive legs 
of mutton, boxes of crackers, pungent mackerel, ponder- 
ous cheeses, corpulent turkeys, and carcases of cows. You 
never saw such a lot of stuff! Bags of wheat fell from the 
stars, potatoes rained from the moon, hogsheads of sugar 
dropped from the firmament, and, long after her young 
life had fled from the mangled remains of this small infant, 
the heavens continued to sprinkle crates of crockery and 
assorted kitchen utensils. When the Christmas sun rose 
gaily from the hills back of Oakland, there wasn't anything 
to be seen for three blocks on Montgomery street but mis- 
cellaneous commissary stores; but, before noon, they had all 
been stolen by a pampered police. To this day the spot is 
pointed out to the traveler where the moon shed potatoes. 
O, potatoes! O moon! — December 24, 1870. 


Translated foe "Fun" from the Persian by Dod Grile. 

ONE day the King of the Wrens held his court for the 
trial of a bear, who was at large upon his own recog- 
nizance. Being summoned to appear, the animal came 
with great humility into the royal presence. 

"What have you to say, sir," demanded the King, "in 
defense of your inexcusable conduct in pillaging the nests 
of our loyal subjects wherever you can find them?" 

"May it please your Majesty," replied the prisoner, 
with a reverential gesture, repeated at intervals, and each 
time at a less distance from the royal person, "I will not 
wound your Majesty's sensibilities by pleading a love of 
eggs; I will humbly confess my course of crime, warn your 
Majesty of its probable continuance, and beg your Majesty's 
gracious permission to inquire — What is your Majesty 
going to do about it?" 

The King and his Ministers were very much struck with 

July 18, 1896. 




THE Stock tonitish bosh that nowadays is published in 
the way of ballad literature is really of so senseless 
and lunatic a character that one would think the scribes 
who write it were not clothed in their right mind, but 
were one and all invested in straight waistcoats. Any 
stuff that has a metre, and occasionally rhymes, no matter 
how devoid of reason it may be, is deemed worthy to be 
dubbed a sentimental ballad; and we are sure the 
sample following, if only set to music by some popular com- 
poser, and sung at a few concerts by some of our first 
singers, would soon be warbled in our drawing-rooms and 
whistled in the streets. 

Gaily the Tiger-cat tuned his guitar. 
Serenading the magpie with feathers and tar; 
Sweetly he sneezed at her, sourly he sighed, 
" Lady bird, lady bird, wilt be my bride ! '" 

She for the Elephant sadly bad pined, 
Ate but an ox, and then vowed she had diced ; 
Carried his photograph close to her heart, 
Wrapped up in lobsters, bank notes and plum tart. 

At midnight, the rivals they met in the whale, 
And fought by the light of the grasshopper's tail ; 
The Elephant stood on his trunk to take breath, 
And the Tiger-cat cozily hugged him to death. 

Then with a cabbage-stalk boldly he wrote, 
"Come, love, and tread on the tail of my coat ; 
See thy own Crocodile whistling for thee." 
He groaned, gave a gurgle, and a cold corse was he ! 
February 8th, 1862. 

this.rpspectful speech, with the ingenuity d tin- Si 
<|uiry. and with the bear > paw It «u tin- paw. how- 
which ma»it- the imvst luting Imprest 
Always pive ear to the flutterv of your powerful in- 
feriors, it will cheer you in your decline. 


A man who was very much annoyed by the Incursions of 
a lean ass belonging to his neighbor, resolved to oompaas 
the destruction of the invader 

•v. said he. "if this animal shall choose to starve 
himself to death in the midst of plenty, the law will not 
hold in- EUllty of his blood. I have read of a trick which 1 
think will fix' him." 

So hf took two bales of his best hay. ami placed them in 
a distant field, about forty cubits apart. By means of a 
little salt he then enticed the ass to break in. and coaxed 
him between the bundles. 

■There, fiend!" said he. with a diabolic grin, as he re- 
paired the broken fence and walked away, delighted with 
the success of his stratagem, "now hesitate which bundle 
of hay to attack first, until you starve — monster!" 

Some weeks afterwards he returned with a wagon to 
convey back the bundles of hay. There wasn't any hay, 
but the wagon was useful for returning to his owner that 
unfortunate ass — who was too fat to walk. 

This ought to show any one the folly of relying upon the 
teachings of obscure and inferior authors. 

A philosopher looking up from the pages of the Zend- 
Avesta, upon which he had been centering his soul, beheld 
a pig violently assailing a cauldron of cold slops. 

"Heaven bless us!" said the sage; "forunalioyed delight 
give me a gord honest article of Sensuality. So soon as 
my 'Essay upon the Correlation of Mind-forces' shall have 
brought me fame and fortune, I hope to adjure the higher 
faculties, devoting the remainder of my life to the cultiva- 
tion of the propensities.'' 

"Al'ah be praised!" soliloquized the pig, "there is noth- 
ing so god-like as Intellect, and nothing so ecstatic as in- 
tellectual pursuits. I must hasten to perform this gross 
material function, that I may retire to my wallow and re- 
sign my soul to philosophical meditation." 

This tale has one moral if you are a philosopher, and 
another if you are a pig. — December 28, 1872. 


When yon 

Buy a Wheel 


Sub-Treasurer Cheeseman's Last Joke. — "Why are 
Greenbacks like the Hebrews ? D'ye give it up ? Because 
they are the issue of Abraham, and know* not their Re- 
deemer 1 — February 14, 1863. 

Buy DBA with a HKPU- 
T AT Ion— -one that won't 
ilowo when you'ro 
ten mlteH from home. 

Don't lean to "fads"; 
thev an 001 Mii.sifiutiol. 
been on ttic market live 
yean W« guarantee it 
tor one year, and also 
GUARAHTU OUR tiukn for the same period. Replacements made at our 
office in San KitANciaco. The STERLING costs ilOO. If you want to 
know more about it. send for our art catalogue, mailed free to any address, 
and you will buy tii<- 


Address STERLING CYCLE WORKS, 314 Post St., S. F„ Cal. 

Wm. V. Bryan, Manager Pacific Coast Branch. 

TRINITY ^GHOftl Prepares for college and university; 

lllllll I / OUIlUOL, accredited school with University of 

For YounfJ Men California and Leland Stanford Jr. TJni- 

^ versity. Christmas season opens 

and ? oys ' Mondaij, August 3. 1896. 

3300 Washington Street, dr. e. b. spalding - - Kector. 

Gomel Oolong. 

The oldest and most reliable brand on the 
market. Sold only in 1-3 pound papers at 
20 cents per paper. All grocers keep it. 

Gltu Street Improvement. 60., 

Rooms, 11 and 45, Fifth Floor, Mills Building. 
Telephone, Main 5377. 
Sacramento Office, 411 d St. 


H Dutard, C. B. Stone, T. B. Bishop, J. W. McDonald, 
W. E. Dennison. J. W. McDonald, President; W. E. Dennison, 
Secretary; Col J. H. Mendell, Corps of Engineers, U. S. A., (Retired) 
Consulting Engineer. 

Proprietors Santa Cruz, Cal., and King City, Monterey Co. 


Contractors for ail kinds of street work, bridges, and rail- 
way construction, wharves, jetties, and sea walls. 


"Gold Seal" 

The Best Made. 


Excellent Quality. 

"Gonquerer" I 

Pine Quality. 


Pioneer " 

Medium Quality. 


Fair Quality. 


Cotton Hose. 

" Neptune " 

Good Quality. * * « ' Cotton Hose. 

Rubber-Lined COTTON Hose "Eureka" Brand, Best Quality. 


»T , nUDDCn ^ U, i Vice-Pres. and Manager 

577 and 579 MARKET ST., S. F. 





I BASTES again lo your irnn. mjr yue»n. 
Your Mlln-soft «rm.« thai »r* templing and wliil*; 
I am weary and worn 
And my heartstrings air torn 
By tor wrack of toe day. and the (ears of the night. 
And the thunders that silence vain prayers, o my tjueen. 

Qaap me close to your passionate breast, my t^ueen ; 
The demons of hell have re-conquered my heart. 
And I fain would abide 
For a while by your *ide 
That your glances may soothe me and lighten the smart 
Of toe rirulent wounds that ne'e' heal, i> my (jueen. 

In the tremulous light of your eyes, limy tjueen. 
There is terrible madness — twin sister to love ; 
In the curve of your hips 
And the glow of your lips 
There is that which might tempt the best angel above 
To barter his pleasure for mine. O my tjueen. 

My legeud is written in tears, my Queen ; 

The book it is closed, and none ever will learn 
How a dream-tortured gloom 
Robbed my youth of its bloom, 
And blighted my brain with the fancies that burn 
I'ntil reason is hurled from its throne, O my Queen. 

I have loved, I have lost. Now I come, my Queen, 

To your welcoming arms that have clasped me before; 
To breathe in your breath 
Till the gray hands of Death 
Shall lead me away from the heat and the roar 
Of the farce men call Life. my love, Absinlhinel 

— Howard V. Sutherland. 


Phenomenal Growth of J. 

O'Brien & Co. 's Dry Good's 


A REVIEW of the News Letter's growth would be in- 
complete without some mention of the merchants 
whose liberal advertising patronage has contributed so 
much toward its success, and foremost among these is the 
well-known dry goods firm of J. J. O'Brien & Co. 

Standing as it does at the head of the retail dry goods 
and cloak trade of the coast, it is interesting to trace the 
steps by which this great firm has attained its present 
prominence. It was founded about 28 years ago by J. J. 
O'Brien, the present head of the firm, who commenced 
business in a small store on Third street and there laid the 
foundation for the immense business which he now directs. 

Under Mr. O'Brien's skillful management, trade rapidly 
increased and his quarters becoming too limited he secured 
a larger store on .Market street opposite the Palace 
Hotel. The continuous steady growth of the business 
soon necessitated a still further enlargement and the 
stock was moved to the "Arcade" adjoining the Baldwin 
hotel. Trade, however, continued to increase until in 1885 
it attained such mammoth proportions that another move 
to still larger and more commodious quarters became im- 
perative and upon the completion of the Murphy Building 
at the Junction of Market, Jones and McAllister streets, 
Mr. O'Brien secured the magnificent premises which he 
now occupies and of which an exterior view is given on 
another page. 

Here is conducted a business which gives employment 
to upwards of three hundred people and which in connec- 
tion with a large and equally successful branch store es- 
tablished in Los Angeles about two years since, controls 
not only the bulk of the local trade of the two cities but al- 
so, through their country order departments, transact a 
business whose ramifications extend to every town and 
hamlet on the entire Pacific Slope as well as to Alaska 
and British America on the North, Mexico and Central 
America on the South and the Hawaiian and other Islands 
of the Pacific on the West. 

The unparalleled success of this great firm is a fitting 
tribute to its perfect system of conducting business and is 
an interesting object lesson to the rising generation as to 
what can be accomplished by indomitable energy, when 
coupled with strict integrity and sound business principles. 

'Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup" for your 

Mothers, be sure and use 
children while teething 

Yale Mixture 

- f Vrfc could nol^ 

/ inprovo tho qualilw 

i( paid double I 

the price," {| 

I Post Paid 25C U $ 





s.J . J i? <^^^r^<- 

A gentleman's smoke 

James G. Steele & Go., 

DruQQists. Chemists. 

Proprietors of Steele's Pro- 
prietary Preparations. 

Physicians' Prescriptions 
compounded with care and 
635 Market St., Palace Hotel, 

San Francisco, Cal. 

Vichy Springs.. 

Mendocino Gountij, Cal. 

3 Miles from Ukiah, 
The Terminus of the 
S. F. & N. P. Railway. 

The ODly place in the world of this class of waters, where the 
bath tubs are supplied with a continuous flow of Natural Warm 
Water, direct from the springs. Situation, location, and scen- 
ery not surpassed The only place in the United States where 
"Vichy Water is abundant. The only 

Natural Electric Waters, Champagne Baths, 
Springs Numerous, Baths Unequaled. 

Adolph Nordman. 

Harry Nordman. 

Standard Optical Go. 


Manufacturers and 
Importers of 

121 POST STREET, S. F. Second Floor 

All hinds of complicated lenses ground to order. 

Glasses scientifically adjusted and defective sight 

properly corrected. 

Oculists' prescriptions carefully attended to. 

THOS PRIGF ft SON Tbos. Price. Arthur F. Price 


524 Sacramento St., S. F. 



July 18, 1896. 


A Book One of the most instructive books ever 
of written on the question of Capital and 

The Week.* Labor was Mr. W. H. Mallock's "Labor 
and Popular Welfare." It is a book that 
should be studied by every labor leader in the land, lor its 
exposition of one phase of this subject is the most cogent, 
detailed and best fortified yet published. It undertakes to 
show the enormous additions which mind, as distinguished 
from manual labor, has made to the wealth of the world, 
and that the genius of invention and the product of the 
brain cannot be left out of the count when we strike a bal- 
ance between Capital and Labor. It is now some time 
since this book was published, but it still retains its place 
among the foremost works of its kind ever issued from the 
press. It established Mr. Mallock's reputation as a 
thinker, and if for no other reason than this alone another 
book from his- pen, "On Wealth, Wages and Welfare in the 
United Kingdom," is sure to win wide publicity from the 
student of "the dismal science" of political economy. Itis 
a small book but we recommend it to the Socialist, the 
labor agitator, the trades unionist, as well as to the cap- 
italist and the brain worker, all of whom will, we believe, 
after studying its contents, admit the inexorable logic 
contained in its pages. It may, however, be as well for 
the reader to know that Mr. Mallock's professed object is 
"to deal with ignorant agitators and their dupes, not as a 
partisan, or an agitator of another class, but as the ex- 
ponent of interests common to all classes alike, and the 
laws which all classes must obey, or from the disregard of 
which all classes must suffer." And, on those lines, the 
book is written combating, and combating successfully, 
the familiar dictum formulated by Karl Marx and adopted 
by Carlyle, that the rich are getting richer and the poor 
poorer, while the middle class, the so-called "bulwarks of 
England," are being destroyed by both. The denial of this 
statement is not new, and we have from time to time be- 
come familiar with facts which have tended to disprove it. 
Indeed, we know that, allowing for the increase of popula- 
tion, there are less paupers and less poverty in England 
to-day than there ever were at any period of her history, 
or as Mr. Mallock reminds us, the pauper population of 
the United Kingdom in 1850 was i\ per cent., but in 1882 
it was only 2], and, if we remember rightly, last year it 
fell below 2 per cent. In the aggregate there are more 
paupers perhaps, but proportionately there are less, and 
the latter is the only fair way to form an estimate. 

This may not be of burning interest to the people of the 
United States, for the condition of the pauper in the 
United Kingdom and our own poor here are somewhat 
different, but our labor leaders would do well to con- 
sider the chapter of Mr. Mallock's book that is written 
under the heading, "Wages and the Product of Work," in 
which he shows that if every employer of labor in the 
world was abolished, the price of any given commodity 
would then, as now, depend not on the wages the laborer 
wanted, but on the price the majority of the consumers 
would be willing to pay. That is to say, that if all the 
merchant tailors in the United States were abolished, and 
the clothes were sold direct from the journeyman to the 
customer, the price of those clothes would not depend on 
the price asked by the tailor, but on the price the people 
at large would be willing to give for them. If those prices 
were not kept down by competition, then people would be 
driven to make their own clothes, or to devise some means ' 
of controlling the rapacity of the journeyman tailor. This 
may be theoretical reasoning, but it is instructive, and it 
carries with it something very near conviction. But Mr. 
Mallock gives us more than theory in the subsequent 
chapters of this book — he gives us facts which upset the 
pet theories of such men as Karl Marx just as surely as he 
upset his theories about the rich growing richer and the 
poor poorer in a previous chapter. To the casual observer 
it appears that the inevitable tendency of the capitalist 
system is to crush out all smaller productive aud distribu- 
tive firms, and to concentrate their business in great 

colossal enterprises. This, Mr. Mallock contends, is a 
socialistic fallacy, and the careful figures he presents us 
sustain his contention, while he, undoubtedly, shatters the 
theory that overcrowding is due to the extortion of land- 
lords. But it must not be supposed that the author of 
this thoughtful little book pretends to believe that the 
world we live in is all it should be. We have not yet 
reached the millennium, and this book will have its influ- 
ence in enabling some people to see that that dreamy con- 
dition is not to be reached through the avenues advocated 
by the socialist or the demagogue. The book is not over- 
loaded with statistics, and it is not always dry, and the 
thoughtful student cannot fail to find much that is inter- 
esting and instructive in its pages. 

*"On Wealth, Wages and Welfare In the United Kingdom. " By W. H. 
Mallock. Macmillan & Co. 

Mr. George Bird Grinnell has given us one of the most 
instructive books on the North American Indians that has 
yet been published. His enquiries will surprise the people 
who have been accustomed to look on the Indian as cruel, 
bloodthirsty, treacherous, and fond of war. But accord- 
ing to Mr. Grinnell, the original condition of the Indian 
was one of peace, kindliness, and order. They became 
warlike only after the white man despoiled them of their 
lands; and, when left alone they were, and are still, socia- 
ble and not at all given to quarreling. And we cannot for- 
get that the white men were at first well received by the 
aborigines, and it was only when the Indians discovered 
that they were being robbed that they became war-like 
and ferocious, and we incline to the belief that white men 
would behave as the Indian did, or worse, if they were in 
their shoes. The book is wholesome reading. 

Beginning with 1889 Scribner's Magazine has annually 
published a Fiction Number that has beeu remarkable for 
the number of famous stories that have first made their 
appearance in it. The August issue of this year will fully 
sustain this reputation. There will be six short stories, 
a comedietta, and several popular illustrated articles. 
George W. Cable has not published a short story since 
"The Taxidermist," several years ago. In this issue he 
breaks his long silence with one of the most artistic that 
he has ever written, entitled "Gregory's Island." 

The last thing written by Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe 
only a few days before her death, was a loving acknowledg- 
ment to the public for fond remembrances and tokens and 
expressions of affectionate esteem, on her 85th birthday, 
which she sent to The Ladies' Home Journal. In the next 
issue of this magazine it will be published in fac simile. It 
reflects the beautiful nature of the gifted authoress, and 
by her death has become her last message to the American 

Speaking of Stevenson's "Weir of Hermiston," the Lon- 
don Times says: "Neither Dickens nor even Thackeray 
left a fragment so tantalizing, because 'Denis Duval was 
not written like 'Weir,' in the fullness of the author's 
powers, and 'Edwin Drood' was written in their decay. In 
'Weir of Hermiston' Mr. Stevenson was culminating, and 
the thread broke in his hand. Despite its gloom, it is the 
most potent, true and sincere of his works." 

It is announced that The Lotus, semi-monthly, from 
Kansas City, will enlarge to a monthly at 10 cents. The 
popular bibelot form will be retained, with all the features 
of typography and illustration which have made it distinc- 
tive. The ambition of the publishers to establish a literary 
magazine for their book-publishing department will be 
realized with the added dignity as a monthly, the strength- 
ened editorial stall, and the incrtased number of reading 

We are promised three new "Lives" of Christ. One is 
by Rev. John Watson, otherwise Ian Maclaren; another by 
Mr. Hall Caine, and still another by Mr. S. B. Crockett. 
Is it to the love of Christianity or a desire to possess "the 
siller" of the people that we are to attribute these new 
"lives" of the Savior? 

The bronze statue of Robert Burns is to be unveiled at 
Irvine, Scotland, to-day. 

THE Reverend Mr. Finn, of Manitoba, addressed the 
Orangemen in this city a few nights ago. How is it 
that Orangemen are always so " fishy ? " 

July is, 1896. 


BNBFIT at the Herald Square 
I V Theatre, to its Treasurer, is responsi- 
ble for an all-stur perfnrmain-o of Patience, which, if the 
stars were paid as usual, would mean a cost of 06,300. 
A pretty penny, is it not '.' Lillian Russell is the chief at- 
traction, and you tnav fancy the material when the chorus 
numbers amongst other prominent actors E.J. ("Ned") 
Ratcliffe. who has the voice of an angel. 

Conservative New York thought the Baldwin-Hobart 
nuptials worthy a column, which is DOt surprising, as Bald- 
win's family is very well-known in this section of the coun- 
try, ami Miss Hobart's wealth has made her prominent 
enough for people to find out what a lovely and admirable 
young woman she is. A bumper to them! She must, in- 
deed, be charming to have won that most distinguished of 

Mrs. Gregory McLaughlin sailed on the North German 
Lloyd line last Thursday with one of her children, in answer 
to a summons from her sister. Mrs. Brown, in Stuttgart. 
Mrs. Brown is lj'ing most dangerously ill, and it is feared 
that her sister may be too late. Miss Cole remains at her 
sister's country house in Larchmont Manor. Mrs. Brown 
will be remembered as the eldest of Senator Cole's beauti- 
ful daughters, and as. perhaps, the most gifted of the tal- 
ented family. Mrs. Basil Heathcote is the guest of Mrs. 
" Bob" Bull, at Pittstown, New Jersey. Mrs. Heathcote 
had a bad fall there the other day in dismounting from her 
horse, but, happily, there were no serious results. The 
placard "To Let" defaces the Oelrichs residence in 
Fifth avenue, Mr. and Mrs. Herman having given up their 
residence of the last five or six years for the house occu- 
pied until her death by Mrs. Paran-Stevens. It is a home 
especially adapted for entertaining, so perhaps Mrs. Oel- 
richs means to bestow upon New York some of the gener- 
ous hospitality she has hitherto given to Newport only. 
One of the largest of the old houses on the Avenue is som- 
ber with crape and drawn blinds to-day in memory of its 
owner, George Law, who passed away two days ago, after 
a long and most painful illness. His widow, who is pros- 
trated with grief, was the beautiful Miss Bainbridge- 
Smith, granddaughter of one of New York's leading jurists. 
George Law was known and loved from end to end of this 
country. He was a prominent clubman and an enthusiast 
on athletic sports. He leaves a fortune of ten million dol- 
lars to his lovely young widow. 

Northrup Cowles is making the most of a New York 
summer, and, from his appearance, is finding life not too 
much of a hardship. I was amused at having a man the 
other day insist that " Naughty " Cowles (should one spell 
it Norty ?) was Downey Harvey. I have not seen the 
likeness. D. Samuels, Jr., is also an Eastern "sojourner" 
at present. " Ned " Taylor flashed upon New York for a 
few days last week from one of his numerous country visits. 
He is perennial, and never grows older. Edwin Low sailed 
on the Normannia to-day. E. N. Hurschmidt and "Walter 
Anderson, of respectively, San Diego and Fresno, are in 
town. Passe Paetout. 

New York, July 10, 1896. 

Susan B. Anthony is again agitating the public 

with the question: " Did she sit on Til ton's knee ? " Judg- 
ing from an extended observation of the female sex, espe- 
cially the unmated side of it, it is our firm belief that she 
did, if Theodore let her. If he didn't, we are reluctantly 
compelled to admit that she must have waited till he fell 
asleep in his chair, and then tried it to see bow it went. 
Those happy women who revel in the glories of an unend- 
ing lot of knee-sittings can never know of the psychologi- 
cal researches, of the hacking curiosity in the matter of 
knee-sittings which pervade the bosom of a Susan B. 
Anthony. It is well enough to teach a tender young inno- 
cent, just sprouting into a state of unconscious wonder- 
ment, that knees were made to comfortably bend in prayer. 
By the time a woman has used them that way till she is as 
old as Susan, she likes to shake out a little to see if they 
can be put to any other use. Judge not. — October 24, 1874. 

■|1h\|Vi>i>n Hv'AW 

Amelie Rives. Louise Cbandler Moultnn. Clara 
Louise Burnhiiin, 1-dward Everett Hale. Julia Ma- 
gruder, Julian Hawthorne, Edgar Fawcett, Mr<. 
Poultuey Bigelow. Herbert D. Ward, Cleveland 
Moffett, Maria Louise Pool, and many oihers con- 
tribute to the summer numbers. For sale by all 
news dealers. 5 cents a copv, by mail from us, 
50 cents a year, or Juue, July and August num- 
bers sent to Buy address for 1 cents 

The Penny Magazine Co., 

535=541 The Bourse, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Head Golds, 

Catarrh, dry mucous membranes, soon yield to the 
treatment of the famous DR. MCKENZIE'S CA- 


To show that Dr. McKenzie's Catarrh Cure gives in- 
stant relief and continues to drive away the cold or 
catarrh, 7 free trials per week will be allowed you if 
you call at the 

Baldwin Pharmacy, 

(Edwin "W. Joy), 
Market and Powell Sts. 

Call for free treatment of Dr. 
McKenzie'a Catarrh Cure. 


Was used exclusively at theMarlborough-Vanderbilt wed- 
ding breakfast Owing to its excellence it is the preferred 
table water at the best resorts, hotels, clubs, etc. 


Preparatory School for the university, Law and Medical 
Colleges. -*^ 

Admission on recommendation. Many students have been successfully 
prepared at this school. Day and evening sessions References; Presi- 
dent Jordan or any Stanford professor 

PHELAN BUILDING, Nos 353 355. Prof. L. H. Grau, Principal, late Of 
Stanfo rd University. 

For barbers, bakers, bootblaolis, bath-houses, bil- 
liard tables, brewers, book-binders, candy-makers, 
canners. dyers, flour-mills, foundries, laundries, 
paper-hangers, printers, painters, shoe factories, 
stablemen, tar-roofers, tanners tailors, etc. 



BRUSH MANUFACTURERS, 609 Sacramento St., S. F 

Tel. 5610. 



July 18, 1896. 


PEERLESS Del Monte! Already a name as potent in 
civilization as Newport, Saratoga, or Bar Harbor, 
and far more beautiful. 

Destined to be the chief congregating place of the world's 
society and the Mecca of pleasure-loving, health-seeking 
tourists, it is California's principal pride. 

Previous to 1880 California bad no creditable seaside re- 
sort. The Pacific Improvement Company conceived and 
carried out a magnificent plan. A site was chosen in the 
groves of stately pines and oaks east of quaint historic 
Monterey, the only remnant of Spanish California, and 
thereon was built Hotel Del Monte. Nature has been sup- 
plemented by lavish art, and now the caravansary stands 
in the greatest flower garden in the world — a romantic 
garden threaded with innumerable paths and driveways, 
and patched with verdant lawns and rare shrubbery. The 
surrounding scenery, land, and water is incomparably pic- 
turesque. Monterey Bay, stretching warm and placid out 

to the Pacific, is the favored spot of bathers, anglers, 
and yachtsmen. On Del Monte's grounds are croquet plats, 
lawn tennis courts, an archery range, swings — in fact, pro- 
vision for every wholesome amusement. 

The hotel, externally attractive with its long main build- 
ing and two annexes, contains nearly five hundred rooms. 
They are furnished luxuriously, befitting the refined and 
cultured tastes of Del Monte's patrons. The table is bounti- 
fully supplied with every delicacy; the wine cellars are 
stocked with choicest vintages; the cuisine is perfect, and 
the service exceptional. 

Del Monte is society's Arcadia. The cream of the fashion- 
able world meets and mingles there. Its nearness to San 
Francisco is a convenience; the beautiful country traversed 
in reaching it is an inducement, and, once there, one is left 
to wonder at the comfort, elegance, and enjoyment pro- 
curable at such a moderate expense, as listed in the rates of 
this peerless resort. 




520 Commercial St., San Francisco, Cal. 


Also, Manufacturers of Printers' Rollers and Roller Composition. 

All Inks and Rollers used in the NEWS LETTER Pressroom are made by E J. SHATTUCK & CO. 

July 18, 1896. 



IN taking a retrospect of the past from our advanced 
dpoint of forty years' patient, though energetii 
ward march, it would be impossible to ignore a landmark 
of California and the ..ust still conspicuously in 

evidence on every side, which was known and recognized 
as such when our own enterprise was first established here, 
and which has ever since stood firm and eminent as a sym- 
bol of the energy, integrity, and stability of Pacific Coasl 
business enterprises, ami has contributed not a little to 
the enviable reputation the State of California has acquired 
and now enjoys in other parts of this country and in Europe. 


Wells, Fargo d- Co. Express, X. B. Cor. New Montgomery and Mission Sts 

The details of its origin and history have been 
so often set forth in the public journals that 
it seems needless here to more than briefly re- 
fer to them. 

The founding of Wells, Fargo & Company 
dates back to the spring of 1852, when Henry 
Wells, William G. Fargo, Johnston Livingston, 
D. N. Barney, and others, animated by a de- 
sire to profit by the marvelous mineral de- 
velopments on the Pacific Coast, organized a 
company bearing that name, with a capital of 
$300,000, shortly after increased to $600,000, 
to do an express, exchange, and banking busi- 
ness in California in connection with the com- 
mercial and financial centers of our Atlantic 
States and Europe. Soon after, offices were 
established in all the mining camps of any con- 
sequence in the State, and operations were com- 
menced. It also established, for the benefit of 
isolated settlers and miners in out-of-the-way 
camps, along with its express and bank, a sys- 
tem of letter-carrying and delivery, independ- 
ent of, but really auxiliary, to the United 
States mail. This novel feature at once caught 
the popular fancy and was held in high esteem, 
endearing the company to the miners and 
others for its care and thoughtfulness in min- 
istering in every possible way to their comfort, 
convenience, and happiness. It was in this connection that 
the Company, in April, 1860, anticipating the regular mail 
service across the continent, established the famous Pony 
Express between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, 
California, making weekly trips and carrying letters only. 
Ten days were usually occupied in the journey. A romantic 
interest still attaches to the "Pony" rider, and the vision of 
a solitary horseman, freighted with tidings of supreme im- 
portance, tirelessly speeding over mountains and interven- 
ing spaces, and crossing dangerous fords, is conjured up 
by the mere mention of the name. After the building of 
the first through telegraph line, in which Wells, Fargo & 

Oompany participated, tin- Pony Letter Service was dis- 
continued. The- general system nf Domestic and [foreign 
ange of the Company, penetrating into every nook 

and cranny of the mining regions of California by re'sponsi 

ble representation, proved a great accommodation to the 

public, and continues a popular feature of their business. 

Stnoe the beginning of its career Wells, Fargo & Com 

pany has gone on uninterruptedly in its mission of trust 

and responsibility, maintaining itself successfully and grad 

iially extending its sway farther and farther, until to-day 
it literally spans the American continent 'from ocean to 
o.ean "- reaching forty-three of the States and territories 
of the United States and Mexico— and extends its opera- 
tions, necessarily in a more restricted form, to lands be- 
yond the seas. It has regularly established 
offices in all the principal cities of this coun- 
try— St. Louis, Chicago, Buffalo, Cincinnati, 
New York, Boston, etc., and is represented 
abroad by responsible agents and correspond- 
ents in London, Paris, Berlin, Rome, and other 
cities of world-wide importance. It now oper- 
ates 27,081 miles of railroads, 1,752 miles of 
staging, 765 miles of inland steamers, and 6,326 
miles of ocean steamers; total, 35,924. From 
seventy-eight offices in 1857, it has increased 
to 2,785 in 1896, and gives employment to at 
least 6,000 persons. 

Its most considerable forward stride was 
made in 1888, when it acquired' the Erie sys- 
tem, centering in New York, and its extensive 
auxiliary lines, and thus secured direct through 
connections of its own to all the large commer- 
cial centers of the country, such as no other 
express company possesses. For the efficient 
operation of so large a territory it became 
necessary to organize three departments, sev- 
erally known as the Pacific Department, the 
Central Department, and the Atlantic De- 
partment, each of which has its own separate 
manager and staff of superintendents and 
route agents. 

Wells, Fargo lit Co. Bank, Cor. Market and Sansome St. 

The following are the present executive officers of the 
company : 

President, John J. Valentine; First Vice President, Geo. 
E. Gray; Second Vice President, Dudley Evans; Secre- 
tary, Aaron Stein; Assistant Secretary, H. B. Parsons; 
Treasurer and Manager of the Banking Department, 
Homer S. King; all of whom are well known residents of 
this city except Messrs. Evans and Parsons, who reside in 
New York, and have the local oversight of the Company's 
business in the East. San Francisco enjoys the distinction 
of being the headquarters for this widely extended and uni- 
versally popular enterprise. 

40th Anniversary Number. 


S. F. News Letter, July 18, 1896. 

Now in Course of Construction. Post St., between Stockton St. and Grant Ave. 

July 18. 1896. 




THERE art- few gentlemen iei this city who are SO much 
entitled to the thanks of the public 

export for the 5 amission ..f the Board 

of Supervisors. He has been the means of bringing about 
more thorough reform by condemning bad street work. 
the actions of dishonest contractors than 
has any other official. Formerly property owners were 
robbed right and left by crooked contractors, but, through 
Mr Elder's energy, all this has been changed, and they 
have been driven out of the business they disgraced He 
has received over eight hundred letters from prominent 
citizens, thanking him for his labors in this line. Numer- 
ous improvement clubs have passed resolutions of thanks 

George W. Elder, 

and complimented him, and a large number of business men 
are urging him to become a candidate for the office of 
Street Superintendent. At the last election he was thrown 
down at the last hour, but, if he allows his name to be 
placed upon any ticket this year, his well-earned popular- 
ity is likely to cause him to be elected by a great majority. 
The people who pay out their hard-earned money for the 
city's maintenance are not likely to forget a man who has 
labored untiringly in their interests, even endangering him- 
self by so doing. 


A TREELESS stretch of grassy plains 
Blue-bordered by the summer sky ; 
Where past our swaying, creaking stage, 

The buffaloes go thundering by, 
And antelope in scattered bands 
Feed in the breezy prairie lands. 

Far down the west a speck appears, 

That falls and rises, on and on , 
An instant to the vision clear, 

A moment more, and it is gone — 
And then it dashes into sight. 
Swift as an eagle's downward Sight. 

A ring of hoofs, a Hying steed, 

A shout— a face — a waving hand — 

A fiake of foam upon the grass 

That melts— and then alone we stand, 

As now a speck against the gray 

The pony-rider fades away. — Ernest McGaffey. 

Ladies will be able to partake of a delicious lunch at the Maison 
Hiche, after their shopping is done. 

The very latest things in ladies' and gents' spring goods to be had 
of John W. Carmany, furnisher at 25 Kearny St. 


To Ride Easy 

« "Ball-Bearing' ' \ 

f Bicycle Shoes £ 

^| Pratt Fasteners Hold Laces. ) 





This Trade-Mark 9 


2^ is stamped on every Shoe. It 

^) is a guarantee that you are buying 
tfj) the best bicycle shoe on the market. 


®— S. F. Shoe House; E. T. Allen Co ; 
B Katchlnski Los Angeles : Stephens 
^ & Hickok; E. E. Barden. San Diego : P. 
■8) F. Wright & Co. San Bernardino : H. L. 
3£ Peel; & Co. Portland, Or: E. C. Qod- 
f^) d.'inl &. Co. 




H. G. F. Schumacher. 

Jenkel & Schumacher, 

Special attention given to 
Fine Watch and Jewellery 
Repairing, at reasonable 
prioes . 


621 MarKet St., San Francisco. 

Under Palace Hotel. 


The Model 



1206 Sutter St., S. F. Telephone 2388 

California Milk Producers' Association. 


Special Rates Made. Depot: 428-430 Turk St., S. F 
Telephone East 942 


Dr. F. C. PAGUE, 


Rooms 4 and 5, Academy of Sciences Building, 819 Market street 


409V4 Post St., San Francisco. 


United States Laundry,, 

Office: 1004 Market bt., near Baldwin Telephone, South 4-2-0. 

WeaK lien SOU ^VO^len TER s, the great Mexican rem- 
edy ; It gives health and strength to the Sexual Organs. Depot at 323 Mar- 
It et street, San Francisoo. (Send for ciroular.) 



July 18, 1896. 


THE nearest to perfection of comfortable existence has 
been attained in the modern apartment house. In 
San Francisco we have an elegant specimen of these ideal 
'houses of homes" in the Strathmore, on Larkin street, 
near the City Hall, which possesses all the excellent 
features that have made the New York and Paris plans a 
success. It is built of fire-proof stone, brick and iron, 
gaining thereby the first desideratum of safety. The 
rooms are handsomely finished in native woods, have street 
exposures and are provided with every essential for 
housekeeping except furniture. The suites are entirely 
separate, and each one is provided with an ample store- 
room in the basement, where the tradesmen can deposit 
their wares and transact their business through the agency 
of the janitor. Electric bells, speaking-tubes and dumb- 
waiters provide means for all necessary communication. 
The elevator runs night and day, and can pnly be appre- 
ciated by those who have toiled up the narrow stairs to 
third or fourth story flats. The janitor has the care of 
the main corridors, and is the directory and information 
bureau of the establishment. Night and day watchmen 
guard the property of the guests, and the sense of security 
is supreme. 

In fact, life at the Strathmore is a veritable fairy tale — 
convenience without labor, and comfort without annoy- 
ance. As a home it is eminently desirable, not only for 
permanent residents, but for those families who in winter 
give up the cares of their own dwellings for a quiet, down- 
town existence. 

The location is particularly pleasant and advantageous, 
being close to business and accessible to numerous car 


THE signature at the foot of these lines has become a 
household word in San Francisco. Photography, as 
practiced here, has indeed become one of the arts, and 
there are few cities in the world that can beat us at it. 
Our atmosphere may have something to do with it, of 
course, but patient study and care in every detail has 
achieved more than anything else. Theo. C. Marceau, 
whose beautiful studio is at 826 Market street, in the 
Phelan Building, can improve upon nature in his photo- 
graphs, and when one considers how handsome our women 
are, that is saying a great deal. A single glance at some 
of his work will suffice to prove what we say. Ladies, 
especially, find satisfaction in posing before his cameras. 
One must be an artist to know how one will look at one's 
best; one must be able, as it were, to fathom the nature of 
the person, divine their moods, and know how to catch 
them upon the plate that will hold them forever. This 
Mr. Marceau does, and he is surrounded by such efficient 
assistants in every department that every detail of the 
work done is perfect. All the latest styles of photography 
can be had in his studio. His color work is simply beauti- 
ful, aud adds something to his pictures that makes them 
absolutely lifelike. Considering the quality of his work, 
his prices are very low, reputation, in his case, bringing 
him all the patrons he can desire. 

" For what we are going to receive may the Lord 

make us truly thankful," said a devout parent the other 
night, as he gazed at a broiled flounder and a tureen of 
mock turtle soup. And little Johnny, likewise filled with 
ante-prandial piety, pulled the old man's chair about six 
inches away, so as to encourage him to test the softness of 
the dining-room carpet. A rawhide and a spinal plaster 
were immediately brought into requisition, but up to date 
neither of the parties concerned sits down with any degree 
of comfort. — March 15th, 1879. 

The most fashionable florist in this city is Chas. W. Leopold, 35 
Post street, whose choice stock of flowers attracts the attention of 
all passers. The season's flowers will ever be found in his store and 
he will also obtain the most select pot plants for you at the shortest 
notice and at a reasonable price. 


m&&3&^3ll£^M>9*S ffi 


Established Dorchester, Mass., 1780. 

Breakfast Cocoa; 

It bears their 
Trade Mark 

"La Belle 
on every can. 


No Chemicals. 


Always ask for Walter Baker & Co.'s 

Broa.kfa.s-t Ooooa, 

Made at 

'U^3© s ^Wa©N£\^^K5N^^Qi^^® 

Best & Belcher Mining Company. 
Location of principal place of business— San Francisco, California. Loca- 
tion of works— Virginia District, Storey Co , Nevada. 

Notice is hereby given that at a meeting of the Board of Directors, held 
on the 2d day of July, 1896, an assessment (No. 60), of Twenty-flve cents 
per share was levied upon the capital stock of the corporation, payable 
immediately in United States gold coin to the Secretary, at the office of 
the company, room 33, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery St., San Francisco, 
Any stock upon which this assessment shall remain unpaid on the 
will be delinquent, and advertised for sale at public auction, and unless 
payment is made before will be sold on Thursday, the 27th day of August, 
1896, to pay the delinquent assessment, together with costs of advertising 
and expenses of sale. By order of the Board of Directors. 

M. JAFFE, Secretary. 
Office— Room 33, Nevada Block, 309 Montgomery St., San Francisco, 


Union Trust Co. of San Francisco. 

A dividend has been declared op deposits in the Savings Department of 
the company, for the half year ending June 30, 1896 as follows: At the rate 
of fout (4) per cent per annum on Term Deposits, and Three (3) per cent per 
annum on Ordinary Deposits, free of taxes, payable on and after Wednes- 
day. July 1, 1896 I. W HELLMAN, Jr., Cashier. 

Office : Cor. Market. Montgomery and Post Sts., S F. 

The German Savings and Loan Society. 
For the half year ending with June 30th, 1896, a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of four and twenty-six one hundredths (4 26-100) per cent 
per annum on Term Deposits, and three and fifty-five one hundredths 
(3 55-100) per cent, per annum on Ordinary Deposits, free of taxes, payable 
on and after Wednesday, July 1, 1896 GEO. TOURNY, Secretary. 
Office— 526 California street. 

Savings and Loan Society. 

For the half year ending June 30, 1896. a dividend has been declared at the 
rate of four and thirty-two one-hundredths (4 32-100) per cent, per annum on 
term deposits and three and sixty one hundredths (3 60 100) per cent, per 
annum on ordinary deposits, free of taxes, payable on and afte. Wednes 
day, July I, 1896 Dividends not called for are added to and bear the 
same rate of dividend as the principal, from and after July 1, 1896. 


Office— 101 Montgomery street, corner Sutter. San Francisco. Cal. 


Mutual Savings Bank of San Francisco. 

For the half year ending with June 30, 1896, a dividend has been declared 
at the rate of four (4) per cent, per annum on term deposits, »nd three and 
one-third (3^) per cent, per annum on ordinary deposits, free of taxes, 
payable on and after Wednesday, July 1. 1896. 

Office— 33 Post street, San Francisco, Cal. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Hibernia Savings and Loan Society. 
Office of cne Hibernia Savings and Loan Society, corner Market, McAllis 
ter, and Jones streets, San Francisco, June 29, 1896. At a regular meeting 
of the Board of Directors of this Society, held this day, a dividend has been 
declared at the rate of three and three-quarters (3*0 per cent, per annum 
on all deposits for the six months eDding June 30. 1896, free from all taxes, 
and payable on and after July l, 1896. ROBERT J. TOBIN. Secretary. 

HD RIPHRrVQ RESTORATIVE PILLS.— Buy none but the genn- 
ur\. niuunu O ine— A specific for Exhausted Vitality, Physical 
Debility, Wasted Forces. Approved by the Academy of Medicine, Paris, 
and the medical celebrities. Agents for California and the Pacific States. 
J. Q. STEELE & CO., 635 Market street (Palace Hotel), San Francisco. 
Sent by mail or express anywhere. 

PRICES REDUCED— Box of 50 pills, |1 25; of 100 pills, «2; Of 300 pills, 
S3 50; of 400 pills, $6; Preparatory Pills. S3. Send for circular. 

6 4 


July 1 8, 1896. 


The following rules, if closely observed, will enable any 

one to live till death: Never get up in the morning until 
you have read a page of the Old Testament. Any page 
will do, but the title-page has the recommendation of 
brevity, intelligibility and purity. Don't take a bath before 
getting out of bed unless you wish to take cold; if you wish 
to take cold we have nothing further to say, except that 
you are peculiar. The morning is the best time for prayer; 
in the evening when the dew is falling your orisons will not 
ascend. They should go up with the morning mist. Be- 
sides, you have greater cause for gratitude to Providence 
for not killing you in your sleep, than for letting you alone 
in the day-time when you are able to make a stubborn re- 
sistance and cannot be overcome without the aid of a 
doctor. Breakfast should be taken twice a day if at all, 
and should consist of something light and wholesome like 
minor poets. Theology should be reserved for dinner, after 
which a chapter of Origen and one of the Pike County 
Ballads of King David. Do not neglect violent exercise; 
Butler's Analogy is best. It is a grave error to suppose 
that the hair should be cropped short. Every hair con- 
tains its marrow, and this is a part of the brain. By cut- 
ting it off you deprive yourself of some part of your intel- 
lect. There is brain enough in an ordinary "switch'' or 
"braid" to compose one of Stoddard's best poems. The 
pores of the body should be kept tightly closed to exclude 
miasmatic vapors. Wax is good for this business, and 
should be applied hot. It will make you extremely lively. 
Never drink water, wine, tea, coffee or milk ; but do not 
fall into the vulgar error of regarding liquor as a good 
substitute for any of these. Liquor will kill you, but milk 
is puerile, tea, coffee and wine are absurd, and water is 
insipid. It is more independent to let them all alone and 
die of thirst in the manly manner of a gentleman — who 
commonly perish of overeating. All things considered, it 
is more satisfactory to eat expensive meats, but the cus- 
tom is a hurtful one, and would better be avoided if you 
haven't any money. As to the manner of dressing dinners, 
consult the "Maxims" of Dr. Maginn. Cultivate an equa- 
ble temper; be always evenly angry. If you look about 
you much you cannot be otherwise. Reverence is condu- 
cive to longevity; Ministers of the Gospel, who revere the 
great Belly-God, usually live to be very old, if not hanged. 
Sleep with your feet in ice, and a hot brick to your head. 
Then if you feel distress in the night it will not be from in- 
digestion if you have eaten nothing. Zeno, who founded 
the stoical philosophy, was accustomed to say in choice 
Greek that he'd be Zeus d — d if it didn't make him just 
mad to suffer from the gout, and he- wouldn't stand it any 
longer. We do not know how much longer be endured this 
ailment; but if he had had sufficient acuteness to live upon 
oat-meal and unsalted potatoes, he would have spared 
himself the necessity. Even Methusalah, had he practiced 
a reasonable abstinence, would not have been untimely cut 
off by dyspepsia. The reader cannot too highly prize the 
advantage of this present irstruction. Be'll find it ac- 
curately adapted to the needs of his neighbor. — January 
13, 1872. 

One of the most touching death-bed weddings that 

we ever heard of is reported in the Bifkinsville Evening 
Trumpet. The bride, a lovely negress of seventeen, in the 
last stage of consumption, lay patiently awaiting the end. 
The groom, whose malady was phthisis, had the regulation 
rattle in his throat, and was fourteen blocks away, sur- 
rounded by a $12 nurse. But a telephone connected 
moribund hearts, and through it the minister of New Jeru- 
salem Zion Jasper Church whispered: "Angelina, dost 
thou take Jabez for thy wedded husbaud ? " and over the 
telephone floated the soft answer: "Idostest." "Jabez, 
wilt thou take Angelina until death dc thee part ? " "I 
wilt," said Jabez. "Then gimme the $10, and I pronounce 
ye one," said the minister. There was a slight noise heard 
at the telephone — a little crack. The electric angel of 
mercy had done its work, but it had broken its heart. And 
as the sun went down, and with its dying glory coruscated 
the evanescent shadows with its wealth of rubv gold — 
[Quite enough of this.— Ed. N. L.— October 8th, ±881.] 

The climate of Mount Washington this winter is the 

reason why so few climb it. — Exchange. [We pity the 
author of this jest. It is probable that he invented his 
witticism early last spring — there is a flavor of early 
spring about it — and has been carefully guarding it ever 
since, until it should be in season. We can imagine the 
poor fellow's anxiety, lest he should die meantime, or get 
drunk and tell it, or talk it in his sleep! What must have 
been his feelings, walking about the world with that dread- 
ful secret locked up in his bosom — watching with eager 
anxiety the face of every friend to see if perchance he 
suspected it, and tortured with the fear that some one else 
might give permature birth to it, independently of him! 
How carefully he must have chosen his words to avert 
suspicion, how sedulously avoided all allusions to mountains, 
climate and climbing, lest some one should pick up his idea 
and trumpet it about as a conception of his own! Ladies, 
gentlemen, old women and children, you think perhaps 
that the life of a wit is all sunshine, and larking in the 
meadows, and walking glorified on sunset hills, and re- 
clining on the mossy banks of still streamlets, and the like 
of that. You never were greater fools in your lives. — 
January 13, 1872. 

A Marvelous Place for "Doctors!" — Just think of 

it! We have Worm Doctors, Snake Doctors, Herb 
Doctors, Corn Doctors, Horse Doctors, Female Doctors, 
Dog Doctors, Cow Doctors, Steam-bath Doctors, Chinese 
Doctors, Water Doctors, Homeopathic Doctors, Botanic 
Doctors, Trance Doctors, Lady Doctors, Female Doctors, 
Rotten-teeth Doctors, Eye Doctors, Spiritual Doctors, 
Mesmeric Doctors, Electric Doctors, Eclectic Doctors, 
Clairvoyant Doctors, Left-hand Advertising Doctors, Ger- 
man Doctors, Anatomical Exhibition Doctors, Fortune- 
telling Doctors, Police Doctors, Apothecary Doctors, 
Baby-sticking Doctors, and the Devi! only knows how many 
other kinds of medical bilks, imported or made on the spot 
against time — made by as low rascals as it is possible to 
conceive. In "despotic governments" it is otherwise. 
Meanwhile, we most heartily sympathize with the/™,' edu- 
cated and intelligent gentlemen who adorn the medical 
profession in San Francisco, and who have to submit to the 
— local — degradation of being called "Doctor." — June 
28th, 1879. 

Dogs are rational beings. They have souls — if we 

have. It would be a good thing to be a dog. Dogs don't 
lie to one another, nor slander, thoughitmust be confessed 
they are somewhat given to back-biting. To say that the 
dog is Man's best friend, is to exhibit a proneness to invert 
that would do credit to a philosopher, and a tendency to 
misstate that might honor a logician. The man is Dog's 
most worthless companion. We know a dog who is as much 
better than the average man as is the horse, the sheep, or 
the pig. He is a bull pup, and blind as a Mammoth Cave 
bat. Also he is mangy and toothless, and boasts a tail of 
such phenomenal brevity that a moralist would find it diffi- 
cult to base a reverie upon it. And yet, gentle reader, this 
dog displays an honesty quite equal to ours, and an intel- 
ligence incomparably superior to your own. As for the 
natural affectious, there is not a wife in town who loves her 
accomplished husband as this poor creature dotes upon an 
humble piece of raw beef. — July 17, 18G9. 

Sara Bernhardt, in a history of her life shortly to 

be issued, is credited with modestly saying of herself: "I 
was not pretty. I resembled a little the ' Mater Dolorosa ' 
of Velasquez. I had the thin arms of the 'Fomarina,' the 
indolence of Titian's " Venus,' and the dream-look of 
Raphael's ' Santa Cecilia.' " With a Kate Castleton bon- 
net on her, our own impression is that a few hundred years 
ago she would have been mistaken for the pole that Gess- 
ler hung his hat on for the unruly Swiss to bow down to. — ■ 
May 5th, 1883. 

A woman in Borneo is said to have married an ape. 

The editor of the paper containing the announcement 
effects horror at the occurrence. Why so, ink-spiller? 
Christian women are not reprobated, yet they continually 
marry jackasses! — June 16, 1877. 

A ladv in till thirty-ton 

If the lady would liki tleaian 

with a view to matrimony, we will cheerfully enter into 
communication with her. if only she will pledge her word 
that she will write nothing improper. We shall ■ 
quire her to (five references to at least three llevoluntion- 
ary forefathers— of whose respet (ability ire must al 
assured — who knew her to be of itixh! character before ber 
In choosing for a wife a woman who has 
had thirty-three children, her maiden gooil name becomes 
a matter of the highest practical Importance another 
thing: the lady must make affidavit that she was not i" 
Jerusalem when it was destroyed by Titus. It is said that 
mothers who were there had an unpleasant habit of eating 
their babes. Babes and onions we cannot endure; tin- 
smell of them makes us deathly unwell. — January 13, 1872. 

Here's a short story. but a Characteristic one. A 

vessel was wrecked off the Sandwich Islands: eight of the 
crew and ] ped, and knocked about on a 

raft for several days. The mere words hunger and thirst 
would not begin to describe their Bufferings. Four died of 
starvation, and the rest lay almost insensible, lashed to 
the raft, with a merciless sea breaking over them. Sud- 
denly one of the strongest decried a ship on the horizon, 
and, with an effort almost superhuman under the circum- 
stances, huskily exclaimed: " A sail! a sail! " Then came 
a response from a prostrate figure in the bow: " A sale ? 
Mein Gott! und I didn't got a catalogue! " The rarity of 
a Jew sailor enhances the priceless value of this anecdote. 
-December 11. 18S0. 

Anson Kalloch, another scion of the holy family of 

that ilk. was up for embezzlement. He pleads not guilty, 
of course. They all do it. The Kallochs are never guilty. 
"To the pure all things are pure," and a holy man cannot 
sin. Even murder is sanctified unto edification when per- 
petrated by the chosen of the Lord. We have Scripture 
warrant for it.— July 10, 1880. 

The physicians who held the post-mortem orgie over 

the carcass of Jim Fisk report that his brain weighed fifty- 
eight ounces. As Mr. Fisk's hurt was in his belly, we do 
not know why it was necessary to disturb his brain, unless 
it was to see if he had ODe. The more interesting and 
relevant fact would be the weight of the fellow's entrails. — 
January 13, 1872. 

At Helena, Arkansas, a man shot his wife in the 

back of the head, and then killed himself. How disgusted 
he must have been when he first squinted downward from 
heaven and saw his wife take off her chignon and remove 
the bullet! It's enough to make a man swear. — June 18, 

A man in Massachusetts is on trial for attempting 

to commit suicide. He will probably be mildly imprisoned 
for a brief period. Had he succeeded, his punishment 
would probably have been of considerably greater duration 
and intensity. — June 18, 1870. 

The scientists are much excited just now over the 

question, "Do fish sleep?" If the humble testimony of a 
journalist who yesterday spent the entire day watching a 
motionless cork, over at Alcatraz, and getting nothing for 
it but a peeled nose, is of any value, we beg to emphatically 
state that they Jo.— June 22, 1878. 

The London times thinks it is not essential to abolish 

Trades Unions, but to convince the individual members of 
their error. Our own impression is that it is not essential 
to convince the Unions of their error, but to abolish the 
individual members. — September 11, 1869. 

A German astronomer has written a book to prove 

that we are soon to have a second moon, much nearer to 
the earth than the present one. This will, of course, 
effect an enormous increase in the number of lunatics, and 
German astronomy will become popular.— July 17, 1869. 

The Welshmen are jubilant over the fact that out of 

1200 prisoners in San Quentin, only two are Cambrians. 
The other Welshmen in the State are free up to date. — 
March 3, 1877. 

A new contributor writes us that if we publish his 

poem he will send us one every week. IE he were a thor- 
ough master of intimidative science, he could not devise a 
more effective threat.— April 9, 1870. 


Fire and Marine Insurance Agents, 

San Francisco, Cal 

309 and 311 Sansome St 


FINDLAY. DURHAM * IHtODIE 43 and «« Tbrcadnoodlo St., London 

SIMPSON. MACKIRDY & CO IS South Caatlo St., Liverpool 



Fireman's Fund 


Capital, $1,000,000. Assets, $3,000,000. 



CHAS. A. LATON, Manager 439 California St., S. F. 
Fire Insurance. 

Founded A. D. 1702. 

Insurance Company of North America 


Paid-up Capital $3,000,000 

Surplus to Policy Holders 5,022,016 

JAMES D. BAILEY, General Agent, 412 California St., S. F. 


Capital Paid Up «l,0O0,000 

Assets 3,162,001 . 69 

Surplus to Policy Holders 1,506,409 .41 

ROBERT DICKSON, Manager 501 Montgomery St. 
BOYD & DICKSON, S. F. Agents, 501 Montgomery St. 


OF AIX LA CHAPELLE, GERMANY. Established 1825 

Capital, J2,250,000 Total Assets, (6,854,653 65 


VOSS, CONRAD & CO., General Managers. 


BUTLER & HALDAN, General Agents, 

413 California St., S. F. 



Capital 19,700,000 


No. 316 California St., S. F 


(Established 1875.) Geo. M. lonergan. 

Imperial Photograptiic Studio, 

724, 726 and 728 MARKET ST. (1st Floor), 
Bet Kearny street and Grant ave., S. F. 

Carbon Plates a Specialty. Lightning plates for taking Children. 

40th Anniversary Number. 

S. F. News Letter, July 18, 1896. 

CAN I COME IN? From original paintiDg in Dusseldorf Gallery, by HecriU Nordenberg. 

From Christmas Number 1887. 

40th Anniversary Njmttor 

S F Newt LeMer, July 18, 1896. 


From Christmas Nuirber 1885. 



July 18, 1896. 



IN tbe days far off and olden. 
Sunny days of youth, and golden, 
Oft I've watched a wondrous castle "like an exhalation" rise, 

With a splendor and a glory 

Like the Borean Aurora 
Flashing on the startled shadows of the gloomy Arctic skies. 

And its towers, groined and gilded, 

By no earthly hands were builded ; 
Though all that earth can ever yield of costly, rich and rare, 

In its walls were deftly blended, 

Yet its architect expended 
On its building, carving, gilding, ne'er a coin and ne'er a care; 

For its s-ilken banners, streaming, 

Were but cobwebs in my dreaming 
Brain, that floated and that flaunted from my Castle in the Air. 

There each casement, tower, and portal 

Shone with blazonry immortal, 
Caught and fixed by fairy fingers from the sunset's fleeting dyes ; 

And through its halls and porches. 

Whose airy-springing arches 
Still were shifting like the drifting of tbe snowflakes, and as fair, 

Floated effortless and lightly 

With garments gleaming whitely, 
Forms from far with every star of Heaven shining in their eyes; 

With voices as of angels 

Bringing wonderful evangels 
Till my soul moved with the music through my Castle in the Air. 

And in the twilight dreaming 

I still can catch the gleaming 
Faint and fleeting, yet repeating, of those slender turrets fair ; 

And its beauty all-surpassing 

Sometimes mocks me from the massing 
Of bannered clouds incarnadined by sunset's pencil rare. 

And the forms so bright and fairy 

Seem to rest with footsteps airy 
In vapors on the far oft' hills in starry summer night. 

But they fly or fade, alas, all, 

Fairy dream and airy castle, [its flight. 

And their glimmer's growing dimmer with each year that takes 

Oh! days far off and olden, 

Sunny days of youth, and golden. [compare? 

Can proudest dome that earth can build with ought of thine 

All the wealth of all its nations 

With youth's boundless expectations- 
All its mansions' wide expansions with my Castle in the Air? 
May G, 1893. Kate Waters. 


SIERRAS, ADIOS.— by joaquin miller. 

COUNT backward the years on your fingers, 
While forward rides yonder white moon, 
Till the soul turns aside and it lingers 

By a grave that was born of a June — 
By the grave of a soul, where the grasses 

Are as tangled as witch-woven hair, 
And where footprints are not and where passes 
Not any thing known any where. 

By a grave without tombstone or token, 

At a tomb where not fern-leaf or fir, 
Root or branch was bended or broken 

To bestow there the body of her; 
For it lives and the soul perished only, 

And alone in that land with these hands 
Bid I lay the dead soul, and all lonely 

Does it lie to this day in the sands. 

It is well, maybe so, to bear losses, 

And to bend and bow down to the rod, 
If the scarlet red bars and the crosses 

Be but rounds up the ladder to God. 
But this mocking of men! Ah! that enters 

The marrow ; this howling of Hell 
In return for my song-love that centers, 

Vast land, upon thee, is not well. 

And I go, thanking God in my going. 

That an ocean flows stormy and deep ; 
And yet gentler to me is its flowing 

Than the storms that forbid me to sleep; 
And I go, thanking God with hands lifted, 
That a land lies beyond, where the free 
And the giant of heart and the gifted 
Of soul have a home in the sea. 
December 14, 1872. 

[from beranger.} 
" QEE! down the street the soldiers come, 
O Before our door they'll pass, perchance; 
My sister, do you hear that drum? 

And see how gaily they advance ? 
What handsome, gallant men they are! 

What loves in town they've left behind ! 
We country girls, though simpler far, 

Amongst them, husbands perhaps may find." 

Before sweet Rose, a bright brunette, 

A Cornet passing in his place, 
Cried out: " In faitb, my fate is set, 

I never saw a lovelier face. 
I count her charms, I mark her well, 

Yes, in a year, this very day 
I will return, if shot and shell 

Permit, and carry her away." 

" Ah, Rose! that foolish speech you heard, 

1 know it, by your cheek's bright bloom ; 
And now, without another word, 

You backward turn into the room. 
Since then, whene'er alone, sweet Rose 

Tells o'er the words she thought so dear, 
While fcr the unknown Cornet flows, 

A nightly prayer, a nightly tear. 

A year of dreaming thus has passed; 

With earliest dawn our Rose awakes— 
The day he fix'd on shines at last, 

For him her gayest dress she takes. 
All day she waits, comes in, goes out, 

" Oh, hear you not the soldiers' tread ? " 
Paces in tears her room about — 

At midnight shrieks : " He's dead ! he's dead ! ' 
May 28, 1864. ^^^___^_ 


LITTLE feet, that such long years 

Must wander on through doubts and fears, 
Must ache and bleed beneath your load ! 
I, nearer to the wayside inn, 
Where toil shall cease and rest begin, 
Am weary, thinking of your road. 

O little hands, that, weak or strong, 
Have still to serve or rule so long, 

Have still so long to give or ask ! 
I, who so much with book and pen 
Have toiled among my fellow-men, 

Am weary, thinking of your task. 

little hearts that throb and beat 
With such impatient, feverish heat, 

Such limitless and strong desires ! 
Mine, that so long has glowed and burned, 
With passions into ashes turned, 

Now covers and conceals its fires. 

O little souls, as pure and white 
And crystalline as rays of light 

Direct from heaven, their source divine! 
Refracted through the mist of years, 
How red my setting sun appears, 

How lurid looks this soul of mine I 
November 28, 18(13. 


THEN never will I bid, sweet foe, 
Those ruby lips confess; 
For shoulds't thou tell them say me " No,' 
Thine eyes say " Yes! " 

Words are but air; our good and ill 
Stand not in their compress; 

Tby words refuse me still— but still 
Thine eyes say " Yes 1 " 

Spare them not words, securely chide, 

I shall not love thee less ; 
Pleads not thy heart upon my side, 
Thine eyes say " Yes ! " 
February 13, 18C4. 

July IS, 1896. 





ATKINA, Katrina. vv for you no cum— 

Vy for you DO cumest mit me ' 
Yeel render and vomler und vomler around, 

Or squats mil de shades of a tree. 

Pe stars dey are pooty, doj shines mit de sky- 
But if you stay dcre you no see; 

Katrina, Katrina. vv for you DO cum— 
Vv for you no comest mit me '.' 

Like tunder und blixen de cats dey do howl, 

As if dey pe pound un a spree; 
Katriua, Katrina, vy for you no come — 

Vv for you no cumest mit me ? 

Katrina, Katrina, vy for you no cum — 

Vv for you no cumest mit me ? 
I dinks dat a valkin vill seddle de cheese 

I eats mit mine sausage at tea. 

How beautiful are the sentiments here expressed! As a 
specimen of early poetry it has not its equal in the whole 
world. — January 9, 1864. 



33 Post Street, below Kearny, Mechanics' Institute Building. 
Guaranteed Capital, $1,000,000. Paid-TJp Capital, $300,000. 


JAMES D. PHELAN, President. | S. G. MURPHY, Vice-President. 

JOHN A. HOOPER, Vice-President. 
Directors— James D. Phelan, L. P. Drexler, John A. Hooper, C. G. 
Hooker, James Mofflt, S. G. Murphy, Frank J. Sullivan, Robert McElroy, 
and Joseph D. Grant. 

Interest paid on Term and Ordinary Deposits. Loans on approved se- 
curities. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Deposits may be sent by postal order, Well, Fargo, & Co., or Exchange 
on City Banks. When opening accounts send signature. 



Cash Capital and Surplus 86.280,000 

John 1. Valentine President I Homer S. King Manager 

H. Wadsworth Cashier I F. L. Lipman Assistant Cashier 

N. Y. City, H. B. Parsons, Cashier. | Salt Lake City, J. E. Dooly, Cashier 
Directors— John J. Valentine, Benj. P. Cheney, Oliver Eldridge, Henry 

E. Huntington, Homer S. King, George E. Gray, John J. MoCook, Charles 

F, Crocker, Dudley Evans. 


No. 526 California St., S. F. 

Capital actually paid up in Cash, $1,000,000. Reserve Fund $ 715,000 

Deposits, Dec. 31, 1895, $30,727,586 59. Guaranteed Capital. .$1,200,000 

OFFICERS— President, B. A. Becker; Vice-President, Edward Kruse; 
Second Vice-President, A. C. Heineken; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; As 
sistant Cashier, Wm. Herrmann; Secretary, George Tourny Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller. 

Board of Directors: Edward Kruse, O. Shoemann, A. C. Heineken 
H . Horstmann, B. A. Becker, Ign. Steinhart, Daniel Meyer, Nic. Van Ber 
gen, Emil Rohte. Attorney, W. S, Goodfellow. 


222 Montgomery St.. Mills Building. 

Wm. Alvord 
Wm. Babcock 
Adam Grant 

S. L. Abbot. Jr. 
O. D. Baldwin 
W. S. Jones 

H. H. Hewlett 
E. J. McCutchen. 
J. B. Lincoln. 


No. 18 Geary Street. 

Incorporated November 24, 1869. 

ADOLPH C. WEBER President 

ERNST BRAND Secretary 



Storage Capaoity, 100,000 tons. Regular warehouse for San Francisco 
Produce Exchange Call Board. 

These warehouses are the largest on the Pacific Coast, and are furnished 
with the latest improvements for the rapid handling and storing of Grain 
A mill attached, supplied with the best and newest machinery for cleaning 
foul and smutty wheat. 

Money advanced at lowest rates of interest on grain stored in warehouses. 
Insurance effected at lowest rates in first-class companies, or grain sold, 
if desired, at current rates. 

OFFICE— 202 Sansome St., over the Anglo-California Bank. 



iDeorporatlil hy ICoyul riiarter. 1801 
Capital I'alii I'p.M." '>."• ind, W0V0U 



Brahcbk— Vlotoria. Vancouver. r?e« Westminster. Kamloopi, Nan 
lamo, anil Nelson. Ilrlllsh Coiumlila; Portland, Ore,- mil Ta 

oome, Washington. 

This Bank transacts ft General Sensing Buaineaa. Accounts opened aub- 
ject to Check, and SpiTini Deposits received, Commerolsl I'roiiitsKrantcd 
available in all parts or the world. Approved Hills discounted and ad- 

Vances made on c I colhueral security Draws din-el in current rates 

upon Its Bead Omco and Branohes, and upon Its Agents, us rol 

NEW "Si ORK— Merchants* Mankof Camilla; ( "II if. \i,o —First National Hank; 
LIVERPOOL— North and South Wales Hank; SCOTLAHD— llritlsli Linen 
Company; Iiieumi- Hunk of Ireland; MEXICO— London Bankol Mexico; 
South America— London Bank of Ifexloo and Bouth Axnerloa; China und 

Japan— Chartered Hank of In. Ha. Australia and China; AUSTRALIA and 
New Zealano— Hunk of Australasia and Commercial lianking Company of 
Sydney, Ld; Demekaka and Trinidad (West Indies)— Colonial Hank. 


Capital 83,000,000 00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits (October I, 1894).. 3.158,129 70 



S. Prentiss Smitb.... Ass' t Cashier 1 1. F. Moulton 2d Ass't Cashier 


New York— Messrs. Laidlaw & Co.; the Bank of New York, N. B. A. 
Boston— Tremont Natiooal Bank; London— Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & 
Sons; Paris— Messrs. de Rothschild Freres; Virginia City (Nev.)— 
Agency of The Bank of California; Chicago— Union National Bank, and 
Illinois Trust and Savings Bank; Australia and New Zealand— Bank of 
New Zealand; China, Japan, and India— Chartered Bank of India, Austra- 
lia and China; St. Louis— Boatman's Bank. 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world. 

Draws Direct on New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Salt Lake 
Denver, Kansas City, New Orleans. Portland, Or., Los Angeles, and on 
London, Paris, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Frankfort-on-Main, Copenhagen, 
Stockholm, Christiania, Melbourne, Sydney, Auckland, Hongkong, Shang- 
hai, Yokohama, Genoa, and all cities in Italy. 


Corner California and Webb Streets. 

Deposits. Dec. 31, 1895 $24,202,327 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus l ,575,631 

ALBERT MILLER, President | E. B. POND, Vice-President 

Directors— Thomas Magee, G. W. Beaver, Philip Barth, Daniel E. Mar- 
tin, W. C. B. De Fremery, George C. Boardman, Robert Watt; Lovell 
White, Cashier. 

Receives Deposits, and Loans only on real estate security. Country 
remittances may be sent by Wells, Fargo & Co., or by check of reliable 
parties, payable in San Francisco, but the responsibility of this Savings 
Bank commences only with the actual receipt of the money. The signature 
of the depositor should accompany the first deposit. No charge is made for 
pass-book or entrance fee. Office hours — 9. a. m. to 3 p.m. Saturday even- 
ings, 6:30 to 8. 


Capital 81,000,000 

Successor to Sather & Co., Established 1851, T -n Francisco. 

James K. Wilson President. Albert Miller, Vice-President 

L. I. Cowgill, Cashier. Allen Knight, Secretary. 

Directors— C. S. Benedict, E. A. Bruguiere. F. W.Sumner, Albert Mil 
ler Wm. P. Johnson, V. H. Metcalf, James K. Wilson. 

Agents : New York— J. P. Morgan & Co. Boston— National Bank of the 
Commonwealth. Philadelphia— Drexel & Co. Chicago— Continental Na- 
tional Bank. St. Louis— The Mechanics' Bank, Kansas City— First Na- 
tional Bank. London— Brown, Shipley & Co. Paris— Morgan, Harjes & Co 


N. W. Cor. Sansome and Sutter Sts. 

Subscribed Capital 82,500,000 | Paid UpCapital 82,000,000 

Reserve Fund 8850,000 

Head Office 58 Old Broad Street, London 

AGENTS— New York— Agency of the London, Paris, and American 
Bank Limited, No. 10 Wall Street, N. Y. Paris— Messrs. Lazard, Freres 
& Cie, 17 Boulevard Poissoniere. Draw direct on the principal cities of the 
world. Commercial and Travelers' Credits issued. 


C. ALTSCHUL j- Managers. 


Cor. Market, Montgomery, and Post Sts. 

Paid-Up Capital 81,000,000. 

WM. H. CROCKER President 

W. E. BROWN Vice-President 

GEO. W. KLINE Cashier 

Directors— Chas. F. Crocker, E. B. Pond, Hy. J. Crocker, Geo. W. Scott 


N. E. Cor. Pine and Sansome Sts. 

Capital authorized 86,000,000 I Paid Up 81,500,000 

Subscribed 3,000,000 f Reserve Fund 700,000 

Head Office— 18 Austin Friars, London, E. C. 

Agents at New York— J. & W. Seligman & Co., 21 Broad street. 

The Bank transacts a General Banking Business, sells drafts, makes 

telegraphic transfers, and issues letters of credit available throughout the 

world. Sends billp tnr collection, loans money, buys and sells exchange 

and bullion. IGN. STEINHART \ ManaePrs 

P.N. LILIENTBaL f Mana S Rrs 









' 40th Anniversary Number. 

3. F. Newi Letter, July 18, 1896. 

b r h > «* i 
IV 80 


July is. 1896. 




ONE of the prosperous attorneys of this city is K C 
Conlell. a young man who is well known in law circles 
and possessed of more than average ability. Be was born 

at Callao, Peru in 1-71 
ami went to Now York 
at the early age of four 
There be attended the 
public schools and came 
to California at the age 
of eight and finished his 
education. He graduat- 
ed from the Grammar 
School, receiving the 
first medal for perfec- 
tion in his studies. In 
1890 he commenced the 
study of law and in 
1894. after diligent ap- 
plication to his studies, 
was admitted to prac- 
tice. Mr. Cordell makes 
a specialty of Civil Law 
in all its branches. He 
has only himself to 
thank for his success, 
having been thrown at 
the early age of thir- 
teen entirely upon his 
own resources. He is a 
nephew of Captain Ed- 
ward Cordell, once U. S. 
Coast and Geodetic Surveyor and who made several im- 
portant discoveries for mariners while in office. Mr. Cor- 
dell is a prominent member of the National Guard and 
stands well in the business and also in the social com- 
munity. His handsome office is in the Parrott Building, 
825 Market street, Eoom 436. 

E. C. Cordell 


THE completeness of the Chronicle's news service was 
again shown last Wednesday, in its account of the 
wreck of the Pacific Mail steamship Colombia, which oc- 
curred the day before on the rocks below Pigeon Point, 
one of the most isolated places on the Coast. Despite the 
almost insuperable difficulties in the way of obtaining news 
from the scene of the accident, the Chronicle came out 
with the fullest details of the wreck. 

One of the chief factors in retaining the approval of the 
public has been the method pursued by the Chronicle in 
handling its news. Conservative, yet enterprising, it sel- 
dom fails to get the right perspective in apportioning 
space to its articles. It has avoided freaking its columns 
with minor matters, and has not followed the course 
marked out by one or two journals of degeneracy in the 
East, and their imitators, of sacrificing everything to sen- 
sationalism in news, and to grotesqueness in typographical 

When an article attains to the dignity of a "top head" 
in the Chronicle, the reader can be assured in advance 
that it contains important news, a wise policy of condensa- 
tion is followed, and news not of the first importance is 
kept within reasonable limits of space. This course en- 
ables each issue of the paper to give a complete history of 
a day. The make-up is such that its readers readily know 
■where to find articles in which they may take special in- 

Newspaper illustration has made a wonderful progress 
within the past few years, and in this department the 
Chronicle has not been a laggard. Its work in this line is 
fully up to the standard set by the leading journals of New 
York. Its enterprise was shown last Wednesday when it 
alone of all the papers published the picture of Captain 
William A. Clark, Master of the wrecked Colombia. 

Quickest Time on Record. — The Overland Mail from 
St. Louis arrived at Firebaugh's Ferry on Saturday even- 
ing, 14th inst., at fifteen minutes past six o'clock, bring- 
ing the President's message, having made the trip in fif- 
teen days and four hours. — January 20, 1860. 

MT. VERNON CO., Baltimore. 

The undersigned, having boon appointed Agents for the 
Pacific Coant for tho attic of the manufacture* of above 
company, hato Dow In store: 


From 30 to 130 Inches wide; and a complete assortment 
of all qualities gasf-lnch duck, from 7 to 16 ozs., Inclusive. 


J. D. Spreckels & Bros. Company, 


General Agents 


3*7 rlARKBT ST.. Corner Fremont, S. P. 


Stationers and 

327, 329, 331 Sansome St. San Francisco 

G6oro6 E. flail, 

Agent and importer of 



Tomkinson's Livery Stable 


J. TOMPKINSON, Proprietor. 

Nos. 57, 50, and 61 Minna St.. between First and Second. 
Through to Natoma street, Nos. 64, 66, and 68. One block from the Palaoa 
Hotel, also carriages and coupes at Pacific Union Club, corner Post and 
Stockton streets, San Francisco. Telephone No. 153. 

Fine turnouts kept especially for calling. Also rockaways, buggies, and 
vehicles of every description at reduced rates. 

You Must Look Neat. 

Suits Cleaned 

and Pressed 

Bau Gitu Clothing Renovatoru, 


Suits called for and delivered. 

20-24 Geary St., Easterbrook B'ld'g, 
Rooms 19 20-21. 'Phone Main 5859. 


For Boys and Girls 

1012 Grand street, near San Jose 

For particulars, address W. dp JUNG, Principal. 

Alameda, Gal. 

Occidental Hotel, 

A quiet home, centrally located, for 
those who appreciate comfort and 

Wm. B. Hooper, flanager. 

San Francisco. 



Rooms 34-38, 3d Floor Chronicle Building, San Francisco. 


Business Suits from $15,50 
Fine Dress Suits from $19.50 

1212-1218 Market street 
302 Kearny street 
908 Market St., S. F 



July 18, 1896. 


JAMES D. PHELAN has completely modernized the 
Phelan Building, corner of Grant avenue, which, when 
it was built in 1881-1882, was the finest of its kind. 

The owner found it desir- 
able to keep up with the 
march of modern improve- 
ments, and to-day the Phelan 
Building offers every conven- 
ience to tenants which the 
newer buildings can offer. 
Mr. Phelan has put in two 
fast modern running eleva- 
tors, which run from 8 A. si. 
till 10 p. si. daily, and he now 
contemplates putting in a 
fast direct elevator at the 
western end of the building, 
which will connect with all 
the floors and also with the 
photograph gallery. He has 
put electric lights through- 
out the halls and offices, and 
has put elegant bronze doors 
at the main entrance to the building, which add wonder- 
fully to its appearance. The mail ser^ce has been im- 
proved by putting in a Cutlar mail chute connecting with 
every floor, and each office will, through an opening in the 
door, have the mail delivered to it four or five times a day, 
instead of being deposited in boxes below in the lobby, 
which was the old style, but the boxes will be preserved 
for the special use of tenants, as they may require such 
service under certain circumstances, having their letters 
delivered to a certain numbered box. This and other im- 
provements makes the Phelan Building rank with the best 
of the big structures. On account of its fine location, con- 
struction, and the large number of fire walls, it has al- 
ways been regarded by insurance companies as a first- 
class risk, as the rate upon it would now indicate. It is 
written at 1» per cent, for three years. While these im- 
provements have been made in the offices, the rents have 
not been increased, and to-day elegant offices, with lofty 
ceilings, givine fine air and ventilation, which is unknown 
in the modern style of building, can be had for rents less 
than were paid ten years ago. 


The Phelan Building. 


S BEAUTIFUL complexion is the pride of every woman. 
Without that a woman stands little chance of compet- 
ing successfully with her sisters, and anything that will 
help her to do so will be hailed as a positive boon. Every- 
body has heard of Camelline, the famous complexion beau- 
tifier, which is in use in all parts of the world, and which 
has taken highest honors at the largest expositions. Its 
ingredients are perfectly harmless, as many of the great- 
est physicians have testified. One trial wiil prove its effi- 

THE new hall of the Native Sons of the Golden West, 
on Mason street, between Post and Geary, is the 
largest of its kind in the city, and has proved very popu- 
lar, as it is engaged constantly for 
concerts, lectures, conventions, and 
first-class performances of all kinds. 
It was constructed last year by a 
corporation composed exclusively of 
Native Sons, with James I). Phelan 
as President; Lewis P. Byington, 
Vice-President; and Adolph Eber- 
hart, Secretary. The manager, 
Robert W. Martland, is daily to be 
found at the Hall, attending to his 
duties of renting the Auditorium 
and the numerous lodge rooms 
above. It has a quick running ele- 
vator and all modern improvements, 
which makes the building attractive 
to progressive people. It is, more- 
over, one of the handsomest buildings 
in San Francisco. 

WE reproduce in miniature a group of charming covers 
which adorned the News Letter during the past 
sixteen years. That of 1880 was designed by H. J. Fren- 
zeny; that of 1881 by Jules Tavernier; those of 1882, 1884, 
1886, and 1891 by H. Hansen; that of 1883 by Mrs. Gros- 
venor; that of 1885 by P. Tillaux; those of 1887, 1889, 
1890, and 1893 by Charles Dickman; that of 1893 by T. 
Aoki; that of 1894 by Edouard Cucuel, and that of 1895 by 
Amadee Joullin. 

Mr. Edouard Cucuel, whose charming work has so often 
graced our pages, has lately left Paris, where he has been 
studying for many years, for New York — there to win with 
pencil and brush the recognition he merits, and which will 
assuredly come to him. 

She— Was there any particular thing about the town 
which struck you? He — Yes; a bicycle. — Yonkers States- 


* Good Appetite-^ 

Is restored and the disordered 
Stomach and Liver invigorated by taking a 
small wineglassful, before meals, of the cele- 


;•..• • • : 



Patentee and Manufacturer of 

MiliGiai Stone 

In all its branches. 

Schillinger's Patent Walk. 
Side Garden Walk a Specialty. 

Office: 307 Montgomery St., 

Nevada Block, S. F. 

The modern oxygen cure for 

Watson & Co. 

Pacific Coast Agents : 

•^PTid for circulars 


fa*- 1 imrrTWlA' 1Sei , s'«5s i 




July is, 1896. 



R. Zenas 

ing the 1 

I". Dodge is one of the few gentlemen grac- 
pgal profession in this city who may be con- 

gaged in the stationery business, but left it for the muse 
beloved of Blackatone. That he did right Is proved by the 
• -aiiy attendant upon his footsteps; all of which 
goes to show thai ability, when I'.oked together irlth 
energy and untiring perseverance, will accomplish any- 
thing. Mr. Dodge is of good old Colonial ancestry, and is 

a direct descendant of one who participated in the great 
struggle for independence, For this reason, and knowing 
him to l>e an orator of such pronounced ability, he was 
chosen to deliver the oration on the Fourth of July. A 
man of commanding presence and fine voice, his well 
chosen words rolled forth like thunder and awakeued in 
the hearts of his hearers a truer meaning of the great day 
than they had ever had before. That event helped to make 
Mr, Dodge more popular than ever, and his way upward 
is more than assured. His co-workers respect him for his 
energy and ability, and speak confidently of him as a man 
who will make his mark in the near future. 


Z. U. Dodge. 
sidered a born orator. Some "time ago Mr. Dodge was en- 

WHO does not remember the quips and jokes that were 
made in the old days at the expense of our present 
brilliant contemporary, the Morning Call ? How many an 
embryo satirist stuck it between the ribs with his un- 
sharpened pen and made it a target for his tarnished wit! 
Was it not once called the organ of the Silurians, and sup- 
posed to be opposed to anything that was for the city's 
good ? Even so, but that all occurred in the times now 
past recall, and to-day the Call stands forth like a young 
giant, eager to battle for California's welfare, and op- 
posed to corruption in all its various forms. The city and 
the Call have progressed together. It speaks for all, and 
it does so in no weak, halting voice, either. It is an enter- 
prising, honest, clean daily journal, guided by an ener- 
getic young Californian, surrounded by a staff of bright 
and original writers. Sensationalism is not a feature of 
the Call. News appearing in its columns is reliable, and 
it is given in such a way as not to be offensive to its 
readers. The Sunday Call is especially attractive, the 
children's department being carefully edited and guaran- 
teed to give enjoyment to the little ones throughout the 

Clean House 
only with 

jtSeCHUSC there is nothing which is harmless, that will make things perfectly clean with 
so little labor in so short a time ; besides, it is economical and makes the work easy. 

Do yOU SUDDOSe — that anything could attain such popularity as PEARLINE enjoys, 

and hold it, without wonderful merit — that people would use if year after year were it 
harmful to fabric or hands — that the hundreds of imitations are attracted by anything but 
its wonderful success ? 

lOU 11 CIO Well to use Pearline — see that your servants use it ; insist that they do not 
use the imitations which they are often induced to try because of the worthless prize given 
or by the glib and false argument of some peddler. 135 iames pyle, New York. 

7 6 


July 1 8, 1896. 


(Pacific System.) 
TraiDS Leave and are Due to Arrive at 


From June 7, 181/6, 

I Arrive 

•6:00 A Niles, San Jose, and way stations 8:45 A 
7:00 * Atlantic Express, Ogden and East 8:45P 
7:00 A Benicla, Vaoaville, Rumsey, Sac- 
ramento, Oroville, and Redding, 

via Davis 6 :45 P 

7:00 A Martinez, San Ramon, Napa, Cal- 

Istoga, and Santa Rosa 6:15P 

8:30a Niles, San Jose, Stockton. lone, 
Sacramento, Marysville and Red 

Bluff 4:16 P 

•8:30 a Peters and Milton *7:15p 

9:00a Los Angeles Express, Fresno, 

Santa Barbara and Los Angeles. 4:45P 

9:00a Martinez and Stockton 10:15A 

9:00A Vallejo I : le 

1 :00 P Niles, San Jose and Llvennore ... 8 :45 A 

*1:00p Sacramento River steamers *9:00p 

|1:30p Port Costa and Way Stations.... t7:45P 
4:00 P Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, 
Napa, Calistoga, El Verano and 

Santa Rosa 9:15A 

4:0OP Benicia, Vacaville, Woodland, 
Knight's Landing, Marysville, 

Oroville, and Sacramento 10 :45 A 

4:30p Niles. San Jose, Livermore and 

Stockton 7:15 p 

4 :30 P Merced, Berenda. Raymond (for 

Yosemite) and Fresno 11 :4o A 

5:00p New Orleans Express, Fresno, 
Bakersneld, Santa Barbara, Los 
Angeles, Deming, El Paso. New 

Orleans, and East 10:15 A 

5 :00 p Santa Fe Route, Atlantic Express, 

forMojave and East 10:15A 

5:00PVallejo 11:45 A 

6:00 p European mail, Ogdenand East.. 9:45 A 
6 :00 P Hay wards , Niles and San Jose ... 7 :45 A 

J7 :00 p Vallejo f7 :45 P 

7:00 p Oregon Express, Sacramento, 
Marysville, Redding, Portland, 

Puget Sound and East 10:45a 

Santa Ohdz Division (Narrow Gauge). 

J7 :45 A SantaCruz Excursion, Santa Cruz 

and principal way stations J8:05P 

8:15 a Newark, Centerville, San Jose, 
Felton, KoulderCreek, SantaCruz 
and way stations 5:50 P 

*2:16p Newark, Centerville, San Jose, 
New Almaden, Felton, Boulder 
Creek, Santa Cruz, and principal 
way stations *U:20a 

jj4:15p Newark, San Jose, Los Gatos H:50a 

Coast Division (Third and Townsend streets). 

6:45 a San Jose and way stations (New 

Almaden Wednesdays only *1:30 P 

J7:30 A Sunday Excursion for San Jose, 
Santa Cruz, Pacific Grove and 

Principal Way Stations J8 :35 P 

8:15 A San Jose, Tres Pinos, Santa Cruz, 
Pacific Grove, Paso Robles, San 
Luis Obispo, Guadalupe and prin- 
cipal way stations 7 :05 p 

19:47 A Palo Alto and Way Stations +1:30 p 

10:40a San Jose and way stations 5:00p 

11:30 a Palo Alto and way stations 3:30 p 

*2:30p San Mateo, Menlo Park. San Jose, 
Gilroy. Tres Pinos. Santa Cruz, 
Salinas. Monterey Pacific Grove *10:40a 
*3:30 P San Jose, Pacific Grove and way 

stations 9:47 A 

•4 :30 p San Jose and Way Stations *8 :06 A 

5:30 p San Jose and principal way 

stations *8:48a 

6:30P San Jose and way stations 6:35 A 

tll:45p San Jose and way stations +7:45P 

San Leandro and Haywards Local. 





00 A"! 

:00 a 1 
:00 a 
.00 A 
:00 P 
:00 P 
:00 p 
:00 P 
:30 P 
:00 p 
:0O p 
00 P 
16 p 

Seminary Park, 
Fitch burg, 
San Leandro, 

i Runs through to Niles. 
t From Niles 



:15 A 
45 A 
:45 A 
:45 A 
:45 P 
:45 p 
:45 P 
:45 p 
:15 P 
:45 P 
:45 P 
:45 P 
:50 p 
00 p 


From San Francisco — Foot of Market street 
(Slip 8). 

♦7:15.9:00, and 11:00 a. m., 11:00, *2:00, J3:00, 

*4:00, t5:00and *6:00P. M. 
From Oakland— Foot of Broadway. 

•6:00,8:00, 10:00 A. M.; 112-00, *1:00. t2:00, 

*3:00.t4:00 *5:00p. M. 

A for Morning. p for Afternoon. 

•Sundays excepted. tSaturdays only. 

{Sundays only 
ft Monday, Thursday, and Saturday nights only. 

8 Saturdays and Sundays for Santa <""ruz. 

11 Sundays and Mondays from Santa Cruz. 

The Pacific Transfer Company will oall for 
and oheck baggage from hotels and residences. 
Enquire of Ticket Agents for Time Cards and 
other information. 


"Is this hot enough for you?" asked Satan. 
'•Purty warm," admitted the newly arrived 
oldest inhabitant: "but 1 remember some 
fifty years ago, when it was so durn hot 
that- — " The attendant imps, at a signal, 
seized him and shoved him down seven 
stories nearer the bottom which isn't there. 
— Indianapolis Journal. 

"How is this," said the flippant young 
person, "that you have no medals, when 
yon are so prominent a member of the ath- 
letic club? ,f "Oh," said the elderly gentle- 
man of sporty proclivities, "all 1 ever did in 
the way of athletics was to lift the mortgage 
on the club" — Indianapolis Journal. 

"Er— are you sure that the minister used 
the expression, 'as probable as icy sidewalks 
in July?'" "Yes; 'July' was the word he 
used. Surely you wuuld not expect a man 
of his profes?ion to use any warmer lan- 
guage?" — Indianapulis Journal. 

Mrs. Farmer— You say you were a soldier 
in the late wai? Thuthfux Tomkins— 
•• Yes'm ; I wuz killed at Antieiam." Mrs. 
Farmer— Killed? Truthful Tompkins— 
Theoretically killed, ma'eiu ; 1 wuz never 
heard uv akerward.— Judge. 

"Dr. Jarley is simply wrapped up in his 
profession." "1 shuuld say he was. Why, 
they do say that when he proposed to Madge 
Wiiloughby he never squeezed her hand 
once, but kept his thumb on her pulse all 
the time."— Harper's Bazar. 
iiHARRY— What girl was that you had in 
tow last evening? Willie (indignantly)— 
What you are pleased 10 call tow is usually 
spoken of by people of culture as blonde 
tresses.— Household Words. 

"Yon have an immense amount of hay," 
observed the visitor at the Clover Meadow 
Farm. "Ya-as," said Farmer Redneck; 
1 but there ain't a dang thing t' feed it to 
but bicycles."— Joker. 

Mrs. Younger— In making that cake this 
morning 1 hope you were careful not to put 
any bad eggs in it. Matilda Snowball— I 
d^n't know, mum ; I hasn't tasted it yit. — 
Texas Siftiugs. 

1 Then you don't intend asking Marie to 
beyour bridesmaid?" "No— Jack used to 
beengagtdto her and the dear boy is so 
absent minded."— Chicago Record. 

Roxy— What are you buying up all that 
brown wrapping paper lor? Foxy— Oh, like 
to look over a paper once in a while that 
isn't full of politics.— New York Press. 

Mabel — I understand that there were on'y 
square dances at Mrs. Flippn's small ana 
early. Maude— Yes; there wereu't men 
enough to go round.— Judge. 

Odorous Oliver— Oh, dear, I wish I wuz 
a snake. Dingy Dick— Gosh! Whaft'or? 
"So's I could move 'thout having to git up." 

MissGosippe— Doyou pay much attention 
to what your husbaudsays? Mrs. Jealous 
—Not unless he talks in his sleep.— Omaha 

The grass is dead upon the hills— begins 

To die along the plains: 
Down, parsons, down upon your level 
And pray for rain! 

Nay, hold your tongues!— we'll other- 
wise contrive 
To make the desert bud. 
If God's reminded you are yet alive 
He'll send a flood! 
February 5<b. 1887. 







S. S. "Australia, for Honolulu only, Saturday, 
July 11th, at 10 a K. 

S. S. "Mariposa" sails via Honolulu and Auck- 
land, for SydDey. Thursday, July 23th, at 2 p m. 
Line to Coolgardie, Australia, and Capetown, 
South Africa J. D SPRECKELS &BROS CO., 
Agents, 114 Montgomery St. Freight office, 327 
I<iarketSt., San Francisco. 


Tibdron Febby — Foot of Market Street. 


WEEK DAYS— 7:30, 9:00, 11:00 A M; 12:35,3:30 
5:10, 8:30 p m. Thursdays— Extra trip at 
11:30 P M. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1:50 
and 11:30 pm. 

SUNDAYS— 7:30, 9:30. H :O0 A M; 1:30 3:30, 5:00, 
6:20 PM. 


WEEK DAYS— «:15, 7:50, 9:10, 11:10 AM; 12:45, 
3:40, 5:10p M. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1 :55 
and 6:35 p M. 

SUNDAYS— 7:35, 9:35, 11:10 AM; 1:40,3:40,5:00, 
6:25 p M. 
Between San Francisco and Schuetzen Park, 

same schedule as above. 

Leave S. F. I In Effect 
| April 2, 1896 

Days. Sunda y s - desti'tion. 


7:30a m 7:30am 
3:30pm 9:30am 
5:10pm 5:00pm 

3:30 pm 


Santa Rosa. 



Hea Ida burg, 



Arrive in S. F. 


10:40 am 8:40am 
6-05 pm 10:10am 
7:30 PM 6:15PM 

7:30 am 
3:30 pm] 

7:30 AM 

Pleta, Hop- 
land, Ukiah. 

7:30 PM 

« :15pm 

7:30a mi 

3 :30 p m 

7:30 AM 


7:30 PM 

10 10am 

7:30 AMI 
5:10pm 1 

7 :30A M 

Glen Ellen. 

10:40 am 
6:05 PM 

18:40 AM 

3:30 pm 

7:30 am 
5 :00 p M 


6:05 pm 


Stages connect at Santa Rosa for Mark West 
Springs; at Geyserville for Skaggs' Springs; at 
Cloverdale for the Geysers; at Pieta for High- 
land Springs, Kelseyville, Soda Bay and Lake- 
port; at Hopland for Lakeport and Bartlett 
Springs; at Ukiah. for Vichy Springs, Saratoga 
Springs. Blue Lakes, Laurel Del Lake, Upper 
Lake, Porno, Potter Valley, John Day's, Lier- 
ley's, Gravelly Valley. Booneville, Greenwood, 
Orr's Hot Springs, Mendocino City, Fort Bragg, 
Westport, Usal, WllUtts, Canto, Covelo, Lay- 
tonville. Harris, Scotia, and Eureka. 

Saturday-to-Monday Round Trip Tickets at re- 
duced rates. 

On Sundays, Round TripTickets to all points 
beyond San Rafael at half rates. 

TICKET OFFICE— 650 Market St., Chronicle 


Gen. Manager. 

Gen. Passenger Agent. 


Dispatch steamers from San Francisco for 
ports in Alaska, 9 a.m.. July 3, 13, 18, 28; Aug. 

2, 12, 27. 

For B. C. and Puget Sound ports, July 3, 8, 
13, 18, 33, 28 and every 5th day thereafter. 

For Eureka (Humboldt Bay). Steamer ''Pom- 
ona," at 2 P. M. July 5, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, and 
every fourth day thereafter. 

For Newport, Los Angeles and all way ports, 
at 9 A. M. ; July 2, 6, 10, 14, 18, 22, 26, 30, and every 
fourth day thereafter. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Port Harford 
Santa Barbara, Port Los Angeles, Redondo, (Los 
Angeles) and Newport, July 5, 8, 12. 16. 20, 24, 28, 
and every fourth day thereafter, at 11 a. m. 

For Ensenada, San Jose del Cabo, Mazatlan, 
La Paz. Altata, and Guaymas (Mexico), steamei 
''Orizaba. " 10 A. m., July 3, and 25th of each 
month thereafter. 

Ticket Office— Palace Hotel, No. 4 New 
Montgomery street. 

GOODALL, PERKINS & CO., Gen'l Agents, 

No. 10 Market street, San Francisco 


For Japan and China. 

Steamers leave wharf at FIRST and BRAN- 
NAN STREETS, at 3 P M, for YOKOHAMA and 
HONGKONG, connecting at Yokohama with 
steamers for SHANGHAI. 

Doric Tuesday, July 21, 1896 

Belgic (via Honolulu), Saturday, August 8. 1896 
Goptic (via Honolulu), Wednesday, Aug. 26. 1896 
Gaelic Saturday, September 12, 1896 

Round Trip Tickets at Reduced Rates. 
For freight or passage apply at Company's 
Omce, No. 421 Market street, corner First. 

D. D. STUBBS, Secretary. 

July iS, 1896. 


H. & H. W. Gatherwood's Fine 

Old wiiisKies! 

" A. A. A." ,( Century," 
" Cranston Cabinet," 
" Old Stock," Monogram, 

Very old and choice, and 


In cases of one dozen each. 

9fr~ The above well-known brands of fine old 
whiskies, equal if not superior to any in this 
market, are offered to the trade on favorable 

Dickson. De Wolf & Go., 

Sou Agents, Sam Fbancisco. 

MENNEN'S f£ e i 

Toilet POWDER 

Approved by the Highest 
Medical Authoiitiesas a 
Perfect Sanitary 

Toilet Preparation 

for infants and adnlts. De- 
lightful after shaving. Pos- 
itively relieves prickly heat, 
nettle rash, chafed slvin.Btin- 
burn.etc. Removes blotches, 
pimples, tan; makes tUe skin smooth and healthy. Dec- 
orated tin box, sprinklsr top. Sold by druggists or 
mailedfor25c. Send foiFREE nampl'-. (Name this paper.) 
*■ Gerhard Slennen Co., Newark, N. J. * 



" By a thorough knowledge of the natural laws 
which govern the operations of digestion and nu- 
trition, and by a careful application of the fine 
properties of well-selected Cocoa, Mr. Epps has 

firovided for our breakfast and supper a delic&te- 
y flavored beverage which may save us many 
heavy doctors 1 bills. It is by the judicious use 
of such articles of diet that a constitution may 
be gradually built up until strong enough to re- 
sist every tendency to disease. Hundreds of 
subtle maladies are floating around us ready to 
attack wherever there is a weak point. We may 
escape many a fatal shaft by keeping ourselves 
well fortified with pure blood and a properly 
nourished frame. "--CraiJ Service Gazette. Made 
simply with boiling water or milk. Sold only 
in half-pound tins, by Grocers, labeled thus : 

JAMES EPPS & CO.. Ltd., Homoeopathic 
Chemists, London, England. 

Send for our new Cata- line C) fj» A 
logueof our latemodels PlUc)» Z» O t (X *r 

Smith Premier Tupewriters 

a 3 & 

L. & M. ALEXANDER & GO., Agents 

for Pacific Coast, 218 Sansome street, S F. 

Branches— Portland, Or., Los Angeles, Oakland 



1358-1360 MARKETS! 


Sot FH Mountain towered on our right, 
Par off the river lay, 
And over on the womled height 
We held their lines at bay. 

At Us! the mtltt'ring guns were ititled, 

The day died slow and wan. 
At last the gunners' jiipes were filled. 

The Sergeant's yarns becan. 

When, -as the wind a moment blew 

Aside the fragrant Hood 
Our brierwoods raised,— within our view 

A little maiden stood. 

A tiny tot of six or seven, 
From fireside fresh she seemed. 

Of such a little one in heaven 
1 know one soldier dreamed. 

And, as we stared, her little hand 

Went to her curly head 
In grave salute. "And who are you?" 

At length the Sergeant said. 

" And where's your home?" he growled 

She lisped out, " Who is me ? 
Why, don't you know? I'm little Jane, 

The Pride of Battery 'B.' 

My home? why, that was burned away, 

And pa and ma are dead, 
And so I ride the guns all day 

Along with Sergeant Ned, 

And I've a drum that's not a toy, 

A cap with feathers, too, 
Ond I march beside the drummer boy 

On Sundays at review ; 

But now our bacca's all give out, 
The men can't have their smoke, 

And so they're cross— why, even Ned 
Won't play with me and joke. 

And the big Colonel said to-day — 

1 hate to hear him swear — 
He'd give a leg for a good smoke 

Like the Yanks had over there. 

And so I thought when beat the drum, 

And the big guns were still, 
I'd creep beneath the tent and come 

Out here across the hill, 

And beg, good Mister Yankee men, 
You'd give me some Lone Jack, 

Please do — when we get some again 
I'll surely bring it back. 

Indeed I will, for Ned— says he — 

If I do what I say 
I'll be a General yet. may be, 

And ride a prancing bay." 

We brimmed her tiny apron o'er, 
You should have heard her laugh 

As each man from his scanty store 
Shook out a gen'rous half. 

We gave her escort, till good-night 

The little waif we bid, 
Then watched her toddle out of sight; 

Or else 'twas tears that hid 

Her baby form, nor turned about 

A man, nor spoke a word 
Till after while a far, faint shout 

Upon the wind we heard ! 

And then we cast a sadd'ned eye 

Upon the scene around. 
A baby's hand had touched the tie 

That brothers once had bound. 

That's all— save when the dawn awoke 

Again the work of hell. 
And through the sullen clouds of smoke 

The screaming missiles fell ; 

Our Colonel often rubbed his glass, 

And marveled much to see 
Not a single shell that whole day fell 

In the camp of Battery " Bl" 

Fkank H. Gassaway. 

December 25, 1875. 

"Look sharp, there!" shouted the 

brakeuian to Mr. Henpeek, as he was get- 
ting aboard the train. "I>o you expect a 
man can mange his face?" snapped Mrs. 
Henpecki as she dragged her husband after 
her. — Yonkers Statesman. 

l!EB |G (gMTOM 


The first in the field 
and still unrivalled 

In ven ltd by the great chemist Justus von Lie- 
Bto, whose signature is on every jar, and made 
by the Liebig COMPANY for over 80 years. 
For improved and economic cookery 

For delicious, refreshing beef tea 

George Morrow & Go, 

(Established 1854.) 


Commission Merchants. 

39 Clay St. and 28 Commercial St., S. P. 
Branches at Bay District, Ingleslde, and Third 
St. Hay "Wharf. Telephone No. 35. 

San Francisco Window Gleaning 


Windows cleaned, floors scrubbed, stores, 
offices, and general house oleaning at very 
reasonable prices. Contracts made for 
cleaning by the week or month. 
Telephone 5113. 

Seal Rock House 

328 Sutter St. 


Splendid view of the famous Seal Rocks 
Elegant breakfasts, lunches, and refresh- 
ments of all kinds. Hotel accommoda- 
tions on the European plan 
Ht. Doscbler, prop. Telephone west 31-3 

Laurel Palace 

Rome Harris. 

N. W. Corner Kearny 
and Bush streets. 

San Francisco 


Also, Junction Market and Eddy Sts., S.P. 


at lop ftactpn'c porum saloon, 

elUD Odd 1)1 U J> 141 Montgomery St. 
Ladies' Cafe — Entrance, Trinity St. Merchants' 
Lunch 12 to 2. Spanish Lunch, 4 p. m. to 12. 


J. M. PARKER & CO., 
206 Sutter street. 


Bookbinder, Paper-Ruler, Printer 
and Blank Book Manufacturer. 
516 Commercial St., S. F. 

WHITMAN'^ PnT3 > Delicious Flavor. 

wwrtl I IVIMIV O Mix with boiling milker 
INSTANTANEOUS water, and it's made. 
*^n. ,,_.—._. . -____ Stephen F. Whitman & Soi, 
CWOCOL^ TE. Philadelphia. ' 

. T/ie MorVa>rc/\9f 

1 greakfasf foods. 




July 18, 1896 

SAVE in the way of weddings, there is nothing of mo- 
ment taking place in town, the resorts claim our 
fashionable folk, and of these Del Monte is getting the 
lion's share. Life there has been very pleasant of late, as, 
indeed, when is it not? But a goodly portion of the crowd 
which was drawn thereto witness the festivity at Monterey 
has remained and made itself very lively. Nearly all of 
the expected summer resident guests have now put in 
their appearance; Mrs. Hager, who is ever foremost in 
making those around her have "a good time," is untiring 
in her devices for the enjoyment of her especial set. Her 
immediate circle has been enlarged by the arrival of the 
Frank Hicks' from Los Angeles, who will remain some 
time, and among other recent arrivals at Del Monte are 
Mrs. and Miss Flora Low, Mrs. Jim Robinson, Mrs. C. A. 
Spreckels, etc. Spanish suppers at Monterey seem to be 
holding front rank as a novel form of entertainment by 
our beau monde there assembled, who are indulging in them 
extensively at present. 

Life at San Rafael has settled down again into the quiet 
routine which was broken by the gaieties of the National 
holiday. There have been some departures, but fewer 
than usual after the "Fourth, and they were mainly those 
who merely went there for the holiday period. Castle 
Crags does not seem to be so popular a place of resort as 
it was last season, but our people like change, and it is 
seldom that fashionable folk are found for two succeeding 
years at the same place unless it be at Del Monte, where 
satiety is nevei felt and dullness is a thing unknown. 

What a contrast to the never-ending charm and delights 
of Del Monte were the rude comforts of our fashionable re- 
sorts of forty years ago with which the society folk of San 
Francisco had, perforce, to be content. Earliest among 
these, and for a time the only place for an outing, was 
"Tony Oaks," at San Mateo, which was merely a road- 
side inn, and its chief feature a wide-spreading tree, uuder- 
neath whose shade the guests were wont to await the onlv 
exciting events of the day— the arrival of the stages which 
ran between San Francisco and San Jose, and which, en 
route, made a brief stay for the refreshment of man and 
beast. Great were the rejoicings, therefore, when, in 
1856, the large hotel was built at the White Sulphur 
Springs, near St. Helena, in Napa Valley. It was almost 
a day's journey to reach it; first, by the steamboat which 
three times a week ran up the bay and the winding Napa 
Creek to Napa City, and then by stage through clouds of 
blinding dust to the lovely canyon in which the hotel was 
situated. It was a long two-storied building with broad 
verandas, and almost entirely given over to the ladies dur- 
ing the week. There were few gentlemen of leisure in 
those days, and they usually appeared by the stage on 
Saturdays when, if there were enough of 'them, there was 
a dance in the dining-room in the evening, to the music of 
a harp and violin. After the destruction of the hotel bv 
fire, in the third year of its existence, the Warm Springs, 
at San Jose, sprang into popularity, and, for a long time, 
was the haven sought by the fashion of San Francisco for 
a brief holiday. There were few of the comforts and none 
of the luxuries of life obtainable at these resorts, and vet 
they were well patronized, and, during "the season," 
which in those days was limited to July and part of August, 
it was difficult to obtain accommodation. Now, the resorts 
are so many, and for the most part so comfortable, the 
difficulty is to find guests to fill them! 

Mr. and Mrs. Alvord have returned from their trip to 
Alaska and expect to spend the rest of the summer at 
Santa Monica. Mr. and Mrs. Claus Spreckels and Miss 
Emma have returned from a three months' absence spent 
in Europe. Joe Grant, who is en route homewards from 
Europe, will be an acceptable addition to the beaux at 
Del Monte, where Mr. and Mrs. Adam Grant are spending 
the summer. 

Mill Valley will be en fete to-night, and, if the atmos- 
phere but prove clear, those benighted ones who are still 
to be found in San Francisco will have a view of the illum- 
inations on Mount Tamalpais, which promise to be worth 
seeing. The promised files of Sausalito and Belvedere ap- 
pear to be hanging fire, and, possibly owing to the coming 
carnival of the Golden Gate, they may be reserved for an- 
other year, which will not be so full of such doings as 1896 
has proved to be. 

Again there is disappointment in society circles at the 
loss of an anticipated brilliant wedding in the swim, in the 
postponement of the nuptial ceremony of Miss Belle Mc- 
Kenna and Peter Martin, but, as compensation, there is 
another one looming into view through the recently an- 
nounced engagement of Miss Jennie Catherwood and Dr. 
Grinnell, of New York ; that is, if it does not prove, as is 
rumored, a country wedding at the Napa ranch of the 
bride-elect's mother, Mrs. Catherwood- Darling. A bril- 
liant function at the Presidio, such as Mrs. Darling knows 
so well how to give, or in the city, would be much more to 
the taste of her friends, and what they are all hoping for. 

An out-of-town wedding which has been of interest 
hereabouts was that of Miss Olive Bray and Charles H. 
Adams of Menlo Park, which took place at Carson City, 
the bride's home, on Wednesday last. 

Mrs. W. I. Kip and her daughters left on Thursday for 
Deer Park Inn, where they will pass the rest of July and 
the month of August. Dr. and Mrs. Brigham are occupy- 
ing their pretty cottage at Lake Tahoe, and to the same 
romantic locality have gone Mrs. Homer King and also 
Miss Ethel Cohen, where she expects to remain for several 
weeks. Mrs. John Boggs and Miss Alice are passing the 
month of July at Castle Crags. John Perry Jr., Mr. and 
Mrs. Grant Selfridge, Mrs. and Misses O'Connor, are 
among the latest acquisitions at the Hotel Rafael. Mr. 
and Mrs. E. J. McCutcheon, who are expected back from 
abroad in about three weeks, will occupy the Lansing 
house on Pacific avenue upon their return. Miss Romie 
Wallace's friends have been showering congratulations 
upon her over her recent narrow escape from serious in- 
jury in the accident which occurred to her while driving at 
San Rafael. 

A nother new engagement was made known by Dr. W. 
J. Younger las I Wednesday upon his return from a 
lengthened absence in the East; it is that of his youngest 
daughter, Miss Alice Younger, to Baron Laval Nugent, 
an officer in the Austrian army. While the fair bride elect 
is almost unknown in society circles in San Francisco, 
owing to her youth, her two elder sisters have been popu- 
lar members of it for several years past, and the wedding 
of Miss Bessie Younger and Bruce McDonald is being 
looked forward to as an event of the near future. Dr. 
Younger gives forth another piece of news that may not 
probably be so pleasing to the friends of that genial medico, 
1. c, his intention of making Chicago his place of future 
residence, and that his present visit here will be very brief. 

If you want the most exquisite tea 
that we know how to produce, try 
Schillings Best Ideal Blend — several teas 
from the finest gardens in different parts 
of the world, blended by us with only 
one purpose in view : to provide you 
with the most delicate and charming 
tea-flavor obtainable for any reasonable 

Some of you have paid $4 and $5 a 
pound for tea no better than Schilling's 
Best Ideal Blend at $1.25 a pound. 

A. Schilling & Company, 
San Francisco. 

July iS, 1896. 



Since the opening of the Hinrichs' season at the Tivoli, 
society has given that popular house a large share of its 
patronage. .Minium will be sung on Monday, Tuesday, 
Friday and Sunday nights of next week. On Wednesday 
and Saturday evenings, Martha will be given. Thursday 
will be the twenty-fifth anniversary of Gustav Hinrichs' 
directorship. A special bill has been prepared for the 
night's performance to celebrate the event. It includes 
Pagliacci, the orchestral prelude to Humperdinck's /Inns, I 
ana Gretel, and the overture to Onft'-Ora, an opera by Mr. 

Her Royal Highness Princess Mary, Duchess of Teck, 
and His Royal Highness the Duke of Teck dined with Mr. 
and Mrs. Bonynge on Tuesday June 23rd at their residence, 
Princess Gate, London. A distinguished company were 
invited to meet them. 

Dr. Byron W. Haines, Mrs. Haines and Miss Haines 
have returned from Honolulu, at which delightful place 
they spent a month, and are now stopping at the Occi- 
dental Hotel. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Marion Ruth 
Benson, daughter of Major Henry M. Benson, to Mr. 
Harold Holbrook Blinn of this city. 

Julian L. Waller and Miss Violet Costigan, of Livermore, 
were married in this city on Tuesday last. The wedding 
was a very pretty one. 

The Diamond Palace. 
One of San Francisco's special attractions is the Diamond Palace, 
on Montgomery street, of which Colonel A. Andrews is the pro- 
prietor. Visitors from all over the country know the excellence of 
the jewelry sold in that world-famous establishment. The lovely 
gems and other goods are all being sold out far below cost, and if you 
want a good thing at a reasonable figure, step into the Diamond 
Palace and get it. The entire stock is being closed out at a sacrifice. 

Sunburn and Freckles removed by "Cream of Oratge Blossoms." In 
jars, 60c. Pacific Perfumery Co. San Francisco. 


Hon. Tiivv I. Ford, who. by his untiring efforts in the 
interest of the minors of California, lias earned for 
himself the above title, and who so ably championed their 

cause at Washing- 
ton during the 
cent session of Con- 
gress, is one of the 
foremost men of this 
State. Coming to 
California in 1877 
from Missouri, his 
native State, he 
worked as a farm 
hand in the Sacra- 
mento Valley until 
1880, when, having 
laid by a few hundred 
dollars, he began the 
study of law at 
Chico, removing 
thence to Downie- 
ville, where he be- 
gan the practice of 
his profession. He 
was elected District 
Attorney of Sierra 
County in 1888, re- 
elected without op- 
position in 1890, and 
elected to the State 
Senate in 1892, serv- 
ing in the Legislative sessions of 1893 and 1895. He is at 
present attorney for the Board of State Harbor Commis- 
sioners, having removed to this city, where he now resides. 

Hon. Tirey L. Ford. 

The Teeth 
of the Gale' 


On June, 1C96, 
Captain Charlsen (formerly an of- 
ficer on Mr. John Jacob Astor's 
yacht) and his brother sailed from 
New York for Queenstown, via the 
Northern passage, in their twenty- 
foot open boat, the "SOZODONT." 
If they arrive safely, the Sozodont 
will make a tour of seaport cities in 
Northern Europe and sail for New 
York next Summer, Eclipsing All 
Transatlantic Records for Small 

A "half-tone" picture of the Sozo- 
f!<tiit for the postage, two cents, or a 
s.imple bottle of liquid Sozodont, inclrd- 
ingr a sample enke of Sozoderma Soap, for 
the postage, three cents, or all for five 
cents, provided you mention this publica- 
tion. Address Hall &, Ritckel, New 
York, proprietors of Sozodont and other 
well-known preparations. 



July 18, 1896. 

E. P. $piGAN, 
sihIc Controller and Member of the state Board of Equalization. 


TO what man, woman, or child is the name of the White 
House not known ? We feel safe in asserting that, 
from one end of California to the other, it is as a house- 
hold word, either looked forward to by those who are 
about to pay our metropolis a visit, or favorably remem- 
bered by those who have been here and have made their 
purchases at that great establishment. Eastern visitors 
are also lavish in their praise of our largest drygoods 
house, and have often remarked that the beautiful goods 
on exhibition there are as fine and tempting as any they 
may have seen at the counters of their own fashionable 
stores. San Francisco is far removed from London and 
Paris, but that does not keep the White House from get- 
ting the very latest things out in cloths, silks, laces, and 
other finery wherein the heart of fair woman delighteth. 
The goods are all of the best quality, too; and, even if a 
low figure appears on an article, you can always feel as- 
sured that it is the best of its kind. The management of 
the White House wish to attract all buyers, and, when 
once people have been there, they always go again. The 
art of giving satisfaction i« the art of succeeding in busi- 
ness, and, because it gives such satisfaction, is the chief 
reason why the White House to-day is always full of shop- 
pers, and why it has not yet complained of the stringency 
affecting its rivals. For "long years this trade has been 
built up, slowly but surely, and to-day it would be hard to 
find a lady who would not willingly traverse the entire 
town to satisfy her wants at those counters sooner than 
patronize any other. The White House deserves its suc- 
cess, for it has been one of the factors that have helped to 
build up San Francisco. 

THE sympathy of the entire busiuess community will 
certainly be extended Colonel F. S. Chadbourne, who, 
owing to hard times and general stringency, has been 
forced to go into insolvency. Colonel Chadbourne was at 
one time the largest furniture dealer on this Coast, and 
gave employment to hundreds of men in this city, and in. 
Los Angeles, San Diego, Portland and Seattle. The labor 
unions, however, with their accustomed short-sightedness, 
undermined him, and one by one his large houses were 
closed up. The Colonel is generous to an extreme, and 
willingly went on many a man's bond without securing him- 
self in any way, with the result that he was often shame- 
fully deceived. It is understood that as soon as his affairs 
are settled, he will embark once more in business. That 
he may meet with good fortune and prosperity again is 
the wish of the many people who know him. 

A Prominent Democratic Leader find a Bright Young Lawyer. 


GREAT indeed has been the progress of San Francisco 
during the last years. Streets that were once 
dreary sand wastes are now covered with imposing build- 
ings and the cobble stones and patent pavements have 
taken the place of the brush and the desert grass. Every 
year fresh buildings are springing up to beautify the city 
and strangers visiting here can hardly realize that this is 
not a city of two hundred years instead of less than half a 
century. One of the most elegant buildings now in course 
of construction and nearing completion is the Hobart 
Building, belonging to the Hobart Estate, and situated on 
Post street between Stockton Street and Grant Avenue. 
Percy and Hamilton, of 532 Market street, designed the 
plans for the building which is to have an imposing stone 
front of five stories. These five stories are surmounted 
by a mansard roof, forming the sixth story. There is no 
chance of the building ever falling in as the foundation is 
as firm as a rock. The building has a frontage of 67. 6 feet 
on Post Street and the same on Morton street, with a 
depth of 120 feet. The basements under the building are 
high, airy and light and extend far under the sidewalk. 
The lower story is so constructed that it can be used for 
one store or two and the upper floors are intended for 
rooms and commercial purposes. The building will be 
plastered throughout on metal lathes and will have one 
inch of mortar between double floors, thus ensuring safety 
in case of fire. Electric freight and passenger elevators 
will be installed and everything done to make it an up-to- 
date building in all respects. We feel sure that as soon as 
it is opened every available room therein will immediately 
be occupied. The building is right in the heart of the 
business centre and is surrounded by fine stores. 

A Strong Recommendation. 
The American Whiskey which has actually made a permanent 
reputation on this side of the water is the "Old Saratoga." It was 
drunk at the Coronation of the Czar, and it is rumored in Court 
circles that Alexander has abandoned Vodke, the National Russian 
beveraee, for this delicious New World product. The preference of a 
mighty potentate like the Czar of all Ihe Russias at once established 
the popularity of such an excellent article as the "Old Saratoga." 
It has the sure foundation of great purity and surpassing delicacy of 
flavor to rest upon. — St. Petersburg English News. 

A woman in the suburbs has named one of her hens 

'Macduff," so that it may lay on. 

Use Richardson & Robbins' canned and potted meats for picnics. 

O n 
<0 ° 

cC ° 

uj * 
5. a 


LU i 

t- £ 
Q- * 

Price Per Copy, 10 Cent*. 

Annuo! SubtcriptUM, Si.OO. 

t *N '"^?««eo 

(tfalif xrrralfjvp btxtx sjer. 

Vol. LIII. 


Number 4. 

Printed and Published every Saturday by the proprietor, FRED MARRIOTT 
me-€0S-613 Merchant street, San Francisco. Bntertd at San Francisco 
Postoffice as Second-class Matter. 

The o])Ut of the NEWS LETTER (n Neic York City is at Temple Court; 
and at Chicago. 903 Boyce Building, {Frank E Morrison. Eastern 
Representative), where information maybe obtained regarding subscrip- 
tion and advertising rates. 

THE report of imports and exports furnished by the 
Collector of the Port shows that in business this city 
stands to-day exactly where it was a year ago. Further 
comment is unnecessary. 

SOME enemy of Bryan has remarked a facial resem- 
blance between the boy orator of the Platte and Dr. 
Dille. Both are richly endowed with mouth, but Bryan 
has the advantage of brains to back his tongue. 

INVESTIGATION would probably show that the circul- 
ation of the Police Gazette is falling off in this city. 
The Examiner strives every Sunday to supply the demand 
for salacious pictures and suggestive "stories." 

GENERAL Wade Hampton made some very wise re- 
marks anent the Reilly and Powers Funding Bills. 
They go to prove that intelligent people in the East are 
not in sympathy with the erratic views held by a few 
blatant demagogues in this portion of the country. 

UNLESS the heads of the police department prove 
themselves capable of performing the duties for which 
they are so well paid, they should be removed and younger 
men given the opportunity to cope with the criminal ele- 
ment, which is rapidly gaining the upper hand in this com- 

UNLESS our honorable Mayor can behave himself in a 
dignified and gentlemanly manner, it may become 
necessary to oust him from the high position he is rapidly 
bringing into ridicule. We trust that, for the sake of the 
city, intelligent voters will see to it that an illiterate and 
unbalanced " man of the people " is never elected to this 
office again. 

IF every man will follow the dictates of his conscience and 
of his reason, he will know how to settle the important 
issues upon which hang the fate of the nation. To follow 
the average daily paper, which is merely a literary ad- 
junct to an unscrupulous business office, is merely to follow 
a phantom light which will surely lead you to destruction. 

"'THE Demon, Gold " is the title of a campaign tract in 
J. the interests of the silver miners. Such a designa- 
tion betokens the nature of the appeal that the owners of 
the silver mines are addressing to ignorance and fanatic- 
ism. Every anarchist is for free silver, and all the cranks 
and demagogues are rallying round Bryan's standard. 

WHEN war prevailed between the beasts and the birds, 
that nondescript animal, the bat, was found now on 
one side and now on the other, as the prospects of victory 
varied, aiming always to be found with the winners. 
Among the beasts it showed its teeth, in proof of kinship; 
while with the birds it spread its wings, in token of natural 
fealty. Eventually, as iEsop relates, it was despised and 
shunned by both sides, and ever since has lived in holes 
and caves, flying only by night, when birds and beasts 
have gone to sleep. Now we have political bats innumer- 
able, flitting between free coinage and the gold standard. 
And the most despicable creature of them all is a vampire 
of the "Monarch" variety. 

THE carelessness of employees in stoneyards is prover- 
bial. This week, two accidents of a serious nature 
have occurred on the premises of J. D. McGilvray & Co., 
corner Second and King streets. We feel justified in as- 
serting that in both cases the victims alone were to blame 
and that no responsibility can attach to any members of 
the firm. 

THE Populist party has been described as a compound 
of lunacy and grand larceny, but it has not been 
sufficiently crazy to nominate Debs for either President or 
Vice-Presidenir. However, should he "stand in" for 
Bryan, the latter might be willing to promise him an ap- 
pointment on the Interstate Commerce Commission, for 
which the distinguished gentleman is so eminently fitted. 

CHAIRMAN Alvord, of the Democratic State Central 
Committee, announces that he has buckled down to 
campaign work, and "means to keep at it for twenty-four 
hours a day, if necessary, from now till election." This 
whole-souled devotion cannot be too highly commended. 
But why not make it twenty-five hours a day, and thus 
outdo all other ambitious campaigners? 

THE preachers have taken to discussion of the silver 
question, and great is the obscuration thereof. At 
the last weekly meeting of the Presbyterian ministers in 
this city the Rev. Joseph Scott denounced the gold stand- 
ard as the "sum of the villainy of trade and traffic " and 
the "gigantic tool of monopoly." The reverend gentle- 
man seems to have derived his views of finance from the 
Gospel story of the money changers in the temple. 

ONE such capitalist and manufacturer as Claus 
Spreckels is of more benefit to California than a host 
of merely rich men who cannot be induced to invest a 
dollar in any enterprise that gives employment to labor. 
Mr. Spreckels declares that this State can and should 
make sugar enough to supply the rest of the Union. He 
means to devote time and energy, and a large share of his 
capital, to establishing this beet sugar industry. Had we 
a score or two of such millionaires, San Francisco would 
soon double in population and trade. 

THE frequency with which steamers are being stranded 
along our Coast seems to point to a carelessness on 
the part of the commanders, bordering on criminality. For 
these gentlemen to shield themselves behind the orders of 
their owners for dispatch is simply ridiculous. It is not at 
all likely that the owners, with all due desire for speedy 
voyages, would wish that the safety of the vessel be en- 
dangered for the sake of a few hours. It seems to us that 
the English law of canceling masters' certificates would 
occasionally be beneficial here. Apologies for disasters 
are too often made and too often accepted. 

THE continuous drain of gold from the United States 
Treasury is attributable to the doubt and apprehen- 
sious that prevail, both in this country and in Europe, as 
to the preservation of the existing parity between gold 
and our various other forms of money. With greenbacks 
to the amount of $340,000,000 in circulation, which the law 
requires to be reissued as fast as redeemed, there can 
never be an end to this depletion of the Treasury until 
either there is some remedial legislation or general confid- 
ence be restored. If the Government were to redeem 
greenbacks, on presentation, with silver dollars, instead 
of gold, that would at once send gold to a premium and 
the country would be on a silver basis. 


July 25, 1896. 


THE real signilioance of this Presidential campaign is 
grasped only by the historically instructed who have 
for the past twenty years watched the rapid growth of a 
popular sentiment that is all away from the old landmarks 
of the republic. There has been manifest a steady increase 
c f faith in the power of legislation to do things for men 
which men, for their own sakes, should be left to do for 
themselves. The whole tendency of the times among the 
obscure and drudging masses is now socialistic. The 
Democratic party, which has always been the party of the 
masses, has startled the coun try by what seems to the 
superficial a sudden departure from tradition. Its conver- 
sion to what is essentially Populism appears to the super- 
ficial to have been prompted by a fit of madness. Under 
the guise of advocacy of free coinage of silver the new 
leaders are really making an appeal to that sentiment 
which is as old as the world — the hostility of the laborious 
many against the relatively opulent few. The revolt 
against the sane conservatism of the Democratic party 
which has taken the form of Populism — and the Populists 
number their votes by the million — succeeded in imposing 
a portion of its programme on the Chicago convention. 
Democratic success in November would inevitably induce 
further yieldings. The programme includes pure fiat 
money, Government ownership of the land, of the railroads, 
the telegraph, the telephone, and of all public utilities. It 
also embraces the initiative, the referendum, the impera- 
tive mandate, and proportional representation. In sum, 
Populism triumphant means the abolition of representa- 
tive republican Government to make way for a co-opera- 
tive commonwealth under the unchecked rule of the major- 
ity, which would be the realization of the dream of the 

That proposals so radical, so revolutionary, so com- 
pletely opposite to the Jeffersonian idea that the world is 
governed too much, and that the happiest state is where 
the individual stands on his own feet and looks to the law 
only to protect him in his liberty to do the best that he 
can for himself under free competition — that such pro- 
posals, which favor collectivism and destroy individualism, 
should have received serious countenance from the great 
Democratic party, fills with natural alarm the property- 
owners, the rich of the United States. They have reason 
for their alarm, but from whom did the mortgaged farmer, 
the underpaid or unemployed wage-worker, and in general 
the humble or incapable classes, learn the habit of looking 
upon the Government of the republic as a terrestrial 
Providence possessing the power to apportion wealth or 
poverty to the citizen ? 

No matter what may be our place in life we cannot 
escape the inevitable law that we shall reap as we have 
sown. As a rule the rich men of the country have co-oper- 
ated with the Republican party, and that organization, by 
its devotion to protection, has been the teacher of the 
masses in the doctrine that it is not only the right but the 
duty of the Government to interfere with trade and indus- 
try, make itself the promoter of enterprises, the superin- 
tendent of manufactures, the regulator of profits, and the 
guardian of wages. In this canvass the Republicans are 
saying to the people : " Elect McKinley and you will have 
more protection and more prosperity." That is equivalent 
to saying : " Elect McKinley and the Government will see 
to it that the profits of employers shall be increased. And 
out of the dollars that the Government thus secures to 
your employers they will generously give cents to raise 
your wages." The theory is as false and as pernicious as 
any advanced by the wildest Populists. If the rich may 
use the Government to fill their pockets, is it remarkable 
that the poor should desire to do the same thiug ? 

This campaign will give the well-to-do a thorough fright; 
and its effect ought to be to impress their minds with the 
truth that in a country where manhood suffrage prevails 
it is not safe to familiarize the masses with the notion that 
the Government is a god holding in his hands a horn of 
plenty whose contents are to be showered on his favorites. 
When men get the idea that they can vote themselves rich 
it is not in human nature that they should refrain from 
trying to do it. The best result of the struggle of 1896 
between the masses and the classes will be to instruct the 
classes in the useful verity that what is sauce for the goose 

is sauce for the gander. If the classes persist in employ- 
ing the Government as a wealth conferring instrumentality 
they will find the masses following their selfish and short- 
sighted example. 

The utterly un-American, panic-producing, and double- 
edged doctrine of protection has, we hope, been given its 
death-blow by the irruption jf the Populistic hordes. For 
if the patricians are to have provinces to plunder and free 
access to the national treasury, the plebeians of Rome will 
insist on their dole of corn and oil. It is time to get back 
to the American principle that every man should be self- 
supporting, and that the true function of Government is 
to stand by as an unbiased umpire, commissioned to see 
that there shall be a fair field and no favor. 

As To The Bryanites are trying to render "bolting" 
Bolters, odious. But this year they are going to have 
their no gains for their pains. Men of all 
parties are going to vote in November without much re- 
gard to past party affiliations. Said one of the best 
known men in town: "Pretty nearly all my Republican 
friends are going to vote for Bryan, whilst my Democratic 
friends are as positively for McKinley." That may be 
somewhat of an exaggeration, but there is enough truth 
in it to fairly indicate the condition of politics at this time. 
The Bryanites are in a particularly bad condition to com- 
plain of bolting. Their leader at a meeting at Mount 
Vernon, Illinois, said as recently as the 17th of March last: 
"Nothing in heaven above, on the earth below, or in 
hell beneath could make me support a gold standard candi- 
date on a gold standard platform." He had already bolted 
in his own State and acted with a free silver faction against 
the regular Democratic organization, and he was ready to 
do the same thing with regard to the national ticket in 
the event of the nomination of a sound money man. He 
and his silver friends have no right to talk about the duty 
of "standing by the party" when they themselves said they 
would desert if it refused to be governed by their wishes. 
If Mr. Bryan was not willing to support a gold standard 
candidate, how can he blame gold standard men for de- 
clining to support a free silver candidate? Besides, he 
and his friends are even now bidding for bolters. The 
Populists are stray sheep from both folds and nothing so 
concerns him as to have them bolt to his pasturage. The 
right to bolt is as unquestionable as the right to vote. 

A Fifty Cent A Country's currency cannot be suddenly 
Dollar debased without loss to every man who 
Campaign, owns a dollar. It is proposed that the loss 
shall be about fifty per cent, or one half 
of the whole. One half the value of the dollars a man has 
in a savings Bank, or in a Building Society, or in stocks, 
or hoarded away in any manner, is thus wiped out by a 
single stroke. The total to be thus swept away is some- 
thing enormous, and the only thing that is saving the 
country at this moment from panic and dire distress is the 
belief that the masses will have come to a sober second 
thought by election day. Perhaps they will, and perhaps 
they will not. The tens of thousands of " Boy orators " 
who are now abroad in the land, are not as promising for 
sobriety of any kind as could be wished. In fact, it looks 
as if they may be able to keep the minds of a majority of 
our countrymen drunken up to the very last moment. The 
sobering-up process in that case, must necessarily be slow 
and painful beyond anything this generation knows, or has 
the capacity to imagine. From the coming to such a pass, 
even we of the guild of unrighteousness, may well pray the 
good Lord to deliver us. 

The currency of the United States ought to be as sound 
as its constitution and as stainless as its flag. You might 
as well, with ruthless hands, take half the stars out of 
Old Glory, as to subtract half the value from an Ameri- 
can's dollar. Men who owe more than they own may pro- 
fit by paying their debts with fifty cent dollars, but that 
is repudiation, pure and simple. It is, moreover, the 
legalizing of dishonesty, which no nation at this time of 
day can afford to do. Repudiation has happily come to be 
esteemed the crime that it is; one that no nation and no 
man can live down. It means national dishonor, and with 
that away goes our credit abroad and our commerce with 
all nations. It further means distrust of each other and 
of our Government, and that in an era when confidence is 

July 25, 1896. 


the key to business activity and prosperity. Men will not 
lend standard money, or sell goods at standard value, and 
accept as standard that which has depreciated one half. 

To build our much needed railroads and to preserve the 
Union we have borrowed the gold of the saving clasi 
Germany, France, and England, and now we propose to 
make it lawful to repay them with silver worth only oue 
half the gold they loaned us. Far less provocation has led 
to great wars, and if the matter were to be arbitrated, 
no independent tribunal in the world would find for us. 
The law of Nations would justify the levying of tribute up- 
on New York. San Francisco, and our other great ports, 
in order to collect the balance due. The chances are that 
we could not be as dishonest as some of us are proposing 
to be, if we would. We have got assets and they can be 

The fifty cent dollar would depreciate by nearly one half 
the circulating medium of the country, and thus strike 
fifty per cent off the savings of the people; it would work 
the everlasting ruin of the wage earner, who would have 
to pay double prices for everything, without the power to 
enhance his own wages in a like ratio. He would have to 
purchase his hundred cents dollar bread, with his fifty 
cents on the dollar wage. And so it would be with every- 
thing he must needs purchase. No man who by reading 
or seeing, knows anything of the ways of the world, can 
be ignorant of the fact that laborers who earn their liveli- 
hood by their day's work, are the first to suffer from a rise 
in the price of commodities, or a shrinkage in the purchas- 
ing power of their wage. 

The working men's true demand is this: — we want gold 
and silver coin put in circulation at a ratio that will insure 
the holder of a gold or a silver dollar 100 cents worth of 
the world's goods. Such a ratio is at present 30 grains of 
silver to one of gold. To declare that there shall be free 
and unlimited coinage of silver at a ratio of 16 to 1, the 
same being a legal tender in payment of all debts, public 
and private, is to defy the market quotation of the world. 
It cannot be done on a solvent basis, and by those at the 
bottom of the plot it is not intended it shall be done. The 
silver mine owners of the West are supplying the money 
that is talking so loudly in this campaign, and the debtor 
class, to be found mostly in the South, promise to supply 
the necessary votes. We do not believe it possible for the 
rest of their countrymen to be beguiled by men with such 
questionable motives. 

. Newlands Our own Frank Newlands, who was tempor- 
On Silver, ary chairman of the straight silver Conven- 
tion, delivered the clearest, most logical and 
best speech on the silver side that has so far been heard in 
this campaign. As the two speeches appear in clear print 
he far surpasses "the boy orator of the Platte." Logical 
to the last degree, unfortunately for him and his cause, 
his premise is as much at fault as the baseless fabric of a 
dream. The whole superstructure he builds up is based 
upon a prophesy that is impossible of fulfillment. If he 
could guarantee that the free coinage of silver at the ratio 
of 16 to 1 would have the effect of bringing silver bullion 
up to a parity with gold bullion, there would be no gold 
standard men in this country, although the debtors of the 
South would still continue clamoring for a fifty cent dollar. 
They see the advantage of selling their cotton for gold, 
and paying their labor in silver. Therefore, if free coin- 
age'at 16 to 1 could possibly have the effect that Mr. 
Newlands predicts, there would be no free silver men 
among the planters of the South or the farmers of the 
West. What they are after is cheap dollars and that 
means keeping silver where it is in the markets of the 
world. What the silver mine owners desire is that the 
value of silver may be enhanced by any and all likely 
means. No wonder that there are two totally irrecon- 
cilable conventions. Their purposes are as wide apart as 
the poles. The one wants to make silver dear, while the 
other desires to make it cheap. The cheaper the dollar 
the easier debts are paid. It is true that the creditor is 
swindled out of the difference, but who, cares for the 
creditor these times? We borrowed gold, and it would be 
first-class financiering to repay it with 50 cents on the dol- 
lar, and that is precisely what is hoped for by the debtor 
class, but which Mr. Newlands vainly hopes they will not 

Uncle Adolph's The return of Mayor Slitro from his 
Game. vacation for which rest San Francisco 

was thankful- has been signalized by a re- 
newal of those remarkable outbreaks to which the public 
has become accustomed, if not reconciled. The Mayor 
cannot sit down with the other Election Commissioners 
and discuss anything in a rational manner. The smallest 
opposition to any of his least important propositions drives 
him into a violent oratorical rage, or what looks like a 
rage. City Attorney Creswell, who is obliged to meet the 
Mayor on various hoards, has already given it as his judg- 
ment thai Mr. Sutro is insane. Perhaps, but we doubt it. 
The theory that he is playing- the role of an impassioned 
demagogue and good business man accounts for all the 
symptoms as well as does the theory of lunacy. Mr. Cres- 
well is a remarkably patient and charitable man, or he 
would not bear as he does with his unpleasant associate's 
cyclones of denunciatory speech. Mr. Creswell is from 
Nevada, and so is Mr. Sutro. Mr. Creswell brought from 
there, as a District Attorney and a State Senator, a repu- 
tation for probity that won him repeated election to his 
present position in this city. Mr. Sutro brought with him 
a vast fortune, made out of a tunnel that represents only 
loss to the Americans and foreigners who supplied the 
money to construct it. The tunnel is still there, and Sutro 
is here. The peculiar readiness of the Mayor to shout that 
everybody who does not instantly fall in behind him at the 
tap of his drum is corrupt, suggests rather the influence 
of experience and memory than exceptional honesty. Were 
Sutro the victim of dementia, he would blurt out some of 
the secrets relating to his past, to the origin of his wealth. 
But be never does that. His anger at rascality is always 
aimed at others. Neither is there any sign of mental 
alienation in the care which he gives to his private busi- 
ness. It costs more, for instance, to swim in his tanks 
than in any other baths on the peninsula. And out at the 
Heights there is no device for catching stray nickels which 
any cheap showman could think of that isn't set as care- 
fully as a rat-trap. Has anybody heard that the Mayor 
lets his building lots go for a penny less than the highest 
market rate ? Your Uncle Adolph, in short, is a« keen as 
any other uncle when it comes to business, and it really is 
an absurdity to think that a man whose brain is not in 
good working order can run a pawnbroker's shop. 

No, Mayor Sutro is not insane. He is merely a wily old 
money-maker, who comprehends the value of advertising 
and wants to get it as cheap as it is to be had. When he 
can make a scene at the City Hall calculated to stir the 
great heart of the people south of Market street, he gets 
whole columns from the dailies for nothing. He knows 
that, generally speaking, the people need washing, and if 
he can induce them from motives of mingled admiration 
and patriotism to pay admission to his baths he has done a 
great stroke for Sutro. Once at the Cliff, too, a certain 
proportion of the visitors are certain to be caught by the 
side-shows, which are almost pure profit. 

On the whole, we are inclined to think that thrifty 
Uncle Adolph has the laugh on San Francisco as com- 
pletely as he had, and still has, on the stockholders of the 
Sutro Tunnel. 

The Pope's The hopes of those who believed it possible 
Latest to effect a certain degree of union between 

Encyclical, the Anglican, Greek and Roman churches 
have just been dashed. Pope Leo XIII. 
has made public a declaration of Papal policy at once 
temperate, dignified, and charitable, but makes it clear 
that in no single particular, either of discipline or doctrine, 
will the claims of the Papal See be relaxed. Reunion can- 
not be made the subject of compromise, or even of nego- 
tiation. The arms of the Church are ever open to receive 
all who choose to confess their heresy, repent, and return, 
but further than that she cannot and will not go. She is the 
one and only church, and her Pope its Divinely appointed 
Head as the due and regular successor of St. Peter in the 
Primacy. This dicta is believed to have been brought out 
by a recent expression of opinion on the part of Mr. Glad- 
stone who felt that in time good would be evolved if there 
were a present recognition of the regularity of each other's 
clergy by the Roman and Anglican Churches. When 
Newman and Manning were received into the Catholic 
church the regularity of their previous ordination was 


July 25, 1896. 

recognized and this practice, Mr. Gladstone thought, 
might be extended with benefit to both sides. It would 
enable the clergy of both communions to associate to- 
gether more freely, and that, in the end, he thought 
would be productive of good. But the Holy Father firmly 
puts his foot down and says nay. He proclaims that those 
who have not made submission, and are not in actual cor- 
porate fellowship with the inheritors of Apostolic grace 
are aliens, not brethren. He argues that as there cannot 
be two Governments of one State, so there can be no com- 
munion with those who would disrupt the one Church. 
That Church is not only a Divine institution, but it is the 
only Divine institution charged with the spiritual affairs of 
this world. Unquestioning capitulation is now, as ever, 
the ultimatum of Rome. "All men must come to realize," 
says the Pope, "that they can in no wise be counted 
among the children of God, unless they take Christ Jesus 
as their Brother, and at the same time the church as their 
Mother.'' To the extent to which a mother's authority is 
superior to that of a brother, the church would seem to 
be the more commanding of the iwo. All this was to be 
expected. Anything less imperious would have been an 
abandonment of historical position and a weakening of 
traditional claims. The argumeut of the encyclical is, or 
ought to be, familiar to those who have any tincture of 
theological reading. The gentleness, and charity of Leo 
XIII has caused all this to be put in winning words, lack- 
ing the fulminations of bis predecessors, but the substance 
of his contention remains the same. 

Unanswered Over a month ago the San Francisco Star 
Charges. came out with a three-column article 
wherein was portrayed in unequivocal 
Anglo-Saxon the character of one B. F. Hudelson, Presi- 
dent of the American Protective Association. This man, 
the head of a bigoted and illiterate horde of men and wo- 
men who are more "foreign" to this country than are the 
lowest of immigrants, was denounced as a tin-horn gam- 
bler, as a vile wretch who has "lived" off the earnings of 
unfortunate women, as a woman beater, as a vagrant, as 
a blackmailer and a whole lot of other things too numerous 
and objectionable to mention. The man's record was laid 
bare to the world and it is a record that should bring a 
blush to the face of the most hardened gallows bird in San 
Quentin. So far, Mr. Hudelson has taken no action in the 
matter. Truly, he made some bluster about bringing suits for 
libel against the writer of the article, but at bluster it 
remained and nothing has been done to this day. From 
this we infer that the man is guilty and that he is silent 
because he fears that other and worse crimes he may have 
committed may also be brought to light should he ever 
brave the ordeal of a cross-examination. Why, then, is 
he still permitted to walk the streets unpunished along 
with his cleaner fellows? And why is he allowed to heap 
vile slanders upon the saintly and delenceless women whose 
only sin consists of worshipping God at their own parti- 
cular shrine and in dedicating their lives to the poor and 
the unfortunate? It is absolutely farcical for us to prate 
of Californian breadth and generosity of spirit while such 
a state of affairs is permitted. This man should be forced 
to answer the charges made against him and when pro- 
nounced guilty, as he doubtless would be, should be in- 
vited to leave the State. By permitting such scoundrels 
to remain with us and stir the simmering waters of re- 
ligious dissension with their soiled fingers, we are not only 
lowering California in the eyes of the civilized world but 
are also fostering an ever-growing evil which may some 
day plunge us in all the horrors of another Civil War. 

A High- It is just as well to keep facts in mind 

Minded Press, when there is a popular howl up. If belief 
in free silver coinage is an evidence of 
anarchistic and socialistic proclivities— and who that reads 
the Republican newspapers from day to day can doubt it? 
— the Republican newspapers are mainly responsible. 
Every one of those in San Francisco preached free silver 
up to the day of McKinlcy's nomination. Throughout the 
State the party press, with scarcely an exception, 
whooped that way, whereas we know of but one Demo- 
cratic daily in California, the Stockton Mail, which has 
been an advocate of what now all our Republican contem- 
poraries stand aghast at as a civilization-ruining heresy. 

The Examiner has always been for gold, though it has not 
dared to say so plainly, because it values its subscribers 
and feared to offend the silver sentiment which its Repub- 
lican rivals had created and fostered. The Republican 
State Conventions of 1894 and 1896 both declared for free 
silver coinage at the ratio of 16 to 1, and sent delegations 
to the Republican National Conventions pledged to that 
policy. These are matters of record and not to be gain- 

The News Letter has always been for the gold stand- 
ard, and it is glad to have with it now, after so many 
years of difference, the united Republican press of the 
State. We only hope that the press will stay in permanence 
where the current national platform of its party has put 
it. The eager search for arguments to disprove what it 
has hitherto professed will, perhaps, supply it with con- 
victions — convictions by which it will stand, we fear, only 
until a convention composed of men it never saw and 
knows little about, orders it to turn head over heels and 
feed on its own words. 

Sound finance is important, but so is an honest press, 
and if, when the returns are in next November, it shall be 
revealed to the Republican editors of California — who have 
the misfortune to be nearly all politicians — that they have 
had no influence for the gold standard, they will under- 
stand why it is that the people have not listened to their 
new and better gospel. A more disgraceful exhibition of 
ratting in obedience to the party whip has never been 
given. Republican journalism in this State is naked, and 
it doesn't seem to deem it necessary to be the least bit 
ashamed. It is in line with McKinley, who has ever been 
ready to take either side of the money question as ex- 
pediency dictated. 

Regarding The rottenness of the daily press has 
Assessments, been made very conspicuous of late in 
the matter of the assessments of two 
or three monied institutions, the figures of which have 
been ordered lowered after mature consideration by the 
Supervisors, sitting as a Board of Equalization. These 
journals have entirely forgotten that at various times in 
the past, they themselves have been held up to the jeers of 
the public for the figures at which, with apparent fraudu- 
lent intent, they assessed their own property. With much 
noise they now attack the Spring Valley Water Company, 
the Market-St. Railway Company, the San Francisco Gas- 
light Company, and other prosperous and beneficial insti- 
tutions whose reduced assessments may amount to some 
$2,000,000, and yet they entirely overlook the fact that 
numerous smaller concerns and countless private people 
have had the same reductions granted them, the totals of 
which would certainly exceed that figure by a great 
amount. Hypocritical and unscrupulous as the daily press 
is known to be, this last assumption of interest in the 
city's welfare is the most farcical thing we have yet heard 

We reiterate the statement that the Examiner and the 
Call are themselves assessed at far lower rates, propor- 
tionately, than any of the companies alluded to. The Ex- 
aminer is assessed for only $51,070, while its value is per- 
haps not less than $1,000,000. In its insignificant assess- 
ment type-setting machines are put down at $25,500 and 
"machinery" at $24,500. As every publisher knows, this 
valuation of the plant is ridiculously small. The Call's 
assessment is likewise absurdly disproportionate to the 
actual value of the property. 

The total of the reductions made by the Supervisors, 
from the roll for 1896-97, is only about $3,600,000. The 
roll as submitted by the Assessor foots up $360,326,000 in 
round numbers. Thus the reductions are equivalent to no 
more than one per cent of the whole amount of the assess- 
ment. And yet there is nonsensical talk of an arbitrary 
raising of the whole roll by the State Board of Equaliza- 
tion, because of the relatively insignificant reductions made 
by the local Board. If the facts could be ascertained, it 
would probably be found that the reductions in the City 
and County of San Francisco are proportionately smaller, 
taking the total valuations into consideration, than those 
made in the great majority of the other counties in the 
State. It is simply ridiculous to say that a reduction of 
one per cent would warrant an arbitrary raise by the 

July 25, 1896. 


State Board, in the face of a large net increase in the total 


But, say the agitators, the reductions made in San 
Francisco show discrimination in favor of corporal inns. 
There is no just ground for this assertion. Take the case 
of the Spring V alley Water Company, for example. Until 
this year its franchise was never assessed at more than 
$1. .1(10,000, and that figure represents an increase over 
the assessment that prevailed until a late period. But, 
on the present role, the Assessor placed it at $2,500,000, 
an arbitrary increase of a million, or 6li per cent. The 
Board simply reduced this assessment to what it was be- 
fore. Now, it may Dot be generally understood that the 
water rates are fixed, as the law requires, so as to afford 
to the company and the stockholders a reasonable return 
on a total sum which includes operating expenses and 
taxes: so that the more taxes the compa^- is obliged to 
pay, the greater must be the water rates. It thus ap- 
pears that increasing the assessment of the water com- 
pany, so far from doing the public a benefit, is merely a 
taking of the money from one pocket of the people and put- 
ting it into the other. The Company's assessment now 
stands, after equalization, at $2,549,265, the same as it 
was last year, which is high enough in all conscience. 

The assessment of the Market Street Railway Company's 
franchise has, heretofore, been $1,500,000. This year the 
Assessor arbitrarily raised it to $2,500,000, and the Board 
of Supervisors has justly reduced it to $2,000,000. 

As to the Gas Company, the assessment of its improve- 
ments, which was made at $35,000, was reduced, on the 
Assessor's own recommendation, to $15,000. The com- 
pany's real estate is assessed at $618,270, the Supervisors 
refusing to make any reduction, although the same would 
have been equally in order. The company further proved 
that its charges for gas have been materially reduced. 
For this and other reasons presented, the Board was fully 
warranted in reducing the assessment of the Gas Com- 
pany's franchise to $1,000,000, the same as it was last 
year, the Assessor having imposed a much higher figure. 
And though the assessment of the Edison Light and Power 
Company was reduced from $700,000 to $500,000, the lat- 
ter valuation represents a very great increase over the 
assessment of last year. 

When the daily papers cease toadying to a few dema- 
gogues and sand-lot politicians, and attend somewhat 
to the interests of the people who help make this city, 
there will be some use for them. At present the paper 
they are printed on is merely so much waste. 

Ah Era of The nomination of Joseph P. Kelly for Con- 
Vindication, gress in the Fifth District is another proof 
that an era of unexampled independence is 
upon us. Two years ago Mr. Kelly was the candidate, 
and, just because Mr. Max Popper testified that when he 
paid money to boodle Supervisors to vote to keep him in 
the enjoyment of a street-sweeping contract, he handed 
the coin over to Mr. Kelly, the Democratic State Central 
Comioaittee took Mr. Kelly down from the ticketl and put 
Mr. James Denman up in his place. Now Mr. Kelly has 
sought a vindication. He sought one at the polls, but 
didn't get it, Mr. Loud, Republican, being sent to Con- 
gress in his stead. Yet Mr. Kelly has started well on his 
second run around the Fifth District Track in quest of the 
vindication. The chairman of the convention which renom- 
' mated him was no less a personage than the Mr. James 
Denman who was elevated officially to represent the prin- 
ciple of Virtue, as opposed to Crime in 1894. And to ren- 
der Mr. Kelly's preliminary triumph the more overwhelm- 
ing, his sponsor to the convention was ex-Judge Levy, a 
jurist whose name alone ought to be a tower of strength 
to any gentleman seeking rehabilitation of his reputation 
at the hands of the people. It is far from unlikely that 
Judge Levy will ask from the approaching Democratic 
Municipal Convention the favor of a chance to demonstrate 
that the voters were mistaken in thinking that he had 
been on the bench long enough. 

Mr. Kelly having proved that, in the opinion of the repre- 
sentatives of the Fifth District, he is a better man than 
the impassioned Barry and the astonished Clunie, it does 
not surprise to learn that Police Judge Campbell thinks of 
running for Congress. Why his Honor should harbor an 
ambition to forsake the sure emoluments and the solid dis- 

titution of :\ Mutineer of drunks for the doubtful oppor- 
tunities of the National Legislature can only be explained 
by a reference to Homer Davenport's cartoons. That 
artist is fond of putting enormous beards on public men 
who are dear to the masses. It is true that both the 
candidates for the Presidency are clean-shaven, but 1900 
may be B whiskers year, and those who desire to be within 
ranee of national observation reasonably infer that it is 
well to be on view in Washington. Moreover, Judge Camp- 
bell having been frequently slandered, he is in want of a 

Meantime, in the metropolis of our beloved country, elo- 
quently opposing the forces of anarchy and pleading for a 
return of protection and prosperity, stalks the majestic 
figure of Sconchin Maloney, who is thus, by his own manly 
exertions, vindicating himself from the charge that he had 
gone stale. 

A Plea For The ladies of the Woman's State Federation 
The are doing good work by agitating for separ- 

Women. ate quarters wherein may be detained wo- 
men awaiting trial and unfortunates seeking 
employment after their release from a first imprisonment. 
However low a woman may fall, she still remains a woman 
and as such is entitled to the consideration, respect and 
protection of men. By keeping them apart from other 
prisoners and extending to them the kindliness which is 
never thrown away upon a woman's heart; more good can 
be done than by any subsequent corrective measures. We 
do not think that any woman would ever sin from choice. 
Necessity is a stern master and appears more terrible 
and exacting to a woman than to a man. Especially is 
this the case with young offenders, and we feel sure that 
with the care of a well-meaning and womanly matron 
many a young woman would be saved from the degrada- 
tion of a second arrest or the awful horrors of a life of 
continued vice. The house of detention should be pro- 
vided for immediately and it should be open to all comers. 
Mrs. Bates, the worthy President of the Woman's State 
Federation, hit the nail on the head when she said that the 
city "needed a place open to all, where there will be no 
red. tape and wax to be artistically handled while a needy 
one waits and starves." We would only suggest that the 
women detained there awaiting trial and those awaiting 
employment should be kept apart. First of all, how- 
ever, let the building be erected; the other matter will 
speedily regulate itself. 

Have You It behooves every citizen to betake himself 
Registered ? without loss of time to the Registrar's office 
at the City Hall, there to have himself en- 
rolled on the list of people entitled to vote at the coming 
election. The casting of a ballot is in reality a sacred 
duty, and is wisely considered, by all sane persons, the 
prerogative of the human male. Therefore, although it 
may make little difference to us what thieves are elected 
to office, no man should shirk his part of the responsibility 
of sending them there. Respectable people, men of solid 
business interests, are beginning to take an interest in 
civic affairs, and it is probable that in a few years politics 
will no longer be considered an absolutely filthy pool but 
will gradually become a happy medium — after the order of 
Mayor Sutra's Baths. This state of affairs, however, can 
only be brought about by every intelligent citizen putting 
in an appearance at the polls, and proving that although 
he may not possess the same influence as the ward heeler 
and the tough, he is, nevertheless, not afraid of either of 
them. The City Hall is*not even paved with good inten- 
tions, and it is time that we took the first steps to bring 
about a change in the way things are conducted therein. 
It is for this reason that we appeal to every citizen to 
register immediately and not to put it off until next week. 

THE Bulletin has long been the brightest evening 
journal published on this Coast. Its editorials are 
pithy and to the point and the paper is carefully edited 
throughout. The Bulletin has lately broadened the 
columns of its editorial page but recently there has been 
nothing narrow about it. 

E shudder to think of the consequences should the 
Democratic crank mate with the Populist wild ass. 



July 25, 1896. 


EDITOR NEWS LETTER— Si'r: Recurring to Mr. 
Scott's articles, in the February number of the Over- 
land, referring presumably to the indebtedness of our 
people, Mr. Scott likened the condition of the country to a 
ho isebold at the doors of which there were countless packs 
of ravenous wolves, yet at the conclusion of his May arti- 
cle he quotes Mr. Edward Atkinson to show that since 
1860 say to 1894 (chiefly from 78 to '94, under the gold 
standard), the condition of the mechanics of this country 
has been so improved that there is a net average gain in 
the lower cost of necessaries and the higher price of wages 
of $372 per year, or 54 per cent. This has mainly resulted 
since 1878, under resumption and gold standard; and 
similar improvement is just as marked in Europe, notably 
France, but particularly in Great Britain, agold standard 
free-trade country. How does Mr. Scott reconcile these 
increased wage earnings with that presumably famishing 
condition which, according to his rhetoric, has tilled the 
country with ravenous wolves? Mr. Scott says further, 

"The workman's standard of measurement is his labor. To hira the 
instrument of exchange— silver or gold— between his labor and re- 
quirements is insignificant. Probably in most cases his convenience 
would prefer payment part in silver and part in gold." 

This latter is doubtless correct under the present status, 
but surely Mr. Scott knows that under the independent 
unlimited free coinage of silver the workman would get no 
gold — silver only, and that would be worth 110 more in its 
purchasing power than its silver bullion value; then it 
would by no means be an insignificant question, but, on the 
contrary, one of vital importance to every wage-earner 
and savings bank depositor, and under such a state of 
affairs a simile of wolves might become peculiarly perti- 
nent. I repeat, a coin ig just as bad irhen debased by over- 
valuation, if not exchangeable for better, as when unduly al- 
loyed, clipped, or sweated. Professor Arthur T. Hadley, of 
Yale College, in his "Economics" points out the evil effects 
of such a coinage and calls attention to the fact that so 
ancient an observer as Aristophanes commented upon the 
tendency of depreciated money to drive out good, full- 
value money. I have already called attention to the con- 
clusions of Oresme, Copernicus, and Gresham in the 14th, 
15th and 16th centuries, now known as the Gresham law, 
and Professor Hadley in commenting upon the Gresham 
law says amongst other pertinent observations: 

"As the amount of debased money grows larger, its sphere of use- 
fulness grows smaller. Importers and others engaged in foreign 
trade have to provide themselves with a certain amount of cash re- 
serve which derives its value from something more wide-reaching in 
its effects than a legal tender act. Far-sighted capitalists, who fear 
the future fiscal policy of the government, insert stipulations in their 
loans or in their leases, requiring payment of dues in some specific 
commodity rather than in the general currency of the country. Even 
as a medium of exchange in domestic transactions, the debased 
money may be discredited by the action of the people. D'Avenel has 
collected some curious facts which show that the arbitrary changes 
in coinage made by the French crown were to a large extent ren- 
dered inoperative in this way." 

As Mr. Scott quoted Mr. Edward Atkinson I will also 
put Mr. A. in evidence: 

"The mass sf gold in existence has been sufficient to enable Ger- 
many to adopt the gold standard of legal tender, the United States 
and Italy to resume specie payment substantially on agold stand- 
ard, the Latin Union to cease silver coinage and to maintain their 
existing stock of legal tender silver at par in gold without crea ting 
any apparent scarcity of gold and without any special influence 
in depressing the prices of commodities or services. 

"The reduction in the price of commodities has been no greater 
than would be warranted by and might have been expected from the 
improvements in the processes of production and distribution. This 
reduction, having been accompanied by a general maintenance or 
rise in the price or rate of wages has been almost wholly beneficial,— 
temporary hardship to special classes being admitted. 

"Tbe advocates of silver monometallism disregard the fact that 
from the date of the resumption of specie payment on a gold basis, 
January 1, 1S79, to the date of the silver panic in 1893, the fall in 
prices had been accompanied by a constant rise in wages. 

"The demand for more money in legal tender notes or silver dol- 
lars is made by persons who have no conception of the true condi- 
tions of trade. In their misdirected efforts to provide by legislation 
for the issue of fiat money or by free coinage of silver they have 
created distrust and have thereby brought on a panic accompanied 
by a partial paralysis of trade, thus reducing prices bv their effort to 
increase them. 

"The effort of the advocates of the free coinage of silver, or of the 
issueof government legal tender paper and other devices for supply- 
ing money, may be attributed to their ignorance of the function of 
credit and of the necessity for an established unit of value. Their 
efforts are usually accompanied by bitter prejudices against banks 
and bankers. The invariable result of any success on their part is a 
paralysis of industry by which prices are forced below cost and the 
compulsory idleness of large numbers of workmen ensues. These 
results, long before predicted, were fullyrealized in thepurely finan- 
cial panic of 1893, and will be brought about again sooner or later un- 
less the delusion of 'cheap money' is crushed out." 

Referring to Mr. Scott's apprehension that the perpet- 
uity of the institutions of this country is threatened by 
the concentration of wealth: I would be glad to have him 
explain how the unlimited free coinage of silver — the foist- 
ing of a cheap, a depreciated money, on the people — would 
change a tendency to concentration. If he can do so he 
may thereby become a public benefactor. As pertinent 
to this I quote extracts from the State platform of the 
Socialistic Party of Illinois, May 30th: 

"The economic evils from which the people suffer are not caused 
by the gold standard. The free coinage of silver, at 10 to 1, or at any 
other ratio can in no way better their condition." 

And the Socialist Labor Party of California has de- 
clared, and declared wisely, as follows: 

"RESOLVED, That we disapprove of the free coinage of silver, at 
a ratio of 16 to 1, by the United States, as being class legislation for 
the debtor class, detrimental to the interests of the wage earners, 
tending to further despoil the producers by cheapening their labor 
and reducing their purchasing power." 

In the July Overland Mr. Scott says: 

"No inconsiderable portion of our foreign commerce, amounting 
in 1890 to $1,000,000,000.00 is with silver standard countries, the 
Orient and Spanish America. This will evidently from now on 
vastly increase. The prospects of rapid development of the im- 
measurable resources of those countries are bright with promise. In 
effecting those developments, their demands upon our markets for 
ships, railroad material, machinery and other products will be im- 
mense. Our commerce with Europe, so far as imports are con- 
cerned, will necessarily greatly diminish as we enlarge and perfect 
our manufactures. "Wisdom, therefore, dictates that we cultivate 
commercial relations more assiduously with the silver money coun- 
tries than with the gold Their markets are ours by nature and will 
be so in practice if we are discreet and energetic. They are at our 
doors, while wide oceans intervene between them and our competi- 
tors. Our geographical position defies competition. Our monetary 
policy, so far as our foreign commerce is concerned, should be shaped 
in accord with these advantages. From a foreign commercial stand- 
point it would be better for us to adopt the silver money standard 
rather than the gold ; but better still for us to adopt the bimetallic 

What does Mr. Scott deem a bimetallic standard, and 
how would he carry it into effective operation? 

In the July Engineering Journal Mr. Edward Atkinson 

"We have sold to the machine using, gold standard nations — 
Great Britain and her colonies, France, Germany, Holland, and 
Belgium — our excess of food, fibres, and fabrics to the extent of 
eighty-three per cent, of all our exports. The gold value of our ex- 
ports (mainly consisting of the products of agriculture) in the last 
decade , in excess of our imports from these specific countries, has 
been, in round figures, $2,500,000,000. The advocates of the free 
coinage of silver dollars of full legal tender propose to enable the 
bankers of Europe to gather in the silver bullion of the world, of 
which the market value is now 68 cents per ounce, to send it to our 
mints to be coined without charge, and then to force it upon our 
farmers, wage-earners, and other persons at $1.29 per ounce, thus 
cheating them out of about half their dues for the benefit of two 
privileged classes— the silver miners of the West and the foreign 
bankers and their agents of the East. " 

Will Mr. Scott please tell us what will become of our 
farmers if they lose their customers in Great Britain and 
continental Europe? 

On page 366 of the February Overland Mr. Scott says 
of A Layman's criticisms: 

"As to force in disproof of the accuracy of any statement of mine, 
he might as well have offered a handful of any other figures indis- 
criminately gathered ; and perchance they would have been as 
creditable to him as appears by the following: Thus he sets forth 
as a fact that the commodity value of the silver yield of the United 
States in 1895 was approximately $311,000,000, as measured in gold; 
further, with respect to the world's output, he says: 'We find refer- 
ence to authorities that the production of gold in 1895 was $200,000,- 
000, and of silver $120,000,000.' And so on he regales us with his 
statistics, as if really authentic. On application to the Mint of the 
United States at San Francisco for the Mint Director's Report of the 
production of gold and silver in the United States in 1895, the 

July 25, 1896. 


statistician replied by Inter. 'The Report is 1101 vet printed, 
jet prepared— when the Report Is al hand for 1899 will send It to 
you.' Bo It would seem that Layman must hare a statistic manu- 
factory whose product* are prophetic an. I not historic, as he won!. I 
have ns bcii' 

I beg most respectfully to suggest to Mr. Scott that the 
Mint Bureau of the United States Is not the only reposi- 
tory of information, but that if lie Will take the Bureau's 
figures for 1895 when they do appear he will find A Lay- 
man did not exaggerate. 

However, I further submit to Mr. Scott that my infor- 
mation for the United States of America, the Republic 
of Mexico, and for South Africa was authentic; that for 
Russia and some minor producing points was estimated up- 
on the basis of previous production. If Mr. Scott is still 
skeptical upon the subject, he will find by referring to the 
press dispatches of December 20th, 1895, a forecast with 
estimates from Director Preston. Washington, of the pro- 
bable production, and A Layman takes the liberty of say- 
ing that his own estimates were lower in every case than 
those of the Government officials: and he repeats that if 
Mr. Scott will examine the 1895 Mint Report, when it is 
published complete, he will find A Layman's statements 
amply verified. The French economist, Paul Leroy 
Beaulieu, has stated the world's product of gold for 1895 
at $200,000,000; the New York Evening Post gave it as 
$199,500,000, while the Mint Report now ready for publi- 
cation states it at $203,000,000, and for 1896 the New 
York Journal of Commerce stated, July 9th, upon reports 
from the Mint Bureau, that the probable product of the 
present year will be $220,000,000. 

Again on page 565 of the Overland Mr. Scott quotes the 
silver product of 1889 from Wells, Fargo & Company's 
statement on page 289 of Mint Report for calender year 
1894, and remarks: 

"Nothing on the page indicates that these amounts were obtained 
for equal weights of the metal. No other inference can be drawn 
from the data, than that the mint rate, 1.2929 per ounce, obtains in 
both cases. It cannot be inferred from the data given that the 
statistician meant otherwise." 

Had Mr. Scott read the preceding — opposite — page 
(288) of the same Report he would have seen it distinctly 
stated that the output of silver for 1894 had been esti- 
mated at the average commercial ratio for that year, or 
63 cents per ounce. And I will add further, that had Mr. 
Scott desired official information on this point, the same 
Mint Report would elsewhere have enlightened him. On 
page 17 a table is given of the "Product of Gold and 
Silver, from mines in the United States, 1873-1894" com- 
piled by the Mint Bureau of the Government. Moreover, 
the amount reported by Wells, Fargo & Co. in round 
figures, say $29,000,000 commercial value, is less than 
that reported on page 17 of the Mint Report. Of Mr. 
Scott's errors, which are the rule and not the exception, 
more anon. 

"If a man could but sharpen his wits 

With the ease that he sharpens his knife, 
He would make some remarkable hits 
Now and then, in the course of his life." 
(To be continued). 

A Layman. 

San Francisco, July 21, 1896. 

The Overland Limited, 


The Union Pacific is the only line running vestibuled Pullman 
Double Drawing-room Sleepers and Dining Cars daily. San Fran- 
cisco to Chicago without change. Vestibuled buffet smoking and 
library cars between Ogden and Chicago. Upholstered Pullman 
Sleepers, San Francisco to Chicago, without change, daily. Steam- 
ship tickets on sale to and from all points in Europe. For tickets 
and sleeping car reservations apply to D. W. Hitchcock, General 
Agent, No. 1 Montgomery street, San Francisco. 

When you are tired of discussing the money question you should 
indulge in a glass of the famous Cutter brand of Bourbon Whiskey. 
This wonderful liquor is kept in the houses of our men of large 
affairs who appreciate a good thing when they get it. E. Martin & 
Co., 411 Market street, who are the agents for this Coast, state that 
its sales beat those of any other of the brands they represent. Try 
it once and you will know why. 

The finest things in summer goods at John W. Carmany's, 25 
Kearny street, the Prince of Furnishers. 

The woman 

pinned down 

to one or two uses of 
Pearline will have to 
be talked to. Why is 
she throwing away 
*Ojf" all the gain and help 
that she can get 
from it in other ways ? 
If you have proved to yourself that Pearline 
washes clothes in the easiest, quickest, safest 
way, you ought to be 1 eady to believe that 
Pearline is the best for washing and clean- 
ing everything. That's the truth, anyway. 
Try it. Into every drop of water that's to 
be used for cleansing anything, put some 
Pearline — (without soap). m 

New Whatcom. 

W^Qrlinflf An The City of New "Whatcom is the northwest city of 

11 CI rj II Illy LU Mi the northwest county of the northwest State in the 
Unior. Has a populatitn of 10.000, the finest har- 
bor on the Pacific coast, two transcontinental rail- 
ways, and municipal improvements unknown to cities of like size in the 
East; in short, New Whatcom is the third city in size and wealth on Puget 
Sound. This city is the American terminus of the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
way, the Great Northern Railway passes in front of it, ocean and Sound 
steamers end their routes here, and American and foreign ships are always 
loading at the wharves. The products of the county are Lumber, Coal, 
Gold, Silver, Grains. Fruits, "Vegetables, Hops, etc. The temperature is 
equable, the mercury seldom reaching zero in winter or SO degrees in the 

The fisheries, manufactories, and facilities for transportation are equal 
to those of Seattle and Tacoma. The New Whatcom Board of Trade will 
encourage and assist any worthy business enterprise. 

<=^Jhere is room here for you. 



Bergez's Restaurant, Academy Building, 333-334 Pine street. Rooms for 
ladies and families, private entrance. John Bergez, Proprietor. 

Bay State Oyster House. 15 Stockton & 109 O'Farrell . N. M. Adler, Prop. 
Montgomery-St. Coffee and Lunch House. Good coffee and fresh eggs 

a specialty. Cream waffles. 426 Montgomery St. H. H. HJUL, Prop. 
Malson Tortoni, French Rotisserie, 111 O'Farrell street. Private dining 

rooms and banquet hall. S. Constantini, Proprietor. 

Nevada Restaurant, 417 Pine st. Private rooms; meals 50c. Loupy Bros 

Poodle Dog Restaurant, S. E. cor. Grant ave. and Bush st. Private 
dining and banquet rooms, Tel. 429. A. B. Blanco & B. Brum. 

Dr. Thomas L. Hill, 

OFFICE: Odd Fellows' Building, southwest cor. Seventh and Market 
streets. Office hours : 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Consultation Hours : 4 to 5. 

Dr. R. Cutlar, 818 Sutter street. 

Dr. Hall, 14 McAllister St. , near Jones. Diseases of women and children. 

Hawaiian Stamps a specialty. MAKINS & CO 506 Market street. 
Selections on approval: any plaoe in world. W. F. GREANY, 827Brannan 
The W. H. Hollls Stamp Co., (Incorporated), 105 O'Farrell St., S. F. 

F. P. Dundon's San Francisco Iron Works, 314, 316, and 318 Main street. 
Iron Work of every description designed and constructed. 

Koch & Harney, (Jas. H.Harney, Geo. T. Koch), Job Printers, 648 Sacra- 
mento St. Fine printing and embossing, seals, rubber stamps, stencils, etc. 

Miss Caroline Shlndler, Soprano. "Vocal Culture. Hours, 1 to 3, 2416 Clay 

CANDIES.— Don't leave the city without a dox of ROBERTS' Best. 




July 25, 1896 

■ffiwmM t » "j y u 1* v 

' We Obev No Wand but Pleasure's."— 7'om Moore. 

I TOLD you so. We of San Francisco 
passed a wild, tumultuous Sabbath. The 
feverish thriller of the Sunday Sup. fore- 
went his usual treatise on paresis, profan- 
ity, underclothes, entomology, terrapin, and 
tripe, and their relation to the fine arts, 
and indulged in a full page eruption of Coghlan and her 
kiss. It killed the evening performances at the churches ; 
the consumption of beer rose three gallons per capita; ice 
was retailed by the ounce, and many an erstwhile docile 
daughter packed up her tooth brush and her jar of Crime 
Simon, and left home and mother forever. If the California 
Theatre had advertised " For Men Only " it couldn't have 
attracted a more hectic audience. Statesmen, lawyers, 
Papists, Protestants, vegetarians, doctors, chiropodists, 
manicures, and millionaires sat side by side, palpitant and 
expectant, to make a Friscan holiday of a paid, portly 
kisser who wouldn't kiss. And Rose Coghlan does not and 
will not kiss the Shakespearian Jose. She will hang her 
vertebrae over his strong thigh, and undulate, and gasp, 
and close her eyes ecstatically. She did this much for the 
Examiner's camera, and the Examiner's bright young os- 
culatory specialist wrote disparagingly of her mean tem- 
perature during the exhibition, and even found fau't with 
the staunch corset that so prominently accentuates her ro- 
bust respectability. Rose Coghlan will hug, snuggle, 
shiver, and hula-hula, and, for all I know, turn a matronly 
flipflop in the interests of her salary. But she draws the 
line at four lips that burn as one. 

* * * 

I am weary of hearing about Carmen, and her kisses, and 
her corsets. I am weary of writing about her. She is not 
a case for the critic, but for the sanitary plumber. She 
should have been drained from the stage after the first 
New York performance. Nethersole started this decadent 
spectacle. Coghlan achieves its fatty degeneration. 

* # * 

Once upon a time, not so very long ago, when I was 
young, blithe, and trustful, a dexterous press agent sent 
me an announcement of a play which was to be presented 
at his theatre. It had been typewritten and then photo- 
graphed down to one-third its original space, and it did 
not look much larger than an evening daily paper. It was 
replete with such adjectivious alliteration as a "spectacle 
of sleek, shimmering, sinuous seraphs ". It caught me like 
a popular song, and I published it. We had to get out 
a special supplement that week to accommodate it, but if 
was printed. And a few days later I was summoned, pale 
and trembling, before a court of justice for having in- 
fringed on the novelizing rights of the play's author. This 
drove me to dramatic criticism, and since then I have 
been chary of the sleek, shimmering press gentlemen. 

* * * 

Now the Orpheum has a new press agent who knows his 
busiuess. You never read such plausible, straightforward 
harbingers of a next week's show as he sends me. His 
adjectives are quiet and modish, and they do not come 
twins or triplets — each one is a descriptive poem all by 
itself. Moreover, his notices are short — he never writes 
more than would measure a sonnet, and his English is good 
enough to adorn a book. He was very kind to Biondi in 
last week's announcement, so on Wednesday night I called 
at the Orpheum to see if this man of many characters was 
really worthy of his introduction. Biondi is a wonder. 
Like Duse and Michael Angelo, he is an Italian, and his 
art is so sure and eloquent with timely gesture, that 
without any knowledge of his language one may easily fol- 
low his little sketches. He knows but two English phrases 
himself, " Ladies and gentlemen " and " My God "—which 
proves that even if his social experience has been limited 
in the land, it has been exceedingly select. 

^1 House Drama, a farcical one-act piece with five dis- 
tinct characters of assorted sexes, costumes, and voices, 

is about the most amazing work he does — even the versa- 
tility of California's lightning change climate pales beside 
it. One can understand the deft changes of voice, of facial 
expression, and the ventriloquial effects, but when, in the 
raiment of a man, he exits by one stage door, and in ex- 
actly four seconds (I timed him) reappears at another on 
the opposite side of the stage, in the hair, complexion, and 
complete costume of a woman — well, to say the least, it is 
bewildering. This goes on through the entire little play, 
shifting from one character to another, sustaining the 
action of the piece with never a stage wait, never a balk, 
five qualities of Italian voice, and as many individual sets 
of fine Italian gestures. I have seen whole stock com- 
panies that could not act so well. It is advanced dramatic 
art, this one-man business, and, like the inception of the 
locomotive and the linotype, it means a great saving of 
labor. It means a new occupation for the sugar-cured 
actorial gentry. I hope the unions — the Sons of Thespius, 
the Knights of the Virescent Calcium, and all the noble 
army of allied property players, will not become frightened 
and band against Biondi. They will do better to fall in 
line early, and try to learn the lightning transformation 
act. At present I believe Biondi has only two rivals, Fre- 
goli and Richard Mansfield. 

* * # 

It is dawning upon me that Nina Bertini-Humphreys 
warbles a surer, truer, more melodious, and less monotonous 
soprano than does Natali. While I cling to my first opinion 
that her voice is not a carnival of color, or possessed of a 
strikingly dramatic quality, it has youth and a certain 
amount of elasticity. Natali's singing develops neither of 
these — it suggests a flute unconvincing and ambiguous at 
the lips of an amateur. And yet Natali has method, she 
phrases intelligently, and she has a score of the little 
vocal tricks that Marchesi imparts to her disciples. For 
years Natali has sung not wisely, but too much; and na- 
ture, as always, has retaliated. During the first two 
weeks of the opera season Miss Humphreys marred what 
work she could have done by overstraining every point. 
Intensity, like any other effort, must be guided by cun- 
ning discrimination. It took Miss Humphreys two weeks 
to find that a great deal may be accomplished by economy 
of effort. Mignon and Martha were familiar roles to her, 
she forgot to make hard work of them, and the result was 
brighter singing, more spontaneous acting, and audiences 
tenfold more comfortable. Like everyone else who goes 
to the Tivoli, I have been amazed at much in the perform- 
ances. I have forgotten price and place — everything but 
a fair standard of artistic excellence, when listening to 
such voices as De Vries', Michelena's and Abramoff's, and 
such music as Hinrichs draws from the Tivoli orchestra. 
I am sorry there are no women in the company to enthuse 
over, too. My enthusiasm this week, as before, is for the 
men. It is not just to spoil plaudits for the good by link- 
ing them to flattery for the bad. But, even without fem- 
inine excellence in the cast, the operas at the Tivoli offer 
not only a Mecca for restless amusement-seekers with ap- 
preciation in their ears, but, what is of more importance 
to San Francisco than mere amusement, they constitute 
a series of sound, memorable performances of musical 
works, the knowledge of which is vital to the artistic edu- 
cation of a community. 

* * * 

The Columbia has given the week to reproductions of two 
familiar successes of the Frawley Company, The Two Es- 
cutcheons and Mollis. The plays are well worth the presen- 
tation. I doubt if my criticisms are, for I have little to 
say that is new concerning them. Next week the Fraw- 
leys do another Lyceum play, The Highest Bidder. Frank 
Worthing is cast for Jack Hammerton, the young auction- 
eer. Big preparations are being made for .-1 Social Trust, 

which follows. 

# * * 

Monday night the Baldwin Theatre opens the new season 
with Charles Frohman's Lyceum Theatre Company, in 
Clyde Fitch's corned}', Bo/dtnia. Bohemia has been one of 
the few real successes of the last New York season. It 
ran a hundred nights at the Lyceum Theatre. Viola Allen, 
Annie Irish, Ida Conquest, May Robson, Mrs. Whiffen, 
William Faversham, Ferdinand Gottschalk, and Robert 
Edeson are among the many members of the company. 

July 2$, 1896. 


Next n-(>ok Hinrichs puts on Carmen and Faust at tlio 
Tivoli. Oarmen will be sung on Monday. Wednesday, Fri- 
day, and Sunday; /'.>»..7 finishes out the week. De V'ries 
will be the Toreador in Carmen, and I dare say he will sin>; 
the part as we have not heard it in years. AbramoS is 
sure to make a stirring Mephisto in Faiut. 

Frederick Warde and Rose Coghlan will settle down to 
real work at the California next week. T/u Mtrchnnt of 
\%nicr is to be played, with Miss Coghlan as Portia and 
Mr. Warde as Shylock. The Stoekwell Company will sup- 
port. Special scenery and costumes, and some novel musi- 
cal effects are promised. 

Besides Biondi in a new comedy sketch the Orpheum 
has two new attractions for next week. Techow and his 
troup of trained cats (a big sensation at Hammerstein's 
Olympia), and Lydia Yeamans Titus, whose name is intro- 
duction enough in San Francisco. 



THE eenter of the legal and notarial business forty years 
ago, and even up to the early part of the seventies, 
was in the News Letter quarter. Merchant street, 
where we are still located, was a busy locality at that 
time. The old Bank Exchange, on the corner of Washing- 
ton and Montgomery, and the Parker House, almost di- 
rectly opposite on the West side of Montgomery, were the 
resorts of the prominent figures in law and journalism at 
that period. Many of those great lawyers wrote for the 
paper on topics congenial to them. John B. Felton, 
Elisha Cook, Harry Byrnes, Judge Dwinelle, and his still 
more gifted brother, John Dwinelle, sent around their 
"copy," and the readers wondered, when some absurd 
judicial decision was criticized, from whose pen the biting 
paragraphs came. James Gibb's, on Merchant street, 
was another rendezvous for this class. It must be remem- 
bered that there were but two clubs in the city then, and 
those saloons filled the blank, and there lawyers, mer- 
chants, and journalists met and discussed the events of 
the day. A conspicuous figure among them, and an inti- 
mate friend of Mr. Marriott, Sr., was John Nugent, the 
former editor of the San Francisco Herald. Nugent was 
a man of rare general information, and a strong and 
trenchant writer. Up to the time that the Herald was 
resuscitated, Nugent wrote almost weekly for the News 
Letter, and then the cares of his own paper occupied all 
his time. 

This was before Montgomery avenue was thought of. The 
old Metropolitan Theatre and Etienne's restaurant were 
near the corner of Washington and Montgomery streets. 
Emperor Norton, whose name is now only a memory, girt 
with his formidable sabre, stalked along the footways, fol- 
lowed by Bummer and Lazarus, those historic dogs whose 
fame was identical with that of their master. The "Great 
Unknown," a fantastically dressed and mysterious dandy, 
promenaded Montgomery and Kearny streets, receiving 
the jeers of the populace with a calm, impassive stare. 
Montgomery and Kearny streets were the thoroughfares 
where all the swell people of the town exhibited themselves 
in the afternoon, for Market was a raw and unimproved 
region in the last of the "sixties." 


THIS week we present our readers with a charming 
picture of San Francisco's leading thoroughfare, look- 
ing down towards the Ferry Depot. On the left will be 
seen the Chronicle building, and on the opposite side of the 
street the imposing and world-famous Palace Hotel. The 
Morning Call building, now in course of construction, will 
take the place of the structure situated on the first cor- 
ner of the street on the right. This building will add 
greatly to the beauty of Market street, and will help to 
make it one of the greatest thoroughfares of the world. 

Moore's Poison Oak Remedy 
Cures Poison Oak and all Skin Diseases. Sold by all druggists. 

The Press Clipping Bureau, BIO Montgomerystreet, S. P. reads all 
papers on the Pacific Coast, and supplies olippings on all topics, business 
and personal. 

Use Richardson & Robbins' canned and potted meats for picnics. 


When you 
Buy a Wheel 

Puyonc witfi a repu- 
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ten miles from home. 

Don't lean to "lads"; 
They are not substantial. 
been on the market five 
years. We guarantee it 
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know more about it, send for our art catalogue, mailed free to any address, 
and you will buy the 


Address STERLING CYCLE WORKS. 314 Post St., S. F., Cal. 

Wm. V. Bryan, Manager Pacific Coast Branch. 

Bald wi n Theatre- At " HAYMAN & Co - "SSSSSSSS! 

Grand reopening, Monday, July 27th. Seventh annual tour of 
Charles Prohman's Empire Theatre Company, from the Empire 
Theatre. New York, presenting the principal New York suc- 
cesses . First week only , Monday, July 27, Clyde Fitch's comedy, 


As presented for over 100 nights at the Empire Theatre. 
Second week, Monday, August 3d : The Benefit of the Doubt. 
Third week, Monday, August 10th: The Masquekaders. 
All plays presented with the Empire Theatre scenery and 


G. ,,_L' Tk„,J..» The " Gem " Theatre of the Coast. 
OlUmDia I neatre- Friedlander,Gottlob&Co., Lessees 
and Managers . 
Nothing but successes, and crowded houses the result. Mon- 
day, July 27th, another great New York Lyceum Theatre com- 
edy by the only FRAWLEY COMPANY. John Madison Mor- 
ton's delightful play, 


Aug. 3d: A SOCIAL TRUST; first presentation upon any stage, 
and first appearance with the Frawley Company of Wilton 
Lackaye, Louise Thorndyke-Boucicault, Alice Pixley. 

California Theatre. AL ' HAYMAH& ^Tro^et^ 

Farewell week, Monday, July 27th. The favorites, L. R. Stock- 
well's players and FREDERICK WARDE and ROSE COGH- 
LAN. The grandest Shakespearean revival in years; an elabo- 
rate scenic production of 


Frederick Warde as " Shylock," (first time here) ; Rose Coghlan 
as "Portia" (first time here). Nothing like it in a decade 
Monday, Aug. 3d— CHATJNCEY OLCOTT. 

San Francisco's Greatest Music Hall. O'Farrell 
eU ITl . street, between Stockton and Powell streets. 


Week commencing Monday, July 27th . Note the drawing cards. 


The Greatest Troup of Performing Cats in the world; Fred J. 
Titus and Lydia Yeamans Titus, refreshing songs and refined 
comedy; Nego Biondi, In new operatic sketch; the Vaidis sis- 
ters, electric acrobats; and a great vaudeville company. 
Matinee Prices : Parquet, any seat, 25c. ; balcony, any seat, 10c. ; 
children, 10c, any part. 

Reserved Seats, 25c; Balcony. 10c; Opera chairs and box 
seats, 50c Matinees Wednesdays, Saturdays and Sundays. 

T!»/«l ! C\~*~.^ H ~. .«« MRS - Ernestine Keeling, 
IVOll Upera flOUSe. Proprietor and Manager 

Season of Italian and English grand opera, under the direction 
of Mr. Gustav Htnrichs. To-night (Saturday evening,) 

To-morrow evening (Sunday). 

Repertoire fourth week, beginning Monday, July 27th. Monday, 
Wednesday. Friday. Sunday evenings. Carmen. Natali, Ber- 
tini Humphrevs, Schnabel, Mulle, Loomis, Michelena, De Vrles, 
Pache, Karl, Tooker, Perron, Boyce.etc. in the casts 
Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday evenings, Faust. Bertini 
Humphreys, Russell, Casati, Michelena, Raffael, Pache, Abram- 
off, Perron, etc, in the casts. 

Great casts; correct costumes; superb scenery; augmented 
Popular Prices 25c and 50o 

Tlie Banjo. 

flsltton P. Stevens. 

STUDIO : 26 Montgomery street, 
Room 8. Pupils prepared for Stage, 
Concert, or Drawing Room. A Special 
Class for 
teachers who wish to perfect themselves in the Banjo's harmony and technlo 


July 25, 1896. 


A PERSON need not be very observant to see much that 
will interest and amuse even on so short a journey as 
that from Oakland to San Francisco. The fact is, one can 
see enough to keep him good natured for at least a day. 

For instance, one evening this week E. B. Jerome was 
on his way over to the theatre, and being tired he threw 
himself carelessly into a seat on the local train and let his 
arm rest along the back of it. Four young ladies who had 
been picnicking were sitting facing each other directly be- 
hind him. They were very tired, too, and soon after the 
train started one of them with a deep sigh dropped her 
head on what she supposed was the back of her seat, but 
what was in reality Jerome's arm. He started in sur- 
prise as he felt the weight, and then flushed with embar- 
rassment when he turned and saw the fair head resting 
confidingly on his arm. Passengers commenced to titter, 
and one of the young lady's companions seized her and 
dragged her away from her compromising position. She 
blushed furiously, and attempted a confused apology. 

"Oh — er — that's all right," stammered Jerome. 

" How dare you ! " snapped the young lady, who evi- 
dently took a different view of it. 

Jerome is still wondering. 

Justice Fred Clift was on the same ferry boat. As it 
glided into the slip he descended the steps leading from the 
upper to the lower deck, but was obliged to stop half way 
down owing to the crowd. The boat lurched, and to steady 
himself he grasped the stair rail. Just as it was com- 
mencing to dawn on him that the rail was unusually warm, 
soft, and generally pleasant to the touch, a sweet voice, 
with just a hint of laughter in its tone, remarked in his 
ear : 

" Would you mind letting go my wrist till I can button 
my glove ? " 

He let go. 

* * * 

Mr. Hammon, the local weather man, will have to ex- 
plain himself a little later on. Mr. McAdee of the same 
service has met a serious loss which he blames on Ham- 
mon, and the relations of the two meteorologists have been 
decidedly strained. Some years ago, McAdee was pre- 
sented with a skye terrier, which is known as Dan, and 
which does much to enliven his leisure. Mr. Hammon has 
invented several sorts of tailless kites, with an estimated 
capacity, severally, of flying from one mile to two. Ham- 
mon is a wag and fond of experiments, which he conducts 
in a vacant lot in the Western Addition on days when the 
wind is not too high. While his kites go without tails, 
they are supposed to carry up instruments weighing some 
pounds, which will serve as ballast. Yesterday Hammon 
was out and so was McAdee. The wind was so strong 
that the kites acted badly. He needed a weight and had 
none handy. McAdee's dog was out enjoying the after- 
noon. Before the dog knew it, Hammon had tied it to his 
kite. If McAdee had not been swift the dog would have 
gone kiting toward the dog star. He made a sprint and 
a jump, and caught the kite just as it was rising, and re- 
leased Dan from danger. Hammon protested that this 
interfered with scientific experiments which would be of 
value to the Government, but McAdee would not let his 
love of human progress lead him that far. 
# * * 

An enterprising " tonsorial artist " of the Mission is uot 
only a barber but a lady's hair dresser as well, and unfor- 
tunately for the toilet secrets of his patrons, he has but 
one room and two chairs in his shop. 

The other evening a well-known young attorney, whose 
attentions to a local merchant's daughter have excited 
speculation as to the possibility of an engagement, rushed 
breathlessly into the shop, scowled when he saw both 
chairs occupied, and finally stopped behind one where a 
boyish head of curly hair was undergoing a trimming. 

"Say, kid," he growled, " why don't you get your hair 

cut in the afternoon, instead of crowding into a shop at 
night when business and professional men want to get 
barbered ? " 

There was no response, and as the barber in the other 
chair shouted "Next!" the young man took his place 
without further comment on such reprehensible conduct. 

"Gimme a quick shave," he ordered. "I dou't need it 
much, but I'm going to see my girl, and she dou't like to 
have her face scratched with stubby whiskers. She kind 
of likes to rub her face Holy crow ! " 

The person he had addressed as "kid" had just slipped 
out of the other chair, and proved to be the girl who didn't 
like whiskers. She had been having her curls trimmed for 
the evening. He did not call. 

A couple of young ladies whose homes are in the same 
block on Van Ness avenue were out shopping on Market 
street the other afternoon, which means that they saw 
everything on the streets and nothing in the shops. One 
wore a perfectly beautiful dress, and the other a love of a 
bonnet. After they had gone into executive session, held 
a mutual admiration convention, and exhausted their sup- 
ply of superlatives of admiration for each other's adorn- 
ment, they commenced drawing comparisons with the other 
personal decorations they encountered. When they met a 
well-dressed woman they commenced at the very crest of 
her bonnet and worked down to the tip of her pointed 
toes. How they did tear things! If their tongues had 
been scissors, every woman they met would have been 
stripped before she could have passed the two critics. 

Finally a young woman — tall, willowy, faultlessly at- 
tired, and very beautiful, approached them. They sought 
in vain for a crooked plume, a rip, or a spot. They could 
not catch so much as a basting thread, so both sniffed con- 

"Humph! What fearful long strides she takes," snapped 

"She has to so as to get one foot ahead of the other." 

The shaft of envy had been shot, and they both smiled 

Donald Ross, the artist, was dining in a local restaurant 
the other day, when Fremont Older approached from 
another table, greeted him, and asked: 

"Have you a dollar to spare, Donald? I have just dis- 
covered that what I thought was a $5-piece is only a 
nickel, and that is all I have with mc." 

"Sorry, old man," replied Ross, confusedly, "but I am 
caught in the same fix. I just sent a messenger boy down 
to the office after some money." 

Older was well known to the restaurateur, so easily 
settled his score. As he sauntered out of the door he met 
Ross' messenger. 

"Ah, got back with the money, have you? Well, come 
up stairs. Mr. Ross will be up therein a few minutes." 

Older took him up to his office, kept him waiting five 
minutes, then found a pretext for dismissing him. 

Two hours later he went down to the restaurant and 
found Ross still at the table eating. He had devoured 
Frankfurters, and sauer-kraut, ice cream, tea, angel cake, 
limburger, strawberries, beer, pickled pigs' feet, choco- 
late, salads, soup, claret, mussels, and coffee, and was 
nibbling at the last crumbs of a piece of coffee bread. The 
waiters were congregated at a respectful distance filled 
with amazement at Ross' gastronomic feat. 

"Take me away," he groaned, feebly, and he has not 

eaten a bite since. 

* * * 

As Judge Field was ascending in the Palace Hotel ele- 
vator after his return from Paso Robles Springs the other 
day, a reporter accosted him and asked him if he was con- 
scious of any signs of a failing intellect. Judge Field court- 
eously answered in the negative, but a moment later in 
the hallway ordered his valet, in an undertone, not to let 
any more "impertinent scoundrels" intrude upon him. 
This the astounded reporter overheard, and at once sped 
to the office of his paper, where he sat down and wrote 
that the learned jurist had lost all judgment, mistook his 
best friends for his enemies, and in every way betrayed 
that he had bidden farewell to his once profound and emi- 
nent senses. Judge Field, unhappily, though able to lean 
on his cane, is not strong enough to wield it. 

July 25, 1896. 


Dr. William J. Younger, the famous dentist, is soon to 
shake the sands of this city from liis cork solos, for ll 
picturesque, but fatter, dust of Chicago. The Doctor has 

done many things in his line, but his la; . rv i> 

something marvelous, and entitles him to be regarded as 
much a philanthropist as a pateherand replaien.f n 
To a group at the Bohemian Club one night this week, 
Dr. Younger was talking about his recent triumph I 

can," said the eminent dentist, "change the facial expres- 
sion of a young lady by operating 011 the muscles that con- 
trol the jaw. Now, in Chicago they brought me a young 
lady who moved in the best society ('Of course, Doctor, 
they would not bring you any one else,' murmured the 
audience, for the Doctor was setting 'em up), the corners 
of whose mouth were drawn down, imparting to her other- 
wise pleasing features a most disagreeable expression, al- 
though the girl was naturally of a cheerful temperament. 
Well, gentlemeD, I operated upon her. The result was 
simply magical. I succeeded in imparting to her face a 
serene smile by releasing the tendoas which controlled the 
corners of her mouth, and now she is known among her 
friends as Laughing Lucy (murmurs of approval and ad- 
miration from the crowd, and the dentist sets 'em up again. 
An old lady," continues Dr. Younger, " had a most fear- 
ful sneer — appalling, perfectly appalling, I assure you. I 
treated her, and now mirth dwells in every 'dimple. But, 
alas, I was sorely deceived once. A lady came to me in 
whose face malignity and deceit were concentrated. I dis- 
trusted her from the very beginning, but I treated her all 
the same. In thirty days, gentlemen, she had the face of 
a Madonna — a face she could travel on from one end of the 
globe to the other." 

Here Dr. Younger's full, round tones faltered, and a list- 
ener asked: "What became of her ? " 

''She left in the night," replied the Doctor, with emo- 
tion, " without paying her bill, and my sense of responsi- 
bility in giving that female serpent a Madonna face weighs 
heavily upon me. She may teat the entire human race 
equipped with the smile I imparted to her," and the worthy 
man touched the bell for another round with a trembling 

"No man who has ever followed the sea can cross a 
crowded thoroughfare in San Francisco and preserve his 
dignity." declared Captain Charles Johnson, the manager 
of the Hotel Eafael. "As soon as he strikes a busy street 
his head goes to whirling till he imagines he is a ship in 
distress, with a valuable cargo, a big crew, and the cap- 
tain's little golden-haired daughter aboard. He hesitates, 
flounders around for a minute, and then realizes that he 
must steer straight ahead if he hopes to avoid a collision, 
and in the absence of signal whistles he knows that it may 
be a close shave for him. He makes a dash, throws his 
helm hard a-port to dodge the bark that looms up thirty 
feet away, and strikes a fat woman amidships. He feels 
every timber giving way, but by the time he gets his rig- 
ging clear he has to throw his helm around again to clear 
an express wagon. 

"When half the voyage is over he encounters another 
peril. There in the center of the street is the cable track 
with the cable buzzing along beneath. No old sailor can 
walk calmly over a taut cable, for experience has "taught" 
him that the man who gets his foot tangled in a hawser 
usually, stumps through life on a peg. He stops, takes his 
bearings, measures the distance with his eye, and springs 
into the air. ' He can't help it." 
* # * 

When Mr. George K. Fitch owned the Bulletin, it was 
his daily habit to stroll along Washington street among 
the commission merchants and make, a quiet luncheon on 
the wheat which he abstracted with an impartial hand 
from the sample sacks on his route. This modest refresh- 
ment the journalist preferred to the most successful ex- 
pression of the cook's art. An old-time newspaper man, 
who had been among the busy bees of commerce, returned 
to his office with his face in a glow. 

"Why," he said, "I felt ten years younger to-day. I 
met George K. Fitch on Front street with his mouth 
crammed with wheat, and I knew then that time's unpity- 
ing hand had dealt kindly with his molars and incisors." 

Albert Gerberdlns, elected this week President of the 
Produce Exchange, has just returned from the mountains 
in time i" receive bis new honors. Mr. Oerberdlng's wan- 
derings among the rugged crags of Mendocino County 
brought him face to face one day with a couple of fierce- 
looking Indians. He would have given them the right of 
way but he observed In the hands of the leader b cup fash- 
toned with rare barbaric cunning from a madron a tree, 
the handle of which was a portion of the branch. He de- 
termined to obtain this curio at the peril of his scalp. 
" Hey, there!" shouted Cerberding. 
"What's the matter with you'.'" rejoined the Indian, 

" What you take for that cup ; me wantee him," asked 
Mr. Gerberdiug, with a noble effort to drop into the lingo 
of the red man. 

"Me no sellee," said the chief. 

Gerberding was about to give up the attempt in des- 
pair, when he remembered his flask, without which he 
never wanders far from civilization. 

" Me givee you fire water," he shouted after the retiring 
savages, who immediately halted. 

"Ugh!" grunted the chief, "you takee cup," and the 
flask was emptied in a moment. The trophy of Mr. Ger- 
berding's presence of mind and valor now adds to the 
decorations of the Bohemian Club. 
# * * 
They censure those gay anglers who tell such startling tales 
Ot killing at the brookside fat trout as big as whales, 
They call those men mendacious, and will, forsooth, despise 
The innocent concoctor of what they deem fish lies. 
As a rat is to an elephant, an ostrich to a wren 
A mouse to a rhinoceros, an eagle to a hen, 
Are those who chase the bounding deer to those who cast the fly. 
Naught in the world of fiction may match the hunter's lie. 
Oh Billy Berg, oh Willam Berg, I don't refer to you, 
But pray confess this statement is coldly, plainly true ! 

A Prince's Tipple. 
A well-known citizen, who has just returned from England, was 
introduced to the Prince of Wales at the Derby. His Highness was 
in capital humor, for his horse had just won the Blue Ribbon of the 
turf. So he graciously passed the American his flask. The flavor 
was unmistakable. It was "Old Saratoga," now the choice of the 
British upper ten. — New York Journal. 

St. Denis 

Broadway & 1 1th St., 

Opposite Grace Church 

Rooms $1 .00 per Day and Upwards. 

In a modest and unobtrusive way there are few better 
conducted hotels in the metropolis than the St. Denis. 

The great popularity it has acquired can readily 
be traced to its unique location, its home-like atmos- 
phere, the peculiar excellence of its cuisine and service, 
and its very moderate prices. 


Good Appetite^^ 

Is restored and the disordered 
Stomach and Liver invigorated by taking a 
small wineglassful, before meals, of the cele- 


••••'•■■• •.: 


w. a. RflAis&y, 

Successor to 


erchant ^ Tailor 
121 Montgomery Street, 

Opposite Occideatal Hotel. 



July 25, 1896. 

'Hear the Crier!" "Wbat the devil art thou?" 
' One that will play the devil, sir, with you." 

SFTER the artless Willie Hearst has found out by means 
of a coupon vote how everybody else in California 
stands on the silver question, he may possibly have the 
pluck to let it be known what the Examiner's opinion is of 
16 to 1. Up to date nobody knows what Willie or his 
editors in San Francisco and New York think as to the 
monetary standard. When there can be no room for 
doubt on the judgment of the over whelming majority of the 
voters (who are also subscribers in esse or in posse) this 
bold and fearless young journalist, who bestrides the con- 
tinent and has the splendid courage of his inherited mil- 
lions, will speak in clarion tones. He needs to be spanked 
to bring out his voice. 

IF in his innocent youth Colonel Dan Burns had been 
whipped oftener on the play-ground he would have 
learned better than to be guilty of the unforgivable base- 
ness of telling tales out of school. His attempt to avenge 
the repudiation of himself by John D. Spreckels has put 
him out of the company of grown and self-respecting men. 
Because he has been fired from partnership, the Colonel 
calls in the reporters and recounts his political crimes 
when he was of the firm. According to his own narrative 
the candid Colonel ought to be in jail. Several juries some 
years ago were asked to send him there, but upon those oc- 
casions the Colonel, strange to say, couldn't find his candor. 
Get thee back to Mexico, Burns. Up here, knifers and 
squealers are neither believed nor esteemed. 


HERE are now the old Town Criers— 

Clever Criers, fat and thin? 
Do they swell the heavenly quires- 
Would St. Peter let them in? 

'Tis more likely that they linger 

Close to Satan's dire gates, 
Waiting till their Father's finger 

Shoves them in to meet their fates. 

WHEN the last of the conventions of the year has been 
held the gold-cure jaggeries ought to enjoy an 
unexampled boom. The brilliancy of the hordes of 
special correspondents obviously must have been kept up 
by artificial means. They, like the public, will take kindly 
to respite and recuperation. And the correspondent who 
comes out firmly resolved to lead a better life and no longer 
to sign his name to his stuff, but simply to write for the 
information of the reader rather than his own glory, will 
find many cordial hands stretched out to him to aid his 
tottering footsteps on the upward path. 

THE Rev. Dr. Goodwin preached an eloquent sermon on 
"Hell in Solution, or San Francisco's Liquor Busi- 
ness" last Sunday. Needless to say, the language used 
by this eminent divine was too objectionable to appear in 
our columns. If the Rev. Doctor would only patronize 
good brands of liquor, his stomach would not get out of 
order so often. If he will favor us with a call, the News 
Letter's confessor will take pleasure in educating him 
somewhat in matters spiritual. 

THE Rev. Mr. Callis (colored) claims that there should 
be no "dividing line" between the races, because they 
were made by the same power. Re — markable! We al- 
ways considered that the niggers were made by a funny 
little black god suffering from melancholia. The dividing 
line should, in our opinion, ever exist. 

^RASH attorney was attacked with heart failure after 
participating in the orgie of a bath last week. The 
average lawyer prefers to see other people in hot water 
rather than to be in it himself. Hence the shock to his 

FRIZE-fighting is universally tabooed, but why is Mayor 
Suti-o permitted to make himself so obnoxious before 
the Board of Election Commissioners? Did Supervisor 
Benjamin issue him a permit for a consideration? 

THE statement is now made that Dan Burns is out of 
politics. The Devil, my little dears, may sometimes 
get out of hell, but he always goes back. 

A FRIEND of the News Letter thinks it was wrong 
To ridicule Anna's wide waist; 
The Crier now greets her and plunges in song 
To prove her objections misplaced. 

Her waist it is there, my dear madame, we know ; 

Her brain, who can prove she has one ? 
'Tis facts we make fun of, not fictions, and so 

Please own 'twas most righteously done. 

THE Presbyterian divines who laid theology aside last 
Monday and discussed the money question, proved 
that the ministry is human after all, and that the clerical 
belly is also interested in knowing where its next meal is 
to come from. Their dismay, was, however, uncalled for. 
Pence for the pulpit will always be forthcoming as the 
parsons are the jesters of the people. Immorality and 
vice would cease without them. 

TAYLOR ROGERS, the Mayor's monkey, desiring to 
blossom forth as an Examiner correspondent, took a 
gentle laxative and hied him off to Utah and now nothing 
can stop his flow of words. May the Mormons drown him 
in the Salt Lake. We will cheerfully pay all the expenses 
connected with his funeral. 

THE genial gentleman who planned to blow his wife to 
pieces by exploding giant powder under her bedroom 
is certainly entitled to merciful treatment at the hands of 
the court. Many a wise man has killed his wife, but how 
few there are who were considerate enough to ensure her 
reaching heaven! 

TWO ex-policemen have lately been hauled up before 
the courts — the one for stealing milk in the evening, 
the other for stealing daily papers in the morning. It is 
only reasonable that these gentlemen should return to their 
old calling after losing their jobs on the force. 

THE members of the Occidental Club, Buckley's Para- 
dise, meet in darkness every night as the gas 
bills are somewhat overdue. Taking the characters of the 
lambs into consideration, the present state of affairs 
should be continued indefinitely. 

WE should like to know who is going to be held respon- 
sible for murderer Howard's execution? If this 
state of affairs continues, the greater part of our popula- 
tion, consisting of criminals, will leave us for the East. 
WILL the gentlemen of the Chamber of Commerce 
kindly inform us why they exist? Seeing that they 
cannot Dring commerce to San Francisco, we think that, 
out of common decency, they might disband. 

IF you haven't bolted your ticket you are a modest man, 
for the citizen who hasn't bolted this year must be con- 
tent to be rated as a commonplace and rather mean- 
spirited fellow. Kick and be great. 

OUR contemporary, the Call, wisely remarks that bread 
and butter should be eaten with the butter side next 
the tongue. That is so that we may not remark the hairs 
on it, we suppose. 

THE talented authoress of "Ships that Pass in the 
Night" is with us again. Had she arrived a few 
weeks ago, during our spell of darkness, she might have 
passed on herself. 

THE Rev. Mr. Perkins is authority for the statement 
that there are 24,000,000 widows in British India. 
Life must be one grand, sweet song out there for the 
average male. 

IT is all very well to say diseased milk is the fault of the 
poor cows, but may not the pumps have something to 
do with it? It is well worth investigating. 

THE members of the Grand Jury are to enter the ring 
with the "Solid Seven." People who live in conserva- 
tories should not throw rocks. 

ft PUGILIST was attached in this city the other day. 
It was the nearest he could ever come to being at- 

SUPERVISOR King's brother-in-law is accused of fur- 
nishing milk to the city! Of what sex is this fellow, 

WANTED: Chloride of lime in bulk. Leave at First 
Congregational Church, corner Post and Mason. 
A POLICEMAN swallowed himself while yawning yes- 
terday noon. Captain Lees is still looking for him. 

July 25, 1896. 



Another slaughter of Brunswick stock- 
The Pine Street holders was the feature of the week. 
Mining Market. just on the eve of an important opera- 
tion in the Chollar ground, which would 
naturally be supposed to have a stimulating instead of a 
depressing effect upon the stock. The break was engin- 
eered by a syndicate of brokers in the big Board, whohave 
hitherto been considered friendly to the new mineral dis- 
covery. Strange to say, the men connected with the raid 
are managers of a group of mines themselves, which will 
some day before very long make a bid for the patronage 
of investors, with a far less meritorious showing than the 
Brunswick leader can boast about. As a matter of fact, 
there was no change in the Chollar 300-drift to warrant 
the depreciation, and the people who were forced to sell 
the shares were simply robbed in what is looked upon by 
certain immoralists as a perfectly legitimate manner. 
With an active market, when it is give and take upon a 
rise and fall in values, this may be a perfectly proper view 
to take of a bear movement, but when the decline is ex- 
perienced on a dull spell, by stealthy attacks on the under- 
pinning of shares unprotected for a moment, the trickery 
of a sneaking redskin would come nearer describing the 
operation. The business on Pine street has unfortunately 
drifted into the hands of small people, whose ideas of busi- 
ness are as despicably small as their souls. It is little 
wonder that the man who dares to advocate a stock 
market is looked upon as a kin to the individual who would 
defend horse stealing. With brokers who lend themselves 
to the dirty business of abusing the stocks in which their 
clients invest, and others who stoop to the most unques- 
tionable methods to corral a nickel if no higher game war- 
rants, the time-honored profession has indeed fallen upon 
evil lines. The bird that befouls its own nest is too filthy 
for comment, and it alone can be taken as a fair repre- 
sentative of the putative business man who dubs his wares 
"stinking fish" to the injury of his customers. He is the 
cuttlefish of the community, securing his prey while ob- 
scuring his obnoxious identity in a cloud of his dirty creation. 
The segregation of the sheep from the goats in the Pine 
street hurdles is a matter for the immediate consideration 
of the management of the mines listed on the board. If 
they rest content with the present system, under which 
the shareholders are constantly victimized, it will be their 
own lookout in the future. The public are getting rapidly 
awakened to the fact that their chief enemies exist in men 
who, not satisfied with representing their customers, are 
the prime factors in disturbing financial values to a point 
where ruin and loss attend every investment of an out- 
sider. Brokers who speculate on their own account are 
unsafe in every sense of the word, and with a few honor- 
able exceptions the members of the San Francisco Stock 
Exchange are open to the charge. A heavy operator, 
who finds his broker speculating privately on his orders, 
has a recourse in putting up a job to break his unfaithful 
agent that the poorer man has not. He can only see his 
shares slaughtered and bear the brunt of it in silence. This 
is all that remains for him. What San Francisco wants is a 
board" of brokers, not an Exchange masquerading under 
the title, where members form into cliques to pull down 
what their customers build up, if they are not standing on 
the doorstep airing their unfriendly views of the mines, 
furnishing the trading at which they make their livelihood. 
The balance of the market suffered in sympathy with the 
Brunswick, dropping to the lowest figure seen before the 

Mr. A. Derre, who scored such a success 
An Arizona some years ago by the sale of the Boleo 
Mine Sold, copper mines on the Lower California penin- 
sula, has arrived in town from London and 
Paris. He has just sold another large property of the 
same description to foreign capitalists for a good round 
sum. It is located in Arizona. Mr. Derre is only in 
town for a short visit, expecting to leave again for Empire 
in a few days. 

The markets of the old world are again be- 
California Gold ginning to open up to promoters of Call- 
Minea Abroad, fornia mines. It will be hoped that the 
opportunity will not be abused in the 
future as it has been in the past. Investors cannot be too 
critical for their own sake, and the overloading of propo- 
sitions should be frowned upon from the start. A develop- 
ment scheme is worth the money for development and no 
more. If ore is insight, the value of the showing should 
decide the price with little or no allowance for speculative 
value unless the mine is opened up enough to confirm state- 
ments of this character made in a prospectus. There are 
experts and experts. A number of persons with nothing 
to recommend them but their impudence are in the habit 
of posing as mining engineers, to the degradation of an 
honorable profession. Such individuals should be kept at 
arm's length, if not tabooed entirely. In making a selec- 
tion of a man to report on a mine, it is cheaper in the long 
run to pay a high fee. The low-priced man is apt to prove 
a dear commodity in any case, and when such present 
themselves no care should be spared in running down all 
references, as men of this class have not scrupled in the 
past to foist bogus or doctored letters of introduction on 
unsuspecting foreigners. Experts are not as common as 
sand-fleas on the Pacific Coast, and the News Letter has 
tried for years to drum into the thick pates of foreign in- 
vestors that the few who do rank as such stand just as 
high professionally and socially as the duly certificated 
men do abroad, and nine times out of ten know more in a 
practical way. Some of the imported geniuses who show 
up in this city are not fitted for the position of sluice 
tender under a California management of the proper sort. 
Safety in mining investment lies in the beginning, and 
caveat emptor should be the motto from the start. 

Mr. William Irelan, ex-State Mineral- 
Mining Active in ogist, who is now practicing as an ex- 
Butte County. pert, has just returned from a pro- 
fessional trip to Butte County, and says 
that he never remembers seeing mining so active before in 
that section of the State. Prospecting is going on all 
over the county, with the most favorable results in both 
gravel and quartz. A large amount of money is being in- 
vested in opening up claims, and outside of one or two 
properties none of it is contributed by foreigners. The 
reports from the Magalia are exceedingly favorable, con- 
firmatory of all that was predicted for this valuable old 
mine when the bed-rock was reached. According to Mr. 
Irelan's statements, Butte County should soon rank as a 
leading producer of gold in rivalry with those which for 
some time past have ranked first on the list. 

With the change of management in the 

Bodie Mines Bodie group of mines now controlled 

Are Now Active, by Mr. Westheimer, representing New 

York capital, a marked change has 
come over the speculative conditions of the shares. From 
a dull and apathetic course so dispiriting upon holders, 
they have suddenly braced up with fluctuations ranging 
wide enough to attract investors. The mines are showy 
enough at all times to warrant speculation, and no doubt 
from this on they will command a full share of public pat- 
ronage. New blood has proved beneficial in this instance, 
as it generally does. A few more gentlemen of the West- 
heimer calibre in charge of the mining interests on Pine 
street would be cordially welcomed. 

News is scarce just now among the fire 
Among the Fire companies' offices on California street. 
Underwriters. Following the withdrawal of George W. 
Spencer from the management of the 
insurance department of Balfour, Guthrie & Co. comes the 
announcement that L. B. Edwards will take his place. 
Mr. Edwards is an old resident of this city, and served a 
term in the Legislature. He is well known and a favorite 
on the street. Mr. Spencer has joined Mr. George Board- 
man under the firm name of Spencer & Boardman, and as 
such will conduct the Pacific coast agency of the iEtna. 
F. G. Argall will assume the duties of assistant manager 
of the Balfour-Guthrie Companies. 

THE old Pocahontas mine has appeared upon the Paris 
market, with a board of directors consisting of New 
York and San Francisco men. 



July 25, 1896. 

A Book Professor David Starr Jordan is a bold 
of thinker. There is force, character, and in- 

The Week.* tellectual independence in everything he 
says and writes. His scholarly attainments 
are unquestioned, and, when his varied accomplishments 
and vigorous brain power come together, we get the flash- 
light of something verging on what we call genius. And 
when such a man writes a great deal, other men naturally 
differ from some things he says. But the marvel is that 
we differ in so little after reading so much. Here, for in- 
stance, we have a book of 266 pages on the "Care and 
Culture of Men," and, from the beginning to the end of the 
work our brain is stimulated by the originality the author 
puts into his sentences and the boldness with which he ex- 
presses them. That Professor Jordan would advocate 
higher education for men and women was to be expected, 
but that he would write a book on such a subject that 
would chain the interest of the average reader, as well as 
instruct the student, was somethiug for which, we confess, 
we were not prepared. But this is what Professor Jordan 
has done. In one of his opening sentences he tells us that 
poverty should not frighten young men from the hope of 
winning their way to college, and that it is "nonsense" 
to talk about financial difficulties, and in some following 
pages he writes in a way that should make the dullest slug- 
gard feel that he should try, and make a spirited, glorious 
effort to climb Upward and Onward all the time. And 
then he says: 

" The young men who have fought their way, have earned their 
own money and know what a dollar costs, have the advantage of the 
rich. They enter the world outside with no luxurious habits, with 
no tastes for idleness. It is not worth while to be born with a silver 
spoou in your mouth, when a little effort will secure you a gold one. 
The time, the money that the unambitious young man wastes in 
trifling pursuits or in absolute idleness will suffice to give the am- 
bitious man his education. The rich man's son may enter col- 
lege with better preparation than you. He may wear better clothes. 
He may graduate younger. But the poor man's son can make up 
for lost time by greater energy and by the greater clearness of his 

Who can read this, written as it is by a man who knows 
his subject from root to blossom, without feeling inspired to 
put the shoulder to the wheel and fighting it out if it takes 
ever so many summers to win in the end ? Again, when 
writing about the Price of Liberty, he says: 

" To hold the civilization we enjoy to-day is the work of higher 
education. Every moment we feel it slipping from our hands. 
Hence, every moment we must strive for a fresh hold. ' Eternal 
vigilance,' it was said of old, 'is the price of freedom.' And this is 
what was meant. The perpetuation of free institutions rests with 
free men. The masses, the mobs of men, are never free. They 
should be masses no longer, but individual men and women. The 
work of higher education is to put an end to the rule of the multitude. 
To tyranny confusion is succeeding, and the remedy for confusion 
is the growth of men who cannot be confused." 

And again he says : 

" We have a right to expect the scholar to serve as an antidote to 
the demagogue. You have been trained to recognize the fetiches and 
the bugaboos of the past ; you should know those of the present." 

And so on, chapter after chapter, holding up the advan- 
tages of higher education as the bulwark of our civiliza- 
tion and the great advance guard of all that is likely to be 
good in the ages to come. And it is comforting to hear 
this able man shattering such exploded fictions as the 
" voice of the people" being "the voice of God," as if the 
Creator placed his hall mark on those who could muster 
the largest count of noses. Here and there Professor Jor- 
dan broaches theories with which we do not agree, but 
this disagreement is the very essence of that higher edu- 
cation for which he pleads, and pleads so well. He wants 
to see a nation of individuals, not a nation of moving masses, 
just as General Thomas Francis Meagher once described 
the individuality of the American soldier, whom, he said, 
carried "a thinking bayonet." Melville Best Anderson 
once said that "the way to educate a man is to set him at 
work ; the way to get him to work is to interest him ; the 

way to interest him is to vitalize his task by relating 
it to some form of reality." And we have not read, 
for many years, a work that is more calculated to inspire 
the ambition to work and to seek honorable preferment as 
one of the ends of life than the book before us, reminding 
us as it does of the force, power, and intellectuality of 
Goldwin Smith, and being nothing behind that great Eng- 
lishman in learning or literary finish. 

* ''Care and Culture of Men." By David Starr Jordan. For sale at 

There is no hatter in the United States half as mad as 
we are to-day. And the cause of our madness, fury, de- 
rangement, enraged and disordered intellect is an author 
named Max Pemberton, a man who writes stories of the 
sea, pirates, sea-wolves, murder, wholesale slaughter, 
caves, blood and thunder, and all the other rubbish of the 
penny dreadfuls, which poor reviewers like ourselves are 
supposed to read and then give ten lines in condensation. 
If we had our way with writers of the Max Pemberton 
school, we would make them life members of a club to 
which none but book reviewers of good standing had the 
entree, and, if the ostracism they there received was not 
punishment enough for writing such trash as the "Iron 
Pirate," then we would send them to a Hades where their 
punishment should be a knowledge of what good writing 
means, with the ambition to write it, but only with ability 
enough to be ink slingers. We would give every man Jack 
of such rubbishly writers to Max Pemberton's own "Sea 

Emily Soldene is writing a book. It is her first attempt 
at authorship of any pretensions, but it is not her first at- 
tempt at literature. Several articles from her pen have 
been brought to our notice from time to time, and they be- 
tray finish and originality enough to warrant us in expect- 
ing good things in her promised "Recollections." Her 
varied experience on the stage, the people whom she met, 
the many countries she traveled in, the glare of the foot- 
lights, and the flippancies of the salon will all, no doubt, 
be brought into requisition, and there is no reason why she 
should not write a book full of living interest and bristling 
with experience. But what will particularly interest San 
Franciscans is that this book, which is to be called "Young 
Mr. Staples," will contain much about San Francisco and 
its people — a place Emily Soldene "loves," and where she 
" had many happydays," to use a phrase of her own. We 
shall look forward to " Young Mr. Staples " with interest. 

"Lessons in Literature," published by Messrs. Ains- 
worth & Co., of Chicago, says that "Charles Darwin, 
Thomas Henry Huxley, John Tyndall, and Herbert Spen- 
cer are eminent in their particular fields. It is to be re- 
gretted that they have made the fascinating beauty of 
their style subservient to the spreading of many false and 
infidel theories." Sydney Smith said that he reviewed 
books first and read them afterwards, and we suspect 
the author of the above gem of criticism has been guilty 
of the same thing. Either that, or he is — well, in plain 
language — he is an ass. 

Soldiers, and particularly "gunners," will be inter- 
ested in Major May's book on "Guns and Cavalry." 
Major May belongs to the English service, and his book is 
a resume of a number of lectures he gave at Woolwich. The 
lay reader will find a good many interesting historical 
events in the work, and the author writes well of them all. 

Godey's Magazine for August contains lots of entertain- 
ing reading for the summer time. Half a dozen pieces of 
fiction in as many keys give a very readable variety in 
that line, and something stranger than fiction is told in 
Albert L. Parkes' anecdotes of Anna Bishop, in the series 
of " Great Singers of this Century." 

Collectors of posters will be pleased to hear that the 
publishers of Scribner's Magazine have had a beautiful 
poster designed by Will H. Low, especially for collectors. 
This has been sent to newsdealers, and can be obtained on 
demand for a nominal sum. 

When you are selecting a wedding present, go to S. & G. Gump's, 
113 Geary street. They have a magnificent variety to choose from. 

The best lunch a lady can partake of is served at the Maison 
Kiche. Step in when your shopping is done. 

July 25. 1896. 




r E have got used to roof gardens, rank 
summer performances, seaside con- 
certs, pathetic estival vaudeville, bicycle parades, and 
other sorrows, but it remained for Bergen Beach, a new 
ocean resort, to show us a touch of originality. The enter- 
prising management of this place has conceived and car- 
ried out the happy performance of Pina/on on shipboard. 
The purchase of a condemned revenue boat gave them their 
stage, and the mtn en w&ne is more than either Sullivan or 
Gilbert ever dreamed of. So there is, in spite of Solomon, 
one thing new under the sun. 

I understand that Mrs. "Jinrarie" Lake, formerly Mrs. 
Toland, will sail on the Germanic on the fifth of August, 
and intends spending a month with friends yachting in the 
Solent. Mrs. Lake's trip is undertaken' in accordance 
with the doctor's orders, as she has recently been very ill, 
and a sea voyage is considered absolutely necessary for 
her restoration to health. Mr. Lake hopes to go over in 
time to bring his wife back to New York. 

Mr. and Mrs. V. P. Snyder and Mrs. Snyder's sister, 
Miss Mollie Torbert, are at the Victoria Hotel, Larchmont 
Manor, for the summer. Mr. W. \V. Belvin is at the Ori- 
ental, Manhattan Beach. J. B. Haggin and his niece, 
Mrs. Voorhies, are at the Mathenson, Narragansett Pier. 
Strange to say, Mr. Haggin has no horses with him. Mrs. 
Harry Gillig arrived yesterday from Paris and proceeded 
at once to her beautiful country home at Larchmont. She 
is looking very blooming. Her daughter Gladys is with 
her for the summer, and is, by the way, an expert little 
wheel woman. Commodore Harry has a busy week ahead 
of him supervising the race days at Larchmont — the great 
event in yachting circles in this part of the country. They 
will begin on the eighteenth and will continue, barring 
Sunday, daily until the twenty-fifth. In addition to the 
races during the day the evenings will be marked by 
special features. On Saturday night there will be a 
"musical frolic," on Sunday a sacred concert, on Monday 
amateur minstrels, on Tuesday a ball, followed by fire- 
works, on Thursday "local talent," on Friday recitations, 
and on Saturday legerdemain and magic by the invincible 
Herrmann. Needless to say that the Commodore's Pidus 
Achates, Prank Unger, will be an able assistant in getting 
up these entertainments, and two other Californians, Wil- 
lard Barton and Northrop Cowles, will be among the par- 
ticipants in the festivities. 

Yachting is about the only thing of interest going now ex- 
cepting golf. The tournament at Shennicock Hills, L. I., 
has brought together all the enthusiasts of the Scottish 
game, and a number unprecedented took part in the con- 
test. The champion, Charles Blair McDonald, who is re- 
membered in California, where he went shortly after his 
marriage to pretty Miss Porter of Chicago, was beaten 
easily, to the great sorrow of his admirers. 

Newport is very gay, and the season is reaching its 
height. Mrs. C. L. Best gave a brilliant party there 
yesterday, in honor of Baron de Levay and his bride, for- 
merly Miss de Wolf, of the celebrated old De Wolf family of 
Bristol, Rhode Island. Mrs. Oelrichs' entertainments have 
been confined to dinners. Miss Fair is exciting the envy 
of all the bicycling maidens of Newport by the number and 
variety of cycling costumes which she has brought from 
abroad with her, and in which she is uncommonly fetching 
and attractive. 

Society has sustained quite a shock in the news of Cor- 
nelius Vanderbilt's severe and sudden illness. Its effect 
was manifest in the street, and the bottom has dropped 
out of five hundred stocks more or less. Happily for his 
family, friends, and fiancee, the millionaire is better now, 
and the physicians are encouraged. The marriage of 
young Cornelius has again been deferred by his father's 

New York, July 16, 1896. Passe-Partout. 

The banqueting hall of the Maison Kiche is by far and away the 
finest in the city. No where else are the accommodations so perfect, 
the service so exceUent and such satisfaction given in every detail. 




Afe could not improve the quali 

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Admission on recommendation. Many sludeDts have been successfully 
prepared at this school. Day and evening sessions References : Presi- 
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PHELAN BUILDING, Nos. 353 355. Prof. L. H. Grau, Principal, late of 
Stanford University. 


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July 25, 1896. 

"XLFTER all, there is 
J\ no place like dear 
old Del Monte," said a girl from there last week, and she 
was about right in her conclusions, for although other re- 
sorts have spurts of gaiety, as it were, Del Monte is 
always delightful, where men may come and men may go, 
but the girls have fun forever, to paraphrase the "Brook" 
song. Of late, people down there have grown quite socia- 
ble, and the young matrons have had no end of a good 
time for themselves under the amiable guise of children's 
outings. Handsome Will Byrne made a most acceptable 
addition to the beaux already on the ground last week, 
and was at once pressed into active service for lawn 
luncheons, coaching picnics, etc. 

* * * 

At San Rafael, Baron von Schroeder is the moving spirit 
at the hotel, and is on the qui vive from day to day, impro- 
vising fresh pleasures for its guests. Ross Valley is largely 
indebted to Mrs. Minthorne Tompkins, who always has a 
house full of young people who, in addition to her several 
daughters, make a merry crowd. Society men, however, 
are in the minority at this little burg, which is such a haven 
of rest to business men of staid demeanor. 
* * * 

There seems no question as to the award of popularity 
to the opening bud, Miss Helen Wagner, who is destined 
to make her bow to the swim next season as an established 
favorite. Another pretty bud of the future who aspires 
to front rank is so imbued with the atmosphere of coin that 
it militates against her success as a favorite somewhat. 

* * # 

Some one suggests that what the girls call a wildly ex- 
citing time could be had by a paper chase with the Fair 
case people as participants — Mrs. Craven, or the beauti- 
ful maid, Margaret, leading with the deeds or pencil will, 
and the lawyers in full cry after them. What a spectacle 
it would be, surely! 

* # * 

One of the features of the Mill Valley night was the num- 
ber of old chaps allured thither from the city. Whether 
they were attracted by the skirt dance before the public 
gaze, or the dancing skirts behind the trees on the q. t., 
no one said. That the old boys had a good time, no one 
will deny. 

* * * 

An item from Menlo says that the son of a leading law- 
yer who dwells in the vicinity of that suburban retreat, 
and the last remaining daughter of a capitalist neighbor, 
are spoken of among their friends as likely to make a 
match in the near future. 

* * * 

Miss Jennie Catherwood seems to be following the exam- 
ple set her by her sister and mother, for, on <J!t, her fianc(5 
is a fascinating widower, so that our California belle is in 
big luck to get a husband who knows by experience how 
to take care of a wife. 

* * * 

Ed. Greenway appears to be able to accomplish that 
usually difficult feat of carrying water on both shoulders. 
The way he flies back and forth from Monterey to San Ra- 
fael, bestowing his jovial smile on each in turn, is a study. 

* * * 

Rumor has it that the matron of the military post is in 
high dudgeon at the thought of her husband's possible re- 
tirement, and vows of vengeance against the promoters 
of the thought are said to be registered in her active brain. 

* * * 

'Tissaid the latest with the girls is a proposition of 
Addie's that the girls use him as a medium for practicing 
the Carmen kiss ! The cool audacity of said Brownie sur- 
passes a refrigerator. 

* * * 

On dit, to Castle Crags will belong the honor of being 
the locale for the next society "announcement." 

How strange it is that people who have country houses 
and, above all, great wealxh to maintain them, do not be- 
come imbued with the spirit of hospitality and give society 
a chance to disport at their expense. Think of the possi- 
bilities of lawn dances, Jete champelres, or garden parties, 
with refreshments in tents, bands playing, and lovely 
gowns on still lovelier women, flitting to and fro. But no 1 
a cold, selfish policy apparently prevails ; palatial abodes 
are kept strictly on a family basis — no guests except the 
intimate neighbors — aDd of such is our wealthy rural set. 

* * * 

Charming Mrs. Osgood Hooker has had a good deal of 
petting from her girl friends during her enforced quiet re- 
sulting from her bicycle accident. Offers to read aloud, 
cozy chats, and delightful music, have all been hers in pro- 

* * * 

It is predicted that the star of the social firmament next 
season will be the unassuming young heiress of sugar mil- 
lions, Miss Emma Spreckels, whose wealth is one of the 
least of her attractions. 

After dinner try Adams' Pepsin Tutti-Frutti Chewing Gum. You 
will find it admirable. Indigestion fades before it. 

fePr @ l 

in THE 

Gomel) Oolong. 

The oldest and most reliable brand on the 
market. Sold only in 1-3 pound papers at 
20 cents per paper. All grocers keep it. 


"Pioneer " 

Medium Quality. 

Gold Seal" 

The Best Made. 

Badger " 

Excellent Quality. 

Gonquerer" I 

Fine Quality. 


Good Quality. 


Fair Quality. 


Cotton Hose. 

" Neptune " 

Cotton Hose. 

Rubber-Lined COTTON Hose "Eureka" Brand, Best Quality. 


677 and 570 MARKET ST., S. F. 

Vice-Pres. and Manager 

July 25, 1896. 



DEAR EDITH:— I hear from Paris that the old Greek 
waist is comiug, that the fashionable dressmakers are 
giving their customers to understand that their ideals are 
changing, and that there is to be no more tight lacing. 
This, if true, must mean that there are to be notable 
changes also in the cut and fashioning of gowns. 

During the past winter and spring more tight lacing 
has been observed here and abroad than for many a year. 
It will be pleasant to note the disappearance of these 
abominably ugly, stiff and ungraceful little waists. A 
small waist, if small by nature, may be lithe and neat and 
trim, but a waist laced into tiny proportions is a wooden 
monstrosity without any charm whatever. 

Transparent effects are the very latest novelties in 
dress goods. Exclusive establishments are showing gauze 
and net fabrics, together with crinkly grenadines that 
resemble thin crepons. Etamine and canvas are other 
varieties in rich color effects, as for instance, a thin, 
crinkly fabric, shading in different lights from brown to 
green and green to brown, in a really marvelous way. As 
has been before mentioned, these goods are to be lined 
with rich silk. A smart, elegant costume for a blonde 
consists of a canvas in golden brown, striped with darker 
brown and a thread of bright golden yellow. This is made 
up over a lighter shade of brown. Transparent black 
grenadine, with stripes of tiny Dresden flowers, is used for 
handsome reception gowns. Zibeline and goat's hair are 
other late dress novelties. 

Pink in loveliest tints will be a very favored color this 
summer, and among the beautiful dyes are anemone, also 
known as valesque, and old-rose pink; Venus, a delicate 
flesh tint; azalea, a soft rose, tinged with silver like the 
"dawn" tint of other seasons; shepherdess and Louis XVI. 
pinks are tinged with faintest mauve like the old Pompa- 
dour and lilac shades, and still deeper tones of this ex- 
quisite color copy the hues of the orchid, chrysanthemum 
and sweet-pea blossom. All of these dyes combine beauti- 
fully with silver grey, reseda, fawn color, cream, beige, 
apricot, magnolia, white, and some of the pale yellow 
shades. The latter mixture is like the "honeysuckle 
melange" of colors used a year ago. Pink and yellow 
French roses, jonquils, and geranium blossoms are massed 
upon some of Virot's round hats of black or dark-green 
openwork straw. 

Pretty summer capes or collets are made of fine black 
net, on which ecru lace braid is manipulated into flowers, 
and leaves, and scrolls, and then they are mounted on 
black or colored satin, green being a very favorite tint. 
Sets of revers, and cuffs, and epaulettes are made on gold 
gauze, lined with pale green, by stitching down trefoils of 
lace, and forming an applique edge. All sorts of pretty 
and unlooked-for materials are pressed into the service, 
and there is even a thin leather, to which a mother-of- 
pearl surface has been given, which cuts up into small 
shapes, and, in combination with much bright silk and 
metallic thread, gives effects that are perfectly wonder- 

Bodies' of fashionable dresses are in vogue of a different 
color from the skirt and sleeves, often in silk when the re- 
mainder is of some other material; they are draped from 
shoulders to waist with the new gauze which has the edge 
finally embroidered in beads, sequins, and lace appliques. 


"Eat, drink and be merry, for to-morrow you die!" Not if you 
go to Swain's Bakery, 213 Sutter street, for dinner. The cooking 
there is 30 excellent that a meal will give you a new lease of life. 
Their $1. table d'hote dinner is meeting with universal appreciation 
and is served between the hours of 5 p. m. and 8 p. M. and is especi- 
ally patronized by ladies who may find themselves without escorts. 
The most careful attention given to every detail. 

Mothers, be sure ana use "Mrs. Wlnslow's Soo thing Syrup" tor you 
children while teething 

Use Richardson & Bobbins' canned and potted meats for picnics. 

********** ***** ***** 

* * 





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Sacramento Office, 411 d St. 


H Dutard, C. B. Stone, T. B. Bishop, J. W. McDonald, 
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After using a few bottles of 

Shaw's Glycerine Lotion. 

Sold at SHAW'S, 

No. 3 Montgomery St. 



July 25, 1896. 

¥± -#■ 

" Plsase pass me the salt,'' said the first boarder. "Salt 
shouldn't be taken with this course," said the second 
boarder. " 1 know it. I'm not taking it with this course; 
I'm taking it with your last remark.'' — Odds and Ends. 

Your.g Man (very thin and very long) — I am going to a 
masquerade party, and I don't know what character to 
assume. Old Man (very thick and very short) — Chalk 
jour head and go as a billiard cue. — Tid Bits. 

Watts — Been reading anything about these Cuban atro- 
cities ? Potts — No. I've got a box of them at home yet 
that my wife bought three months ago from an alleged 
smuggler. — Cincinnati Enquirer. 

" No, Maud doesn't ride a wheel because her arms are so 
thin." "Are you sure you mean her arms ? " "Yes; they 
split her sleeves every time she rides against the wind." 
— Philadelphia News. 

Helen — What makes you think that Eve rode a bicycle 
in the Garden of Eden? Larkins — Merely inference. The 
Bible says she was the first woman to fall. — Town Topics. 

Mrs. McCailer — Your son has very engaging manners. 
Mrs. Atthome — I should say so. He is being sued for 
breach of promise by three women. — Washington Times. 

" The most curious thing in the world " "Hush!" 

hoarsely whispered the horrified Junkins, with a gesture 
toward the door, "she's in the next room." — Sketch. 

Dicky — They tell me you are living on the fat of the land 
at your new boarding place. Weefers — Yes, oleomar- 
garine and filled cheese. — Cleveland Plain Dealer. 

" Pop, what do you mean by a 'well-known man ?' " "A 
well-known man, my son, is the one in the crowd that 
everybody asks who he is."— Yonkers Statesman. 

De Caverly — Why is Miss Golightly so generally detested. 
Van Clove — Because she talks and acts like the smart 
girls in the comic papers. — Kansas City World. 

Briggs — Does your wife laugh when you tell her a funny 
story ? Bragcis— Oh, yes. I always tell her beforehand 
that it is funny. — Indianapolis Journal. 

Trolley President — How does that new fender work? 
Superintendent— I never saw anything like it. They 
never know what strikes them. — Life. 

planks in the 

_ "George says there's bound to be bolting in the 
tion." " Yes; I suppose that's to hold the plank 
platform."— Chicago Record. 

" Does the bicycle hurt your business?" "Yes. The 
junior partner and the confidential buyer are both in the 
hospital." — Detroit Tribune. 

Hotel— A place where you rent from the landlord the 
privilege of buying what vou can from the servants.— 
L. A. W. Bulletin. 

Jones — Brooks is dead. Brown — Well, I'm not surprised 
to hear it. His doctor told me he thought he could 
straighten him out. — Life. 

Dobson— Can your daughter play the piano ? Subbubs 
(wearily)— I don't know whether she can or not, but she 
does. — Punch. 

u»u Shegets her com P lexi on from her mother's folks." 
Ah, indeed. Are they druggists, then ? "—Detroit 

"I hear that your relations with your wife are strained " 
Yes "What caused it?" "Her relations."— New 
York World. 

Ella— Did Fred propose last night? Stella— I really 
don t know; I fell asleep about 1 o'clock.— Exchange. 

" What point does O'Beeze raise against Mrs. O'Beeze's 
riding a bicycle ? " " Emb onpoint. "—Town Topics. 

The Second Summer, 
many mothers believe, is the most precarious in a child's life- gen- 
erally it may be true, but you will mid that mothers and physicians 
familiar with the value of the Gail Borden Eagle Brand Condensed 
Milk do not so regard it. 


[Read directly, then read first and third, and second and 
fourth lines of each verse, and lo! the difference! 

THE bliss of him no tongue can tell, 
Who in a woman doth confide, 
Who with a woman scorns to dwell, 

Unnumbered evils will betide. 
They make the daily path of life 

A pleasant journey strewed with flowers; 
A dreary scene of painful strife 

They quickly change with matchless powers. 
Domestic joy will fast decay 

Where female influence is unknown; 
Where'er a woman holds the sway, 

A man in his perfections shown. 
Hhe's never failing to display 

Truth in its native loveliness 
A heart inclined to treachery 

A woman never did possess. 

That man true dignity will find 

Who tries the matrimonial state; 
Who pours contempt on woman kind 

Will mourn his folly when too late. 



33 Post Street, below Kearny, Mechanics' Institute Building. 
Guaranteed Capital, 81,000,000. Paid-Up Capital, $300,000. 


JAMES D. PHELAN, President. I S. G. MURPHY, Vice-President. 

JOHN A. HOOPER, Vice-President. 
Directors— James D. Phelan, L. P. Drexler, John A. Hooper, C. G. 
Hooker, James Mofflt, S. G. Murphy, Frank J. Sullivan, Robert McElroy, 
and Joseph D. Granc. 

Interest paid on Term and Ordinary Deposits. Loans on approved se- 
curities. GEO. A. STORY, Cashier. 

Deposits may be sent by postal order, Well, Fargo, & Co., or Exchange 
on City Banks. When opening accounts send signature. 


N. E. Corner Sansome & Sutter Streets. 

Cash Capital and Surplus 16,250,000 

John J. Valentine President I Homer S.King Manager 

H. Wadsworth Cashier I F. L. Llpman Assistant Cashier 

N. Y. City, H. B. Parsons, Cashier. | Salt Lake City. J. E. Dooly, Cashier 
Directors— John J. Valentine, Benj. P. Cheney, Oliver Eldridge, Henry 

E. Huntington, Homer S. King, George E. Gray, John J. McCook, Charles 

F. Crocker, Dudley Evans. 


No. 536 California St., S. f. 

Capital actually paid up in Cash, 81,000,000. Reserve Fund 8 715,000 

Deposits, Dec. 31, 1895, 830,727,586 59. Guaranteed Capital. .$1,200,000 

OFFICERS— President, B. A. Becker; Vice-President, Edward Kruse; 
Second Vice-President, A. C. Heineken; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; As 
sistant Cashier, Wm. Herrmann; Secretary, George Tourny Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller. 

Board of Directors: Edward Kruse, O. Shoemann, A. C. Heineken 
H. Horstmann, B. A. Becker, Ign. Steinhart, Daniel Meyer, Nic. Van Ber 
gen, Emil Rohte. Attorney, W- S, Goodfellow. 


222 Montgomery St.. Mills Building. 



Wm. Alvord S. L. Abbot. Jr. H. H. Hewlett 

Wm. Babcock O. D. Baldwin E. J. McCutchen. 

Adam Grant W. S. Jones J. B. Lincoln. 


No. 18 Geary Street. 

Incorporated November 24, 1869. 

ADOLPH C. WEBER President 

ERNST BRAND Secretary 



Storage Capacity, 100,000 tons. Regular warehouse for San Franclsoo 
Produce Exchange Call Board. 

These warehouses are the largest on the Pacific Coast, and are furnished 
with the latest Improvements for the rapid handling and storing of Grain 
A mill attached, supplied with the best and newest machinery for cleaning 
foul and smutty wheat. 

Money advanced at lowest rates of Interest on grain stored in warehouses. 
Insurance effected at lowest rates in first-class companies, or grain sold, 
if desired, at current rates. 

OFFICE— 302 Sansome St., over the Anglo-California B«nk. 

July 25, 1896. 


THK most expensive Tokay wine that lias ever been 
drunk is doubtless being drunk at present in Prank- 
fort-on-the-Main. Baron Willy Von Rothschild, the head 
of the Frankfort house, who has just recovered from a 
severe attack of influenza, has been ordered to take sum.' 
tine old Tokay wine. Application was made to a gentle- 
man, known as a gourmet and connoisseur, who cheerfully 
sent live bottles to the convalescent baron, at the same 
time declining payment for the same. Whereupon Baron 
Willy sent to the municipal council for the poor of the city 
a check for 5,000 marks— equal to $2§0 a bottle. 

Paul Verlaine's memory is to be perpetuated by 

placing a marble bust in the garden of the Luxembourg. It 
will not be far from those of Banville and Murger, and will 
be adorned by bas reliefs of scenes from Verlaine's works. 
It is to be made by the sculptor Niederhausen. The cost 
will be defrayed by the publication of a work devoted to 
Verlaine and his masterpieces, in which many admirers of 
the poet are to collaborate. 

One of the most curious of the vest-pocket states in 

Europe is Moresnet, which lies near Aix-la-Chapelle and 
has 2,700 citizens. It is claimed by Prussia and Belgium, 
but governed by neither, though together these nations 
appoint the mayor who rules the little state. Each man's 
taxes are only 5 shillings a year, his other burdens light 
and his self-respect resulting from his independence im- 

Ostnan Digna, who was born in 1836, is one of the 

bravest and most brilliant of the dervish forces in the 
Soudan. He is the son of a French nobleman and was ed- 
ucated in the military school at Cairo. He is a Mussulman 
in religion and an ardent hater of Europe and Europeans. 

; John Euskin is evidently near the end of his life. 

His memory is gone completely, and he imagines that he 
is in danger of starvation. He has given away enormous 
sums during his long life, and it is a fact that his gener- 
osity has left him comparatively poor. 

— — There are now three reigning monarchs who are 
entitled to ride at the head of the English cavalry regi- 
ments — the Czar, who is colonel-in-chief of the Scots Greys; 
the Emperor. William, whose regiment is the First Boyal 
Dragoons, and the Emperor of Austria. 

A pickpocket arrested in the act of taking a purse 

from a woman in a crowd during the Paris Carnival, when 
searched, was found to have no less that twenty-three 
purses about him, the total of his plunder amounting to 
more than $650. 

King Menelek of Abyssina lives in constant fear of 

assassination. He has bad several narrow escapes from 
death from poison at different times in his career. All his 
food and drinks are tasted before he partakes of them. 

If they had followed the career of their fathers, 

Verdi would have been an inn-keeper, Gerome a jeweler, 
Pailleron a butcher, Jules Simon a draper, Benan a corner 
grocer, and Dennery an old clothes man. 

The Duke of Cumberland was born without a nose. 

The one which adorns his face is the result of much ingen- 
uity on the part of the surgeons who attended him as an 



MOST desirable eight-room residence, handsomely 
furnished, and with all modern improvements, is for 
rent by Baldwin & Hammond, 10 Montgomery street. The 
house is surrounded by a lovely garden, and the location is 
choice in every respect. Bent low to responsible parties. 

Storage For Valuables. 
Daring the summer months the CALIFORNIA SAFE DEPOSIT 
AND TKUST COMPANY receives on storage at low rates in its fire 
and burglar-proof vaults silverware, furs and valuable property of 
every description. It also rents steel boxes at from $5 to $150 per 
annum. Conveniences for its patrons are unsurpassed. Office 
hours, 8 to 6 daily. Corner Montgomery and California Streets. 



porfttod by Royal Charter, 1868. 

Capital Paid Up, 98,000,000. Reserve Fund, 

Sodthkast i'. 'it BUSS ami SaNSOHS Sts. 

B&An&na— Vlotoria. Vancouver, Now Westminster, Kamioops, Nan 
lamo, untl Nelson, British Columbia; Portland, Oregon; Seattle and Ta 
coma, Washington. 

This Hunk transacts ii Qenera] Banking BusiU'-kn. Accounts opened sub- 
ject to Cbsok, and Special Deposits received. Commercial Credits granted 
available in all parts of the world. Approved Hills discounted and ad- 
vances made on good collateral security. Draws direct at current rates 
upon Us Head Ofncu and Branches, and upon its Agents, as follows: 

New Yd kk— Merchants' Bank of Canada; Chicago— First National Bank; 
LIVERPOOL— North and South Wales Bank; Scotland— British Linen 
Company; Ireland— Bank of Ireland; Mexico— London Bank of Mexico; 
South America — Loudon Bank of Mexico and South America; China and 
Japan— Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China; Australia and 
New Zealand — Bank of Australasia and Commercial Banking Company of 
Sydney, Ld; Demerara and Trinidad (West Indies)— Colonial Bank. 


Capital $3,000,000 00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits (October 1, 1894).. 3.158,129 70 

WILLIAM ALVORD President | CHARLES R. BISHOP. . Vice-Pres't 

ALLEN M. CLAY Secretary 

S. Prentiss Smith Ass't Cashier 


I. F. Moulton 2d Ass't Cashier 


New York — Messrs. Laidlaw & Co.; the Bank of New York, N. B. A. 
Boston— Tremont National Bank; London— Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & 
Sons; Paris— Messrs. de Rothschild Freres; Virginia City (Nev.)~ 
Agency of The Bank of California; Chicago— Union National Bank, and 
Illinois Trust and Savings Bank; Australia and New Zealand— Bank of 
New Zealand; China, Japan, and India— Chartered Bank of India, Austra- 
lia and China; St. Louis— Boatman's Bank. 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world. 

Draws Direct on New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Salt Lake 
Denver, Kansas City, New Orleans. Portland, Or., Los Angeles, and on 
London, Paris, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Frankfort-on-Main, Copenhagen, 
Stockholm, Christlania, Melbourne, Sydney. Auckland, Hongkong, Shang- 
hai, Yokohama, Genoa, and all cities in Italy. 


Corner California and Webb Streets. 

Deposits. Dec. 31, 1895 $24,202,327 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus 1,575,631 

ALBERT MILLER, President | E. B. POND, Vice-President 

Directors— Thomas Magee.G. "W. Beaver, Philip Barth, Daniel E. Mar- 
tin, W. C. B. De Fremery, George C. Boardman, Robert Watt; Lovell 
White, Casnier. 

Receives Deposits, and Loans only on real estate security. Country 
remittances may be sent by Wells, Fargo & Co., or by check of reliable 

garties, payable in San Francisco, but the responsibility of this Savings 
ank commences only with the actual receipt of the money. The signature 
of the depositor should accompany the first deposit. No charge is made for 
pass-book or entrance fee. Office hours— 9. a. m. to 3 p. m. Saturday even- 
ings , 6 :30 to 8. 


CAPITAL 81,000,000 

Successor to Sather & Co., Established 1851, S- in Francisoo. 

Jambs K. Wilson President. Albert Killer, Vice-President 

L. I. Cowgill. Cashier. Allen Knight, Secretary. 

Directors— C. S. Benedict, E. A. Bruguiere, P. W. Sumner, Albert Mil 
ler Wm. P. Johnson, V. H. Metcali, James K. Wilson. 

Agents: New York— J. P. Morgan & Co. Boston— National Bank of the 
Commonwealth. Philadelphia— Drexel & Co. Chicago— Continental Na- 
tional Bank. St. Louis— The Mechanics' Bank. Kansas City— First Na- 
tional Bank. London— Brown, Shipley & Co. Paris— Morgan, Harjes & Co 


N. W. Cor. Sansome and Sutter Sts. 

Subscribed Capital 12,500,000 | Paid TJpCapital 12,000,000 

Reserve Fund (850,000 

Head Office 58 Old Broad Street, London 

AGENTS— New York— Agency of the London, Paris, and American 
Bank Limited, No. 10 Wall Street, N. Y. Paris— Messrs. Lazard, Freres 
& Cie, 17 Boulevard Poissoniere. Draw direct on the principal cities of the 
world. Commercial and Travelers' Credits issued. 

C. ALTSCHUL ) Managers. 


Cor. Market, Montgomery, and Post Sts. 

Paid-Dp Capital $1,000,000. 

WM. H.CROCKER •■••■ President 

W. E. BROWN Vice-President 

GEO W KLINE Cashier 

Directors— Chas. F. Crocker, E. B. Pond, Hy. J. Crocker, Geo. W. Scott 


N. E. Cor. Pinb and Sansome Sts. 

Capital authorized $6,000,000 I Paid Up $1 '3££ 

Subscribed 3,000,000 f Reserve Fund 700,000 

Head Office— 18 Austin Friars, London, E. C. 

Agents at New York— J. & W. Seligman & Co.. 21 Broad street. 

The Bank transacts a General Banking Business, sells drafts, makes 

telegraphic transfers, and issues letters of credit available throughout the 

world. Sends bill^ f ™- collection, loans money, buys and sells exchange 

and bullion. IGN. STEINHAR T^ | Managers 


July 25, 1896. 

r ~— — •tTi"' ' ' 


SOMETIMES, my darling, I have suffered doubt; 
Sometimes, when what you said or did seemed cold, 
A hand more chill than Death's took sadden hold 
Upon my heart, and all the sunny view 
Grew dark, my darling, when I doubted yon; 

That was a longer night than ever drew 

Its sable curtain o'er the Western red ; 

I lived, and yet I felt that I was dead. 

I prayed that I might hate you, but in vain ; 

The prayer reproached me with a deeper pain. 

Then I recalled your tenderness to me, 
And vowed I still would cherish sweet belief; 
Cast off the shadow of my doubt and grief, 
Forget what eyes had seen or ears had heard, 
And deem the motive kinder than the word. 

'Twas well, for time's ordeal proved your love ; 

Beyond your weary words I learned to see 

The daily effort bravely made for me ; 

My heart was blind, dear love, when doubting you, 

For, oh, yon loved me better than I knew! 

Alas ! could we but see with clearer eyes, 
Alas ! could we but hear with keener ears, 
We should have truer hearts, live better years, 
And not regret too late the brave and true, 
The hearts that loved us better than we knew. 

TELEPATHY.— owen Meredith. 

Last night we met where others meet, 

To part as others part ; 
And greeted but as others greet, 

Who greet not heart to heart. 

We talked of other things and then 

To other folk passed by ; 
You turned and sat with other men, 

With other women I. 

And yet a world of things unsaid 
Meanwhile between us passed ; 

Your cheek my phantom kiss flushed red, 
And you looked up at last. 

And then your glance met mine midway 

Across the chattering crowd; 
And all that heart to heart can say 

Was in that glance avowed. 

LOVE'S DAWN— joh* hay, in the centum for September. 

In wandering through waste places of the world 
I met my love and knew not she was mine 
But soon a light more tender, more divine, 

Filled earth and heaven ; richer cloud curtains furled 

The west at eve; a softer flush impearled 
The gates of dawn; a note more pure and fine 
Rang in the thrush's song; a rarer shine 

Varnished the leaves by May's sweet sun uncurled. 

To me, who loved but knew not, all the air 
Trembled to shocks of far-off melodies, 
As to the summer's rustling thrills the trees 

When spring's suns strike their boughs, asleep and bar 

And then, one blessed day. I saw arise 

Love's morning, glorious, in her candid eyes. 

moods— emma c. oowd. 

The world grows cold as the world grows old, 

For tender are hearts of men, 
And the warmth that is lost in a cruel frost 

Will never be found again. 

The world grows sweet as the centuries meet, 

For Faith and Hope still sing; 
Their voices soar above the tempest's roar; 

"Love is eternal king! " 



Fire and Marine Insurance Agents, 

309 and 311 Sansome St. .... San Francisco, Cal 


FINDLAY, DURHAM & BRODIE 43 and 46 Threadneedle St., London 

SIMPSON, MACKIRDY & CO 29 South Castle St., Liverpool 



Fireman's Fund 


Capital, $1,000,000. Assets, $3,000,000. 



CHAS. A. LATON, Manager. 439 California St., S. F. 
FIRE Insurance. 

Founded A. D. 1792. 

Insurance Company of North America 


Paid-up Capital »3,00O,O0O 

Surplus to Polioy Holders 5,022,016 

JAMES D. BAILEY, General Agent, 412 California St., S. F. 


Capital Paid Up 11,000,000 

Assets 3,192,001.69 

Surplus to Policy Holders 1,506,409.41 

ROBERT DICKSON, Manager 501 Montgomery St. 

BOYD & DICKSON, S. F. Agents, 501 Montgomery St. 

OF AIX LA CHAPELLE, GERMANY. Established 1825 

Capital, t2.250.000 Total Assets, (6,854,653 65 

UNITED STATE EPARTME'NT: 204 Sansome St., S. F. 

VOSS, CONRAD & CO., General Managers. 


BUTLER & HALDAN, General Agents, 

413 California St., S. F. 



Capital 16,700,000 


No. 316 California St., S. F 

TRINITV ^PHOfM Prepares for college and university; 

I IV I 111 I 7 OOMUVJL, accredited school with University of 

For Youncr Mpn California and Leland Stanford Jr. Uni- 

^ versity. Christmas season opens 

and B °y s - Mondaij, August 3. 1896. 

3300 Washinflton Street, dr e. b. spalding - - Rector. 

July 25, 1896. 



JUSTICE is not tempered with mercy among the horny 
handed mountaineers .>f Switzerland. Like the clear 

cut crystal Alps al>oiit them, their ideas of right and 
wrong are sharp and plain. No soft and pliant rose un- 
folds her buds for those creatures of nature, but the crisp, 
pure edelweiss blossoms among pathless crags, a mirror 
of their character, a symbol of defiauce. 

Near the summit of a mighty mountain, where the 
heavens sometimes touched the earth, lived Hansel with 
his eight-year-old sou Berth 

The lit tie village in the valley, five miles away from 
Hansel's rude hut, knew little of the strange pair. When 
the church bell called the people to their God on Sunday 
morning, Hans and Berti trudged down the steep moun- 
tain path and heard the sermon preached: "A tooth for 
a tooth and an eye for an eye.'' As they climbed home 
again, alone and friendless, many an old village matron 
lookea after little Berti and shook her head. 

The villagers remembered pretty Marianne, whom 
sturdy Hansel had courted and won; they remembered the 
bright Sunday when Hans and Marianne stood radiant 
with joy at the altar: they remembered the morning when 
their old minister had taken water from the christening- 
font and sprinkled it upon the laughing child that lay in 
pretty Marianne's arms, while the birds sang happily out- 
side in the pine trees. And then they remembered how, a 
few days later, at the same church, the bell had tolled, 
and stern-faced villagers had laid Marianne to rest, and 
placed a black cross to mark the spot where Hansel's 
happiness lay buried. 

Was it strange that Hansel's heart grew hard, and 
deep lines plowed themselves into his forehead? Was it 
strange, when Rauderl, a former friend, robbed him by 
treachery, of the few earthly goods he still possessed — was 
it strange that he left the village leading Berti by the 
hand? In his rude hut built on the mountain top he 
brooded over his misery, and formed his strange ideas of 
sin and justice. 

From the shining capital of Austria the hand of Royalty 
was stretched out to grasp and bring into submission the 
Swiss mountaineers of steel and iron. 

The peaceful village resounded with the tramp of march- 
ing feet, and Austria's eagle-standard floated from the 
Burgo-master's house. Inch by inch the brave moun- 
taineers contested their ground, but were driven back. 
Closely pursued, a small band, Rauderl at their head, were 
fleeing to their last resort, the almost inaccessible moun- 
tain peaks. 

Hansel and Berti were sitting at their frugal dinner. 
They knew and cared nothing about the conflict that was 
raging in the valleys below them. A sharp knock stopped 
Hansel's fork in mid-air. Slowly he stepped towards the 
door and undid the latch. The door flew open, and face to 
face stood Hansel and Rauderl. With their eyes fixed up- 
on each other, for a minute, neither spoke. 

"Hans, I knew not that thou lived'stin this hut, or " 

"Why dost thou, of all men, disturb me here?" growled 
Hans, vengeance flashing from his eyes. 

"The Austrian hounds of soldiers have tracked me; I 
claim thy hospitality and protection." 

The heavy breathing of Hansel told of a mighty battle 
he was fighting with himself; then, with a great effort, he 

"Rauderl, thou hast wrecked my life, and if I had met 
thee in the field thou wouldst have died. Yet under my 
roof thou art safe; come! " and he walked to the farther 
end of the hut. 

Brushing away some dried leaves disclosed a trap-door, 
below which a few large bowlders, placed for steps, led in 
to a hollow passage formed by the rocks and half lit by a 
narrowing opening from the top. Pointing to a rough 
couch covered with straw, he left Rauderl, and without a 
word went back the way he came, scattering the heap of 
dried leaves over the trap-door. A safer hiding-place 
there was not in the mountain. 

" Berti, he is our guest and in our keeping," he said. 
With this he grasped his gun and strode through the half- 
open door. Berti understood; his father never wasted 
words on him; he was as frugal in his speech as in his 

Quickly Berti finished his potato and the crust of bread 

which served BS his meal. and. going to the door, pre- 
pared to spend the rest Of the day as usual, doing nothing. 

As he stepped from the mil a strange scene met his eye; 

an officer in the Austrian uniform, followed by five 
soldiers, was painfully climbing up the rocky path. 

Berti's Brst impulse was to run; but the uniforms were 
too much for the child's curiosity, and held him in dumb 
wonder, rooted to the spot. 

"Good morning, my little friend,'' called out the officer, 
as soon as he regained his breath; "have you seen a man 
pass here a short time ago?" Berti remained speechless 
with fear and amazement. The officer saw that there was 
a case of gaining time by losing it, and devoted the next 
few minutes to making friends with Berti. But not a 
word could he draw from the little fellow. The boy, young 
as he was, knew that his father had confided a secret to 
him which he dared not tell. 

The officer, seeing the hut, ordered a search to be made. 
He himself stayed with the child, for with quick percep- 
tion he at once recognized that the boy knew more about 
the matter than he cared to tell. 

After an unsuccessful search of the hut the soldiers re- 
turned. The officer became impatient; a child 
had withstood his threats, his efforts to find out more 
about the fugitive. Rauderl was the head of a large band 
of mountaineers and an important catch. 

Threats and entreaties had availed nothing with the 
boy. He would try bribery. Taking from his pocket a 
watch, a rare thing in those times, he held it before the 
astonished eyes of little Berti. 

"Will you tell me, my little man, if I give you that?" 
Berti's eyes glistened. He stretched out his hand. 
"No, no, first tell me; do you know where Rauderl is?" 

A conflict was going on in the boy's mind. He knew 
that it was wrong to tell, and yet — the watch — it would 
be his. 

"Listen, it ticks, my little one; here it is; now tell me. 
He is in the hut?" Berti nodded. He had yielded to the 

In a few minutes Rauderl had been dragged from his 
hiding-place. Berti sat with his new toy in his hands, 
while the soldiers formed around their prisoner. 

At this moment Hans appeared. With a wild curse, 
Rauderl raised his fist and shook it at him. 

"A fine traitor that boy of thine — he's sold me for that 
bauble." He could say no more; the soldiers at the com- 
mand of their officer were dragging Rauderl along. The 
click of their bayonets and guns had died away in the dis- 
tance, and everything was still. 

Hansel stood like a statue, his eyes riveted upon his 

"Berti!" The child looked up, frightened, into the 
stern face of his father. "Is it true that thou art a 

Berti did not answer. Like a tiger Hansel shot upon 
him and tore the watch from his hands. 

"For this toy thou hast betrayed him? Thou, my son — 
a Swiss — betrayed a man — for gold!" His eyes were 
terrible to look at in their fierce determination. 
"Follow me, boy." 

Slowly they crept up among the rocks, the child in mute 
fright following the father. They had reached the top; 
around them lay the beautiful mountains in quiet majesty, 
a blue haze rising like a veil from the valleys. Far below 
them the little cuurch bell called to vespers. It was the 
same bell that had 1 ung for Hansel's happiness and tolled 
for his sorrow. One moment Hans stood irresolute, lean- 
ing on his gun, his eyes fixed on the precipices below. 
With a quick, nervous motion he turned away from the 
beautiful panorama. 

"Pray, Berti, that God forgive thee — thou art a traitor; 
thou hast forfeited thy life, boy!" 

The villagers in the valley were startled in their vespers 
by the report of a gun. 

They watched in vain for Hansel and Berti, the Sunday 
following. Sunday after Sunday passed but no one came 
down the rocky mountain path, and when, a few weeks 
later, they climbed up to the rude hut, they found it lonely 
and deserted — and they shook their heads and wondered. 
Fred W. Wendt, in The New Bohemian. 


July 25, 1896. 

THERE are two button weddings to record this week, 
though it must be said that society in the city did not 
benefit much by either of them, as one was limited to re- 
lations only, and the other was celebrated at Mare Island. 
However, a number from town did attend the latter, 
which is spoken of as having been a very pretty affair. 
While army weddings are of frequent occurrence, it is not 
so often that they take place in Navy circles, especially 
when both bride and groom, as in this instance, belong to 
that branch of the service, for that the bride in this case 
does there can be no dispute, both her grandfather, the 
late Admiral McDougal, and her father, the late Captain 
McDougal, having been officers in the navy, and both at 
different times resided at Mare Island. It was in the 
chapel at the Navy Yard, at noon on Tuesday last, that 
the Rev. A. A. McAllister, Chaplain of the Yard, united 
in marriage Miss Kate McDougal and Lieut. Miles C. 
Gorgas beneath a large bell of white marguerites, which 
hung in front of the chancel rails. It might almost be 
called a white wedding, as white was the dominating tint 
of gowns and flowers used in decoration, the other adorn- 
ments, which were very elaborate, consisting of bunting, 
potted plants, evergreens and a profusion of flowers, for 
the beauty of which the Navy Yard is famed. The bride, 
who is a lovely brunette, was robed in white satin, a vol- 
uminous tulle veil quite enveloped her figure, and she car- 
ried a bouquet of bride's roses. Miss Bessie McDougal, as 
maid-of-honor, was gowned in white mousseline, and wore 
a large white Leghorn hat trimmed with white chiffon and 
pink roses; the six other young ladies who officiated as 
bridesmaids, the Misses McCalla, Wilcox, Carrie McDougal, 
and Florence Woods, were similarly attired, while the 
gentlemen of the party ah appeared in full dress uniform. 
These were the groom; Medical Director Woods, who gave 
away the bride; Dr. Hibbert, of the Bennington, who sup- 
ported the groom as best man, and the ushers, Lieuts. 
McDonald and Simms, Paymaster Mohun, and Ensigns 
Burgdorff, AUardice and Hussey. The band from the 
U. S. S. Independence furnished the music for the occa- 
sion. After the ceremony a reception was held at the 
residence of Commander and Mrs. McCalla, which was also 
beautifully decorated, and later in the day the happy pair 
departed for San Francisco en route to Monterey, and 
then East to Annapolis, where Lieut. Gorgas has recently 
received orders to report for duty at the Naval Academy. 

The other button wedding, which also took place on 
Tuesday, was an army one, the bride, Mrs. Minnie Mansfield 
Wood, widow of Captain Wood of the Fourth Cavalry, and 
the groom, Lieutenant Coffin of the Fifth Artillery, U. S. A. 
This wedding was also somewhat hastened owing to "or- 
ders " of the service, and instead of taking place to-day at 
the home of the Mansfields in San Jose as at first intended, 
the ceremony was performed at the residence of Mrs. A. 
J. Clunie, in the presence of half a dozen relatives, the 
Rev. D. A. Kelley tying the nuptial knot. The bride, who 
wore her traveling costume, was unattended. Lieutenant 
Coffin, of the navy, was his brother's best man. Lieuten- 
ant and Mrs. Coffin leave for the groom's station at Fort 
Canby to-day. 

Now that Mrs. Field is again in the city, a series of 
ladies' luncheons in her honor, card parties, etc., may rea- 
sonably be looked for, as Mrs. Field has many friends in' 
San Francisco who delight in thus entertaining her. Judge 
and Mrs. Field are to remain several weeks in San Fran- 
cisco, which is pleasant news to those who know them, and 
especially to those who are still out of town but expect to 
return at an early date. 

The tend of fashion is still in the direction of Del Monte, 
where there is always something new being done in addi 
tion to the manifold attractions which render the place so 
world famous. This season the novelties have been the 

lawn luncheons and teas, which are proving great suc- 
cesses, and latest of all the bicycle picnic, where each rider 
carries his own " feed" lashed to his wheel, and when the 
favored spot is reached they alight and partake. Coach- 
ing parties are always in favor, and they have been very 
numerous this month, and bowling parties are more popu- 
lar than ever before. 

Santa Cruz has ™ot had so many San Franciscans there 
this summer, but is being very liberally patronized by 
visitors from the interior, with whom it has always been a 
favorite place. However, the proposed camp for target 
practice by the troops of the First U. S. Infantry next 
month may prove a drawing card to many, for Uncle Sam's 
boys are favorites, especially so those of the officers, who 
will be in the field for several weeks. The light battery 
of the Fifth Artillery has been in camp there for some 
time, and the soldier beaux are welcome additions at the 
weekly hops at the hotels. 

At San Rafael the novelty of the season so far was the 
paper chase last Saturday, which was participated in by 
nearly all the young people there assembled. A recent 
addition to the young society at San Rafael is Miss Rod- 
gers, who is visiting her cousin, Miss Juliette Williams, 
and is already a great favorite. Both young ladies will be 
members of the Walter Hobart party at Del Monte in 
August on the occasion of the annual "shoot." San Ra- 
faelites are rejoicing in the prospect of having Mrs. Lou's 
Parrott at home again — she has always proved such a 
prime mover in all that is novel in the way of entertaining, 
and is such an energetic, untiring hostess. She has been 
away for lo! these many months, but is now en route home- 
wards, Mr. Parrott having gone Eastward a few days ago 
to meet her. 

From the different resorts one hears of changes in the 
personnel of the guests, which are constantly taking place, 
as for instance, Mrs. Hoffman and her daughters have 
gone from San Rafael to the Blue Lakes; Mrs. J. Bigelow 
from San Rafael to San Jose; Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Howard 
have left Castle Crags for San Mateo, and will spend some 
time at Del Monte; the Will Croekers are also at their 
Burlingame summer home, after a pleasant visit to Del 
Monte; Mrs. and Miss Ellis, Mrs. and Miss Alice Shea 
have gone to Sausalito for the rest of the season; Mrs. 
Shreeve and Miss Bessie, from Sar Jose to San Mateo for 
several weeks' stay; Miss Jennie Hooker has been the 
guest of Mrs. Dan Murphy at Menlo Park ; Miss Ella 
Adams has been visiting Mrs. Greene at Sausalito; Mrs. 
Graves and Miss Elma have gone to Portland, Or., for a 

Miss Jennie Catherwood is visiting Miss Alice Ruther- 
ford at Castle Crags, having accompanied Mrs. George 
Crocker on that lady's return there last week, and is be- 
ing charmingly entertained there. Her marriage to Dr. 
Grinnell is set for the month of October. Mr. and Mrs. 
Walter Hobart have been enjoying the charms of rustic 
life in the lovely scenery of Lake Tahoe during the past 
ten days. Mrs. C. A. Spreckels is spending the summer 
at Del Monte during the absence of Mr. Spreckels, who 
sailed for the Sandwich Islands last week, with the inten- 
tion of being absent until September. Ed. Sheldon and 
Allan Bowie are off to Castle Crags for an outing. Dr. 
and Mrs. Eddie Younger left yesterday for a visit to the 

Belvedere is awakening from the slumber in which it has 
indulged so far this season, and in future the first and 
third Wednesday evenings of the month are to be given 
over to music on the water. The experiment was tried 
with success last week, when the band from Angel Island, 
on the launch Wildwood, toured the cove to such pleasure 
of all within earshot, that it was decided to repeat the per- 
formance every other week. 

Sausalito is also waking up, and fired by the recent 
glories of the fete in Mill Valley, arrangements are being 
discussed for an evening fete there, which is to combine all 
the best features of those that have already taken place 
hereabouts and rival them in beauty and completeness of 
detail. Further developments are eagerly awaited by the 
residents as well as outsiders. 

July 25, i8q6. 



Therp have been quite a number of arrivals in town from 

the country during the week Mrs .1 D. Spreckels, from 

Elobles; tbe Belobera and Mrs H. M. A. Miller, from 

Del Monte: Miss Fanny Friedlaiuler and the Grant 
fridges, from San Rafael: Mrs. Monroe Salisbury and her 
daughter, from Fleasanton. ate 

Miss Georgia May Hay ward and Herbert Guv Root 
were married on the '.'L'nd inst. at the residence of Mrs, 
Marceau. The groom is a prominent young business man 
here, and the bride is also well known in society. The 
ceremony was a most beautiful one. Reverend Dr. Boynton 

Miss Irene Kelly, daughter of James P. Kelly, President 
of the Hibernia Bank, and sister of Mrs. W. S. Lysle, 
died during the week. Her circle of friends was exceed- 
ingly large, and by them she will ever be fondly remem- 
bered, as much for her loving disposition as her charity 
towards the needy around her. 

Miss Lollie Price, the accomplished and beloved young 
daughter of Professor Thomas Price, died suddenly at her 
residence on Saturday morning last. The news" was a 
great shock to her many friends, and sincere sympathy 
has been expressed on ail sides for the remaining members 
of her family. 

Judge W. W. Morrow, of the United States District 
Court, is sojourning with his family at Lake Tahoe, and 
expects to remain there for some time. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry L. Dodge have arrived in Paris. 
Judge and Mrs. Boalt are en route to Europe, having left 
here last week for Carlsbad. 

Electric Power 
Fop Tuolumne. 

San Francisco capitalists have just bought 
a controlling interest in the Tuolumne 
Electric Light and Power Company, 
owners of a plant erected to supply 
power to the mines along the mother lode for a distance 
of twenty-two miles. The works were started up in May 
last, and has gradually been widening its field ever since. 
The new power will prove very useful in the future during 
the dry season, rendering the companies along its line 
independent entirely of a water supply. It is said that 
the price paid is in the neighborhood of $125,000 for 65,000 
out of 100,000 shares of capital stock. 

INSTEAD of making so much fuss over fraud said to 
have been perpetrated at the last election, we should 
adopt measures which will prevent illegal methods being 
indulged in next November. When thieves are once 
elected to office they usually stay there. 

THE bicycle parade to-night will be one of the events of 
the season. Bicyclists have done much to bring about 
improvements in the condition of our streets and they 
should receive a hearty greeting along the whole line of 

Poison Ivy. — Recent investigations, according to Science, 
establish the fact that the essential poison of the poison 
ivy can be nothing but an oil. Hence water will not re- 
move the poison from the surface, but alcohol will, if ap- 
plied freely. 

Are You Going East? 
The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, Santa Fe Route, i3 the coolest 
and most comfortable summer line, owing to its elevation and ab- 
sence of alkali dust. Particularly adapted to the transportation of 
families or large parlies, owirjg to its Pullman palace drawing room 
and modern upholstered tourist sleepers, which run daily through 
from Oakland to Chicago via Kansas City. Ticket office, 644 Market 
street, Chronicle building. Telephone Main 1531. 

Sunburn and Freckles removed by "Cream of Orarge Blossoms." In 
jars, 60c. Pacific Perfumery Co. San Francisco. 

The modern oxygen cure for 

Watson & Co. 

Pacific Coast Agents : 

Send (or circulars. 

Real tea is different from what yon 
know, unless you have drunk tea in 
Ceylon, or China, or Japan. It has a 
delicacy and charm and inspiriugness 
of flavor that not one American in ten 
thousand has any idea of. 

Schillings Best (roasted in San Fran- 
cisco), fresh, with the full tea flavor in — 
as the tea nations drink it. 

A. Schilling & Company, 
San Francisco. 

\ SEEN ■=> J 

Tie XR06nDE,R0?f 



jfc Eat. Drink and be Merry at "THE TROCADERO " 3L. 

f? A little Paradise: "THE TROCADERO." 300 yards from the ™ 
^a Ingleside, Corbett Road, near the new race track. .^L 

^ ERNEST DOELTE.R, Proprietor and Caterer. a. 

^4*44* 4*4^4* 4*4*4*4*4* 4444 4*4*^ 



Successor to . . . 


At the old stand, 

759 Market St., S. F., Cal, 


House and Sign 
Painting. — — = 

Tel. Main 372. 

Stylish Suits. 

Samuel Meyer. B. J. Burr. 

The Most Stylish and Elegant Suits 
are made by . , . . , , . 

Successors to 

B. J. BURR & CO., Burr* Fink. 


At 224 Sutter Street, North Side, West of Kearny. 


Hale & Norcross Silver Mining Company. 

Location of principal place of business— San Francisco, Cal. Location of 
works— Virginia Mining District, Storey County, Nevada. 

Notice is hereby given that at a meeting of the Board of Trustees, held 
on the 9th day of July, 1896, an assessment (No. 109) of Fifteen Cents 

?.er share was levied upon the capital stock of the corporation, payable 
mmediately in United States gold coin to the Secretary", at the office of the 
company, room 3, 331 Pine street, San Francisco, California. 
Any stock upon which this assessment shall remain unpaid on 

FRIDAY, the 14th DAY OF AUGUST, 1896, 
wiL be delinquent, and advertised for sale at publio auction, and unless 
payment is mn,de before will be sold on Fiiday, the 4th day of September, 
] 896, to pay the delinquent assessment, together with the costs of adver- 
tising and expenses of sale. By order of the Board of Trustees. 

R, U COLLINS, Secretary 
Office: Room 3, Stock Exchange Building. 331 Pine street, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 



July 25, 1896. 


(Pacific System.) 
Trains Leave and are Due to Arrive at 

Leave. | 

From -Tune 7, 1XU6. 

I Arrive 

»6:0O a Niles, San Jose, and way stations 8 

7:00 A Atlantic Express, Ogden and East 8 

7 :00 A Benicla, Vaeavllle, Rumsey, Sac 

ramento, Oroville, and Redding 

45 A 

via Davis. 

•15 P 

15 p 
15 P 

45 P 
15 a 
15 p 
45 P 

:45 a 
:45 a 

15 a 

:45 A 

:45 A 

:45 a 

7:00 a Martinez. San Ramon, Napa, Cal- 

lstoga, and Santa Rosa 

8:30a Niles, San Jose, Stockton. lone, 
Sacramento, Marysville and Red 

Bluff * 

•8:30 a Peters and Milton *7 

9:00a Los Angeles Express, Fresno, 

Santa Barbara and Los Angeles. 4: 

8:00 a Martinez and Stockton 10 

9:00 a Vallejo ° 

1:00p Niles, San Jose and Livermore... 8 

*1 :00 p Sacramento River steamers *9 

tl :30 p Port Costa and Way Stations.... 17 
4:00 p Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, 
Napa, Calistoga, El Verano and 

Santa Rosa ■■ 9 

4 :00 p Benioia, Vaeavllle, Woodland, 
Knight's Landing, Marysville, 

Oroville, and Saoramento 

4:30 p Niles, San Jose, Livermore and 

Stockton v';;" ' 

4 :30p Merced, Berenda, Raymond (lor 

Yosemite) and Fresno 11 

5:00p New Orleans Express, Fresno, 
Bakersfield, Santa Barbara, Los 
Angeles, Deming, El Paso, New 

Orleans, and East 10 

5 :00 p Santa Fe Route, Atlantic Express 

forMojave and East 

5:00p Vallejo 

6:00 p European mail, Ogdenand East. . 
6:00 p Haywards, Niles and San Jose... 1 

J7:O0p Vallejo f 

7:00 P Oregon Express, Sacramento, 
Marysville, Redding, Portland, 

Puget Sound and East 10:45 A 

Santa Crdz Division (Narrow Gauge). 

J7 :45 A Santa Cruz Excursion, Santa Cruz 

and principal way stations 18:05p 

8:15 a Newark, Centerville, San Jose, 
Felton, BoulderCreek, Santa Cruz 
and way stations 5:50 p 

«2 :15 p Newark, Centerville, San Jose, 
New Almaden, Felton, Boulder 
Creek, Santa Cruz, and principal 
way stations *1 1 :20 A 

gl:15P Newark, San Jose, Los Gatos TI):50a 

Coast division (Thir d and Townsend streets). 

6 :45 a San Jose and way stations (New 

Almaden Wednesdays only *1:30P 

{7:30 a Sunday Excursion for San Jose. 
Santa Cruz, Pacific Grove and 

Principal Way Stations t8:35P 

8:15 a San Jose, Tres Pinos, Santa Cruz, 
Pacific Grove, Paso Robles, San 
Luis Obispo, Guadalupe and prin- 
cipal way stations 7 :05 P 

J9:47 a Palo Alto and Way Stations tl:30 p 

10:40 a San Jose and way stations 5:00 p 

11 :80 A Palo Alto and way stations 3 :30 p 

*2:30 P San Mateo, Menlo Park. San Jose, 
Gilroy. TreB Plnos, Santa Cruz, 
Salinas, Monterey. Pacifio Grove *10:40 A 
*3:30 p San Jose, Pacific Grove and way 

stations 9 :47 A 

*4 :30 p San Jose and Way Stations *8 :06 a 

5:30pSan Jose and principal way 

stations *8:48A 

6:30p San Jose and way stations 6:35 A 

tll:45p San Jose and way stations t7:45P 

San Leandro and Haywards Local. 

(•6:00 Al 
8:00 A 
9:00 A 

111.00 A 
8:00 p 
3:00 P 
4:00 p 
5:00 P 
5:30 P 
7:00 P 
8:00 p 
9:00 P 
ttll:15 P 

Seminary Park, 


San Leandro, 



i Runs through to Niles. 
t From Niles 


:15 a 

45 A 

:45 A 
:45 A 
45 p 
45 P 
:45 p 
:45 p 
:15 p 
:45 p 
:45 P 
:45 p 
:50 p 
:00 p 

From San Francisco— Foot ot Market street 
(Slip 8). 

•7:15,9:00. and 11:00 A. M., 11:00, *2:00, 13:00, 
•4:00, 15:00 and »6:00p. M. 
From Oakland — Foot of Broadway. 

•6:00,8:00, 10:00 A. M.; J12:00, »1:00, 12:00, 
•3:00,14:00 »5:00p. M. 

A tor Morning. p for Alternoon. 

•Sundays excepted. tSaturdays only. 

JSundays only, 
ft Monday, Thursday, and Saturday nights only. 

2 Saturdays and Sundays for Santa Cruz. 

\ Sundays and Mondays from Santa Cruz. 

The Pacific Transfer Company will oall for 
and check baggage from hotels and residences. 
Enquire of Ticket Agents for Time Cards and 
other information. 


A nice youns man in Scranton called on a 
nice young lady and spent the evening. 
When he arrived there was not a cloud in 
the sky, so he carried no umbrella and wore 
neither goloshes nor mackintosh. At ten 
o'clock when he arose to go, it was raining 
cats and dogs ; the gutters o'erflowed and if 
it had been. Johnstown, it could properly 
have been called a Johnstown flood. 

"My, my, ray!" said the nice young lady, 
"if you go out in all this storm you will 
catch your death o' cold !" 

"I'm afraid I might!" was the trembling 

"Well, I'll tell you what— stay all night; 
you can have Tom's room, since he's at 
college. Yes, occupy Tom's room— excuse 
me a minute and I'll just run up and see if 
it's in order." 

The young lady flew gracefully up the 
stairs to see that Tom's room was in order. 
In five minutes she came down to announce 
that Tom's room was in order, but no 
Charles was in sight. Like old Clangingharp 
he had passed out — no one knew where or 
how. But in a very few moments he ap- 
peared, very dripping and out of breath 
from running, a bundle in a newspaper un- 
der his arm. 

"Why, Charles, where have you been?" 
was his greeting. 

"Been home after my night shirt," was 
the reply.— The Philistine. 


The London census has been somewhat of 
a disappointment to England, inasmuch as 
the rate of growth has slightly fallen off in 
the last five years. But as so many of the 
outlying suburbs, such as Hampstead and 
Willesden, lie outside the radius of the Lon- 
don County Council, and were consequently 
not included in the census, the estimate of 
nearly five millions is a good deal under the 
mark. Counting in these suburbs, the popu- 
lation of London is now somewhat over six 
and a half millions, and every one is guess- 
ing at its probable size at the end of another 
hundred years. The present century has 
seen London quintuple its population, and 
1 have come across a mad statistician who 
assures me that in two hundred years London 
will have sixty millions of people within its 
boundaries. 'Bat then, for the prophet who 
undertakes to predict the future of London 
the field is a very wide one. — Harper's 

"The human race is divided into the two 
classes; those who go ahead and do some- 
thing, and those who sit and enquire, "why 
wasn't it done the other way?"— Oliver 
Wendell Holmes. 

"Women seldom repent of talking too 
little, but very often of talking too much." 
— La Bruvere. 

Finest and most popular in the land. 

" Criterion " HiRRT COLL, P?o P rietor 

30 Stockton and 39 O'Farrell street. S. F. 
Wines and Liquors. Straight Goods a 

The Grand Pacific, ffiftSS^ 

MRS. ELLA CORBETT. Proprietress. 
Furnished rooms by the day, week, or month. 






S S "Australia", for Honolulu only, Tuesday, 
August 4, at 10 a m. 

S S " Monowai " sails via Honolulu and Auck- 
land, for Sydney, Thursday, August 20- at 2 p.m. 
Line to Coolgardie, Australia, and Capetown, 
South Africa. J. D SPRECKELS & BROS. CO.. 
Agents, 114 Montgomery St. Freight office, 327 
KarketSt., San Francisco. 


Tiburon Ferry— Foot of Market Street. 


WEEK DAYS— 7:30, 9:00, 11:00 A M; 12:35,3:30 
5:10, 6:30 p M. Thursdays— Extra trip at 
11:30 p m. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1:50 
and 11:30 pm. 

',11:30, 11 :00a m; 1:30 3:30,5:00, 

6:20 PM. 


WEEK DAYS— 6:15, 7:50, 9:10, 11:10 AM; 12:45, 
3:40, 5:10 p M. Saturdays— Extra trips at 1 :55 
and 6 :35 pm. 

SUNDAYS— 7:35, 9:35, 11:10 AM; 1:40,3:40,5:00, 
6:25 p M. 
Between San Francisco and Schuetzen Park, 

same schedule as above. 

Leave s. f. 

| In Effect 
I April 2, 1896 

Days. Sundays. "Sksti'tioh. 

7:30AM 7:30am 
3:30pm 9:30am 
5:10 pm ,5:00pm 

Santa Rosa. 






Arrive in S. F. 

Sundays. £«* 

10:40 am 8:40am 
6:05 pm 10:10am 
7:30pm 6:15PM 


7:30 ami ..«,.„ 1 Pleta, Hop- 1 ,.», PM |10:10am 
3:30 pm| 7 * am |land, TJklah.l 7 - 3UPM | 6:15PM 

sUpmI 7:30am 1 GoernevMel 7:80pm $£$$ 

7:30ami 7:30am 1 Sonoma, |10:40am 18:40am 
5:10pm| 5:00pm | Glen Ellen. | 6:05pm |6:15pm 

7:30 AMI 7:30AM 1 e,,ha«t/>iw>l 110:40am 110:10AM 
3:30pm| 5:00pm | Sevastopol. | 6 .n5 PM | 6: i 5PM 

Stages connect at Santa Rosa for Mark West 
Springs; at GeyservilleforSkaggs' Springs; at 
Cloverdale for the Geysers; at Pieta for High- 
land Springs, Kelseyville, Soda Bay and Lake- 
port; at Hopland for Lakeport and Bartlett 
Springs; atUkiah, for Vichy Springs, Saratoga 
Springs. Blue Lakes, Laurel Del Lake, Upper 
Lake, Pomo, Potter Valley, John Day's, Lfer- 
ley's, Gravelly Valley. Booneville, Greenwood, 
Orr'sHot Springs. Mendocino City. Fort Bragg, 
Westport, Usal, Willitts, Cahto, Covelo, Lay- 
tonville, Harris, Scotia, and Eureka. 

Saturda-y-to-Monday Round Trip Tickets at re- 
duced rates. 

On Sundays, Round Trip Tickets to all points 
beyond San Rafael at half rates. 

TICKET OFFICE— 650 Market St., Chronicle 



Gen. Manager. 

Gen. Passenger Agent. 


Dispatch steamers from San Francisco for 
ports in Alaska, 9 a.m.. July 3, 13, 18, 28; Aug. 
2, 12, 27. 

For B. C. and Puget Sound ports, July 3, 8, 
13, 18, 23, 28 and every 5th day thereafter. ' 

For Eureka (Humboldt Bay), Steamer "'Pom- 
ona," at 2 P. M. July 5, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, and 
every fourth day thereafter. 

For Newport, Los Angeles and all way ports, 
at 9 A. m. ; July 2, 6. 10, 14, 18, 22, 26, 30, and every 
fourth day thereafter. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Port Harford 
Santa Barbara, Port Los Angeles , Redondo, (Los 
Angeles) and Newport, July 5, 8, 12. 16. 20, 24, 28, 
and every fourth day thereafter, at 11 A. m. 

ForEnsanada, San Jose del Cabo, Mazatlan, 
La Paz. and Guaymas (Mexico), steamei "Ori- 
zaba," 10 a. m., July 3, and 25th of each month 

Ticket Office— Palace Hotel, No. 4 New 
Montgomery street. 

GOODALL, PERKINS & CO., Gen'l Agents, 

No. 10 Market street, San Francisco 


For Japan and China. 

Steamers leave wharf at FIRST and BRAN- 
NAN STREETS, at 3 P M, for YOKOHAMA and 
HONGKONG, connecting at Yokohama with 
steamers for SHANGHAI. 

Belgic (via Honolulu). Saturday, August 8, 1896 
Goptic (via Honolulu), Wednesday, Aug. 26, 1896 

Gaelic Saturday, September 12, 1896 

Doric (via Honolulu), Wednesday, Sept. 30, 1896 

Round Trip tickets at Reduced Rates. 

For freight or passage apply at Company's 
Office, No. 421 Market street, corner First. 

D. D. STUBBS, Secretary. 




O 5 

O £ 

<£> 3 

— o 

° 8 

^ £ 

CO t 



cn I 

CO g 

UJ ° 

Q£ - 

? I 

— I 


Price Per Copy, 10 Ornl: 

Annual Subscription, Si.OO. 

9 tM r M£2? 1 *** 

<&xiliUvxwx Jvfltarlisjer. 

Vol. LIU. 


Number 5. 

Printed and Published terry Saturday by the proprietor, FRED MARRIOTT 
606-409-613 Merchant street, San Francisco. Entered at San Francisco 
Postoffice as Second-class Matter. 

The office of the SEWS LETTER (n Sew York City is at Temple Court; 
and at Chicago. 90S Boycc Building. {Frank E Morrison, Eastern 
Representative), where information maybe obtained regarding subscrip- 
tion and advertising rates. 


HERE is enough "brine" in the country to pickle the 
Democratic Party 

THE country needs more facts and less sentiment on 
the silver question. Finance and rhetoric do not go 
well together. 

THE demand of the Populists, that Sewall retire from 
the Democratic national ticket, is a case of the tail 
trying to wag the dog. 

IT is rather funny that Mark Hanna should be formally 
called upon to explain his attitude towards labor. Is 
Hanna a candidate for the Presidency? 

BRYAN'S promise, that there will be no sign to "keep 
off the grass," when he is President, bids fair to be 
fulfilled. When Bryan is President there will be no grass. 

THE Anarchist delegates to the International Socialist 
Trade Congress at London, on being refused admis- 
sion by that body, promptly proceeded to break down the 
doors. This action displayed a beautiful consistency often 
lacking in the delegates to political conventions. 

THE bicycle parade last Saturday night was conspicu- 
ously mismanaged, but the turn-out of beautifully 
decorated wheels shows what can be done here under bet- 
ter arrangements. A bicycle procession should be a lead- 
ing feature of the April carnival. 

CALIFORNIA fruit is being received with marked favor 
in the London markets. Of the quality of our pro- 
ducts there has never been any doubt, but this last victory 
will be hailed with great satisfaction by our fruit growers 
who can now see their way clear to successfully compete 
with the shippers of France and Germany. 

OUR suggestion that the Carnival be held next spring 
has apparently been acted upon and we are glad of it. 
Business will be brisker then and our merchants will feel 
better able to contribute towards the undertaking. More- 
over, we shall have plenty of time to advertise it in the 
East and can therefore count upon a larger number of 
visitors than we could if it were held in October. 

"'"pHERE'S nothing in this idea of learning a trade," 
1 remarks one of the army of deputies at the City 
Hall. Should the Populists and Socialists succeed in 
revolutionizing the Government, every man might look for 
support from the public crib. In that case handicrafts 
would be more shunned than they are now. 

ONE of our able dailies bewails the fact that our gold 
flows out of the State about as fast as it is produced. 
This would be, indeed, wonderful, if California did not al- 
ways get a full equivalent in return. The wise journal 
might as well grieve because our grain and fruit are 
shipped out of the State, instead of being "kept to hum." 
The ancient fallacy in regard to "keeping money at home" 
appears to survive the utmost efforts of political economy 
to put it down. 

THE sympathies of the Christian world are with the in- 
surgents in Crete, in their struggle against the Turks. 
The history of the Turkish occupation of the island is one 
of atrocities and oppression. Any uprising against the 
Turks is to be encouraged. Crete is naturally a part of 
Greece, and more than two-thirds of its population are 
Greek Catholics. Success to their valiant arms. 

AT a recent political meeting in Stockton the chairman 
declared the silver question to be the one great issue 
of the campaign, at the same time saying he knew nothing 
about it, but meant to study it carefully. Most of the 
oratory between now and election will be equally distin- 
guished for its ignorance of the subject, but the absence of 
knowledge will form no barrier to the flow of words. 

THE indictment of Supervisors because of the reduction 
of certain assessments is a legal farce, as ridiculous 
as the late proceedings against Assessor Siebe. Every- 
body knows that the Supervisors, sitting as a Board of 
Equalization, have kept well within the limits of the dis- 
cretion which the law allows. Indictments of this kind 
tend merely to bring the Grand Jury system into con- 

JOHN DAGGETT, Superintendent of the Mint, and Ed- 
ward Lanigan, Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue, 
have entered into a combine with Boss Rainey to run 
municipal politics to their own interest rather than to 
that of the people. Public officials should be forced to at- 
tend to their duties, for which they are too generously 
remunerated, and should not be permitted to fritter away 
their time in providing jobs for the political toughs com- 
posing their circle of friends. 

IT is to be regretted that the daily papers devoted so 
much space to the late unfortunate suicide of a well- 
known young gentleman in this city. Had the deceased 
been unknown, the subject would have been dismissed with 
ten lines. Being a member of society, columns upon 
columns of sensational and unnecessary matter were 
printed to the disgust of respectable people and the great 
sorrow of the young man's friends. We trust the day will 
come when our daily papers will be controlled once more 
by gentlemen. 

1UTANY improvements are in progress in this city, 
J'V particularly in the districts about Golden Gate Park, 
and also in South San Francisco and the Potrero. Times 
are not so desperately bad as agitators and demagogues 
would have the people believe. The main cause of the 
prevailing dullness in trade is the low price of wheat, 
which depresses the farming industry. But the remedy 
for this is to be found in a more varied agriculture, irriga- 
tion and sub-division of lands; not in legislation or danger- 
ous experiments in finance. 

THE Department of Agriculture at Washington is in- 
teresting itself in the subject of fig culture in Califor- 
nia and other States, and will soon issue a bulletin on the 
subject. For some unexplained reason, the horticulturists 
of this State have never succeeded fn putting upon the 
market a dried fig equal in quality to those imported from 
Smyrna, though a world of pains has been taken to that 
end. Even a species of wasp has been introduced here 
from Smyrna, with the object of securing the fertilization 
of the immature fig. Perhaps the Washington experts 
may throw some light on this problem. 


August i, 1896. 


SOUND-money Democrats have been placed in a painful 
position by the mad work of the Convention at Chi- 
cago. To vote for Bryan, they feel, is to vote against the 
welfare of their country, and against the conservatism of 
thei' - party. Such Democrats have no sympathy what- 
ever with socialism, anarchy, or any of the other forces of 
disorder and revolution which are summed up under the 
name of Populism. All their instincts impel them to re- 
vere the landmarks and to be suspicious of innovation. 
Dry an is to them an unsafe pilot, possessed of a passion 
for adventuring into unknown waters. They distrust and 
fear him, and have no wish to aid in giving him control of 
the national tiller. The most confirmedEepublican cannot 
have a stronger aversion to Bryan and the silver plank of 
the Chicago platform than have the sound-money Demo- 

But what are the sound-money Democrats to do? Not 
to vote for Bryan is one thing, to vote for McKinley is 
another. The Republican candidate is not a man to inspire 
the respect and confidence of any Democrat. He is a man 
of slender abilities, a shifty politician who has been upon 
both sides of the money question, and would have accepted 
the nomination on any platform. Had the Republican 
Convention, instead of declaring for the single gold 
standard, pronounced for free coinage at the ratio of 16 
to 1, or any other ratio, and chosen him as the standard- 
bearer, McKinley's silver speeches in and out of Congress 
would now be circulating by the million at the expense of 
the Republican Campaign Committee, and the Major 
would be running an oratorical free silver mint at Canton 
instead of a gold one. Moreover, the one doctrine for 
which he has consistently stood, and with which his name is 
most conspicuously associated, is a doctrine that all Demo- 
crats, no matter what their financial views may be, re- 
gard with a most earnest disapproval. McKinley was 
boomed for the Presidential nomination because he per- 
sonified the policy of protection, and for many years oppo- 
sition to protection has been the test of Democracy. 
The use of the Government by private interests to make 
money for them at the expense of the whole people, has 
borne the fruit predicted by Democrats. The prole- 
tariat is now demanding that it, instead of the manu- 
facturers, shall be enriched by legislation. Protection has 
bred Socialism, and McKinley is the best-beloved of all 

It is not strange that sound-money Democrats should be 
conscious of an almost invincible repugnance against vot- 
ing for Major McKinley, nor that so many of them look 
with favor on the proposal to nominate a separate Demo- 
cratic ticket which would give the sane wing of the party 
an opportunity to express their convictions at the polls — 
an opportunity to vote at once against free silver and for 
free trade. This course is not advocated in the expecta- 
tion that such a real Democratic ticket could be elected. 
The protagonists of the scheme say simply that as citizens 
they want to vote right, and leave the consequences of 
wrong voting to those who choose to be guilty of it. 
Morally this position is unassailable, but politically it is 
childish. Results are necessarily the first consideration in 
politics. And, fortunately, the dilemma of the sound- 
money Democrat is not practically half so distressing as it 
is theoretically. Though the Republican platform is com- 
mitted to protection, and McKinley is a custom house in- 
carnate, there will be no violent alterations in the tariff 
even should he be elected. The silver Senators will be in 
their seats, and no reason is apparent why they should de- 
part from the ground they held during the last session of 
Congress, which was that they would permit no tariff 
legislation until a free silver bill had been passed. Hence 
the tariff is of no immediate importance in this canvass. 
The issue between sound money and free silver is straight. 
Democrats, therefore, who believe in upholding the single 
gold standard and want to help toward that end, will not 
waste their ballots on any stand-up-and-be-counted ticket 
but vote for McKinley. He is a bitter pill, certainly. No 
Democratic vote will be given him for what he is, but 
solely for what his party imports in relation to the finan- 
cial system of the country. He is the gold cure for the 
disease of Bryanism. The News Letter always has been, 
and is now, a Democratic journal, but, in its judgment, the 

election of the Democratic Presidential candidate this 
year would be a disaster to the republic. Major McKinley 
is a little man, a pliable man, and, in our opinion, quite 
unfit personally for the high office for which he has been 
named by his party, but in this crisis it is the duty of all 
sound-money men to vote for him. His party will keep 
him to the gold plank of its platform — there need be no 
doubt about that. 

Facts Worth Iu these days every man is being called up- 
Memorizing, on to discuss the money question. Not all 
of us are equipped for the task. The 
world of finance has heretofore been content to leave this 
complex topic to the experts. But with a National Cam- 
paign raging on this lone issue, it will be well for the 
average man to memorize a few strong points and stand 
by them. No man can be driven from his position who 
learns that money as a standard of value is an interna- 
tional, and not merely a local or national factor; that 
cheap money will always drive the higher priced money 
out of circulation, and thus contract the currency; that a 
fixed standard is required to measure value; that gold 
money is of automatic issue, no one determines its limits of 
circulation; that fiat money, which it is proposed one half 
the silver dollar shall be, is simply a forced loan as long as 
the credit of the Government keeps it at par and a loss of 
50 cents to every man who owns a dollar the moment the 
Government allows it to stand alone on its bullion value; 
the words " cheap " and "dear" have no meaning without 
a standard of comparison. Panics are caused by the over- 
valuation of property and commodities, and by general ex- 
travagance, and not by the so-called variations in the 
supply of money. In 1893 94 money was more plentiful 
than ever before. In 1873 the netdepositsin our National 
Banks were $673,000,000, in 1894 they had increased to 
$2,919,300,000. The deposits in the Savings Banks in 
1883 slightly exceeded one billion, by 1894 tbey amounted 
to two billions. It is business that determines how much 
money a country needs. What we now need is an increase 
in the volume of business, and not in the volume of money. 
These facts are but few and simple, yet the man who 
masters them, need not fear the onslaught of any silver ad- 
vocate on earth. 

The Public Tne Public Library is not occupying the 
Liorary. wide field of usefulness, nor doing the 
amount of good its early advocates intended 
and expected. Without knowing just what are the facts, we 
are pretty sure that we are not far wroug in the guess that 
the inner management of the concern has settled down to 
a small coterie of friends, very much resembling a nice 
little family tea party. In point of fact, the employees, from 
Librarian downwards are women of doubtful age, whilst 
the Trustees are men long since passed into the sere and 
yellow leaf period. In such a happy conjuncture of affairs 
it is not surprising that the men select the women and the 
women the men, and that, except for occasional bickerings 
among themselves, the people around the Library are 
about as easy going and as happy a set of officials as is to 
be found this side of Paradise. A get-up-and-get kind of 
a man added to the Board of Trustees would create as 
much confusion among tbem, as, in other days, the male in- 
truder is represented to have done in the young ladies' 
seminary. It is about time these halcyon days were over. 
The Chief Executive officer ought to be a man of energy, 
of acquaintance with books, both inside and out, possessed 
of winning manners and address, a good but suave dis- 
ciplinarian, and withal, a scholar and a gentleman. No 
woman, however worthy in other respects, can fully fill 
that hill. The location of the Library in the New City 
Hall has never been satisfactory. Already both the city 
business and the Library are unduly crowded. Then the 
rank political atmosphere that surrounds every entrance 
lo the Hall quite unfits the place for some of the uses to 
which it is put. The flotsam and jetsam of our city politics 
seek out the main chance on the steps, sidewalks, stairs 
and corridors of our ill-smelling unsavory City Hall and 
render it an undesirable place for young ladies and school 
girls to pass through. With the right man at the head of 
affairs, with women as assistants if you like, the Library 
would soon be removed to more fitting quarters, and made 
the center of the light and learning of the city. 

August i, 1896. 


The Boy Orator's Mr. Bryan is a great speaker, or 
Speeches. nothing He has no record, no exe- 

cutive ability, and no experience in 

statescraft. He owes his nomination to the effects of a 
single speech upon a crowd of wild asses Wo have noticed 
with some surprise that that speech is not being made a 
campaign document. Surely, if when spoken, it had so 
great OD effect as to carry the convention and to change 
the whole political situation, it ought to have no less in- 
fluence when carefully read and pondered over. Yet very 
few readers have yet been given a chance to see more than 
an imperfect synopsis of it hastily telegraphed whilst the 
convention was in session. The perusal of a verbatim re- 
port of it enables us to say that it does not justify its repu- 
tation. It is all wind and froth, meaning nothing. It lacks 
everything savoring of consecutive argument, and its dis- 
jointed assertions are frequently grave errors. He lauds 
Jefferson and proclaims that he "stands where Jefferson 
stood." Mr. Bryan's sole creed, the one that won him his 
nomination and is now the issue of this campaign, is the 
silver dollar at a ratio of 1G to 1. This makes it interest- 
ing to know what if anything, Mr. Jefferson said about 
silver coinage. As a matter of fact he said this: "The 
proportion between the values of gold and silver is a mer- 
cantile problem altogether. * * Just principles will lead 
us to disregard legal proportions altogether; to enquire 
into the market price of the precious metals in the several 
countries with which we shall principally be connected in 
commerce and to take an average from them. A commis- 
sion should therefore be appointed to inquire what are the 
proportions between the values of fine gold and fine silver 
in those countries and the coinage at our mints should be 
at the average of the ratio thus determined." That was 
Jefferson's view of the silver problem at the beginning of 
the Government. He was a 15 to 1 man at the outset. 
That is, he united with Hamilton in recommending that 
proportion as it was, at the time, approximately the 
market proportion. Subsequently, when Jefferson was 
President, silver having declined in price as compared with 
gold, he far exceeded "the great crime of 1873;" he shut 
the mints against the coinage of silver altogether, and they 
remained shut for a third of a cjntury. 

Jefferson had not the slightest authority in law to do 
that, but he earnestly favored an honest dollar. The 
silver dollar had become dishonest to the extent of about 
3 cents, and he promptly ceased coining it. In our day it 
is dishonest to the extent of about 48 cents, yet the party 
of Jefferson wants, in his sacred name, to coin all the 
silver of the world at that greatly debased ratio and to 
pay all debts, public and private, with it. Great Heavens! 
It is enough to make the founder of the Democracy turn 
over in his tomb and endeavor to escape to chastise them 
for their folly. Indubitably Bryan does not stand where 
Jefferson stood, and in that as well as in several other 
particulars his speech is contrary to the facts. What is 
to be said of a man whose only acquired talent is that of 
making speeches which are devoid of reason and independ- 
ent of truth? He may continue to talk to the mob in 
places where his speeches may not be correctly reported, 
giving him an opportunity to repudiate them, but if he 
speaks in halls to quieter audiences, his speeches will 
get into the newspapers and be promptly exposed as 
the frauds they are. If Jefferson were alive to-day he 
would, if he would coin silver at all, be a 30 to 1 man. The 
question of a ratio is in his own words, "A mercantile 
problem altogether." It was that kind of a problem to 
Jackson also, for he changed the ratio from 15 to 1, and 
fixed it at 16 to 1, because that had become about the 
market ratio. To Jefferson, Jackson, Van Buren, Benton 
and other leaders of the Democracy there was nothing 
sacred about silver at all, and nothing unchangeable in the 
ratio at which it should be coined. If Jackson were Presi- 
dent to-day he would be strongly tempted to deal with 
Bryan, Altgeld, and Tillman as nullifiers and shut them 
up or hang them. He would consider Bryan's nullification 
more vicious and destructive than Calhoun's, for the latter's 
merely menaced the authority of the Government in one 
small spot in the National domain, while Bryan's attacks 
the Nation's honor, assails the very existence of every 
wage earner, confiscates half of every deposit in a Savings 
Bank, every life insurance policy and every just debt and 
destroys our credit before the world. 

The Business It is fortunate at this particular 

Situation Throughout juncture that business men are for 

The Country. business first, and for politics after- 

wards. Alarmed, as they un- 
doubtedly are, at the political situation, this does not 
cause them to loose their wits, or to abandon their instinc- 
tive conservatism in regard to material affairs The 
sober second thought with them always means the " mak- 
ing the best of things;" to that thought they are invari- 
ably as true as the needle to the pole. At this moment 
there are numerous signs that they arc, with more or less 
success, striving to do that very thing. No doubt the idea 
that best sustains them is that the election in November 
will turn out all right. The conviction grows that the 
follies and iniquities of the Chicago platform will insure its 
overwhelming defeat, and that such a blow will probably 
mean the final extirpation of errors that are menacing to 
every interest. The crops are, happily, reported from all 
points to be above the average. This is the encouraging 
feature of the situation. Nature is coming to our relief 
and building up, whilst men would destroy. The latest 
Government estimates indicate a very much increased 
yield over that of last year. There is some talk of con- 
certed action among certain of the New York Banks to 
furnish gold for export, and so relieve the drain upon the 
Treasury. Of course this cuts two ways: whilst it is use- 
ful in temporarily helping the public credit, it none the 
less weakens the country in respect to its gold circulation. 
Then again rumors are current on change that a syndicate 
has been formed which stands ready to take $100,000,000 
of bonds at about the figures which the last sale brought. 
These stories are all evidently believed as they are palpa- 
bly serving to check the decline that had set in. They are 
all favorable influences, as far as they go, and help to 
justify the hope that the worst has been duly discounted 
and that the changes which may hereafter occur will be 
for the better. Railroad earnings keep up their favorable 
showing. Seventy-three roads which furnish their figuies 
reveal a gain of 11.49 per cent in June as compared with 
the same period in 1895. This is the largest gain by any 
considerable number of roads since 1893. No better evi- 
dence of improved conditions throughout the country 
exists than this marked increase in the volume of railroad 
business. It is evident that material aff airs are not as bad 
as the "boy orators" are endeavoring to make out. Pros- 
perity is coming if the politicians will but let it alone. 

The Threat The scenes at the National Convention of 
of the Populists — the delegates on the floor by 

Populism, the hundred, shrieking all at once; the 
breaking of heads, the fights of frenzied 
orators with the police; the howls, the confusion, the gen- 
eral madness — are not the subject of mirth to the thought- 
ful. That Convention represented between two and three 
million voters of this republic. It is fair to assume that 
the delegates were picked men, that they were sent Lo the 
convention because they were the superiors of their con- 
stituents in intelligence. Yet consider what these delegates 
were — a mob of ignorant zealots, wholly without rational 
self-command, intolerant, fierce, and subject in their hys- 
terical excitement to waves of sympathetic emotion that 
set them roaring or singing or marching round the hall. 

It is not wise to deceive ourselves. We have in this 
country ample material for a Jacquerie whenever oppor- 
tunity shall offer. The spirit of the carmagnole was in that 
frightsome convention, the spirit of the Committee of Pub- 
lic Safety, and the guillotine. Only opportunity is needed 
to transform Tillman into a Marat, Altgeld into a Robes- 
pierre, and Waite into a Danton. Habit, and the fear of 
the police and troops alone hold down these natural ene- 
mies of order, these haters of property. 

Our Government must be kept strong, and its true 
strength is in justice. Those who seek to use it as a 
means to exploit the pockets of the masses — the protec- 
tionists — are the most dangerous class of the population, 
for they breed dislike and distrust of the Government in 
the hearts of the poor. No privilege and fair play for 
everybody — that is the spirit which must, be cultivated to 
offset the spirit of revolution and spoilation, which speaks 
with a voice of growing volume through Populism. The 
cure for the evil is to remove its cause. 


August i, 1896. 

The Detestable The Rev. E. R. Dille continues to ob- 
Di lie Again. trude himself. He also continues to 
hold the position of pastor of the Central 
Methodist Church and to take the tone of a moral leader 
in his discourses. When a man is fit to occupy a pulpit he, 
by ' irtue of his character and the custom of his office, is 
qualified to advise other people as to their conduct, and 
to condemn them when they go wrong. But a Dille ex- 
horting to righteousness and denouncing the wicked is a 
grotesque spectacle to all who have not passed from com- 
mon sense into a state of grace. Last Sunday, as we see 
by tne daily papers, he had the effrontery to harangue on 
the value of moral principle and Christian character. 
What proof has Brother Dille given this community that 
he knows anything about either ? We have the authority 
of Christ for it that a tree is to be judged by its fruits, 
and that figs are not to be gathered from thistles. Apply- 
ing these maxims to Dille, who professes to be a follower 
of Christ, and is a paid expounder of his gospel, the result 
is the creation of an ardent desire for no more Dille. 
Morally speaking he is blind in both eyes. He is as incap- 
able of discriminating between right and wrong as a 
physically sightless man is of distinguishing colors. This 
is strong language to apply to the most prominent Metho- 
dist preacher in San Francisco, but the facts justify it.. 

When Dr. Brown, of the First Congregational Church, 
was charged with adultery, and committed perjury, 
suborned perjury, and intimidated women witnesses, Dr. 
Dille flew to his rescue. He did not wait for evidence. It 
was enough for him that Brown wore a clerical coat. A 
fellow shepherd was in danger, and the Dille sword was 
drawn in instant defense. If that swift partisanship, 
equally disgraceful whether considered morally or intel- 
lectually, has been repented of, no public sign of penitence 
has been given. 

When the Rev. Colburn, pastor of Grace M. E. Church, 
was arrested in Golden Gate Park a few months ago and 
taken to the city prison in the patrol wagon, like any 
other criminal, again Dille asked for no evidence, but 
sprang to his brother's help. The policeman who appre- 
hended Colburn was ready to testify that he caught him 
in the actual commission of a crime that may not even be 
hinted at in type. Colburn was not prosecuted for the 
reason that the authorities preferred to let him escape the 
law's punishment rather than befoul the public mind with 
the scandal which a prosecution would have made. At 
once a council of Methodist ministers and deacons met and 
exonerated Colburn, on two grounds: 1st, that the accused 
and his companion in unnatural infamy each vouched for 
the other's innocence; and 2d, that there was to be no 
legal prosecution ! Dille was the master spirit of that 
vile council. To this day, Colburn has not dared to chal- 
lenge the policeman's testimony before the Park Commis- 
sioners by asking for his dismissal. He rises weekly in his 
pulpit with unabashed forehead and preaches morality to a 
congregation which deems one charged with being a sexual 
monster good enough to speak for Jesus. Dr. Dille re- 
mains his friend. Colburn, like Brown, wears a clerical 
coat and is a brother shepherd. 

When adultery, and unnatural vice, and perjury, and 
subornation of perjury, do not offend Dr. Dille's moral 
susceptibilities, so long as the crimes are committed by 
persons of his own profession, it is scarcely needful to say 
that people of normal morals object to bim as a censor. 
Therefore, whenever Dr. Dille comes out of the privacy 
where he belongs, it is proper that he should be told that 
clean and self-respecting men and women abhor him and 
all his kind. The piety of his kind may be great, but 
morally they are without the pale. Dr. Dille is no good, 
and everybody knows it. It is a duty to make him feel 
what everybody knows. Dille has forfeited the right to 
speak in San Francisco. 

The Awakening The merchants of this city appear to be 

of awakening to the fact that there are 

The Clams. other places in California besides San 

Francisco, and that in the fight for the 

world's business many of them are getting ahead of our 

own city. It refreshes us to be able to record this fact. 

The average merchant here has been content to sit on a 

sugar barrel, twirl his thumbs, and talk about the days 

of '49 and the enormous profits then obtainable. Oppor- 

tunities have repeatedly come their way whereby they 
could have increased their business and bettered the busi- 
ness outlook in San Francisco, but they have ever been 
content to remain on the barrel chewing the cud of past 
achievements. For a good working specimen of the hu- 
man clam give us the average San Francisco business man 
every time. His like is not known the world over and the 
world should be glad of it. Had he existed in the days of 
the Pharoahs, the Pyramids had never been built; had he 
been in evidence in London at the time of the Great Fire, 
the ashes of that metropolis would still be smouldering. 
The Orient is at our very doors yet it is possible that the 
average merchant here has never heard of it. The 
Japanese are looking along our coast for suitable ports 
and have doubtless seen that of San Francisco and recog- 
nized its superiority over all others. But it is handi- 
capped by the men who control it — the men on a barrel — 
and the Japanese are too busy to wish to listen to fairy 
tales of days past and profits that will never be seen 
again. They know that nearly all the papers in the city 
are howling for protection against foreign products, and 
they imagine that to be the wish of the people. Is it any 
wonder that they prefer to look elsewhere for a halting 
place for their steamers? Is it any wonder that they 
prefer to deal with live business men rather than with 
clams? The men of the interior can teach us a lesson in 
enterprise and energy. It might pay us to import a few 
of them and request them to show us how to get trade and 
how to keep it. We are tired of the men on the barrel, 
for unless they bestir themselves in the very near future 
San Francisco will be numbered along with the cities of 
Tyre and Sidon. We cannot live on our climate. 

Some Needed Though Mayor Sutro has with his ac- 
Improvements. customed philanthrophy often announced 
his intention of donating Sutro Heights 
to the public, for their use forever, it is to be remarked 
that he has not, as yet, allowed a right of way through 
those grounds to the beach. The public are graciously ad- 
mitted to the Heights, it is true, but they must leave by 
the same gateway through which they enter. It would 
be a great convenience, and a boon which would no doubt 
be appreciated by the multitude whom the Mayor delights 
to unselfishly serve, were they permitted to pass through 
the grounds on their way to the beach or the Cliff House, 
and to return in the same way. This would, in time, 
amount to a dedication of the paths and roadways to 
public uses, so that the property would become charged 
with this obligation perpetually, no matter into whose 
hands it might pass. Perhaps the worthy Mayor has 
never considered this aspect of the matter: it would cer- 
tainly be in harmony with his often-expressed intentions 
should he thus establish rights of way for the public. The 
act of opening bis lower gates to the masses would of it- 
self be an earnest of his ultimate gift of the entire Heights 
to the populace. The business of the peanut and popcorn 
stands, along the main highway, might suffer a little were 
the multitude allowed to pass directly through the grounds 
to the beach, but the income from these concessions is 
altogether too trifling to affect the matter, in the estima- 
tion of Mr. Sutro. In this regard, it is to be observed 
that one of the greatest drawbacks to visitors to the Cliff 
House and Sutro baths is the exceedingly rough and dusty 
condition of the only highway by which those places of re- 
sort are now accessible. 

Not For The Missionary party that, by the aid of a 
Annexation United States ship of war, seized the reins 
Now. of Government of the Hawaiian Islands, is 
not in favor of annexation now. They are 
in haste to say so, and very emphatic in saying it, now 
that there is likely soon to be some chance of their original 
request being acceded to. They want United States 
protection, and a guarantee of the independence of the 
existing government; in return for which they offer to 
enter into a reciprocity treaty, which would doubtless be 
found to be all turkey for the Missionary party but all 
crow for Uncle Sam. The objection to annexation now is 
a dislike of certain very salutary laws of this country 
which forbid any but free and untrammeled immigration. 
With the Hawaiian Islands an integral part of the United 
States, the sugar planters would have to stop Coolie serf- 

August i, 1896. 


dom. andlaborcontiactswith t! and Portuguese, 

With cheap labor and a protected market tbey are now 
making money more rapidly than any olasa in this country 
is making it. In fait they are becoming disgustingly rlob. 

In regard to which wo should have nothing to say, if it 
were being done legitimately. But we do not believe in 
our country protecting the products of serfdom, nor do 
we believe in the Missionaries, or their descendants, who 
are employing such foreign labor, and profiting hugely by 
it. In fact we do not believe in favoring these Hawaiian 
marauders upon any terms. We do not believe in becom- 
ing P* 1 minis with thieves, who went to the Is- 
lands, presumably taking neither "scrip, nor thought for 
to-morrow" with them, beguiled the natives of their lands, 
and. finally, with force of arms deprived them of their 
Government, and almost of the right to live in the land in 
to which these rascally missionaries were originally wel- 
comed as apostles of righteousness by a too confiding and 
generous race. The history of the present ownership of 
the lands and Government of Hawaii is one long record of 
deceit, hypocrisy, ingratitude, and fraud on the part of 
wolves who went there dressed iu sheep's clothing. In- 
stead of being pampered and made rich at the cost of our 
people, they should be spat upon and theu shunned as the 
deceivers, ingrates and thieves that they are. Their in- 
famy is coming to be better understood than it was, and 
the day is not far distant when it will be looked upon as 
one of the blackest pages in history. 

A City Hall At last the City Hall has ceased to be a 
Nuisance, maze in which the unaccustomed visitor 
hopelessly lost his way. Each hallway has 
been provided with a framed directory card or index, 
specifying the location of each courtroom, office or depart- 
ment of the city government contained in the building. 
And in addition to the index, there is in each corridor, 
conspicuously displayed upon the wall, a drawing showing 
the complete plan of the floor on which it is situated. 
With these aids to the inexperienced, it is no longer a 
difficult and vexatious matter to proceed to any court- 
room or office that may be sought. The News Letter 
some months ago called attention to the need of such 
drawings and a directory for the building, and is pleased 
to see that the long-felt want has finally been supplied. 

But the system of collecting fees at the City Hall re- 
mains the most bothersome and clumsy that the dullness 
of man has ever devised. If one wishes, for example, to 
pay the charges for recording a document, he must first 
get from the Becorder's office a printed blank by which 
the Treasurer is informed of the amount to be paid. This 
must be taken from the Hall of Becords into the City Hall 
proper, and there delivered, along with the money to be 
paid, into the hands of a clerk whose office is hidden under 
one of the stairways. The latter gives a receipt for the 
fee, which receipt must then be taken back to the Hall of 
Becords, where it is to be delivered before the fee will be 
regarded as paid. The object of this system is to prevent 
pilfering or the falsification of accounts, but this result 
could surely be attained in some way that would not inflict 
unbounded annoyance and unreasonable loss of time upon 
all who have business to transact at the City Hall. No 
such methods would be tolerated for a day in any branch 
of private business. Such a system as is employed for 
Postoffice money orders, or by Wells, Fargo & Co., in the 
sale of small drafts, would furnish ample safeguards 
against theft and falsification, without inflicting needless 
vexation and inconvenience upon the public. 

The Passion The old saying, that marriages are made 
of in heaven, receives no support from latter- 

First Love. day scientists and philosophers. Indeed, 
it may be said to have been demonstrated 
that first love, at least, is purely a matter of inherited 
propensity; one might almost say, physiological rather 
than psychological in its manifestations. It is subjective 
rather than objective. Let us consider what prompts 
youths and maidens to "fall in love," a term which aptly 
expresses the blind and unreasoning nature of the passion. 
There is no deliberate or conscious selection in these 
affairs. The object of attachment is quite as often un- 
worthy as deserving of the tender sentiment and devotion 
which the youthful heart so freely lavishes. It is all a 

matter of accident and association. Given twoyoung per- 
il opposite sei and pleasing exterior; with favorable 
circumstances the mating may be assured with almost as 
much certainty as in the case of doves or pigeons. Some- 
times it happens that what might be called wise marriages 
result from these early romances; as often the sequel is 
misery and despair. One of the gravest defects of the 
ordinary education is that it fails to warn young people of 
the dangers that attend the free and promiscuous inter- 
course allowed by our American social system. Here, as a 
rule, there is an absence of the chaperonage that serves 
to protect young girls in older civilizations from many of 
the follies and dangers to which they are in this country 
exposed. But what is most needed is a little sound in- 
struction relative to the natural propensities that have 
their origin in functional development at and beyond the 
age of puberty. A little judicious caution and advice in 
this regard would often serve as an effectual safeguard 
against the follies and imprudences which spring from un- 
instructed ignorance. 

The Danger of The student of European history 

Political Conventions, may remember that the French 
Bevolution was preceded by the 
Convention of 1789, and the experience gathered from 
these two events put an end to political conventions in 
France, possibly, for ever. Europe to-day interprets the 
words "political convention" to mean "danger," and while 
they may be allowed within certain limits in Great Britain 
or Ireland, they are not allowed in any other country in 
the old world. The King of Poland used to be chosen, by 
an army of political and military hustlers, on the plains of 
Crakow, and the scenes of debauchery, drunkenness and 
contention that accompanied the selection was the pre- 
curser of the vanishing of that kingdom from the map of 
Europe. Switzerland, one of the best governed countries 
in the world, does not hold "conventions" to select its 
President, and no thoughtful citizen of this country can 
look at the doings of the Conventions held here and not 
feel some alarm for the future stability of the nation. The 
delegates to the Convention are very of ten illegally elected, 
originating in the saloon of the " boss" politician, and inva- 
riably are office seekers. A Democratic paper in Illinois has 
said that Altgeld's delegation in Chicago was got together 
by trickery, and that it existed without reference to the 
wishes of the people, and so long as our best citizens re- 
fuse to take part in politics the same will continue to be 
said of many other delegations too. The political conven- 
tion is well enough in theory, but as it is in this country 
to-day, with its political schemers, its saloon politicians, 
its wire-pullers, its anarchists, and its "bosses" in the 
ascendant, the political convention is a signal of danger 
which the people cannot safely neglect observing, or if 
they do they will awake some Fourth of July to find that 
the Bepublic has no longer a sound mind in a potent body. 

Lawyers, Physicians, In the olden times these terms had 
and Divines. reference to gentlemen — educated, 

honorable gentlemen — pursuing as 
a Profession, for which they have been expressly educated, 
Law, Physic, and Divinity; but in our times, and on this 
Continent, or on that part of it forming the late U. S., a 
Lawyer is understood to signify a wary thief; a Physician 
an unscrupulous imposter, and a Divine a blood-thirsty, 
sneaking, time-serving, beggar. We are perfectly aware 
that in these Professions there are, in San Francisco, a 
few as good men to-day as there ever were — men who 
keenly feel the humiliation of being associated in the public 
mind with the dirty blackguards who predominate in the 
three Professions. It may be lucrative, but it is not hon- 
orable, to pursue any one of the Professions named — viz: 
that of a thief, a murderer, or a beggar. 

THOSE of our people who complain of the "monotony" 
of the California climate might have had a taste of 
variety during the week, in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana 
and other States of the great East, where a terrific storm 
of wind, hail and rain impartially spread destruction and 
scattered families over the land. But we have other resi- 
dents who prefer "everlasting sunshine" to the dim se- 
clusion that the "cyclone cellar" grants. 


August i, 1896. 


EDITOR NEWS LETTER — Sir: Recurring to the 
Silver Question and the "Hard Times" articles by Mr. 
Scott, we note, in passing, his tribute to Protection, on 
page 568 of the May Overland, and his assertion that 

"The record of facts shows that in this country from HJ20 to the 
present time, each and every period of non-protection of home in- 
du, tries has been fraught with adversity, and that each and every 
period of protection of home industries has been fraught with pros- 

I frankly confess that I do not understand what relation 
the status of the Amerieau Colonies from 1620 to 1776, 
(over a century and a half,) bears to the Republican policy 
of high Protection; and it is certain there has been no 
period of non-protection in the last half century. More- 
over, the workings of the Walker Tariff, from 1846 on- 
ward, were so satisfactory that ten years later in the 
National contest of 1856 there was no agitation of the 
subject, and practically there was no interruption of the 
status from 1846 to 1862, after which the Morrill Tariff, 
confessedly a war measure, went into effect. Moreover, 
the financial crash of 1873 and the subsequent industrial 
stagnation and business depression of five years, was in 
the period of an extremely high tariff. The same applies 
to the break-down in 1882-5. 

Of all the schemes for exaction